He was beatified by Benedict XIII.
Clermont-Ferrand is the seat of a bishopric and a prefecture and headquarters of the XIII.
No theologian save Augustine has had an equal influence on the theological thought and language of the Western Church, a fact which was strongly emphasized by Leo XIII.
The best modern edition of the works of Aquinas is that prepared at the expense of Leo XIII.
With this system the temperature xiii.
du museum, xiii.
This practice had been in vogue since the establishment of posts, and was frequently used by the ministers of Louis XIII.
In 84 Sulla removed Apellicon's library to Rome (Strabo xiii.
i., c. xiii.
See P. Mandonnet, Siger de Brabant et l'Averroisme latin du XIII e siecle (Fribourg, 1899); G.
In 1632 the countship was confiscated by Louis XIII.
In the pontificate of Clement XIII they ruled the Vatican, and almost succeeded in embroiling the pope with the concerted Bourbon potentates of Europe.
In July following Leo XIII.
and xiii.); and A.
72; Strabo xiii.
3-21), in society, and in the state (xiii.
1-7); love is the supreme law (xiii.
8-10), and the nearness of the end the supreme motive to morality (xiii.
3 A fragment of such a work, probably emanating from the school of Hivi, was found by Schechter and published in J.Q.R., xiii.
and Benedict XIII.
Capitals and triglyphs The figures are those of Diodorus (xiii.
11 foll.; Judges xiii.
Lastly it was the fiery counsels of the dying prophet, accompanied by the acted magic of the arrow shot through the open window, and also of the thrice smitten floor, that gave nerve and courage to Joash, king of Israel, when the armies of Syria pressed heavily on the northern kingdom (2 Kings xiii.
Louise became maid of honour to Anne of Austria, and Richelieu sought to attract the attention of Louis XIII.
This delicate matter was arranged by Mr Taft in a personal interview with Pope Leo XIII.
The enemy under Hazael's son Ben-hadad (properly Bar-hadad) was driven out and Joash regained the territory which his father had lost (2 Kings xiii.
Syria had not been crushed, and the failure to utilize the opportunity was an act of impolitic leniency for which Israel was bound to suffer (2 Kings xiii.
He saved Israel from being blotted out, and through his successes " the children of Israel dwelt in their tents as of old " (2 Kings xiii.
In the south of the Sinaitic peninsula, remains have been found of an elaborate half-Egyptian, half-Semitic cultus (Petrie, Researches in Sinai, xiii.), and not only does Edom possess some reputation for " wisdom," but, where this district is concerned, the old Arabian religion (whose historical connexion with Palestine is still imperfectly known) claims some attention.
takes the part of his subjects against the excessive zeal of the official Gadatas, and grants freedom of taxation and exemption from forced labour to those connected with a temple of Apollo in Asia Minor (Bulletin de correspondance hellenique, xiii.
thing of a twelve-years' governorship and of a second visit, but the evidence does not enable us to determine the sequence (xiii.
With this Nehemiah brings the account of his reforms to a conclusion, and the words " Remember me, 0 my God, for good " (xiii.
New to the Sacred College and free from traditional preconceptions, he was admirably fitted to carry out the papal policy under Leo XIII.
Rightly or wrongly, he was held personally responsible for the rapprochement with France and Russia and the opposition to the Powers of the Triple Alliance; and this attitude had its effect on his career when Leo XIII.
There halve also come to light remains of a great domed mortuary chamber of primitive construction containing relics of the Early Minoan period (Halbherr, Monumenti Antichi, xiii.
When in 1394 Benedict XIII.
But the suspicions aroused by his conduct found further confirmation when he caused himself - or allowed himself - to be nominated bishop of Le Puy by Benedict XIII.
on an embassy to Benedict XIII.
In that war the young king perished and a still younger brother, Ptolemy XiII.
7 with xiii.
or one of them for the testes, and XIII for the ovaries.
Gregory XIII >>
and Louis XIII.
1207; Theocritus xiii.; Strabo xii.
Eusebes (reigned 95-83?), and the son of Eusebes, Antiochus Xiii.
When Pompey appeared in Syria in 64, Antiochus XIII.
Schliemann, Tiryns, Plate XIII.
There are other ganglia in addition to those of the ventral chain, and Janet supposes that the ganglia of the sympathetic system indicate the existence of three anterior head-segments; the remains of the segments themselves are, in accordance with this view, to be sought in the XIII.
Charles XIII >>
1; Ovid, Heroides, xiii.; Philostratus, Heroica, iii.
The civil wars of the reign of Louis XIII.
During 1822 and the succeeding years he travelled about Europe on the search for materials for his Collection des chroniques rationales fran4aises ecrites en langue vulgaire cat XIII e au X VI' siècle (47 vols., 1824-1829).
After the revolution of 1830 he founded the Pantheon litteraire, in which he published a Choix d'ouvrages mystiques (1843), a Choix de monuments primitifs de l'eglise chretienne (1837), a Choix des historiens grecs (1837), a collection of Chroniques etrangeres relatives aux expeditions francaises pendant XIII' siècle (1840), and, most important of all, a Choix de chroniques et memoires sur l'histoire de France (1836-1841).
We find the records of it in the second volume of Marsden's Select Pleas in the Court of Admiralty, and in Lord Coke's writings: Reports, part xiii.
He it was who was called a "fox" by Christ (Luke xiii.
290 - an act which Gibbon styles the first authentic event in the history of alchemy (Decline and Fall, chap. xiii.).
He ardently called for the armed intervention of King Louis XIII.
See Tacitus, Annals, xiii.
Diodorus Siculus xiii.
On the 9th of December 1886 he was beatified by Pope Leo XIII.
According to Cecil Smith, Journal of Hellenic Studies, xiii.
The second day after his election Pope Leo XIII.
The numerous encyclicals by which the pontificate of Leo XIII.
The encyclical Aeterni Patris (4th August 1879) was 1 Leonis XIII.
Brunelli (Udine, 1883); Leonis XIII.
It was the knowledge that in all points of religious faith and practice Leo XIII.
The establishment of a diocesan hierarchy in Scotland had been decided upon before the death of Pius IX., but the actual announcement of it was made by Leo XIII.
The reactionary policy thus indicated gave the impression that a similar aim underlay the appointment about the same date of a commission to inquire into Biblical studies; and in other minor matters Leo XIII.
sent the earl of Denbigh to Rome to congratulate Leo XIII.
to Leo XIII.
The elevation of Newman to the college of Cardinals in 1879 was regarded with approval throughout the English-speaking world, both on Newman's account and also as evidence that Leo XIII.
Grave and serious in manner, speaking slowly, but with energetic gestures, simple and abstemious in his life - his daily bill of fare being reckoned as hardly costing a couple of francs - Leo XIII.
(Rome, 1879); Leonis XIII.
allocutions, epistolae, &c. (Bruges and Lille, 1887, &c.); the encyclicals (Sdmtliche Rundschreiben) with a German translation (6 vols., Freiburg, 1878-1904); Discorsi del Sommo Pontefice Leone XIII.
There are lives of Leo XIII.
McCarthy (1896), by Boyer d'Agen, (Jeunesse de Leon XIII.
Goetz (Gotha, 1899), &c. A life of Leo XIII.
It was used by Cicero (Ep. ad Attic. xiii.
21-27, 29-36, 38-39, xiii.
1-20, 28-31, xiii.
In part xiii.
It forms the diocese of Moulins and part of the ecclesiastical province of Bourges, and falls within the academie (educational division) of Clermont-Ferrand and the region of the XIII.
From 1415 it was the home of the schismatic pope Benedict XIII.
- Pope Leo XIII.
and Alexander I.; but the decoration was not finished till 57 B.C. in the reign of Ptolemy XIII.
And a few days later Pope Leo XIII.
In 1890 Lavigerie appeared in the new character of a politician, and arranged with Pope Leo XIII.
xiii.); and he is sometimes credited with the composition of the Latin hymns Veni Sancte Spiritus, Salve Regina, and Alma Redemptoris.
VII, Usually considered to be the tergum of the genital somite, but suggested by Pocock to be that of the other [According to the system of numbering explained in the text, if VII is the tergum of the praegenital somite (as is probable) it should be labelled Prg without any number, and the somites VIII to XIII should be lettered 1 to 6, indicating that they are the six normal somites of the mesosoma; whilst XV to XVIII should be replaced by the numbers 7 to 12 - an additional suppressed segment (making up the typical six) being reckoned to the metasomatic fusion.] (From Lankester, Q.
VIII to XIII, The six somites of the mesosoma, each with a movable pleural spine and a pair of dorsal entopophysis or muscle-attaching ingrowths.
The unsegmented dense chitinous sternal plate of the metasoma (XIII to XVIII) is not removed.
ventrally forming an oblique X to XIII, The four pulmoniferous diaphragm, cutting off the somites.
(Lorenzo Corsini), pope from 1730 to 1740, succeeded Benedict XIII.
Clement XIII >>
116), no doubt rightly, calls the founder of the colony Aristoteles, while Justin (xiii.
These were contested by Germany, whose flag was hoisted on Yap, and the matter was referred to the arbitration of Pope Leo XIII.
In 1896 Leo XIII.
After the States-general was dissolved he remained in Paris, and the next year he became almoner to Anne of Austria, the child-queen of Louis XIII.
Marie zealously pushed her favourite towards office, and had gone so far as to absent herself from court for three months on account of the king's persistent refusal, when Charles, duc de La Vieuville, then head of the council, in need of her aid in his negotiations with reference to the marriage of her daughter Henriette Marie, finally agreed to force Richelieu's appointment to office upon the king, Louis XIII.
In September 1630, while Louis XIII.
of Marie de Medici and Louis XIII.), sometimes attributed to Mezeray, published at Amsterdam in 1730 and, under the title Histoire de la regence de reine Marie de Medicis, femme de Henry IV., at the Hague in 1743 Memoires sur la regne de Louis XIII., extending from 1610 to 1638, and of which the earlier portion is a reprint of the Histoire de la mere et du fils, published in Petitot's collection (Paris, 1823 seq.); Testament politique d'Armand du Plessis, cardinal de Richelieu (Amsterdam, 1687 seq.); Journal de 1630-31 (Paris, 1645); "Lettres, instructions diplomatiques, et papiers d'etat," published by G.
Historical research and literary criticism flourished under Racki, the first president of the Academy, and his pupils: while Strassmayer did much to revive the Glagolitic, or ancient Slavonic liturgy, and to win for it the favour of Pope Leo XIII.
Retz received no preferment of importance during Richelieu's life, and even after the minister's death, though he was presented to Louis XIII.
In 1888 he retired and received from Leo XIII.
and ii., which were sometimes reckoned as one poem (Acts xiii.
with 1 Macc. xiii.
Among critical estimates of Terence may be mentioned Sainte-Beuve's in Nouveaux lundis (3rd and 10th of August 1863), and Mommsen's in the History of Rome, book iv., chapter xiii.
xiii.) and Plutarch, Nicias.
(Orsi, in Monumenti dei Lincei, 1903, xiii.
20-24 with Mark xiii.
25-27 and xiii.
It was the hand of the author of that offensive Missive to Frederick William III., on the liberty of the press, that drafted the Carlsbad decrees; it was he who inspired the policy of repressing the freedom of the universities; and he noted in his diary as "a day more important than that of Leipzig" the session of the Vienna conference of 1819, in which it was decided to make the convocation of representative assemblies in the German states impossible, by enforcing the letter of Article XIII.
The Hindu Kush is, in fact, but the face of a great upheaved mass of plateau-land lying beyond it northwards, just as the Himalaya forms the southern face of the great central tableland of Tibet, and its general physiography, exhibiting long, narrow, lateral valleys and transverse lines of "antecedent" drainage, is XIII.
(i.) Canonical: Apocalypse in Mark xiii.
Apocalypse in Mark xiii.
Only one passage (Mark xiii.
Our suspicion is justified by a further examination of Mark xiii.
and the anti-pope Benedict of Pisa XIII.
Mommsen, Geschichte der riimsschen Provinzen, chap. xiii.; W.
Alphonso XIII >>
It was probably the practically helpful and encouraging form that his gift as a "prophet" took (Acts xiii.
He led the way to his native Cyprus; but in the crucial struggle with the magician Bar-Jesus, in the presence of the governor of the island (xiii.
4-17 taken with xiii.
7-9; (3) xii., xiii.
also were pre-exilic was held to appear especially in the attack on idolatry and lying prophecy (xiii.
du Midi de la France, xiii.
In 1626 Louis XIII.
Male, L'artreligieuxdu XIII' siecle en France.
7), or who had sought refuge in caverns (xiii.
Next we find that Samuel's interest on behalf of the Israelite king is transferred to David, the founder of the Judaean dynasty, and it is his part to announce the rejection of Saul and Yahweh's new decision (xiii.
Maitland in the Law Quarterly Review, xiii.
xiii.) after T.
In order to secure popular support for the Hochberg heir, Charles in 1818 granted to the grand-duchy, under article xiii.
of Sc., Lit., &c., xiii.
In the year XIII.
In regard to the fetishism of the Gold Coast NoII' of Africa, Jevons (Introduction to the History of J (y f Religion, pp. 165-166) maintains that" public opinion does not approve of the worship by an individual of a suhman, or private tutelary deity, and that his dealings with it are regarded in the nature of ` black art ' as it is not a god of the community."In China there is a" classical or canonical, primitive and therefore alone orthodox (tsching) and true XIII.
3, 2); or when he " mingled the blood " of some unknown Galileans " with their sacrifices " (Luke xiii.
3) and Giblites (Joshua xiii.
34 seq.; xiii.
xiii.; Weiss, Dor dor ve-doreshav, ii.
16 f.; Acts xiii.
and xiii.), which might be either read and translated, or only read and not translated, or (according to a different tradition) neither read nor translated.
7, 1878); and in the subsequent conclave, while some Italian cardinals were prepared to vote for his election to fill the vacant chair, he himself supported Cardinal Pecci, afterwards known as Leo XIII.
10 - xiii.
This story of Abram and his increased wealth (xiii.
Ravignan's Clement XIII.
Dingli and ecclesiastics of all denominations, for conflicting reasons, swelled the opposition against the liberal concessions obtained from Leo XIII.
Jesuit missionaries established themselves on the spot; and in 1580 Gregory XIII.
To the last named were assigned as reenforcements the XIII.
in front line; and the XIII.
of Beaurevoir and then to seize the latter place and Ponchaux; and for the XIII.
The main task fell to the XIII.
5th, however, saw the successful completion of the programme, the XIII.
9, 14; Aulus Gellius xiii.
4447), and a fresh separation from the heathen (Moabites and Ammonites, xiii.
The book concludes with another extract from Nehemiah's memoirs dealing with the events of a second visit, twelve years later (xiii.
The chapter is closely associated with the contents of xiii.
31, 38, 40), it is probably now due as a whole to the chronicler, and when the more trustworthy memoirs of Nehemiah are resumed (xiii.
3 with xiii.
The chronological difficulties will be seen from xiii.
Finally, the specific allusion in xiii.
There are two important Italian compilations, MS. XIII.
1-6, 14-17, xiii.
1-11, 12-17 (circa 69), xiii.
3, points forward to Rome, which is regarded as a temporary incarnation of Satan, xiii.
Various solutions have been offered as to the seven emperors designed by the seven heads of the beast, xiii.
This points, we may here assume, to the Nero redivivus legend, which could not have arisen for a full generation after Nero's death, and the assumption receives large confirmation from the most probable interpretation of the enigmatical words, xiii.
2 In xiii.
The 'beast and the false prophet who are described in xiii.
Finally, in xiii.
(Rome, 1601-1602); and Ciappi, Comp. dell' attioni e santa vita di Gregorio XIII (Rome, 1591).
pontificatus Gregorii XIII.
XIII.) and finished by Augustus, but much of the decoration is later.
448 f.) and the Lisan el-`Arab (xiii.
25, 41, xiii.
Simultaneously with these proceedings in Bohemia, negotiations had been going on for the removal of the long-continued papal schism, and it had become apparent that a satisfactory solution could only be secured if, as seemed not impossible, the supporters of the rival popes, Benedict XIII.
He had three sons: Charles (1578-1621), first duke of Luynes, and favourite of Louis XIII.; Honore (1581-1649), seigneur de Cadenet, who married Charlotte Eugenie d'Ailly, countess of Chaulnes, in 1619, and was created duke of Chaulnes in 1621; and Leon, seigneur de Brantes, who became duke of Luxemburg-Piney by his marriage in 1620 with Margaret Charlotte of Luxemburg.
1 1;Charles (1578-1621), the first duke of Luynes, was brought up at court and attended the dauphin, who later became Louis XIII.
de Luynes (2nd ed., 1624); Le Vassor, Histoire de Louis XIII.
Zeller, Etudes critiques sur le regne de Louis XIII.: le connetable de Luynes, Montauban et la Valteline (Paris, 1879); E.
Pavie, La Guerre entre Louis XIII.
praefectus castrorum legionis xiii.
of the cross; and in chap. xiii.
88) calls the rite of washing feet a sacrament, because without it we have no portion with Christ (John xiii.
Mind, New Series, xiii.
4; Lucian, Macrobii, 18; Strabo xiii.
They are represented as a confederation of five cities (Ashdod, Ascalon [Ashkelon], Ekron, Gath and Gaza) which remained unconquered (Joshua xiii.
7, 11, xiii.
7), speaking an " Ashdodite " dialect (xiii.
21 seq., contrast xiii.
23, see Joshua xiii.
was succeeded by John XIII.
3 - xiii.) deals with the ministry of spiritual gifts as exercised by apostles, prophets and teachers.
He retired to Tarentum for the last years of his life, and a story is told by Gellius (xiii.
Lanciani in Monumenti dei Lincei, xiii.
72; Plutarch, Alexander, 38; Athenaeus xiii.
30; Judges xiii.
15 " An angel " of i Kings xiii.
The government of Louis XIII.
Analysis of Contents.-The book's chief break is at xiii.
(iv.) The Last Supper (xiii.
- xvii.) (j) Solemn washing of the disciples' feet; the beloved disciple; designates the traitor; Judas goes forth, it is night (xiii.
(k) Last discourses, first series (xiii.
xiii.), and to the anointing, last supper, and passion (xiv.
Among the immense literature of the subject, the following books will be found especially instructive by the classically trained reader: Origen's commentary, finished (only to John xiii.
41-54, when Paul visited it (Acts xiii.
40, and the discourse on the Last Things, xiii.
of his Elements, discusses various properties of the sphere, and in book xiii.
The references to such a fountain in Proverbs (xiii.
For the life of Gregory IX., consult his Letters in Monumenta Germaniae historica, Epistolae saeculi XIII.
Masetti, I Pontefici Onorio III, Gregorio IX ed Innocenzo IV a fronte dell' Imperatore Federico II nel secolo XIII (1884); T.
Benedict XIII (anti-pope) >>
ALVISE (1701-1778), who was doge from 1763 until his death, restricted the privileges of the clergy, and in consequence came into bitter conflict with Pope Clement XIII.
His brother Gaston survived him, but gave unexpectedly little trouble during the wars of the Fronde which ensued on the death of Louis XIII.
The chief source of information on Louis XIII.'s life is to be found in the contemporary memoirs, of which the chief are: Bassompierre, Fontenay-Mareuil, Gaston d'Orleans, Montresor, Omer Talon.
de Beauchamp, Louis XIII.
Hanotaux, Histoire du cardinal de Richelieu (1893-1896); Rossignol, Louis XIII.
Topin, Louis XIII.
Ehrle, "Martin de Alpartils chronica actitatorum temporibus domini Benedicti XIII."
Benedict XIII >>
It is said that, after the fall of Troy, he dragged Cassandra away by force from the statue of the goddess at which she had taken refuge as a suppliant, and even violated her (Lycophron, 360, Quintus Smyrnaeus xiii.
See also Maxwell's Theory of Heat, chap. xiii.
John XIII >>
Soc. (1893), xiii.
Kuntze, "Die Legende von der guten Tochter," in Jahrbiicher fitr das klassische Altertum (1904), xiii.
The characteristic marks of a Nazarite were unshorn locks and abstinence from wine (Judges xiii.
In the cases of Samuel and Samson the unshorn locks are a mark of consecration to God (Judges xiii.
1888, p. 265); Appleton's Annual Cyclopaedia, xiii.
Leo XIII >>
5) down to Josiah (2 Kings xiii.
In Homer (Odyssey, xiii.
Woodward, Studies in Education during the Age of the Renaissance (1906), chap. xiii.; Acland and Llewellin Smith, Studies in Secondary Education, with introduction by James Bryce (1892); Essays on a Liberal Education, ed.
On the 2nd of November Bernadotte made his solemn entry into Stockholm, and on the 5th he received the homage of the estates and was adopted by Charles XIII.
(who succeeded to that title in 1818 on the death of Charles XIII.) was popular in both countries.
10-23, xii., xiii.
- lxvi., xiii.
31-41, xiii.; and a narrative written in Aramaic (Ezra iv.
7, 9, II, 14, xiii.
xiii.; of the Resurrection and its consequences in ch.
5), 1899; Harnack's " Eine Schrift Novatians," in Texte and Untersuchungen, xiii.
The synoptic Gospels appear to place the Crucifixion on the 15th, since they speak of the Last Supper as a Passover; St John's Gospel, on the other hand (xiii.
Thus the earliest date at which the commencement of the first missionary journey (Acts xiii.
The journey extended from Salamis " throughout the whole island " of Cyprus as far as Paphos, and on the mainland from Pamphylia to Pisidian Antioch, Iconium, Lystra and Derbe, at each of which places indications are given of a prolonged visit (xiii.
It was renewed by Pope Clement XIII.
In Micronesia, since the discoveries of the early Spanish navigators, the Carolines, Mariana and Pelew Islands had been recognized as Spanish territory until 1885, when Germany began to establish herself in the first-named group. Spain had never occupied this group, but protested against the German action, and Pope Leo XIII.
17 sqq., Acts xiii.
r r the iron horns of Zedels.iah ben Kena`nah, and in 2 Kings xiii.
3 2), and again that there were "prophets and teachers" in the church at Antioch (Acts xiii.
attempted to deprive Catalonia of its rights and privileges, it gave itself up to Louis XIII.
It was a trifling set-off that in 1567 the pope again enjoined the fathers to keep choir and to admit only the professed to priests' orders, especially as Gregory XIII.
But at this juncture Benedict XIV., the most learned and able pope of the period, was succeeded by a pope strongly in favour of the Jesuits, Clement XIII.
The Bourbon courts of Naples and Parma followed the example of France and Spain; Clement XIII.
Delisle, L' Apocalypse en Frangais au XIII' siecle, Paris, 1901), which dates back as far as the first half of the 13th century, and in its general tenor represents the height of orthodoxy.
Matins theoretically belongs to midnight, but in Italy it is XIII.
During the Conclave of 1878 he succeeded, by negotiations with Cardinal Pecci (afterwards Leo XIII.), in inducing the Sacred College to remain in Rome, and, after the election of the new pope, arranged for his temporary absence from the Vatican for the purpose of settling private business.
xiii.; Sir G.
68; Folklore, xiii.
Bolton in the American Historical Review, (1907-1908), xiii.
The teaching rather breathes the atmosphere of the fourth gospel, which sets the Last Supper before the feast of the Passover (xiii.
Analysis (Jena, 1851), chap. xiii.
A French translation of the Chronicon is in tome xiii.
P. Mowbray, Critic, 41, P. 308; " Isabella Valency Crawford," In Poet Lore (Boston), Xiii.
From Charles XIII.
the parallel in xiii.
In Order To Restore The Equinox To Its Former Place, Pope Gregory Xiii.
At Length Pope Gregory Xiii.
For the Revolutionary Calendar see French Revolution ad fin The principal works on the calendar are the following: Clavius Romani Calendarii a Gregorio Xiii.
On the death of his father, James Stuart (whose affairs he had managed during the last five years of his life), Henry made persistent attempts to induce Pope Clement XIII.
The next pope, Paul V., created him archbishop of Rhodes in 1607, and appointed him as nuncio to Flanders and afterwards to France; on his return to Rome in 1621 he was created cardinal and entrusted by Louis XIII.
- All the earlier works on Mazarin, and early accounts of his administration, of which the best were Bazin's Histoire de France sous Louis XIII.
12 and xiii.
Yet the Spanish people honoured him as a saint; Gregory XIII.
He was chosen German king at Worms in 961, crowned at Aix-la-Chapelle on the 26th of May 961, and on the 25th of December 967 was crowned joint emperor at Rome by Pope John XIII.
'" (Prologue, 223 f.) One of the finest productions of Anglo-Norman lyric poetry written in the end of the 13th century, is the Plainte d'amour (Vising, Goteborg, 1905; Romania xiii.
5 or xiii.
In October of the same year he succeeded to the archbishopric. Pope Leo XIII.
More was beatified by Leo XIII.
In 1879 Pope Leo XIII.
This would be no sufficient address for an epistolary writing (xiii.
22) directed to a definite circle of readers, to whose history repeated reference is made, and with whom the author had personal relations (xiii.
Yet it was perhaps, like those named by Origen, only an inference from the epistle itself, as if a "word of exhortation" (xiii.
Yet the epistle has manifest Pauline affinities, and can hardly have originated beyond the Pauline circle, to which it is referred not only by the author's friendship with Timothy (xiii.
As to its first readers, with whom the author stood in close relations (xiii.
The whole Hellenistic culture of the epistle (let alone its language), and the personal references in it, notably that to Timothy in xiii.
More personal epilogue (xiii.).
practical disuse of the distinctively Christian means of grace, as compared with those recognized by Judaism, and such conformity to the latter as would make the reproach of the Cross to cease (xiii.
Hence the moral of his whole argument as to the two covenants, though it is formulated only incidentally amid final detailed counsels (xiii.
For this the time was now ripe; and in it lay the true path of safety - eternal safety as before God, whatever man might say or do (xiii.
The obscure section, xiii.
Over against this view, which might well grow up among the Jews of the Dispersion as a sort of substitute for the possibility of offering sacrifices in the Temple - but which would be a lame addition to the Christianity of their own former leaders (xiii.
This means that suffering for Christianity, at least in respect of possessions (xiii.
34) and social standing, was imminent for those addressed: and it seems as if they were mostly men of wealth and position (xiii.
32 f.); but others had recently been harassed even to the point of imprisonment (xiii.
For Rome there is more to be said, in view of the references to Timothy and to "them of Italy" (xiii.
a house-church of upper-class Jewish Christians, not fully in touch with the attitude even of their own past and present "leaders" (xiii.
7, 17), as distinct from the local church generally (xiii.
8), and more briefly in two passages of his Antiquities (xiii.
died suddenly on the 16th of September 1394, and the Avignon cardinals immediately elected the Spaniard Pedro de Luna as anti-pope (under the title of Benedict XIII.), Boniface IX.
Later his attitude changed; and the protracted negotiations for a conference with Benedict XIII.
At the same period, the relations of Benedict XIII.
In that country, Benedict it became more and more manifest that Benedict XIII.
In May 1408 France withdrew from his obedience; and it was not long before French policy succeeded in effecting a reconciliation and understanding between the cardinals of Benedict XIII.
The council declared that it was canonically convened, ecumenical, and representative of the whole Catholic Church; then proceeded immediately to the trial and deposition of Benedict XIII.
is still perpetuated by the Appartamenta Borgia, decorated by Pinturicchio with magnificent frescoes, and since restored by Leo XIII.
This universal outburst of energy for the restoration of Catholicism, which only came to a standstill in the middle of the 17th century, found one of its Gregory most zealous promotors in Ugo BoncompagniXIII., Pope Gregory XIII.
(1740-1758) found stamped paper a failure; and Clement XIII.
The following years of Leo XIII.'s pontificate only tended to increase their dissatisfaction.
But at last Leo XIII.
could Leo XIII.
How proud Leo XIII.
But this attitude was adopted by Leo XIII.
Thus slowly, but yet deliberately, between 1887 and 1893, a transformation took place in Leo's spirit and policy, and with Leo XIII.
In his first encyclical, Leo XIII.
The pontificate of Leo XIII.
No one will be so foolish or so unjust as to hold Leo XIII.
To have revived it, and to have carried it out as far as is possible, was the work of Leo XIII.
He hinted that the work of Leo XIII.
On surveying the situation, certain weak points in the policy of the Vatican under Leo XIII.
On the 3rd of March 1903 Leo XIII.
So far as politics are concerned this sentiment was practically confined to certain classes, which saw their traditional advantages threatened by the revolutionary tendencies of the times; and the alliance between the throne and the altar, by confusing the interests of the papacy with those of political parties, tended - as Leo XIII.
(3) The Pontifical Commission for the reunion of the dissident Churches, established by Leo XIII.
Thus the hierarchy was re-established in England in 1850 by Pius IX., in 1878 by Leo XIII.
Roscher's Lexikon der Mythologie; Campbell Bonner, in Harvard Studies, xiii.
and xiii.; A.
So far as the records show, Pope John XIII.
Two centuries after the death of the Gracchi Pliny saw some of their autograph writings in his preceptor's library (xiii.
It may be added that a special interest attaches to his account of the manufacture of the papyrus (xiii.
To this Baius submitted; though certain indiscreet utterances on the part of himself and his supporters led to a renewal of the condemnation in 1579 by Gregory XIII.
Co.) Orders Of Knighthood When orders ceased to be fraternities and became more and more marks of favour and a means of recognizing meritorious 1 Lecoy de la Marche (Chaire francaise au moyen age, 2nd ed., p. 387) gives many instances to prove that " al chevalerie, au xiii e siècle, est déjà sur son declin."
in 1572 as a military and religious order, and the following year it was united to that of St Lazarus by Gregory XIII.
The cross Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice, instituted by Leo XIII.
xiii.); in other utterances its consummation is connected with Christ's own return, His Parousia (Matt.
3, 37, 39), the time of which, however, is unknown even to Himself (Mark xiii.
1-14) and universal (xiii.
The following societies are engaged in home as well as foreign missions: XIII.
When, not long after, they started on a joint mission beyond Syria, Mark went as their assistant, undertaking the minor personal duties connected with travel, as well as with their work proper (xiii.
aleppica, 2 ft., XIII.
Brit., 9th ed., xiii.
16 - xiii.), reigned about two years (918-915 B.C.).
He wandered over Europe in disguise, alienating the friends and crushing the hopes of his party; and in 1766, on returning to Rome at the death of his father, he was treated by Pope Clement XIII.
Soc. (1820), xiii.
Aarssens, the strongest advocate of the French alliance, passed away in 1641, and his death was quickly followed by those of Richelieu and Louis XIII.
Its conspicuous character is attested by a well-known passage in the Iliad (xiii.
34 seq.; Aeschylus, Prometheus Vinctus, 351 seq.; Strabo xiii.
In Joshua xiii.
Moab thus retained its independence, even harrying Israel with marauding bands (2 Kings xiii.
Youngest daughter of Ptolemy XIII.
Paris in Romania, xiii.
Innocent XIII >>
The "leaders" who are mentioned three times in Hebrews xiii.
28); "He that toucheth pitch shall be defiled" (xiii.
xiii.); but the same argument would prove that the book of Esther was written before Ezra.