Its most important industrial establishments are the mirror manufactory of St Gobain and the chemical works at Chauny, and the workshops and foundries of Guise, the property of an association of workpeople organized on socialistic lines and producing iron goods of various kinds.
Bourg is the capital and Belley is the seat of a bishop. Jujurieux, in the arrondissement of Nantua, has the most important silk factory in the department, occupying over 1000 workpeople.
A noteworthy feature is the attention paid by the manufacturers to the well-being of their workpeople.
It employs about 12,000 workpeople, and produces about three-fourths of the watches sold in France.
In large industrial centres there are also industrial courts to deal with disputes between employers and workpeople.
Over 60,000 workpeople are employed in the glass industry.
Its dirty and irregular streets are inhabited by a scanty population of workpeople, and its interest lies mainly in its ancient fortifications.
The independent system of motors is generally adopted, because it is found more economical and better for driving purposes, besides dispensing with the overhead shafting and belting, always unsightly, and dangerous to the workpeople.
Of the total number of workpeople, 529,131 were employed in England and Wales, 14,805 in Scotland and 212 in Ireland.
The most important manufacturing interest in England was paralysed by the loss of the raw cotton, which was obtained almOst exclusively from the United States, and tens of thousands of workpeople were thrown out of employment.
Its dirty and irregular streets are inhabited by a scanty population of workpeople, and its interest lies mainly in its ancient fortifications (see Fortification And Siegecraft) which, for completeness and strength, are unique in France and probably in Europe.
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