Are all aspects of visuo-spatial cognition equally impaired in Williams Syndrome?
People with Williams syndrome are socially fearless, impulsive, erratic, and highly empathic, but they're excessively anxious about non-social situations.
In addition, a child with Williams syndrome often exhibits sloping shoulders or an elongated neck.
Many individuals with Williams syndrome have heart disorders, typically supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS), which is a narrowing of the aorta.
Poor muscle tone and problems with the skeletal joints become evident as a child with Williams syndrome moves into adolescence.
By the time a child with Williams syndrome is ready to enter school, mild to severe learning difficulties may appear, including impulsiveness and poor concentration.
In the later elementary school years, a child with Williams syndrome may be more adept at producing language than at comprehending it.
Throughout childhood, the child with Williams syndrome may exhibit deficits in the ability to reason and in self-help skills.
Special care needs to be taken when children with Williams syndrome are given anesthesia.
After reviewing the child's medical and family history, physical condition, and observing the child's behavior, a specialist in birth defects may identify Williams syndrome.
There was as of 2004 no known way to prevent Williams syndrome.
Children with Williams syndrome usually grow up physically healthy as long as they receive treatment for any problems, especially cardiac problems, that arise.
The amount of independence that a child with Williams syndrome will eventually be able to achieve usually depends on the particular symptoms of that child.
Journey from Cognition to Brain to Gene: Perspectives from Williams Syndrome.
Fulfilling Dreams: A Handbook for Parents of Children with Williams Syndrome.
Clawson, MI: Williams Syndrome Association, 2000.
Some severely mentally impaired children who also have hydrocephalus or Williams syndrome may acquire exceptional conversational language skills, sometimes called the "chatterbox syndrome."
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