SALEM, the capital of Oregon, U.S.A., and the county-seat of Marion county, on the east bank of the Willamette river, 52 m.
The city is in the centre of the Willamette Valley, a rich farming and fruit-growing country.
Salem is the seat of Willamette University (Methodist Episcopal, 1844), an outgrowth of the mission work of the Methodist Episcopal church begun in 1834 about 10 m.
canal) from the Santiam, an affluent of the Willamette river.
The city is a market for the produce of the Willamette Valley.
of its confluence with the Willamette, and 8 m.
by the Willamette Valley, a region about 200 m.
The Calapooya Mountains, forming the water-parting between the Willamette and the Umpqua rivers, are a lateral spur of the Cascades, and extend westward as far as the Coast Range.
The Willamette river, W.
From the coast to the eastern base of the Cascade Mountains the state is heavily timbered, except in small prairies and clearings in the Willamette and other valleys, and the most important tree is the great Douglas fir, pine or spruce (Pseudotsuga Douglasii), commonly called Oregon pine, which sometimes grows to a height of 300 ft., and which was formerly in great demand for masts and spars of sailing-vessels and for bridge timbers; the Douglas fir grows more commercial timber to the acre than any other American variety, and constitutes about five-sevenths of the total stand of the state.
In the Willamette Valley the soils are mostly clay loams, of a basaltic nature on the foothills and greatly enriched in the river bottom lands by washings from the hills and by deposits of rich black humus.
The dairy business is a promising industry in the farming regions, especially in the Willamette Valley.
The cultivation of hops was begun in Oregon about 1850; the soil and climate of the Willamette Valley were found to be exceedingly favourable to their growth, and the product increased to 20,500,000 lb in 1905, when the state ranked first in the Union in this industry.
up the Willamette river, is a channel which in 1909 was navigable (20-22 ft.
From the mouth of the Willamette river vessels of light draft ascend the Columbia (passing the Cascade Falls through a lock canal, which was opened in 1896 and has a depth of 8 ft., a width of 92 ft.
The Willamette river is navigable to Harrisburg, 152 m.
The beginning of railway building in Oregon was delayed a few years by a contest between parties desiring a line on the east side of the Willamette river and parties desiring one on the west side.
The principal railways are: that of the Oregon Railroad & Navigation Company (controlled by the Union Pacific), which crosses the north-eastern corner of the state and then runs along the bank of the Columbia river to Portland; three lines of the Southern Pacific in the Willamette Valley, the main line connecting Portland with San Francisco; the Astoria & Columbia River, connecting Portland and Astoria; the Coos Bay, Roseburg & Eastern Railroad & Navigation Company (owned by the Southern Pacific), connecting Coos Bay with one of the Southern Pacific lines; and the Corvallis & Eastern (owned by the Southern Pacific), connecting Yaquina Bay with all three lines of the Southern Pacific. Throughout the Cascade Mountain Region and the great semi-arid region east of those mountains, which together embrace more than two-thirds of the state's area, there is not a railway.
There are four customs districts: southern Oregon, with Coos Bay as the port of entry; Willamette, with Portland as the port of entry; Oregon, with Astoria as the port of_entry; and Yaquina, at the mouth of the Yaquina river.
Philomath College (United Brethren, 1866), at Philomath; and Willamette University (Methodist Episcopal, 1844), at Salem.
In 1811 the Pacific Fur Company, a kind of western division of the American Fur Company, founded a trading post at the mouth of the Columbia which they called Astoria, and set up a number of minor posts on the Willamette, Spokane and Okanogan rivers.
1845) and his nephew, Daniel Lee, went to Oregon as Methodist missionaries, and with McLoughlin's assistance they established missions in the Willamette valley.
The original White Stag brand began with the Willamette Tent and Awning Company in Portland, Oregon.
The Argyle Chardonnay is grown on hillside slopes in Oregon's Willamette Valley and fermented with select yeast strains and malo-lactic finish.
It's a boutique winery founded by Donald Olson, M.D., and he primarily handcrafts wines from Pinot Noir in small lots from selected vineyards throughout the Willamette Valley and other parts of Oregon.
It also crosses the border into Washington's Columbia Valley, a region that is dry and extreme in comparison to Willamette Valley.
An example would be to taste various Oregon's Willamette Valley Pinot Noirs and judge the individual wineries on their achievements.
It was in the 1960's when modern wine making became a part of the Oregon agriculture and now there are over 300 wineries in the Willamette Valley alone.
Speaking of the Willamette Valley, this American Viticulture Area (AVA) produces the most Pinot Noir of all the Appellations in the country.
Oregon's climate for growing Pinot Noir, especially in the Willamette Valley, is perfect.
The Willamette Valley lies to the west of this mountain range, which is why the weather stays relatively cool -- the climate the Pinot grape loves.
If the wine on the list is a little too pricey for you, here's a helpful hint: most of the Pinots above come from the Willamette Valley, so look for other, less expensive bottles of Pinot produced in the same region.
There are over 300 wineries in the Willamette Valley and just about every single one produces a Pinot, so you should have no trouble finding a moderately priced bottle.
In the United States, it is believed that the plants may be grown successfully and consistently in the Willamette Valley of Oregon.
Biggio-Hamina Cellars in Oregon is an up and coming winemaker who makes some affordable wines, including a $25 Willamette Valley Pinot Noir and a $17 Pinot Grigio.