Voting Sentence Examples
The right of voting being confined to members of the Communist party, the Government represented by no means one really elected by universal suffrage but rather a dictatorship of the lower classes.
In the Terror the number of those voting averaged only 250.
Even voting for the right is doing nothing for it.
They were defeated on the second reading of the bill, Gladstone voting with them.
On the 6th of December he protested with three other peers against the measure sent up from the Commons enforcing the disarming of all convicted recusants and taking bail from them to keep the peace; he was the only peer to dissent from the motion declaring the existence of an Irish plot; and though believing in the guilt and voting for the death of Lord Stafford, he interceded, according to his own account, 3 with the king for him as well as for Langhorne and Plunket.Advertisement
Of the voting population 53.2% of native white, and 37.3% of coloured Cuban citizens, and 71.6% of Spanish citizens could read.
An educational test (dating from 1857) is exacted for the privilege of voting, every voter being required to be able to read the constitution of the commonwealth in the English language, and to write his name.
Naturally, however, as the ideals of the members of the party are the same, the members of the Labour party will be generally found voting together on all important divisions, the chief exception being with regard to free trade or protection.
When the voting for vicepresident began his victory was at once apparent and he was nominated by acclamation.
The present constitution, as amended, prescribes that no convention of the people of the state may be called by the legislature unless by the concurrence of two-thirds of all the members of each house followed by an affirmative vote of a majority of the electors voting on the question; and that an amendment to the constitution may be adopted only by a three-fifths vote of each house followed by an affirmative vote of the majority of electors voting on the question.Advertisement
In its earlier history the sect opposed voting or taking any active part in political affairs, but these restrictions have quite generally disappeared.
If the answer was in the affirmative, a day was fixed for the voting in the eighth prytany.
Saturninus ordered the voting to continue, and Caepio dispersed the meeting by violence.
Antonius the orator was elected without opposition; the other government candidate, Gaius Memmius, who seemed to have the better chance of success, was beaten to death by the hired agents of Saturninus and Glaucia, while the voting was actually going on.
One of the tribunes even threatened to put his veto on the bill, which was withdrawn before the voting took place.Advertisement
A secretary or " clerk," as he is called, acts as chairman or president; there are no formal resolutions; and there is no voting or applause.
From the outset, voting by count of heads had been superseded by voting according to nations, i.e.
For the revision of the constitution it is necessary that two-thirds of the members elected to each house of the legislature vote for the call of a constitutional convention, that a majority of all electors voting at the next general election approve the call for the convention, and that the convention consist of as many members as the house of representatives, who shall be chosen in the same manner, and shall meet within three months after the general 1 At International Falls on Rainy River and at Duluth on the St Louis immense water-power is utilized for manufacturing.
He expressed himself plainly during the canvass on the questions of slavery and the bank, at the same time voting, perhaps with a touch of bravado, for a bill offered in 1836 to subject abolition literature in the mails to the laws of the several states.
He was lodged in `the Louvre, received the grant of an income equal to that he had hitherto enjoyed, and, with the title of "veteran pensioner" in lieu of that of "foreign associate" (conferred in 1772), the right of voting at the deliberations of the Academy.Advertisement
He soon saw that this would be impossible unless there were a general reform of all institutions, and therefore gave his support to the policy of the advanced party in the Assembly, denouncing the conduct of Louis XVI., and on the 10th of August 1792 voting in favour of his deposition.
Elected to the Convention, he sat in the centre, "le Marais," voting in the trial of Louis XVI.
Examples of acts of indemnity are two private acts passed in 1880 to relieve Lords Byron and Plunket from the disabilities and penalties to which they were liable for sitting and voting in the House of Peers without taking the oath.
Amendments to the constitution must be passed by both houses of the General Assembly at two consecutive sessions, and must then be ratified by three-fifths of the electors of the state present and voting thereon in town and ward meetings.
After petition signed by a number of voters not less than 25% of the number voting at the preceding municipal election, any member of the council may be removed by popular vote, to which all public franchises must be submitted, and by which the council may be compelled to pass any law or ordinance.Advertisement
At the confirmation of his election counsel was instructed to object to it, and in the voting the chapter was divided.
The present one admits of amendment by a vote of a majority of the members of both houses of the legislature, followed by a majority vote of the electors in the state voting on the amendment; and by this process it was amended in 1868, 1880, 1884 and 1904.
Since 1896 there has been a strong independent movement in politics, marked by the organization of a League for Better City Government (1896) and a Municipal League (1900), and by the organization of postal primaries to secure the co-operation of electors pledged to independent voting.
The same method of voting has been adopted in about two-thirds of the townships of the state.
In 1881 a local option law was passed, by which the granting of licences for the sale of liquor was confined to cities and towns voting at the annual election to authorize their issue.
In 1888 the number of licences to be granted in municipalities voting in favour of their issue was limited to one for each moo inhabitants, except in Boston, where one licence may be issued for every 500 inhabitants.
He was a member of the commission which revised the California code in 1873 and of the Electoral Commission in 1877, voting in favour of Tilden.
He had enunciated in his theses the far-reaching new principle that the congregation, and not the hierarchy, was the representative of the Church; and he sought henceforward to reorganize the Swiss constitution on the principles of representative democracy so as to reduce the wholly disproportionate voting power which, till then, the Forest Cantons had exercised.
But as the idea that bishops were successors of the apostles came to prevail, presbyters, though sharing in the deliberations, gradually ceased to share in the voting; while synods insensibly acquired more and more coercive control over the churches of the area represented.
Under the first constitution there were property qualifications for voting which amounted in the election of the governor and senators to a freehold estate worth boo ($500) and in the election of assemblymen to a freehold estate worth X20.
Hoffman, for governor, and by the issue of false naturalization papers and fraudulent voting in New York City on a gigantic scale Hoffman was chosen governor and the electoral vote was cast for Seymour.
This was, however, far from satisfying the parties of the extreme Left, and the strength of Social Democracy in Saxony was even more strikingly displayed in 1909 when, in spite of plural voting, under a complicated franchise, 25 Socialist members were returned to the Saxon diet.
It might have been expected that the concession of universal suffrage in the case of the House of Deputies would have led to the abolition of the class system of voting for the legislative bodies of the several territories and the introduction of an equal franchise, and also to the doing away with the three-class system of voting - established on the Prussian model - in the case of the election of municipal representatives.
Since the last election in the spring of 1908 the Bohemian Diet had been unworkable, eventually owing to obstruction on the part of the Germans, who saw themselves handed over hopelessly to the Czech majority, until a rearrangement of the voting groups (curiae) should afford them protection against Czech oppression.
This measure was opposed to many of the dearest beliefs and feelings of Palmer, and he evidenced his disapproval by abstaining from voting on the resolutions.
The right of suffrage is confined by the constitution to males twenty-one years of age, who are citizens of the United States or have declared their intention of becoming citizens, and who have resided in the state one year, in the county six months, and in the voting precinct ninety days preceding the election.
The presiding officers were at first the kings, but in historical times the ephors, and the voting was conducted by shouts; if the president was doubtful as to the majority of voices, a division was taken and the votes were counted.
Any subdistrict, town or city of the fifth or sixth class may provide for a graded school by voting for an ad valorem and poll tax which is limited as to amount.
This diet was on the old Swedish model, consisting of representatives of the four estates - nobility, clergy, burghers and peasants - sitting and voting in separate " Houses."
Each of the names submitted must have received the support of two-thirds of the members, voting in a secret ballot.
These two bodies nominally formed the legislature, the Tribunate merely discussing the bills sent to it by an important body, the Council of State; while the Corps Legislatif, sitting in silence, heard them defended by councillors of state and criticized by members of the Tribunate; thereupon it passed or rejected such proposals by secret voting.
The new constitution was promulgated on the 15th of December 1799 and in a plebiscite held during January 1800 it received the support of 3,011,007 voters, only 1562 persons voting against it.
Official nominees are as a rule returned without any opposition, the details of the voting having been previously arranged by the local authorities in conformity with instructions from headquarters.
But in spite of the fiasco of the Irish Councils Bill (1907), the struggles over education (Mr Birrell's bill of 1906 being dropped on account of the Lords' amendments), the rejection by the peers of the Plural Voting Abolition Bill (1906), and the failure (again due to the Lords) of the Scottish Small Holdings Bill and Valuation Bill (1907), which at the time made his premiership appear to be a period of bitter and unproductive debate, a good many reforming measures of some moment were carried.
His own special "leads" were few, owing to the personal reasons given above; his declaration at the Queen's Hall, London, early in 1907, in favour of drastic land reform, served only to encourage a number of extremists; and the Liberal enthusiasm against the House of Lords, violently excited in 1 9 06 by the fate of the Education Bill and Plural Voting Bill, was rather damped than otherwise, when his method of procedure by resolution of the House of Commons was disclosed in 1907.
But the consistency of his conduct, especially in voting for Prince Louis Napoleon as president, was often and sharply criticized, one of the criticisms leading to a duel with a fellow-deputy, Bixio.
It therefore either usurped, or became gradually invested with voting powers, and gained a range of power which for two centuries (508-287 B.C.) made it the dominant assembly in the state.
But its aristocratic organization, based as this was on property qualifications which gave the greatest voting power to the richest men, prevented it from being a fitting channel for the expression of plebeian claims. Hence the plebs adopted a new political organization of their own.
The newer scheme aimed at a greater equality of voting power; but it has been differently interpreted.
The concilium plebis, although voting, like this last assembly, by tribes, could be summoned and presided over only by plebeian magistrates, and never included the patricians.
There was a body of rules governing the comitia which were concerned with the time and place of meeting, the forms of promulgation and the methods of voting.
The voting was preceded by a contio at which a limited debate was permitted by the magistrate.
In the assemblies of the curiae and the tribes the voting of the groups took place simultaneously, in that of the centuries in a fixed order.
Their citizens were called upon to pay the same dues and perform the same service in the legions as full Roman citizens, but were deprived of the chief privileges of citizenship, those of voting in the Comitia (jus suffragii), and of holding Roman magistracies (jus honorum).
That system recognized the municeps as at once a citizen of a self-governing city community, and a member of the city of Rome, his dual capacity being illustrated by his right of voting both in the election of Roman magistrates and in the election of magistrates for his own town.
Both classes were liable to civic burdens, but the incolae had none of the privileges of citizenship except a limited right of voting.
Comparing the old constitutions with the new ones, it may be said that the note of those enacted in the first thirty or forty years of the republic was their jealousy of executive power and their careful safeguarding of the rights of the citizen; that of the second period, from 1820 to the Civil War (186165), the democratization of the suffrage and of institutions generally; that of the third period (since the war to the present day), a disposition to limit the powers and check the action of the legislature, and to commit power to the hands of the whole people voting at the polls.
Certain terms of residence within the United States, in the state, and in the voting district are generally prescribed, the periods varying from state to state.
Nine states allow voting rights to aliens who have declared their intention to become citizens, and in some they can as taxpayers vote on financial matters submitted to a special vote.
There is a similar committee system, but the Senate committees and their chairmen are chosen, not by the presiding officer, but by the Senate itself voting by ballot.
If no person have such majority, the president is chosen by the House of Representatives voting by states, and the vice-president is chosen by the Senate.
The polling for electors takes place early in November on the same day over the whole union, and when the result is known the contest is over, because the subsequent meeting and voting of the electors is a mere matter of form.
The whites of Alabama therefore stayed away from the polls, and, after five days of voting, the constitution wanted 13,550 to secure a majority.
He favoured the annexation of Texas, supported the Polk administration on the issues of the Mexican War and the Oregon boundary controversy, and though voting for the admission of free California demanded national protection for slavery.
A two-thirds majority was necessary for conviction; and the votes being 35 to 19 (7 Republicans and 12 Democrats voting in his favour on the crucial clauses) he was acquitted.
On the 16th of May, after sessions in which the Senate repeatedly reversed the rulings of the chief justice as to the admission of evidence, in which the president's counsel showed that their case was excellently prepared and the prosecuting counsel appealed in general to political passions rather than to judicial impartiality, the eleventh article was voted on and impeachment failed by a single vote (35 to 19; 7 republicans and 12 democrats voting " Not guilty ") of the necessary two-thirds.
Butler of the prosecuting counsel attempted to prove that corruption had been practised on some of those voting " Not guilty," on the 26th of May a vote was taken on the second and third articles with the same result as on the eleventh article.
It is only necessary here to consider certain important features in the elections, as ordinarily understood, namely, the exercise of the right of voting for political and municipal offices in the United Kingdom and America.
The qualifications for voting, while varying in the different states in details, are in their main features the same throughout the Union.
Residence is also necessary, but for a shorter period, in the county, city or town, or voting precinct.
The object of this reform is to encourage independent voting.
This tendency to vote the entire party ticket is the more pronounced because under the system of voting in use in many of the states all the candidates of the party are arranged on one ticket, and it is much easier to vote a straight or unaltered ticket than to change or " scratch " it.
In fact, presidential elections were often felt to turn on the result in these early voting states, and the party managers were none too scrupulous in the means employed to carry them.
It gave the right of voting to all Dutchmen over twenty-five years of age; who paid 1 fl.
Property and other qualifications kept the voting power in the hands of a limited class.
The maximum voting power of any individual is three votes.
The result of the voting is, 16,000 Catholic votes, 9000 Liberal, 4500 Socialist, and 2500 Catholic-Democrat.
They increased their power considerably by reducing the voting qualification for electors to provincial councils to 20 frs., and to communal councils to 10 frs., and also by recognizing the importance of what was styled " the Flemish Movement."
When Thiers, however, fell from power in May 1873, and a Royalist was placed at the head of the government in the person of Marshal MacMahon, Gambetta gave proof of his statesmanship by unceasingly urging his friends to a moderate course, and by his tact and parliamentary dexterity, no less than by his eloquence, he was mainly instrumental in the voting of the constitution in February 1875.
Fortunately for him, he was too young to be elected deputy to the Convention, and while his father was voting for the death of Louis XVI.
The assembly of notables claimed the right of voting the budget, and thus came into conflict with the foreign controllers who had been appointed to guard the interests of the bondholders in the management of the Egyptian finances.
In this assembly the voting power was somewhat differently distributed; but the attempt to make it bear some proportion to the importance of the various states, worked out so badly that Austria had only four times the voting power of the tiny principality of Liechtenstein.
The parliamentary discussion was very confused; the government eventually accepted an amendment giving them 557,093 for five and a half years instead of the 570,877 asked for; this was rejected by 210 to 162, the greater part of the Centre and of the Radicals voting against it.
The constitutional right of voting money applicable to the common affairs and of its political control is exercised by the Delegations, which consist each of sixty members, chosen for one year, one-third of them by the Austrian Herrenhaus (Upper House) and the Hungarian Table of Magnates (Upper House), and two-thirds of them by the Austrian and the Hungarian Houses of Representatives.
After unsuccessful attempts by the Upper House to introduce plural voting, the bill became law in January 1907, the peers insisting only upon the establishment of a fixed maximum number or numerus clauses, of non-heredi- Genera!
In this session Bright and Cobden came into opposition, Cobden voting for the Maynooth Grant and Bright against it.
The session of 1896-1897 was remarkable for a rapprochement between the ministry and the " Left Reform Party," caused by the secessions of the " Young Right," which led to an unprecedented event in Danish politics - the voting of the budget by the Radical Folketing and its rejection by the Conservative Landsting in May 1897; whereupon the ministry resigned in favour of the moderate Conservative Herring cabinet, which induced the Upper House to pass the budget.
He was one of the 93 dissentient Liberals who by voting against the Liberal Government decided the fate of the Home Rule bill of 1886.
In 1906 the question of uniting Allegheny with Pittsburg under one municipal government was submitted to a joint vote of the electorate of the two cities, in accordance with an act of the state legislature, which had been passed in February of that year, and a large majority voted for the union; but there was determined opposition in Allegheny, every ward of the city voting in the negative; the constitutionality of the act was challenged; the supreme court of the state on the 11th of March 1907 declared the act valid, and on the 18th of November 1907 this decision was affirmed by the Supreme Court of the United States.
The term of senators is four years, that of representatives two years; and in the election of representatives since 1870 there has been a provision for "minority" representation, under which by cumulative voting each voter may cast as many votes for one candidate as there are representatives to be chosen, or he may distribute his votes (giving three votes to one candidate, or 12 votes each to two candidates, or one vote each to three candidates), the candidate or candidates receiving the highest number of votes being elected.
A similar system of cumulative voting for aldermen may be provided for by ordinance of councils in cities organized under the general state law of 1872.
Cannon, were adopted on the 14th of February 1890; they provided that every member must vote, unless pecuniarily interested in a measure, that members present and not voting may be counted for a quorum, and that no dilatory motion be entertained by the speaker.
Out of 332,715 males of voting age (21 years and over), 15,415 were illiterate (unable to write), and of these 14,159 were foreignborn.
The qualifications for suffrage include one year's residence in the state, six months in the county, and one month in the voting district, next before election; idiots, insane persons, convicts, Indians not taxed, minors and women are disqualified; aliens who have declared their intention to become citizens of the United States vote on the same terms as actual citizens.
On the 17th Vergniaud presided at the Convention, and it fell to him, labouring under the most painful excitement, to announce the fatal result of the voting.
In 1900, 6.2% of the males of voting age, and 2.4% of the native-born males of voting age, were illiterate (could not write).
Whenever two-thirds of the members elected to each branch of the legislature vote for a convention to revise or amend the constitution and a majority of the people voting at the next general election favour it, the legislature must provide for calling a convention.
A majority of the members in each house of the General Assembly may at any time propose a convention to revise the constitution and, if at the next succeeding election a majority of the people voting on the question approve, the General Assembly must provide for the election of delegates.
In the national elections of 1860 Virginia returned a majority of unionist electors as against the secession candidates, Breckinridge and Lane, many of the large planters voting for the continuance of the Union, and many of the smaller slave-owners supporting the secessionists.
Those who declined were allowed a life-rent of their revenues and lingered on as a separate but ever-dwindling body till the beginning of the 14th century, when, excluded from voting at the election of the bishop, they disappear from history.
He cannot, therefore, sit in the House of Commons, but there is nothing to prevent a peer who is a priest from sitting and voting in the House of Lords.
Probably no English minister ever received in so short a time so many proofs of the confidence and admiration of the public, the capital and all the chief towns voting him addresses and the freedom of their corporations.
In 1909 a direct primary elections law was passed which required a majority of all votes to nominate, and, to make a majority possible, provided for preferential (or second-choice) voting, such votes to be canvassed and added to the first-choice vote for each candidate if there be no majority by the first-choice vote.
An act of 1889, when the Mormons constituted over 20% of the population, forbade in the case of any who had since the 1st of January 1888 practised, taught, aided or encouraged polygamy or bigamy, their registration or voting until two years after they had taken a test oath renouncing such practices, and until they had satisfied the District Court that in the two years preceding they had been guilty of no such practices.
The estates continued to have the right of voting taxes, but they were specially forbidden to attach any conditions to the grants of money which they made to their sovereign.
They affirmed their right of voting the taxes of the country - a right that was due to them according to the constitution of 1627.
The constitution admits of amendment by an affirmative vote of two-thirds of the members of each house of the legislature, followed at the next succeeding spring or autumn election by an affirmative vote of a majority of the electors voting upon the question; or an amendment may be proposed by an initiative petition signed by more than 20% of the total number of electors who voted for secretary of state at the preceding election, and such an amendment (unless disapproved by a majority vote in a joint meeting of the two houses of the legislature) is submitted to popular 2 In 1909 telegraph and telephone companies were put under the supervision of the same board.
Under the revised constitution of 1908 any bill passed by the legislature and approved by the governor, except appropriation bills, may be referred by the legislature to the qualified electors; and no bill so referred shall become law unless approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon; no local or special act, passed by the legislature, takes effect until it is approved by a majority vote of the electors in the affected district.
Cities and villages are permitted - upon authorization by the affirmative vote of three-fifths of the electors voting on the question - to own and operate, even outside their corporate limits, public utilities for supplying water, light, heat, power and transportation, and may sell and deliver, outside their corporate limits, water, heat, power and light to an amount not more than one-fourth that furnished by them in each case within their corporate limits; but no city or village of less than 25,000 inhabitants may own or operate' transportation facilities.
He also reduced the revolted Sabines to submission; a large portion of their territory was distributed among the Roman citizens, and the most important towns received the citizenship without the right of voting for magistrates (civitas sine sufJragio).
He was not, however, entirely in accord with the more radical members of his own party, and this difference was exemplified in his opposition to the impeachment of President Johnson and subsequently in his voting for Johnson's acquittal.
In every third year one-half of the whole number of aldermen go out of office, and their places are filled by election, which is conducted by means of voting papers.
All questions are determined by the votes of the majority of those present and voting, and in case of equality of votes the chairman has a casting vote.
Questions are determined by the majority present and voting, the chairman having the casting vote.
In 59 Thrasea first openly showed his disgust at the behaviour of Nero and the obsequiousness of the senate by retiring without voting after the emperor's letter justifying the murder of Agrippina had been read.
A resolution was finally adopted by 128 votes to 1, thirty Socialist members abstaining from voting.
A mass meeting of about 5000 citizens of the above-mentioned counties (many of them armed militiamen), at Braddock's Field, on the 1st and 2nd of August 1794, threatened to take possession of Fort Lafayette and to burn Pittsburg, but cooler counsel prevailed, and after voting to proscribe several persons, and marching in a body through the streets of the town, the crowd dispersed without doing any damage.
An amendment may be submitted to the people at the next general election by a two-thirds vote of the members elected to each house of the legislature, and only a majority of the electors voting thereon is required for approval.
Certain questions such as peace and war, voting of subsidies, imposition of taxation, changes in the mode of government, &c., required unanimity of votes.
The franchise was now extended to all citizens, a cumulative voting power being reserved, however, for property, and the peasantry were emancipated from forced labour.
The state convention, after voting against secession, had adjourned, and after various sessions was dissolved in October 1863.
Returning to Marseilles he helped to repress a royalist movement at Avignon and an ultra-Jacobin movement at Marseilles, and was elected deputy to the Convention by 775 votes out of 776 voting.
No question was to be carried unless there were in its favour a majority of the clerical and lay representatives, voting either conjointly or by orders, and also a majority of the bishops, should they desire to vote.
In January 1910 the Prussian policy was again arraigned in the German parliament in connexion with the "Kattowitz incident," Herr von Delbriick justifying the removal of a number of minor officials, for voting for Polish candidates at a municipal election, on the ground that the officials of the empire deserted the ground on which the constitution of the empire rested if they failed to support Prussia in her struggle (The Times, January 13, 1910, 5 d.).
An amendment may be proposed by either branch of the legislature, and, if approved by two-thirds of the members elected to each house as well as by a majority of the electors voting on it at a general election, it is adopted.
He would have liked to make parliament, no doubt, a mere meeting for the voting of taxation with the smallest possible friction.
But the act which provoked the nation most was that he terrified the parliament which met at Shrewsbury in 1398 into voting away its powers to a small committee of ten persons, all creatures of his own.
Commons, voting a small sum as a token of their loyalty, passed to other matters.
When parliament met (1625) the Commons at first contented themselves with voting a sum of money far too small to carry on the extensive military and naval operations in which Charles had embarked.
Members of both houses must be over twenty-five years of age, and parliaments are elected for six years; the suffrage is enjoyed by all male citizens over twentyfive years of age, and voting is by ballot.
When the constitution was submitted to the primary assemblies, most electors held aloof, 1,050,000 voting for and only 5,000 voting against it.
An elector must be able to read or write (unless he or an ancestor was a voter in 1866 or then lived in some foreign nation) and must be 21 years old, and a resident of the state for one year, in the county six months, and in the election precinct 30 days, and women have the privilege of voting at school meetings.
They must not be allowed Principles to anticipate judgment on their deserts by voting each of policy.
In May it was intended to renew the Crimes Prevention Act, but before that was done the government was beaten on a financial question by 264 to 252, Parnell and 39 of his followers voting with the Conservatives.
The local legislature was to consist of two orders sitting and voting together, but with the power of separating on the demand of either order present.
Idiots, insane persons, paupers, convicts and persons convicted of certain crimes (enumerated in the constitution) and not pardoned by the governor are disqualified from registering or voting.
The constitution also provides for the establishment of a new county, " whenever one-third of the qualified electors within the area of each section of an old county proposed to be cut off to form a new county shall petition the governor .for the creation of a new county," whereupon the governor " shall order an election within a reasonable time thereafter," and if two-thirds of the voters vote " yes," the General Assembly at the next session shall establish the new county, provided that no section of a county shall be cut off without the consent of two-thirds of those voting in such section; that no new county " shall contain less than one one hundred and twenty-fourth part of the whole number of inhabitants of the state, nor shall it have less assessed taxable property than one and one-half millions of dollars, nor shall it contain an area of less than four hundred square miles "; and that " no old county shall be reduced to less area than five hundred square miles, to less assessed taxable property than two million dollars, nor to a smaller population than fifteen thousand inhabitants."
Despite the queens express prohibition, the insurrectionary assembly of the Chambre Saint Louis criticized the whole financial system, founded as it was upon usury, claimed the right of voting taxes, respect for individual liberty, and the suppression of the intendants, who were a menace to the new bureaucratic feudalism.
The conflict immediately changed ground, and an engagement began between privilege and the people over the twofold question of the number of deputies and the mode of voting.
Voting by head, and the double representation of the third estate (tiers lat); this was the great revolution; voting by order meant the continued domination of privilege, and the lesser revolution.
The nobility demanded voting by order, the maintenance of their privileges, and, above all, laws to protect them against the arbitrary proceedings of royalty.
The conflict between him and the Assembly immediately broke out, and became acute over the verification of the mandates; the third estate desiring this to be made in common by the deputies of the three orders, which would involve voting by head, the suppression of classes and the preponderance of the third estate.
Parliamentary institutions annulled by the The concomplication of three assembliesthe Council of State aiftutlon which drafted bills, the Tribunate which discUssed oi the them without voting them, and the Legislative year VIII.
In 1857 he broke with President Buchanan and the " administration " Democrats and lost much of his prestige in the South, but partially restored himself to favour in the North, and especially in Illinois, by his vigorous opposition to the method of voting on the Lecompton constitution, which he maintained to be fraudulent, and (in 1858) to the admission of Kansas into the Union under this constitution.
The new cabinet convoked the Cortes elected under the administration of Canovas in 1884, and the Conservative majorities of both houses, at the request of Canovas, behaved very loyally, voting supplies and other bills necessary to enable the government to be carried on until another parliament could be elected in the following year, 1886.
In May the Radicals who followed Mr Bright and Mr Chamberlain, and the Whigs who took their cue from Lord Hartington, decided to vote against the second reading of the Home Rule Bill, instead of allowing it to be taken and then pressing for modifications in committee, and on 7th June the bill was defeated by 343 to 3 1 3, 94 Liberal Unionists - as they were generally called - voting against the government.
A convention for revising or amending the constitution is to be held in case a recommendation to that effect made by the legislature (a three-fifths vote of all the members of each house being required) is accepted by a majority of the electors voting at the next election for members of the legislature, but no amendment agreed upon by the convention is to take effect until approved by a majority of electors voting on it.
Without calling a convention, however, the legislature may, by a threefifths vote of all the members of each house, adopt an amendment, which is to come into effect only if approved by a majority of electors voting at the next election of senators and representatives - the publication of the proposed amendment in some newspaper in each county once a week for three months before the election being required.
The secret ballot was adopted in 1891; the use of the voting machines was authorized in 1899; and the nomination of candidates by primaries was made mandatory in 1907.
He sat in the Cortes Constituyentes of 1869 as a doctrinaire Conservative, combating all Radical and democratic reforms, and defending the exiled Bourbons; but he abstained from voting when the Cortes elected Amadeus king on the 16th of November 1870.
Amendments may be proposed not oftener than once in six years by a majority of the members elected to each house of the legislature, but before they can be adopted they must be agreed to first by two-thirds of the members elected to each house of the next succeeding legislature, and later by a majority of all the citizens of the state voting for representatives at the next regular election.
A homestead of a head of a family to the value of $1000 is exempt from forced sale except for the collection of taxes, debts contracted for its purchase or in making improvements upon it, or fines for voting out of the election district, for carrying concealed weapons, or for giving away or selling intoxicating liquors on election days.
Tennessee was the first of the Confederate states to be readmitted to the Union (July 24, 1866), after ratifying the Constitution of the United States with amendments, declaring the ordinance of secession void, voting to abolish slavery, and declaring the war debt void.
He was on Governer John Letcher's advisory committee of three voting to raise the Merrimack and he became the head of coast, harbour and river defences.
Voting at all duly constituted meetings of the club shall be by a simple majority of the members present.
The man did not refrain from voting.
Will you refrain from voting?
It kept sentenced prisoners from voting.
This tells us that there is still visceral, anti-Tory tactical voting.
Daughter Lindy dodged the mess to some extent by voting absentee and being off in Oregon pursuing the elk.
By voting, you can hold your elected representatives accountable.
The first - voting, or even political activism - is very indirect.
Indeed, a useful side-effect of easier and cheaper voting should be higher voting levels and greater investor activism.
Bob Black once said that the anarchist critique of voting was just a special case of the anarchist critique of voting was just a special case of the anarchist critique of organization.
If voting was eating, it would have to be said the electorate is barely snacking and is looking anorexic.
Among many other innovations are the introduction of transparent ballot boxes, and a provision for future introduction of electronic voting.
The woman who presided over a voting failure that would disgrace a banana republic has gone.
Due to their large numbers they have the potential to be a powerful voting bloc.
A series of union branch meetings will now take place, which will also discuss voting on defending pensions.
The proposed voting rights bylaw requires a two-thirds majority.
Because the MDC here did not nominate candidates for the approaching Senate elections, we will not have any voting.
Here's a real clincher to the line about voting machines being the safest, most secure form of voting ever devised.
The current voting system does command a high degree of public confidence.
It could therefore be expected to set up cognitive dissonance in anyone considering voting conservative.
The limited voting shares will be convertible into ordinary shares at the option of the Company at any time subject to certain conditions.
This right, when exercised, shall be termed cumulative voting.
The doctor's unraveling of the voting man's motives highlights his own internal deconstruction.
Contemptuous of the voting public, our politicians are largely responsible for creating the cynicism that they now decry.
The conference showed defiance by voting in favor of linking the basic pensions with average earnings.
Residents will continue to be included on the electoral roll ensuring they are not disenfranchised from voting in any election or referendum in 2006.
Under the current voting system, a single party can achieve dominance on a council despite securing a minority of the votes cast.
A lord needs to achieve a simple majority of all available voting power to be elected emperor.
In July 2000 the Society's voting members overwhelmingly endorsed a proposal from the Board of Directors to convert to a public limited company.
A few months later, he was made a freeman of the colony, with full voting rights.
I asked a friend once to explain his personal reason in voting for a particular party in last year's general election.
The Southern figures were comparable (if somewhat lower) with voting figures in British general elections, as Post notes.
She helped them flip the giant hourglass to count down the ten minute voting time.
At the time of the voting book 5 wasn't out or it would also have been here, ho hum.
Voters will be asked to enter their security number and voting intention by pressing keys on their phone pad.
Does the absence of clarity increase or decrease the likelihood of voting at all?
Voting at all General Meetings will be by voting card or members may appoint a proxy to vote on their behalf.
Their role is to bring an independent, lay perspective to the board and they have full voting rights on board decisions.
Under the worst-case scenario, the EU can suspend some of the culprit member state's rights, including voting rights.
It means that voting behavior is associated with orientation toward social sues more strongly than is social class self-identification.
Never fear, however, as for this ballot there'll be no controversial postal voting shenanigans.
At our launch event we had a very snazzy kind of ' Who Wants to be a Millionaire ' voting system.
In her maiden speech, she advocated bringing down the voting age of women to twenty-one.
Preferred stockholders typically surrender voting rights in return for priority in dividend payout.
International Committees are given yearly regular subventions based on the number of their voting members.
Our sincere thanks to our fantastic clients for voting for us!
But we are voting on the usless scrolling news ticker at the top of the the webpage page.
The UK is edging ever closer to the government's objective for 60% voting turnout at shareholder meetings.
Just why aren't people voting Conservative when the Prime Minister seemed so unpopular on the run up to the election?
Of all possible voting systems, the single transferable vote gives the maximum power to individual voters over the choice of their local representatives.
And these are some of the same folks who are supposedly evaluating the quality of paperless voting machines?
In fact PRC led a walkout when the voting on speakers was taking place.
On the fall of the Empire he took an active part in politics, was maire of a district of Paris during the siege, and " in 1871 was in the National Assembly, voting as a Moderate Liberal.
The legislature has the right to make the payment of the poll tax a requirement for voting, but no such provision is in force.
All persons otherwise qualified may place their names on the voting register, provided they can read and write any section of the constitution in the English language and have paid on or before the ist of May the poll tax for the previous year.
An amendment may be proposed at any time by either branch of the General Assembly, and if after being approved by three-fifths of the members of both branches it is also approved at a general election by a majority of those voting on the question it is declared adopted; a constitutional convention may be called after a favourable two-thirds vote of the members of each branch of the Assembly and a favourable popular vote - a majority of those voting on the question; and the question of calling such a convention must be submitted to a popular vote at least once every twenty years.
No evidenceof his dishonesty was ever discovered, and Congress recognized the validity of his claims by voting $37,000 to his heirs in 1842.
By an amendment of 1898 an amendment may be suggested by a majority of both houses of the legislature and comes into effect if approved by a majority of all electors voting at the general election at which the amendment is voted upon; if two or more amendments are submitted at the same election voters shall vote for or against each amendment separately.
Voting was to be public, as before, on the ground, according to the Preamble, that " the secret ballot protects electors in dependent positions only in so far as they break their promises under the veil of secrecy."
In September 1889, however, Sir George Grey succeeded in getting parliament to abolish the last remnant of plural voting.
The Polish committee, which had been formed on a political basis, was dissolved after unprecedentedly stormy negotiations, due to discontent at the cession of Chelm (Kholm) to the Ukraine; the Poles threatened the rest of Austria with a boycott of food, and abstained from voting on the budget.
The Constitution requires each state government to direct the choice of, and accredit to the seat of the national government, two senators and so many reptesentatives as the state is (in respect of its population) entitled to send; to provide for the election, meeting and voting of presidential electors in each state, and to transmit their votes to the national capital; to organize and arm the militia forces of the state, which, when duly summoned by the national government for active service, are placed under the command of the president.
A two-thirds majority was necessary for conviction; and the votes being 35 to 1 9 (7 Republicans and 1 2 Democrats voting in his favour on the crucial clauses) he was acquitted.
This system of plural voting has proved a success.
By a two-thirds majority the legislature may recommend that a constitutional convention be called; and if a majority of the electors at the next general election approve, the legislature shall provide for the convention, but the approval of a majority of the electors voting is necessary for ratification of the work of the convention.
In a speech to the House of Representatives at this same time, Congressman Davy Crockett told the story of getting chewed out by a constituent for voting for a $20,000 emergency relief bill for the homeless in a city just wiped out by a fire.
All voting is a sort of gaming, like checkers or backgammon, with a slight moral tinge to it, a playing with right and wrong, with moral questions; and betting naturally accompanies it.
Voting entitlement and quorum requirement shall be the same as for an AGM.
The Member must always declare that they have visited the premises and, if in doubt, should refrain from voting.
Under the worst-case scenario, the EU can suspend some of the culprit member state 's rights, including voting rights.
There 's a strong amount of self-interest involved in the voting patterns of the professions.
Eight other European countries only ban some sentenced prisoners from voting.
In a similar manner, it is possible to allocate the same handset of voting equipment to a student.
Georgia is the first state in the country to implement a uniform statewide, computerized touch-screen voting system.
A fairer voting system - to allow smaller parties to break the stranglehold of the current two-party system.
Our sincere thanks to our fantastic clients for voting for us !
The UK is edging ever closer to the government 's objective for 60% voting turnout at shareholder meetings.
Just why are n't people voting Conservative when the Prime Minister seemed so unpopular on the run up to the election?
This tells us that there is still visceral anti-Tory tactical voting.
Present security concerns around electronic voting and fraud are acknowledged in the report, but the watchword for the future of voting is Ã¢choiceÃ¢.
Voting is slated to begin on February 1, 2010.
The judges will determine who goes home each week until week seven - when you start voting for your favorite designer!
Included in the challenges will be makeovers for four viewers homes (HGTV viewers have been voting for these homes since March).
This time, the viewers will decide who the last man (or woman) standing should be by voting on HGTV.com for their favorite Design Star.
As a young adult you start voting, go to college or begin working at a more professional job, and build your own household.
The main purpose of the districts is for voting and election purposes within the organization.
Destiny's Child named their third album Survivor as a nod to joke about them "voting" members "off the island" after the departure of Luckett, Roberson, and Franklin from the group.
Like most reality contest shows, each week offers different celebrity dance segments, with viewers and judges voting on each.
There was also considerable fan discontent with the new voting system.
Many believed there was a flaw in the voting system, and speculations of racism began when three African-American women, Latoya London, Hudson, and Fantasia Barrino, were in the bottom three.
Further fueling Hudson's departure was a power outage in her hometown of Chicago on voting night.
Other celebs include Ben Affleck, Jack Black, Russell Simmons and Oprah Winfrey, among others, but there really is no telling whether or not encouragement from celebrities actually gets young adults out and voting.
The reason why it's so complicated is because it's possible that a couple of things are attributed to the higher number of 18-29 year olds voting.
Diddy, please, please, continue to get the word out on the importance of the youth of the country voting, endorse whomever it is you wish to endorse and let the world know, that's cool.
As all competitive reality shows do, America's Got Talent features a panel of judges who are in place to weed out the great performers until the voting is turned over to viewers to decide on their favorites.
The People's Choice Awards 2002 were decided by online voting.
The voting was very equally distributed around the television dial.
By conducting the voting online the awards encouraged younger fans to vote, making the results representative of the targeted demographic.
In 2005 the Gallup Pool was eliminated and online voting was implemented in its place.
Keeping fans involved in the voting process ensures that the awards themselves are presented to those celebrities who have made the biggest impact on the general public.
Early entries are encouraged and can participate in on-line voting in 2006.
Every time you select a Fair Trade product over others, you are voting with your dollars.
Using a system of voting weighed with player actions, the overall storyline progresses and evolves based on what the game's characters do.
The console offers Wii channels you can use for photos, messaging, surfing the web, weather, news and voting on polls.
CensusDiggins.com - Search civil war, census, marriage, death, voting, and will records on this website.
The citizens approved the bridge bond issue exceeding the required two-thirds required majority with a vote of 145,697 in favor and 47,005 voting against.
The top ten cities being named until voting ended with the top two.
Prior to 1935, it's interesting to note that write-in candidates were allowed if those on the voting committee felt someone of accomplishment had been omitted from the nominations.
The fourteen-hour documentary series focuses on the years 1954 to 1985, spanning the time between the day that Rosa Parks refused to go to the back of the bus in Montgomery through the passing of the Voting Rights Act.
SoapZone offers other features including communities for other soap operas, the voting booth where registered members can create and vote in polls.
With fans and magazine readers doing the voting, these awards stand out as being truly representative of viewer favorites.
In 2001 the voting switched to being handled online, and in 2005, voting for the Soap Opera Digest Award winners was done exclusively through the magazine.
You can go through flipbooks or enjoy voting for your favorite tattoos on polls.
Users are able to rate the documents provided via a voting system.
Season 1 of American Idol was the only season in which two members of the top 10 were voted off in the same week, when EJay Day and Jim Verranos were eliminated in the first round of voting.
After season 2, American Idol changed their voting system to avoid any future confusion.
It is a voting system that runs on Windows which lets the public vote through their modem.
If they see one of their favorites is low on the polls, they can send votes their way, rather than voting for another one of their favorites who appears to be easily getting enough votes to stay in the competition.
In the 6th week of the voting competition, Hudson received the most votes for a stirring rendition of The Circle of Life by Elton John.
It is best to forgo any sort of "voting off" process.
They also take a toll emotionally, allowing themselves to be vulnerable on a national stage while America criticizes their performances through a simple voting system.
Voting Room - The losing team goes into the voting room every week to decide which team member to kick off.
Viewers can participate in who won The Biggest Loser by voting from home, competing in fitness competitions through The Biggest Loser Club and more.
The talent show uses dial-in voting by the fans to determine the winner by popular vote.
During the course of the show, contestants are segregated into tribes and are eliminated via voting that is done by fellow tribe members at "tribal councils."
Viewer voting is no longer part of the show.
Once the group challenge is complete, contestants begin a voting process to determine which two team members (one male and one female) will face off in the dueling circle.
The "immune" contestant then begins the voting process, which determines who will face off in the dueling circle.
The winner is then determined by viewer voting.
There is no voting process or elimination like other competition reality shows; generally, everyone on the show stays until the next week.
With two idols, it appeared that the other castaways would have a tough time voting him out.
Viewers quickly develop favorites, and become enabled to be part of the show by voting.
Knowing who got voted off Survivor last night won't help you much if you don't really understand who the voting process works.
The details of voting change slightly as the show progresses.
The app itself is free, but text messaging charges may apply for voting.
The basic idea behind a reality TV show search is to combine the opinions of industry judges with viewer voting to discover new and untapped talent.
The voting is usually done by the other teams, although sometimes losing teams are asked to decide which of their members will be eliminated.
Even the "Diamond" award was usually easy to achieve by having friends voting multiple times on the IAWMD site.
He represented New Jersey in the first and second Continental Congresses (1774,1775-1776), but left Philadelphia in June 1776, probably to avoid voting on the question of adopting the Declaration of Independence, which he regarded as inexpedient.
When ministers and elders are associated in the membership of a church court their equality is admitted; no such idea as voting by orders is ever entertained.
To secure election a candidate must at the first voting poll an absolute majority and a number of votes equal to one-fourth of the number of electors.
The governor is aided by a privy council, an advisory body to which the governor nominates a minority of unofficial members, and a council general, to which is confided the control of local affairs, including the voting of the budget.
The Russians in Turkestan form only about 5% of the total pop., and since most of the rural Mussulman pop. take no part in the voting, the country is governed to all intents and purposes by men elected by the very small proportion of Russians of the lower classes living in the towns.
In the college itself the voting - secret and by ballot throughout - is by majority; and since this majority consists, under the actual system, of very conservative elements (the landowners and urban delegates having 8ths of the votes), the progressive elements - however much they might preponderate in the country - would have no chance of representation at all save for the curious provision that one member at least in each government must be chosen from each of the five classes represented in the college.
The rejection, ostensibly attributed in large part to Van Buren's instructions to Louis McLane, the American minister to England, regarding the opening of the West India trade, in which reference had been made to the results of the election of 1828, was in fact the work of Calhoun, the vice-president; and when the vote was taken enough of the majority refrained from voting to produce a tie and give Calhoun his longed-for "vengeance."
Chase and Judge John C. Underwood constituted the United States circuit court sitting for Virginia before which the case was brought in December 1868; the court was divided, the chief justice voting to sustain the motion and Underwood to overrule it.
It granted, manhood suffrage, it is true, but hedged with so many qualifying conditions and complicated with so elaborate a system of plural voting as to make its effect nugatory.
After a keen contest between the rival Slovene and Pan-German propagandists, voting took place in Oct.
In the following session Religious Tests in the universities were abolished, and a bill to establish secret voting was carried through the House of Commons.
New elections in the autumn of 1848 returned a constitutional majority, but it ended by voting in favour of a constituent assembly.
Servius made voting power depend on income; by Solon the same rule was applied to qualification for office.
But in 304, Fabius Rullianus limited them to the four city tribes, and from that time the term meant a man degraded from a higher (country) to a lower (city) tribe, but not deprived of the right of voting or of serving in the army.
All the old republican formalities were most punctiliously observed - even those attendant on the emperor's election to the consulate, so far as they did not involve a restoration of the old order of voting at the comitia.