A collected edition of Balde's works in 4 vols.
was published at Cologne in 1650; a more complete edition in 8 vols.
The best account of the life of Davila is that by Apostolo Zeno, prefixed to an edition of the history printed at Venice in 2 vols.
Cardinal Consalvi's Memoires were published in two vols.
Mag., 1836-1837, vols.
in his History of the Netherlands (2 vols.
There are many documents in Zobi, Storia civile della Toscana, vols.
Forster's Samtliche Werke appeared at Leipzig in 9 vols.
Leitzmann, Halle, 1893); Leitzmann has also published (Stuttgart, 1894) a selection of Forster's Kleine Schriften, which originally appeared in 6 vols.
His Life, in 3 vols.
P. St John Mildmay (1905), 7 vols.
- The collected works of Descartes were published in Latin in 8 vols.
at Amsterdam (1670-1683), in 7 vols.
at Frankfort (1697) and in 9 vols.
by Elzevir (1713); in French in 13 vols.
Garnier, 3 vols.
His Histoire critique de l'ecole d'Alexandrie (3 vols.
of Greece, vols.
Klemming (Stockholm, 1857-1884, I t vols.).
His collected Works were published in 3 vols.
More recently a new edition (six vols.) has appeared.
Dumas's novel, Memoirs of a Physician, is founded on his adventures; see also a series of papers in the Dublin University Magazine, vols.
Lecky, History of Ireland in the Eighteenth Century, vols.
Brasch) in 2 vols.
Solovev, History of Russia (Rus.), (vols.
Havard, La France artistique et monumentale (6 vols, Paris, 1892-1895); A.
Boissonade chiefly devoted his attention to later Greek literature: Philostratus, Heroica (1806) and Epistolae (1842); Marinus, Vita procli (1814); Tiberius Rhetor, De Figuris (1815); Nicetas Eugenianus, Drosilla et Charicles (1819); Herodian, Partitiones (1819); Aristaenetus, Epistolae (1822); Eunapius, Vitae Sophisiarum (1822); Babrius, Fables (1844); Tzetzes, Allegoriae Iliados (1851); and a Collection of Greek Poets in 24 vols.
In sacred literature: Antimuratorius sive confutatio disputationis Muratorianae de rebus liturgicis (1755-1758); Neue theologische Bibliothek, vols.
(3rd ed., 1 775); Neueste theologische Bibliothek, vols.
(1889) and Lollardy and the Reformation (1908), and Political History of England, vols.
For the history, see Rivadeneyra, "Cronicas de los reyes de Castilla," Biblioteca de autores espanoles, vols.
Garran, The Coming Commonwealth: a Handbook of Federal Government (Sydney, 1897); George William Rusden, History of Australia, 3 vols.
Schmeisser, The Goldfields of Australasia, 2 vols.
Perkins, Reports of the State Geologist, especially vols.
Friedrich Schlegel's Seimtliche Werke appeared in to vols.
(1822-1825); a second edition (1846) in 15 vols.
The reprint will be found in vols.
Barge's Andreas Bodenstein von Carlstadt (2 vols.
Comptes rendus, vols.
A later and improved edition was produced in Paris, 1858, in 14 vols.
Emile Montegut translated Essais de philosophie americaine (1850) from Emerson; Revolution de 1688 (2 vols.
1853) from Macaulay's History; and also produced the CEuvres completes (10 vols.
i., Budapest, 1904); Jozsef Teleki, The Age of the Hunyadis in Hungary (Hung., vols.
The most detailed Italiai history of the period is Carlo Tivaronis Storia critica del Rlsorgs menlo Italiano in 9 vols.
See also the Cambridge Modern History, vols.
and Foreign; Foxe's Acts and Monuments; Strype's Memorials of Cranmer (1694); Anecdotes and Character of Archbishop Cranmer, by Ralph Morice, and two contemporary biographies (Camden Society's publications); Remains of Thomas Cranmer, by Jenkyns (1833); Lives of Cranmer, by Gilpin (1784), Todd (1831), Le Bas, in Hook's Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury, vols.
The Vinaya was edited in 5 vols.
Neumann, Reden des Gotamo Buddho (3 vols.; Leipzig, 1896-1898); Lieder der Monche and Nonnen (Berlin, 1899); Max Mtiller and V_ Fausboll, Dhammapada and Sutta Nipata (Oxford, 1881).
by Moor; Darwin and Acton, Practical Physiology of Plants; Davenport, C.B., Experimental Morphology, vols.
xlv.; Histologische Beitrage vols.
His last and most extensive work was a Cours d'etudes a l'usage des eleves de l'ecole militaire (45 vols.).
de Margerie, with much additional matter, as La Face de la terre, vols.
(Paris, 1897, 1900), and into English by Dr Hertha Sollas as The Face of the Earth, vols.
Furbringer's enormous work Untersuchungen zur Morphologie and Systematik der Vogel, 4to., 2 vols.
Five volumes of sermons, an edition of Thucydides, with English notes and dissertations, a History of Rome in three vols.
This was followed by Thomas Hearne's (5 vols.) edition in 1722.
The most important of them have been mentioned above, with the exception of the Opuscules mathematiques (1761-1780), 8 vols.
His literary and philosophical works were collected and edited by Bastien (Paris, 1805, 18 vols.
A better edition by Bossange was published at Paris in 1821 (5 vols.
i.; Collection of Materials on Landholding, and Statistical Descriptions of Separate Governments, published by several zemstvos (Moscow, Tver, Nyzhniy-Novgorod, Tula, Ryazan, Tambov, Poltava, Saratov, &c.); Kawelin, The Peasant Question; Vasilchikov, Land Property and Agriculture (2 vols.), and Village Life and Agriculture; Ivanukov, The Fall of Serfdom in Russia; Shashkov, " Peasantry in the Baltic Provinces," in Russkaya Mysl.
This question has given rise to an enormous amount of discussion among learned men, and some of the disputants have not yet laid down their arms; but for impartial outsiders who have carefully studied the evidence there can be little doubt that 1 See Researches into the State of Fisheries in Russia (9 vols.), edited by Minister of Finance (1896, Russian); Kusnetzow's Fischerei and Thiererbeutung in den Gewassern Russlands (1898).
Rambaud, Recueil des instructions aux ambassadeurs de France, vols.
Prescott's works in 16 vols.
The text was published in 20 vols.
Besides his great work (Paris, 1686-1704, 58 vols.
8vo; Amsterdam, 19 vols.
7 are dated 1784; and Spedalieri's Confutazione dell' esame del Cristianismo facto da Gibbon was published at Rome (2 vols.
appeared, as has already been stated, in 1776, vols.
in 1781 and vols.
Smith (8 vols.
Bury (7 vols.
This work, the Traite des proprieks projectives des figures, which was published in 1822 (2d ed., 2 vols.
et extraits, vols.
- Pashley, Travels in Crete (2 vols., Cambridge and London, 1837); Spratt, Travels and Researches in Crete (2 vols., London, 1867); Raulin, Description physique del' ile de Crete (3 vols.
The older histories of the colony are: Hugh Williamson, History of North Carolina (2 vols.
Hawks, History of North Carolina (2 vols.
The chief published sources are The Colonial Records of North Carolina (10 vols., Raleigh, 1886-1890); and The State Records of North Carolina (vols.
68 seq.; Zacuto, Yuhasin; Graetz, Geschichte, vols.
Proc. R.G.S., 1879; Dr Bellew, Afghanistan and the Afghans (London, 1879); Nicolas Prjevalski, " Explorations in Asia," see vols.
Proc. G.R.S., 1886; Ney Elias, " Explorations in Central Asia," see vols.
Robertson, The Kafirs of the Hindu Kush (London, 1896); Captain Stiffe, " Persian Gulf Trading Centres," vols.
There is no critical edition, and the only version available for the general reader is the modernized and abridged text published by Paulin Paris in vols.
Gaston Paris's articles in Romania, vols.
His collected works were published in seven vols.
his fame as an historian rests, is his Deutsche Geschichte vom Tode Friedrichs des Grossen bis zur Griindung des deutschen Bundes (Leipzig, 18 5418 57, 4 vols.).
In addition to various essays (in his Gesammelte Schriften, Berlin, 1869-1870, 2 vols.), Hausser's lectures have been edited by W.
The Letters and Papers of Henry VIII., vols.
See also Beatson's Naval and Military Annals, James's Naval History, and Chevalier's Histoire de la Marine francaise, vols.
Trointsky (St Petersburg, 1905, 2 vols.), in Russian and French.
Olshausen's department was New Testament exegesis; his Commentary (completed and revised by Ebrard and Wiesinger) began to appear at Konigsberg in 1830, and was translated into English in 4 vols.
Soc., in 3 vols., Oxford, 1848-1854; and in 2 vols.
1731; 2nd ed., 1 735, 4 vols.; 3rd ed., 1736-1738, 4 vols.); Life and Acts o f Edmund Grindal, Archbishop of Canterbury (1710), of Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury (1711), and of John Whitgift, Archbishop of Canterbury (1718); An Accurate Edition of Stow's Survey of London (1720), a valuable edition of Stow, although its interference with the original text is a method of editing which can scarcely be reckoned fair to the original author; and Ecclesiastical Memorials (3 vols., 1721; 3 vols., 1733).
His Historical and Biographical Works were reprinted in 19 vols.
Laurence in 2 vols.
Noble, part 1 of vols.
Gilbert, Rothamsted Memoirs on Agricultural Chemistry and Physiology, 7 vols.
Shield Nicholson's Principles of Political Economy (3 vols.) not only gives a survey of economic principles since Mill's time, but contains much suggestive and original work.
John Strype's Life of Parker, originally published in 1711, and' re-edited for the Clarendon Press in 1821 (3 vols.), is the principal source for Parker's life.
Bain (Edinburgh, 2 vols., 1890-1899); Calendar of State Papers relating to Scotland and Mary Queen of Scots,1547-1603 (Edinburgh, 2 vols., 1898-1900), &c. There is a Life in Miss Strickland's Queens of Scotland (vols.
and C. Vinc. Delarue '(4 vols.
fol.> (Paris, 1733-1759), reprinted by Lommatzsch (25 vols.
Rambaud, "La Revolution francaise, 17891 799" and "Napoleon," vols.
His works appeared in 10 vols.
Of Herrera's writings, the most valuable is his Historia general de los hechos de los Castellanos en las islas y tierra firme del Mar Oceano (Madrid, 1601-1615, 4 vols.), a work which relates the history of the Spanish-American colonies from 1492 to 1554.
Sharp, Cambridge Natural History, vols.
A Century of Birds from the Himalaya Mountains was followed by The Temminck subsequently reproduced, with many additions, the text of this volume in his Histoire naturelle des pigeons et des gallinacees, published at Amsterdam in 1813-1815, in 3 vols.
Gould's great Birds of Australia has been already named, and he subsequently reproduced with some additions the text of that work under the title of Handbook to the Birds of Australia (2 vols.
Alexander Wilson's American Ornithology, originally published beween 1808 and 1814, has gone through many editions including those issued in Great Britain, by Jameson (4 vols.
16 mo, 1831), and Jardine (3 vols.
fol., 1856-1873), unfortunately unfinished at his death, and Herr Holmgren's Skandinaviens Foglar (2 vols.
As to Italy, we can but name here the Fauna d'Italia, of which the second part, Uccelli (8vo, 1872), by Count Salvadori, contains an excellent bibliography of Italian works on the subject, and the posthumously published Ornitologia italiana of Savi (3 vols.
Of the rest the most important are the Ornithologie provencale of Roux (2 vols.
des environs de Nice (5 vols.
1826-1827); the Ornithologie du Dauphine of Bouteille and Labatie (2 vols.
8vo, 1843-1844); the Faune meridionale of Crespon (2 vols.
8vo, 1844); the Ornithologie de la Savoie of Bailly (4 vols.
De Vogels van Nederland (3 vols.
Of Gould's Birds of Europe (5 vols.
The year 1849 saw the publication of Degland's Ornithologie europeenne (2 vols.
Gerbe (2 vols.
Meanwhile in England Dr Bree had in 1858 begun the publication of The Birds of Europe not observed in the British Isles (4 vols.
8vo), which was completed in 1863, and in 1875 reached a second and improved edition (5 vols.).
Coming now to works on British birds only, the first of the present century that requires remark is Montagu's Ornithological Dictionary (2 vols.
Next in order come the very inferior British Ornithology of Graves (3 vols.
8vo, 1811-1821), and a work with the same title by Hunt (3 vols.
Meyer (4to), which was completed in 1843, whereof a second edition (7 vols.
One of the few appearing since, with the same scope, that are not borrowed is Jardine's Birds of Great Britain and Ireland (4 vols.
Ricotti, Storia della monarchia piemontese, vols.
Among his works on Greek literature the chief are Die schyleische Trilogie (1824, 6), Der epische Zyklus oder die Homerischen Gedichte (2 vols.
Among the special collections are the George Ticknor library of Spanish and Portuguese books (6 393 vols.), very full sets of United States and British public documents, the Bowditch mathematical library (7090 vols.), the Galatea collection on the history of women (2193 vols.), the Barton library, including one of the finest existing collections of Shakespeariana (3309 vols., beside many in the general library), the A.
Brown library of music (9886 vols.), a very full collection on the anthropology and ethnology of Europe, and more than 10o,000 volumes on the history, biography, geography and literature of the United States.
The other notable book-collections of the city include those of the Athenaeum, founded in 1807 (about 230,000 vols.
Historical and critical - Das religiose Bewusstsein der Menschheit; Geschichte der Metaphysik (2 vols.); Kant's Erkenntnistheorie; Kritische Grundlegung des transcendentalen Realismus; Ober die dialektische Methode; studies of Schelling, Lotze, von Kirchmann; Zur Geschichte des Pessimismus; Neukantianismus, Schopenhauerismus, Hegelianismus; Geschichte der deutschen Asthetik seit Kant; Die Krisis des Christentums in der modernen Theologie; Philosophische Fragen der Gegenwart; Ethische Studien; Moderne Psychologie; Das Christentum des neuen Testaments; Die Weltanschauung der modernen Physik.
His chief theological and philosophical works were Institutes of Natural and Revealed Religion (3 vols., 1772-1774); History of the Corruption of Christianity (2 vols., 1782); General History of the Christian Church to the Fall of the Western Empire, vols.
Groen van Prinsterer, Archives ou correspondance de la maison d'OrangeNassau, I' serie, 9 vols.
Hodgkin, Italy and her Invaders, vols.
Theodosius Harnack was a staunch Lutheran and a prolific writer on theological subjects; his chief field of work was practical theology, and his important book on that subject, summing up his long experience and teaching, appeared at Erlangen (1877-1878, 2 vols.).
Hofer, Das Erda, 5 vols.
Molinier, Les Sources de l'histoire de France, vols.
Kahlbaum's Monographien aus der Geschichte der Chemie, vols.
The work which he then wrote, and which in his own judgment was his best, was published in 1820, under the title of An Attempt to demonstrate from Reason and Revelation the Necessary Existence, Essential Perfections, and Superintending Providence of an Eternal Being, who is the Creator, the Supporter, and the Governor of all Things (2 vols.
8 (Vienna, 1881-1889, 15 vols.); Die osterreichisch-ungarische Mon-.
17 (Vienna, 1886-1902, 2 4 vols.); B.
From 1867 to 1893 Harris edited The Journal of Speculative Philosophy (22 vols.), which was the quarterly organ of the Philosophical Society founded in 1866.
His chief dogmatic work, Systema locorum theologicorum (12 vols.
In his Biblia Illustrata (4 vols.), written from the point of view of a very strict belief in inspiration, his object is to refute the statements made by Hugo Grotius in his Commentaries.
The works were edited by Le Quien (2 vols., fol., Paris, 1712) and form vols.
See Freeman, Norman Conquest, vols.
Florez was a good numismatist, and published Medallas de las Colonias in 2 vols.
His last work was the Memorias de las reynas Catolicas, 2 vols.
(4 vols.) was undertaken by F.
of Scotland, vols.
P. Curran (2 vols., Edinburgh, 1822); Thomas Moore, Life and Death of Lord Edward Fitzgerald (2 vols.
P. Peabody, was published (in 5 vols.
Rhodes, History of the United States from the Compromise of 1850, vols.
Third Series of Lectures (N.Y., 1852); then, based upon the preceding, History of Louisiana: The French Domination (2 vols., N.Y., 1854) and The Spanish Domination (N.Y., 1854); a second edition of the last two works, supplemented by The American Domination (N.Y., 1866-1867, 4 vols.
Shea, New York, 1866, 6 vols.) is a famous old work, but now negligible.
Cuba (Paris, 1842-1851, 12 vols.; issued also in French; vols.
Huber, A percu statistique de file de Cuba (Paris, 1826); Humboldt; Sagra, vols.
Morilla (Havana, 1847; 2nd ed., 1865, 2 vols.) and A.
de ultramar (series 2, vols.
(1883) and subsequent articles in vols.
Dindorf's edition in 4 vols.
Boncompagni (Rome, 1857-1862, 2 vols.).
Nares, Voyage to the Polar Sea (2 vols.
Greely, Report on the Proceedings of the United States Expedition to Lady Franklin Bay, Grinnell Land, vols.
(Washington, 1885); Three Years of Arctic Service (2 vols.
Peary, Northward over the " Great Ice " (2 vols.
Guillaume, Proces-verbaux du comitc d'Instruction Publique de la Convention Nationale (Paris, 1891-1904, 5 vols.
Foot, " The Sioux Indian War," in Iowa Historical' Record, vols.
Finlay, History of Greece, vols.
His most important works were his Allgemeine nordische Geschichte, 2 vols.
(Halle, 1772) and his translation of the Russian chronicler Nestor to the year 980, 5 vols.
He awoke much intelligent interest in universal history by his Weltgeschichte im Auszuge and Zusammenhange, 2 vols.
He also produced a strong impression by his political writings, the Briefwechsel, 10 vols.
(1776-1782) and the Staatsanzeigen, 18 vols.
Among his publications are De l'education (1850), De la haute education intellectuelle (3 vols., 1866), Muvres choisies (1861, 4 vols.); Histoire de Jesus (1872), a counterblast to Renan's Vie de Jesus.
It was restored and enlarged in 1904, and shelters the commercial library of nearly 100,000 vols.
His Works were published in 6 vols.
His publications include: Disquisitio mathematica in causam physicam figurae et magnitudinis terrae (Milan, 1751); Saggio della morale filosofia (Lugano, 1 753); Nova electricitatis theoria (Milan, 1 755); Dissertatio de motu diurno terrae (Pisa, 1758); Dissertationes variae (2 vols.
4to, Lucca, 1759, 1761); Del modo di regolare i fiumi e i torrenti (Lucca, 1762); Cosmographia physica et mathematica (Milan, 1 774, 1 775, 2 vols.
Juste, Le Soulevement de la Hollande en 1813 et la fondation du ro y aume des Pays-Bas (Brussels, 1870); and P. Blok, Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche Volk, vols.
have been published) and 1906 (io vols.).
See Robert Nisbet Bain, The Daughter of Peter the Great (London, 1899); Sergyei Solovev, History of Russia (Rus.), vols.
(St Petersburg, 1857-1877); Politische Correspondenz Friedrichs des Grossen, vols.
(Vienna, 1886-1902, 24 vols.); M.
Jeanroy, "Etudes sur le cycle de Guillaume au court nez" (in Romania, vols.
For the rest of Tunisia, the first explorer interested in archaeology was Victor Guerin in 1860; his results are contained in his remarkable Voyage archeologique dans la Regence de Tunis (1862, 2 vols.).
Digot, Histoire du royaume d'Austrasie, 4 vols.
C. Ryle (22 vols.
These observations.were worked up and discussed by Gill with great elaboration in the Annals of the Cape Observatory, vols.
In 1908-1909 it had a university faculty of 33 members, 307 students in the college, 60 in the theological department, and 134 in the preparatory department, and a library of 54,000 volumes, including the Baptist Historical collection (about 5000 vols.) given by Samuel Colgate.
Ann., 1888, 34, 1 55, 55 1, 609; and later vols.) they have commanded universal assent, and his methods are adopted in all modern work on electricity and magnetism.
Faraday, Experimental Researches in Electricity, 3 vols.
M' Cook, American Spiders and their Spinning Work (3 vols.; Philadelphia, 1889-1893); 31.
des Araignees, vols.
Thomson's Annals of Philosophy (1813-1820), vols.
In 1771 he published his Zend-Avesta (3 vols.), containing collections from the sacred writings of the fire-worshippers, a life of Zoroaster, and fragments of works ascribed to him.
In 1798 he published L'Inde en rapport avec l'Europe (Hamburg, 2 vols.), which contained much invective against the English, and numerous misrepresentations.
In 1802-1804 he published a Latin translation (2 vols.) from the Persian of the Oupnek'hat or Upanishada.
Following in the path struck out by Miss Strickland in her Lives of the Queens of England, and by Lord Brougham's Lives of Eminent Statesmen, he at last produced, in 1849, The Lives of the Lord Chancellors and Keepers of the Great Seal of England, from the earliest times till the reign of King George IV., 7 vols.
Freeman's History of the Norman Conquest, vols.
The best known of these are: Scripturae sacrae cursus completus, and Theologiae cursus (each in 28 vols., 1840-1845); Collection des auteurs sacres (ioo vols., 1846-1848); Encyclo pedie theologique (171 vols., 1844-1866); Patrologiae cursus completus, Latin series in 221 vols.
The indices in 3 vols.
His last published work was his Epistles, in 5 vols.
Complete editions of the Comedies are too numerous to be quoted; the best is that brought out in 3 vols.
A critical survey of recent literature on Scholasticism is given by Baeumker in the Archiv far Geschichte der Philosophie, vols.
The last collected edition of his works is that published in 9 vols.
Bond, jun., Monroe's Mission to France, 1794-1796 (Baltimore, 1907); Henry Adams, History of the United States (9 vols., New York, 1889-1891), containing a full but unsympathetic account of Monroe's career as a diplomatist; and James Schouler, History of the United States, vols.
The most valuable of his logical and philosophical memoirs were published collectively in 2 vols.
Umlauft, Die Lander OsterreichUngarns in Wort and Bild (Vienna, 1879-1889, 15 vols., 12th volume, 1886, deals with Hungary), Die osterreichische Monarchie in Wort and Bild (Vienna 1888-1902, 24 vols., 7 vols.
sterreichUngarns (Teschen, 1881-1885, 12 vols.); A.
This falls into three main groups: Diplomata (30 vols.); Scriptores (40 vols.); Monumenta Comitialia (records of the Hungarian and Transylvanian diets, 12 vols.
and 21 vols.).
With these are associated the Turkish-Hungarian Records (9 vols.), Turkish Historians (2 vols.
pubd.), and the Archives of the Hungarian subordinate countries (2 vols.
Of the many later publications of the Kisfaludy society the most important as regards English literature is the Shakspere Minden Munkdi (Complete Works of Shakespeare), in 19 vols.
Faithful renderings by Lewis Szeberenyi, Theodore Lehoczky and Michael Fincicky of the popular poetry of the Slavic nationalities appeared in vols.
The Magyarok tortenete (History of the Magyars), in 4 vols., first published at Papa (1842-1846), and afterwards in 6 vols.
at Pest (1860-1863), and in 8 vols.
Ladislaus Szalay's Magyarorszdg tortenete (History of Hungary), vols.
(Leipzig, 1852-1854), vols.
Count Joseph Teleki is famed chiefly for his Hunyadiak kora Magyarorszdgon (The Times of the Hunyadys in Hungary), vols.
Ecsery, Geza Ferdinandy (historical and systematic politics), Arpad Zigany, Bela Foldes (political economy), Julius Mandello (political economy), Alexander Matlekovics (Hungary's administrative service; Allamhdztartds, 3 vols.), J.
The first part of the work (2 vols.
An English translation, with copious elucidatory notes, of the first 4 vols.
Bowditch, was published at Boston, U.S. (1829-1839), in 4 vols.
4to.; a compendium of certain portions of the same work by Mrs Somerville appeared in 1831, and a German version of the first 2 vols.
Butler's great work, The Lives of the Saints, the result of thirty years' study (4 vols., London, 1756-1759), has passed through many editions and translations (best edition, including valuable notes, Dublin, 12 vols.
Drach, Introduction a l'etude de la theorie des nombres et de l'algebre superieure (1895); C. de Comberousse, Cours de mathematiques, vols.
Weber, Lehrbuch der Algebra, 2 vols.
From the moment of Emma's marriage Normandy became a chief factor in English politics."/n==Authorities== - The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (edition by C. Plummer, 2 vols.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.