How to use Virtuous in a sentence
She was the most honest and virtuous woman that he had ever met.
The virtuous man is pure, not in act only, but also in heart.
For if the pleasure of virtuous activity is a supervening end beyond the activity, it becomes a supervening end beyond the happiness of virtuous activity, which thus ceases to be the final end.
The higher happiness is given to man by free grace of God; but it is given to those only whose heart is right, and as a reward of virtuous actions.
Why is it virtuous for a woman to practice chastity, and ludicrous for a man?Advertisement
The souls of the virtuous pass after death into ever new incarnations of greater perfection, till at last they reach a point at which they can be re-absorbed into the Deity itself; those of the wicked may be degraded to the level of camels or dogs.
It was said that he was so virtuous as hardly to have committed a venial sin.
With the virtuous life was further to be conjoined a humble disposition to adore the Creator, avoiding all factitious forms of worship as worse than useless.
And that the right or wrong of choice depends not on the cause of choice but on its nature, he illustrates by the example of Christ, whose acts were necessarily holy, yet truly virtuous, praiseworthy and rewardable.
Faenza held out, for the people were devoted to their lord, Astorre Manfredi, a handsome and virtuous youth of eighteen.Advertisement
An action is simply virtuous or not; it cannot be more or less virtuous.
Why not make them first happy, and then virtuous?"
Special mention may be made here of the tale of Abikar - the wise and virtuous secretary of Sennacherib, king of Assyria - and of his wicked nephew Nadhan.
All mankind fall into two classes - the wise or virtuous, the unwise or wicked - the distinction being absolute.
Only in a secondary sense is approval due to certain " abilities and dispositions immediately connected with virtuous affections," as candour, veracity, fortitude, sense of honour; while in a lower grade still are placed sciences and arts, along with even bodily skills and gifts; indeed, the approbation we give to these is not strictly moral, but is referred to the " sense of decency or dignity," which (as well as the sense of honour) is to be distinguished from 1 In a remarkable passage near the close of his eleventh sermon Butler seems even to allow that conscience would have to give way to self-love, if it were possible (which it is not) that the two should come into ultimate and irreconcilable conflict.Advertisement
He endeavours to establish this inductively by a survey of the qualities, commonly praised as virtues, which he finds to be always either useful or immediately agreeable, either (1) to the virtuous agent himself or (2) to others.
If we ask what actual motive we have for virtuous conduct, Hume's answer is not quite clear.
Thus, both reason and sense of instinct co-operate in the impulse to virtuous conduct, though the rational element is primary and paramount.
Finally, Price, writing after the demonstration by Shaftesbury and Butler of the actuality of disinterested impulses in human nature, is bolder and clearer than Cudworth or Clarke in insisting that right actions are to be chosen because they are right by virtuous agents as such, even going so far as to lay down that an act loses its moral worth in proportion as it is done from natural inclination.
Both thinkers hold that this perception of right and wrong in actions is accompanied by a perception of merit and demerit in agents, and also by a specific emotion; but whereas Price conceives this emotion chiefly as pleasure or pain, analogous to that produced in the mind by physical beauty or deformity, Reid regards it chiefly as benevolent affection, esteem and sympathy (or their opposites), for the virtuous (or vicious) agent.Advertisement
Thus, the miser first sought money as a means to comfort, but ends by sacrificing comfort to money; and similarly though the first promptings to justice (or any other virtue) spring from the non-moral pleasures gained or pains avoided by it, through the link formed by repeated virtuous acts the performance of them ultimately comes to have that immediate satisfaction attached to it which we distinguished as moral.
Indeed, the acquired tendency to virtuous conduct may become so strong that the habit of willing it may continue, " even when the reward which 3 I should be observed that Austin, after Bentham, more frequently uses the term " moral " to connote what he more distinctly calls " positive morality," the code of rules supported by common opinion in any society.
Like Price he holds that an action is not good unless done from a good motive, and that this motive must be essentially different from natural inclination of any kind; duty, to be duty, must be done for duty's sake; and he argues, with more subtlety than Price or Reid, that though a virtuous act is no doubt pleasant to the virtuous agent, and any violation of duty painful, this moral pleasure (or pain) cannot strictly be the motive to the act, because it follows instead of preceding the recognition of our obligation to do it.'
It may be taken to imply that the useless and the criminal should be entitled to as much happiness as the useful and the virtuous.
Although already married to the virtuous and charming Archduchess Giovanna of Austria, he seduced the fair Venetian and loaded her with jewels, money and other presents.Advertisement
In the Mennonite church they represent the rigid, conservative party, as opposed to the Galenists, who inclined towards the Arminian latitudinarianism and admitted into their community all those who led a virtuous life, whatever their doctrinal tendencies.
If he was having problems finding a virtuous mate, fault more likely lay in a character flaw than his looks - as Katie had so often implied.
A virtuous circle that frees you to do the crucial bit - convert the traffic into sales.
For Jefferson, a virtuous and active citizenry was vital to the health of a republican nation.
Most Anabaptists, however, practiced a virtuous monogamy and avoided all immorality.Advertisement
Specifically, S is subjectively justified in believing pecifically, S is subjectively justified in believing p insofar as S is epistemically virtuous in believing p.
Proponents of machinofacture reckoned that the factory system was evidently a consequence of intelligent reason and thus providential and virtuous.
It describes a virtuous maiden who is put under a spell by an evil sorceress.
Such places benefit from a virtuous circle, or upward spiral, whereby talent attracts talent.
Where X-Men are cynical superheroes, here we have a virtuous superhero in a cynical world.Advertisement
Nothing makes a man so virtuous as belief of the truth.
They do not even give hope that we can become morally virtuous.
Yet the truly virtuous person performs a morally right action for its own sake.
Patience is a virtue... I don't seem to be very virtuous at times.
Lucinda and her friends are not virtuous because of their piety.Advertisement
G 137 The identification of virtue and rationality can really only work for those who are naturally virtuous.
I love creating space - throwing rubbish away makes me feel very virtuous!
This means no more than that most people like to appear virtuous.
Their advice can be genuinely valuable (and is often surprisingly positive,) and having them involved is considered virtuous by the QAA.
Thyself art cleansed and made virtuous by no work so much.Advertisement
He points out that under this benevolent despotism, though men might be happy, their happiness was unstable, because it depended on the character of a single man; and the highest praise he can give to those virtuous princes is that they " deserved the honour of restoring the republic, had the Romans of their days been capable of a rational freedom."
Some unknown Peripatetic detected a flaw in the Nicomachean Ethics when he said that pleasure is a supervening end beyond activity, and, if he had gone on to add that happiness is also a supervening end beyond the virtuous activities which are necessary to produce it, he would have destroyed the foundation of his own founder's Ethics.
Love virtue, and the people will be virtuous.
Drawing nearer, he recognized in the Rhetor a man he knew, Smolyaninov, and it mortified him to think that the newcomer was an acquaintance--he wished him simply a brother and a virtuous instructor.
To Bolkonski so many people appeared contemptible and insignificant creatures, and he so longed to find in someone the living ideal of that perfection toward which he strove, that he readily believed that in Speranski he had found this ideal of a perfectly rational and virtuous man.Advertisement
In the case of a crime we most urgently demand the punishment for such an act; in the case of a virtuous act we rate its merit most highly.
While the souls of the virtuous dead would be reincarnated as humans.
We recognize the faith of Christianity as that which is derived from the force of reason, and the energy of virtuous sentiment.
When he reminded the audience of the ten commandments, he was using ethos to persuade them to follow a virtuous path.
Dumas was " trop commis-voyageur," Jouffroy too serenely virtuous and Musset " trop dandy."
His first efforts were directed to securing a virtuous and wellinstructed clergy, with its consequence of a people worthy of their pastors.
To plot against him, to attempt his life by poison or the sword, was accounted virtuous.
A similar series of excellent teachings on practical wisdom and the blessings of a virtuous life, only of a severer and more uncompromising character, is contained in the Sa`adatnama; and, judging from the extreme bitterness of tone manifested in the "reproaches of kings and emirs," we should be inclined to consider it a protest against the vile aspersions poured out upon Nasir's moral and religious attitude during those persecutions which drove him at last to Yumgan.
Burghley's private life was singularly virtuous; he was a faithful husband, a careful father and a considerate master.
Moreover, the distinction between activity and pleasure in the tenth book is really fatal to the consistency of the whole Nicomachean Ethics, which started in the first book with the identification of happiness and virtuous activity.
Pelagius declared the capacity of every man to become virtuous by his own efforts, and summoned the members of the Church in Rome to enter on the way of perfection in monasticism.
He was a friend of Sir Thomas More, who says that Pole was as learned as he was noble and as virtuous as he was learned.
No idle gratification of curiosity, as Aristotle fabled of his life intellectual (which would be but a disguise for refined pleasure), no theory divorced from practice, no phy pursuit of science for its own sake, but knowledge so far forth as it can be realized in virtuous action, the learning of virtue by exercise and effort and training.
It follows (I) that pleasure, being quite outside the pale is not the object but merely an brcyivvnpa (accompaniment) of virtuous action, and (2) that there is, within the circle of virtue, no degree.
In that city all is ordained by reason working intelligently, and the members exist for the sake of one another; there is an intimate connexion (avp raeaa) between them which makes all the wise and virtuous friends, even if personally .unknown, and leads them to contribute to one another's good.
He was young, gallant, pious and virtuous, one of the few who interpreted and observed his crusading vows strictly; the most popular leader in the host.
There he spent the remainder of his life, a devoted husband, a wise and tender father, a careful householder, a virtuous villager, a friendly neighbour, and, spite of all his disclaimers, the central and luminous figure among the Transcendentalists.
He admits, however, benevolent being as a second object, on the ground that such an object, having a like virtuous propensity, " is, as it were, enlarged, extends to, and in some sort comprehends being in general."
All that he allows is that the perception of natural beauty may, by its resemblance to the primary spiritual beauty, quicken the disposition to divine love in those who are already under the influence of a truly virtuous temper.
For instance, we read of Whiting, the last abbot of Glastonbury, judicially murdered by Henry VIII., that his house was a kind of well-ordered court, where as many as 300 sons of noblemen and gentlemen, who had been sent to him for virtuous education, had been brought up, besides others of a meaner rank, whom he fitted for the universities.
No higher function could be given to free will; unless, by an extravagance, some theologian should teach that the Almighty Himself had merited His sovereignty by the virtuous use of freedom.
Large, " round-about " common sense, intellectual strength directed by a virtuous purpose, not subtle or daring speculation sustained by an idealizing faculty, in which he was deficient, is what we find in Locke.
The disciple certainly takes a step in advance by stating definitely, as an essential characteristic of virtuous action, that it is chosen for its own sake, for the beauty of virtue alone; but herein he merely formulates the conviction that his master inspires.
We may observe, however, that while the latter term is used to denote the virtuous man, and (in the neuter) equivalent to End generally, the former is rather chosen to express the quality of virtuous acts which in any particular case is the end of the virtuous agent.
Aristotle no doubt faithfully represents the common sense of Greece in considering that, in so far as virtue is in itself good to the virtuous agent, it belongs to that species of good which we distinguish as beautiful.
The kind of reasoning which his view of virtuous conduct requires is one in which the ultimate major premise states a distinctive characteristic of some virtue, and one or more minor premises show that such characteristic belongs to a certain mode of conduct under given circumstances; since it is essential to good conduct that it should contain its end in itself, and be chosen for its own sake.
The assurance of its own unique value that such wisdom involved they held to be an abiding possession for those who had attained it; 3 and without this assurance no act could be truly wise or virtuous.
Passing to consider what actions are virtuous, we first observe generally that the morality of an act is in part, but only in part, determined by its particular motive; it partly depends on its external object and circumstances, which render it either objectively in harmony with the " order of reason " or the reverse.
He explains that though absolute good is discerned by the intellect, the " sweetness and flavour " of it is apprehended, not by the intellect proper, but by what he calls a " boniform faculty "; and it is in this sweetness and flavour that the motive to virtuous conduct lies; ethics is the " art of living well and happily," and true happiness lies in " the pleasure which the soul derives from the sense of virtue."
Gundulph, his father, was by birth a Lombard, and seems to have been a man of harsh and violent temper; his mother, Ermenberga, was a prudent and virtuous woman, from whose careful religious training the young Anselm derived much benefit.
Add to this that he was a virtuous husband, a kind father, a fervent Christian and a good-natured man full of excellent intentions, yet a spectacle of moral pusillanimity and ineptitude.
In other words has the virtuous love of his family become disproportionate, a heroic virtue twisted into a tragic flaw?
General knowledge, including knowledge of principles or the human good, is generally tacit in the practical life of a virtuous person.
Just as food scrounged off some poor bloke 's plate is therefore calorie-free, shopping for " reduced " items is positively virtuous.
We need to create a virtuous spiral where better merchandising creates a better basis for forward planning.
These are the virtuous pagans, the great philosophers and authors, unbaptised children, and others unfit to enter the kingdom of heaven.
At the same time, the only way Wilby can break the spell is to perform some virtuous deed.
We feel we have worked hard at a virtuous cycle.
Patience is a virtue... I do n't seem to be very virtuous at times.
I love creating space - throwing rubbish away makes me feel very virtuous !
Their advice can be genuinely valuable (and is often surprisingly positive, ) and having them involved is considered virtuous by the QAA.
The 2002 Four Kings is rich and supple with a virtuous nose of black fruit, mocha, dried mushrooms, and vanilla oak notes.
Many people believe that when all of the virtuous and godly Knights Templars were murdered, a curse fell upon the human race for the rest of eternity.
Pope John, who had excommunicated Bruce, was addressed by the parliament of Arbroath in April 1320 in a letter which compared Bruce to a Joshua or Judas Maccabaeus, who had wrought the salvation of his people, and declared they fought "not for glory, truth or honour, but for that liberty which no virtuous man will survive."
During an illness, which kept him virtuous by confining him to his room, he studied French and English, gaining a mastery of these languages which, at that time exceedingly rare, opened up for him opportunities for a diplomatic career.
The life of the virtuous Japanese woman being essentially uneventful, these romancists not unnaturally sought their female types among dancing-girls and courtesans.
Varchi says that "in his conversation he was pleasant, obliging to his intimates, the friend of virtuous persons."
Thus the Nicomachean Ethics begins by identifying the good with happiness (euSaeµovia), and happiness with virtuous action.
Virtuous activities determine happiness, and a virtuous man is happy in this life, in spite of misfortunes unless they be too great; while after death he will not feel the misfortunes of the living so much as to change his happiness.
To turn from Ethics to Politics, the good of the individual on a small scale becomes on a large scale the good of the citizen and the state, whose end should be no far-off form of good, and no mere guarantee of rights, but the happiness of virtuous action, the life according to virtue, which is the general good of the citizen.
After his accession he had divorced his virtuous and ill-favoured queen, Joan, and had married, in 1499, Anne of Brittany, the widow of Charles VIII.
But in Ethics a man's individual good is his own happiness; and his happiness is no mere state, but an activity of soul according to virtue in a mature life, requiring as conditions moderate bodily and external goods of fortune; his virtue is (I) moral virtue, which is acquired by habituation, and is a purposive habit of performing actions in the mean determined by right reason or prudence; requiring him, not to exclude, but to moderate his desires; and (2) intellectual virtue, which is either prudence of practical, or wisdom of speculative intellect; and his happiness is a kind of ascending scale of virtuous activities, in which moral virtue is limited by prudence, and prudence by wisdom; so that the speculative life of wisdom is the happiest and most divine, and the practical life of prudence and moral virtue secondary and human.
So, too, with the attempt to show that from the analogy of the present life we may not unreasonably infer that virtue and vice will receive their respective rewards and punishments hereafter; it may be admitted that virtuous and vicious acts are naturally looked upon as objects of reward or punishment, and treated accordingly, but we may refuse to allow the argument to go further, and to infer a perfect distribution of justice dependent upon our conduct here.
Accordingly, in the Republic he has no objection to trying the question of the intrinsic superiority of philosophic or virtuous' life by the standard of pleasure, and argues that the philosophic (or good) man alone enjoys real pleasure, while the sensualist spends his life in oscillating between painful want and the merely neutral state of painlessness, which he mistakes for positive pleasure.
According to Mrs Hutchinson he was "gentle and virtuous but a peasant in his nature and became not greatness."
Rousseau is supposed to have drawn his portrait in the virtuous atheist Wolmar of the Nouvelle Heloise.
Othello ends up killing the virtuous Desdemona out of jealousy.
He began reading about the sufferings and virtuous struggles of a certain Emilie de Mansfeld.