- Dog Violet (Viola canina), half nat.
In Beethoven's orchestration there is almost always room for an independent viola part.
Classical and modern chamber-music in the sonata style consists mainly of string-quartets for 2 violins, viola and violoncello; string-trios (rare, because very difficult to write sonorously); pianoforte-trios (pianoforte, violin and violoncello); pianoforte-quartets (pianoforte with string-trio); pianoforte-quintets (pianoforte with string-quartet); string-quintets (with 2 violas, very rarely with 2 violoncellos), and (in two important cases by Brahms) stringsextets.
For example, it has often been said that the extent to which their orchestral viola parts double the basses is due, partly to bad traditions of Italian opera, and partly to the fact that viola players were, more often than not, simply persons who had failed to play the violin.
Thus there was quite as much important solo music for the flute as for the violin; and almost more music for the viola da gamba than for the violoncello.
Magnificent examples are Mozart's trio for pianoforte, clarinet and viola, his quintet for pianoforte, oboe, clarinet, horn and bassoon (imitated by Beethoven), his quintet for clarinet and strings, Brahms's clarinet-quintet for the same combination, and his trio for pianoforte, violin and horn.
In England, the following species are confined or almost confined to calcareous soils: A splenium Ruta-muraria, Melica nutans, Carex digitata, Aceras anthropophora, Ophrys ap~ifera, Thalictrum minus, Helianthemum Chamaecislus, Viola hirta, Linum perenne, Geranium lucidum, Hippocrepis comosa, Potentiila verna, Viburnum Lantana, Galium asperum (= G.
Methyl Salicylate, C,H 4 (OH) CO 2 CH 31 found in oil of wintergreen, in the oil of Viola tricolor and in the root of varieties of Polygala, is a pleasant-smelling liquid which boils at 222° C. On passing dry ammonia into the boiling ester, it gives salicylamide and dimethylamine.
The violets comprise a large botanical genus (Viola) - in which more than 200 species have been described - found principally in temperate or mountain regions of the northern hemisphere; they also occur in mountainous districts of South America and South and Tropical Africa, while a few are found in Australasia.
- Two Stamens of Viola tricolor (Pansy), with their two anther lobes and the processp extending beyond them.
- Pistil of Viola tricolor (Pansy).
- Cleistogamous typical cleistogamous flower - these flower of Viola sylvatica.
Viola limestone 750
Diavolezza Pass(Bernina road to the Morteratsch Glen), snow Passo di Dosde (Val Grosina to Val Viola Bormina), foot path..
Umbrail Pass or Wermserjoch (Munster Valley to the Stelvio road), carriage road Passo di Val Viola (Bernina road to Bormio), bridle path Giufplan Pass (Ofen road to Fraele), bridle path.
Ceci Natizie degli Scavi (1908), p. 86; and one or two others are recorded by Professor Viola, ibid.
- Pansy (Viola tricolor).
- Two stamens of Pansy (Viola tricolor), with their two anther-lobes and the connectives (p) extending beyond them.
- Pistil of Pansy (Viola tricolor), enlarged.
Several species of Viola are native to Great Britain.
- CleistogamicFlower of Viola sylvatica.
Floral diagram of Viola, showing arrangement of parts in horizontal plan.
- Leaf of Viola tricolor (Pansy) showing the large leafy stipules (s).