Behind the cake was a large heart made of grape vines and forget-me-not flowers.
African (Ire or Irai or Lagos) rubber tree, which belongs to the Apocynaceae, a natural order which includes the Landolphia vines as well as other rubber producers.
Among these may be mentioned the Landolphia vines, which are still the chief source of African rubber.
Everything the vines touched they crushed, and our adventurers were indeed thankful to have escaped being cast among them.
There is a piazza in front, covered with vines that grow so luxuriantly that you have to part them to see the garden beyond.
Though much land previously devoted to grain culture has been planted with vines, the area under wheat, barley, beans and maize is still considerable.
The cultivation of vines had also increased, and wine industries had been initiated, chiefly in Tashkent and Samarkand.
Another page informed her that the opaque green berries on the thorny vines were gooseberries.
It was a year in which all agriculture was remitted, in which the fields lay unsown and the vines grew unpruned, only the spontaneous yield of the land might be gathered.
the soil to the depth of many feet, and from it springs the most marvellous tangle of huge trees, shrubs, bushes, underwood, creepers, climbing plants and trailing vines, the whole hung with ferns, mosses, and parasitic growths, and bound together by rattans and huge rope-like trailers.
Among indigenous fruitbearing trees, shrubs, vines and plants are the plum, cherry, grape, blackberry, raspberry, cranberry and strawberry.
There are considerable forests of oil palms, rubber trees and vines, and timber and dyewood trees.
Improvement contracts are granted for uncultivated bush districts, where one fourth of the produce goes to the landlord, and for plantations of fig-trees, olive-trees and vines, half of the produce of which belongs to the landlord, who at the end of ten years reimburses the tenant for a part of the improvements effected.
She gingerly untangled herself from some thorny vines and tried to stand.
Among the shrubs and vines are the blackberry, black and red raspberry, gooseberry, huckleberry, hazel and grape.
A young forest growing up under your meadows, and wild sumachs and blackberry vines breaking through into your cellar; sturdy pitch pines rubbing and creaking against the shingles for want of room, their roots reaching quite under the house.
"We shall throw you three people into the Garden of the Twining Vines," said the Princess, "and they will soon crush you and devour your bodies to make themselves grow bigger.
Vines resembling Landolphias are widely distributed in Asia.
farther east, in the elevated region of San Angelo dei Lombardi and Bisaccia, the inhabitants are always warmly clad, and vines grow with difficulty and only in sheltered places.
The vine is cultivated throughout the length and breadth of Italy, but while in some of the districts of the south and centre it occupies from 10 to 20% of the cultivated area, in some of the northern provinces, such as Sondrio, Belluno, Grosseto, &c., the average is only about I or 2% The methods of cultivation are varied; but the planting of the vines by themselves in long rows of insignificant bushes is the exception.
In Campania the vines are allowed to climb freely to the tops of the poplars.
Special contracts, known as colonie immovibili and colonie tern poranee are applied to the latifondi or huge estates, the owners of which receive half the produce, except that of the vines, olive-trees and woods, which he leases separately.
From Vines T sf-Book of Botany, by permission.)
From vines Text-Book of Botany, by permission.)
(From Vines Text-Book of Botany, by permissin.)
They may occur on all parts, buds, leaves, stems or roots, as shown by the numerous species of Cynips on oak, Phylloxera on vines, &c. The local damage is small, - but the general injury to assimilation, absorption and other functions, may be important if the numbers increase.
Among other shrubs and vines which yield rubber of fair quality may be mentioned Willughbeia edulis and Urceola elastica and Parameria glandulifera, which occur in Burma and Malaya.
Cotton and cotton-like plants and vines are also native to the low veld..
A bird sits on the next bough, life-everlasting grows under the table, and blackberry vines run round its legs; pine cones, chestnut burs, and strawberry leaves are strewn about.
I reminded her of the corn, beans and watermelon-seed she had planted in the spring, and told her that the tall corn in the garden, and the beans and watermelon vines had grown from those seeds.
Printing, book-selling, the manufacture of surgical and scientific instruments, chemicals, gloves and vinegar, and the cultivation of hops, fruit and vines are among the leading occupations of the inhabitants.
The whole of this portion of Central Italy is a hilly country, much broken and cut up by the torrents from the mountains, but fertile, especially in fruit-trees, olives and vines; and it has been, both in ancient and modern times, a populous district, containing many small towns though no great cities.
Monstrous gray rocks jutted up from the earth and found themselves entwined with honeysuckle and briar vines.
It is extended in v II to the vineyard and the olive oil, but here the culture necessary to keep the vines and olive trees in order is not forbidden; the precept is only that the produce is to be left to the poor.
Other important crops grown are - maize, 324,000 acres; oats, 493,000 acres; other grains, 160,000 acres; hay, 1,367,000 acres; potatoes, 119,000 acres; sugar-cane, 141,000 acres; vines, 65,000 acres; and other crops, 422,000 acres.
G (From Vines's Text Book of Botany, by permission.) FIG.
The chief diminution has taken place in the south in regard to oranges and lemons, cereals and (for some provinces) vines.
From Vines Text-Book of Botany, by permission.)
The town was taken in 1765 by Hyder Ali, who expelled all the merchants and factors, and destroyed the cocoa-nut trees, sandal-wood and pepper vines, that the country reduced to ruin might present no temptation to the cupidity of Europeans.
The low flat country round Baracaldo is covered with maize, pod fruit and vines.
Dionysus, as the god of vines, and (in a special procession) Poseidon 4ura?µcos (" god of vegetation ") were associated with Demeter.
Pears, apples, quinces, mulberries an d other fruit-trees flourish, as well as vines; the Cretan wines, however, no longer enjoy the reputation which they possessed in the time of the Venetians.
Among the fruitbearing trees, shrubs, vines and plants the grape, the blue-berry, the cherry, the plum and the cranberry are indigenous and more or less common.
Vines are extensively cultivated on the low levels, and a variety of domestic trades are prosecuted in the villages.
Sheep-raising, involving larger holdings, less supervision and less labour, was preferred by the capitalist land-holder to the cultivation of the wheat, spelt, vines or olives which were the chief crops of the country.
The plum curculio (Conotrachelus nenuphar, Herbst) in America causes endless harm in plum orchards; curculios in Australia ravage the vines and fruit trees (Orthorrhinus klugii, Schon, and Leptops hopei, Bohm, &c.).
The largest grain crops are rye and barley, and nearly 40,000 acres are under vines.
The woods are so dense over large districts as to be impenetrable, except by cutting a path foot by foot through the close network of vines and undergrowth.
Apart from the arid wastes of the Karst, the soil is well adapted for the growing of cereals, especially Indian corn; olives, vines, mulberries, figs, pomegranates, melons, oranges, lemons, rice and tobacco flourish in Herzegovina and the more sheltered portions of Bosnia.
Should a proprietor of emiriye plant trees or vines, or erect buildings upon it, with the consent of the state, they are considered as mulk; an annual tax representing the value of the tithes on the portions of emiriye thus utilized is levied.
RUBBER, INDIARUBBER or Caoutchouc (a word probably derived from Cahucha or Gaucho the names in Ecuador and Peru respectively for rubber or the tree producing it), the chief constituent of the coagulated milky juice or latex furnished by a number of different trees, shrubs and vines.
Africa and Asia, being the produce of naturally occurring trees and vines.
The increase in the demand, for which the employment of rubber tires is largely responsible, has given an increased stimulus to the production of " wild " rubber, with the result that trees and vines have been recklessly cut and destroyed, and in some instances vast regions, as in the S.
Sudan, have been nearly entirely denuded of rubber vines.
This has led to restrictive measures, the vines being tapped under definite regulations as to the manner and time of tapping, and also to requirements as to replanting vines to take the place of those which have been injured or destroyed, certain areas being periodically closed.
In Africa it seems probable that the production of rubber from vines is likely to be entirely superseded in process of time, and replaced by the plantations of trees which are already being established in those districts in which careful experiment has determined the kind of rubber tree best adapted to the locality.
Besides the trees described above, a number of climbing plants or vines belonging to the Apocyanaceae secrete a latex which furnishes rubber of good quality.
These vines are less satisfactory than trees as rubber producers, owing to the readiness with which they are injured and destroyed by careless tapping, and to the difficulty of regulating these methods in the case of vines distributed over enormous areas of forest.
Of these vines the most important are the species of Landolphia which occur throughout tropical Africa, including the Sudan, Congo, Mozambique and Madagascar, the principal of which are Landolphia owariensis and L.
The rubber is obtained by incising the stems of the vines and coagulating the latex by exposure, by admixture with acid vegetable juices or by heating.
The vines of species of Clitandra and Carpodinus in W.
There were 163,000 orange trees and nearly 60,000 other citrus trees, 430,000 grape vines, 276,000 pine plants and 78,000 banana plants.
On the outside, in very high relief, are figures of Bacchus with vines and panthers, some portions being hollow from within, others fixed on the exterior.
The soil is very fertile; wheat, Indian corn, olives, vines, fruit trees of many kinds cover both the plain and the surrounding hills; the chief non-fruit-bearing trees are the stone pine, the cypress, the ilex and the poplar, while many other varieties are represented.
Some of the American varieties have been introduced into France and other countries infested with Phylloxera, to serve as stocks on which to graft the better kinds of European vines, because their roots, though perhaps equally subject to the attacks of the insects, do not suffer so much injury from them as the European species.
5 1 ° 55' In former centuries vines were cultivated to the north of this region, as, for instance, in Holland, in Belgium largely, and in England, where they might still be grown.
For currants and raisins, both produced by varieties of the grape-vine, see the respective articles.] Apart from their economic value, vines are often cultivated for purely ornamental purposes, owing to the elegance of their foliage, the rich coloration they assume, the shade they afford, and their hardihood.
Vines have woody climbing stems, with alternate, entire or palmately lobed leaves, provided at the base with small stipules.
Seedling plants from the cultivated vines often produce unisexual flowers, thus reverting to the feral type.
Young vines raised from eyes, i.e.
The vines should be planted inside the house, from 1 to 2 ft.
When the vines are in flower, and when the fruit is colouring, the evaporating troughs should be kept dry, but the aridity must not be excessive, lest the red spider and other pests should attack the leaves.
In the course of the season the borders (inside) will require several thorough soakings of warm water - the first when the house is shut up, this being repeated when the vines have made young shoots a few inches long, again when the vines are in flower, and still again when the berries are taking the second swelling after stoning.
There are three principal systems of pruning vines, termed the long-rod, the short-rod and the spur systems, and good crops have been obtained by each of them.
The cultivation of vines in pots is very commonly practised with good results, and pot-vines are very useful to force for the earliest crop. The plants should be raised from eyes, and grown as strong as possible in the way already noted, in rich turfy loam mixed with about one-third of horse dung and a little bone dust.
The perithecia are only produced exceptionally in Europe, but this stage of the life-history is common in the United States and causes a widely spread disease among the American vines.
The means which have proved most efficacious, both as a remedy and a preventive of this disease, is to scatter flowers of sulphur over mthe vines, before the morning dew has evaporated.
Another fungus which at tacks vines, especially those of America, is Plasmopara viticola, which has also been introduced from America to Europe.
The iron sulphate solution should be used while the vines are in a dormant condition, and diseased parts should be cleared away and burned, The black rot, like the Uncinula and Plasmopara, is also American in its origin.
Vines and olive-trees were little cultivated, the former having been first introduced in the neighbourhood of Sirmium by Probus.
The cultivation of wheat, vines and olives, and European domestic animals were introduced.
Their country was rich in figs, vines and olive trees; the silver mines in the mountain range of Dysorum brought in a talent a day to their conqueror Alexander.
On this barren summit lay a wide flat depression, surrounded with rugged walls of rock, which were festooned with wild vines.
Oaks and wild prunus, wild vines and sumachs, various kinds of maple, the dOdan (Enkianthus Japonicus Hook.)a wonderful bush which in autumn develops a hue of ruddy redbirches and other trees, all add multitudinous colors to the brilliancy of a spectacle which is further enriched by masses of feathery bamboo.
There is a considerable area under vines, but it is generally more profitable to sell the fruit as grapes than to convert it into wine.
A permanent settlement was established on both sides of the river about 1630 under the leadership of Richard Vines (1585-1651) and was named Saco.
" The symptoms of the disease, by means of which an infected spot may be readily recognized, are as follows: The vines are stunted and bear few leaves, and those small ones.
If, however, the insect were content with this method of reproduction the disease could be isolated by surrounding the infected patches with a deep ditch full of some such substance as coal-tar, which would prevent the insects spreading on to the roots of healthy vines.
The particular species of phylloxera which attacks the vine is a native of the United States, probably originating among the wild vines of the Colorado district.
From 1858 to 1863 there were many importations of American vines for grafting purposes to Bordeaux, Roquemaure and other parts of France, England, Ireland, Germany, Portugal, &c. It is practically certain that the deadly phylloxera was imported on these plants.
In 1868 Planchon proved that the disease was due to a new species of phylloxera, which was invariably found on the roots of the affected vines, and to which he accordingly gave the prophetic name of Phylloxera vastatrix.
There was only one country where its ravages were long unimportant; that was its home in the United States, where the native vines had become, by the operation of natural selection, immune to its attacks.
These methods were chiefly advocated in vineyards of the first class, where it was worth while to spend a good deal of money and labour to preserve the old and famous vines: the Château Leoville Poyferre and Clos Vougeot are instances.
The third plan, which consists in replanting the affected vineyard with American vines - such as the Vitis labrusca, V.
Farther west two narrow belts of timber, consisting mostly of stunted post oak and black jack, and known as the Eastern and Western Cross Timbers, cross the prairies southward from the Red river, and a low growth of mesquite, other shrubs and vines are common in the eastern half of the Prairie Plains.
Vines are cultivated on a large scale, and tobacco is grown in the south.
They contain a rich abundance of fruit trees, especially vines, oranges, lemons and figs, and in some parts present scenes of almost Alpine grandeur.
The early colonists found quite half the surface of the archipelago covered with dense, evergreen forest, a luxuriant growth of pines and beeches, tangled and intertwined with palms, ferns of all sizes, wild vines and other parasites, and a rank, bushy, mossed undergrowth.
European fruit trees and vines flourish in certain localities, while in the drier regions the Australian wattle, gum trees and pepper trees have been introduced with success.
The Domesday Survey, besides testifying to the agricultural activity of the country, mentions over one hundred salt-works and numerous valuable fisheries, vines at Chart Sutton and Leeds, and cheese at Milton.
Pliny speaks of the whiteness of its linen, and the productiveness of its vines is mentioned.
In the temperate uplands of the interior, as about Luang Prabang, Himalayan and Japanese species occur - oaks, pines, chestnuts, peach and great apple trees, raspberries, honeysuckle, vines, saxifrages, Cichoraceae, anemones and Violaceae; there are many valuable timber trees - teak, sappan, eagle-wood, wood-oil (Hopea), and other Dlpterocarpaceae, Cedrelaceae, Pterocarpaceae, Xylia, ironwood and other dye-woods and resinous trees, these last forming in many districts a large proportion of the more open forests, with an undergrowth of bamboo.
The lime-leaf " nail-galls " of Phytoptus tiliae closely resemble the " trumpet-galls " formed on American vines by a species of Cecidomyia.
Vines are cultivated in the neighbourhood.
Wheat, fruit, vines and cotton are largely grown, and cattle and sheep are bred.
Peasants from the south of France, whose vines had been destroyed by the phylloxera, crossed the Mediterranean and established in Algeria an important vineyard.
Apricots, peaches, pears and some vines are grown, as also some cotton-trees near the town of Kulja, where the average yearly temperature is 48°.
Among indigenous fruit-bearing trees, shrubs and vines the state has the bird cherry, black cherry, blueberry, cranberry, raspberry, blackberry, gooseberry, strawberry, grape and black currant; and conspicuous among a very great variety of shrubs and flowering plants are the rose, dogwood, laurel, sumac, holly, winterberry, trilliums, anemones, arbutuses, violets, azaleas, eglantine, clematis, blue gentians, orange lilies, orchids, asters and golden rod.
Here they found the "self-sown" wheatfields and vines of Leif's Vinland, and here accordingly they settled and built their huts above the lake (1004-1005).
z It appears from a letter from Mayhew to Governor Andros in 1675 that about 1641 Mayhew obtained a conveyance to Martha's Vineyard from Richard Vines, agent of Gorges.
As on his outward voyage, Leif was again driven far out of his course by contrary weather - this time to lands (in America) "of which he had previously had no knowledge," where "self-sown" wheat grew, and vines, and "m&sur" (maple?) wood.
Thus (in Flatey) the grapes of Vinland are found in winter and gathered in spring; the man who first finds them, Leif's foster-father Tyrker the German, gets drunk from eating the fruit; and the vines themselves are spoken of as big trees affording timber.
Wheat and other cereals are cultivated, with fruits of many kinds, olives, and vines which yield a wine of fair quality; while saffron is largely produced, and some attention is given to the keeping of bees and silkworms. Stock-farming, for which the wide plains afford excellent opportunities, employs many of the peasantry; the bulls of Albacete are in demand for bull-fighting, and the horses for mounting the Spanish cavalry.
The neighbourhood produces wheat, barley, olives and vines in abundance.
Vines are cultivated on the neighbouring hills, and there is a trade in wine and corn.
in height, is predominant, and on account of the dense undergrowth chiefly of ferns and climbing vines, forms the most impenetrable of the forests; its hard wood is used chiefly for fuel.
Perez says that the Sarare branch of the Apure has formed a gigantic dam across its own course by prodigious quantities of trees, brush, vines and roots, and thus, impounding its own waters, has cut a new channel to the southward across the lowlands and joined the Arauca, from which the Sarare may be reached in small craft and ascended to the vicinity of Pamplona.
On this estate, devoted to the cultivation of cereals, olives, vines and to pasturage, are colonies of Europeans and natives.
The defects which cause gardeners to speak of certain vines as " shy setters," and of certain strawberries as " blind," may be due either to unsuitable conditions of external temperature, or to the non-accomplishment, from some cause or other, of cross-fertilization.
hot-water pipes, which would perhaps be best placed if all laid side by side, while the vines are planted in front and trained upwards under the roof.
A second set of vines may be planted against the back wall, and will thrive there until the shade of the roof becomes too dense.
The heating and ventilating arrangements are much the same as in the lean-to, only the top sashes which open are on the back slope, and therefore do not interfere so much with the vines on the front slope.
7), the most elegant and ornamental form, is especially adapted for isolated positions; indeed, no other form affords so much roof space for the development of the vines.
It is a common mode of propagating vines, the eyes being in this case cut from the ripened leafless wood.
Cucumber and melon plants and vines reared from eyes are sometimes started in this way, both for the reason above mentioned and because it prevents the curling of the roots apt to take place in plants raised in pots.
- Prune apricots, peaches, nectarines and plums, before the buds are much swelled; finish pruning apples, pears, cherries, gooseberries, currants and raspberries, before the end of the month; also the dressing of vines.
Commence or continue the forcing of the various choice fruits, as vines, peaches, figs, cherries, strawberries, &c: Pot roots of mint and place in heat to produce sprigs for mint sauce.
Be careful to protect the stems of vines that are outside the forcing-houses.
If vines have been neglected to be pruned, rub off the buds that are not wanted; this is safer than pruning now.
Prune early vines and peaches.
Dress vines and peaches.
At this season roses, grape vines and other plants are often affected by mildew; an effectual remedy is to paint the hot-water pipes with a mixture of sulphur and lime, put on as thick as ordinary whitewash, once each week until it is checked; but care must be taken not to apply it on any surface at a higher temperature than 212°.
The borders must be covered sufficiently deep with leaves or manure to prevent the soil from freezing, as it would be destruction to the vines to start the shoots if the roots were frozen; hence, when forcing is begun in January, the covering should be put on in November, before severe frosts begin.
But little can be done in most of the northern states as yet, and in sections where there is no frost in the ground it is likely to be too wet to work; but in many southern states this will be the best month for planting fruit trees and plants of all kinds, particularly strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, pear and apple trees, while grape vines will do, though they will also do well quite a month later.
Raspberries, grape vines, &c., that have been laid down may now be uncovered and tied up to stakes or trellises, and all new plantations of these and other fruits may now be made.
Tobacco dust will dislodge most of the numerous kinds of slugs, caterpillars or worms that make their appearance on the young shoots of vines or trees.
If grape vines show any signs of mildew, dust them over with dry sulphur, selecting a still warm day.
Keep sweet potatoes hoed to prevent the vines rooting at the joints.
Little can be done in the flower garden, except to clean off all dead stalks, and straw up tender roses, vines, &c., and, wherever there is time, to dig up and rake the borders, as it will greatly facilitate spring work.
Fruit trees and grape vines generally should be pruned; and, if the wood of the vine is wanted for cuttings, or scions of fruit trees for grafts, they should be tied in small bundles and buried in the ground until spring.
In sections where it is an advantage to protect grape vines, raspberries, &c., from severe frost, these should be laid down as close to the ground as possible, and covered with leaves, straw or hay, or with a few inches of soil.
Barron, Vines and Vine Culture; G.
The level country, including both Lower Bavaria (extending northwards to the Danube) and the western and middle parts of Franconia, is productive of rye, oats, wheat, barley and millet, and also of hemp, flax, madder and fruit and vines.
The physiology of the fungi comes under the head of that of plants generally, and the works of Pfeffer, Sachs, Vines, Darwin and Klebs may be consulted for details.
from its source, flows past the town of Sora, and has a very tortuous course from thence to the sea at Minturnae; its lower valley is for the most part of considerable width, and forms a fertile tract of considerable extent, bordered on both sides by hills covered with vines, olives and fruit trees, and thickly studded with towns and villages.
The lowest, up to about 3000 ft., is the zone of cultivation, where vegetables, and above them where water is more scanty, vines and olives flourish.
The saga says that he was "tossed about" on this long voyage, and came upon an unknown country, where he found "selfsown wheatfields, and vines," and also some trees called "mosur," of which he took specimens.
most region of Vinland, the saga says: "They found self-sown wheatfields in the lowlands, but vines everywhere on higher places..
"Vines" were found only in the southernmost regions visited by Karlsefni.
It is to be noted that the word "vines" is more prominent in the Hauk's Book narrative than the word "vinber."
The vines are grown on artificial banks, probably for want of the necessary wood to trellis them - the grapes being largely exported in a semi-dried state.
In the valley of the Saale and Elbe (near Dresden), and in lower Silesia (between Guben and Grunberg), the number of vineyards is small, and the wines of inferior quality; but along the Rhine from Basel to Coblenz, in Alsace, Baden, the Palatinate and Hesse, and above all in the province of Nassau, the lower slopes of the hills are literally covered with vines.
The vines of the lower Main, particularly those of Wurzburg, are the best kinds; those of the upper Main and the valley of the Neckar are rather inferior.
is considerable, the whole of the north and north-east coast from the Bay of Castellammare round to Catania is an endless succession of orchards, in which oranges, citrons and lemons alternate with olives, almonds, pomegranates, figs, carob trees, pistachios, mulberries and vines.
Rubber vines, mahogany, ebony and many valuable timber trees are found in the forest zone.
The vines are trailed on treiliswork, and form agreeable avenues in the gardens of Cairo.
Both sides of the valley are planted in terraces with olives, vines and other fruit trees.
Houses built in the Italian style with terraced roofs, shadowed by luxuriant vines, and surrounded by gardens of oranges and pomegranates, give to the town a picturesque and pleasing aspect.
(A, C, E, F, G, H, K, L, M 1 M 2 from Engler and Prantl, Pfianzenfamilien,by permission of Wilhelm Engelmann; B 1, N from Vines, Students' Text Book of Botany, by permission of Swan Sonnenschein and Co.; B 2, D.
(A from Cooke, British Freshwater Algae, by permission of Kegan Paul, Trench, Triibner and Co.; C, E, F, G, H, K from Engler and Prantl, by permission of Wilhelm Engel mann; B 1 from Vines, by permission of Swan Sonnenschein and Co.; B2, D from Oltmanns, by permission of Gustav Fischer.) protoplasts.
Here flourish vines and cereals.
In the 15th century, when the Servian prince George Brankovich became lord of Tokay, in Hungary, he planted vines from Semendria on his estates there; and from these came the famous white wine Tokay.
The surrounding hills are covered with vines, and to the east there is an extensive salt lagoon.
The Kabyles understand grafting, have fine orchards and grow vines.
The vines are sometimes trained on trellises, but most frequently over ridges of earth 8 or io ft.
Rubber vines and trees are abundant, but in some districts their number has been considerably reduced by the ruthless methods adopted by native collectors of rubber.
From Vines's Students' TextBook of Botany, by permission of Swan, Sonnenschein & Co.
There he spent much of his time in writing, though he accompanied the king's commissioners to London, and afterwards to the ineffectual convention at Uxbridge in 1645, where he disputed with Richard Vines, one of the parliamentary envoys.
Fruit grows in abundance, especially around Jena, and vines are cultivated with great success on the banks of the Saale.
The dense forests also contain many varieties of lianas or rubber vines, huge bombax and bamboos.
Vines were first introduced by the Franciscans in 1771 from Spain, and until after 1860 " Mission "grapes were practically the only stock in California.
" The state has such a variety of soil, slope, elevation, temperature and climatic conditions as to reproduce, somewhere within its borders, any wine now manufactured " (United States Census, 1900); but the experience has not yet divided the state into districts of specialized produce, nor determined just how far indigenous American vines may profitably be used, either as base or graftings, with European varieties.
Thus the planting of French and German vines in other countries (e.g.
On the other hand, the replanting of some of the French vineyards (after the ravages due to the phylloxera) with American vines, or, as was more generally the case, the grafting of the old French stock on the hardy American roots, resulted, after a time, in many cases, in the production of wines practically indistinguishable from those formerly made.
Many remedies for this disease have been suggested, including total submersion of the vineyards, the use of carbon bisulphide for spraying, and of copper salts, but there appears to be little doubt that a really serious epidemic can only be dealt with by systematic destruction of the vines, followed by replanting with resistant varieties.
This, of course, naturally leads to the production of a wine somewhat different in character to that produced before the epidemic, but this difficulty may be overcome to some extent, as it was in the Bordeaux vineyards, by grafting ancient stock on the roots of new and resistant vines.
There are large tracts of gently undulating or relatively flat country which is, inasmuch as it ensures effective exposal of the vines to the sun, of a type particularly suited to viticulture.
The principal vines grown in the Medoc are the Cabernet-Sauvignon, which is the most important, the Gros Cabernet, the Merlot, the Carmenere, the Malbec, and the Verdot.
The method of vine cultivation is peculiar and characteristic. The vines are kept very low, and as a rule only two branches or arms, which are trained at right angles to the stem, are permitted to form.
The vines, the methods of viticulture and vinification as regards the red wines of the Graves district, are similar to those of the Medoc. The wines are, if anything, slightly fuller in body and more alcoholic than those of the latter region.
The soil consists chiefly of mixed clay and gravel, or clay and limestone, and the vines chiefly used are the Sauvignon, the Semillon and the Muscatelle.
The grapes are allowed to remain on the vines some three to four weeks longer than is the case in the Medoc, and the result is that they shrivel up and become over-ripe, and so contain relatively little water and a very large quantity of sugar.
The chief red vines of the champagne district are the Plant-dore, Franc-Pineau and the Plant vert dore.
The influence of the soil on one and the same vine is interestingly illustrated by the different character of the vines grown in those districts, the Beaujolais wines having far greater distinction than those of Macon.
Other important vines are the Perruno and the Mantua Castellano.
Here all is rock, gorge, almost inaccessible mountain, precipice and torrent, while over or along all these rude features of nature are drawn countless lines of stone walls by which man makes or supports the soil in which the vines find their subsistence..
The method of cultivation is generally that of a rational low culture, and in this respect differs from that employed in other parts of the country, where the vines are either trained on trees or over trellis-work at some height from the ground.
In the lower lands, therefore, it is customary to plant, in addition to the Riessling, vines such as Osterreicher and Kleinberger, which mature more readily than the former.
Other vines, such as the Orleans and the Traminer, are also found in small quantities in the Rheingau.
The vines are to a great extent still trained on trees or trellis-work, or allowed to grow among the rest of the vegetation in the most casual manner.
In California there are, in addition to the native growths, vines from almost every European wine-growing centre, and the produce of these goes by such names as.
At the present time there are about 280,000 acres under the vine in California, and the number of vines is about 90 millions.
The Catawba is the chief growth of the Lake Erie district; the other important vines being the Delaware and Concord.
It is equally a soul or spirit in wine which inspires the intoxicated; the old Egyptian kings avoided wine at table and in libations, because it was the blood of rebels who had fought with the gods, and out of whose rotting bodies grew the vines; to drink the blood was to imbibe the soul of these rebels, and the frenzy of intoxication which followed was held to be possession by their spirits.
He adduced the example of vines taken to the West Indies from Madeira, which have been found to succeed better than those taken directly from France.
Fruit and vines are largely cultivated in the neighbourhood.
Here, and also in the upper Limpopo valley, cotton, tobacco, and rubber vines are found.
The bush vines of this region are more exposed to the attacks of Oidium Tuckeri, which invaded the country in 1851, and of Phylloxera vastatrix, which followed in 1863, than the more deeply-rooted vines trained on trellises or trees.
Both these pests have been successfully combated, largely by the use of sulphur and by grafting immune American vines upon native stocks.
in diameter at the ground, the chestnut is found to make durable hoops for casks and props for vines; and of a larger size it makes good hop-poles.
Smilax, clematis, honeysuckle and woodbine are the commoner forest vines.
Over 17,000 acres are planted with vines, and some 350,000 acres are under cotton.
This region, called by Rumans " the district of vines, " is the most fertile portion of the country.
To combat the phylloxera, the government ordered the destruction of all infected vines, distributed immune American stocks and established schools of viticulture.
The first Dutch settlers planted small vineyards, while the cuttings of French vines introduced by the Huguenots about 1688 have given rise to an extensive culture in the southwestern districts of the colony.
It is computed that over 600 gallons of wine are produced from l000 vines.
The vines number about 80,000,000, and the annual output of wine is about 6,000,000 gallons, besides 1,50o,000 gallons of brandy.
Owing to greater care on the part of growers, and the introduction of FrenchAmerican resistant stocks to replace vines attacked by the phylloxera, the wines in the early years of the 10th century again acquired a limited sale in England.
Vines are grown and cotton planted in those districts.
(5) Observations upon the Growth and Culture of Vines and Olives (1706).
It possesses rich meadowlands, cornfields, orchards, gardens, and hills covered with vines.
Before the appearance of Phylloxera in 1882 wine was exported to France and Switzerland, but in1882-1895thousands of acres of vines were destroyed.
Phylloxera was checked by the importation of American vines and the establishment of schools of viticulture.
Among indigenous trees, shrubs and vines that bear edible fruits or nuts the state has the blackberry, grape, pawpaw, persimmon, plum, crabapple, hickory, chestnut and hazel nut.
It is very fertile, and the population is engaged in the cultivation of vines and fruit and in fishing.
At the base are found vines and maize; on the lower slopes are green pastures, or wheat, barley and other kinds of corn; above are often forests of oak, ash, elm, &c.; and still higher the yew and the fir may be seen braving the climatic conditions.
Vines, in particular, are the entrails of Chokanipok.
Rashi and his family worked in the vines of Troyes (in the Champagne); in his letters he describes the structure of the winepresses.
Almost all kinds of vegetables and garden-fruits, oranges, rice, hemp and other products are generally grown solely or mainly on irrigated land, whereas most kinds of grain, vines and olives are cultivated chiefly on dry soil.
The Spanish vines have suffered, like those of France, from mildew and phylloxera.
The vines whose fruit is intended for table use as grapes or raisins are trained on espaliers or on trees, especially the nettle-tree (Celtis ausiralis)
Some 1500 acres in the vicinity of the town are planted with vines.
(After Sachs.) (From Vines' Students' Text-Book of Botany, by permission of Swan Sonnenschein & Co.) FIG.
Pollen-grains are also spherical; cylindrical and curved, as in Tradescantia virginica; C From Vines' Students' Text-Book of Botany, by permission of Swan Sonnenschein & Co.
Closely related to the typical aphides is Phylloxera vastatrix, the insect which causes enormous loss by attacking the leaves and roots of vines.
These hills are densely clothed to their summits with an exuberant growth of olives, figs, myrtles, laurels, oranges, aloes, vines and other sub-tropical plants.
Several species of Nyssa are common to the two districts, as are a climbing palm, two vines, a magnolia, &c. The common tree at Bovey is Sequoia Couttsiae, which probably grew in profusion in the sheltered valleys of Dartmoor, close to the lake.
Among indigenous shrubs and vines are the hazel, blackberry, gooseberry, whortleberry, huckleberry, grape and cranberry.
We took a quick trip to the Carling Stage where we caught Youth Group, who apparently feature the bassist from the Vines.
bower shaded by trees, vines, shrubs etc, especially when trained about a trellis.
The vines in the patch in front of the row were glowing crimson, purple and gold.
danglehair is like strands of vines dangling down from the rain forest.
downy mildew on grape vines, caused by the pathogen Plasmopara viticola.
gourd vines to spare.
grapes on vines with a variety of vegetables grown in season.
Orange trees, mimosas and vines coat the slopes above a coastline of rocky coves, craggy headlands and rugged cliffs.
liana vines and luxuriant foliage are now in place.
A holiday in Kassiopi has the magnificent backdrop of Mount Pantokrator and hills covered with olive groves, vines and citrus plantations.
Adopt an English row of vines with Lunch £ 119.00 +p&p Rent a Row of English vines, plus lunch and wine for two!
Despite their sometimes self-destructive impulses in 2004 The Vines are back, stronger and more focussed than ever.
And like the profuse intertwining vines, this Garden of Eden weaves a magic spell that blinds love forever.
spindly arms reach up to the ceiling like growing vines.
Vines are trained on high trellises for mechanical pruning and harvesting.
The plants are sprawling vines with edible underground stem tubers.
Every part is richly decorated with flowers (including tulips ), hearts, twisting vines, and grotesque heads of humans and animals.
twinetead, climbing and twining vines are actually amazing plants.
Inland the farmers start preparing the land, tending the vines and planting the grain.
If your boundaries are made of high fences they can be easily broken up with flower beds or creeping vines.
I especially like the small Xmas lights hidden in plants and interwoven throughout a trellis with climbing vines.
Lianas Lianas are climbing woody vines that festoon rainforest trees.
The shell of the Great Hall still stands, now covered with flowering vines.
Produced from 50 year-old vines it offers real complexity.
Produces an abundant yield of tasty cucumbers on vigorous vines.
There are also a number of old vineyard stock grape vines.
There are fruit trees, very nice flower garden and trellis vines.
vinifera vines that have been grafted onto North American species rootstock.
One hundred percent Syrah from 45 year old vines, with traditional vinification and 15 months barrel aging.
There is a nice restaurant with tables set out under vines, local bars and riverside walks.
wisteria vines covering the terrace.
woody vines provided with tendrils.
Improved methods are being adopted for protecting vines against disease, and the importation of American vines has now ensured immunity against a repetition of former disasters.
It is a railway junction of some consequence, with cultivation of vines, fruit and vegetables, brewing, tanning, &c. Diedenhofen is an ancient Frank town (Theudonevilla, Totonisvilla), in which imperial diets were held in the 8th century; was captured by Conde in 1643 and fortified by Vauban; capitulated to the Prussians, after a severe bombardment, on the 25th of November 1870.
ear-cockle of wheat; Cephalobus rigidus (Schn.), on oats; Heterodera radicicola (Greef), on the roots of tomatoes, cucumbers, potatoes, turnips, peach-trees, vines and lettuce, and many other plants.
Thus the greater part of Tuscany, and the provinces thence to Rome, enjoy a mild winter climate, and are well adapted to the growth of mulberries and olives as well as vines, but it is not till after passing Terracina, in proceeding along the western coast towards the south, that the vegetation of southern Italy develops in its full luxuriance.
Among indigenous shrubs and vines are the blackberry, dewberry, strawberry, yellow jasmine, mistletoe and poisonoak; and among medicinal herbs are horehound, ginger and peppermint.
The cultivated plants of the Indian region include wheat, barley, rice and maize; various millets, Sorghum, Penicillaria, Panicum and Eleusine; many pulses, peas and beans; mustard and rape; ginger and turmeric; pepper and capsicum; several Cucurbitaceae; tobacco, Sesamum, poppy, Crotolaria and Cannabis; cotton, indigo and sugar; coffee and tea; oranges, lemons of many sorts; pomegranate, mango, figs, peaches, vines and plantains.
He passed many sumptuary laws, and issued an edict forbidding the over-cultivation of vines to the neglect of corn-growing.
in circumference; it is shaped like the earthern amphoras with a foot far too small to support it, and must no doubt have had a stand, probably of gold; the greater part is covered with a most exquisite design of garlands and vines, and two groups of boys gathering and treading grapes and playing on various instruments of music; below these is a line of sheep and goats in varied attitudes.
5 1 Ã‚° 55' In former centuries vines were cultivated to the north of this region, as, for instance, in Holland, in Belgium largely, and in England, where they might still be grown.
In this case the vines are usually planted so that one can be trained up under each rafter, or up the middle of the sash, the latter method being preferable.
Thus it appeared in Austria-Hungary in 1868; in Italy, in spite of the frantic efforts made - as in other countries - to keep it out by strict legislation against the import of vines, in 1879; in Russia in 1880; in Germany, on the Rhine and Moselle, and in Switzerland in 1872; in Madeira, Spain and Portugal, about 1876.
One is to kill the phylloxera itself; another, to destroy it along with the infected vines, and plant fresh and healthy plants; the third, to adapt the secular therapeutics of nature, and to introduce American vines which a long acquaintance with the phylloxera has made immune of its ravages.
These methods were chiefly advocated in vineyards of the first class, where it was worth while to spend a good deal of money and labour to preserve the old and famous vines: the ChÃ¢teau Leoville Poyferre and Clos Vougeot are instances.
Apricots, peaches, pears and some vines are grown, as also some cotton-trees near the town of Kulja, where the average yearly temperature is 48Ã‚°.
After the date, vines, peaches, apricots, oranges, mangoes, melons and mulberries find special favour with the Rehbayin, who exhibit all the skill and perseverance of the Arab agriculturist of Yemen, and cultivate everything that the soil is capable of producing.
Force asparagus, sea-kale and rhubarb, in hotbeds, in pits, in the mushroom-house or in the open garden by the use of covers surrounded with warm litter; for cucumbers a top heat of 70 0; for vines in leaf and flower a temperature ranging from 65Ã‚° to 70Ã‚°.
At this season roses, grape vines and other plants are often affected by mildew; an effectual remedy is to paint the hot-water pipes with a mixture of sulphur and lime, put on as thick as ordinary whitewash, once each week until it is checked; but care must be taken not to apply it on any surface at a higher temperature than 212Ã‚°.
The principal industry is the collection of caoutchouc (see Rubber) from the rubber vines, which exist in seemingly inexhaustible quantities.
They saw a mass of tough green vines all matted together and writhing and twisting around like a nest of great snakes.
He built a house of some sticks and vines.
Adopt an English Row of Vines with Lunch £ 119.00 +p&p Rent a Row of English vines, plus lunch and wine for two !
Its spindly arms reach up to the ceiling like growing vines.
Every part is richly decorated with flowers (including tulips), hearts, twisting vines, and grotesque heads of humans and animals.
Instead, climbing and twining vines are actually amazing plants.
Most of the world 's vineyards are planted with European vinifera vines that have been grafted onto North American species rootstock.
At Arles sur Tech, an atmospheric hotel awaits, with peaceful gardens and wisteria vines covering the terrace.
They are herbaceous or woody vines provided with tendrils.
Dark woods are reminiscent of the stand of old growth olive trees, oaks, and grape vines.
When people think of Tuscany, they envision sprawling vineyards: rows of vines, sculpted cypress trees, rambling stone walls, winding dirt roads, weathered farmhouses, moss covered villas, blue skies and bright sun.
These fabrics, many of them reproductions of patterns from the 16th, 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries, come in a variety of motifs, from flowers to vines and the always-popular toile.
You may be artistic and want to paint a trellis of grape vines and grapes as a border with green, red and purple grapes.
Use tiles that form pine trees around your fireplace surround in your cabin in the woods, and cover your kitchen backsplash with chickens, roosters or grape vines if these are your passions.
The styles can range from English cottage rosebuds or vines to art deco and abstract.
Vine rugs come in a range of styles and colors, from rugs in tropical inspired colors with floral vines ringing the edges to bold colored rugs with floral vines running across the center of the rug.
All Modern: All Modern skips the traditional rugs and only sells modern styles like floral vines.
Roses, daisies and flowering vines are examples of floral patterns.
White columns in a lattice style can make your room look like you just entered a beautiful garden especially with rose vines around it.
Rose vines look beautiful around poles, columns and arches.
You can place plants and vines around the room to add even more romance.
Roses, vines, lights, specialty garland can turn a boring structure into something spectacular.
Centerpieces for tables or a trellis with ivy vines say that this is a sophisticated affair.
If you happen to have grape vines available you can use fresh.
If she does not want to wear a lei, however, a 'haku' or head lei made from various vines and tropical flowers is another option to consider.
Decorations can include paper lanterns, vines and garlands, fresh flowers and lights on the tent itself, depending on the company.
Brown is great for vines, trees or branches on the front of your program, which can compliment an outdoor wedding ceremony perfectly.
Wedding Paper Divas: Enticing images of vines, lace, and flowers adorn many of these beautiful invitations.
Decorate the cross with vines, leaves and drop flowers.
In addition, add beautiful flowers, vines and a few sparkly jewels to the dress.
Vineyard Vines: This site offers a couple of sailboat themed ties in boys' sizes.
The sweet Mignonette-like perfume of the flowers of many American Vines is in this species especially noticeable.
Other American Grape Vines worth growing, but possessing no particular value above those already described, are V. rupestris (the Sand Grape), arizonica, and cinerea (the Downy Grape).-W.
Whilst some vines are valuable for the walls of houses, others may be used for covering arbours, pergolas, the pillars of verandahs, old tree stumps, or sloping banks.
Most vines can be increased by cuttings or by single "eyes" treated as in the Grape Vine, though some can only be raised by seeds.
Californian Vitis (Vitis Californica) - This is the best of the American Grape Vines (excluding the Ampelopsis section) for color in autumn, and it is one of the strongest growers, climbing over lofty trees.
Vitis Henryana - Discovered in China by Dr Henry, and one of the most beautiful of Vines.
Though less vigorous than most wild Vines, it is one of the most graceful and distinct of the group, and its stems cling to the wall without nailing.
Vitis Inconstans - As with so many of the Vines, this shows great variety in the shape of the leaves, and this tendency shows itself also in the colors put on in autumn.
Vitis Romaneti - Has large leaves, differing from all the Vines in cultivation (except Spinovitis Davidi) in having the branches and petioles covered with bristles or stout hairs.
Cleaning up vines after pumpkins, squash, and fall beans have been harvested helps eliminate squash bugs and cucumber beetles, two very common pests.
Use them to keep small children and pets away from the water or let them be a place for vines to grow.
As you glance over the rack of seed packets at the garden center, you may wonder "what fruit grow on vines?"
Several fruits grow on vines, and most can be cultivated in the average garden.
Although most crops that grow on vines need a lot of space to spread out, new varieties of bush or miniature fruits allow even patio gardeners to cultivate fruits that grow on vines.
These fruits grow on vines and provide delicious, tasty treats.
Be sure to leave plenty of space, for most varieties need lots of room for their vines.
Many other varieties of melons grow on vines.
All grow on vines varying from 20 feet long to smaller types that can be grown in containers.When choosing other types of melons, experiment.
Another fruit that grows on vines is the grape.
Like many other fruit crops that grow on vines, grapes also need warm temperatures and plenty of sunshine to ripen.
Unlike melons, grape vines need to grow up and over a support, such as a wire or trellis, to allow the fruit to hang free to ripen and pick.Grapes also need very well drained, deep soil.
Most fruits that grow on vines are easy to grow and cultivate.
They produce vines and like to grab onto whatever is nearby.
Grape vine roots can spread out in a circle as large as six feet in diameter, so make sure you plant vines well away from underground wires, pipes, and other things that roots can interfere with.
Grapes are particularly fussy about drainage, which is why many gardeners recommend planting grape vines on a sunny slope.
The slope helps water drain away from the roots of the grape vines.
Once grape vines are established, they need regular pruning to thrive.
You should prune the vines when the winter is almost over, but spring growth has not yet started on the grape vines.
Pruning grape vines requires extensive instruction.
Ohio State University offers a printable PDF fact sheet on how to prune newly established grape vines.
If you've purchased grape vines in the box containers and you won't be able to plan them right way, place the roots in a bucket of water but be sure to plant them within a day or two.
Till the soil in the area where you want to plant the grape vines so that not only the planting area is well tilled, but the surrounding soil.
Sandy and rocky soil is actually better for grape vines than clay.
Be sure to water your newly planted grape vines thoroughly and keep them well watered for the first few months after planting.
Train your grape vines up the trellis or fence by tying vines along the supports.
Many pests and plant diseases affect grape vines.
Treat with the proper fungicides early in the season.Birds are the biggest culprit plaguing grape vines.
Use bird netting, an open mesh cloth, draped over the vines to keep birds away.
Pumpkin vines spread out, sometimes as much as 25 feet or more, so you need plenty of room to grow pumpkins.
In the suburban garden where space is at a premium, you can grow pumpkins along a fence such as a chain link fence so that the vines grow up and onto the fence for support rather than along the ground.
Make sure you leave enough space for the vines to grow.
If pumpkin vines start invading other parts of the garden, train onto stakes or up a fence to get them out of the way.
Long, twisting and turning vines often crawl the ground in the wild, or up trees.
The key is to create a way for the vines to climb upwards.
You will need several growing seasons before you will actually see the mature vines produce grapes.
During that time, the grower needs to prune vines that are damaged, especially after winter.
As the vines grow, they can easily become overgrown if not cared for.
Even birds can become a difficult pest for grape growers as they create nests in the vines or simply pick at the fruit.
While most honeysuckle vines do not share the same nasty reputation for aggressive growth for which bush honeysuckle varieties are infamous, some varieties can be invasive.
Plant vines in the early spring, keeping them well-watered until growth is well established.
Like all vines, honeysuckle vines need a support structure to climb.
These vines look beautiful climbing up a wall, fence or trellis, but never plant a honeysuckle vine close to a beloved tree.
Also known as woodbine, these vines are known for their ability to cling tenaciously to their support structures that they are able to cut off circulation in actively growing trees, essentially strangling them over time.
Honeysuckle vines are extraordinarily easy to care for.
Do not over water, and prune as necessary, and your honeysuckle vines will flourish.
Like many other groundcovers and vines, most honeysuckle varieties are easily propagated by cloning.
Willows naturally produce the auxins that stimulate root development, and will encourage your honeysuckle vines to send out new roots from the cut edge.
There are few things that make a garden more inviting than a network of fragrant vines twining around trellises and arbors.
You can find clematis vines that bloom anytime from spring through fall, but most have a specific time period in which they bloom.
These clematis vines need special winter care.
Clematis are climbing vines, growing up and over arches, arbors and other supports.
The vines, flowers and leaves contain an oil which can irritate the skin.
Wash your hands thoroughly after handling clematis vines for long periods of time.
Squash and beans use the corn stalks to support their vines, while beans make nitrogen available in the soil, which corn plants love.
Pick up images of Fleur-di-Lis, grape vines, ivy, Greek Keys or basketweaves and repeat them over the kitchen backsplash.
The 14KT gold oval locket is etched with stylized flowers and scrolling vines and leaves.
This favorite summer fruit has extremely soft skin and grows on vines at ground level.
The grapes are from low yielding vines from Amador, El Dorado and Lake Counties.
The two main types: decomposed granite and crushed volcanic rock both have excellent drainage which allows the grape vines to send down very deep roots.
Sixty-three per cent of their 2005 vintage is from Rochioli's original vines that were planted back in 1959, nine per cent from their sixteen-year-old hillside vineyards, and six per cent from their most recent plantings.
Grenache is a robust grape doesn't wilt under the hot Mediterranean sun, doesn't parch from dry air, and its sturdy vines don't break against a stiff wind.
It began in 1893 and there have been vines growing there ever since Horace and Minnie Chase started the winery.
He successfully has uprooted and replanted some of the old vines while preserving many of the best, particularly the Petite Sirah.
To begin with, the Vieilles Vignes indicates that the lush and jammy red wine is made from old vines dating back to 1920.
Ironically, this tough life of low moisture and poor soil produces low-yielding vines with high-quality and flavorful fruit.
The wine is produced unfiltered and unrefined, produced from 50-year-old vines.
There's the heat and sun of Death Valley that is unsuitable for lizards, much less Syrah vines.
There is testing being done on a daily basis to check for sugar levels and ripeness of the grapes on the vines.
The smell of fermenting grapes is in the air and the vines are just starting to turn color (and once the grapes are picked, that process is sped up considerably).
Columbia Crest Two Vines Merlot 2004 - At around $9 a bottle, this Washington wine from the Columbia Valley is a great buy.
And the valley is not large by other wine regions' standards, still, there are over 40,000 acres of vines planted with Merlot, Chardonnay, Zinfandel, Sauvignon Blanc, Syrah, Pinot Noir and other lesser varieties.
This large region has approximately 125,000 acres of land "under vines" with 87 AOC's.
This wine region is located on the Gulf of Lion in the Mediterranean Sea and is the largest wine producing region in France with an estimated 600,000 acres "under vines."