(1883); Samuelian, Bekehrung Armeniens (Vienna, 1844); Vetter, "Die arm.
592-611 and Vetter, Der Apocr.
Vetter, 1901; Lightfoot2, Apostolic Fathers, 1889.
MOTALA, a town of Sweden, in the district (l n) of Ostergotland, on the east side of Lake Vetter at the outflow of the river Motala, 175 m.
Between Lakes Vener and Vetter to Stockholm, Falun and the north; E.
It occupies both banks of the Motala, the wide and rapid emissary of lake Vetter, close to its outlet in the Bravik, an inlet of the Baltic. Having been burned by the Russians in 1719 and visited by further fires in 1812, 1822 and 1826, the whole town has a modern appearance, with wide and regular streets.
The order spread widely in Sweden and Norway, and played a remarkable part in promoting culture and literature in Scandinavia; to this is to be attributed the fact that the head house at Vastein, by Lake Vetter, was not suppressed till 1595.
Wooded, with innumerable lakes, including the four Low great lakes, Vener, Vetter, Malar and Hjelmar.
Vener, Vetter and Hjelmar are broad and open; Molar is very irregular in form, and of great length.
Molar, Vener and Hjelmar contain many islands; in Vetter there are comparatively few.
None of the lakes is of very great depth, the deepest sounding occurring in Vetter, 390 ft.
Above sea-level on the south-eastern shore of Vener, Billingen (978 ft.) between that lake and Vetter, and Omberg (863 ft.) on the eastern shore of Vetter.
South of the central lowlands the so-called Smaland highlands extend over the old province of Smaland in the south-east, and lie roughly south of Lake Vetter and of Gothenburg, S m aland where.
Lake Vetter drains eastward by the Motala to the Baltic, Lake Malar drains in the same direction by a short channel at Stockholm, the normal fall of which is so slight that the stream is sometimes reversed.
The most important of these are the Dala Sandstone (chiefly developed in Dalarne), the Almasakra and Visingso series (around Lake Vetter) and the Dalsland formation (near Lake Vener).
At this epoch the North Sea and the Baltic were connected along the line of Vener, Vetter, Hjelmar and Malar.
On the other side the White Sea was connected by Lakes Onega and Ladoga with the Gulf of Finland and the Baltic. In the depths of the Baltic and of Lakes Vener and Vetter there actually exist animals which belong to the arctic fauna and are remnants of the ancient ice-sea.
= Ganda, old; Ytt, = Ytter, outer; iR° Il° Bornholm B Longitude East 14° of Greenwich Map Scale, I:2,7:S0,000 English Miles ?o 60 at the south of lake Vetter-42.4°; and Vestervik (43 ft.) on the Baltic-43.2°.
At Boras, midway between the south end of Lake Vetter and the Cattegat, the average is 35.08 in., and 45.82 in.
Among the lower marine animals a few types of arctic origin are found, not only in the Baltic but even in Lakes Vener and Vetter, having remained, and in the case of the lakes survived the change to fresh water, after the disappearance of the connexion with the Arctic seas across the region of the great lakes, the Baltic, and north-east thereof.
The lowest mortality is found in the districts about Lakes Vener and Vetter; the highest in Norbotten, the east midland districts, Skane, and Goteborg och Bohus Lan.
The monastic church at Vadstena on Lake Vetter is a beautiful example of Gothic of the 14th and 15th centuries.
Gotaland consisted of the provinces of Vestergotland and Ostergotland divided from one another by Lake Vetter, together with Srrialand.
The great mechanical works are found at or near Malmo, Stockholm, JOnkoping, Trollhattan, Motala on Lake Vetter, Lund, Gothenburg, Karlstad, Falun and Eskilstuna, which is especially noted for its cutlery.
There are fortresses at Stockholm (Vaxholm and Oscar-Fredriksborg), Boden on the northern railway near the Russian frontier, Karlsborg on Lake Vetter, and Karlskrona; and there are forts at Gothenburg and on Gotland.
It occupies a beautiful but somewhat unhealthy position between the southern end of Lake Vetter and two small lakes, Roksjd and Munksjd.