Three hymns in the Rig Veda are addressed to him.
220, found at Colchester, dedicated to an unknown equivalent of Mars, Medocius, by one "Lossio Veda, nepos [=kin of] Vepogeni, Caledo."
The Veda, it is true, does not usually dilate much on the worst of these adventures.
The Veda contains devotional hymns; we can no more expect much narrative here than in the Psalms of David.
Unlike the modern Hindus, the Aryans of the Veda ate beef, used a fermented liquor or beer made from the soma plant, and offered the same strong meat and drink to their gods.
2 On the whole subject, Dr Muir's Ancient Sanskrit Texts, with translations, Ludwig's translation of the Rig Veda, the version of the Satapatha-Brahmana already referred to, and the translation of the Aitareva-Brahmana by Haug, are the sources most open to English readers.
The Indian epics and the Puranas belong to a much later date, and are full of deities either unknown to or undeveloped in the Rig Veda and the Brahmanas.
Of this drink it may well have been said in primitive times (cp. Rig Veda, ix.
Oldenberg, Die Religion des Veda (Berlin, 1894).
All the 114 hymns of the ninth book of the Rig Veda are in his praise.
In both the Rig Veda and Zend Avesta soma is the king of plants; in both it is a medicine which gives health, long life and removes death.
" India is waiting for her own divinely appointed apostle, who, whether Brahmin or non-Brahmin, shall connect Christianity with India's religious past, and present it as the true Vedanta or completion of the Veda and thus make it capable of appealing to the Hindu religious nature."
The mantras or sayings composing the Samhita of the Atharva Veda differ from those of the other Vedas by being in the form of spells rather than prayers or hymns, and seem to indicate a stage of religion lower than that of the Rig Veda.
The burning of widows on their husbands' funeral-pile was unknown, and the verses in the Veda which the Brahmans afterwards distorted into a sanction for the practice have the very opposite meaning.
The Aryan tribes in the Veda are acquainted with most of the metals.
The Gandharvas figure already in the Veda, either as a single divinity, or as a class of genii, conceived of as the body-guard of Soma and as connected with the moon.
In the Veda no tendency shows itself as yet towards rendering divine honour to the cow; and though the importance assigned her in an agricultural community is easily understood, still the exact process of her deification and her identification with the mother earth in the time of Manu and the epics requires further elucidation.
In the Rig Veda the gods (even those of storm) are again and again described as "born from the Rita," or born in it, according to it, or of it.
Buddhism repudiated the authority of the Veda, but found it needful to supply its place; and the word of the omniscient Teacher, faithfully reported by his disciples and guaranteed by concurrent traditions, became the rule of belief for the new Order.
In the Rig Veda, Aryaman- as a deity is most frequently coupled.
Perhaps it is safer to attribute theriomorphic shapes of 4 Rig Veda, x.
The " Purusha Sukta," the 90th hymn of the tenth book of the Rig Veda, gives us the Indian version of the theory that all things were made out of the mangled limbs of Purusha, a magnified non-natural man, who was sacrificed by the gods.
As this hymn gives an account of the origin of the castes (which elsewhere are scarcely recognized in the Rig Veda), it is sometimes regarded as a late addition.
308; Rig Veda, i.
The philosophical theory of the origin of things, a hymn of remarkable stateliness, is in Rig Veda, x.
The classical specimen of an advanced cosmogony is to be found in the Rig Veda (x.
ATHARVA VEDA, the fourth book of the Vedas, the ancient scriptures of the Brahman religion.
VARUNA, in early Hindu mythology, the greatest, with Indra, of the gods of the Rig Veda.
His doctrine was rooted in the old Iranian - or Aryan - folk-religion, of which we can only form an approximate representation by comparison with the religion of the Veda.
viii.; Hermann Oldenberg, Die Religion des Veda's, Berlin, 1894.
The origin of the name is doubtful, but is by some connected with indu, drop. His importance is shown by the fact that about 250 hymns celebrate his greatness, nearly one-fourth of the total number in the Rig Veda.
About 1866, when he had begun to teach and to gather disciples, he first saw the Christian scriptures, which he vehemently assailed, and the Rig Veda, which he correspondingly exalted, though in the conception which he ultimately formed of God the former was much more influential than the latter.
There is, however, in Travancore, on the mainland, a low-caste "Veda" tribe, nearly black, with wavy or frizzly hair, and now speaking a Malayalim (Dravidian) dialect (Jagor), who probably approach nearer than the insular Veddahs to the aboriginal pre-Dravidian "negrito" element of southern India and Malaysia.
Within Sanskrit itself probably two words have to be distinguished: (1) drya, the origin of Aryan, from which the usual term arya is a derivative; (2) arya, which frequently appears in the Rig Veda as an epithet of deities.
Even in this word probably two originally separate words have to be distinguished, for the further meanings which Grassmann in his dictionary to the Rig Veda attaches to it, viz.
The word arya- is not found as a national name in the Rig Veda, but appears in the Vajasaneyi-sainhita, where it is explained by Mahidhara as Vaisya-, a cultivator or a man of the third among the original four classes of the population.
Hopkins (India Old and New, 1901, p. 31) the Rig Veda was composed in the district about Umballa.
VISHNU (Sanskrit, "the worker," from root vish, "to work"), a solar deity, in later Hindu mythology a god of the first importance, one of the supreme trinity with Brahma and Siva, but in the Rig Veda only a minor deity.
He too is chiefly a creative or demiurgic being, answering to Purusha in the Rig Veda.
Ptah is the Egyptian Hephaestus; he is represented as a dwarf; men are said to have come out of his eye, gods out of his mouth - a story like that of Purusha in the Rig Veda.
Again, the religious sentiment of the Veda is half-consciously hostile to the stories.
Sometimes these myths are probably later than the Veda, mere explanations of ritual incidents devised by the priests.
The gods in the Veda are by no means always regarded as equal in supremacy.
As to the immortality and the origin of the gods, there is no orthodox opinion in the Veda.
This statement may be a mere way of speaking in the Veda, but it is a rather Hottentot way."
Indra is also referred to as a ram in the Veda, and in one myth this ram could fly, like the Greek ram of the fleece of gold.
Max Miller's translation of the Rig Veda unfortunately only deals w:ch the hymns to the Maruts.
The Rig Veda contains examples of the idea that the good become stars.
In the Atharva Veda, Yama, like Maui in New Zealand, first " spied out the path to the other world," which all men after him have taken.
In the Rig Veda (x.
2 Tenth Book of Rig Veda and " Brahmana " of Yajur-Veda; Muller, Selected Essays, i.
4 Fire concealed himself, in the Veda, was dragged from his hiding place by Matarigvan, and was given to the priestly clan of Bhrigu.
By a natural extension of the original meaning, the term brahma, in the sense of sacred utterance, was subsequently likewise applied to the whole body of sacred writ, the tri-vidya or "triple lo re" of the Veda; whilst it also came to be commonly used as the abstract designation of the priestly function and the Brahmanical order generally, in the same way as the term kshatra, " sway, rule," came to denote the aggregate of functions and individuals of the Kshatriyas or Rajanyas, the nobility or military class.
329; Oldenberg, Religion des Veda, pp. 85 f.
He shall then "live without a fire, without a house, without pleasures, without protection; remaining silent and uttering speech only on the occasion of the daily recitation of the Veda; begging so much food only in the village as will sustain his life, he shall wander about, neither caring for this world nor for heaven.
The Veda, that is to say, had existed in the divine mind ere it was made known to men, and as such it belonged to the realm of the deathless and the infinite.
So, too, fire-worship, especially of the sacrificial flame; the preparation of the intoxicating soma, which fills man with divine strength and uplifts him to the gods; the injunction to good thoughts and good works, imposed on the pious by Veda and Avesta alike: the belief in an unwavering order (rta)a law controlling gods and men and dominating them all; yet with this, a belief in the power of magical formulae (mantra), exclamations and prayers, to whose compulsion not merely demons (the evil spirits of deception druh) but even the gods (daeva) must submit; and, lastly, the institution of a priesthood of fire-kindlers (athravan), who are at once the repositories of all sacral traditions and the mediators in all intercourse between earth and heaven.
Furthermore, VEDA employs efficient rendering algorithms for real-time interaction.
Founder Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, born Mahesh Prasad Varma, built the program based on his studies with Swami Brahmananda Saraswati, or Guru Dev, who discovered a lost Veda meditation technique in ancient Hindu teachings.
In artistic representations, Brahma usually appears as a bearded man of red colour with four heads crowned with a pointed, tiara-like head-dress, and four hands holding his sceptre, or a sacrificial spoon, a bundle of leaves representing the Veda, a bottle of water of the Ganges, and a string of beads or his bow Parivita.
Now, in considering the body of writings connected with this Veda, we are at once confronted by the fact that there are two different schools, an older and a younger one, in which the traditional body of ritualistic matter has been treated in a very different way.
The life of the ancient Aryans, as portrayed in their sacred songs, the Rig Veda, was quasi-nomadic and in many ways democratic, but by the 6th century B.C. settled states had been formed in the Ganges valley.
So in the Atharva Veda (iv.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.