after his defeat of Valerian in A.D.
The choice was left to the senate, who unanimously selected Valerian (afterwards emperor).
But Valerian, well aware of the dangers and difficulties attaching to the office at such a time, declined the responsibility.
The De prelates of Valerian is concerned with secular princes, and even as late as the 14th century the title was occasionally applied to secular magistrates.
He died, probably in the year 254 (consequently under Valerian), at Tyre, where his grave was still shown in the middle ages.
258, in the reign of Valerian (NSI.
Their opportunity came with the disaster which befell the Roman army under Valerian (q.v.) at Edessa, a disaster, says ' The full text, both Greek and Palmyrene, with an English translation, is given in NSI, pp. 313-340.
After the captivity and death of Valerian, Gallienus succeeded to a merely nominal rule in the East, and was too careless and self-indulgent to take any active measures to recover the lost provinces.
Many herbs have had the power of curing all diseases attributed to them, and have hence had the name of "all-heal"; such have been, among others, the mistletoe, the woundwort (Stachys palustris), the yarrow or milfoil, and the great valerian.
Two other members of this distinguished family of the Valerian gens may be mentioned: Marcus Valerius Messalla, father of the preceding, consul in 53 B.C. He was twice accused of illegal practices in connexion with the elections; on the first occasion he was acquitted, in spite of his obvious guilt, through the eloquence of his uncle Quintus Hortensius; on the second he was condemned.
260 to 268, son of the emperor Valerian, was born about 218.
A rest for Mesopotamia seems to have followed; but in 258 Shapur, tempted by the troubles in the Roman empire, overran the country taking Nisibis and Carrhae, and investing Edessa, and .vhen Valerian invaded Mesopotamia he was eventually made prisoner, by Edessa (260).
Centranthus ruber (known as Pretty Betsy and Red Valerian): hardy, 2 to 3 ft., red.
This appears, on the one hand, in the use of expressions having a Modalistic ring about them - see especially the poems of Commodian, written about the time of Valerian - and, on the other hand, in the rejection of the doctrine that the Son is subordinate to the Father and is a creature (witness the controversy between Dionysius of Alexandria and Dionysius of Rome), as well as in the readiness of the West to accept the formula of Athanasius, that the Father and the Son are one and the same in substance (O,uoou6coc).
The emperor Valerian, who marched to encounter him, was overthrown at Edessa and taken prisoner (260).
(276293), the emperor Carus, burning to avenge the disaster of Valerian, penetrated into Mesopotamia without meeting opposition, and reduced Coche (near Seleucia) and Ctesiphon; but his sudden death, inil December of 283, precluded further success, and the Roman army returned home.
At an early age he entered the army, where he distinguished himself under the emperors Valerian, Claudius and Aurelian.
as bishop of Rome in 257, suffered martyrdom under Valerian on the 6th of August 258.
(Sapor) of Persia over the Roman emperor Valerian, A.D.
Bernhardt, Geschichte Roms von Valerian bis zu Diocletians Tod (1867); A.
28) to have suffered martyrdom under Valerian.
After the death of Decius Valerian retained the confidence of his successor, Trebonianus Gallus, who sent him to fetch troops to quell the rebellion of Aemilianus, governor of Moesia and Pannonia.
The soldiers in Raetia, however, proclaimed Valerian emperor; and marching slowly towards Rome he found both his rivals dead, slain by their own soldiers.
Valerian was about sixty-three years of age, and had scarcely the vigour to deal with the enemies that threatened every frontier of the empire.
Valerian chose for his own part the war in the East, where Antioch had fallen into the hands of a Persian vassal and Armenia was occupied by Shapur (Sapor) I., while in 258 the Goths ravaged Asia Minor.
Valerian recovered Antioch, fought in Mesopotamia with mixed success and finally was taken captive.
See Trebellius Pollio, Life of Valerian (frags.); Aurelius Victor, Caesares, 32; Eutropius ix.
At the end of the pavement stand the band and bridge ascribed to the Roman emperor Valerian.
by Roman workmen sent for by Valerian who had been captured by the Persian king in 260.
That Valerian had a part in constructing these remarkable works does not rest upon any historical basis; we may, however, believe that the Sassanian Ardashir, or his son Shapur I, finding that the river, having its bed in friable soil, was daily getting lower and finally threatened to leave the town and the Mian-do-ab district dry by not filling the Darian canal, engaged Roman workmen.
In 260 the city was besieged by the Persians under Shapur I., and Valerian was defeated and made prisoner by its gates.
The best known of these are cloves, pimento (allspice), myrtle, eucalyptus, caraway, fennel, dill, coriander, rosemary, lavender, peppermint, spearmint, nutmeg, cinnamon, sandal-wood, turpentine, juniper berries, valerian and sumbul.
To aid sleep consider the short term use of Valerian & Passion flower formula, and drink chamomile flower tea.
In damp patches marsh valerian, devil's-bit scabious, marsh ragwort, water avens, meadowsweet and can be found.
valerian rhizome will be invaluable in the short term.
Uncommon plants such as saw sedge, greater meadow rue and marsh valerian are found in the meadow.
Another well-known Mercury ruled planet, Valerian, has been used as a nerve sedative for centuries.
The exact ingredients are a trade secret, but they include valerian and chamomile.
It is said that the Pied Piper of Hamlyn used valerian to lure away the rats.
Avoid drinking coffee after lunchtime 8. Try natural supplements that may help sleep eg those containing valerian.
In the 19th century, it was custom among German women to take the herb valerian regularly as a stimulant.
Other plants of particular interest include red valerian, and a variety of hawkweeds.
Wet or moist ground supports scurvygrass Cochlearia officinalis, marsh-marigold Caltha palustris and common valerian Valeriana officinalis.
red valerian is a charming, long flowering and easy-to-grow native plant.
Add to basket Jacobs Ladder White Perennial Av 120 seeds £ 1.25 Polemonium caeruleum - Polemonium, Greek valerian, Charity.
valerian root will aid sleep if needed ).
valerian extract on sleep structure and sleep quality.
The small pink flowers of marsh valerian can also be found throughout the meadow, often in large numbers.
The date is usually put at the persecution of Valerian in 258.
It would almost have come to a rupture, since both parties held firmly to their standpoint, had not a new persecution arisen under the emperor Valerian, which threw all internal quarrels into the background in face of the common danger.
The same authorities recommend a powder, composed of larvicide (an aniline substance), chrysanthemum flowers, and valerian root, to be burnt in bedrooms. Anointing the skin with strong-smelling substances is of little use in the open air, but more effective in the house; turpentine appears to be the best.
An artificial aroma is sometimes given to tobaccos, especially for the " fillers " of cigars, by saucing or treating the leaves with a solution containing an infusion of fine quality tobacco stems, rum, sour wine and various flavouring materials such as oil of aniseed, tincture of valerian, powdered cloves, cinnamon and liquorice.
The defeat and captivity of the emperor Valerian (A.D.
261), Odainath took the side of Gallienus the son and successor of Valerian, attacked and put to death the usurper Quietus at Emesa (I.Ioms), and was rewarded for his loyalty by the grant of an exceptional position (A.D.
It is plain that her intellect had begun to fail just before her death, for she allowed the reigning favourite, Platon Zubov, to persuade her to despatch his brother Valerian, with the rank of field marshal and an army of 20,000 men, on a crack-brained scheme to invade India by way of Persia and Tibet.
In 251, when Decius revived the censorship with legislative and executive powers so extensive that it practically embraced the civil authority of the emperor, Valerian was chosen censor by the senate.
My back problem also seems to have eased - although I do n't know whether valerian also has muscle relaxant properties.
Valerian rhizome will be invaluable in the short term.
Red valerian is a charming, long flowering and easy-to-grow native plant.
St John 's wort flower can help some people with depression (and valerian root will aid sleep if needed).
Critical evaluation of the effect of valerian extract on sleep structure and sleep quality.
Valerian -may increase the effects of certain anti-seizure medications.
Valerian roots are a commonly used remedy for anxiety and sleep problems.
Valerian is generally considered safe but there are a few possible side effects that you should be aware of if you plan to try this herb.
Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) is a perennial plant with a very unpleasant smell.
Some animals like the smell, however, and valerian is sometimes planted far away from houses to encourage rodents to live there instead of coming indoors.
Surprisingly, the flowers of the valerian plant have a sweet smell.
People often take valerian as a sleep aid or to reduce anxiety.
Because valerian can act as a sedative, you should be careful if you will be driving or using machinery.
You may wish to try valerian for the first time before going to bed, and on a day when you can sleep late the next morning in case you continue to feel drowsy.
Allergic reactions to valerian are rare, but they do happen so always watch for unusual symptoms.
Normally valerian has a sedating effect on those who take it.
For them, valerian causes restlessness and anxiety.
While taking anticonvulsants, barbiturates, Benzodiazepines, antidepressants or medications for insomnia, you should not take valerian.
Valerian may also interact with statins, antihistamines or certain antifungal drugs.
If you expect to undergo surgery, make sure you discuss your use of valerian with your doctor well in advance.
Valerian can make anesthesia more effective.
Your doctor may have you taper off of valerian before surgery or may simply adjust the anesthesia accordingly.
The Office of Dietary Supplements recommends that women who are pregnant or nursing avoid taking valerian because there is not enough evidence to support its safety.
Children under three should also not take valerian for the same reason.
People who have been taking valerian for a long time may, in rare cases, experience withdrawal symptoms.
If you have been taking valerian for more than a month, it is wise to taper off gradually to avoid any unpleasant symptoms.
Valerian is generally considered safe with few side effects.
If your doctor agrees that valerian is safe for you, you may find it a helpful herb to help treat insomnia and anxiety with far fewer side effects than pharmaceutical drugs.
You may need to take valerian for several weeks before seeing improvement.
The "extra" in this tea is a shot of valerian, a soothing herb that promotes physical and mental well being.
The company blends the valerian with chamomile, spearmint and other soothing herbs to help alleviate insomnia.
A natural sedative, valerian is effective at lowering blood pressure because it relaxes the muscles surrounding the walls of veins and arteries.
Valerian can also be administered as an effective muscle relaxer to relieve the symptoms of chronic back pain.
Although often credited with being an ingredient in the drug Valium, valerian is not related to Valium in any way.
Pregnant or nursing women should not take Valerian.
Usually available as a tincture or in capsule form, valerian root can also be made into a relaxing tea.
Valerian has often been called nature's Valium.
Valerian has a characteristic sweetly pungent smell that many people consider rather unpleasant.
Be careful when operating heavy equipment or driving, as the effects of valerian can be quite potent.
These tablets contain three anxiety reducing ingredients - l-theanine, kava kava, melatonin and valerian.
Valerian root, or Valeriana officinalis, is a mild natural sedative that is sometimes used to treat depression and anxiety coupled with insomnia.
Because sleeplessness is a common symptom of depression, valerian root may be a good choice to help you relax and rest during times of emotional upset.
Valerian root is normally best used as a short-term remedy for up to four to six weeks.
If you feel you need to use valerian root for longer than this, consult a licensed herbalist or naturopath.
Like valerian root, kava kava is a natural sedative.
Cloud Nine Mood Relief: An herbal preparation that combines St. John's wort, valerian root, ashwaghanda and other herbs.
Valerian Root: Valerian root offers more immediate relief and is often used as an insomnia remedy as well as a calming remedy.
There's some evidence that valerian works with the neurotransmitter GABA in the central nervous system.
Valerian is available in capsule, tinctures or teas, but valerian has a very strong odor and taste.
The University of Maryland Medical Center also notes that Passion Flower may increase levels of GABA like valerian root.
Valerian: Valerian is normally used as a treatment for insomnia, but it also helps with anxiety and associated panic attacks.
It is quite strong and may make you sleepy, so you should not drive or operate machinery after taking valerian.
Valerian tincture or valerian root capsules offer similar benefits.
Chamomile: Chamomile is an herb long associated with relaxation, and like valerian is often cited as an herbal remedy for insomnia and anxiety.
Valerian helps calm your nervous system and can make you feel calm, which can aid in sleep.
If you're looking for herbal remedies, look for those that will help with anxiety and stomach problems such as Kava and Valerian Root: both are known for their calming agents.
Centranthus - C. macrosiphon, a hardy Spanish annual of the Valerian order, with pretty rose-colored flowers, is useful for the rock garden or flower border.
Red Valerian (Centranthus Ruber) - A handsome, hardy border plant from the Mediteranean, and an old inhabitant of gardens, often also naturalised.
Valerian (Valeriana) - Hardy perennial and mountain plants, of which the only one worth cultivating in a general way is the golden-leaved variety of V.
Valerian: Valerian, an herbal extract, is used to help decrease the length of time it takes you to fall asleep.
Valerian is a herbal extract and one of the most commonly used supplements to treat anxiety and insomnia.
There is little data on the effectiveness of valerian, but it is believe to improve the quality of sleep while also reducing the time it takes to fall asleep.
A benefit of valerian is that most people do not experience grogginess in the morning after having taken valerian the night before.
On the downside, there are mixed reports about the effectiveness of valerian.
In addition, some people may be sensitive to valerian and experience nightmares when taking this supplement.
People who persistently have trouble sleeping could benefit from valerian when taking it over a longer period of time.
Valerian may not be right for you if you are normally a good sleeper, but have some occasional trouble.
Although valerian is well-tolerated up to about six weeks, it should not be taken for longer than absolutely necessary.
The effect may be placebo in some cases, but Valerian and Chamomile are two teas that definitely help you sleep better.
Valerian is the most popular herbal sleep aid currently available in stores.
While valerian rarely causes side effects when taken at recommended doses, the herb may cause headaches, nausea, dizziness, and a weak heartbeat in some people when taken at high doses.
The American Academy of Family Physicians states that valerian is a safe remedy for insomnia.
Valerian is typically taken in capsule or tea form.
Valerian, or Valeriana officinalis, Valerian is a natural sleep aid.
Valerian also helps relieve anxiety, tension, intestinal pain and cramping and reduces menstrual pain.
One of the key benefits of valerian is that it does not cause any negative side effects.
Those who are regularly poor sleepers will benefit from valerian use.
Valerian plays a significant role in fold medicine.
Herbalists may recommend a valerian tea.
Valerian is an herb that is known as being effective for sleep disorders and anxiety.
Valerian: Valerian is another herb that has shown some benefit in managing insomnia.
Anxiety brought on by substance withdrawal is thought to be lessened by using other herbs, for example valerian, vervain, skullcap, and kava.
Among the botanical remedies that may be effective for sleep disorders are valerian (Valeriana officinalis), passionflower (Passiflora incarnata), and skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora).
However, time and time again clinicians have shown the main ingredient in Alteril, valerian, is effective at promoting healthy sleep.
A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 128 volunteers showed that valerian significantly improved the sleep habits of self-described poor sleepers and insomniacs by effectively reducing sleep latency.
In another randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study, all 16 participants were medically diagnosed insomniacs and all showed significant improvement over the course of two weeks while taking valerian.
Since Valerian is the main ingredient in Alteril, experts agree that the sleep aid should substantially help poor sleepers get a good night's rest.
Relaxation: Green tea, pure peppermint, hop cones, geranium, lavender, chamomile, nutmeg, marjoram, ylang ylang, valerian and eucalyptus.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.