Thymol may colour the urine green.
t' rhos, horse, o15pov, urine), benzoyl glycocoll or benzoyl amidoacetic acid, C 9 H 9 NO 3 or C 6 H 5 CO NH CH 2 CO 2 H, an organic acid found in the urine of horses and other herbivorae.
About the same time William Charles Wells (1757-1817), a scientific investigator of remarkable power, and the author of a celebrated essay on dew, published observations on alterations in the urine, which, though little noticed at the time, were of great value as assisting in the important discovery made some years afterwards by Richard Bright.
'They are quickly excreted in the urine, rendering it alkaline and thus more able to hold uric acid in solution.
It is found in the allantoic liquid of the cow, and in the urine of sucking calves.
In the interior organs there are indications of a compensating accumulation of blood, such as swelling of the spleen, engorgement (very rarely rupture) of the heart, with a feeling of oppression in the chest, and a copious flow of clear and watery urine from the congested kidneys.
Ethylene succinic acid occurs in amber, in various resins and lignites, in fossilized wood, in many members of the natural orders of Papaveraceae and Compositae, in unripe grapes, urine and blood.
In the animal kingdom, also, it is very widely distributed, being sometimes a normal and sometimes a pathological constituent of the fluids and tissues; in particular, it is present in large amount in the urine of those suffering from diabetes, and may be present in nearly all the body fluids.
The acetate and the citrate are valuable mild diuretics in Bright's disease and in feverish conditions, and by increasing the amount of urine diminish the pathological fluids in pleuritic effusion, ascites, &c. In tubal nephritis they aid the excretion of fatty casts.
In the animal kingdom it occurs in the urine of diabetic patients and of persons addicted to alcohol.
The urine becomes dark green in colour owing to the formation of various oxidation products such as pyrocatechin.
His chapter on the flea, in which he not only describes its structure, but traces out the whole history of its metamorphoses from its first emergence from the egg, is full of interest - not so much for the exactness of his observations, as for its incidental revelation of the extraordinary ignorance then prevalent in regard to the origin and propagation of "this minute and despised creature," which some asserted to be produced from sand, others from dust, others from the dung of pigeons, and others from urine, but which he showed to be "endowed with as great perfection in its kind as any large animal," and proved to breed in the regular way of winged insects.
On the latter they act as diuretics, but less powerfully than potassium, increasing the flow of water and the output of urea and rendering the urine less acid.
The treatment is far from satisfactory, and consists in keeping up the strength and diluting the poison in the blood and in the urine by the administration of bland fluids, such as soda-water, milk and plain water, in quantities as large as possible.
Lithium salts render the urine alkaline and are in virtue of their action diuretic. They are much prescribed for acute or chronic gout, and as a solvent to uric acid calculi or gravel, but their action as a solvent of uric acid has been certainly overrated, as it has been shown that the addition of medicinal doses of lithium to the blood serum does not increase the solubility of uric acid in it.
Two of them, on the urine and the pulse respectively, attained the position of medical classics.
It has long been known that when organic materials such as the dung and urine of animals, or even the bodies of animals and plants, are applied to the soil, the nitrogen within them becomes oxidized, and ultimately appears in the form of nitrate of lime, potash or some other base.
The first attempt to manufacture sal ammoniac in Europe was made, about the beginning of the 18th century, by Mr Goodwin, a chemist of London, who appears to have used the mother ley of common salt and putrid urine as ingredients.
In general, water, cows' urine and blood of swine are the materials used in ablutions.
The urine is nevertheless small in amount and contains albumen and blood owing to the local inflammation produced in the kidney by the passage of the poison through that organ.
Otherwise the alcohol will for the most part leave the body unused in the urine and the expired air.
Its administration causes the appearance in the urine of a salt of cubebic acid which is precipitated by heat or nitric acid, and is therefore liable to be mistaken for albumin, when these two most common tests for the occurrence of albuminuria are applied.
The small contracted kidney, which is so common in elderly gouty people, is usually associated with a very large secretion of urine containing only a minute trace of albumin.
The uric acid excreted in the urine (mostly in the form of urates) is markedly diminished.
To this end he examined such immediate vital products as blood, bile and urine; he analysed the juices of flesh, establishing the composition of creatin and investigating its decomposition products, creatinin and sarcosin; he classified the various articles of food in accordance with the special function performed by each in the animal economy, and expounded the philosophy of cooking; and in opposition to many of the medical opinions of his time taught that the heat of the body is the result of the processes of combustion and oxidation performed within the organism.
Traces of it may be detected in the urine within an hour of its administration, and most of it is eliminated within eight or ten hours.
If you love "Western medicine" and think all acupuncturists are "quacks," then you are not likely to heed (or even appreciate) your friend's well-meaning efforts to get you to drink your own urine for its health benefits.
He teaches how to eat, drink, cohabit, void excrement and urine, and the like, elevating what is mean, and does not falsely excuse himself by calling these things trifles.
After absorption into the blood, the acetates are oxidized to carbonates, and therefore are remote alkalies, and are administered whenever it is desired to increase the alkalinity of the blood or to reduce the acidity of the urine, without exerting the disturbing influence of alkalies upon the digestive tract.
Liquid manure, consisting of the drainings of dung-heaps, stables, cowsheds, &c., or of urine collected from dwelling houses or other sources, is a most valuable and powerful stimulant, and can be readily applied to the roots of growing plants.
The urine should be allowed to putrefy, as in its decomposition a large amount of ammonia is formed, which should then be fixed by sulphuric acid or gypsum; or it may be applied to the growing crops after being freely diluted with water or absorbed in a compost heap. Liquid manures can be readily made from most of the solid manures when required, simply by admixture with water.
These symptoms with more or less gastro-intestinal irritation and decrease in the quantity of urine passed indicate digitalis poisoning.
In large doses, on the other hand, the renal vessels also are constricted and the amount of urine falls.
A suppression of urine in October, in spite of which he insisted upon being conveyed with the family from Chatsworth to Hardwick Hall towards the end of November, was followed by a paralytic stroke, under which he sank on the 4th of December, in his ninety-second year.
Like the Cantabri, they washed themselves with urine instead of water.
Rouelle, is found in the urine of mammalia, birds and some reptiles; human urine contains approximately 2-3%, a grown man producing about 30 grammes daily.
It may be obtained from urine by evaporating to dryness on the water bath, taking up the residue in absolute alcohol and evaporating the alcoholic solution to dryness again.
Any liquid (blood, urine, milk, beer, &c.) containing organic matter, or any solid food-stuff (meat preserves, vegetables, &c.), allowed to stand exposed to the air soon swarms with bacteria, if moisture is present and the temperature not ab- Distribu- normal.
It is present in very small quantity in normal urine, in the blood, and in larger quantities in diabetic patients.
The study of the urine is highly interesting in correlation with that of the influence of quinine upon the oxidising power of the blood, and upon the movements of the leucocytes.
The amount of urea, creatin, creatinin, sulphates and phosphates in the urine is diminished, clearly showing that quinine exerts an inhibitory influence over the metabolic processes of the body.
The spleen continues to enlarge; the urine is now scanty and high-coloured; the body temperature is high, but the highest temperatures occur during the chill; there is considerable thirst; and there is the usual intellectual unfitness, and it may be confusion, of the feverish state.
Sleep may overtake the patient in the midst of the sweating stage, and he awakes, not without some feeling of what he has passed through, but on the whole well, with the temperature fallen almost or altogether to the normal, or it may be even below the normal; the pulse moderate and full; the spleen again of its ordinary size; the urine that is passed after the paroxysm deposits a thick brick-red sediment of urates.
OH(2), occurs as sulphate in the urine of the horse.
OH(4), occurs as sulphate in the urine of the horse.
The commercial salt is known as salvolatile or salt of hartshorn and was formerly obtained by the dry distillation of nitrogenous organic matter such as hair, horn, decomposed urine, &c., but is now obtained by heating a mixture of sal-ammoniac, or ammonium sulphate and chalk, to redness in iron retorts, the vapours being condensed in leaden receivers.
Only in the ostrich it remains throughout life, being specialized into a large receptacle for the urine, an absolutely unique arrangement.
formed in the urine of cows fed on mango leaves.
It is also present in urine and in urinary calculi.
Discharges - vomited matters, sputa, urine and faeces - are possible media by which plague is spread from person to person.
The innermost, the coprodaeum, is an oval dilatation of the end of the rectum, and attains its greatest size in those birds whose faeces are very fluid; it serves entirely as the temporary receptacle of the faeces and the urine.
When the pancreas is excised in an animal, or when it is destroyed in man by disease, grape-sugar appears in the urine.
Haematuria means passage of blood with the urine.
Ammonium salts too are found distributed through all fertile soil, in sea-water, and in most plant and animal liquids, and also in urine.
Magnesium ammonium phosphate, MgNH 4 PO 4.6H 2 O, is found as the mineral struvite and in some guanos; it occurs also in urinary calculi and is formed in the putrefaction of urine.
There may also be blood in the urine.
phys , 8, p. 235) concentrates the urine and precipitates the urea by nitric acid.
Lunge, Berichte, 1877, 10, p. 12 75); by fusing sodium benzene sulphonate with sodium formate: C6H5S03Na+-HC02Na=C6HS000Na+ NaHS0 3; by heating calcium phthalate with calcium hydroxide to 330 0 -350° C.; by heating benzotrichloride with water in a sealed tube, and from the hippuric acid which is found in the urine of the herbivorae.
For this purpose the urine is concentrated and the hippuric acid precipitated by the addition of hydrochloric acid; it is then filtered and boiled for some time with concentrated hydrochloric acid, when it is hydrolysed into benzoic and amido-acetic acid.
The acid itself is a powerful antiseptic. When administered internally, it causes the appearance of hippuric acid in the urine.
The hippuric acid in the urine acts as a stimulant and disinfectant to the urinary mucous membrane.
He explained and simplified the process of obtaining phosphorus from urine, and made some admirable observations on phosphoric acid; but though he noted the increase in weight that attends the conversion of phosphorus into phosphoric acid he was content to remain an adherent of the phlogistic doctrine.
It may also be present in the urine.
The floors, mostly of mud covered with dung, are fouled with spittle, vomit, and urine, and, being seldom or never cleaned out, foster a gradual accumulation of poison, to which infected rats and the concealment of illness contribute.
Tannic acid is absorbed as gallic acid into the blood and eliminated as gallic and pyrogallic acids, darkening the urine.
Reinsch on distilling catechin (the juice of Mimosa catechu); occurs free in kino and in beechwood tar; its sulphonic acid is present in the urine of the horse and man.
It occurs in the urine, blood, tissues, and bones of animals, calcium phosphate forming about 58% of bones, which owe their rigidity to its presence.
by evaporating urine to dryness and distilling the residue with sand.
It was formerly thought that its action was due to the setting free of formaldehyde in the urine, but it is now known by the researches of P. Cammidge that this is not so.
It is used to render the urine acid in cases where it is alkaline, loaded with phosphates or purulent, and is thus useful in cases of cystitis.
Urotropin is very valuable in sterilizing the urine of patients who have suffered from typhoid fever and thus preventing the spread of the disease by what are known as "typhoid carriers."
In the last few years of his life Newton was troubled with incontinence of urine, which was supposed to be due to stone; but with care he kept the disease under control.
The drug is excreted partly by the bronchi - which it tends to disinfect - and partly in the urine, which it causes to smell of violets.
Glycuronic acid also appears in the urine.
Although the constitutional disturbance is at first comparatively slight, it increases with the advance of the disease, and febrile symptoms come on attended with urgent thirst and scanty and painful flow of urine.
It is eliminated chiefly by the urine, and to a less extent by the alimentary canal, sweat, saliva, bile, milk, tears, hair, &c., but it is also stored up in the body mainly in the liver and kidneys.
The detection of arsenic in criminal cases is effected either by Reinsch's test or by Marsh's test, the urine being the secretion analysed when available.
In most male batrachians the testes are drained by transverse canals which open into a longitudinal duct, which also receives the canals of the kidneys, so that this common duct conveys both sperma and urine.
When we come to consider more in detail the results of these actions we find that the various secretions of the body, such as the sweat, gastric juice, bile, milk, urine, &c., may be increased or diminished; that the heart may have its muscular or nervous apparatus stimulated or depressed; that the nerve-centres in the brain, medulla and spinal cord may be rendered more sensitive or the reverse; and that the general metabolism of the body may be altered in various ways.
In the intestine they combine with ammonia and other alkalis present, and are absorbed into the blood as neutral salts, being excreted chiefly in the urine.
After absorption into the blood, which they make somewhat more alkaline, they are excreted chiefly in the urine, to which they impart an alkaline reaction if given in sufficient quantity.
During excretion they irritate the kidneys and the sweat-glands, and thereby increase the excretion of urine and of sweat.
They are mostly excreted in the urine.
They also markedly increase the secretion of urine by stimulating the secreting cells of the kidneys.
Sca, through, oupov, the urine) increase the flow of urine, while lithontriptics (Gr.
He emptied two water bottles before 10:00 and replenished them in one of the ice-cold streams, too thirsty to heed the literature of a possible parasite from elk urine or something.
acidify the urine to prevent bacterial destruction of PD in urine.
In some people not being able to make the urine acid called renal tubular acidosis makes calcium phosphate stones more likely.
albumin in the urine.
In this study, unlike the Saskatchewan study, urine albumin was not related to U intake.
A diagnosis is made by measuring the amount of the protein albumin in the urine.
ammonia smell from the urine indicate a serious problem?
ammonium chloride solution he obtained a white crystalline material which proved identical to urea obtained from urine.
anthraquinone glycosides are excreted via the kidney and may color the urine a yellowish-brown to red color, depending on its pH.
antigens in serum and urine are used clinically in diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring cancer.
Pets Dead skin flakes, urine, feces, saliva, and hair can trigger asthma.
babytention of urine in new-born babies due to shock of fast labor.
The jaundice is deep with itchy skin, pale stools and dark urine containing bilirubin but no urobilinogen.
bilirubin in the urine will rise and give the urine a more yellowish color.
As conjugated bilirubin is water-soluble it will be excreted in the urine which becomes dark.
When this occurs, the changed bilirubin appears in the urine and turns the urine brown.
Don't empty the bladder of urine, leave it inside the bladder.
Then remove the catheter, leaving the stored urine inside the urinary bladder.
bleaching linen is to use urine.
The tube just bypasses the blockage by draining the urine outside the body.
sudden blockage to the drainage of urine from the kidney can cause damage.
Vitamin B2 commonly causes a bright yellowing of the urine with larger intakes possibly affecting laboratory blood tests.
Symptoms include, excessive thirst, tiredness, frequent passing of urine, weight loss, irritability, smelly breath.
calcium in the urine.
catecholamine metabolites were excreted in the urine, the tumor tended to have more intense uptake.
Increased urine catecholamine levels were observed only in the patient with neuroblastoma.
Newly inserted catheter does not drain urine: The most obvious cause of failure to drain urine is failure to enter the bladder.
You will also have a urinary catheter draining urine from your bladder.
cloudy urine and marked renal angle tenderness are characteristic.
The staff in A&E thought he had renal colic again, supported by the presence of traces of blood in his urine.
This is then conjugated with glucuronide and excreted both in urine and bile as the glucuronide.
conjugated with glucuronic acid or sulfate and excreted in the urine.
Urine collection for 24-hour urinary free cortisol was performed on 6 patients.
creatinine concentrations and PDC index listed were the average of four spot urine samples per day in five consecutive days.
A combination of blood and urine creatinine levels may be used to calculate a " creatinine clearance.
creatinine in urine.
Medications, drugs, and x-ray dye can also crystallize in urine.
Likewise, their combination with urine cytology may prove beneficial.
defecate many times and continually dribble urine so there is an urgent need to take control.
detected in either urine or feces.
detected in plasma, urine and feces and represent less or equal than 3% of plasma AUC.
dilute the urine had no effect.
Your doctor may use a dipstick straight away to check for signs of blood, glucose (sugar) or protein in your urine.
dipstick test in a urine sample.
Should urine dipsticks be used in the diagnosis of urinary tract infection?
National results as follows: Statement agree disagree Don't know Only un-neutered toms spray urine (F ).
He has had swollen genitals, and he seems to have discoloration in his urine.
It is theoretically advantageous to administer alkali and induce diuresis as the drug is acidic and excreted in the urine.
Thiazide diuretics can be used to reduce calcium in the urine.
urinary diversion Surgical redirection of the flow of urine from its normal pathway.
Newly inserted catheter does not drain urine: The most obvious cause of failure to drain urine: The most obvious cause of failure to drain urine is failure to enter the bladder.
The leaves and roots break stones, provoke urine and cure the dropsy.
Where myeloma is suspected, urine and serum should be sent (see urine electrophoresis ).
Conventional prevention and treatment of this problem involves acidification of the urine in order to prevent or dissolve the encrustation.
excrete 4 glasses urine.
About 30% of the dose is excreted in urine as unchanged drug, whereas 60% of the dose is excreted as metabolites.
excreted into the urine.
excreted mainly in the urine.
Radioactive compounds are rapidly excreted in the urine, one-third of the dose appearing in two hours.
excreted in the urine in very small amounts.
excretion in the urine.
faecess designed to protect the skin from urine feces, other body fluids, adhesive trauma and friction.
fingernail clippings and urine.
fluorescein dye, ICG dye does not cause urine or skin discolouration.
However, when given correctly in critically-ill foals, urine output can actually increase.
The protein leak can sometimes make the urine frothy.
Ensure appropriate renal function - monitoring urine output is normally easiest.
given Mrs T's symptoms of high blood pressure and proteinuria (protein present in urine ).
The urine glucose result will allow you to determine the dose of insulin.
glucose in the urine is a diagnostic sign of diabetes mellitus.
Feel the humiliation of sleeping in urine and bile, the pain of rats gnawing at their feet, their legs, their genitals.
A urine test will detect human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) which.. .
harem stallion marks the urine of his mares with his own.
Clearview HCG can detect hCG in urine at concentrations ≥ 25 mIU/ml.
HCG in the urine at different points in early pregnancy is different for every woman.
HCG tests may give a false negative result in very dilute urine.
urine HCG tests may give a false negative result in very dilute urine.
There, urine samples will be tested at regular intervals to ensure the pregnancy hormone HCG is disappearing.
Collect a sample of urine shortly after an attack for urinary methyl histamine, which will be excreted in the following hour.
A useful guide to checking whether you are properly hydrated is to look at the color of your urine.
Urease breaks down urea to form ammonia and free hydrogen ions which raise the pH of the urine making it alkaline.
In the alkaline environment of the urine, arbutin is converted into another chemical, called hydroquinone, which kills bacteria.
insensible losses in addition to their urine volume.
Some of these symptoms include jaundice, dark urine, nausea, vomiting, abdominal swelling, unusual weight gain, and abdominal pain.
Sharon says, " Hannah had pale yellow stools and bright yellow urine - classic symptoms of obstructive jaundice.
You should not exercise if your blood sugar is more than 14 mmol/l and you have ketones present in your urine.
ketones in the urine are a danger signal, a sign that you must take action right away to prevent problems.
ketone testing of Mr E's urine.
kidneys into the urine.
leakage of urine from the bladder.
Urinary incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine from the bladder.
No leakage or a reduction in urine leakage would occur on coughing, laughing or sneezing.
Starship Troopers isn't going to tell you how to tan leather with urine, now is it?
ligase chain reaction (LCR) test on urine samples.
The barbiturates are metabolized by the liver and the metabolites excreted in the urine and less commonly in the feces.
This minimizes the loss of urea from the renal medulla, and allows the concentration of urea in urine.
Oxprenolol is excreted chiefly in the urine (almost exclusively in the form of inactive metabolites ).
Of the four minor metabolites detected in urine, two are Phase I oxidative metabolites present in low concentrations.
Excretion: 80% appears in the urine as the major acid metabolite.
metabolites in the urine of goats.
Persona and Rhythm methods Persona is a recently introduced method of contraception that relies on testing urine for hormonal changes relating to ovulation.
microbiology laboratories urine samples usually carry the most workload.
On post micturition bladder scan, he had no residual urine.
midstream specimen of urine is sent to the laboratory in order to exclude infection.
midstream urine samples which are easier to collect in practice.
mortify mortified to see that, from almost every window along my train, a hooligan was proudly dousing the platform with urine.
A further cause of failure to drain urine is occlusion of the drainage eyes of the catheter by the bladder mucosa.
naked eye or may only be picked up on testing your urine.
remove pet odor, carpet stains, urine odor, cat urine, dog urine: permanent.. .
odours product may cause a strong urine odor in cats.
organophosphate residues in their urine.
This is a urine test, which detects the surge of luteinising hormone, which stimulates ovulation.
oxalate in the urine is a known risk factor for the development of kidney stones.
Sugar stimulates the pancreas to release insulin, which in turn causes extra calcium to be excreted in the urine.
passing urine] normally.
passing of urine, weight loss, irritability, smelly breath.
Witnessing Rasmus being severely pelted with mud, rocks, firecrackers and urine.
perforated stomach ulcer does not pass blood in urine.
therefore periodic monitoring of blood, urine and liver function values is recommended if orphenadrine is prescribed for prolonged use.
pervadeoom has an all pervading smell of urine.
Athletes will be subjected to urine and blood tests, both of which must prove positive before sanctions are threatened.
However, the neck of the bladder may be obstructed by a large prostate, causing difficulty in urine flow.
protein in urine.
If significant proteinuria is detected, a 24-hour urine sample should be arranged to quantify the problem.
Nephritis ranges from asymptomatic proteinuria (presence of protein in the urine) to sudden onset of renal insufficiency.
For instance, starting puberty or producing more urine.
Animal experiments have documented the ability of these organisms to cause acute pyelonephritis by the ascending route of infection against urine flow.
red cellhere are red blood cells in the urine (pee ).
Observe the effect on CVP, blood pressure, pulse, urine output and capillary refill.
reflux of urine.
retention of urine in new-born babies due to shock of fast labor.
The inflammation can result in urine retention which in turn can cause bladder, urethra and kidney infection.
Dark yellow urine is an indication of dehydration although vitamin supplements containing riboflavin will color the urine dark yellow.
At the first appointment, you will usually be asked to bring a urine sample which will be tested for the presence of protein.
Care must be taken to avoid Fly Strike in animals with urine scald or sticky bottom.
Objective 3. Samples of urine containing albumin fragments collected previously from children with meningococcal sepsis were remapped using SDS PAGE.
Similar proportions of men had reductions and increases in symptom severity and urine flow.
sigmoid colon or rectum can give rise to bladder spasms which obstruct free drainage of urine.
skin rash with or without irritation or difficulty in passing urine may occur.
smelling of urine.
An impacted sigmoid colon or rectum can give rise to bladder spasms which obstruct free drainage of urine.
specimen of urine to your doctor's surgery tomorrow for testing.
The research will take the form of a blind evaluation of urine specimens provided by the National CJD Surveillance Unit in Edinburgh.
sphincter muscles to increase the flow of urine.
Often the tattooist used his own spittle to mix the color but occasionally urine was used instead.
However if urine stains are a common occurrence then one of the larger sizes will be more economical.
stench of stale urine wafted through the air.
She was struck by an overpowering stench of ammonia, urine and excrement when she first entered the cottage.
Bacteriuria: the presence of bacteria in the urine (normally sterile ); not contaminants from the skin, vagina, or prepuce.
stink of rat urine.
stink ceiling was still peeling, the walls were still greasy and it still stank of urine.
Because this makes the urine very sugary the body compensates by adding a lot of water to it.
tampering with a drug test sample of urine.
The Emperor is mainly selling the urine to cloth manufacturers and leather tanners to raise money for the treasury.
The skin from his swollen testicles has literally been burnt away due to him sitting in his own urine for months.
timing of intercourse is before the LH surge appears in the urine.
Laboratory findings included acid urine despite alkali therapy and elevated serum transaminase activities.
The system was modified to ensure a 24 hour turnaround for positive urine screening.
It is also worth pointing out that even if urine and blood pressure checks reveal nothing untoward, they are still a useful exercise.
Again a strong smell of urine and a poor standard of cleanliness were noted but nothing else seriously untoward.
Urate is normally harmless and the body usually passes excess urate is normally harmless and the body usually passes excess urate out of the body through the kidneys into the urine.
However, the kidneys are continuously removing urea from the blood and producing urine as a result.
The urease splits urinary urea into ammonia and carbon dioxide, which results in phosphates and carbon in the urine.
There is also a duct from each kidney called the ureter, which carries urine to the bladder.
You also have two ureters which carry the urine from kidneys to bladder.
The gland surrounds the urethra which carries urine flow from the bladder.
Urine passes from the bladder to the end of the penis through a tube called the urethra.
This enlargement constricts the urethra so the flow of urine is reduced Are you suffering from CV phobia?
Also to help prevent uric acid stones, medicine may be prescribed to control the level of uric acid stones, medicine may be prescribed to control the level of uric acid in the urine.
uric acid production (excreted in the urine ).
waterless urinals: Use an insert that reacts with the pheremones in the urine to cancel out the smell.
urinary catheter draining urine from your bladder.
Urine hCG tests may give a false negative result in very dilute urine hCG tests may give a false negative result in very dilute urine.
For every 2 glasses of wine you drink you will excrete 4 glasses urine.
The less often you pass urine, the less often you will need to go.
The aura of disinfectant, mingled with the light stench of stale urine wafted through the air.
When and how the body produces dilute and concentrated urine.
Many problems with the stoma and surrounding skin areas are caused by the presence of alkaline urine.
residual urine The urine that remains in the bladder after urination.
The disease is transmitted by direct contact with infected urine, poop or saliva.
urine dipstick tests.
urine sample from my dog.
urine cytology was positive.
urine specimens for other tests in the lab.
urine scald and tissue maceration.
RBS [glucose level] around 7. PU [passing urine] normally.
urine in the bladder and connecting tubes.
urine from the urinary bladder.
urine from the kidney can cause damage.
urine for ketones as soon as any such symptoms of hyperglycaemia occur as described above.
URINE had three objectives: to research new technology, to development new technology and to develop the role of specialist urology nurses.
The result of this is to decrease urine volume and increase the volume of extracellular fluid.
This disease is caused by parasitic worms which lay eggs that are passed in the urine or feces.
yellowing of the urine with larger intakes possibly affecting laboratory blood tests.
It may be produced by placing quantities of horse-dung saturated with the urine of horses, especially of stud horses, with alternate layers of rich earth, and covering the whole with straw, to exclude rain and air; the spawn commonly appears in the heap in about two months afterwards.
The education for this examination has kept pace with the rapid advances of science, all the following subjects now receiving attention: the microscopical structure of plants and drugs, so as to detect adulterations and impurities in powdered drugs; organic and quantitative analysis, including those of food and drugs, water, soils, gas and urine; optics, so as to enable them to carry out the prescriptions of oculists; spectrum analysis; the use of the polariscope and refractometer; the method of applying RÃ¶ntgen rays; the preparation of glandular secretions and antitoxins; and the chemistry of remedies for the fungoid diseases and insect pests of plants.
CARBOLIC ACID or Phenol (hydroxy-benzene), C 6 H 5 OH, an acid found in the urine of the herbivorae, and in small quantity in castoreum (F.
The condition of the urine is of the utmost importance, as it is often a clue to the diagnosis, and in surgical cases may be the first warning that absorption is occurring to an undue degree.
Remittent fevers (as well as intermittents) vary considerably in intensity; some cases are intense from the outset, or pernicious, with aggrava tion of all the symptoms - leading to stupor, delirium, collapse, intense jaundice, blood in the stools, blood and albumen in the urine, and, it may be, suppression of urine followed by convulsions.
The d modification is of the commonest occurrence, the other forms being only known as synthetic products; for this reason it is usually termed glucose, simply; alternative names are dextrose, grape sugar and diabetic sugar, in allusion to its right-handed optical rotation, its occurrence in large quantity in grapes, and in the urine of diabetic patients respectively.
Cushny has shown experimentally that slowing of the blood-flow through renal tissue causes less sodium chloride to appear in the urine while the excretion of urea and sulphates remains unaffected; apparently the chloride, being more permeable, is reabsorbed and so only appears to be excreted in less quantity.
The urea in urine is also rapidly converted by the uro-bacteria into ammonium carbonate.
Lunge, Berichte, 1877, 10, p. 12 75); by fusing sodium benzene sulphonate with sodium formate: C6H5S03Na+-HC02Na=C6HS000Na+ NaHS0 3; by heating calcium phthalate with calcium hydroxide to 330 0 -350Ã‚° C.; by heating benzotrichloride with water in a sealed tube, and from the hippuric acid which is found in the urine of the herbivorae.
When there are red blood cells in the urine (pee).
The upper urinary tract is protected from reflux of urine.
Occasionally, skin rash with or without irritation or difficulty in passing urine may occur.
The first tests were just routine, urine samples, blood tests, chest and skull X-rays which took most of the day.
For example; Daisy Boyd, aged 68 years, arrives late for her routine appointment smelling of urine.
This is embarrassing but I have very strong and smelly urine.
Women Do you ever pass urine when you sneeze, cough or laugh?
Please take a specimen of urine to your doctor 's surgery tomorrow for testing.
She goes on to say: Stress incontinence is the symptom of leaking urine coincidentally with physical exertion due to urethral sphincter incompetence.
The drugs work by relaxing the sphincter muscles to increase the flow of urine.
Causes The cause of diaper rash is the skin being kept wet along with the chemical irritation of ammonia, produced by stale urine.
Bacteriuria: the presence of bacteria in the urine (normally sterile); not contaminants from the skin, vagina, or prepuce.
The ceiling was still peeling, the walls were still greasy and it still stank of urine.
I have n't had a wash for weeks and I stink of rat urine.
Routine blood, urine, swab tests etc taken in the Practice will normally take up to one week to come back.
She was banned from swimming for four years in 1998, however, for tampering with a drug test sample of urine.
Furthermore, the ideal timing of intercourse is before the LH surge appears in the urine.
Bat urine is composed of 70% urea which decays to form dilute ammonia and other compounds.
Also to help prevent uric acid stones, medicine may be prescribed to control the level of uric acid in the urine.
Involved in iron metabolism and uric acid production (excreted in the urine).
Waterless Urinals: Use an insert that reacts with the pheremones in the urine to cancel out the smell.
Residual urine The urine that remains in the bladder after urination.
This information is relevant to anyone involved in the management and use of urine dipstick tests.
My vet has asked for a urine sample from my dog.
Laboratory data were almost within normal limits and urine cytology was positive.
They were working with exactly the same urine specimens for other tests in the lab.
Prior to the introduction of the spray we were using petroleum jelly as our method of preventing urine scald and tissue maceration.
Urodynamic studies Assessment of the pressure and flow of urine in the bladder and connecting tubes.
The primary purpose of the catheter is to permit drainage, in this case of urine from the urinary bladder.
Test your blood sugar level and your urine for ketones as soon as any such symptoms of hyperglycaemia occur as described above.
The term bacteriuria is used to define the presence of bacteria in freshly voided urine.
Too little fluid can increase the risk of urine infections, tiredness, headaches, constipation, and thus worsen existing MS symptoms.
Signs include a darkening of the urine and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes).
When the urine hits the water, the water will change colors, delighting your little boy.
Your child will enjoy seeing the color of the water change when urine hits it.
Did you know that nearly 5 million tons of untreated waste and approximately 2 billion tons of urine, feces, plastic and paper are added to landfills each year?
The bacteria from urine and feces can quickly buildup on a baby's tender skin, causing a rash that can become more severe if left untreated.
As the body matures, so do the sphincter muscles which control the release of urine based on a signal from the bladder to the brain.
They first initiated multiple measurements of a luteinizing hormone (LH) within the patient's urine.
Wipe baby all over his bottom and even on his lower back, since feces and urine can travel up and over the diaper area.
Ensure that there is adequate frontal coverage to absorb urine, and also check to make sure that the whole liner is really inside the diaper cover so that moisture cannot wick from the inside of the diaper to the outside.
Vinegar is safe, works as a disinfectant, and neutralizes urine odors.
Training cats to stop urine spraying is a tough one.
Keeping the litter box accessible and clean is a step in the right direction, but that alone won't do the trick.Cats spray urine to mark their territory, and leave their sexual calling card.
Scientific Professional's patented sickness-indicating, color-change reactor is a controlled, six-patented factor which detects the pH level of a cat's urine and indicates whether urinary tract infection is present.
The less acidic a cat's urine, the more susceptible he/she is to forming stones or crystals in the urinary tract.
The color of the litter changes to varying shades of pale pink to magenta when the pH in a cat's urine is abnormal.
Although manufacturers and researchers are not one-hundred percent clear whether or not melamine is the exact cause of the pet deaths, melamine was found in the urine of the cats who died.
Nuisance urine spraying can drive the most dedicated owner crazy.
I prefer to soak urine spots with a solution of white vinegar and water.
Second, Lysol doesn't do much for urine crystals imbedded in the carpet and padding.
The urine does have a little blood color to it, and also I've noticed he has been licking himself a lot.
Neutering and spaying will help address issues such as urine spraying and heat cycles.
If you have him neutered at four months old, it may also keep him from ever developing a urine spraying habit.
The urine crystals can sink in deep, and even humidity can cause them to emit smells.
Many vets choose to do this by providing your cat with a prescription diet designed to keep urine acidity up so the crystals don't have the opportunity to form.
The poop wasn't nearly as much of an issue as the urinating because of the smell involved with cat urine.
His paws are probably still very sensitive, so it may really hurt for him to scratch at the litter to cover his urine and feces (a natural instinct for cats).
Actually, what causes the reaction is a glyco-protein known as Fel d1 that is found in cat saliva and urine, as well as in the sebaceous glands.
Afterward, spritz some white vinegar, or try some hot water mixed with mild, low odor dish soap and spritz that to help remove the urine.
Cat caretakers often find themselves wondering what removes cat urine from furniture and carpets.
Along with the stain is the very unpleasant and unmistakable odor of cat urine.
Dealing with the problems of cat urine can be challenging.
There are many ways to effectively remove a urine stain depending on the location and age of the stain.
The following are among commercial products that are designed to remove stains and odors caused by cat urine.
Designed to remove deep cat urine stains and odor Nature's Miracle Orange-Oxy Power Just for Cats has a fresh orange scent.
Pet Urine Odor Remover removes all urine odors, even those that only cats can smell.
Many cat owners treat cat urine stains and odors with remedies they make at home.
Remove cat urine stains using a two step process containing baking soda, white vinegar, hydrogen peroxide and dishwashing detergent.
Get Rid of Things offers helpful hints on cat urine stain and odor removal.
The next time you find yourself wondering what removes cat urine, try one of these effective home remedies or commercial products.
The blood that is seen in the litter box may also be coming from the pet's urine, signaling a urinary tract infection.
At one time or another, almost every feline caretaker needs to deal with the problem of cleaning cat urine.
Have you ever wondered why cat urine has such as strong, foul odor that sometimes seems impossible to remove?
Urochrome: This is the color pigmentation in the urine.
Urea: This is the tacky, sticky part of the urine.
Uric acid: This gives the urine its unpleasant odor.
To effectively remove cat urine and its odor permanently, an enzymatic cleaner is needed.
Enzyme cleaners are made from formulas containing special ingredients that actually eat the crystals and bacteria present in cat urine.
These ingredients are not found in most common household cleaners, making them ineffective on cat urine.
There are many excellent products on the market that are specifically made to remove cat urine.
If you do not have a commercial enzyme cleaner, many pet parents have removed cat urine using common household products including baking soda, hydrogen peroxide, white vinegar and dishwashing detergent.
Use rubber gloves when cleaning areas soiled with cat urine.
Blot up as much urine as possible using paper towels, old rags or disposable diapers.
When dealing with cat urine that is on a carpet or upholstery, make sure to blot the excess, do not scrub.
Scrubbing will work the urine deeper into the carpet or upholstery fibers.
If the cat urine is already dry, wet a cloth and moisten the area to make it easier to clean.
If you find cat urine on clothing, test the enzymatic cleaner on an area of the clothing that is inconspicuous to make sure it does not stain the garment.
Cats have an excellent sense of smell and will be drawn to the area if all traces of the urine smell are not eliminated.
Knowing the proper way of cleaning cat urine makes it easier to deal with the problem when it arises.
The premise behind scoopable litter is that you don't get liquid feces or urine pooling in the bottom of the litter box.
The litter material bonds with the feces or urine and "clumps" around it encapsulating the material before it gets to the bottom of the litter box.
This way you can remove either the feces or urine as a litter clump and never have to deal with it again.
This protein is produced in the cat's saliva, its urine and the sebaceous glands of its skin.
He will check the abdomen for signs that the bladder is full, and he may try to force some urine out to see if the cat's urethra is blocked.
If there does seem to be a blockage, the vet may do a fine needle aspiration of the bladder by inserting a thin needle into the extended bladder and removing some of the urine.
If there are crystals found in the urine, they will be studied to find out which type they are.
This is thought to keep its urine more acidic and help prevent obstructions.
The clay based litters often retain the strong ammonia smell of cat urine.
You'll even find boxes that can be discarded after a use or two, meaning your box never gets that heavy cat urine smell that some boxes pick up over time.
Cat urine tends to seep into the plastic material most boxes are made of.
The litter clumps on contact with urine making litter box clean up much easier than with some litters.
Fresh Step Scoopable: Similar to the clay litter, the scoopable litter also offers you the ability to scoop out urine that is clumped together into a solid ball upon contact with the litter.
The kidneys begin to shut down, and there is reduced urine production; this means your cat will not use the little box as much as normal.
The urine may be tea-colored when your cat does urinate.
Ammonia carries a scent that resembles the smell of a cat's stagnant urine.
The clay-coated urine and feces could be removed and additional litter could be added to compensate for the volume loss.
Moreover, although silica is extremely absorbent, some cat owners have reported cases of urine collecting at the bottom of the litter pan and causing excessive odor.
The high level of ammonia in a cat's urine will eventually permeate most plastic litter boxes, even if you use a liner.
Filters often help reduce the smell of cat feces and urine after your cat uses the litter, so you may want to consider purchasing a box lid that has this feature.
ARM & HAMMER® Double Duty Clumping Litter - The company claims that the formula for this product destroys the odors of both urine and feces.
Silica gel crystals are popular because they absorb a great deal of liquid, and make it possible for cat owners to "scoop out" urine when they scoop feces from the litter box.
Even scoopable litter requires regular maintenance, and urine soaked gel left in the box will develop a strong ammonia smell.
Failure to change it in a timely fashion can result in a smelly puddle of urine on the bottom of the litter box.
If the clumps of litter and urine are flushed, they can block plumbing.
In the early 20th century, trainers gave race horses goldenseal in the hopes of masking the use of morphine and pain killers, but the narcotics were always detectable in urine tests.
Goldenseal may actually give a false-positive in humans in urine drug tests.
Often the proteins in the urine exacerbate the urinary tract symptoms and the tannins found in slippery elm help filter the proteins out of the system quicker.
The kidneys filter the blood and shuttle wastes out of the body through the urine.
Urine drug screens are probably the most popular method used to detect drug use.
With a urinalysis, the test subject must provide a urine sample within a cup.
Though this type of drug screening method is a classic, there have been many problems lately with urine substitution or adulteration.
Participants in this program agree to provide urine samples for analysis three times per week for the first 12 weeks (Mon-Wed-Fri).
During weeks 13-24, the addict must provide a urine sample twice a week (Mon-Thurs).
With the exception of a urine test in 1999, all of his drug tests have been clean.
Other dog shampoos are formulated to remove urine and food stains from your dog's coat.
Super orthopedic dog beds provide outstanding support with completely waterproof outer shells that protect the foam layer beneath from urine saturation.
Make sure there are either urine guards or enough space between dog kennels to keep male dogs from urinating into their neighbor's space.
Is there a way to raise a happy puppy without allowing urine to kill grass and shrubs?
Dog urine can have an effect on shrubs and lawns, especially female urine.
They contain a combination of liver, whey protein, barley, and yucca that is supposed to neutralize high pH urine.
Clean up the urine spots with a 50/50 solution of white vinegar and water.
The liquid does not smell, so we're not even sure if it is urine.
Her initial soiling has probably become a habit, and even though you can't smell the urine, she probably can due to her much higher sense of smell.
Try soaking the cushions and mattress with an enzymatic cleanser to eliminate trapped urine crystals.
However, the urine test revealed a kidney infection and blood in the urine.
Do you think it is something else, or should we visit the vet for another urine test?
If it is too long, it may get urine on it.
Dogs live in small boxes or cages that are littered with urine, feces and fleas.
This will help remove staining caused by tearing from the eyes and urine clinging to the inside of the back legs.
Urine drops through the crate to be absorbed below, while stools sit on top of the grate for easy removal.
If you notice smaller amounts of urine on walls, doors, table or chair legs or other standing items, the dog is marking his territory.
If he relieves himself in places other than on the paper and it goes unnoticed, he may continue to go to that spot since dogs typically prefer to relieve themselves in a spot where they smell urine.
If you did not catch the puppy in the act but do find spots, clean them using an odor eliminating spray so the puppy cannot smell the old urine.
Results of cats consuming these foods include an imbalance of the pH in their urine, causing urinary tract disorders, renal failure and other problems.
Toddlers who are fed organically have been shown to have one sixth of the pesticides in their urine as children who do not eat organic foods.
One study, conducted by Dr. Alex Lu from Emory University in Atlanta, found that when children changed their diet to organic foods, the pesticide residue in their urine disappeared almost immediately.
A urine test as well as other blood tests may also be required.
A weekly paper conducted an interview with a San Francisco Ultima Online addict in the early 2000s and found his apartment plagued with rats and the smell of urine.
The infant has yellow eyes and skin and dark yellow or brown urine due to build-up of bilirubin, and the stools are probably light-colored.
If, after surgery for biliary atresia, an infant becomes jaundiced, has a high temperature for more than 24 hours, or if there is a change in the color of the stools or urine.
Once hospitalized, the person may be given blood and urine tests to determine his or her metabolic condition.
Calculi (pl.) can cause problems by lodging in and obstructing the proper flow of fluids, such as bile to the intestines or urine to the bladder.
Laboratory studies of sputum, blood, urine, and stool can detect abnormalities that may confirm cancer.
Urine and blood tests may be ordered to check for microscopic amounts of blood in the urine and to obtain a complete differential blood count.
In addition, until about age two, children's kidneys are not able to concentrate urine and preserve body fluids as efficiently as adult kidneys.
Intense thirst and a highly concentrated, reduced volume of deep yellow or orange urine are signs of inadequate fluid intake.
A physician may take blood and urine samples for further laboratory testing.
Light at this wavelength converts bilirubin to a water-soluble form that can be excreted in the bile or urine.
Laboratory tests for vasculitis include blood and urine tests.
A diagnosis of CMV is usually confirmed by culturing the virus in a sample of the infant's urine.
Examples include lumbar puncture (spinal tap), urine collection, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), additional blood tests, or electrocardiogram (ECG).
Urine tests can be used to detect fructose sugar in the urine.
A high-intensity, cool, blue-fluorescent light is absorbed by the bilirubin and converts it into a harmless form than can be excreted in the bile and urine.
Diabetics are especially susceptible to candidiasis, as they have high levels of sugar in their blood and urine and a low resistance to infection, both of which are conditions that favor the growth of yeast.
The risk of diaper rash complicated with candidiasis can be reduced by preventing irritating dermatitis through the use of absorbent diapers and prevention of excessive exposure to urine or feces through frequent changing of diapers.
This test, performed on urine, is extremely sensitive and specific for EDS kyphoscolios type.
A urine test is available for the kyphoscoliosis type.
Other rare side effects include yellow skin or eyes, unusual bleeding or bruising, weakness, fatigue, bloody or black stools, bloody or cloudy urine, and a sudden decrease in the amount of urine.
The symptoms of Marfan syndrome in some children resemble the symptoms of homocystinuria, which is an inherited disorder marked by extremely high levels of homocystine in the child's blood and urine.
This possibility can be excluded by a urine test.
Some patients with Wilms' tumor experience abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, high blood pressure, or blood in the urine.
The physician may also find that the child has fever, bloody urine, or abdominal pain.
The blood pressure is often low, and there may be signs of bleeding from other organs (like coughing up blood, nose bleeds, blood in the urine).
Blood and urine tests are used to measure levels of vitamins, minerals, and waste products.
Signs include dry lips, the absence of tears when crying, a sinking soft spot on an infant's head, and no urination in eight hours or very dark urine.
Tests of blood, urine, and tissue can be used to confirm the diagnosis.
A more severe and less common variety of serum sickness includes several of the following symptoms: malaise, protein in the urine, joint pains, swelling of mucous membranes with hoarseness and cough, vertigo, nausea, and vomiting.
As much as 51 percent of all hemorrhagic cystitis (inflammation of the bladder and of the tubes that carry urine to the bladder from the kidneys) in American and Japanese children can be attributed to adenovirus infection.
A child who has hemorrhagic cystitis has bloody urine for about three days, and invisible traces of blood can be found in the urine a few days longer.
A definitive diagnosis is based on culture or detection of the virus in eye secretions, sputum, urine, or stool.
Drinks with caffeine should be avoided because of caffeine's diuretic effects (i.e. causes water to be lost through urine).
Skin and other screening tests for diseases such as tuberculosis and examination of blood, urine, and stool are generally indicated.
Blood and urine samples are tested for elevated glucose levels, to determine whether the child has diabetes.
The ureter drains urine from the kidney into the bladder.
Not simply a tube, the ureter is an active organ that propels urine forward by muscular action.
It has a valve at its bottom end that prevents urine from flowing backward into the kidney.
The trouble these abnormalities bring is directly related to their effect on the flow of urine.
As long as urine flows normally through them, and only in one direction, no harm is done.
As long as urine can flow easily in the correct direction, such malformations may never be detected.
Stricture or stenosis of a ureter prevents urine from flowing freely.
Urine will stagnate there and eventually cause infection.
Besides infection, urine that backs up causes the ureter and the kidney to expand or dilate.
This condition is called hydronephrosis (a kidney swollen with urine).
In children it may cause fever and systemic symptoms, but in adults it causes only cloudy, burning, and frequent urine.
In rare cases, urine from an ectopic ureter will bypass the bladder and dribble out of the bottom somewhere, through a natural orifice like the vagina or a completely separate unnatural opening.
Urine cultures to identify the infecting germs will be repeated frequently until the problem is corrected.
Ureterovesical valve-A sphincter (an opening controlled by a circular muscle), located where the ureter enters the bladder, that keeps urine from flowing backward toward the kidney.
Urologists have various approaches to urine drainage that range from simply reimplanting a ureter into the bladder, in such a way that an effective valve is created, to building a new bladder out of a piece of bowel.
Once correction of the cause is addressed and there is unimpeded flow of urine, adequate fluid intake can contribute to prevention of future infections.
Eventually, however, positive cultures can be obtained from the stool and in some cases from a urine culture.
Preeclampsia-A condition that develops after the twentieth week of pregnancy and results in high blood pressure, fluid retention that doesn't go away, and large amounts of protein in the urine.
Dipstick or reagent test strips that measure glucose in the urine can only detect glucose levels above 180 mg/dl and are non-specific, so they are not useful in the diagnosis of diabetes.
Ketones in the urine can be detected using dipstick tests (e.g.
Once the child can keep fluids down orally and urine output has returned to normal, then intravenous rehydration is discontinued.
A combination of stool, blood, and urine tests may be needed in the evaluation of chronic diarrhea; in addition, a number of endoscopic and x-ray studies are frequently required.
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