30.1), the commentary of Ticonius, and the uncial C, can be explained from the Latin form of the name Nero, which by its omission of the final n makes the sum total 616 instead of 666.
The first method distinguishes between uncial or majuscule, and cursive or minuscule; the second between papyrus, vellum or parchment, and paper (for further details see Manuscript and Palaeography); and the third distinguishes mainly between Gospels, Acts and Epistles (with or without the Apocalypse), New Testaments (the word in this connexion being somewhat broadly interpreted), lectionaries and commentaries.
Earlier than the 9th century are uncial and later than the 10th are minuscule.
There are said to be uncial MSS.
He abandons the practice of making a distinction between uncial and minuscule, on the ground that for textual criticism the style of writing is less important than the date and contents of a MS. To indicate these he divided MSS.
Soden 31; an uncial MS. of the 4th century.
X, von Soden S 2; an uncial MS. of the 4th century.
D, von Soden S 5; an uncial Graeco-Latin MS. not later than the 6th century and prob.
A, von Soden 84; an uncial MS. of the 5th century.
C, von Soden S 3; an uncial palimpsest (the top writing being that of Ephraem) of the 5th century.
D P ", von Soden a 1026; an uncial Graeco-Latin MS. of the 6th century.
Vary between Os (or 6) and In uncial writing OC Os) might easily be miswritten or altered to 6C (e€Os) or vice versa.
B and in the other uncial MSS., (b) that preserved in the cursive codex 248 (Holmes and Parsons).
For the restoration of the Greek text we have, besides many Greek MSS., uncial and cursive, the old Latin, the Syro-Hexaplar, the Armenian, Sahidic and Ethiopic versions, as well as a considerable number of quotations in the Greek and Latin Fathers.
The Revised Version, on the other hand, in following the uncial MSS.
Demotic.Widely varying degrees of cursiveness are at all periods observable in hieratic; but, about the XXVLth Dynasty, which inaugurated a great commercial era, there was something like a definite parting between the uncial hieratic and the most cursive form afterwards known as demotic. The employment of hieratic was thenceforth almost confined to the copying of religious and other traditional texts on papyrus, while demotic was used not only for all business but also for writing literary and even religious texts in the popular language.
For the third decade our chief authority is the Codex Puteanus, an uncial MS. of the 5th century, now at Paris.
It is based chiefly on the uncial Greek alphabet, from which indeed most of the letters are obviously derived, and several orthographical peculiarities, e.g.
In gold uncial letters upon a purple ground, as distinguished from the vermilion cursive letters of the rest of the MS. With this the sacrifice proper was concluded.
This alphabet, which is much more difficult to read than the bolder Cyrillic founded on the Greek uncial, survived for ordinary purposes in Croatia and in the islands of the Quarnero till the 17th century.
3 Archiv fiir slavische Philologie, 191 where the Glagolitic and the cursive Greek, the Cyrillic and the Greek uncial are set side by side in facsimile.