Tungsten Sentence Examples
Similar potassium tungsten bronzes are known.
Deposits of copper, tin, iron and tungsten have been discovered, and a variety of other mineral products (graphite, mica, spodumene, coal, petroleum, &c.).
Shimizu 3 indicate that Steinmetz's formula holds for nickel and annealed cobalt up to B =3000, for cast cobalt and tungsten steel up to B =8000, and for Swedish iron up to B =18,000, the range being in all cases extended at the temperature of liquid air.
It is a member of the sixth group in the periodic classification of the elements, being included in the natural family of elements containing molybdenum, tungsten and uranium.
This subject is far from being exhausted, and it is not improbable that the alloy-producing capacity of aluminium may eventually prove its most valuable characteristic. In the meantime, ternary light alloys appear the most satisfactory, and tungsten and copper, or tungsten and nickel, seem to be the best substances to add.Advertisement
Tungsten has been applied in the manufacture of filament electric lamps.
Tungsten trioxide, W0 31 occurs in nature as wolframine, a yellow mineral found in Cumberland, Limoges, Connecticut and in North Carolina.
Scheelite, another mineral of tungsten, is also found in Queensland.
Again, when tungsten hexachloride is converted into vapour it is decomposed into chlorine and a pentachloride, having a normal vapour density, but as in the majority of its compounds tungsten acts as a hexad, we apparently must regard its pentachloride as a compound in which an odd number of free affinities are disengaged.
Columbium compounds are usually prepared by fusing columbite with an excess of acid potassium sulphate, boiling out the fused mass with much water, and removing tin and tungsten from the residue by digestion with ammonium sulphide, any iron present being simultaneously converted into ferrous sulphide.Advertisement
In 1858 he pointed out the isomorphism of the fluostannates and the fluosilicates, thus settling the then vexed question of the composition of silicic acid; and subsequently he studied the fluosalts of zirconium, boron, tungsten, &c., and prepared silicotungstic acid, one of the first examples of the complex inorganic acids.
The fact that energy is being used at so high a rate as Too H.P. on so small a charge of material sufficiently indicates that the furnace is only used for experimental work, or for the fusion of metals which, like tungsten or chromium, can only be melted at temperatures attainable by electrical means.
Steels containing as much as 12% of tungsten are now used as a material for tools intended for turning and planing iron and steel.
It alloys with iron, molybdenum and tungsten, but not with silver or mercury.
Of tungsten the United States was in 1907 the greatest producer in the world (1640 tons in a total of 6062).Advertisement
Chrome-tungsten or High-speed Steel.-Steel with a large content of both chromium and tungsten has the very valuable property of " red-hardness," i.e.
This effect of chromium, tungsten and carbon jointly consists essentially in raising the " tempering temperature," i.e.
Uranium is chemically related to chromium, molybdenum and tungsten.
His next discovery, in 1781, was the composition of the mineral tungsten, since called scheelite (calcium tungstate), from which he obtained tungstic acid.
Tungsten steel, which usually contains from 5 to Io% of tungsten and from 1 to 2% of carbon, is used for magnets, because of its great retentivit.y.Advertisement
The metals, which by combination with oxygen became oxides, were antimony, silver, arsenic, bismuth, cobalt, copper, tin, iron, manganese, mercury, molybdenum, nickel, gold, platinum, lead, tungsten and zinc; and the "simple earthy salifiable substances" were lime, baryta, magnesia, alumina and silica.
Tungsten may be prepared from wolfram by heating the powdered ore with sodium carbonate, extracting the sodium carbonate with water, filtering and adding an acid to precipitate tungstic acid, H 2 W0 4.
In the form of a powder, it is obtained by reducing the oxide with zinc and extracting with soda, or by dissolving out the manganese from its alloys with tungsten.
Tungsten dioxide, W02, formed on reducing the trioxide by hydrogen at a red heat or a mixture of the trioxide and hydrochloric acid with zinc, or by decomposing the tetrachloride with water, is a brown strongly pyrophoric powder, which must be cooled in hydrogen before being brought into contact with air.
Partial reduction of tungsten trioxide gives blue or purple-red products which are intermediate in composition between the dioxide and trioxide.Advertisement
Tungsten trioxide forms two acids, tungstic acid, H 2 WO 4, and metatungstic acid, H2W4013; it also gives origin to several series of salts, to which the acids corresponding are unknown.
Tungsten forms four chlorides, viz.
Tungsten combines directly with bromine to give, when the bromine is in excess, the pentaand not a hexabromide.
By passing bromine vapour over red-hot tungsten dioxide a mixture of WO 2 Br 2 and WOBr4 is obtained, from which the latter can be removed by gently heating when it volatilizes.
The di-iodide is obtained as green metallic scales on passing iodine over red-hot tungsten.
Tungsten disulphide, W52, is obtained as soft black acicular crystals by the action of sulphur, sulphuretted hydrogen or carbon bisulphide on tungsten.
Phosphorus combines directly with the metal to form W3P4; another phosphide, W2P, results on igniting a mixture of phosphorus pentoxide and tungsten.
Tungsten is found in wolframite in Boulder county.
Minerals developed slightly, or not at all, are granite, valued at $1500 in 1905; surface salt, in the arid and semiarid regions; nickel and cobalt, in Lemhi county; tungsten, near Murray, Shoshone county; monazite and zircon, in certain sands; and some pumice.
So long as Mr. Lloyd George was Minister, Dr. Addison was his right-hand man in the strenuous labours of the office, resulting in the enormous multiplication of engines of war, and in the redeeming of many vital industries, fertilizers, tungsten and potash from German control; and when Mr. Lloyd George formed a Government himself in December 1916, he placed him at the head of the department.
Gold, silver and lead have also been produced, but the discovery of larger deposits of these metals in other states has caused the abandonment of all metal mines in Connecticut, except those of iron and tungsten.
The output gear drives the upper tungsten carbide anvil via a specially designed housing.
The quality scraper has a long lasting tungsten carbide blade and is supplied with a universal hose connector.
The tungsten bulb has a relatively large, tightly wound filament.
Home Tungsten products Tungsten carbide Powder Tungsten Carbide Powder Tungsten carbide powder is the intermediate in the line from W powder to cemented carbides.
Starter kit includes special tungsten carbide tipped router cutter, template and three spacer rings.
Sodium in a sodium lamp a stream of electrons is passed between tungsten electrodes in a tube containing sodium vapor.
Tungsten is practically the only material used for electron emitters.
A few decades ago a new design for tungsten filament lamps appeared on the scene.
A tungsten halogen source may be better with auto white balance.
I use a tungsten illuminator, so I chose Kodak tungsten 64 ISO film.
Sources of such energy include lasers, arc discharge lamps, and tungsten halogen bulbs.
Domestic tungsten - Domestic tungsten lighting has a strong yellow/orange cast, because its color spectrum is shifted toward stronger wavelengths.
These use liquid propellant set off by a jolt of high current through tungsten wire.
What Good Woodworking said... nd alcohol marketers are reaching more young viewers by focusing more attention on tungsten carbide scribe cable TV.
False ceiling features spotlights that are normal tungsten bulbs.
Carl Wilhelm Scheele isolated tungsten trioxide for the first time in 1781.
The inserts were to be welded in using a tungsten inert gas technique.
Most metals including tungsten have lower resistance when cold and more resistance when hot.
White balance can be altered from auto to daylight, cloudy, tungsten, 2 fluorescents, flash and 2 customs.
The Optic System is a 300mm Acrylic lens with a 250 watt tungsten lamp controlled by an electronic flasher.
Continue to use quartz tungsten halogen curing lights as plasma arc curing lights appear to confer no clinical advantage at the present time.
These are made from 25 µm (or optionally 125 µm) diameter tungsten wires with 4 mm spacing.
Thus, hydrogen unites with but a single atom of chlorine, zinc with two, boron with three, silicon with four, phosphorus with five and tungsten with six.
But not only is the combining power or valency (atomicity) of the elements different, it is also observed that one element may combine with another in several proportions, or that its valency may vary; for example, phosphorus forms two chlorides represented by the formulae PC1 3 and PC1 51 nitrogen the series of oxides represented by the formulae N 2 0, NO, (N203), N 2 O 4, N205, molybdenum forms the chlorides MoC1 2, MoC1 3, MoC1 4, MoC1 5, MoCls(?), and tungsten the chlorides WC1 2, WCl 4, WC1 5, WC16.
Her tests appear to show that molybdenum is even more effective than tungsten in augmenting the coercive force, the highest values observed being 70 to 74 for tungstensteel, and 80 to 85 for steel containing 3.5 to 4% of molybdenum.
To remove it, Oxland fuses the ore with a certain proportion of carbonate of soda, which suffices to convert the tungsten into soluble alkaline tungstate, without producing noteworthy quantities of soluble stannate from the oxide of tin; the tungstate is easily removed by treatment with water.
The OU microscope benefits from an LED retrofitted to replace the tungsten bulb.
No tungsten based fakes of the correct specifications have been reported.
A comparison of electron emission characteristics of LaB 6, CeB 6 and tungsten at typical operating temperatures.
The yellow tone comes from tungsten lighting (round light bulbs).
What about palladium, rose gold, or tungsten rings?
These special bulbs are similar to incandescent bulbs featuring a tungsten resistance wire set within a sheath of high purity quartz.
The cost is $415.00 and they are available in horn with java polar, noir with platinum polar, olive tortoise with midnight express, and tungsten with chrome sapphire.
While many women's bands are enhancers or wraps to pair with engagement rings, men's wedding bands have a greater variety of metals, including tungsten, titanium, and multi-tone rings.
With exceptional strength and burnished white beauty, tungsten engagement rings are growing more and more popular, particularly for men.
It is only in recent years that tungsten has been adapted for jewelry use, creating heavy and durable rings that are ideally suited for men's engagement and wedding rings.
Because of its extreme strength, tungsten can be difficult to work to create intricate design details, and the most commonly available rings are tungsten bands.
Multi-tone bands with a tungsten core surrounded by platinum, titanium, or gold.
Because the metal can be difficult to work, elaborate settings and filigrees are not found in tungsten rings, though several manufacturers have experimented with tension settings that utilize the metal's extreme strength.
Because other precious metals are easier to craft into rings, more readily available, and generally less expensive, it can be difficult to find tungsten rings.
Independent designers may offer a limited supply of tungsten designs, but because the metal cannot be readily resized, it must be specially ordered to suit each individual's ring size.
The best place to buy tungsten jewelry is through the internet, and online jewelers often have a wide selection of available designs to choose from.
Tungsten rings are typically more expensive than their gold or platinum counterparts; a plain tungsten band can cost up to $800 or more, and more elaborate designs can easily cost over $1,000.
Tungsten engagement rings are incredibly scratch-resistant, making them excellent choices for individuals with active lifestyles who don't want to remove their rings frequently.
Tungsten cannot be effectively engraved, and attempting this type of customization can void any sales warranties as well as irreparably damage the ring.
Tungsten is a high-quality, high-durability metal, and while it is more frequently used for men's wedding rings, tungsten engagement rings are becoming more readily available.
With a rich silver luster and heavy weight, the strength of tungsten is immediately apparent and is the perfect way to symbolize the strength of a couple's relationship.
Greater selection of unusual metals, such as rose gold or tungsten.
This means that golds will wear more quickly than metals such as tungsten or platinum.
Shipping and returns are free making for hassle-free shopping. iWeddingBand offers many styles in metals such as gold, platinum, titanium, tungsten, palladium, and cobalt.
Many couples are choosing rings made of titanium, sterling silver, tungsten carbide, and other alternatives.
Men are choosing heavy rings with a modern look, often crafted from stainless steel, titanium, or tungsten.
Compared to other choices such as gold, platinum, titanium, or tungsten wedding rings, however, steel rings are much more affordable.
This includes platinum, palladium, different grades of gold, silver and more unusual types of metal such as tungsten and stainless steel.
Metals such as steel and tungsten are also hard wearing and therefore a practical and unusual alternative.
Couples who want a unique modern ring design should consider tungsten wedding bands.
The strongest metal available, tungsten creates a durable ring that comes in a variety of stunning designs for men and women.
The jewelry industry discovered tungsten in the 1990s because it is the hardest metal available.
Today tungsten jewelry is growing in popularity because of the beauty of these strong steel gray rings.
Tungsten aka wolfram is a heavy element with an atomic number of 74 and has the highest melting point of all elements.
Over the years, the element has been referred to as tungsten.
The word tungsten is the Swedish word for heavy stone.
Tungsten alone can still be prone to scratches but combined with other materials, such as carbon and sometimes nickel, it becomes the hardest metal available.
The combination of tungsten with carbon creates tungsten carbide, the main tungsten material used for jewelry production.
Tungsten, carbon and other substances are ground up and compressed with high heat and pressure dies.
After heating the ring, craftsmen cut and shape the tungsten with diamond tools in an intricate 40 step process.
Diamond polishing tools are also used to create the famous tungsten shine, which never fades.
Tungsten is harder than titanium, gold or platinum.
Tungsten is not only harder but is also shinier and more scratch resistant than all three metals.
Jewelers claim the tungsten will look new for years because the hard material retains the original pattern, resists scratches and stays shiny through daily wear or even rough handling.
Not every jeweler offers engravings for tungsten rings because only lasers work for engraving the heavy metal.
Wedding jewelry made from tungsten is primarily marketed for men.
However, tungsten rings are available for women that are made in more delicate designs.
Before purchasing a tungsten wedding band, confirm that it is a tungsten carbide ring and try to find out what other metals are mixed with it.
Nickel is often combined with tungsten carbide for strength.
A tungsten ring may be perfect for a couple who wants modern rings that will hold up to an active lifestyle.
Check Buy.com for a laser engraved ring made of tungsten carbide.
Tantalum has in recent years been turned to economic service, being employed, in the same manner as tungsten, for the production of the filaments employed in incandescent electric lighting.
The effect of the addition of tungsten in increasing the coercive force is very clearly shown; in two specimens containing respectively 3.44 and 2.35% of tungsten the coercive force was 64.5 and 70.7.
In the case of iron containing 7.5% of tungsten (W), the residual induction had a remarkably high value; the coercive force, however, was not very great.
Tungsten is found as wolframite in Stevens county near Deer Trail and Bissell, in Okanogan county near Loomis, in Whatcom county near the international boundary, and (with some scheelite) at Silver Hill, near Spokane.
By partial reduction of the tungstates under certain conditions products are obtained which are insoluble in acids and alkalis and present a bronze-like appearance which earned for them the name of tungsten bronzes.
A blue bronze, Na2W5015, forming dark blue cubes with a red reflex, is obtained by electrolysing fused sodium paratungstate; a purple-red variety, Na2W309, and a reddish yellow form result when sodium carbonate and sodium tungstate are heated respectively with tungsten trioxide and tinfoil.
The hexafluoride, WF 6, is a very active gaseous compound, which attacks glass and metals, obtained from tungsten hexachloride and hydrofluoric acid (Ruff and Eisner, Ber., 1905, 38, p. 74 2).
Ammonia does not react with tungsten or the dioxide, but with trioxide at a red heat a substance of the formula W 5 H 6 N 3 0 5 is obtained, which is insoluble in acids and alkalis and on ignition decomposes, evolving nitrogen, hydrogen and ammonia.