This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience. Learn more

tumors

tumors Sentence Examples

  • "No brain tumors," she replied.

    0
    0
  • "No brain tumors," she replied.

    0
    0
  • In addition, primary skin tumors such as melanoma have a predilection to spread to the liver.

    0
    0
  • aberrant methylation of genes in solid tumors makes it an attractive target for novel anti-cancer therapies.

    0
    0
  • adrenocortical tumors is the loss of MHC class II expression.

    0
    0
  • A different marker on 3p14.2 showed an identical shifted band in the three tumors indicative of a common microsatellite alteration.

    0
    0
  • amylase activities were observed in patients with various solid tumors who received SUTENT.

    0
    0
  • benign tumors on their noses or ears.

    0
    0
  • biosynthesis inhibitors directly to tumors whilst minimizing normal tissue toxicity.

    0
    0
  • borderline ovarian tumors.

    0
    0
  • In the original lab tests, animals developed brain tumors (phenylalanine breaks down into DXP, a brain tumors (phenylalanine breaks down into DXP, a brain tumor agent ).

    0
    0
  • Seven of the 12 tumors had thin fibrous capsules that were not seen on sonography.

    0
    0
  • One members asked whether there was any evidence that non-genotoxic carcinogens could induce tumors over a short duration of exposure.

    0
    0
  • She subsequently developed two metachronous primary tumors: a small-cell lung cancer and a colon carcinoma.

    0
    0
  • shark cartilage Growth of cancerous tumors requires a large blood supply.

    0
    0
  • cartilaginous tumors of the larynx are uncommon.

    0
    0
  • Eight had progressive disease as the best response on their last platinum-based chemotherapy, and three had potentially sensitive tumors.

    0
    0
  • choroid plexus tumors are rare intraventricular tumors, and they represent 2-4% of brain tumors in children.

    0
    0
  • With prophylactic colectomy, the main risks to life are the development of duodenal cancer or desmoid tumors.

    0
    0
  • It can usefully be applied to cases of suspected spinal cord compression which often results from spinal tumors or from slipped disks.

    0
    0
  • Information: Several cases of children born from assisted conception developing tumors have come to light.

    0
    0
  • Every toxicologist, physiologist, medical doctor and most chemists know that... Cigarette smoke condensate applied to the backs of mice causes tumors.

    0
    0
  • cord compression which often results from spinal tumors or from slipped disks.

    0
    0
  • awake craniotomy with propofol infusion has become increasingly popular for the optimal excision of brain tumors located in eloquent areas.

    0
    0
  • The great majority of tumors are potentially curable in their early stages.

    0
    0
  • Patients come from across the globe to have tumors treated by the UK ' s only medical cyclotron.

    0
    0
  • desmoid tumors have a one in five risk of death at an average age of about 35.

    0
    0
  • desmoid tumors are rare occurrences.

    0
    0
  • dopa pet enabled best localization of primary tumors and lymph node staging.

    0
    0
  • duct carcinomas or tumors " possibly related to the loop of Henle.

    0
    0
  • Mixed tumors can occur Elderly patients are affected and they present with painless progressive dysphagia, initially to solids and then to liquids.

    0
    0
  • AB - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of adjuvant therapy for ovarian germ cell tumors.

    0
    0
  • endocrine tumors.

    0
    0
  • The tumors of the bilateral epididymis were surgically resected and of the right renal tumor enucleated.

    0
    0
  • In T3 tumors of the distal esophagus, a negative EUS result does not substantiate absence of CLN disease.

    0
    0
  • etiology of these tumors remains unknown, great advances have been made in their diagnosis and treatment.

    0
    0
  • In an attempt to identify the molecular etiology of the tumors DNA was extracted from paraffin fixed tissue from both patients.

    0
    0
  • excised tumors of terminal cancer patients.

    0
    0
  • fibroids tumors may be connected to the uterus by the means of a long stalk or a stem-like base.

    0
    0
  • foramen magnum tumors can be totally removed with good prognosis.

    0
    0
  • foramen magnum tumors can be totally removed with good prognosis.

    0
    0
  • fossa tumors.

    0
    0
  • Ovarian tumors are common in female gerbils with poor reproductive performance.

    0
    0
  • At that time, germ cell tumors were the cause of death in 400 males per year in germ cell tumors were the cause of death in 400 males per year in Germany.

    0
    0
  • germ cell tumors of the brain see the section on brain tumors.

    0
    0
  • gland tumors in our setup.

    0
    0
  • glioma brain tumors.

    0
    0
  • Early results have shown promise for extending survival in patients with highly aggressive brain tumors called gliomas.

    0
    0
  • hindgut tumors.

    0
    0
  • All three CR patients had the histology of endometrioid carcinoma with the tumors located in the pelvis.

    0
    0
  • However, in the case of testicular tumors, a small secondary hydrocele is present in one third of cases.

    0
    0
  • identical mutations in the different microdissected tumors.

    0
    0
  • Cell-mediated immunity in horses with sarcoid tumors against sarcoid cells in vitro.

    0
    0
  • Since tumors are poorly immunogenic, the second essential element of a cancer vaccine is to increase the strength of the immune response.

    0
    0
  • The restriction point couples proliferation to external cues, and hence is frequently inactivated in tumors that grow autonomously.

    0
    0
  • There was no increased incidence of liver tumors in rats.

    0
    0
  • Women with invasive ovarian tumors were no more likely to have been exposed to any ovulation induction agents.

    0
    0
  • Awake craniotomy with propofol infusion has become increasingly popular for the optimal excision of brain tumors located in eloquent areas.

    0
    0
  • Tumors that are located in the areas of the brain that control breathing, intellect or physical movement would possibly be considered inoperable.

    0
    0
  • intracranial tumors in a follow-up design.

    0
    0
  • These tumors rarely move to internal body organs and are only locally invasive.

    0
    0
  • irradiate blood components for patients with solid tumors, organ transplants, HIV or aplastic anemia.

    0
    0
  • islet cell tumors behave quite differently from other cancers in the pancreas.

    0
    0
  • The six tumors that could not be analyzed using the direct method showed a normal karyotype.

    0
    0
  • It helps with breast and lung tumors, and can promote lactation.

    0
    0
  • laminin chain have not been previously associated with malignant tumors.

    0
    0
  • SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Many patients are referred to tertiary centers with periampullary carcinoma after their tumors were deemed unresectable at previous laparotomy.

    0
    0
  • Selenium Cholesterol Scanning for Conn's Tumors INDICATIONS For functional lateralization of Conn's tumors.

    0
    0
  • Fat pets are more susceptible to fatty tumors called lipomas.

    0
    0
  • localize those tumors that cannot be readily detected by this imaging technique.

    0
    0
  • These bright areas could indicate possible locations of tumors or other abnormalities.

    0
    0
  • magnum tumors can be totally removed with good prognosis.

    0
    0
  • Almost all Ewing's sarcoma tumors have a change in their genetic makeup.

    0
    0
  • malignant tumors.

    0
    0
  • The implanted tumors develop into large, highly malignant brain tumors in the puppies.

    0
    0
  • These growths are often called tumors but are usually not malignant or cancer.

    0
    0
  • GAN tumors are fatal and must be considered malignant.

    0
    0
  • malodorous tumors and bacterial vaginosis.

    0
    0
  • mammary tumors are ' mixed cell ' tumors.

    0
    0
  • mammary tumors in mice.

    0
    0
  • metastasized midgut carcinoid tumors for plasma indole analysis.

    0
    0
  • midgut carcinoid tumors for plasma indole analysis.

    0
    0
  • midgut tumors had significantly higher hormonal levels.

    0
    0
  • AB - Warthin's tumors provide a unique opportunity to distinguish and compare monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to the epithelial mucin, MUC1.

    0
    0
  • murine tumors in vivo.

    0
    0
  • mutated in sporadic tumors as well.

    0
    0
  • Patients and methods Tumors from 2 7 patients with RCC were assessed: all patients had undergone nephrectomy.

    0
    0
  • neuroblastoma tumors treated with the drug had smaller tumors than similar mice treated with saline.

    0
    0
  • neuroendocrine tumors in various organ systems in a ten-year period.

    0
    0
  • As the tumors keep on growing a young person who develops acoustic neuroma will almost always eventually develop symptoms from it.

    0
    0
  • neuroma tumors.

    0
    0
  • Hearing impairment British Acoustic neuroma Association Help for sufferers of acoustic neuroma brain tumors.

    0
    0
  • neutrophil recruitment to tumors have yet to be identified.

    0
    0
  • operable tumors.

    0
    0
  • papillary renal cell tumors (RCT ).

    0
    0
  • None of the tumors was localized exclusively to the parotid gland, so the primary site was referred to as the " parotid region.

    0
    0
  • phyllodes tumors are classified into three groups: benign (most common) borderline malignant malignant.

    0
    0
  • phyllodes tumors had characteristic features which were quite different from those of the benign lesions.

    0
    0
  • pituitary tumors in the brain.

    0
    0
  • This report documents that islet cell tumors may function by secreting pancreatic polypeptide but not cause symptoms.

    0
    0
  • AB - BACKGROUND: tissue polypeptide specific antigen (TPS) recently was introduced as an indicator of cell proliferation in various tumors.

    0
    0
  • poultices for painful swellings and tumors.

    0
    0
  • Ovarian germ cell tumors occur in young women in whom fertility preservation is of great concern.

    0
    0
  • AB - PURPOSE: Children with recurrent or progressive central nervous system (CNS) tumors have an unfavorable prognosis.

    0
    0
  • prophylactic colectomy, the main risks to life are the development of duodenal cancer or desmoid tumors.

    0
    0
  • protease inhibitor drugs, indinavir and saquinavir, greatly reduced the growth of KS tumors in mice.

    0
    0
  • puss drained from cat tumors.

    0
    0
  • There is more detailed information about stereotactic radiotherapy in the treating brain tumors section of CancerHelp UK.

    0
    0
  • RESULTS: There were 208 tumors managed with plaque radiotherapy.

    0
    0
  • Some tumors have higher estrogen receptor levels than others.

    0
    0
  • regressing tumors.

    0
    0
  • retinoblastoma tumors can be successfully treated if detected early enough, but the required chemotherapy and surgery can result in blindness.

    0
    0
  • Salmon carry abscesses and tumors, the herring never returned, and the sea lion rookery at Montague Island remains silent and empty.

    0
    0
  • salivary gland tumors in our setup.

    0
    0
  • This is a type of primary bone cancer - one of a group of tumors called spindle cell sarcomas.

    0
    0
  • This is a type of primary bone cancer - one of a group of tumors called spindle cell sarcomas.

    0
    0
  • Eight of nine primary tumors and 41 metastatic lesions were detected by 131I-MIBG scintigraphy.

    0
    0
  • secondarynlikely that resection of isolated liver secondaries in patients with primary lung tumors would be of benefit.

    0
    0
  • This tumor selectivity has been demonstrated for transplanted tumors in animal models.

    0
    0
  • Many patients ' tumors show shrinkage well within the 12-week period others may take many months to respond.

    0
    0
  • solid tumors.

    0
    0
  • The main problem raised by these tumors is confounding infection which may lead to late diagnosis or an error in tumor staging.

    0
    0
  • All malignant salivary gland tumors expressed similar intense HA in tumor stroma.

    0
    0
  • A hallmark of this disease is the induction of large plant tumors that are filled with masses of black-pigmented teliospores.

    0
    0
  • telomerase activity in most tumors.

    0
    0
  • The majority of human tumors stabilize their telomere lengths by activation of the enzyme telomerase.

    0
    0
  • These include thalidomide which is a drug that reduces the blood supply to tumors to stop them growing.

    0
    0
  • right thoracotomy Approach Via the 6th rib, allowing resection of tumors in the middle third of the esophagus.

    0
    0
  • We focus on tumors of the head and neck, breast, lower gastro-intestinal tract, prostate and basal cell carcinoma of the skin.

    0
    0
  • Both SPA and ENT are tumors of secretory epithelial cells yet ENTV and JSRV appear to have different tropisms.

    0
    0
  • tumors of the pancreas.

    0
    0
  • tumors of the ovary from 1977-1997.

    0
    0
  • Only malignant tumors have the capacity to move to new locations.

    0
    0
  • Read the latest on fibroids; how to treat uterine fibroids and how fibroid tumors can affect you.

    0
    0
  • When they have moved to a new location in the body they are called metastatic tumors.

    0
    0
  • At that time, germ cell tumors were the cause of death in 400 males per year in Germany.

    0
    0
  • Sporadic islet cell tumors are more common than islet cell tumors as a part of MEN type-I syndrome.

    0
    0
  • These results strongly suggest that Rb gene alteration is pertinent to the tumorigenesis of most osteosarcoma cases and some other bone and soft-tissue tumors.

    0
    0
  • In seven patients these tumors were found at operation, three by the surgeon and four by intraoperative ultrasonography.

    0
    0
  • ureter tumors.

    0
    0
  • urogenital tract diseases, tumors, Alzheimer's dementia, and atherosclerosis.

    0
    0
  • The presence or absence of expression of these splice variants is being documented in normal tissues and a spectrum of brain tumors.

    0
    0
  • vasoactive agents have on blood vessels in different tumors is being determined in ' window chamber ' experiments.

    0
    0
  • venereal tumors, which are sexually transmitted.

    0
    0
  • In similar way, synovial tumors such as lipoma, pedunculated fibromas intra-articular xanthomas and areas of pigmented villo-nodular synovitis may arthroscopically excised.

    0
    0
  • In human tumor xenograft models, treatment with XR5944 caused both partial and complete regression of large established tumors.

    0
    0
  • Something sweet, sugary, chocolatey, and filled with the apparent puss drained from cat tumors.

    0
    0
  • AB - Most patients with plasma cell tumors receive radiation therapy at some time during the course of their disease.

    0
    0
  • There is more detailed information about stereotactic radiotherapy in the treating brain tumors section of CancerHelp UK.

    0
    0
  • RESULTS: There were 208 tumors managed with plaque radiotherapy.

    0
    0
  • Also, there was little evidence of acute inflammatory infiltration in regressing tumors.

    0
    0
  • When tumors acquire multi-drug resistance, become refractory and cause relapse after first-line chemotherapy, their responses to routine drugs are greatly compromised.

    0
    0
  • Retinoblastoma tumors can be successfully treated if detected early enough, but the required chemotherapy and surgery can result in blindness.

    0
    0
  • Salmon carry abscesses and tumors, the herring never returned, and the sea lion rookery at Montague Island remains silent and empty.

    0
    0
  • This is a type of primary bone cancer - one of a group of tumors called spindle cell sarcomas.

    0
    0
  • Eight of nine primary tumors and 41 metastatic lesions were detected by 131I-MIBG scintigraphy.

    0
    0
  • It is unlikely that resection of isolated liver secondaries in patients with primary lung tumors would be of benefit.

    0
    0
  • This tumor selectivity has been demonstrated for transplanted tumors in animal models.

    0
    0
  • Many patients ' tumors show shrinkage well within the 12-week period others may take many months to respond.

    0
    0
  • This program involves three compounds being developed for the treatment of solid tumors.

    0
    0
  • The main problem raised by these tumors is confounding infection which may lead to late diagnosis or an error in tumor staging.

    0
    0
  • All malignant salivary gland tumors expressed similar intense HA in tumor stroma.

    0
    0
  • Fibrinogen E fragment selectively disrupts the vasculature and inhibits the growth of murine tumors in a syngeneic murine model.

    0
    0
  • A hallmark of this disease is the induction of large plant tumors that are filled with masses of black-pigmented teliospores.

    0
    0
  • A matter of great relevance, however, is the presence of telomerase activity in most tumors.

    0
    0
  • The majority of human tumors stabilize their telomere lengths by activation of the enzyme telomerase.

    0
    0
  • These include thalidomide which is a drug that reduces the blood supply to tumors to stop them growing.

    0
    0
  • Right Thoracotomy Approach Via the 6th rib, allowing resection of tumors in the middle third of the esophagus.

    0
    0
  • We continue to advocate an aggressive, optimistic approach for those patients with clinically confined tumors with isolated venous tumor thrombus extension.

    0
    0
  • We focus on tumors of the head and neck, breast, lower gastro-intestinal tract, prostate and basal cell carcinoma of the skin.

    0
    0
  • Both SPA and ENT are tumors of secretory epithelial cells yet ENTV and JSRV appear to have different tropisms.

    0
    0
  • They show similar characteristics to neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas.

    0
    0
  • METHODS: We reviewed records of women who had malignant germ cell tumors of the ovary from 1977-1997.

    0
    0
  • Only malignant tumors have the capacity to move to new locations.

    0
    0
  • Read the latest on fibroids; how to treat uterine fibroids and how fibroid tumors can affect you.

    0
    0
  • When they have moved to a new location in the body they are called metastatic tumors.

    0
    0
  • Sporadic islet cell tumors are more common than islet cell tumors as a part of MEN type-I syndrome.

    0
    0
  • These results strongly suggest that Rb gene alteration is pertinent to the tumorigenesis of most osteosarcoma cases and some other bone and soft-tissue tumors.

    0
    0
  • In seven patients these tumors were found at operation, three by the surgeon and four by intraoperative ultrasonography.

    0
    0
  • CT and MRI appear to have a high diagnostic sensitivity and staging accuracy in ureter tumors.

    0
    0
  • To fight age-related diseases such as infections, urogenital tract diseases, tumors, Alzheimer 's dementia, and atherosclerosis.

    0
    0
  • The presence or absence of expression of these splice variants is being documented in normal tissues and a spectrum of brain tumors.

    0
    0
  • The effect that vasoactive agents have on blood vessels in different tumors is being determined in ' window chamber ' experiments.

    0
    0
  • Others are receiving chemotherapy for transmissible venereal tumors, which are sexually transmitted.

    0
    0
  • AB - Four cases of carcinoid tumors of the vermiform appendix are reported.

    0
    0
  • The ratio between them indicates changes in tumors that are not visible under the microscope.

    0
    0
  • In similar way, synovial tumors such as lipoma, pedunculated fibromas intra-articular xanthomas and areas of pigmented villo-nodular synovitis may arthroscopically excised.

    0
    0
  • In human tumor xenograft models, treatment with XR5944 caused both partial and complete regression of large established tumors.

    0
    0
  • Malignant tumors are difficult to eradicate because they can spread uncontrollably.

    0
    0
  • Malignant tumors are often difficult to eradicate because they can spread uncontrollably.

    0
    0
  • Antioxidants neutralize free radicals, the natural byproduct of metabolism that can damage cell DNA and eventually cause tumors and cancer.

    0
    0
  • The CMP in cocoa butter is further believed to inhibit the growth of cancerous cells and tumors by reducing active oxygen levels, inhibiting the oxidation of LDL (good cholesterol) and inhibiting the production of inflammatory cells.

    0
    0
  • The ingredients in milk thistle may also help reduce the blood being supplied to tumors and subsequently cause them to die.

    0
    0
  • Melanoma tumors originate in the cells that produce melanin, the chemical that causes pigmentation in the skin, eyes, and hair.

    0
    0
  • Similar to several other breeds of dogs, Boxers experience problems with heart murmurs, allergies, and are susceptible to tumors.

    0
    0
  • As Labs get older they tend to get what is called fatty tumors.

    0
    0
  • This breed is also known to suffer from eyelid problems, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), boils on the lip and tumors.

    0
    0
  • There is controversy surrounding parabens, however, because of some studies that have linked parabens to breast cancer tumors.

    0
    0
  • It is thought that the chemicals mimic estrogen in the body, which could promote growth of cancer tumors or disrupt the endocrine system in the body.

    0
    0
  • This may be from infections, injuries to the area, tumors and even degenerative brain disorders.

    0
    0
  • However, mutant cells may escape immune detection and become tumors or cancers.

    0
    0
  • Carcinoma (90% of all cancer) are solid tumors arising in the layer of cells (epithelium) covering the body's surface and lining internal organs and glands.

    0
    0
  • The doctor inserts a gloved finger into the rectum and rotates it slowly to feel for growths, tumors, or other abnormalities.

    0
    0
  • Newer molecular and cellular diagnostic testing, such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), allows the molecular genetic analysis of tumors.

    0
    0
  • Spectral karyotyping (SKY), an advanced method of screening chromosomes for numeric and structural abnormalities, is used to evaluate pediatric tumors.

    0
    0
  • Surgical removal of a solid tumor is most effective with small tumors confined to one area of the body.

    0
    0
  • Children with osteosarcoma (bone cancer) and other solid tumors are candidates for surgery, however.

    0
    0
  • In tumors that are dependent on hormones, one option is to remove organs that secrete the hormones.

    0
    0
  • Neurofibromatosis (NF) is a genetic disease in which multiple soft tumors (neurofibromas) develop under the skin and throughout the nervous system.

    0
    0
  • Various sized tumors may grow on the nerves in or leading away from the brain and spinal cord (peripheral nerves) and in the vascular system (veins and arteries) and other organ systems.

    0
    0
  • In both types of NF, a genetic defect causes these neural crest cells to develop abnormally, resulting in numerous tumors and malformations of the nerves, bones, and skin.

    0
    0
  • Severe disfigurement can result from the development of these tumors as the disease progresses and bone deformities may occur as well.

    0
    0
  • NF-2 is a rare type of NF in which multiple tumors grow on the cranial (head) and spinal nerves and other growths can occur in the brain and spinal cord.

    0
    0
  • Ninety percent of patients with NF-1 have tiny tumors called Lisch nodules in the iris (colored area) of the eye.

    0
    0
  • Soft tumors (neurofibromas) are the hallmark of NF-1.

    0
    0
  • Tumors along the optic nerve, causing vision disturbances in about 20 percent of those affected.

    0
    0
  • These include various types of malignant brain tumors, as well as leukemia and cancerous tumors of certain muscles (rhabdomyosarcoma), the adrenal glands (pheochromocytoma), or the kidneys (Wilms' tumor).

    0
    0
  • The characteristic symptoms of NF-2 are due to tumors along the acoustic nerve that result in nerve dysfunction and the loss of hearing.

    0
    0
  • As in NF-1, the chance of brain tumors developing is unusually high.

    0
    0
  • X rays, CT scans, and MRI scans are performed to track the development/progression of tumors in the brain and along the nerves.

    0
    0
  • Some brain tumors and tumors along the nerves, can be surgically removed or treated with chemotherapeutic drugs or x-ray treatments (radiation therapy).

    0
    0
  • Prognosis varies depending on the types of tumors that develop.

    0
    0
  • As tumors grow, they begin to destroy surrounding nerves and structures.

    0
    0
  • Surgery to remove tumors may require the provision of educational information for both parents and children so that the procedure and possible complications are understood ahead of time.

    0
    0
  • Radiation therapy, which involves the use of x-rays or other high-energy rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors, may be used in some cases.

    0
    0
  • The doctor will begin by ruling out such other possible diagnoses as bacterial or viral infections, collagen vascular disease, hypersensitivity reactions, and malignant tumors.

    0
    0
  • High levels are seen in many conditions, including bacterial and fungal meningitis, tumors, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and traumatic tap.

    0
    0
  • About 50 percent of metastatic cancers that infiltrate the central nervous system and about 10 percent of central nervous system tumors will shed cells into the CSF.

    0
    0
  • Females are only slightly more likely than males to develop Wilms' tumors.

    0
    0
  • Wilms' tumors are found more commonly in patients with other types of birth defects.

    0
    0
  • Except in patients who have tumors in both kidneys, this surgery usually requires complete removal of the affected kidney.

    0
    0
  • It has long been known that Wilms' tumors respond to radiation therapy.

    0
    0
  • The National Wilms' Tumor Study Group developed a staging system to describe Wilms' tumors.

    0
    0
  • Stage II tumors involving a favorable histology (cell characteristics) are usually treated with the same therapy as Stage I.

    0
    0
  • Stage III tumors with favorable histology are usually treated with a combination chemotherapy with doxorubicin, dactinomycin, and vincristine along with radiation therapy to the abdomen.

    0
    0
  • In the case of Stage II through IV tumors with unfavorable, or anaplastic, cells, then the previously-mentioned combination chemotherapy is used along with the drug cyclophosphamide.

    0
    0
  • Ultrasonography is often used to diagnose fetal abnormalities, gallstones, heart defects, and tumors.

    0
    0
  • Disorders of the hypothalamus or the pituitary gland: These problems may be associated with brain tumors.

    0
    0
  • In some cases the doctor may order an MRI to rule out tumors affecting the hypothalamus or pituitary gland.

    0
    0
  • Tumors of the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland or abnormalities of the reproductive organs usually require surgery.

    0
    0
  • On the other hand, amenorrhea associated with glandular disturbances, tumors, genetic or anatomical abnormalities, diabetes, or other systemic disorders is part of a larger and more worrisome picture.

    0
    0
  • For example, tumors and autoimmune diseases were as of 2004 easier to diagnose.

    0
    0
  • Ultrasonography is often used to diagnose fetal abnormalities, gallstones, heart defects, and tumors.

    0
    0
  • Secondary headaches may be the result of infection, meningitis, tumors, or localized head injury.

    0
    0
  • Finally, damage caused by diseases of the pancreas (such as pancreatitis), endocrine disorders (e.g., endocrine tumors), and drugs or toxins can also destroy beta cell function.

    0
    0
  • They are a painless, non-invasive way to help diagnose problems such as broken bones, tumors, dental decay, and the presence of foreign bodies.

    0
    0
  • Thus bone absorbs more x rays than muscle or fat, and tumors may absorb more x rays than surrounding tissue.

    0
    0
  • Mammograms are fixed plate x rays that are designed to locate tumors within the breasts.

    0
    0
  • Most primary bone tumors are benign, and the cells that compose them do not spread (metastasize) to nearby tissue or to other parts of the body.

    0
    0
  • Malignant primary bone tumors account for less than 1 percent of all cancers diagnosed in the United States.

    0
    0
  • Malignant primary bone tumors are characterized as either bone cancers which originate in the hard material of the bone or soft-tissue sarcomas which begin in blood vessels, nerves, or tissues containing muscles, fat, or fiber.

    0
    0
  • Accounting for fewer than 5 percent of bone tumors in children, Ewing's sarcoma usually begins in the soft tissue (the marrow) inside bones of the leg, hips, ribs, and arms.

    0
    0
  • Chondrosarcomas are cancerous bone tumors that most often appear in middle age.

    0
    0
  • It takes years for a chondrosarcoma to metastasize to other parts of the body, and some of these tumors never spread.

    0
    0
  • Osteochondromas, which usually develop between the ages of ten and 20, are the most common noncancerous primary bone tumors.

    0
    0
  • Giant cell tumors generally develop in a section of the thigh bone near the knee.

    0
    0
  • Giant cell tumors are originally benign but sometimes become malignant.

    0
    0
  • Children who have bone tumors are often tall for their age, and the disease seems to be associated with growth spurts that occur during childhood and adolescence.

    0
    0
  • Injuries can make the presence of tumors more apparent but do not cause them.

    0
    0
  • Both benign and malignant bone tumors can distort and weaken bone and cause pain, but benign tumors are generally painless and asymptomatic.

    0
    0
  • Physical examination and routine x rays may yield enough evidence to diagnose benign bone tumors, but removal of tumor tissue for microscopic analysis (biopsy) is the only sure way to rule out malignancy.

    0
    0
  • An incisional biopsy is performed on tumors too large or inaccessible to be completely removed.

    0
    0
  • Bone cancer is usually diagnosed about three months after symptoms first appear, and 20 percent of malignant tumors have metastasized to the lungs or other parts of the body by that time.

    0
    0
  • Because more than four of every five malignant bone tumors metastasize to the lungs, a CAT scan of the chest is performed to see if these organs have been affected.

    0
    0
  • Primary tumors or cells that have metastasized absorb the radioactive material and show up as dark spots on the scan.

    0
    0
  • This technique is effective in identifying cells that are found in Ewing's sarcoma but are not present in other malignant tumors.

    0
    0
  • Amputation may be the only therapeutic option for large tumors involving nerves or blood vessels that have not responded to chemotherapy.

    0
    0
  • Some benign bone tumors shrink or disappear without treatment.

    0
    0
  • However, regular examinations are recommended to determine whether these tumors have changed in any way.

    0
    0
  • Benign brain tumors rarely recur, but sarcomas can reappear after treatment was believed to have eliminated every cell.

    0
    0
  • More than 85 percent of patients survive for more than five years after complete surgical removal of low-grade osteosarcomas (tumors that arise in mature tissue and contain a small number of cancerous cells).

    0
    0
  • About 25 to 30 percent of patients diagnosed with high-grade osteosarcomas (tumors that develop in immature tissue and contain a large number of cancer cells) die of the disease.

    0
    0
  • More than 70 percent of patients live five years or more with a small Ewing's sarcoma that cannot be removed, but only three out of five patients with large, unremovable tumors survive that long.

    0
    0
  • Other spine abnormalities such as congenital scoliosis and kyphosis, or soft tissue tumors overlying the spine, are not likely to have these accompanying findings.

    0
    0
  • Tuberous sclerosis is a genetic disorder in which noncancerous (benign) tumors grow on the brain, skin, kidneys, eyes, heart, and lungs.

    0
    0
  • The name tuberous sclerosis refers to characteristics of the benign tumors that grow within the brain.

    0
    0
  • The tumors have root-like or tuberous appendages.

    0
    0
  • Over time, the tumors undergo sclerosis, meaning they calcify and grow hard.

    0
    0
  • The tumors of tuberous sclerosis occur throughout the body, including the brain, heart, lungs, kidneys, eyes, and skin.

    0
    0
  • Rarely, malignant tumors of the kidney (renal cell carcinoma) occur within an existing angiolipoma.

    0
    0
  • Several types of brain tumors can grow, resulting in blockage of the flow of cerebrospinal fluid, fluid backup, headaches, and visual disturbances.

    0
    0
  • Benign tumors in the heart (rhabdomyomas) may block circulation or may exist uneventfully.

    0
    0
  • Tuberous sclerosis is diagnosed when the characteristic tumors are noted in the skin, heart, brain, or kidneys.

    0
    0
  • Further examination with CT and/or MRI scans, ultrasound, and Wood's lamps to view the eyes will reveal the presence of the characteristic tumors of tuberous sclerosis.

    0
    0
  • Surgery may be performed to remove enlarging kidney tumors, to avoid the advent of kidney failure.

    0
    0
  • In children, if the lymphadenitis is severe or persistent, the doctor may need to rule out mumps, HIV, tumors in the neck region, and congenital cysts that resemble swollen lymph nodes.

    0
    0
  • Specific diseases causing an increased risk for fractures include Paget's disease, rickets, osteogenesis imperfecta, osteoporosis, bone cancer and tumors, and prolonged disuse of a nonfunctional body part such as after a stroke.

    0
    0
  • Also in rare cases, the salivary glands can become blocked, develop tumors, or swell due to the use of certain drugs, such as iodine.

    0
    0
  • These tumors at the base of the tailbone can grow very large.

    0
    0
  • However, a small percentage of these tumors are large, hard, and full of blood vessels and may stress the fetal heart.

    0
    0
  • Ultrasonography is often used to diagnose fetal abnormalities, gallstones, heart defects, and tumors.

    0
    0
  • Ultrasonography is often used to diagnose fetal abnormalities, gallstones, heart defects, and tumors.

    0
    0
  • Some, however, develop multiple tumors (multifocal) in one or both eyes.

    0
    0
  • Individuals with multiple independent tumors, bilateral retinoblastoma, or trilateral retinoblastoma are more likely to be affected with the inherited form of retinoblastoma.

    0
    0
  • Malignant (cancerous) tumors can spread to other parts of the body.

    0
    0
  • Although most people with the inherited form of retinoblastoma develop bilateral tumors, approximately 15 percent of people with a tumor in only one eye (unilateral) are affected with an inherited form of retinoblastoma.

    0
    0
  • It can also sometimes help guide treatment choices, since patients with an inherited form of retinoblastoma may be at increased risk for developing recurrent tumors or other types of cancers, particularly when treated with radiation.

    0
    0
  • This system is used to classify intraocular tumors and predict which tumors are favorable enough that sight can be maintained.

    0
    0
  • Group I (very favorable for maintenance of sight): small solitary or multiple tumors, less than 6.4 mm in size (1 inch equals 25.4 mm), located at or below the equator of the eye.

    0
    0
  • Group II (favorable for maintenance of sight): solitary or multiple tumors, 6.4 to 16 mm in size, located at or behind the equator of the eye.

    0
    0
  • Group IV (unfavorable for maintenance of sight): multiple tumors, some larger than 16 mm in size, or any tumor extending in front of the outer rim of the retina (ora serrata).

    0
    0
  • Group V (very unfavorable for maintenance of sight): large tumors involving more than half of the retina, or vitreous seeding, in which small pieces of tumor are broken off and floating around the inside of the eye.

    0
    0
  • In order for the tumors to be considered multifocal, they must have arisen independently and not as the result of the spread of cancer cells.

    0
    0
  • The treatment chosen depends on the size and number of tumors, whether the cancer is unilateral or bilateral, and whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

    0
    0
  • Radiation therapy is often used for treatment of large tumors when preservation of sight is possible.

    0
    0
  • Photocoagulation therapy is often used in conjunction with radiation therapy but may be used alone to treat small tumors that are located on the back of the eye.

    0
    0
  • Cryotherapy is a treatment often used in conjunction with radiation therapy but can also be used alone on small tumors located on the front part of the retina.

    0
    0
  • It is generally used for tumors of medium size.

    0
    0
  • Intravenous treatment with one or more drugs (chemotherapy) is often used for treatment of both large and small tumors.

    0
    0
  • Chemotherapy is sometimes used to shrink tumors prior to other treatments such as radiation therapy or brachytherapy.

    0
    0
  • Occasionally, it is also used alone to treat very small tumors.

    0
    0
  • Smaller, more localized tumors can sometimes be treated by local therapies such as cryotherapy, photocoagulation therapy, thermotherapy or brachytherapy.

    0
    0
  • Some centers may use chemotherapy in place of radiation therapy when the tumors are too large to be treated by local therapies or are found over the optic nerve of the eye.

    0
    0
  • As of the early 2000s, many centers are moving away from radiation treatment and toward chemotherapy because it is less likely to induce future tumors.

    0
    0
  • Most of the secondary cancers are skin cancers, bone tumors (osteosarcomas), and soft-tissue sarcomas.

    0
    0
  • Soft-tissue sarcomas are malignant tumors of the muscle, nerves, joints, blood vessels, deep skin tissues, or fat.

    0
    0
  • It may be advisable for patients with bilateral retinoblastoma or an inherited form of retinoblastoma to undergo periodic screening for the brain tumors found in trilateral retinoblastoma.

    0
    0
  • There are no specific screening protocols designed to detect non-ocular tumors.

    0
    0
  • If desired, prenatal detection of tumors using ultrasound may also be performed.

    0
    0
  • V. "Pediatric tumors of the eye and orbit."

    0
    0
  • CT scans of the pelvic area are used to image ovarian cysts and tumors, bladder abnormalities, urinary tract stones, kidney disease, and bone disease.

    0
    0
  • Ultrasonography is often used to diagnose fetal abnormalities, gallstones, heart defects, and tumors.

    0
    0
  • Causes of fasting hypoglycemia in children without diabetes may include insulin-producing tumors, certain hormonal deficiencies, medications (including sulfa drugs and large doses of aspirin), and critical illnesses.

    0
    0
  • Neuromas-Usually benign tumors affecting nerve tissue.

    0
    0
  • Sarcoidosis-A chronic disease that causes the formation of granulomas, masses resembling small tumors composed of clumps of immune cells, in any organ or tissue.

    0
    0
  • Radiation therapy, which involves the use of x rays or other high-energy rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors, may be used in some cases to reduce the discomfort and pain due to an enlarged spleen.

    0
    0
  • The most frequent causes of large-bowel obstruction are tumors, volvulus, or small pouches that form on the intestinal wall (diverticula) that can fill with waste and expand to block the intestines.

    0
    0
  • If the obstruction is caused by tumors, polyps, or scar tissue, they will be surgically removed.

    0
    0
  • Surgery to remove tumors or polyps in the intestines helps prevent recurrences, although adhesions can form after surgery, which can be another cause of obstruction.

    0
    0
  • In a few cases the doctor may order an MRI to rule out tumors affecting the hypothalamus or pituitary gland.

    0
    0
  • Ultrasonography is often used to diagnose fetal abnormalities, gallstones, heart defects, and tumors.

    0
    0
  • Malignant tumors, most commonly non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or cancers of the gall bladder and liver.

    0
    0
  • Ultrasonography is often used to diagnose fetal abnormalities, gallstones, heart defects, and tumors.

    0
    0
  • Less commonly, it may be caused by other types of brain tumors, central nervous system disorders, or adrenal gland problems.

    0
    0
  • Bone x rays can reveal bone age, and pelvic ultrasound may show an enlarged uterus and rule out ovarian or adrenal tumors.

    0
    0
  • MRI or CAT scans should be considered to rule out intracranial tumors.

    0
    0
  • Functioning tumors may cause overproduction of sex hormones.

    0
    0
  • Ultrasonography is often used to diagnose fetal abnormalities, gallstones, heart defects, and tumors.

    0
    0
  • As these tumors grow, they may press on nearby structures within the brain, causing headaches and changes in vision.

    0
    0
  • Certain tumors in the pancreas, lungs, adrenal glands, thyroid, and intestine can produce GHRH, which in turn triggers production of an abnormal quantity of GH.

    0
    0
  • These tumors can secrete hormones or cause changes in hormone production in nearby glands.

    0
    0
  • In women with certain health problems, however, oral contraceptives may cause problems such as liver cancer, noncancerous liver tumors, blood clots, or stroke.

    0
    0
  • Benign (non-cancerous) growths or tumors called hamartomas form in various parts of the body, disrupting their normal function.

    0
    0
  • In some cases the doctor may order imaging studies or refer the person to a neurologist to rule out brain tumors, traumatic injuries of the nervous system, epilepsy, or similar physical conditions.

    0
    0
  • "Urticaria, Drug Hypersensitivity Rashes, Nodules and Tumors, and Atrophic Diseases."

    0
    0
  • In infants and children, the AFP test is used to detect liver disease, certain cancerous tumors, and to monitor the progress of cancer treatment.

    0
    0
  • Alpha-fetoprotein is a substance produced by the liver of a fetus, by tumors of the liver, by testes and ovaries, and by certain other diseases of the liver.

    0
    0
  • It may reappear in liver disease, or tumors of the liver, ovaries, or testicles.

    0
    0
  • An AFP level greater than 20 ng/mL may be associated with tumors of the ovary or testes.

    0
    0
  • If there is no history of a recent infection, the doctor will order tests such as a commuted topography (CT) scan or a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan to help rule out other possible causes of vertigo, such as tumors.

    0
    0
  • Choroidal hemangioma (nonmalignant blood vessel tumors in the eye): Noncancerous tumors can grow within the eye on the choroid blood vessel, the vessel that nourishes the eye.

    0
    0
  • Since nystagmus can be caused by tumors, stroke, and trauma or neurological disorder, any type of nystagmus must be evaluated by a qualified practitioner.

    0
    0
  • Ultrasonography is often used to diagnose fetal abnormalities, gallstones, heart defects, and tumors.

    0
    0
  • Fever, infection, surgery, and benign or malignant tumors increase the amount of nutrients that hospitalized patients need.

    0
    0
  • This condition can develop from injury to the bones of the neck or because of infection, inflammation, or tumors of the soft tissue of the head and neck.

    0
    0
  • A computed tomography (CT) scan and/or a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is done to check for abnormalities in the soft tissue, such as tumors.

    0
    0
  • Ultrasonography is often used to diagnose fetal abnormalities, gallstones, heart defects, and tumors.

    0
    0
  • Appendicitis can also be caused by foreign bodies (e.g., intrauterine device or something swallowed), traumatic abdominal injury, or tumors.

    0
    0
  • Ultrasonography is often used to diagnose fetal abnormalities, gallstones, heart defects, and tumors.

    0
    0
  • Uncontrolled high blood pressure, liver disease, leukemia, and tumors of the nasal passages and the brain can also cause the nose to bleed.

    0
    0
  • When both copies are defective, tumor suppression fails and tumors develop.

    0
    0
  • Tumors of the pancreas, known as gastrinomas, are also common in MEN 1.

    0
    0
  • Excessive secretion of gastrin (a hormone secreted into the stomach to aid in digestion) by these tumors can cause upper gastrointestinal ulcers.

    0
    0
  • Children with MEN1 rarely develop tumors of the pancreas until they reach adulthood.

    0
    0
  • Individuals with MEN 2A have a predisposition to develop tumors of the parathyroid gland.

    0
    0
  • Individuals with MEN 2B show a variety of additional conditions: a characteristic facial appearance with swollen lips; tumors of the mucous membranes of the eye, mouth, tongue, and nasal cavity; enlarged colon; and skeletal abnormalities.

    0
    0
  • However, MEN 2A shows no distinct physical features and must be identified by measuring hormone levels or by finding endocrine tumors.

    0
    0
  • Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is a rare inherited disorder marked by a low level of blood platelets, eczema, recurrent infections, and a high risk of leukemia or lymph node tumors.

    0
    0
  • About 10 percent of patients develop malignancies, usually leukemia or tumors in the lymph nodes (non-Hodgkin's lymphoma).

    0
    0
  • This condition, called hirsutism, is not itself life-threatening (though the emotional effects can be traumatic), but it can indicate more serious conditions such as tumors, cancer, or endocrine system abnormalities.

    0
    0
  • Diagnose, monitor, and treat abnormalities of the skin, hair, nails, including skin cancers, tumors, moles, acne, eczema, and contact dermatitis.

    0
    0
  • Other risks include an increased risk of a heart attack, high blood pressure, blood clots, stroke, or liver tumors.

    0
    0
  • Benign tumors - Tumors can be removed painlessly and without the need for sutures from the gums, palate, the sides of cheeks and the lips.

    0
    0
  • People with high calcium levels are at risk for kidney disease and stones, heart problems, and bone tumors.

    0
    0
  • The link seems to be in the fact that vitamin B12 assists with cell multiplication and division, which is also the mechanism by which tumors spread.

    0
    0
  • Since hCG plays an important role in the weight loss "cure" it helps to take a look at what it is--a peptide hormone produced in pregnancy and by some tumors.

    0
    0
  • Some advanced melanomas look like large, dark-colored tumors on the skin.

    0
    0
  • And some look like multiple moles or tumors, clustered in a group or a line.

    0
    0
  • Equally common on teenagers and adults, warts are actually benign skin tumors representing several different types of thickened mucous membranes.

    0
    0
  • With radiation therapy, the individual is subjected to radiation beams, which help to kill cancerous cells and make tumors smaller.

    0
    0
  • These common ailments are technically benign tumors that are harmless.

    0
    0
Browse other sentences examples →