The cleavage of the ovum follows two types, both seen in Tubularia (Brauer ).
- Diagram of Tubularia entiated into nutritive and indivisa.
H, With spadix branched (Cordy- B, Type of Tubularia.
In Tubularia by a process of decapitation the hydranths may separate off and give rise to a separate individual, while the remainder of the body grows a new hydranth.
- Free Actinula rhiza from which a polyp appears to be of Tubularia.
The evidence against this view may be classed under two heads: first, comparative evidence; hydroids very different in their structural characters and widely separate in the systematic classification of these organisms may produce medusae very similar, at least so far as the essential features of medusan organization are concerned; on the other hydroids closely allied, perhaps almost indistinguishable, may produce gonophores in the one case, medusae in the other; for example, Hydractinia (gonophores) and Podocoryne (medusae), Tubularia (gonophores) and Ectopleura (medusae), Coryne (gonophores) and Syncoryne (medusae),-and so on.
Nemopsidae, for the floating polyp Nemopsis, very similar to Tubularia in character; the medusa, on the other hand, is very similar to Hippocrene (Margelidae).
Genera: (a) Fixata: Isis, Gorgonia, Alcyonium, Spongia, Flustra, Tubularia, Corallina, Sertularia, Vorticella.
In Tubularia, on the other hand, the parenchymula develops into an actinula within the maternal tissues, and is then set free, creeps about for a time, and after fixing itself, changes into a polyp; hence in this case the planula-stage, as a free larva, is entirely suppressed.
3) and Tubularia (fig.
A very similar condition is seen in Tubularia (fig.
by tangential division of the cells of the blastoderm, as in Geryonia, or by a mixture of immigration and delamination, as in Hydra, Tubularia, &c. The blastopore is formed as a secondary perforation at one spot, in free-swimming forms at the hinder pole.
The actinula stage is usually suppressed or not set free, but it is seen in Tubularia (fig.
(a) Tentacles filiform, simple, radially arranged or scattered irregularly; type of Tubularia (fig.
" Uber die Entstehung der Geschlechtsprodukte and die Entwickelung von Tubularia mesembryanthemum Allm.," t.c. pp. 551-579, pls.
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