You received my latest transmission of the cities that are beyond repair?
Thus he approximates to the wave theory of light, though he supposed that the transmission of light was instantaneous.
The application of this apparatus to the transmission of music was described by Gray.'
If they had not, lengthy epics would never have survived oral transmission for centuries.
The number of state telegraph offices was 4603, of other offices (railway and tramway stations, which accept private telegrams for transmission) 1930.
As the power station at Poldhu was then fully occupied with the business of long distance transmission to ships, the Marconi Company began to erect another large power station to Marconi's designs at Clifden in Connemara on the west coast of Ireland.
So if its person-to-person transmission can be interrupted, it truly can be eradicated from the planet.
The cases so presented are interchanged by transmission to the opposite party.
Sir William Abney has found that the above law agrees remarkably well with his observations on the transmission of light through water in which particles of mastic are suspended (Prot.
In the second case, however, there are all the losses due to transmission from the central station to the train to be considered, as well as the cost of the transmitting apparatus itself.
If a coil of insulated wire is suspended so that it is in stable equilibrium when its plane is parallel to the direction of a magnetic field, the transmission of a known electric current through the coil will cause it to be deflected through an angle which is a function of the field intensity.
At least four species of fleas (including Pulex irritans) which infest the common rat are known to bite man, and are believed to be the active agents in the transmission of plague from rats to human beings.
Normally a switch attached to the key cuts the battery off, and connects the line direct through the receiving relay; this switch is turned to " send " when transmission commences, and is moved back to " receive " when it ceases: this movement is done quite mechanically by the telegraphist, and as it is practically never forgotten, automatic devices (which have often been suggested) to effect the turning are wholly unnecessary.
When one of a series of keys (each corresponding to a letter) arranged round a pointer is depressed, the motion of the pointer, which is geared to the shuttle armature, is arrested on coming opposite that particular key, and the transmission of the currents to line is stopped, though the armature itself can continue to rotate.
The heavier cores, with the consequent advance in speed of working attainable, have necessitated the introduction of automatic sending, the instruments adopted being in general a modification of the Wheatstone transmitter adapted to the form of cable signals, while the regularity of transmission thus secured has caused its introduction even on circuits where the speed cannot exceed that of the ordinary operator's hand signalling.
On the 26th of August 1854 there appeared in L'Illustration (Paris) an interesting article by Charles Bourseul on the electric transmission of speech.
TiP¦e, far, and ypacecv, to write), the name given to an apparatus for the transmission of intelligence to a distance.
Physical action is, therefore, impression, or transmission of force in lines, and must accordingly be explained geometrically.
A transfer duty of 5% on the estimated value of emiriye is paid on transmission by sale, inheritance or donation, of 22% on the amount of the debt in case of mortgage or release from mortgage, and of 10% on expenses.
The instrument consists of two cams, the form of which regulates the components of the curbed signal, one cam being for the dot element and the other for the dash element, which by their sequence give the letter signals; these cams, by means of clutches controlled by the relay, are mechanically rotated by clockwork, the speed of rotation being approximately adjusted to the rate of transmission of a single element, so that the requisite number of consecutive elements is transmitted corresponding to the duration of contact of the relay arm with the side controlling that particular element.
The conduction of such stimulation to parts removed some distance from the sense organ suggests paths of transmission comparable to those which transmit nervous impulses in animals.
Louis receives 70,000 H.P. by a Iio,000-volt transmission line from the Keokuk dam in the Mississippi at Keokuk, Ia.
They have differed widely in the origin of the noble class and in the amount of privilege implied in membership of it; but they all agree in the transmission of some privilege or other to all the descendants, or to all the male descendants, of the first noble.
Duplex telegraphy consists in the simultaneous transmission of two messages, one in each direction, over the same wire.
By this method of transmission the battery is always to the line for the same interval of time, and alternately with opposite poles, so that the effect of electrostatic induction is reduced to a minimum.
After an interval the polarization begins to be incomplete in the perpendicular direction, the light which reaches the eye when the nicol is set to minimum transmission being of a beautiful blue, much richer than anything that can be seen in the earlier stages.
Article 12 provided for the transmission free of cost in Italy of all papal telegrams and correspondence both with bishops and foreign governments, and sanctioned the establishment, at the expense of the Italian state, of a papal telegraph office served b~ papal officials in communication with the Italian postal and telegraph system.
There is consequently a transmission of the stimulus from the sensitive organ to a kind of motor mechanism situated some little way off.
If the total resistance against which the train is maintained in motion with an instantaneous velocity of V feet per second is R, the rate at which energy is expended in moving the train is represented by the product RV, and this must be the rate at which energy is supplied to the train after deducting all losses due to transmission from the source of power.
It resembles Juncaceae in the general plan of the flower, which, however, has become much more elaborate and varied in the form and colour of its perianth in association with transmission of pollen by insect agency; a link between the two orders is found in the group of Australian genera referred to above under Asphodeloideae.
Many circuits have been " loaded " in the manner proposed by Pupin during recent years, especially in underground cables, and it has been found in practice that the transmission value of these when loaded is approximately from three to four times their value unloaded.
This wood is in great part already dead substance, but the mycelium gradually invades the vessels occupied with the transmission of water up the trunk, cuts off the current, and so kills the tree; in other cases such Fungi attack the roots, and so induce rot and starvation of oxygen, resulting in fouling.
It proposes to set forth the genesis of the existing universe from principles which can be plainly Lh understood, and according to the acknowledged laws of the transmission of movement.
The defects of Descartes lie rather in his apparently imperfect apprehension of the principle of movements uniformly accelerated which his contemporary Galileo had illustrated and insisted upon, and in the indistinctness which attaches to his views of the transmission of motion in cases of impact.
There is no evidence, however, that the method proposed could or did effect the transmission of speech or signals between stations separated by any distance.
The electric transmission of energy can be performed with an efficiency not reached by any other method, and the electric motor readily adapts itself to cranes.
By some writers the word " mutation " is applied only to large and suddenly appearing variations which are found to be capable of hereditary transmission, whilst the term " fluctuation " is applied to small variations whether capable of transmission or not.
The reforms which it was to bring about were eagerly and impatiently demanded by the public. This great operation had to be effected without interrupting the public service, and the department had immediately to reduce and to simplify the charges for transmission throughout the kingdom.
The presence of these threads between all the cells of tfie plant shows that the plant body must be regarded as a connected whole; the threads themselves probably play an important part in the growth of the cell-wall, the conduction of food and water, the process of secretion and the transmission of impulses.
The area of biological knowledge which Darwin was the first to subject to scientific method and to render, as it were, contributory to the great stream formed by the union of the various branches, is that which relates to the breeding of animals and plants, their congenital variations, and the transmission and perpetuation of those variations.
The adherence to type, the favourite conception of the transcendental morphologist, was seen to be nothing more than the expression of one of the laws of thremmatology, the persistence of hereditary transmission of ancestral characters, even when they have ceased to be significant or valuable in the struggle for existence, whilst the so-called evidences of design which was supposed to modify the limitations of types assigned to Himself by the Creator were seen to be adaptations due to the selection and intensification by selective breeding of fortuitous congenital variations, which happened to prove more useful than the many thousand other variations which did not survive in the struggle for existence.
Quadruplex telegraphy consists in the simultaneous transmission of two messages from each end of the line.
The only new problem introduced is the simultaneous transmission of two messages in the same direction; this is sometimes ruplex called " diplex transmission."
Owing to the very rapid movement and the consequent increased rate of transmission of heat, the pipes and radiators may be reduced in size, in many circumstances a very desirable thing to achieve.
It was found impossible to make the Morse ink writer so sensitive that it could record signals sent over land lines of several hundred miles in length, if the speed of transmission was very much faster than that which could be effected by hand, and this led to the adoption of automatic methods of transmission.
But side by side with this literary transmission Berthelot insists that there was another mode of transmission, by means of the knowledge of practical receipts and processes traditional among jewellers, painters, workers in glass and pottery, and other handicraftsmen.
These vacuums each feature a smooth shifting transmission, and Kirby's proprietary "Micron Magic Filtration".
Additionally, all the G models (from the Kirby G-Four to the Kirby G-Six) have a tech transmission that allows you to push the vacuum using a single finger.
The mixer's motor includes a rugged, metal gear transmission for no slipping and superior high-torque mixing results.
The mixer in this series are powerful and have a direct drive transmission and a bowl-lift design.
Diamonds have many industrial uses, such as virtually indestructible coatings for artificial joints, extremely efficient computer chips, high speed transmission communication cables, and more.
He also assisted leading doctor Louis Serre in trying to halt transmission of the plague.
Preventing the transmission of herpes to children can be difficult, simply due to the large number of people infected with the virus.
Job seekers can choose to submit this information by e-mail, regular mail or facsimile transmission.
The company accepts resumes for internships by e-mail, regular mail and facsimile transmission.
Calcium also plays a key role in contraction and expansion of blood vessels, muscle contraction, and nerve transmission.
When the helo circled the rocks, she began to suspect they'd picked up her transmission.
Cranes driven by shafting, or by mechanical power, have been largely superseded by electric cranes, principally on account of the much greater economy of transmission.
18 a bells was such that not more than two or three persons could be connected without seriously impairing the efficiency of the circuit for speech transmission.
Darwin's great merit was that he excluded from his theory of development any necessary assumption of the transmission of acquired characters.
The new attitude which has been taken since Darwin's writings on this question is to ask for evidence of the asserted transmission of acquired characters.
It is held 1 that the Darwinian doctrine of selection of fortuitous congenital variations is sufficient to account for all cases, that the Lamarckian hypothesis of transmission cf acquired characters is not supported by experimental evidence, and that the latter should therefore be dismissed.
No case of the transmission of the results of an injury can be produced.
Whilst simple evidence of the fact of the transmission of an acquired character is wanting, the a priori arguments in its favour break down one after another when discussed.
consequent disuse, and the transmission (as Lamarck would have supposed) of a more and more weakened and structurally impaired eye to the offspring in successive generations, until the eye finally disappeared.
It has been argued that the elaborate structural adaptations of the nervous system which are the corporeal correlatives of Theory complicated instincts must have been slowly built up by the transmission to offspring of acquired ex perience, that is to say, of acquired brain structure.
At first sight it appears difficult to understand how g PP the complicated series of actions which are definitely exhibited as so-called " instincts " by a variety of animals can have been due to the selection of congenital variations, or can be otherwise explained than by the transmission of habits acquired by the parent as the result of experience, and continuously elaborated and added to in successive generations.
It is, however, to be noted, in the first place, that the imitation of the parent by the young possibly accounts for some part of these complicated actions, and, secondly, that there are cases in which curiously elaborate actions are performed by animals as a characteristic of the species, and as subserving the general advantage of the race or species, which, nevertheless, can not be explained as resulting from the transmission of acquired experience, and must be supposed to be due to the natural selection of a fortuitously developed habit which, like fortuitous.
Instincts, or the inherited structural mechanisms. of the nervous centres, are in antagonism to the results of the reasoning process, which are not capable of hereditary transmission.
Six species of tick, including the blue tick common throughout South Africa, are found, especially in the low veld, where they are the means of the transmission of disease to cattle.
Both appear to have been delayed in transmission, for the former only reached the crown prince's quarters at 2 a.m.
For some of these, as redwater (pyrosoma), antidotes are already found; for others, as for Texas fever - of which the parasite is unknown, but the mode of its transmission, by the mosquito, discovered (Finlay-Reed) - preventive measures are reducing the prevalence.
The direct influence of Roman law was not great during the Saxon period: we notice neither the transmission of important legal doctrines, chiefly through the medium of Visigothic codes, nor the continuous stream of Roman tradition in local usage.
The transmission of early Arabic poetry has been very imperfect.
At the same time the 1 On the subject of transmission cf.
four series of "Researches on Heat," in the course of which he described the polarization of heat by tourmaline, by transmission through a bundle of thin mica plates inclined to the transmitted ray, and by reflection from the multiplied surfaces of a pile of mica plates placed at the polarizing angle, and also its circular polarization by two internal reflections in rhombs of rock-salt.
No charge is made for the transmission of newspapers within the republic. The letter rate is 5 cents silver for 15 grams, or 10 cents to foreign countries in the postal union.
But while every one appreciates the magnitude of the relief that would thus be afforded, there has as yet been little substantial progress A language which has been adapted from its infancy to ideographi transmission cannot easily be fitted to phonetic uses.
Spencer welcomed the Darwinian theory, and enriched it with the phrase" survival of the fittest "; but he did not give up the (Lamarckian) belief in the hereditary transmission of the modifications of organisms by the exercise of function.
On the other hand, he advances too easily from the maxim that function is prior to, and makes, structure to the conclusion that the results of use and disuse are therefore immediately incarnated in structural adaptations capable of hereditary transmission.
With the object of providing for the transmission of divine and human knowledge to later ages, and of securing it against the tide of barbarism which threatened to sweep it away, he founded two monasteries - Vivarium and Castellum - in his ancestral domains at Squillace (others identify the two monasteries).
On the other hand, the progressive reduction of mining and metallurgical costs effected by improved transportation and machinery, and the use of high explosives, compressed air, electric-power transmission, &c., resulted in California (as elsewhere) in a notable revival of deep mining.
Here, then, is direct evidence that the Aegean peoples of the Mycenaean Age knew how to write, and it is no longer necessary to assume that the verses of the Iliad were dependent on mere verbal transmission for any such period 'as has been supposed.
The transmission spindle, just mentioned, carries at its end a head, 74, which, if turned directly, gives the second speed.
For the book is a revelation made by God to Jesus Christ, who through His angel made it known to John for transmission to the churches.
The visions are not for John's personal benefit, but for transmission to the church at large, i.
It is convenient to distinguish between absorption and transmission dynamometers.
The essential part of many transmission dynamometers is a spring whose deformation indirectly measures the magnitude of the force transmitted through it.
In the Ayrton and Perry transmission dynamometer or spring coupling of this type, FIG.
should be received at the duke's outposts by General DOrnberg, for transmission to the duke.
Owing to the sparse population and difficulties of communication in a great part of the dominion, the inquiry, though referred to a single date, is not completed on that day, a month being allowed to the enumerator for the collection of his returns and their revision and transmission to the central office.
To this army must be added the controlling agency, of at least a tenth of the above number, charged with the instruction of their subordinates, the inspection and correction of the preliminary record, and the transmission of the schedule books to the local centre after the census has been taken.
On one side indeed there was the record, underlying the Synoptists, of at least two eye-witnesses, and the necessity of its preservation and transmission; but on the other side a profound double change had come over the Christian outlook and requirements.
We may easily realise its transmission through a solid by putting the ear against a table and scratching the wood at some distance, and through a liquid by keeping both ears under water in a bath and tapping the side of the bath.
In ordinary sound-waves the effect of the particle velocity in affecting the velocity of transmission must be very small.
Mag., 1879, 7, p. 219) investigated the transmission of a report from a cannon in different directions; he found that it rose to a maximum of 1267 ft./sec. at 70, to 90 ft.
The reason of this is, that the segments of the plate AOD, BOC always vibrate in the same direction, but oppo sitely to the segments AOB, DOC. Hence, when the pasteboard is in its place, there are two waves of same phase starting from the two former segments, and reaching the ear after equal distances of transmission through the air, are again in the same phase, and produce on the ear a conjunct impression.
road to pass between the springings and ensured the transmission of the wind stresses to the abutments without interrupting the crossbracing.
Although, however, gravitation has formed the most perfect instance of an influence completely expressible, up to the most extreme refinement of accuracy, in terms of laws of direct action across space, yet, as is well known, the author of this ideally simple and perfect theory held the view that it is not possible to conceive of direct mechanical action independent of means of transmission.
The wider view, according to which the hypothesis of direct transmission of physical influences expresses only part of the facts, is that all space is filled with physical activity, and that while an influence is passing across from a body, A, to another body, B, there is some dynamical process in action in the intervening region, though it appears to the senses to be mere empty space.
Returning now to the aether, on our present point of view no such complications there arise; it must be regarded as a continuous uniform medium free from any complexities of atomic aggregation, whose function is confined to the transmission of the various types of physical effect between the portions of matter.
This raises the further question as to whether the transmission of gravitation can be definitely recognized among the properties of an ultimate medium; if so, we know that it must be associated with some feature, perhaps very deep-seated, or on the other hand perhaps depending simply on incompressibility, which is not sensibly implicated in the electric and optical activities.
Their object was not to create a new text, but rather to ensure the accurate transmission of the traditional text which they themselves had received.
instance to detect the errors which have crept into the text in the course of its transmission, and to recover, so far as possible, the text in its original form; this is the task of Textual, or as it is sometimes called in contradistinction to another branch, Lower Criticism.
Apart from these changes in the history of the text, it has, like all ancient texts, suffered from accidents of transmission, from the unintentional mistakes of copyists.
The phenomena which are sometimes supposed to require the hypothesis of an Ur-Marcus are more simply and satisfactorily explained as incidents in the transmission of the Marcan text.
Prof. Burkitt's Gospel History and its Transmission appeared in 1906.
Probably measures tend to increase and weights to decrease in transmission from time to time or place to place.
Each lower stage of being is united with the " One " by all the higher,stages, and receives its share of reality only by transmission through them.
As the light is twice refracted, the dispersion is increased, and the rays, after transmission through the prism, form a divergent system, which may be allowed to fall on a sheet of white paper, forming the wellknown solar spectrum.
The transmission of the parasites from one vertebrate individual to another is effected, in the great majority of cases,' by a blood-sucking invertebrate, and by this means alone.
This direct mode of transmission is most likely a secondary acquirement.
Nothing definite is yet known with regard to the transmission of the parasites by an alternate invertebrate host, although there is presumptive evidence in favour of this supposition.2 A word or two must be said in conclusion with reference to the supposed connexion of the Spirochaetae with the n Trypanosomes.
(1904), 57, p. 165; (5a) idem," On the mode of transmission and development of Trypanosomes and Trypanoplasms in leeches," C. r.
The great velocity of electrical transmission suggested the possibility of utilizing it for sending messages; and, after many experiments and the practical advice and business-like co-operation of William Fothergill Cooke (1806-1879), a patent for an electric telegraph was taken out in their joint names in 1837.
In acoustics his principal work was a research on the transmission of sound through solids, the explanation of Chladni's figures of vibrating solids, various investigations of the principles of acoustics and the mechanism of hearing, and the invention of new musical instruments, e.g.
The source of a transmitted reading may undoubtedly be the author's autograph: but if not, then it is some MS. in the line of transmission.
M N Intermixture may take place to any extent, and the more of it there has been the more difficult does it become to trace the transmission of a text.
But it will be the most ancient one according to the direct line of transmission, and the purest in the sense of being the freest from traceable errors of copying and unauthorized improvements.
The textual critic has occasionally to deal with the effects of oral transmission.
We shall speak first of those which affect the direct transmission of texts.
Secondly, since different scribes are prone to different kinds of error, we must ever bear in mind the particular failings of the scribes responsible for the transmission of our text as these failings are revealed in the apparatus criticus.
At certain epochs in the transmission of literature systematic efforts have been made to improve the transmitted texts, and these efforts have naturally been accompanied by a good deal of emendation both successful and unsuccessful.
C. Burkitt, The Gospel History and its Transmission (1906); G.
Cuenot, in order to explain certain features in the hereditary transmission of coat colour in mice, postulated the hypothesis that the grey colour of the wild mouse (which is known to be a compound of black, chocolate and yellow pigments) may be due either to the interaction of a single ferment and three chromogens, or vice versa, to one chromogenic substance and three ferments.
The seeds should be kept in sacks or bags in a dry place, and if from plants which are rare, or liable to lose their vitality, they are advantageously packed for transmission to a distance in hermetically sealed bottles or jars filled with earth or moss, without the addition of moisture.
As regards their geographical distribution, fungi, like flowering plants, have no doubt their centres of origin and of dispersal; but we must not forget that every exchange of wood, wheat, fruits, plants, animals, or other commodities involves transmission of fungi from one country to another; while the migrations of birds and other animals, currents of air and water, and so forth, are particularly efficacious in transmitting these minute organisms. Against this, of course, it may be argued that parasitic forms can only go where their hosts grow, as is proved to be the case by records concerning the introduction of Puccinia malvacearum, Peronospora viticola, Hemileia vastatrix, &c. Some fungi - e.g.
After one or two harmonious interviews, the king advanced a claim for the payment of the quit rents for Anamabo fort and Cape Coast castle, rents the major part of which the Fanti had induced the British to pay to them, leaving only a nominal sum for transmission to Kumasi.
The subject of hydraulic transmission of power is treated generally under Power Transmission (Hydraulic), and the present article is confined to water motors.
to Lausanne, the loss being estimated not to exceed 10% in the long transmission.
p. 537, " A 12-Mile Transmission of Power Generated by Pelton Wheels "; vol.
P. 494, " The Rheinfelden Power Transmission Plant "; vol.
- Conduction of heat implies transmission by contact from one body to another or between contiguous particles of the same body, but does not include transference of heat by the motion of masses or streams of matter from one place to another.
Although it is seldom explicitly stated as an experimental law, it should really be regarded in this light, and may be briefly worded as follows: "The rate of transmission of heat by conduction is proportional to the temperature gradient."
The " rate of transmission of heat " is here understood to mean the quantity of heat transferred in unit time through unit area of cross-section of the substance, the unit area being taken perpendicular to the lines of flow.
The thermal conductivity of the substance is the constant ratio of the rate of transmission to the temperature gradient.
The rate of transmission of heat is Q/AT, and the temperature gradient, supposed uniform, is (B' - B') /x, so that the law of conduction leads at once to the equation Q/AT = k (e' - 0"(/x = kdO/dx.
If the flow is steady, and the temperature of each point of the body invariable, the rate of transmission must be everywhere the same.
The areas of successive surfaces vary as their radii, hence the rate of transmission Q/AT varies inversely as the radius r, and is Q/2lrrlT, if 1 is the length of the cylinder, and Q the total heat, calculated from the condensation of steam observed in a time T.
In any case, it is evident that the transmission of heat by percolation would be much greater in porous soils and in the upper layers of the earth's crust than in the lower strata or in solid rocks.
In 1876 he exhibited an apparatus embodying the results of his studies in the transmission of sound by electricity, and this invention, with improvements and modifications, constitutes the modern commercial telephone.
But when neurons are linked together it is found that nerve impulses will only pass from neuron A to neuron B, and not from neuron B to neuron A; that is, the transmission of the excited state or nervous impulse, although possible in each neuron both up and down its own cell branches, is possible from one nerve cell to another in one direction only.
Weismann, however, from theoretical considerations and from analysis of supposed cases has at the least thrown doubt on the transmission of acquired characters.
The most noted instance of military interference was in 1894, when President Grover Cleveland sent United States troops to Chicago to prevent strikers and rioters from interfering with the transmission of the United States mails.
The present system merely leads to the transmission of the sterile art of passing examinations.
The neck is long and curved, and its vertebrae are remarkable for the position of the canal for the transmission of the vertebral artery, which does not perforate the transverse process, but passes obliquely through the anterior part of the pedicle of the arch.
With this it is natural to connect the transmission and presence in the Old Testament of specifically Kenite tradition, of the " southern " stories in Genesis, and of the stories of Levi.
This ratio will become more equal for larger sizes on account of the additional thickness of larger object-glasses and the consequent additional absorption of light in transmission.
government would "not recognize as valid or effectual" any conveyance, transfer or transmission of any property made by the government of the Transvaal republic or Orange Free State subsequently to the 10th of October 1899, the date of the commencement of the war.
The transmission is not by imitation, but by propagation.
Owing to an error in the transmission of an order the Alpine troops who were holding the positions of Cima Undici and Cima Dodici retired before the Austrians attacked, and uncovered the flank of the division, while on the same day (May 25) the attacking forces succeeded in occupying the important position of Corno di Campo Verde (6,815 ft.).
Bacon's form has already in transmission through Hobbes been transmuted into cause as antecedent in the time series.
Crawford Burkitt, The Gospel History and its Transmission (1906) .
Such a mistake was far more likely to arise in oral transmission of the speech, before it reached Luke at all.
The motion and force are transmitted from the prime mover through the train of mechanism to the working pIece or pieces, and during that transmission the motion and force are modified in amount and direction, so as to be rendered suitable for the purpose to which they are to be applied.
General Principle.A mass of fluid is used in mechanism to transmit motion and force between two or more movable portions (called pistons or plungers) of the solid envelope or vessel in which the fluid is contained; and, when such transmission is the sole action, or the only appreciable action of the fluid mass, its volume is either absolutely constant, by reason of its temperature and pressure being maintained cisrnstant, or not sensibly varied.
Now, without counting the Homeric poems - which doubtless had exceptional advantages in their fame and popularity - we find a body of literature dating from the 8th century B.C. to which the theory of oral transmission is surely inapplicable.
Moreover it is one thing to recognize that a literature is essentially oral in its form, characteristic of an age which was one of hearing rather than of reading, and quite another to hold that the same literature was preserved entirely by oral transmission.
threshold of the textual criticism of Homer and accordingly enters into a full discussion, first of the external evidence, then of the indications furnished by the poems. Having satisfied himself that writing was unknown to Homer, he is led to consider the real mode of transmission, and finds this in the Rhapsodists, of whom the Homeridae were an hereditary school.
Tribute, however, was paid by subject communities as a whole, and was collected by them for transmission to the conquerors.
The general principles of electrical engineering will be found in Electricity Supply, and further details respecting the generation and use of electrical power are given in such articles as Dynamo; Motors, Electric; Transformers; Accumulator; Power Transmission: Electric; Traction; Lighting: Electric; Electrochemistry and Electrometallurgy.
Henceforth the electric transmission of power came within the possibilities of engineering.
- Following on the discovery in 1873 of the reversible action of the dynamo and its use as a motor, efforts began to be made to apply this knowledge to transmission of power, and S.
In 1902 the success of deep tube electric railways in Great Britain was assured, and in 1904 main line railways began to abandon, at least experimentally, the steam locomotive and substitute for it the electric transmission of power.
Long distance electrical transmission had been before that time exemplified in the great scheme of utilizing the falls of Niagara.
Marconi applied a modified and improved form of Branly's wave detector in conjunction with a novel form of radiator for the telegraphic transmission of intelligence through space without wires, and he and others developed this new form of telegraphy with the greatest rapidity and success into a startling and most useful means of communicating through space electrically without connecting wires.
Pain may be stopped by removing the cause of irritation, as, for example, by the extraction of a carious tooth or by rendering the nerveendings insensitive to irritation, as by the application of cocaine; by preventing its transmission along the spinal cord by antipyrin, phenacetin, acetanilide, cocaine, &c.; or by dulling the perceptive centre in the brain by means of opium or its alkaloids, by anaesthetics, and probably also, to a certain extent, by antipyrin and its congeners.
No details of the earlier history of Thebes have been preserved, except that it was governed by a land-holding aristocracy who safeguarded their integrity by rigid statutes about the ownership of property and its transmission.
The Stoics explained it as a transmission of the perceived quality of the object, by means of the sense organ, into the percipient's mind, the quality transmitted appearing as a disturbance_or impression upon the corporeal surface of that " thinking thing," the soul.
Special agreements have been made, also, with Argentina, Chile and Peru for the transmission of the Bolivian foreign mails.
It has naturally suffered from the corruptions incident to transmission through MSS.
Darwin died some years before the controversy upon the possibility of the hereditary transmission of acquired characters arose over the writings of Weismann, but Wallace has freely accepted the general results of the German zoologist's teaching, and in Darwinism has presented a complete theory of the causes of evolution unmixed with any trace of Lamarck's use or disuse of inheritance, or Buffon's hereditary effect of the direct influence of surroundings.
Recognizing the necessity of some one in the province with full power " to do all things that may contribute to the good and advancement of the same," they directed the appointment of the American Board of Proprietors - a body of men identified with the province, who with the deputy-governor were to look after the proprietary interests in such matters as the approval of legislation and the granting of lands, and thereby prevent the delay caused by the transmission of such matters to England for approval.
Genealogies also pass from the bald verse, which was the vehicle for oral transmission, to such elaborate tables as those in which Manetho has preserved the dynasties of Egyptian Pharaohs.
In the 19th century, however, Lamarck's theory of the development of new species by habit and circumstance led through Wallace and Darwin to the doctrines of the hereditary transmission of acquired characters, the survival of the fittest, and natural selection.
Grimaldi (1618-1663) on interference by the employment of apertures for the transmission of the light, and was thus enabled in the most conclusive manner to account for the phenomena of interference in accordance with the undulatory theory.
We may treat it as a superficial effect, especially in the case of bodies which are opaque enough or thick enough to prevent all transmission of light, and we may investigate how much is reflected at the surface and how much is absorbed; or, on the other hand, we may confine our attention to the light which enters the body and inquire into the relation between the decay of intensity and the depth of penetration.
The method consists in comparing the intensity after transmission through a layer of known thickness of the absorbent with the intensity of light from the same source which has not passed through the medium, k being thus obtained for various thicknesses and found to be constant.
A pulley carried on a rotating shaft and connected to another pulley on a second shaft by an endless band consisting of a flat belt, rope, chain or similar connector serves for the transmission of power from the one shaft to the other and is known as a driving pulley; while combinations of pulleys or "sheaves," mounted in fixed or movable frames or "blocks," constitute mechanisms used to facilitate the raising of heavy weights.
The argument, for instance, that intuitive and a priori beliefs gain their absolute character from the fact that they are the result of continued transmission and accumulation of past nervous modifications in the history of the race would, if taken seriously, lead us to the belief that ultimate ethical sanctions are to be sought, not by an appeal to the moral consciousness, but by the investigation of brain tissue and the relation of man's bodily organism to its environment.
" To do away with the risk of a Revolution," "to place order and liberty upon a firm footing," "to ensure the transmission of the crown to his son," Napoleon III.
In virtue of this method of indirect argumentation he is regarded as the inventor of "dialectic," that is to say, disputation having for its end not victory but the discovery or the transmission of truth.
But, while the possibility of the diffusion of myths by borrowing and transmission must be allowed for, the hypothesis of the origin of myths in the savage state of the intellect supplies a ready explanation of their wide diffusion.
Grouped together on the council of affairs, they managed to control the policy of the common council, with its too mixed and too independent membership. They successfully strove to separate the grandeur and superexcellence of the king from the rest of the nation; to isolate the nobility amid the seductions of a court lavish in promises of favor and high office; and to win over the bourgeoisie by the buying and selling and afterwards by the hereditary transmission of offices.
They may, however, be distinguished by the fact that on previous transmission through a quarter-wave plate this property is retained in the case of common light, while with the two other types the relative intensity of the streams depends upon the orientation of the rhomb, and with circularly polarized light one stream may be made to vanish.
Poynting, is before analysation to impress unequal rotations upon the plane of polarization of the two parts of the field, either by means of an active medium, or by oblique transmission through glass plates.
It is clear that direct transmission through the plate at a point where the thicknesses of the prisms are d 1 and d 2 will introduce a relative retardation of (µ,; -, u o) (d l - d2) between streams polarized in planes parallel and perpendicular to the edges of the prisms,, u o, and being the ordinary and the extraordinary refractive indices; and it is hence possible by an adjustment of the thickness to reduce elliptically polarized to plane polarization at an assigned point marked off by two parallel lines.
- Ray transmission in compound microscope with a positive ocular.
- Entocentric transmission through a microscope objective.
entrance pupil lies behind the focal plane, and consequently nearer objects appear larger, and farther objects smaller (" entocentric transmission," see below).
13 and 14, so that its image, the entrance pupil, lies at infinity, all the principal rays in the object-space are parallel to the axis, and we have on the object-side " telecentric " transmission.
To ensure the telecentric transmission, the diaphragm in the back focus of the objective may be replaced by a diaphragm in the front focal plane of the condenser, supposing that uniformly illuminated objects are being dealt with; for in this case all the principal rays in the object-space are transmitted parallel to the axis.
- Hypercentric transmission in a microscope objective.
the intersection of the principal rays lies in front of the object, and consequently objects in front of the plane focused for will be projected on E magnified and the objects lying behind it diminished (" hypercentric " transmission).
As objects lying near us appear smaller in the case of hypercentric transmission than those lying farther from us, we receive a false impression of the spatial arrangement of the object.
in the object-space the objective has telecentric transmission, the exit pupil must coincide with the back focal plane of the combined system, and it always lies behind the image-side focus of the eyepiece.
We can now understand the ray transmission in the compound microscope, shown in fig.
In entocentric transmission this phenomenon appears in general as in the case of the contemplation of perspective representations at a too short distance, the objects appearing flattened.
In telecentric and hypercentric transmission we obtain a false conception of the spatial arrangement of the objects or their details; in these cases one focusses by turns on the different details, and so obtains an approximate idea of their spatial arrangement.
But since no rays are lost in this transmission (apart from the slight loss due to reflection) the brightness of the image point in the water is as large as that in air, although the apertures have become less.
Abbe, through the so-called delicate ray transmission, suggested a way by which the quality of the images of objectives can be observed.
The ray transmission, shown in fig.
The lower figure shows the plan of the transmission.
Given a certain allowable heat transmission, the principal points to be considered in connexion with insulation are, first cost, durability, weight and space occupied, the two last named being specially important factors on board ship. No exact rules can be laid down, as the conditions vary so greatly; and though experiments have been made to determine the actual heat conduction of various materials per unit of surface, thickness and temperature difference, the experience of actual practice is at present the only accepted guide.
He was an accomplice, no matter how unwittingly, in the radio transmission scene that caused Fitzgerald's fury in the first place.
Choline is transformed into the brain neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which is vital to the efficient transmission of brain signals.
aetiologys caused by viruses and bacteria, including etiology, symptoms, transmission and economic significance.
The document outlines the causative agents of West Nile Virus, disease transmission, clinical signs and symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
agribusiness firms increasingly do business in global markets, the international transmission of such events is important.
expanded alleles at all of these loci are unstable, with frequent length changes during intergenerational transmission.
anticholinesterase medication In order for neuromuscular transmission to work efficiently excess acetycholine must be removed rapidly from the neuromuscular junction.
antimalarial compounds upon mosquito transmission.
antitrust regulator added that Sky Italia could not qualify for the grants because the transmission standard of its choice was not open.
aphid transmission studies using Potato virus Y helper component proteins expressed from a Potato virus X vector.
automatic 4WD transmission regulates traction on the four wheels from 0 to 100% according to grip.
Their use in a continuation setting is shown with one- and two-parameter bifurcation studies of a transmission line model.
cameral merchants and Notaries spread out from Rome, so Bills facilitated the transmission inward of funds.
Further evidence on the nature of the dependence of carrot mottle virus on carrot mottle virus on carrot red leaf virus for transmission by aphids.
Parallel experiments assessed the transmission of the light through thin sections of Japanese cedar.
chequeaux de Change, money transmission agents and check cashers are already subject to the Money Laundering Regulations.
The transmission circuitry was based on that of the Telephone No. 706.
does male circumcision have any effect on rates of HIV transmission?
collimator transmission at time of record (percentage ).
During download/upload operations files and directories are automatically compressed and split into small pieces to assure reliable transmission.
Transmission line with exposed conductor surfaces can experience oxidation and an increase in losses due to skin effect heating.
Could RSS feeds become a conduit for the transmission of computer worms?
coplanar transmission line.
Transmission line transformer using low-permeability ferrite cores gives amazingly flat response 1.8 to 30 MHz.
The new aluminum crankcase transmission holder with a plastic soundproof cover also makes a marked visual impact.
In a BBC2 transmission " Wild in Your Garden " in May 2003, Simon King advised using creosote soaked rags to repel badgers.
cutlass bearing and transmission.
His compilations have a beautiful flow like a radio transmission from planet dada.
To ensure smooth transmission of power while maintaining the desired direct power delivery feeling, the rear wheel uses iron rubber dampers.
Stimulation frequency-dependent neuromuscular junction transmission defects in patients with prior paralytic poliomyelitis.
The process of encoding information for transmission is called modulation and the subsequent information retrieval is called demodulation.
The Star Analyzer 100 is a high efficiency 100 lines/mm transmission diffraction grating, blazed in the first order.
Bandolier hopes that transmission disequilibrium tests that are free of bias due to population stratification can wait till brain cells have a good day.
Discussed is the distribution, species affected (primarily domestic fowls ), clinical signs and symptoms, transmission, and control strategies.
An understanding of mechanics of louse transmission may reveal the basis for host specificity among lice and other ectoparasites.
The image was acquired using electron holography in a field emission gun transmission electron microscope.
Featured Richard Barrett - transmission Hard-edged showpieces written for crack Australian ensemble elision read more.
Soft Tempest: Hidden Data Transmission Using electromagnetic emanations must be one of the more unexpected and newsworthy papers I've published.
Most scholars attribute these problems to errors in transmission and try to solve them through textual emendation.
emergence of vCJD with a potential risk of its transmission in blood has led to renewed efforts to reduce donor exposure.
Japanese encephalitis - rural areas only; assume year round transmission.
encrypted during transmission and kept highly confidential.
The parameters which require sensing includes endocrine, neuromuscular transmission and organ response.
Negotiable Rate Our client is a world leader in transmission line design and tower erection utilizing in house specialist erection teams.
excitatory transmission in the brain, then drugs acting at these receptors are likely to have physiological consequences.
DSVR hereby excludes all liability of any kind for the transmission or reception of information of whatever nature.
facsimile transmission shall be deemed to have been received on the day of transmission.
leaving sites fallow will reduce the risk of disease or parasite transmission.
ferroelectric material can be included into a transmission line.
field gunge was acquired using electron holography in a field emission gun transmission electron microscope.
The spatial dynamics of mosquito transmission of lymphatic filariasis in Papua New Guinea E. C. Chapman, LC.
fired boilers installed on either side of the transmission gearbox.
Transmission to humans usually occurs through eating contaminated foodstuffs particularly beef products.
forced feed lubrication drives an appropriately massive transmission, which is shown in diagrammatic form in the drawing.
An encoding format that translates files into 7-bit format for transmission over the Internet.
garbled in the transmission.
Also, the diesel's six-speed gearbox has a sweeter gearshift than the gasoline cars ' five-speed transmission.
For example, some viral genotypes may be particularly prone to transmission or the life history of the host may be important.
A total of 24 sources were observed with one or both transmission grating spectrometers, from which 19 gave a useful spectrum.
Oil bathed transmission and no belt concept linked with the exceptionally heavy duty construction makes expensive downtime a thing of the past.
hookworm infection should be treated to reduce the risk of transmission to others.
hydrokinetic transmission (using a Brockhouse torque converter) and Dorman 4DA engines.
iatrogenic transmission of CJD remains a matter of concern.
T Adds a transmission line of characteristic impedance z in series with the impedance z in series with the impedance in X, transforming its impedance in most cases.
infecting mosquitoes with fungi, they can drastically reduce transmission of the disease, which kills well over a million people each year.
In mink, early transmission of TME by subcutaneous inoculation had led to the proposal that natural transmission might be initiated via wounds.
intercourse with multiple partners, the principal sexual risk for the transmission of HIV.
Ongoing surveillance in formerly endemic Central and South American countries confirms that poliovirus transmission remains interrupted.
interruptions in transmission.
Children of kuru-affected mothers were not found to develop kuru, 12 suggesting that maternal transmission was not involved.
Much tinkering with network settings was required on my Wi-Fi enabled iBook laptop but once set up transmission is surprisingly fast.
Sandflies and the transmission of the tropical disease leishmaniasis of sandfly gut infected with Leishmania parasites.
Digital transmission of TV and radio programs requires a significantly lesser data rate than that of the previous analog technology.
Use of Methylamphetamine is associated with increased libido, unsafe sex and increased risk of disease transmission.
The paper notes the work that is underway with transmission licensees to inform the development of proposals for such incentives.
litre can also opt for five doors, a 2.0 liter turbo diesel engine and Stepspeed transmission on ZR 120 models.
Problem solving, decision making and insightful interactive conversations became preferable to information transmission, and fact learning.
Transmission: 4-speed manual, 4-speed manual with electrical overdrive or 3-speed automatic.
The majority of the collection are transmission electron micrographs.
millimeter wave technology has been dubbed " wireless optics " since it provides gigabit high-speed throughput between transmission sites.
modus operandi of wireless transmission systems is each individual system operates on its own.
The current modus operandi of wireless transmission systems is each individual system operates on its own.
By infecting mosquitoes with fungi, they can drastically reduce transmission of the disease, which kills well over a million people each year.
mottle virus on carrot red leaf virus for transmission by aphids.
Further evidence on the nature of the dependence of carrot mottle virus on carrot red leaf virus for transmission by aphids.
The obvious examples are genes to block the transmission of viruses and malaria parasites, as well as filarial nematodes.
neuromuscular junction transmission defects in post-polio muscles.
offspring of affected cattle in order to check for maternal transmission.
Those include optical, scanning and transmission electron microscopes.
The millimeter wave electric company technology has been dubbed " wireless optics " since it provides gigabit high-speed throughput between transmission sites.
To allow the transmission of high frequency sounds, the stapes is used as an auditory ossicle.
Transmission: electrical overdrive, 4-speed manual with floor-mounted gear lever.
Gymnosperms have mainly paternal (pollen) transmission while most flowering plants seem to have maternal inheritance.
The parking pawl is a strong, positive stop within the transmission.
piggy backed by Home Run, transmission of the special hijack code was rendered impossible.
Transmission of the load from load cell to specimen was by means of compression platens and a four point bending jig with no articulation.
Finally, light coming from under water is slightly polarized in the vertical plane (polarized in the vertical plane (polarized on transmission ).
The IS P5 preamplifier is required for transmission to the safe area through barriers.
aircraft propulsion systems have transmission problems high on the list of reliability risks (oil loss, bearing failures etc.
His research interests include the transmission of Freud's theory and clinical practice into early British psychoanalysis.
Stubs are shorted or open circuit lengths of transmission line which produce a pure reactance at the attachment point.
Features: ATR, diffuse reflectance, transmission, searchable library.
Heck its just a different modulation scheme, I would assume their content transmission system can be easily retooled at the output.
There are three types of DVB transmission: terrestrial, satellite and cable.
scanning calorimetry (DSC) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM ).
Transmission: transmitted by sexual intercourse, including oral sex.
Featured Richard Barrett - transmission Hard-edged showpieces written for crack Australian ensemble ELISION read more.
HIV transmission occurs largely through heterosexual sex, although sex between men, which is highly stigmatized, is also fueling the epidemic.
streptococcusere is a shortage of knowledge on caries prevention and especially on the mother-child transmission mutans streptococci.
The transmission can be from a television studio or from an enhanced lecture room.
Point 3 - tb transmission We do not know exactly how cattle become infected with tb transmission We do not know exactly how cattle become infected with TB.
In fact, quantum teleportation has to include a light speed transmission of data.
test tube may promote oral HIV transmission Alcohol may enable HIV to be more easily transmitted through oral sex, a new test-tube study suggests.
Observations on outbreaks of clinical toxoplasmosis in relation to possible mechanisms of transmission.
transmission of scrapie - a BSE-like sheep disease - through blood transfusion has found similar results.
transmission of vCJD.
transmission of nerve impulses through neural networks becomes modified.
transmission of bovine tb remains unproven.
The distant modem would use its CTS to prevent any transmission by the distant computer.
Such packs should be returned to the local Blood Center for onward transmission within the NBS.
Any notice given by e-mail or facsimile transmission shall be deemed to have been delivered on the next working day following transmission.
They emphasized, repeatedly, the importance of the study of offspring of affected cattle in order to check for maternal transmission.
In mice, myosin V mutations lead to defects in synaptic transmission.
The fully automatic 4WD transmission regulates traction on the four wheels from 0 to 100% according to grip.
Hodes, R. (1948) Electromyographic study of defects of neuromuscular transmission in human poliomyelitis.
transmission Electron microscopy (TEM ): This is a set of resources designed to accompany an introductory course on transmission electron microscopy.
transmission electron microscope.
This has helped to reduce rates of mother-to-child transmission dramatically.
There have been no known cases of human-to-human transmission during the current outbreak.
Most alarming would be a situation in which person-to-person transmission resulted in successive generations of severe disease with high mortality.
Generally data transmission speeds in excess of 1 Mbps.
The existing network comprises a switching system, which is 74% digital with an analog transmission system throughout.
In 1977, there had only been 443 kilometers of electricity transmission line in the country.
The aim is to halt transmission of human and animal trypanosomiasis by progressively eliminating tsetse populations throughout the endemic regions of Africa.
It was released unedited on video at the time of its original transmission.
The motors are water-cooled servo direct drive motors - no transmission belts are used.
(21) a formula giving the coefficient of transmission in terms of the refraction, and of the number of particles per unit volume.
P. Bouguer and others estimate about o 8 for the transmission of light through the entire atmosphere from a star in the zenith.
At this rate the transmission through 190 kilometres would be (.
Or again if we inquire what, according to (21), would be the transmission through 8.3 kilometres, we find 1 - o 044 =o 956.
A Levite probably had a hand in the work, and this, with the evidence for the Levitical Psalms (see Psalms), gives the caste an interesting place in the study of the transmission of the biblical records.
Each wire was to be used for the transmission of one letter only, and the message was to be sent by charging the proper wires in succession, and received by observing the 1 From correspondence found among Sir David Brewster's papers after his death it seems highly probable that the writer of this letter, which was signed " C. M.," was Charles Morrison, a surgeon and a native of Greenock, but at that time resident in Renfrew.
The mode of using the paper ribbon for the transmission of the message is illustrated in fig.
The Korn telephotographic apparatus is based on the principle of an apparatus devised by Shelford Bidwell in 1881 for the electrical transmission of pictures to a distance, in which use was made of the change in electrical resistance which selenium undergoes when acted upon by light.
The great reduction in friction and in electrical resistance of the contact thus effected between the recurved end of the arm and the rotating surface secures the transmission of signals at such a high rate of speed that the combination of this relay with a special form of curb sender allows of the re-transmission of signals into a second cable at a speed not less than that of the siphon recorder worked in the usual way.
It had further to provide at low charges for the distribution of news to the Press; it had to facilitate the transmission of money orders by telegram; finally, it had to amalgamate into one staff bodies of men who had formerly worked as rivals upon opposite plans and with different instruments, and to combine the amalgamated telegraph staff with that of the postal service.
There is no doubt that the transmission of articulate sounds and speech over long distances without wires by means of electric waves is not only possible as an experimental feat but may perhaps come to be commercially employed.
The apparatus thus acted as both a transmitter and a receiver; indeed it is essentially the magneto-receiver which has come into universal use in practical telephony, though for transmission it was soon superseded by forms of microphonic transmitters.
4 " Cependant, pour revenir aux formes ordinaires ou aux Ames materielles, cette duree qu'il leur faut attribuer, a la place de celle qu'on avoit attribuee aux atomes pourroit faire douter si elles ne vont pas de corps en corps; ce qui seroit la metempsychose, a peu pros comme quelques philosophes ont cru la transmission du mouvement hypothesis of monads, and by Nicholas Malebranche; while, in the middle of the r8th century, not only speculative considerations, but a great number of new and interesting observations on the phenomena of generation, led the ingenious Charles Bonnet and A.
The nucleus is regarded as a controlling centre of cell-activity, upon which the growth and development of the cell in large measure depends, and as the agent by which the transmission of specific qualities from one generation to another is brought about.
The Nucleus in Relation to Heredity.There is a certain amount of cytological evidence to show that the nucleus is largely concerned with the transmission of hereditary characters.
The transmission of property from a foreigner to his heirs is therefore governed by the Ottoman laws, and not those of the country to which he belongs.
It is not proposed to trace the formalities of transfer and transmission of real property here; they will be found in vol.
In addition to the works above mentioned, Fellows published the following: The Xanthian Marbles; their Acquisition and Transmission to England (1843), a refutation of false statements that had been published; An Account of the Ionic Trophy Monument excavated at Xanthus (1848); a cheap edition of his two Journals, entitled Travels and Researches in Asia Minor, particularly in the Province of Lycia (1852); and Coins of Ancient Lycia before the Reign of Alexander; with an Essay on the Relative Dates of the Lycian Monuments in the British Museum (1855).
The Benefices Act of that year absolutely invalidates any transfer of a right of patronage unless (a) it is registered in the diocesan registry, (b) unless more than twelve months have elapsed since the last institution or admission to the benefice, and (c) unless "it transfers the whole interest of the transferor in the right" with certain reservations; in other words, the act abolished the sale of next presentations, but it expressly reserved from its operation (a) a transmission on marriage, death or bankruptcy or otherwise by operation of law, or (b) a transfer on the appointment of a new trustee where no beneficial interest passes.
As the eastern outpost of the company's operations, it was connected with the western outpost of the East India Company in Bagdad by a private postal service, and its name became very familiar in England from the part that its merchants (largely Jewish) bore in the transmission of Eastern products to Europe (cf., e.g.
It should be observed, however, that Darwin did not attribute an essential part to this Lamarckian hypothesis of the transmission of acquired characters, but expressly assigned to it an entirely subordinate importance.
The question thus arises whether, in electric attractions across apparently empty space and in gravitational attraction across the celestial regions, we are invited or required to make search for some similar method of continuous transmission of the physical effect, or whether we should rest content with an exact knowledge of the laws according to which one body affects mechanically another body at a distance.
It is on our familiarity with modes of transmission such as these, and with the exact analyses of them which the science of mathematical physics has been able to make, that our predilection for filling space with an aethereal transmitting medium, constituting a universal connexion between material bodies, largely depends; perhaps ultimately it depends most of all, like all our physical conceptions, on the intimate knowledge that we can ourselves exert mechanical effect on outside bodies only through the agencies of our limbs and sinews.
(See Energetics.) Returning now to the aether, on our present point of view no such complications there arise; it must be regarded as a continuous uniform medium free from any complexities of atomic aggregation, whose function is confined to the transmission of the various types of physical effect between the portions of matter.
As already mentioned, all efforts to assimilate optical propagation to transmission of waves in an ordinary solid medium have failed; and though the idea of regions of intrinsic strain, as for example in unannealed glass, is familiar in physics, yet on account of the absence of mobility of the strain no attempt had been made to employ them to illustrate the electric fields of atomic charges.
The patients are almost exclusively native Hawaiians, and their number is slowly but steadily decreasing; in 1908 they numbered 791, and there were at Molokai 46 non-leprous helpers and 27 officers and assistants, including the Roman Catholic brothers and sisters in charge of the homes., In 1905 the United States government appropriated $500,000 for a hospital station and laboratory " for the study of the methods of transmission, cause and treatment of leprosy," and $50,000 a year for their maintenance; the station and laboratory to be established when the territorial government should have ceded to the United States a tract of 1 sq.
p. 269, " Electric Transmission Plants in Transvaal," p. 307, " Turbines "; vol.
In the transmission of power by compressed air (see POWER TRANSMISSION) the air-driven motors are for the most part machines resembling steam-engines in the general features of their pistons, cylinders, valves and so forth.
The employment of children under fourteen years of age in any factory, workshop, mercantile establishment, store, business office, telegraph or telephone office, restaurant, hotel, apartment house, club, theatre, bootblack stand, or in the distribution or transmission of merchandise or messages is forbidden, except that a child between twelve and fourteen years of age may with the permission of the judge of the juvenile court be employed at an occupation not dangerous or injurious to his health or morals if necessary for his support or for the assistance of a disabled, ill or invalid parent, a younger brother or sister, or a widowed mother.
Brown, and long distance transmission of electrical power by polyphase electrical currents (see Power Transmission: Electric) was exhibited in operation at Frankfort in 1891.
The neatness of the form has led to a very extensive use of the limerick for all sorts of mockserious purposes, political, social and sarcastic, and a good many specimens have achieved a popularity which has been all the wider because they have, perforce, been confined to verbal transmission.
may have suffered more in transmission than those which precede it-even to the extent of losing the acrostic form (like some of the Psalms and Nahum i.), besides half of its stanzas.
in lenses or mirrors or a series of them, may be defined as the non-concurrence of rays from the points of an object after transmission through the system; it happens generally that an image formed by such a system is irregular, and consequently the correction of optical systems for aberration is of fundamental importance to the instrument-maker.
in the case of a grating, telecentric transmission on the object-side, and in the front focal plane of the illuminating system a small circular aperture is arranged, then by the help of the auxiliary microscope one sees in the middle of the back focal plane the round white image 0 (fig.
The transmission brake can now be worked off the gearbox output shaft carefully with a rawhide mallet.
The most frequently reiterated mode of transmission involved urinating in a place where someone with AIDS had already urinated.
Microstructures were studied using a combination of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
To gain an insight into the transmission and clinical processes of the disease, a detailed understanding of schistosome population genetic structure is essential.
The automatic transmission selector lever is on the steering column.
Through the system, the transmission of information from the King to his subjects is supposed to be improved and self-development encouraged and promoted.
However, there is a shortage of knowledge on caries prevention and especially on the mother-child transmission mutans streptococci.
Point 3 - tb transmission We do not know exactly how cattle become infected with TB.
Alcohol may promote oral HIV transmission Alcohol may enable HIV to be more easily transmitted through oral sex, a new test-tube study suggests.
Iatrogenic transmission of CJD accepted - high titres of the agent in experimentally infected guinea pig corneas.
Another study by the team on the transmission of scrapie - a BSE-like sheep disease - through blood transfusion has found similar results.
The benefits of these treatments should be carefully weighed against the risk of transmission of vCJD.
The result is that the transmission of nerve impulses through neural networks becomes modified.
However, it remains the case that the role - if any - that badgers play in the transmission of bovine TB remains unproven.
Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM): This is a set of resources designed to accompany an introductory course on transmission electron microscopy.
Of interest to the physical oceanographic community is the autonomous capture and transmission of full-depth turbulence parameter profiles.
CitySync 's offering includes a comprehensive product range covering the transmission and receiving hardware, site survey and turnkey installation.
Such a mechanism could account for pedigrees showing transmission of the tumor through unaffected carriers.
The system was powered by overhead transmission of 3500 volts dc with power taken from the public electric service.
Birds also present a threat through transmission of disease to the farm from other farms and watercourses in the area.
Ready2Wear Monitor-This package includes two receivers, a docking station for recharging, interference-free transmission for up to 800 feet, and a receiver the size of a wristwatch for comfort.
Home users can buy Internet access through their local phone service provider because they won't need huge data transmission requirements.
Do you like to drive with an automatic or manual transmission?
Manual transmission vehicles are usually lower in price and better in gas mileage, while automatics are more expensive and worse on gas.
While an automatic transmission is a lot easier to drive, it will also cost you more in gas and in your vehicle purchase price.
Mechanical Conditions: Double-check the engine for oil, transmission fluid, brake fluid and power steering fluid.
The only caveat is that the carcasses must be adequately rendered to minimize transmission of disease.
There are only two forward gears in the Roadster, and unlike a manual transmission, the car will not stall if shifted into the wrong gear.
The parallel hybrid has the electric motor, the batteries and the combustion engine all connected to the transmission.
According to Midwest ISO (Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator, Inc.), the Midwest offers three primary sources of renewable energy: biomass, hydro and wind.
Automobile fluids: Recycle used antifreeze, motor oil, transmission and brake fluids.
There are higher densities at important strength points and less material at others, which allows for tons of strength and power transmission without a lot of weight.
Double canting: These adjustments align the cuffs to the lower leg and ensures zero transmission loss between the cuff and the shell.
Pregnant or breastfeeding women should take use of any antidepressant under careful consideration, due to the risk of birth defects and possible transmission through breast milk.
Ginger: Magnesium, calcium and phosphorus are found in large amounts in ginger and all three contribute to nerve transmission so it may well be a good treatment for depression.
The transmission of parvo occurs from fecal matter.
Additionally, ash also causes electrical short circuits, especially as it pertains to wet transmission lines.
Tourists planning vacations to sub-Saharan portions of Africa are warned about possible transmission of the disease through the bite of the tsetse fly.
The grey content of the lens ensures a natural color transmission, while the vermillion coloring enhances red, green, and yellow colors.
This lens has the ability to change from a light transmission rate of 40.7 to 6.6 percent.
Glass, on the other hand, is heavier and more expensive, with higher optical densities and more visible light transmission.
It comes in combinations such as Tortoise frame with/ HCL Bronze lens or Smoke Grey frame with High Transmission lens.
High Transmission: works to sharpen and contrast images when conditions are darker than normal.
If you need to sharpen the images you are looking at, the high transmission lens has you covered.
The Maui Jim selections available with the Makaha style include Grey, High Transmission, and HCL Bronze.
When you know you'll be reading in low light conditions but you prefer sunglass readers rather than tint-free ones, try the High Transmission lenses.
When I found out that the game was coming to the Dreamcast, I nearly threw out my transmission.
Other high-end features in the arcade version include force feedback on the steering wheel and a realistic manual transmission mode, complete with a clutch pedal and the possibility of a stall.
The new diesel model features a Caterpillar engine along with an Allison transmission, with a list price starting at $166,000.
The launch of 1700MHz AWS (Advanced Wireless Services) 3G network offered faster data transmission, but coverage remained about the same.
When you use a regular mobile phone, the transmission is over a cellular network.
Even if you are able to land some free ringtones through the TracFone mobile website, you could still be on the hook for any wireless data transmission charges.
The correct balance of electrolytes is crucial to many body functions, including muscle contraction and nerve impulse transmission.
Thus, the major route of transmission is fecal-oral, which occurs primarily with poor sanitary conditions.
Transmission remains possible while the virus is being excreted and it can be transmitted for as long as the virus remains in the throat or feces.
In addition to sexual transmission there is an increase in HIV among ethnic groups related to intravenous drug usage.
Approximately 78 percent of HIV-infected women are minorities and most become infected through heterosexual transmission.
The only form of direct person-to-person transmission occurs from mother to fetus during pregnancy.
This transmission occurs only if the mother is in the acute, or active, stage of infection when the organism is circulating in the mother's blood.
In fetuses, the severity of infection is dependent on the time of transmission.
Transmission of toxoplasmosis from the mother to the fetus may be prevented or reduced if the mother takes the antibiotic spiramycin.
Everyone in the family should be treated at the same time, whether they show clinical signs of the disease or not, because transmission among family members is so common.
However, most researchers agree that the chemical transmission of signals in the brain and nervous system are in some way related to PMS.
Transmission easily occurs by children not washing their hands thoroughly and spreading the infection to others.
Proper hand washing can prevent the spread of the virus by oral-fecal transmission.
Researchers have investigated the possibility of treating schizophrenia during the prodromal stage or even before symptoms start (such as when the likelihood of hereditary transmission is high).
The risk of HIV transmission during vaginal sex between a female and a male who has the virus is low, estimated at one-tenth to one-fifth of a percent, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
This concept is used to explain the intergenerational transmission of attitudes, problems, behaviors, and other issues.
It is important, however, that other modes of transmission be considered, such as poorly or infrequently washed hands.
Air conduction establishes the extent of sound transmission through the bones of the middle ear.
This is a common vector for bacterial transmission into the eye.
Live disease-causing bacteria within the bloodstream and tissues may cause complications far from the wound site, including transmission of HIV infection.
It is not possible to prevent the transmission of an abnormal peroxisomal gene from parent to child or spontaneous mutations that may arise.
The exact pattern of genetic transmission was not known as of 2004, however; autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, and sex-linked inheritance patterns have all been studied and rejected.
Transmission of HBV occurs through blood and body fluid exposure such as blood, semen, vaginal secretions, or saliva.
Japanese encephalitis vaccine is recommended for those traveling to Asia and staying in affected rural areas during transmission season.
Scalp infections with the herpes virus or group B streptococcus are possible, and concern has been raised regarding the potential for enhancing transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
The risk of transmission can be lowered by avoiding exposure to anyone who already has tonsillitis or a sore throat.
Shigellosis in schools or daycare settings almost always disappears when holiday breaks occur, which severs the chain of transmission.
The only way to prevent viral and bacterial nonallergic rhinitis is to take the steps which prevent transmission of the common cold.
Tattoos can lead to the transmission of infectious diseases, such as hepatitis B and C and theoretically HIV, when proper sterilization and safety procedures are not followed.
Antidepressants work by blocking pain transmission from the nervous system.
Thorough hand washing is the most effective way to prevent the fecal-oral transmission of certain viruses, especially rotaviruses.
Thus, as of 2004, researches also believe an unknown mode of transmission may possibly be involved.
Transmission of many perinatal infections occurs during childbirth, particularly in cases when invasive techniques such as episiotomy or artificial rupture of membranes are employed.
In other cases, transmission may occur during pregnancy, if the infectious agent can cross the placental barrier, and it may occur during breastfeeding, if the infectious agent can be found in breast milk.
For example, perinatal transmission of cytomegalovirus occurs in two to 24 out of every 1,000 live births.
The rate of transmission of genital herpes during pregnancy is one to two out of every 2,000 pregnancies; the rate of transmission during childbirth changes to one out of every 2,000 to 5,000 live births.
Perinatal transmission of group beta streptococcus causes neonatal infection in one to five out of every 1,000 live births, and rubella (German measles), 0.02 out of every 1,000 live births.
In some cases, early detection and treatment of infection can minimize the risk of perinatal transmission.
Most of the drugs designed to treat HIV are routinely used during pregnancy because of the mother's health needs and because transmission rate is directly related to the mother's viral load.
Cesarean delivery rather than vaginal delivery reduces the risk of transmission of HPV from mothers to infants.
If transmission of GBS to the newborn infant already is suspected or if the baby develops symptoms of infection, infants often are treated with antibiotics.
Syphilis: Antibiotic therapy, usually penicillin, given early in the pregnancy can be used to treat the infection and may prevent transmission to the infant.
Use of a barrier method of contraceptive (e.g. condom) can prevent transmission of some sexually transmitted infections during intercourse.
To prevent disease transmission during CPR, face masks and face shields are available to prevent direct contact during rescue breathing.
The risk of HIV transmission from a pregnant woman to her baby can be significantly reduced with the use of antiretroviral drugs taken during pregnancy, labor, and delivery and administered to the baby for the first six weeks of life.
In addition, the International Perinatal HIV Group reported in 1999 that elective cesarean section delivery could help reduce vertical transmission of HIV, although it is not without risk to certain women.
Parental concerns are reflected in the status of a reproductive couple to prevent the transmission of the virus before pregnancy and if this is not possible, to obtain adequate prenatal care to prevent the transmission to the baby.
Transmission is generally via respiratory droplets (HSV-1) or direct contact (HSV-1 and HSV-2).
Whereas it is almost impossible to keep a baby or child from being exposed to herpes simplex due to its universal presence, there are conditions that can be used to prevent its transmission.
Hand washing is one of the biggest factors in the transmission of all diseases, and it is especially true of herpes simplex since it is spread by respiratory droplets through mucosal membranes.
Symptoms of magnesium deficiency include faulty transmission of nerve and muscle impulses, irritability, nervousness, and tantrums.
Treponema pallidum subspecies endemicum, the bacteria that causes bejel, is very closely related to the one that causes the sexually transmitted form of syphilis, but the method of transmission is different.
In bejel, transmission is by direct contact, with broken skin or contaminated hands, or indirectly by sharing drinking vessels and eating utensils.
"Disorders of Neuromuscular Transmission and of Motor Neurons."
It is possible that people with OCD experience overactivity deep within the brain that causes the cells to get "stuck," much like a jammed transmission in a car damages the gears.
In the United States, the deer tick in the genus Ixodes is the vector for Borrelia burgdorferi and Lyme disease transmission.
A nurse or phlebotomist usually collects the sample following standard precautions for the prevention of transmission of bloodborne pathogens.
The mode of transmission varies among the different sexually transmitted diseases.
Infection may also occur during oral sex, such as transmission of HSV from an oral lesion to the genitals or vice versa, or transmission of HIV from genital secretions through a cut in the mouth.
The transmission of many STDs is more efficient from men to women than from women to men.
Although biologic factors play an important role in the transmission of STDs, it is also the health-risking behaviors of adolescents that place them at increased risk for exposure to STDs.
Motivation to change risk behaviors is another determinant of prevention and affects whether a person acts on his or her knowledge of the transmission and prevention of HIV.
In addition, prevention of STDs in adolescents requires that they have the necessary means, resources, and social support to develop self-regulative skills and self-efficacy to effectively reduce their risk of disease transmission.
In 1991 the CDC developed a strategy for eliminating the transmission of hepatitis B via universal childhood vaccination.
Human immunodeficiency virus: HIV can be transmitted from mother to child, although treatment of the disease during pregnancy can greatly reduce the risk of transmission.
The goal of syphilis screening is to diagnose and treat infections before transmission occurs.
Dopamine is a chemical that aids in the transmission of nerve signals.
Parkinson's disease-A slowly progressive disease that destroys nerve cells in the basal ganglia and thus causes loss of dopamine, a chemical that aids in transmission of nerve signals (neurotransmitter).
This is a common method of transmission in childcare centers.
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