Elias Levita's Massoreth ha-Massoreth (1538) and Buxtorf's Tiberias (1620) are also important.
But the fact that he summoned five vassal-kings of the empire to a conference at Tiberias suggests rather a policy of self-aggrandisement.
Josephus with a few stalwarts took refuge in Tiberias, and sent a letter to Jerusalem asking that he should be relieved of his command or supplied with an adequate force to continue the war.
Gaza, Tiberias and Petra (Reinach, Textes relatifs au Judaisme, p. 198).
After a brief seclusion, Herod the Tetrarch, his uncle, who had married Herodias, his sister, made him Agoranomos (Overseer of Markets) of Tiberias, and presented him with a large sum of money; but his uncle being unwilling to continue his support, Agrippa left Judea for Antioch and soon after returned to Rome, where he was welcomed by Tiberius and became the constant campanion of the emperor Gaius (Caligula), then a popular favourite.
At Tiberias a little squadron of the brethren of the two Orders went down before Saladin's cavalry in May; at Hattin the levy masse of the kingdom, some 20,000 strong, foolishly marching over a sandy plain under the heat of a July sun, was utterly defeated; and after a fortnight's siege Jerusalem capitulated (October 2nd, 1187).
(2) Urdun (Jordan), of which the capital was Tabaria (Tiberias); roughly speaking, it consisted of the rest of Palestine as far as Tyre.
Above all he founded the important town of Tiberias on the west shore of the Sea of Galilee, with institutions of a distinctly Greek character.
Josephus wrote a narrative of his own Life in order to defend himself against the accusation brought by his enemy Justus of Tiberias to the effect that he had really been the cause of the Jewish rebellion.
Entering Syria at Acre, he crossed Galilee to the Sea of Tiberias; thence returning to Acre he seems to have travelled down the coast to Jaffa, and so up to Jerusalem.
He mentions a rabbi from Lydda, a rabbi from Tiberias, and above all rabbi Ben Anina, who came to him by night secretly for fear of the Jews.
As a Hebrew scholar he made a special study of the history of the Hebrew text, which led him to the conclusion that the vowel points and accents are not an original part of the Hebrew language, but were inserted by the Massorete Jews of Tiberias, not earlier than the 5th century A.D., and that the primitive Hebrew characters are those now known as the Samaritan, while the square characters are Aramaic and were substituted for the more ancient at the time of the captivity.
From Tiberias: in Matt.
In May he cut to pieces a small body of Templars and Hospitallers at Tiberias, and, on July 4th, inflicted a crushing defeat upon the united Christian army at Hittin.
I) and twice Sea of Tiberias (John vi.
The hot baths south of Tiberias include seven springs, the largest of which has a temperature of 137° F.
In these springs a distinct rise in temperature was observed in 1837, when Tiberias and Safed were destroyed by an earthquake.
Passing beneath rugged cliffs a recess in the hills is next reached, where stands Tubariya, the ancient Tiberias or Rakkath, containing 3000 inhabitants, more than half of whorl: are Jews.
The ruin of Kerak answers to the description given by Josephus of the city of Taricheae, which lay 30 stadia from Tiberias, the hot baths being between the two cities.
Sennabris was 30 stadia from Tiberias, or about the distance of the ruin now existing.
Sebaste (the old Samaria), Caesarea, Antipatris were built by Herod the Great, Tiberias by Herod Antipas (4 B.C. - A.D.
Of Tiberias; and another fortress in Upper Galilee was named Jamnia (Josephus, Vita, 37).
Emerging from concealment, Simon settled in Tiberias and in other Galilean cities.
South of Tiberias, where the water has a temperature of 140° F.
Haifa to Tiberias and to Jenin); but in this respect the northern province is far behind the southern.
Shefa `Amr (Shafram), Sha`arah (Shaaraim) and especially Tubariya (Tiberias) became centres of this learning: and the remains of synagogues of the 2nd or 3rd century which still exist in Galilee attest the strength of Judaism in that district during the years following the abortive attempt of Bar-Cochebas.
A detachment of troops was sent under General Jean Baptiste Kleber across the plain of Esdraelon to take Nazareth and Tiberias, and defeated the Arabs between Fuleh and Afuleh.
Saladin, who was at the time besieging Kaukab (a few miles south of Tiberias), sent for him and became his friend.
In Palestine learning flourished at Caesarea, Sepphoris, Tiberias and Usha; Babyldnia had famous schools at Nehardea (from the 2nd century A.D.), Sura, Pumbeditha and elsewhere.
The latter, founder of the great school of Tiberias, has indeed been 1 On the various teachers, especially the Haggadists, see W.
TIBERIAS, a town on the western shore of the sea of Galilee (to which it gives its modern Arabic name, Bahr Tubariya, i.e.
2, 3) describes the building of Tiberias by Herod Antipas near a village called Emmaus, where are hot springs.
On this account Tiberias was long regarded with aversion by Jews, but after the fall of Jerusalem it was settled by them and rose to be the chief centre of rabbinic learning.
Christianity never succeeded in establishing itself here in the Byzantine period, though there was a bishopric of Tiberias, and a church built by Constantine.
Tiberias is notoriously dirty and proverbial for its fleas, whose king is said by the Arabs to hold his court here.
HILLEL II., one of the patriarchs belonging to the family of Hillel I., lived in Tiberias about the middle of the 4th century, and introduced the arrangement of the calendar through which the Jews of the Diaspora became independent of Palestine in the uniform fixation of the new moons and feasts.
When Saladin (1187) had almost annihilated the Christian army in the plain of Tiberias, Ascalon offered but a feeble resistance to the victor.
At Tiberias also are the tombs of distinguished Jewish teachers, including Maimonides.
At Irbid, above Tiberias, is another synagogue of rather different character.