Thyroid sentence example
On stopping the administration of thyroid these symptoms again disappear.
Some cells in the thyroid also produce the hormone calcitonin.
The thyroid gland is situated at the base of the throat.
Yes, there is evidence of tissue destruction -- the thyroid follicles are small and lined by fewer epithelial cells.
Also the helper T lymphocytes induce the formation of CD8+ (cytotoxic) T lymphocytes which can directly kill the thyroid follicular epithelial cells.Advertisement
They also stimulate the thyroid gland, which plays an important role in the processes of growth.
It is a large glycoprotein synthesized by thyroid follicle cells.
Often the symptoms of a lack of thyroid hormone are not very obvious.
In the thyroid, 1,3 DCP induced thyroid follicular cell hyperplasia in dose-related manner in both male and female rats.
The sort of diseases included myocardial hypertrophy, inflammatory bowel disease, thyroid gland problems and allergy.Advertisement
A lack of thyroid hormone in the body is called hypothyroidism.
In autoimmune hypothyroidism, antibodies destroy thyroid gland cells preventing the gland from being able to release normal amounts of thyroid hormones.
Checking for the presence of radioactive iodine in the thyroid gland.
Sometimes half of the gland has to be removed (thyroid lobectomy) or the whole gland can be removed (total thyroidectomy ).
I'm sure you'll feel better once you start the meds for the thyroid problem.Advertisement
Iodine is required by the thyroid glands which regulates body metabolism.
Endoscopic orbital decompression may be used to treat disfiguring proptosis or sight threatening optic nerve compression in patients with thyroid eye disease.
Her thyroid, to the doctor's touch, feels smoothly swollen.
Blood from the inferior thyroid, and internal thoracic arteries enters the thymus.
These stimulate the thyroid to make lots of thyroxine.Advertisement
Confused over thyroid test results Dealing with hair loss caused by thyroid medication Do I have an underactive thyroid?
My Mom's got an over-active thyroid and I'm worried My twin sister has an underactive thyroid... .
Risk factors Being female - women are 10 times more likely to develop an overactive thyroid than men.
She suffers from a mild learning disability together with problems caused by an under-active thyroid.
You have high blood pressure or heart disease or an over-active thyroid.Advertisement
Others who have been treated successfully develop an under active thyroid in the future.
If natural thyroid is to be used, a start may be made with 1/2 grain (30 mg ).
Thyroid nodules are lumps which can develop in the thyroid nodules are lumps which can develop in the thyroid gland.
We recommend that thyroid function be followed closely whether or not thyroid autoantibodies are present.
Abnormal thyroid tissue within these nodules produces too much thyroid hormone.
Patients with auto-immune thyroid diseases are usually referred for blood tests if such symptoms develop.
Impact of timing on completion thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer.
Hypothyroidism can arise in dogs either as a result of immune mediated thyroiditis or idiopathic thyroid follicular atrophy.
Canine hypothyroidism due to lymphocytic thyroiditis can often be controlled well with thyroid hormone replacement therapy Myasthenia gravis - prognosis is guarded.
Uncommon types of benign thyroid nodules are due to subacute thyroiditis, silent thyroiditis or Reidel's thyroiditis.
When there are increased levels of thyroid hormone in the blood the patient is said to have thyrotoxicosis.
This effect is direct and not mediated by pituitary thyrotropin (thyroid stimulating hormone ).
Thyroid gland This gland in the neck produces the hormone thyroxine, which helps to regulate the body's energy levels.
These thyroid glands no longer produce adequate amounts of a hormone called thyroxine.
Many were given the thyroid hormone thyroxine purely on the basis that they had symptoms suggestive of thyroid disease.
The thyroid function varies and too much thyroxine can be harmful if taken unnecessarily.
If the TSH level is high this means that you are not having adequate thyroxine to allow for your underactive thyroid gland.
Reduced serum thyroxine led to an increased release of TSH with resultant follicular cell hypertrophy in the thyroid glands of rats.
However, if too much replacement thyroxine is given, symptoms of an overactive thyroid may be experienced.
Formula 4 Feet contains the amino acid tyrosine and the element iodine, which when combined, form thyroxine, the thyroid hormone.
Therefore, the radioactive iodine builds up in the thyroid gland.
Iodine is an essential component of the thyroid hormone, thyroxine, which is the master regulator of metabolism.
Her thyroid, to the doctor 's touch, feels smoothly swollen.
Cortisol, thyroid and GH deficient, epilepsy, retinal aplasia, tetralogy of fallots (repaired).
My Mom 's got an over-active thyroid and I 'm worried My twin sister has an underactive thyroid....
I was diagnosed with MEN2a when I was about 11 way back in 1990 and had my thyroid removed in 1991.
If natural thyroid is to be used, a start may be made with 1/2 grain (30 mg).
The aim of our study is to evaluate the expression of these markers in thyroid carcinomas.
The data indicate that there is a tendency toward primary thyroid dysfunction in Down 's syndrome.
Childhood thyroid cancer is 90 times the levels before 1986.
Total thyroidectomy - where all of the thyroid tissue is removed.
Uncommon types of benign thyroid nodules are due to subacute thyroiditis, silent thyroiditis or Reidel 's thyroiditis.
Congenital thyrotoxicosis is due to the passage from the mother to the fetus of maternal immunoglobulins that stimulate the fetal thyroid.
This effect is direct and not mediated by pituitary thyrotropin (thyroid stimulating hormone).
Thyroid gland This gland in the neck produces the hormone thyroxine, which helps to regulate the body 's energy levels.
Can PCOS affect thyroid function tests in someone on thyroxine replacement therapy?
My suspicion is that your cat may have a thyroid problem.
In a nutshell, it's caused by a problem with the thyroid gland.
Significant hair loss can be a symptom of thyroid disease.
I'm not a vet, but I suspect that those kittens either have some sort of skin infection, or they have thyroid deficiencies.
The gray, thickened skin makes me lean toward a thyroid problem, but this is something that has to be seen to be diagnosed.
Thyroid disease is not contagious, but many types of infections/infestations are, so I highly recommend you take the kittens to a veterinarian, or a no-kill shelter that will make sure they get the medical attention they need.
For example, cardiomyopathy is very often present in cases of undiagnosed feline hyperthyroidism in which the excess thyroid hormones cause the heart to work overtime, thus wreaking havoc on its function over a period of time.
Your veterinarian will likely run blood tests on your cat to determine that the underlying cause of the animal's heart condition is not the result of undiagnosed thyroid issues.
Many health conditions such as hypoglycemia and Graves disease (overactive thyroid gland) can cause symptoms similar to panic attacks, but only your doctor can rule them out.
Experts believe this can be attributed to differences in sex hormones and thyroid gland function.
Not that life in the United States has been easy for Vergara either; in 2002 she was diagnosed and treated for thyroid cancer.
Sampson was also put on thyroid medication.
Sometimes thyroid problems cause hair loss, and can also make your pet seem more lethargic.
The endocrine system is made up of the thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, pituitary gland, the adrenal glands and part of the pancreas.
Many of the chemicals are known to cause cancer, thyroid dysfunctions, and other life threatening issues.
If a doctor suspects Alzheimer's disease, he or she may order blood tests to rule out other causes for dementia such as thyroid disorders.
Hypothyroidism - When the thyroid fails to produce certain hormones, and when the hormones are out of balance, they can cause muscle cramps.
Dehydration, diabetes and thyroid problems can also contribute to cramping.
Hypothyroidism-A disorder in which the thyroid gland produces too little thyroid hormone causing a decrease in the rate of metabolism with associated effects on the reproductive system.
The doctor observes the front of the neck for swelling and may gently manipulate the neck and palpate the front and side surfaces of the thyroid gland at the base of the neck, looking for nodules or tenderness.
They may also develop problems later in childhood, including autism, hearing loss, brain syndromes, immune system disorders, or thyroid disease.
To rule out specific causes of amenorrhea, the doctor may order a pregnancy test in sexually active young women as well as blood tests to check the level of thyroid hormone.
Glandular therapy can assist in bringing about a balance in the glands involved in the reproductive cycle, including the hypothalmus, pituitary, thyroid, ovarian, and adrenal glands.
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)-A hormone produce by the pituitary gland that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce the hormones that regulate metabolism.
A decreased level may be found in liver dysfunction, overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), malabsorption, malnutrition, or advanced cancer, among other conditions.
In thyroid disease, the thyroid gland (located in the neck) may produce too much or too little thyroid hormone.
Fortunately, thyroid disease can be treated with medication.
As long as the level of thyroid hormone is controlled throughout pregnancy, there should be no problems for mother or baby.
These include atypical antipsychotics, beta blockers, corticosteroids, diuretics, estrogens, lithium, protease inhibitors, niacin, and some thyroid preparations.
Parts of the body that are especially sensitive to damage by x rays (for example, the reproductive organs, the thyroid) are shielded with a lead apron.
Body parts not being x rayed should be shielded with a lead apron, especially the testes, ovaries, and thyroid.
Blood tests or a scalp biopsy may be required if a medical condition-such as lupus erythematosus, thyroid dysfunction, iron deficiency, or hormonal imbalance-is suspected.
Growth can be impaired by conditions affecting the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal glands (all part of the endocrine system).
Another endocrine disorder that can interfere with growth is hypothyroidism, a condition resulting from insufficient activity of the thyroid gland.
In addition to retarding growth, it can cause mental retardation if thyroid hormones are not administered in the first months of an infant's life.
Toxic levels of iodine inhibit the secretion of thyroid hormone, resulting in lower levels of thyroid hormone in the bloodstream.
As a result, the thyroid gland becomes enlarged.
Itching that occurs all over the body may indicate a medical condition such as diabetes mellitus, liver disease, kidney failure, jaundice, thyroid disorders, or rarely, cancer.
Hyperthyroid myopathy occurs when the thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine, leading to muscle weakness, some muscle wasting in hips and shoulders, and, sometimes, problems with eye muscles.
Iodine is needed in the diet for proper thyroid function.
Selenium is needed for proper thyroid function.
Selenium supplements are not normally required except in children with phenylketonuria receiving a low-protein diet, although it may sometimes be associated with thyroid problems.
Parathyroid gland-A pair of glands adjacent to the thyroid gland that primarily regulate blood calcium levels.
It has also been reported to be elevated in some other conditions such as leukemia, pregnancy, diabetes, thyroid disease, and sometimes as a side effect of anticonvulsant therapy.
If the child is being treated with beta blocker medications commonly used to treat high blood pressure, angina, thyroid disorders, migraines, or glaucoma, it may be difficult to reverse an anaphylactic reaction.
To rule out specific causes of oligomenorrhea, the doctor may also order a pregnancy test in sexually active women and blood tests to check the level of thyroid hormone.
Glandular therapy can assist in bringing about a balance in the glands involved in the reproductive cycle, including the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, ovarian, and adrenal glands.
Patients with other conditions in which celiac disease may be more commonly found include those with juvenile chronic arthritis, some thyroid diseases, and IgA deficiency.
Approximately one-third of girls with Turner syndrome have a thyroid disorder, usually hypothyroidism.
Hypothryoidism can be easily treated with thyroid hormone supplements.
Certain tumors in the pancreas, lungs, adrenal glands, thyroid, and intestine can produce GHRH, which in turn triggers production of an abnormal quantity of GH.
Hypothyroidism, or underactive thyroid, develops when the thyroid gland fails to produce or secrete as much thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyonine (T3) as the body needs.
Symptoms may not appear until years after the thyroid has stopped functioning and often are mistaken for signs of other illnesses.
Nicknamed "Gland Central" because it influences almost every organ, tissue, and cell in the body, the thyroid is shaped like a butterfly and located just below the larynx, or Adam's apple, and in front of the trachea, or windpipe.
The thyroid stores iodine that the body obtains from food, and uses this mineral to create the thyroid hormones.
Low thyroid hormone levels can alter weight, appetite, sleep patterns, body temperature, and a variety of other physical, mental, and emotional characteristics.
In addition, an infant can be born with congenital hypothyroidism, i.e., without a functioning thyroid.
One out of every 4,000-5,000 infants is born without a properly functioning thyroid gland.
Congenital hypothyroidism is a disorder that affects infants from birth, resulting from the loss of thyroid function due to the failure of the thyroid gland to develop correctly.
Sometimes the thyroid gland is absent or is ectopic, i.e., in an abnormal location.
This congenital defect means that the infant does not produce sufficient thyroid hormones, resulting in abnormal growth and development as well as slower mental function.
Hypothyroidism may also be caused by an abnormality of the immune system that results in damage and destruction of the thyroid gland (Hashimoto's thyroiditis).
This process can result in either loss of thyroid tissue or enlargement of the thyroid.
Less often, hypothyroidism develops when the pituitary gland fails and does not release enough thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which stimulates the thyroid to produce and secrete normal amounts of T4 and T3.
Radiation. Radioactive iodine used to treat hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) or radiation treatments for head or neck cancers can destroy the thyroid gland.
Surgery. Removal of the thyroid gland because of cancer or other thyroid disorders can result in hypothyroidism.
Infections that depress thyroid hormone production usually cause permanent hypothyroidism.
In the United States, newborn infants between 24 and 72 hours old are tested for congenital thyroid deficiency (cretinism) using a test that measures the levels of thyroxine in the infant's blood.
Diagnosis of hypothyroidism is based on the patient's observations, medical history, physical examination, and thyroid function tests.
Doctors who specialize in treating thyroid disorders (endocrinologists) are most likely to recognize subtle symptoms and physical indications of hypothyroidism.
Alternative treatments are primarily aimed at strengthening the thyroid but will not eliminate the need for thyroid hormone medications.
Herbal remedies to improve thyroid function and relieve symptoms of hypothyroidism include bladder wrack (Fucus vesiculosus), which can be taken in capsule form or as a tea.
The shoulder stand yoga position (done at least once daily for 20 minutes) is believed to improve thyroid function.
Because the thyroid makes T4 from iodine in food, an iodine-deficient diet can cause hypothyroidism.
Some foods, including cabbage, rutabagas, radishes, peanuts, peaches, soybeans, and spinach, can interfere with thyroid hormone production.
A high-fiber diet along with regular exercise is recommended to help maintain thyroid function and prevent constipation.
Thyroid hormone replacement therapy generally maintains normal thyroid hormone levels unless treatment is interrupted or discontinued.
Pituitary, thyroid, adrenals, ovaries, and testes are all part of the endocrine system.
Hyperthyroidism-A condition characterized by abnormal over-functioning of the thyroid glands.
Thyroxine (T4)-The thyroid hormone that regulates many essential body processes.
Triiodothyronine (T3)-A thyroid hormone similar to thyroxine but more powerful.
Hyperthyroidism is the overproduction of thyroid hormones by an overactive thyroid.
The term hyperthyroidism covers any disease which results in overabundance of thyroid hormone.
When production of the thyroid hormones increases despite the level of TSH being produced, hyperthyroidism occurs.
The excessive amount of thyroid hormones in the blood increases the body's metabolism, creating both mental and physical symptoms.
Hyperthyroidism is often associated with the body's production of autoantibodies in the blood which causes the thyroid to grow and secrete excess thyroid hormone.
Patients with Graves' disease often have a goiter (visible enlargement of the thyroid gland), although as many as 10 percent do not.
An enlarged thyroid gland, seen as a bulge in the neck, should be examined by a doctor.
A simple blood test can be performed to determine the amount of thyroid hormone in the patient's blood.
Radioimmunoassay (a test to show concentrations of thyroid hormones with the use of a radioisotope mixed with fluid samples) helps confirm the diagnosis.
A thyroid scan is a nuclear medicine procedure involving injection of a radioisotope dye, which tags the thyroid and helps produce a clear image of inflammation or involvement of the entire thyroid.
Other tests can determine thyroid function and thyroid-stimulating hormone levels.
Antithyroid drugs are often administered to help the patient's body cease overproduction of thyroid hormones.
Women who are pregnant should be treated with the lowest dose required to maintain thyroid function in order to minimize the risk of hypothyroidism in the infant.
Radioactive iodine is often prescribed to damage cells that make thyroid hormone.
The patient may take an iodine capsule daily for several weeks, resulting in the eventual shrinkage of the thyroid, reduced hormone production, and a return to normal blood levels.
Most commonly, patients treated with thyroidectomy, in the form of partial or total removal of the thyroid, suffer from large goiter and have suffered relapses, even after repeated attempts to address the disease through drug therapy.
Thyroid storm, however, can be life-threatening and can lead to heart, liver, or kidney failure.
Iodine is required for thyroid gland function and metabolizing fats.
Iodine is needed to make thyroid hormone, which has a variety of roles in human embryo development.
Deficiency in adults can result in an enlarged thyroid gland (goiter) in the neck.
Because bone growth is affected by calcium regulating hormones, sex steroids, and thyroid hormones, disturbances in the endocrine system, which controls hormones, can be detected.
This type of nystagmus can be caused by ethanol and recreational drug use, but is seen in myasthenia gravis and thyroid disease as well.
Many elements influence bone remodeling, including whether the bone is weight-bearing, vitamin D intake, growth factors, and production of various hormones, including estrogen, thyroid, parathyroid, and calcitonin.
Other tests may include a thyroid level; sperm count; prolactin level (milk hormone); blood tests for anemia, chemistries, and iron; and genetic analysis.
Endocrinologist-A physician who specializes in treating patients who have diseases of the thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands, and/or the pancreas.
The multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) syndromes are three related inherited disorders affecting the thyroid and other hormone producing (endocrine) glands of the body.
Unlike MEN 2, the thyroid gland is rarely involved in MEN 1 symptoms.
Patients with both MEN 2A and MEN 2B experience two main symptoms, medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) and a tumor of the adrenal gland medulla known as pheochromocytoma.
Symptoms develop early in life (often before five years of age) in cases of MEN 2B and the medullary thyroid cancer is much more aggressive and may develop in patients who are one year old.
For both types of MEN 2, the greatest concern is development of medullary thyroid cancer.
Treatment of MTC is by surgical removal of the thyroid.
Even when thyroid surgery is performed early, metastatic spread of the cancer may have already occurred.
Medullary thyroid cancer-A slow-growing tumor associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes.
Thyroid gland-An endocrine gland in the neck overlying the windpipe (trachea) that regulates the speed of metabolic processes by producing a hormone, thyroxin.
Normally the thymus gland is located below the thyroid gland in the neck and front of the chest and is the primary gland of the lymphatic system, which is necessary for normal functioning of the immune system.
The parathyroid glands, located on the sides of the thyroid gland, are responsible for maintenance of normal levels of calcium in the blood.
The physician should also perform a comprehensive physical examination to rule out any organic causes of AD/HD symptoms, such as an overactive thyroid or vision or hearing problems.
As people with Down syndrome age, they also have an increased chance of developing a number of other medical difficulties, including cataracts, thyroid problems, diabetes, and seizure disorders.
Sometimes laboratory tests are performed to rule out other causes for the symptoms (like thyroid disease).
Hormonal problems, such as an over- or under-active thyroid may also be to blame.
Thyroid disease causes hair loss is some, and cancer patients often lose hair as a direct result of chemical treatments they receive.
In 2001, Jennifer was diagnosed with a thyroid condition that would complicate her ability to conceive without medical assistance.
Lupus, thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and other autoimmune disorders can decrease your fertility.
So is thyroid health, a key producer of natural body hormones.
A sluggish thyroid is suspected to contribute to thin, brittle hair, while a thyroid in overdrive may create limp, greasy-looking hair.
Many may be genetic and evolutionary, while others can relate to thyroid issues or autoimmune disorders.
The parathyroid is a gland located on your trachea and behind your thyroid gland.
Tyrosine is essential for making proteins as well as thyroid hormone and brain chemicals.
Zinc is needed for proper thyroid function as well as for blood clotting.
Kelp is high in iodine, which is essential for thyroid function, as well as iron, which is needed for proper function of the blood cells.
Weak, dull and thinning hair can be signs of health problems like a thyroid disorder, hormonal imbalance, polycystic ovarian syndrome and other illnesses.
Thyroid disease, for example, can trigger thinning hair, as can certain medications, chemical exposure and other health problems.
Thyroid function and electrolyte balance will be checked, along with liver, kidney, and pancreatic function.
Hypertension, thyroid problems, diabetes, and emotional instability are some of the conditions that would make it unsafe for a patient to use this drug.
For example, those with rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, type 1 diabetes, autoimmune thyroid disease or microscopic colitis may be more at risk than the average person.
The thyroid gland, which is located below the Adam's apple, produces hormones that help regulate metabolism.
If the thyroid is functioning properly, the regular release of hormones keeps your system functioning on a normal level.
When your thyroid doesn't produce the right amount of hormones, however, a condition known as under-active thyroid disease, or hypothyroidism, occurs.
Other causes of a slowed metabolism include a high intake of foods and drinks with a high sugar content, a thyroid gland that is under active and a lifestyle that is sedentary.
Those who fall into the thyroid category usually have trouble spots that tend to accumulate fat.
Should I undergo testing for a thyroid disorder?
Additionally, hormonal imbalances of the thyroid and pituitary glands can also affect your metabolism and require medical support.
Check with your doctor if you feel you suffer from disorders of the thyroid or pituitary glands.
A thyroid condition, shifting hormone levels and malnutrition may also contribute to this condition.
The effect of thyroid gland in such cases is marvellous, the child growing in body and becoming healthy and intelligent.
Iodine has a special interest, as it is a necessary constituent of food, and is present in the secretion of the thyroid gland.
The use of Tegretol with other anticonvulsants may change thyroid gland function.
Both develop in cells that produce thyroid hormones, but papillary cancer tends to grow slowly and is usually curable.
This paper will concentrate on basic physiology of the principle endocrine glands, the pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal glands.
In the case of the thyroid the function of the gland appears to be to prepare a secretion which is poured out into the blood and alters tissue-change.
When the thyroid tablets or extract of thyroid are given in too large quantities to patients suffering from myxoedema, the symptoms of myxoedema disappear, but in their place appear others indicative of increased metabolism and accelerated circulation.
When the thyroid is hypertrophied, as in Graves's disease, the same symptoms are observed, and these are probably due to increased secretion from the thyroid.
The whole of the secretion here is poured into the blood and not at all on to a mucous surface, and herein the thyroid gland differs largely from such glands as the pancreas or peptic and intestinal glands.
In the normal thyroid there is formed and stored up in the spaces this colloid material.
Under the influence of thyroid gland these symptoms all disappear, and the patient is frequently restored to a normal condition.
The larynx has the lateral sacculi well developed, though entirely concealed within the alae of the thyroid cartilage.
In the wasting of the thyroid gland in myxoedema, or when the gland is completely removed by operation, myxomatous areas are found in the subcutaneous tissue of the skin, nerve-sheaths, &c.
The part played by the thyroid body in the internal economy of the organism has also received much attention.
Hippocrates had no opportunity of verification by necropsy, and Sydenham ignored pathology; yet the clinical features of many but recently described diseases, such, for example, as that named after Graves, and myxoedema, both associated with perversions of the thyroid gland, lay as open to the eye of physicians in the past as to our own.
The thyroid gland, which is situated in front of the neck, yields a secretion which passes into the blood and there tends to maintain a state of moderate dilatation in the blood-vessels and of oxidization in the tissues, so that the circulation remains good and the body-heat and muscular activity remain well maintained.
Observations were made on the connexion between thyroid gland and myxoedema, which appeared to show that this disease was dependent upon atrophy of the gland.
When the thyroid gland is absent in children, not only is the expression of the face dull and heavy as in the adult, but the growth both of body and mind is arrested, and the child remains a stunted idiot.
One point must not be omitted, namely, the homogeny of the endostyle of Amphioxus and the thyroid gland of Craniata.