Thermal sentence example

thermal
  • There are important mineral and thermal springs in various parts of the island.
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  • We assume that each carbon atom and each hydrogen atom contributes equally to the thermal effect.
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  • At the receiving station the differences in these systems depend chiefly upon variations in the actual form of the oscillation detector used, whether it be a loose contact or a thermal, electrolytic or magnetic detector.
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  • It follows that the thermal effects stated above must be equal, i.e.
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  • The thermal G G detectors are especially useful for the purpose of quantitative measurements, because they indicate the true effective or square root of mean square value of the current or train of oscillations passing through the hot wire.
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  • Water has the highest thermal conductivity of any liquid.
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  • The thermal effect of the ether group has an average value of 34.3 1 calories.
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  • The name thermodynamics is given to that branch of the general science of Energetics which deals with the relations between thermal and mechanical energy, and the transformations of heat into work, and vice versa.
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  • Electric-radiative circuits like thermal radiators are divided into two broad classes, good radiators and bad radiators.
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  • Whilst this principle is undoubtedly applicable to the great majority of chemical actions under ordinary conditions, it is subject to numerous exceptions, and cannot therefore be taken (as its authors originally intended) as a secure basis for theoretical reasoning on the connexion between thermal effect and chemical affinity.
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  • The evidence for this view, that all these agencies are at bottom connected together and parts of the same scheme, was enormously strengthened during the latter half of the 19th century by the development of a relation of simple quantitative equivalence between them; it has been found that we can define quantities relating to them, under the names of mechanical energy, electric energy, thermal energy, and so on, so that when one of them disappears, it is replaced by the others to exactly equal amount.
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  • Thus, if we are treating of energy, we can separate out mechanical and electric and other constituents in it; and there will be a residue of which we know nothing except its quantity, and which we call thermal.
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  • This merely thermal energy - which is gradually but very slowly being restricted in amount as new subsidiary organized types become recognized in it - though transmutable in equivalent quantities with the other kinds, yet is so only to a limited extent; the tracing out of the laws of this limitation belongs to the science of thermodynamics.
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  • Although there have been some changes in the thermal energy in the park since 1871, there has been no appreciable diminution.
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  • Even after taking into account thermal expansion, they wondered where the extra water was coming from.
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  • However, thermal discomfort has been shown to affect the general well-being of people.
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  • Cabela's 100% Cotton Thermal Henley is made from long-staple cotton making it soft and warm.
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  • Thermal scanners are used to track and locate possible paranormal activity.
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  • It's lined with 2mm neoprene, which is considered the highest standard in thermal insulation for aquatic activities.
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  • Wool felt has natural thermal regulating properties, which are responsible for keeping the feet cool during the summer.
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  • Available in a wide variety of colors, they boast an IGLOO outsole for easy walking, removable thermal liners, moisture-wicking linings and snow collars, to name but a few of its functional elements.
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  • Raised lettering or thermal inks are OK for most applications but sometimes tiny type fills in during the printing process.
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  • You can check out the various combinations of stocks and ink colors at your office supply store's print counter where they'll have catalogs of thermal and offset printed business card designs for you to view.
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  • This can prevent the rare occurrence of a crack or thermal stain.
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  • Long johns, or thermal underwear, generally cover a man from neck to ankle.
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  • The brand specializes in camisoles, daywear, thermal underwear and warm underwear.
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  • Odor control - The fabric of duofold thermal clothing is designed to help reduce odors.
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  • If you are more of a traditionalist when it comes to your choices in long underwear, Duofold also carries a line of thermal undergarments simply named Duofold Thermals.
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  • The thermal line is the lowest priced of the three lines and is designed for light physical activity.
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  • The thermal line for men women and children is more limited than the other lines though; they only offer a long sleeved top and ankle length bottoms.
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  • On these chains are the volcanoes and many thermal springs.
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  • But owing to the large thermal capacity of his calorimeter, the test, though sufficient for his immediate purpose, was not delicate enough to detect and measure the small deviations which actually exist.
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  • The value of B is determined by observing the latent heat, Lo = F"o - F'0, which gives B =B" - B' =L0+(s' - So)00+(n+r)copo - bpo+dho (45) This constant may be called the absolute latent heat, as it expresses the thermal value of the change of state in a manner independent of temperature.
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  • A great number of mineral springs and thermal waters are found in the Carpathians, many of which have become frequented watering-places.
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  • As far as the order to which he carried the approximations - which, however, were based on a simplifying hypothesis that the molecules influenced each other through mutual repulsions inversely as the fifth power of their distance apart--the result was that the equations of motion of the gas, considered as subject to viscous and thermal stresses, could be satisfied by a state of equilibrium under a modified internal pressure equal in all directions.
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  • In later memoirs Reynolds followed up this subject by proceeding to establish definitions of the velocity and the momentum and the energy at an element of volume of the molecular medium, with the precision necessary in order that the dynamical equations of the medium in bulk, based in the usual manner on these quantities alone, without directly considering thermal stresses, shall be strictly valid - a discussion in which the relation of ordinary molar mechanics to the more complete molecular theory is involved.
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  • Sorensen, carried out a careful investigation of the relation between the amount of chlorine, the total salinity and the specific gravity of sea-water of different strengths including an entirely new determination of the thermal expansion of sea-water.
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  • The thermal conductivity also diminishes as salinity increases, the conductivity for heat of sea-water of 35 per mille salinity being 4.2% less than that of pure water.
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  • In autumn the enclosed seas of high latitudes frequently present a thermal stratification in which a warm middle layer is sandwiched between a cold upper layer and a cold mass below, the arrangement being termed mesothermic (thaos, middle).
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  • The point of view which has now been gained enables us to interpret most of the thermal properties of solids in terms of molecular theory.
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  • There are two bathing establishments, one of which preserves remains of Roman baths, and a large military thermal hospital.
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  • The striking discovery was, in 1903, made by the same investigators that the spontaneous luminosity of radium gives a spectrum of a kind never before obtained without the aid of powerful excitation, electrical or thermal.
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  • The thermal coefficient of expansion of steel and concrete is nearly the same, otherwise changes of temperature would cause shearing stress at the junction of the two materials.
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  • In fact, small differences of composition or variations in thermal treatment during manufacture involve relatively large differences of quality.
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  • A good many years later he was entrusted by the committee of the British Association on standards of electric resist ance with the task of deducing the mechanical equivalent of heat from the thermal effects of electric currents.
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  • Whether you are looking for a great, long lasting thermal base layer for snowboarding or simply need a pair of long underwear to keep you warm during the cold winter nights, Duofold offers a wide range of products to suit any lifestyle.
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  • Long underwear is also often referred to thermal underwear due to its heat retaining qualities.
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  • Price Grabber - This online discount retailer has a lot of great deals on thermal clothing by Fruit of the Loom.
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  • The Fruit of the Loom brand name long underwear has one of the longest, most well respected and trusted reputations when it comes to thermal clothing.
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  • When it comes to keeping warm, whether you're working or playing out in the cold weather, you can bet that thermal underwear bearing the Fruit of the Loom label is up to the task of keeping your body warm as the temperatures outside drop.
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  • Made of a super-soft, lightweight printed cotton knit thermal, these pajamas hours a graphic all-over cowboy themed print.
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  • You can purchase the matching long-sleeved thermal top for $24.00, or opt for the bottoms of the same name and price.
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  • These days, you will find that they are more commonly called long underwear or thermal underwear.
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  • Jockey for men features thermal long johns with matching tips that fit everyone's budget.
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  • Offering an advanced contour design, one that was actually made from body scans of real men, this thermal heavyweight long john provides a body-hugging fit without restriction.
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  • Thermal bodysuits can be layered underneath items to wear out-of-doors.
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  • Outersports also features warm thermal underwear that can be worn either as pajamas or a base layer, depending upon your needs.
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  • The team uses special surveillance cameras that are able to shoot up to 300 feet in complete darkness, thermal imaging cameras and several devices to monitor temperature and humidity changes.
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  • The following table gives the electric conductivities of a number of metals as determined by Matthiesen, and the relative internal thermal conductivities of (nominally) the same metals as determined by Wiedemann and Franz, with rods about 5 mm.
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  • With uniform temperature, taking h constant in the gas-equation, dp / dz= =p / k, p=poet/ k, (9) so that in ascending in the atmosphere of thermal equilibrium the pressure and density diminish at compound discount, and for pressures p 1 and 1, 2 at heights z 1 and z2 (z1-z2)11?
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  • In 1846 he began experiments on the temperature of the earth at different depths and in different soils near Edinburgh, which yielded determinations of the thermal conductivity of trap-tufa, sandstone and pure loose sand.
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  • Towards the end of his life he was occupied with experimental inquiries into the laws of the conduction of heat in bars, and his last piece of work was to show that the thermal conductivity of iron diminishes with increase of temperature.
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  • Forbes was also interested in geology, and published memoirs on the thermal springs of the Pyrenees, on the extinct volcanoes of the Vivarais (Ardeche), on the geology of the Cuchullin and Eildon hills, &c. In addition to about 150 scientific papers, he wrote Travels through the Alps of Savoy and Other Parts of the Pennine Chain, with Observations on the Phenomena of Glaciers (1843); Norway and its Glaciers (1853); Occasional Papers on the Theory of Glaciers (1859); A Tour of Mont Blanc and Monte Rosa (1855).
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  • In 1836 he communicated to the Association a report on the subject of mineral and thermal waters.
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  • In 1837 he visited the United States, and acquired there the materials for papers on the thermal springs and the geology of North America, read in 1838 before the Ashmolean Society and the British Association.
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  • Remains of a Roman thermal establishment exist near the principal spring, the so-called Lago della Regina (which is continually diminishing in size owing to the deposit left by the water), and dedicatory inscriptions in honour of the waters have been found.
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  • At the base is a thermal spring, where baths have existed since the 7th century.
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  • In the vicinity of many of these mountain lakes thermal springs, with remarkable curative properties, are to be found.
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  • Since many of these thermal springs possess great medicinal value, Japan may become one of the worlds favorite health-resorts, There are more than a hundred spas, some hot, some cold, which, being easily accessible and highly efficacious, are largely visited by the Japanese.
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  • The best known mineral springs are the alkaline springs of Rohitsch and Gleichenberg, the brine springs of Aussee, and the thermal springs of Tiiffer, Neuhaus and Tobelbad.
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  • The graphical representation of the properties of alloys can be extended so as to record all the changes, thermal and chemical, which the alloy undergoes after, as well as before, solidification, including the formation and breaking up of solid solutions and compounds.
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  • It is the business of that science to find out what is the greatest amount of thermal energy that can possibly be recoverable into organized kinds under given circumstances.
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  • If we rest on the synthesis here described, the energy of the matter, even the thermal part, appears largely as potential energy of strain in the aether which interacts with the kinetic energy associated with disturbances involving finite velocity of matter.
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  • Aix has thermal springs, remarkable for their heat and containing lime and carbonic acid.
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  • The thermal springs are fabled to have been discovered as early as 762, but the first authentic mention of the baths occurs in the 16th century.
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  • There are two thermal springs in the vicinity, and undeveloped mines of sulphur and silver.
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  • Electromagnetic voltmeters may therefore be thermal, electromagnetic or electrodynamic. As a rule, electromagnetic voltmeters are only suitable for the measurement of relatively small potentials - o to 200 or 300 volts.
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  • Numerous forms of hot-wire or thermal voltmeter have been devised.
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  • For our immediate purpose these considerations are of importance inasmuch as they bear on the question how far the spectra emitted by gases are thermal effects only.
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  • When, for instance, we observe the relation of the gas contained in a Plucker tube through which an electric discharge is passing, there can be little doubt that the partition of energy is very different from what it would be in thermal equilibrium.
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  • As there is undoubtedly a connexion between thermal motion and radiation, the energy of these electrons within the atom must be supposed to increase with temperature.
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  • Hence a part of what must be included in thermal energy is not simply proportional to temperature as is commonly assumed.
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  • On the whole it seems probable that the system of moving electrons, which according to a modern theory constitute the atom, is not directly concerned in thermal radiation which would rather be due to a few more loosely connected electrons hanging on to the atom.
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  • The fact that the gases with which we are most familiar are not rendered luminous by being heated in a tube to a temperature well above a white heat has often been a stumbling block and raised the not unreasonable doubt whether approximately homogeneous oscillations could ever be obtained by a mere thermal process.
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  • The spectra experimented on by Paschen were band spectra, but as these split up into fine lines the possibility of homogeneous radiation in pure thermal oscillation may be considered as established.
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  • Argon is contained in the gases liberated by many thermal springs, but not in special quantity.
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  • It is cut in the volcanic plateau, and its ragged broken walls, which are inclined at very steep angles, are of a richness of colouring that almost defies description, a colouring that is produced by the action of the thermal springs, at the base of the canyon, upon the mineral pigments in the lava.
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  • These variations in the properties of iron are brought about in part by corresponding variations in mechanical and thermal treatment, by which it is influenced profoundly, and in part by variations in the proportions of certain foreign elements which it contains; for, unlike most of the other metals, it is never used in the pure state.
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  • Osmond showed that the wonderful changes which thermal treatment andthe presence of certain foreign elements cause were due to allotropy, and from these and like teachings have come a rapid growth of the use of the so-called " alloy steels " in which, thanks to special composition and treatment, the iron exists in one or more of its remarkable allotropic states.
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  • Thermal Treatment.-The hardening, tempering and annealing of steel, the chilling and annealing of cast iron, and the annealing of malleable cast iron are explained readily by the facts just set forth.
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  • But in addition there is another very important principle underlying many of our thermal processes, viz.
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  • The thermal conductivity of the substance is the constant ratio of the rate of transmission to the temperature gradient.
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  • To take the simple case of the " wall " or flat plate considered by Fourier for the definition of thermal conductivity, suppose that a quantity of heat Q passes in the time T through an area A of a plate of conductivity k and thickness x, the sides of which are constantly maintained at temperatures B' and 8".
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  • In this case it is generally more convenient to consider as unit of heat the thermal capacity c of unit volume, or that quantity which would produce a rise of one degree of temperature in unit volume of the soil or substance considered.
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  • No calorimetric observations are required, but the results are obtained in terms of the thermal capacity of unit volume c, and the measurements give the diffusivity klc, instead of the calorimetric conductivity k.
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  • He thus found nearly the same rate of variation for the thermal as for the electric conductivity.
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  • The thermal capacity and electrical conductivity were measured at various temperatures on the same specimens of metal.
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  • Neglecting the external heat-loss, and the variation of the thermal and electric conductivities k and k', we obtain, as before, for the difference of temperature between the centre and ends, the equation O, Tho z Go = C 2 R1/8qk = ECl/8qk = E 2 k'/8k, (11) where E is the difference of electric potential between the ends.
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  • Moreover, the variation of thermal conductivity with temperature is small and uncertain, whereas the variation of electrical conductivity is large and can be accurately determined, and may therefore be legitimately utilized for eliminating the external heat-loss.
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  • By similar reasoning the thermal conductivity of a gas should be independent of the density.
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  • Near Valencia on the Puerto Cabello railway are the Las Trincheras thermal springs.
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  • The thermal capacity of a body is measured by the quantity of heat required to raise its temperature one degree, and is necessarily proportional to the mass of the body for bodies of the same substance under similar conditions.
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  • The specific heat of a substance is sometimes defined as the thermal capacity of unit mass, but more often as the ratio of the thermal capacity of unit mass of the substance to that of unit mass of water at some standard temperature.
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  • The two definitions are identical, provided that the thermal capacity of unit mass of water, at a standard temperature, is taken as the unit of heat.
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  • The Method of Mixture consists in imparting the quantity of heat to be measured to a known mass of water, or some other standard substance, contained in a vessel or calorimeter of known thermal capacity, and in observing the rise of temperature produced, from which data the quantity of heat may be found as explained in all elementary text-books.
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  • Among minor difficulties of the method may be mentioned the uncertainty of the thermal capacity of the calorimeter and stirrer, and of the immersed portion of the thermometer.
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  • The ratio of the times of cooling is equal to the ratio of the thermal capacities of the calorimeter and its contents in the two cases.
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  • The methods depending on change of state are theoretically the simplest, since they do not necessarily involve any reference to thermometry, and the corrections for external loss of heat and for the thermal capacity of the containing vessels can be completely eliminated.
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  • The thermal capacity of the scale-pan, &c., can be determined by a separate experiment., or, still better, eliminated by the differential method of counterpoising with an exactly similar arrangement on the other arm of the balance.
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  • For This Reason The Definition Of The Thermal Unit Will In The End Probably Be Referred To A Scale Of Temperature Defined In Terms Of A Standard Platinum Thermometer.
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  • The Well Known Experiments Of Regnault And Wiedemann On The Specific Heat Of Gases At Constant Pressure Agree In Showing That The Molecular Specific Heat, Or The Thermal Capacity Of The Molecular Weight In Grammes, Is Approximately Independent Of The Temperature And Pressure In Case Of The More Stable Diatomic Gases, Such As 112,02, N2, Co, &C., And Has Nearly The Same Value For Each Gas.
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  • The Ideal Atomic Heat Is The Thermal Capacity Of A Gramme Atom In The Ideal State Of Monatomic Gas At Constant Volume.
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  • Nickel is used for the manufacture of domestic utensils, for crucibles, coinage, plating, and for the preparation of various alloys, such as German silver, nickel steels such as invar (nickel, 35.7%; steel, 64.3%), which has a negligible coefficient of thermal expansion, and constantan (nickel, 45%; copper, 55%), which has a negligible thermal coefficient of its electrical resistance.
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  • Asia Minor is remarkable for the number of its thermal and mineral springs.
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  • The 3rd series (1833) he devoted to discussion of the identity of electricity derived from various sources, frictional, voltaic, animal and thermal, and he proved by rigorous experiments the identity and similarity in properties of the electricity generated by these various methods.
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  • Of other papers in which he dealt with this and kindred branches of physics may be mentioned "Observations with a Rigid Spectroscope," "Heating of a Disc by Rapid Motion in Vacuo," "Thermal Equilibrium in an Enclosure Containing Matter in Visible Motion," and "Internal Radiation in Uniaxal Crystals."
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  • The watering-places divide themselves, according to the temperature of the waters, into cold and thermal, and according to the composition of the waters, into purgative saline, indifferent saline, sulphur and iron.
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  • Simple thermal waters are those which contain only a very small quantity of solids, and owe their efficacy chiefly to their temperature.
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  • Thomson (afterwards Lord Kelvin) investigated the effect of the curvature of the surface of a liquid on the thermal equilibrium between the liquid and the vapour in contact with it.
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  • When a liquid is in thermal and dynamical equilibrium with its vapour, then if p' and x' are the values of p and x for the vapour, and po and Xo those for the liquid, x' - xo=JL - p(I/p' - I/pc),.
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  • Lord Kelvin has applied the principles of Thermodynamics to determine the thermal effects of increasing or diminishing the area of the free surface of a liquid, and has shown that in order to keep the temperature constant while the area of the surface increases by unity, an amount of heat must be supplied 275 to the liquid which is dynamically equivalent to the product of the absolute temperature into the decrement of the surface-tension per degree of temperature.
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  • The observations Bacteria g 5' of Downes and Blunt in 1877 left it uncertain whether the bactericidal effects in broth cultures exposed to solar rays were due to thermal action or not.
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  • Another discussed conduction in curved sheets; a third the distribution of electricity in two influencing spheres; a fourth the deter mination of the constant on which depends the intensity of induced currents; while others were devoted to Ohm's law, the motion of electricity in submarine cables, induced magnetism, &c. In other papers, again, various miscellaneous topics were treated - the thermal conductivity of iron, crystalline reflection and refraction, certain propositions in the thermodynamics of solution and vaporization, &c. An important part of his work was contained in his Vorlesungen fiber mathematische Physik (1876), in which the principles of dynamics, as well as various special problems, were treated in a somewhat novel and original manner.
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  • Besides the ordinary springs, mineral and thermal springs are found in several places.
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  • It has some importance as a thermal station, and the springs were used by the Romans.
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  • Beneath these layers are masses of salter water, through which a thermal wave of small amplitude is slowly propagated to the bottom by conduction.
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  • The range produces no minerals, but there are a considerable number of good mineral springs, some of which are thermal (such as Bagni di Lucca, Monte Catini, Monsummano, Porretta, Telese, &c.), while others are cool (such as Nocera, Sangemini, Cinciano, &c.), the water of which is both drunk on the spot and sold as table water elsewhere.
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  • On the east the broad valley of Jezreel is full of magnificent springs, many of which are thermal.
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  • But his name will always be associated with the thermal effects at junctions in a voltaic circuit.
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  • The most important are, the alkaline springs of Carlsbad, Marienbad, Franzensbad and Bilin; the alkaline acidulated waters of Giesshiibel, largely used as table waters; the iron springs of Marienbad, Franzensbad and of Pyrawarth in Lower Austria; the bitter waters of Piillna, Saidschitz and Sedlitz; the saline waters of Ischl and of Aussee in Styria; the iodine waters of Hall in Upper Austria; the different waters of Gastein; and lastly the thermal waters of Teplitz-SchOnau, Johannisbad, and of Rcmerbad in Styria.
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  • Mineral and thermal springs are numerous, but none is of more than local fame.
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  • This succession of melting and freezing, with their accompanying thermal effects, goes on until the two blocks are cemented into one.
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  • The method appears to be open to the objection that the difference of temperature reached in so long an interval would be more or less independent of the thermal 0 0 .20 h ?1 capacities of the calorimeters, and would also be difficult to measure accurately with a thermocouple under the conditions described.
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  • This would necessitate chemical action at the junction when a current passed through it, as in an electrolytic cell, whereas the action appears to be purely thermal, and leads to a consistent theory on that hypothesis.
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  • In Thomson's theory it is expressly assumed that the reversible thermal effects may be considered separately without reference to conduction.
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  • Thomson therefore had recourse to Paris, and for a year worked in the laboratory of Regnault, who was then engaged in his classical researches on the thermal properties of steam.
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  • This involves the expenditure of a quantity of work W, the amount in any particular case being found by the equation W = Q2 - Q I, where W is the work, expressed by its equivalent in British thermal units; Q2 the quantity of heat, also in B.Ther.U., given out at the higher temperature T2; and Q i the heat taken in at the lower temperature T1.
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  • It is evident that the discharged heat Qz is equal to the abstracted heat Q ', plus the work expended, seeing that the work W, which causes the rise in temperature from T 1 to Tz, is the thermal equivalent of the energy actually expended in raising the temperature to the level at which it is rejected.
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  • Radar and thermal image coverage was decent, indicating the vamps were mainly gathered in one spot.
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  • She grabbed a pair of thermal underwear from her drawer and pulled them on with shaking hands.
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  • The dissociated molecules can undergo thermal reactions with neighboring surface atoms or with other adsorbates.
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  • Ascent occurs ahead of a surface warm anomaly warm advection (Laplacian of the thermal advection ).
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  • Curie Temperature The temperature above which thermal agitation is sufficient to randomize the orientation of magnetic grains & destroy any previous common alignment.
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  • This includes a wide range of thermal and laser anemometry and gas chromatography.
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  • Thermal instability of the compounds with large anions is a function of the polarizing power of the cation.
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  • Daily variable demands on electricity and cooling can be balanced to achieve a relatively constant demand for power and thermal output around-the-clock.
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  • Some CPU cooling fans can cost as much at 7.00 is they have ball bearings and thermal sensors.
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  • The power density at the core of a fast breeder reactor is more than four times higher than that in a thermal reactor.
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  • Now, by teaming up with AEA to add a protective coating, the thermal resistance of these parts can be enhanced still further.
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  • Developed new technique for the determination of the thermal heat transfer coefficients [2] .
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  • To better understand why air temperature alone is not a valid indicator of thermal comfort, see the six basic factors.
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  • The use of silicon allows precise micromachining of components with well defined thermal conductance.
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  • The measurement of thermal diffusivity by laser flash is an alternative way of determining the thermal conductivity of liquid alloys.
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  • We will now revisit the anisotropic thermal conductivity of quartz.
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  • The low conductivity of char will cause a steep thermal gradient across the char layer.
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  • I doubt that decapod crustaceans do not have thermal receptors.
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  • There are thermal overload cutouts fitted to many machines.
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  • Furthermore, high quality thermal fuses safeguard against costly equipment failure caused by potentially destructive power surges.
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  • Evaluation of the magnitude of such losses is important for determining thermal noise levels in bonded suspensions for gravitational wave detectors.
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  • Bounty hunters also have thermal detonators, which are useful for blowing up objects.
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  • This must be of a material which is opaque to thermal infra-red; the approximate dimensions are 13mm length by 5mm diameter.
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  • Draw up an action list How can you reduce the risk of thermal discomfort?
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  • Both of these new features are designed to improve thermal dissipation.
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  • Attachment is with self tapping screws to avoid thermal distortions of the type induced in the present surface by spot welding.
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  • Thermal electric drills are more standard for warmer ice.
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  • All properties have gas fired central heating, cavity wall insulation and uPVC windows to give a high level of thermal efficiency.
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  • The scheme utilizes passive and active principles, ranging from thermal walls and glazed southerly elevations, to solar panel technology.
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  • The principal axes of the thermal ellipsoid can be obtained from the U values via a principal axes transformation.
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  • The staggered heating cycle was designed to ensure thermal equilibrium was achieved.
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  • This material has excellent thermal properties and is virtually everlasting.
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  • Lower bound solutions are obtained for the maximum thermal shock that the plate can sustain without catastrophic failure according to two distinct criteria.
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  • This warm, stylish bed cat bed is made from thermal Sherpa fleece fabric with the Danish Design paw print motif.
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  • This work attempts to uncover the thermal transport processes in metallic foams.
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  • There is also a thermal fuse on the heating element chamber.
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  • The thermal and electrical field distribution in the waveguide of any electrode geometry can be determined.
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  • Then, of course, there is the thermal imaging goggles used in some of the darker sections of the gameplay.
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  • The thermal neutron fluence rate can be measured at the customer?s premises using gold foils as the transfer standard.
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  • I reckon I may even be able to lower this as I only used low grade thermal grease!
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  • There is also a Thermal Suite comprising herb sauna, crystal steam room and salt grotto.
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  • High Massh thermal mass means it stores heat from the sun.
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  • The bunker diesel exhaust was positioned beside a chalet chimney to deceive thermal imaging!
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  • For example, poor thermal inertia could be due to a poorly packed frost layer.
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  • After we introduced thermal inkjet, we began experimenting with the imaging capabilities of the device.
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  • The use of asbestos for thermal insulation was banned in 1986.
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  • The panels have high thermal performance, with cellulose insulation (recycled newspaper) well exceeding Building Regulations.
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  • Ask children for their ideas as to how we could investigate which materials would make the best thermal insulators.
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  • The air gap creates a thermal insulator with the third layer enabling all the moisture to escape at its own rate.
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  • The Technical Service can calculate U-values for external roofs and walls to assist in selecting Knauf insulating laminates to meet thermal insulation targets.
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  • These thermal waters dissolving limestone well had extended the narrow fissures into cave passages through thousands of years.
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  • With high-density PCM thermal storage technology, it may be possible for a condensing fireless steam locomotive to be developed for extended operating range.
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  • People as well as thermal manikins can detect heat loss changes on local body parts.
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  • Its high thermal mass means it stores heat from the sun.
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  • Read Stress caused by thermal mismatch, to see the benefits of using compliant joints where possible.
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  • The main problems which affect growth of GaN on Si are those of thermal expansion mismatch, and of lattice mismatch.
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  • In the space of only a few nanoseconds, a great deal of magnetic energy is converted into the thermal energy of the plasma.
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  • Once thermal neutrons have been produced, then nuclear fission may begin to occur.
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  • Consider wearing bed socks and a nightcap, as well as thermal underwear and a warm nightdress or pjamas.
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  • Replace thermal paste with one supplied, attach new wire, screw new cooler in place.
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  • At higher temperatures the increased thermal vibrations cause the permittivity to drop again.
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  • Cameron discussed the various project ideas with us such as thermal photovoltaics.
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  • These enhanced doors use polyamide thermal break technology and are designed to accept glass units up to 32mm thick.
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  • This warm, stylish bed cat bed is made from thermal sherpa fleece fabric with the Danish Design paw print motif.
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  • Our range covers virtually every thermal transfer printer available from every manufacturer - too numerous to list.
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  • Preventing RSI The thermal wrist protector is a great way to combat RSI.
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  • The new cellulose insulation can both absorb and release water vapor without significant loss of thermal resistivity.
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  • There are the spa resorts of Banya with its open air pool and Hisar which offer thermal treatments.
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  • Breathable thermal underwear, a fleece jacket and a wind and waterproof shell jacket and overtrousers suit most walkers.
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  • Thermal comfort is represented by a graph showing, for ranges of temperature, the number of days each range is exceeded.
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  • Axial internal stresses due to thermal expansion mismatch and cure shrinkage were taken into account, but radial stresses were ignored.
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  • The Blue Lagoon is a thermal spa, not far from Reykjavik.
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  • There is a state-of-the-art spa fed by thermal waters from springs.
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  • In addition, careful choice of critical components ensures high thermal stability.
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  • Thanks to features like image subtraction, two thermal images can have the temperature of each pixel subtracted from each other.
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  • The high thermal conductivity of the pan acts to rapidly thaw most items.
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  • However, as we have seen in our first example of the sandcastle, it has much wider implications than the purely thermal case.
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  • Thermal efficiency overall thermal efficiency overall thermal efficiency is around 30% .
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  • At low temperatures, there is not enough thermal energy available to allow torsion angle changes, so the conformation becomes frozen in.
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  • The process must be carefully controlled to maintain complete oxidation but to minimize thermal NOx formation, which is itself, a pollutant.
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  • Thermafleece should overlap the wall insulation to avoid thermal bridging at the eaves.
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  • Yo Bubble Feet Treat Give your feet a treat after a hard week with these massaging and invigorating thermal wraps.
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  • Use to close cavities at openings, to prevent thermal bridging.
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  • Tests have shown that the CoolEffect provides very effective thermal barriers on refrigerated doorways.
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  • We impose an artificial change in the thermal forcing and inject a tracer into the NW Atlantic.
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  • It's quite easy to set the tester up to show thermal runaway in germanium transistors.
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  • Ideally PVC frames should be used in order to reduce thermal transmittance.
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  • At such low stiffness the bead held in the optical tweezers necessarily exhibits large amounts of thermal motion.
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  • Non thermal effects by category These may be divided into at least twelve major categories of effect.
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  • Board sailors - a Winter steamer or Dry Suit with appropriate thermal undergarments.
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  • The use of vapor permeable underlay to improve the thermal performance of the roof will inevitably change the roof ventilation requirements.
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  • I couldn't find my thermal underwear, I was in a hurry!
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  • You can forget about Global Warming and start digging out those thermal undies for year-round wear, and ice-fishing may become the new craze.
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  • The same applies for thermal insulation materials which use urea and formaldehyde.
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  • This can be done by hard facing, thermal spraying or chemical vapor deposition.
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  • Therefore our results show that the fossil record indicates that the impact of Chixculub did not generate sufficient thermal power to ignite extensive wildfires.
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  • For very accurate work it is desirable that the base-plate, the slide and the scale should be of nickel steel, having the same thermal coefficient of expansion as glass.
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  • Helium is contained almost universally in the gases which bubble up with the water of thermal springs.
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  • His data for the thermal conductivity of various metals were for long the most trustworthy at the disposal of physicists, and his determination of the ohm in terms of the specific resistance of mercury showed remarkable skill in quantitative research.
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  • Hence the coherer type of detectors are called potential detectors whilst the thermal are called integral current detectors, the current detectors depending entirely or to some extent upon the damping of the train of oscillations, that is to say, upon the number of oscillations forming a train.
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  • Engine efficiency depends upon many variable factors, such as the cut-off, the piston speed, the initial temperature of the steam, the final temperature of the steam, the quality of the steam, the sizes of the steam-pipes, ports and passages, the arrangement of the cylinders and its effect on condensation, the mechanical perfection of the steam-distributing gear, the tightness of the piston, &c. A few values of the thermal efficiency obtained from experiments are given in Table XXI.
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  • The actual thermal efficiencies observed in some of the cases cited in Table XXI.
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  • The thermal efficiency of a steam-engine is in general increased by carrying out the expansion of the steam in two, three or even more stages in separate cylinders, notwithstanding the inevitable drop of pressure which must occur when the steam is transferred from one cylinder to the other during the process of expansion.
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  • Berthelot's notation defines both initial and final systems by giving the chemical equation for the reaction considered, the thermal effect being appended, and the state of the various substances being affixed to their formulae after brackets.
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  • To the right-hand member of the equation he then adds the number expressing the thermal effect of the reaction, heat-evolution being as before counted positive, and heat-absorption negative.
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  • As has already been stated, the heat of formation of a compound is the amount (expressed in thermal units) by which its intrinsic energy exceeds or falls short of that of the elements which enter into its composition.
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  • Hence we may classify ammeters into (1) Thermal; (2) Electromagnetic, and (3) Electrodynamic instruments.
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  • If twelve grammes of amorphous carbon be burnt to carbon dioxide under constant volume, the heat evolved (96.96 cal.) does not measure the entire thermal effect, but the difference between this and the heat required to break down the carbon molecule into atoms. If the number of atoms in the carbon molecule be denoted by n, and the heat required to split off each atom from the molecule by d, then the total heat required to break down a carbon molecule completely into atoms is nd.
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  • The thermal effects of the common organic substituents have also been investigated.
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  • If we regard the thermal effect at each junction as a measure of the potential-difference there, as the total thermal effect in the cell undoubtedly is of the sum of its potentialdifferences, in cases where the temperature coefficient is negligible, the heat evolved on solution of a metal should give the electrical potential-difference at its surface.
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  • From 1861 onwards he devoted much attention to the question of diathermancy in gases and vapours, especially to the behaviour in this respect of dry and moist air, and to the thermal effects produced by the condensation of moisture on solid surfaces.
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  • According to Maxwell, priority in showing the necessity for slipping over the boundary rests with Reynolds, who also discovered the cognate fact of thermal transpiration, meaning thereby that gas travels up the gradient of temperature in a capillary tube, owing to surface-actions, until it establishes such a gradient of pressure (extremely minute) as will prevent further flow.
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  • The accumulator, which is similar in principle to the thermal storage system of Druitt Halpin, is a closed vessel completely filled with water, which condenses the excess of steam during the winding period, and becoming superheated maintains the supply to the turbine when the main engine is standing.
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  • It has been denied by some that pure thermal motion can ever give rise to line spectra, but that either chemical action or impact of electrons is necessary to excite the regular oscillations which give rise to line spectra.
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  • This is equal to the product of the thermal capacity of the element, cgdx,, by the rate of rise of temperature dO/dt, together with the heat lost per second at the external surface, which may be written hpodx, if p is the perimeter of the bar, and h the heat loss per second per degree excess of temperature 0 above the surrounding medium.
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  • High accuracy filter radiometers are used in thermal and optical metrology, for temperature measurements, photometry, and derivation of spectral emission.
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  • There are the Spa resorts of Banya with its open air pool and Hisar which offer thermal treatments.
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  • The talk also focused on selected topics of current interest, including the effect of thermal noise on bifurcation to convection and spatiotemporal chaos.
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  • Live webcams, thermal satellite images, and animated snap-shots capture scenes of spewing ash and red-hot lava flow.
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  • Thermal efficiency Overall thermal efficiency is around 30 %.
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  • In addition, due to cast iron 's high degree of thermal conductivity, hot water does not hold its temperatures for very long.
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  • Police chiefs have now ordered a consignment of thermal underwear for officers who are feeling the cold.
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  • It does not address issues of thermal comfort in the workplace.
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  • Usually caused by abnormal thermal expansion in the combustion chamber.
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  • These are all approximately in thermal equilibrium, the small deviations from which produce the weather.
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  • We then headed back to the hotel to get togged up in our thermal gear.
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  • Thermal Hydraulics & Nuclear Engineering (25 lectures) Heat transfer by conduction, application to fuel elements.
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  • I could n't find my thermal underwear, I was in a hurry !
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  • Thermal updrafts lifted them quickly, but the fast rises were followed by equally fast falls.
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  • Thermal underwater vents create thousands of bubbles which rise to the surface at popular Champagne.
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  • Nylon and thermal synthetics work well in colder climates since they tend to keep body heat in.
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  • Include a thermal blanket in case temperatures drop unexpectedly.
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  • Check out Reusable Bags thermal bags for keeping cold foods cold.
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  • Solar water heaters need to be fitted by a thermal engineer who can also give advice as to the best system to use, taking into account local climatic conditions.
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  • This thermal expansion is increasing due to warmer global temperatures, and accounts for approximately half of sea level rise.
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  • These tubes are named thermal collectors.
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  • These thermal collectors circulate water through a space, which in turn, heats the air in that specific area.
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  • Direct gain is best achieved with thermal mass such as stone, rock or concrete flooring.
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  • Isolated gain comes from a sunroom specifically designed to have thermal mass to collect radiant heat from the sun.
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  • A passive solar design will regulate the amount of sunlight allowed into the home for optimum thermal mass absorption.
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  • The thermal mass, typically brick, concrete or stone flooring and walls, absorbs the heat during the day and then gradually releases it into the home during the night.
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  • Solar power has many advantages for both light and thermal uses in many industries and applications around the world.
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  • This includes such resources as biomass, fuel cells, hydro, solar, wind, tidal waves and thermal forms of harnessing the earth's natural elements.
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  • You can also buy a thermal wrap for your water heater to keep it from losing heat for more energy savings.
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  • This is especially desirable when using thermal curtains for added insulation.
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  • A thermal shirt, long underwear and warm socks are all a must!
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  • Thermal drapes are made with heavier fabrics and have an inner liner to help keep air from passing through.
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  • In the summer, thermal drapes help block sunlight and keeps heat from entering the room.
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  • Adding Martha Stewart thermal drapes to your bedroom can help block the outside so you can sleep in late.
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  • It comes in several colors, as well as a thermal version.
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  • You can still enjoy the benefits of a homemade cold frame while also employing principles of thermal mass.
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  • Aluminum is a thermal conductor, so in cold weather heat will drain out through the sash, as moisture will condense on interior surfaces.
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  • Better quality aluminum windows have thermal breaks that separate the interior and exterior surfaces of the window.
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  • Insulating material is rated based on its R-Factor, a function of thermal resistance, or the ability of the medium to insulate against heat loss.
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  • The heat gives off subtle infrared rays which produce thermal energy to heat the floor.
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  • It includes a thermal waffle-knit top and flannel draw cord pants made from 100% cotton.
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  • You may not be asked to join an elite squad of Japanese fighters, but when wearing a thermal ninja suit, you'll certainly be full of vim and fight in any weather.
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  • Perhaps one of the most interesting images of this kind is on the cotton rib thermal called BK Bridge.
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  • From printed henley and thermal shirts to boisterous t-shirts and patterned woven shirts, you'll find something even if you prefer to stay on the conservative side of loud.
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  • Cotton and thermal knit are the most popular fabrics used for these shirts but they can also be done in a blend of cotton and polyester.
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  • Cabela's Pine Ridge Henley is made from a heavy thermal waffle knit and has a four button placket.
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  • They can even double as a top for pajamas or thermal underwear.
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  • These thermal socks are made from a blend of wool, nylon and spandex and are cushioned all over to make them feel great in any pair of boots.
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  • Heavy-weight fleece - Creates a warm thermal layer and is a perfect insulator for extremely cold weather.
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  • Try the Classic Red Long Thermal Knit Henley plus size nightgown by Dreams & Co. This nightgown is available at One Stop Plus and is perfect for a cool winter's night.
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  • Thermal Ablation Palatoplasty (TAP) is a collection of surgeries used to treat obstructive sleep apnea.
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  • Thermal Ablation Palatoplasty (TAP) involves different approaches to restructuring the soft tissues in the back of the mouth and in the throat area.
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  • Infrared goggles can work by amplifying the light until it's detectable or by thermal imaging, where warmer objects show up in the line of vision while cold ones do not.
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  • Sometimes you can use them and be completely undetectable while other night vision goggles will give off a red glow and greater thermal visibility.
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  • The TIG Thermal Infrared Binocular-Goggle System offer incredible vision.
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  • There are several products that offer thermal night vision, including some night vision goggles that are available today.
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  • Thermal vision allows you to see where a living body is in your range regardless of the time of day or weather conditions.
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  • With thermal vision, you can see a rhino in the distance or you can see a burglar or arsonist outside of a dimly lit building structure.
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  • Thermal vision serves many purposes, from wildlife conservation to law enforcement and even surveillance.
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  • Most thermal vision goggles or binoculars are fairly compact for ease of use and also offer adjustable focus and selectable polarity.
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  • You get thermal lenses, a removable visor, foam interior, and more.
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  • Empire E-Vent Thermal Paintball Goggles in Blue are $89.95.
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  • A marksman who has a sniper rifle, blaster pistol, thermal detonator, auto turret dispenser and recon druid.
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  • The composites made by mixing cork granules and cement have low thermal conductivity, low density and good energy absorption.
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  • Your initial layer should be light, thermal underwear.
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  • They provide outstanding thermal insulation and are easy to transport and use.
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  • Long underwear such as thermal or Under Armor to cover both upper and lower body.
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  • The thermal regulation centers of the brain help to maintain the body's internal temperature.
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  • The thermal regulating centers in the brain help the body adapt to high temperatures by adjusting the amount of salts (electrolytes) in the perspiration.
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  • Treatment of chemical or electrical burns is slightly different from the treatment of thermal burns but the objectives are the same.
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  • The first act of thermal burn treatment is to stop the burning process.
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  • A physician may be able to neutralize the offending chemical with another before treating the burn like a thermal burn of similar severity.
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  • Thermal burns are often received from electrical appliances.
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  • The Regis DesignLine includes products for straight or curly hair, repairing damaged hair, volumizing, smoothing, hydrating, thermal protection, and styling, including mousses and spray for finishing a gorgeous style.
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  • Biolage also produces a number of other hair care products, including spritz, hair spray, mousse, curl-defining formulas, thermal protection formulas, and shine products to help hair look its best without heavy chemicals.
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  • After your hair is dry, spray on a heat protective product, such as TRESemme Thermal Creations Heat Tamer Protective Spray - this will help minimize any potential damage.
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  • Before using a heat styler, however, use a thermal protection hair product that will protect your hair from burning and split ends.
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  • Spray on a thermal protectant before styling your hair with appliances such as blow dryers, curling irons, and flat irons.
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  • When using heat implements like blow dryers, curling irons, and flat irons, spray a thermal protectant such as Aquage Beyond Body Thermal Spray to protect your hair from damage.
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  • Some inspectors use an infrared camera for thermal imaging as part of their inspection.
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  • The best thermal imaging is achieved when there is a large temperature difference between the inside and outside of the home.
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  • Thermal imaging uses infrared rays to locate variations in heat.
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  • Will they use thermal imaging or moisture meters?