The-rock sentence example
The local folks call this spot the writing on the rock.
She glanced around at the rock outcroppings.
She stared up at Bordeaux, whose attention was focused on the rock above them.
He removed his hand and they moved back against the rock wall of lava that swirled over them.
She flattened against the rock wall as she heard the horse scramble down into the ravine a little way down from her.Advertisement
Bordeaux stepped from behind the rock and called to the Indians.
She slid down the rock and joined them, casting a sour look at Bordeaux as she brushed by him.
As the baby of the three, he'd always been the rock star among them.
He took Damian outside to the rock where he and kiri had watched the stars once long ago and set him down.
They inched forward, one behind the other, hands at their sides lest they rub the slime of the rock walls that wept on either side.Advertisement
She called out, louder and more frantically this time, her voice echoing against the rock.
When they approached the area known as The Drinking Cup, the road narrowed and barely clung to the rock wall, a breath-gulping overhang hundreds of feet above the river.
She joined the Germans and other backpackers in an Irish dance as the cigarette smoke thickened and the rock band grew louder.
She leaned against the wall, eyeing the distance from her position to the rock on which Rhyn sat.
The desert was flat, the rock formations and canyons plentiful.Advertisement
The Uncompahgre Gorge, a deep and narrow cut in the rock of the San Juan Mountains, hugged in its confines, a river of the same name.
Later, the serendipitous drippings were augmented by additional piping, carrying excess water to spray even more surface of the rock walls.
I can't imagine trying to sleep with just a couple of little steel pegs hammered into the rock the only thing holding me from a couple of thousand foot drop!
Sofi leaned against the rock.
Right over here on the rock that tripped you.Advertisement
Her father had discovered the rock cluster shortly after he bought the land.
Carmen glanced up from the rock she had placed and nodded.
Lift the far side of the rock toward you.
Then she carefully pulled the rock toward her as he had instructed.
A back door opened off the kitchen and she descended the rock slab steps to the yard.Advertisement
They are small grottos cut in the rock.
On the whole it is most likely that the Temple was erected by Solomon on the same spot as is now occupied by the Dome of the Rock, commonly known as the Mosque of Omar, and, regard being had to the levels of the ground, it is possible that the Holy of Holies, the most sacred chamber of the Temple, stood over the rock which is still regarded with veneration by the Mahommedans.
Diodorus says that the rock at the back of the palace containing the royal sepulchres is so steep that the bodies could be raised to their last resting-place only by mechanical appliances.
At the verge of the rock on the western side is the old baronial castle, erected by King John in 1185, which was the residence of the bishops till the 14th century.
There are some twenty smaller species in Australia and Tasmania, besides the rock wallabies and the hare kangaroos; these last are wonderfully swift, making clear jumps 8 or io ft.
Owing to the rough seas sweeping over the Fastnet, the conditions are such that any ordinary submarine cable would be broken by the wearing action of the waves at the rock boundary in a very short time.
The older road crossed the back of the promontory at the foot of which Terracina stands; in imperial times, probably, the rock was cut away perpendicularly for a height of 120 ft.
The basal cell has less chlorophyll than the others, and is expanded and fixed firmly to the rock on which the plant grows by the basal surface, rh, thus forming a rudimentary rhizoid.
Some human bones found on this hill when the town waterworks were built in 1855 have been placed in a chamber in the top of the canopy over the Rock.
To the south of the castle is St Robert's chapel, an excavation in the rock constructed into an ecclesiastical edifice in the reign of Richard I.
It contains several cisterns, excavated in the rock.
The lower fort lies at the eastern base of the rock and measures about half a mile in diameter.
It is probable that the limpet takes several years to attain full growth, and during that period it frequents the same spot, which becomes gradually sunk below the surrounding surface, especially if the rock be carbonate of lime.
But by laying bare in 1884 the upper stratum of remains on the rock of Tiryns (q.v.), Schliemann made a contribution to our knowledge of prehistoric domestic life which was amplified two years later by Chr.
In the middle ages it was a strong fortress defending the confines of Piedmont towards Liguria, but the fortifications on the rock above the town were demolished in 1800 by the French, to whom it had been ceded in 1796.
Their principal use is to give a sharp jar to the drill on the upstroke so that the bit is dislodged if it has become jammed in the rock.
Rockford is the see of a Roman Catholic bishop. In and near the city there are two hospitals and three sanatoriums. Manufacturing is facilitated by good water-power, supplied by a dam across the Rock river about 800 ft.
Among the monuments of this age discovered in the surrounding districts are the rock hewn tombs of Spata, accidentally revealed by a landslip in 1877, and the domed sepulchre at Menidi, near the ancient Acharnae, excavated by Lolling in 1879.
They consist of chambers of various sizes, some of which were evidently human habitations, together with cisterns, channels, seats, steps, terraces and quadrangular tombs, all cut in the rock.
Some of the rock chambers originally intended for tombs were afterwards converted, perhaps under pressure of necessity, into habitations, as in the case of the so-called " Prison of Socrates," which consists of three chambers horizontally excavated and a small round apartment of the " beehive " type.
Close to it are a series of steps hewn in the rock which connect with those discovered in 1886 within the Acropolis wall.
Farther east is an underground passage leading eastward to a cave supposed to be the sanctuary of Aglaurus where the ephebi took the oath; with this passage is connected a secret staircase leading up through a cleft in the rock to the precinct of the Errephori on the Acropolis.
A Doric colonnade with a double row of columns was found to have extended along the base of the Acropolis for a distance of 54 yds.; behind it in a chamber hewn in the rock is the sacred well mentioned by Pausanias.
The colonnade was a place of resort for the patients; a large building close beneath the rock was probably the abode of the priests.
The plan is that of the conventional Roman theatre; the semicircular auditorium, which seated some 5000 persons, is, like that of the Dionysiac theatre, partly hollowed from the rock.
The poor harbour called the "port," protected by a breakwater, has been cut out of the rock (shingle).
The remains are principally of Norman date, and an unusual feature of the stronghold is the existence of various subterranean chambers in the rock.
In the rock of Dore Holm is a natural archway, 70 ft.
They were certainly originally stone-quarries, and the hardness of the rock has made the construction practicable of wide, lofty of corridors and spacious halls, very unlike the narrow galleries and contracted chambers in the Roman cemeteries.
Here, too, the graves run endways into the rock.
The ceilings have the representation of beams and rafters cut in the rock.
When freshly exposed the rock is soft, but by the action of rain and sea it becomes covered with a hard crust.
The surface is often remarkably honeycombed, and the rock weathers into pinnacles, pillars and arches of extraordinary shapes.
Where a mantle of soil covers the rock it is generally thin but very fertile.
The early printed editions of Pliny erroneously named the discoverer Obsidius, and the rock obsidianus.
Rhyolitic lavas frequently are more or less vitreous, and when the glassy matter greatly predominates and the; crystals are few and inconspicuous the rock becomes an obsidian; the chemical composition is essentially the same as that of granite; the difference in the physical condition of the two rocks is due to the fact that one consolidated at the surface, rapidly and under low pressures, while the other cooled slowly at great depths and under such pressures that the escape of the steam and other gases it contained was greatly impeded.
Few obsidians are entirely vitreous; usually they have small crystals of felspar, quartz, biotite or iron oxides, and when these are numerous the rock is called a porphyritic obsidian (or hyalo-liparite).
As the rock was highly viscous and the surface over which it moved was often irregular the motion was disturbed and fluctuating; hence the sinuous and contorted appearance frequently assumed by the banding.
Even when conspicuous and well formed crystals are not visible in the rock there is nearly always an abundance of minute imperfect crystallizations (microlites, &c.).
Often bands of spherulites alternate with bands of pure glass, a fact which seems to indicate that the growth of these bodies took place before the rock ceased to flow.
These surround little spherules of glass which are detached when the rock is struck with a hammer.
These globular bodies are, in fact, merely the more coherent portions of a perlite; the rest of the rock falls down in a fine powder setting free the glassy spheres.
The appearance of the rock on Sipylus gave rise to the story of Niobe having been turned to stone.
A fine belfry (12th, 13th and 15th centuries) commanding the town is built on the terrace, beneath which are hollowed in the rock the oratory and hermitage of St Emilion, and adjoining them an ancient monolithic church of considerable dimensions.
It is probable that the Ottadeni built a fort or camp on the rock on which Edinburgh Castle now stands, which was thus the nucleus around which, in course of time, grew a considerable village.
Remains of a Roman theatre, of an amphitheatre, of an aqueduct which entered the town by the Porte Taillee, gate cut in the rock below the citadel, and an arch of a former Roman bridge, forming part of the modern bridge, are also be seen.
The Umgeni quarries, where the rock is used for road-metal, furnish the best exposures.
It may be due partly to the natural conformation of the rock and the differences of level, partly to the necessity of enclosing within a single building several objects of ancient sanctity, such as the mark of Poseidon's trident and the spring that arose from it, the sacred olive tree of Athena, and the tomb of Cecrops.
In the north portico a square hole in the floor, with a corresponding hole in the roof above it, must have given access to another sacred object, the mark of Poseidon's trident in the rock.
Of the stage nothing but cuttings in the rock for foundations are visible.
Not far off to the south-east is the amphitheatre, probably erected by Augustus when he founded a colony at Syracuse; it is partly cut in the rock and partly built.
Cuttings in the rock for the foundations of such are numerous round the south edge of Temenites and Achradina, and are to be seen at various points near the city wall.
The process continues but is checked by the existence of the rock barrier which stretches across the Semliki.
In order to lessen the cost of handling the rock-filling, the excavation sometimes takes the form of inclined working-places, parallel to the slope naturally taken by the rock when dumped from above into the working 7 -,, , --,, ?
The city has 95 acres of boulevards and avenues under park supervision and several fine parks (17, with 307 acres in 1907), notably Washington (containing Calverley's bronze statue of Robert Burns, and Rhind's "Moses at' the Rock of Horeb"), Beaver and Dudley, in which is the old Dudley Observatory - the present Observatory building is in Lake Avenue, south-west of Washington Park, where is also the Albany Hospital.
The only fairly complete anthropoid statue known is the much-defaced " Niobe " at Suratlu Tash, engaged in the rock behind.
Without exception the rock inscriptions have proved to be Numidic. In two of the islands (Teneriffe and Gomera) the Guanche type has been retained with more purity than in the others.
This is derived from the sap of the rock or sugar maple (Ater saccharinum), a large tree growing in Canada and the United States.
Moreover where there was no transport or solution of the soil thus produced it would necessarily show some similarity in composition to the rock on which it rested.
In many parts of the country soils exhibiting such relationships, and known as sedentary soils, are prevalent, the transition from the soil to the rock beneath being plainly visible in sections exposed to view in railway cuttings, quarries and other excavations.
In many districts the soil is manifestly unconnected in origin with the rock on which it rests, and differs from it in colour, composition and other characters.
As fast as the rock of a cliff is weathered its fragments are washed to the ground by the rain, and carried down the slopes by small streams, ultimately finding their way into a river along which they are carried until the force of the water is insufficient to keep them in suspension, when they become deposited in the river bed or along its banks.
On the stiff soils overl y ing the chalk it was formerly the custom to dig pits through the soil to the rock below.
The cuneiform inscriptions are on the rock pinnacles above the town, with some rock chambers, indicating a town or fortress of the Vannic period.
Other towns of Tunisia are, on the east coast, Nabeul, pop. about 5000, the ancient Neapolis, noted for the mildness of its climate and its pottery manufactures; Hammamet with 37 00 inhabitants; Monastir (the Ruspina of the Romans), a walled town with 5600 inhabitants and a trade in cereals and oils; Mandiya or Mandia (q.v.; in ancient chronicles called the city of Africa and sometimes the capital of the country) with 8500 inhabitants, the fallen city of the Fatimites, which since the French occupation has risen from its ruins, and has a new harbour (the ancient Cothon or harbour, of Phoenician origin, cut out of the rock is nearly dry but in excellent preservation); and Gabes (Tacape of the Romans, Qabis of the Arabs) on the Syrtis, a group of small villages, with an aggregate population of 16,000, the port of the Shat country and a depot of the esparto trade.
A few of those at the east end are hewn in the rock.
The fortifications consist of the upper fortress, on a lofty serpentine rock rising abruptly from the plain on three sides, and of the lower fortress at the northern base of the rock.
Some remains of the town walls still exist, and also two ancient bridges, both belonging to the Via Clodia, and many tombs hewn in the rock - small chambers imitating the architectural forms of houses, with beams and rafters represented in relief.
The site of the town is partly occupied by the village of Kapraena; the ancient citadel was known as the Petrachus, and there is a theatre cut in the rock.
Most of it was made, by bursting the rock by means of wooden wedges, through the solid granite, and its outside parapet was supported by walls of brick resting on ledges far below.
The Norman walls are so darkened and weathered that, from a little distance, they seem a part of the rock itself.
Where fresh the rock is soft, but where it has been exposed to the action of the sea it is covered by a hard crust and often loses all trace of stratification.
The soluble phosphates washed out of the guano may become fixed by entering into combination with the elements of the rock beneath.
The conquest of the mainland was speedily effected, though Gaeta, Reggio and the rock of Scylla held out for some months.
The graves themselves were mere shafts sunk in the rock.
Calcium carbonate, CaCO 3, is of exceptionally wide distribution in both the mineral and animal kingdoms. It constitutes the bulk of the chalk deposits and limestone rocks; it forms over one-half of the mineral dolomite and the rock magnesium limestone; it occurs also as the dimorphous minerals aragonite (q.v.) and calcite (q.v.).
Through a cleft in the rock a ray of light falls upon Iseult's face, Mark stops up the crevice with his glove (or with grass and flowers), and goes his way, determined to recall his wife and nephew.
Cleavage is thus a superinduced structure, and its explanation is to be found in the rearrangement of the minerals, and the development of a certain degree of crystallization by pressure acting on the rock.
The action of pressure is shown also by the fossils which sometimes occur in slates; they have been drawn out and distorted in such a way as to prove that the rock has undergone deformation and has behaved like a plastic mass.
Pressure will also tend to produce an expansion of the rock mass in a direction (usually nearly vertical) at right angles to the compression, for such rocks as slates are distinctly plastic in great masses.
This mica has developed in the rock as it was folded and compressed.
The crumpled bands mark the bedding, and the fine perpendicular striae in front are the cleavage planes; the fine lines on the darkened side merely represent shadow, and must not be taken for planes of division in the rock.
When the rock is much removed from the surface, or inconveniently situated for open workings, it is quarried in underground chambers reached by levels driven through the intervening mass and across or along the beds.
Or it may be necessary to sink shafts as in coal-pits before the rock is arrived at, but the cost of doing so forms a serious drawback.
When blasting is resorted to, advantage is taken of the natural cuts or joints, as the rock is readily thrown or worked off these.
The eastern or broad end is occupied by the town of Kronstadt, and shoals extend for a mile and a half from the western point of the island to the rock on which the Tolbaaken lighthouse is built.
In New England also a wellestablished drainage undoubtedly prevailed in preglacial times; but partly in consequence of the irregular scouring of the rock floor, and even more because of the very irregular deposition of unstratified and stratified drift in the valleys, the drainage is now in great disorder.
There is another tunnel at lower level, which belongs to an earlier date; this seems to have been in use till the construction of the Roman road, which at first ran round the rock on the outside, until Vespasian cut the tunnel.
The most striking part of the Jain remains at Gwalior is a series of caves or rock-cut sculptures, excavated in the rock on all sides, and numbering nearly a hundred, great and small.
The face is perpendicular and where the rock is naturally less precipitous it has been scarped.
The old town of Gwalior, which is of considerable size, but irregularly built, and extremely dirty, lies at the eastern base of the rock.
The meeting-halls go back into the rock about twice as far as the dwelling-halls; the largest of them being 941 ft.
On the rock of a human character, ennobled by faith in his divine Sonship, he could raise the church of the future, which should be at the same time continuous with the old, new in spiritual power, one in worship and in work.
Fossil corals fix the geological age of the rock.
Artificial soffioni are sometimes prepared by boring through the rock until the fissures are reached, and the water so obtained is occasionally sufficiently impregnated with boric acid to be evaporated directly.
Excavations made in1884-1885by Schliemann and DOrpfeld over part of the rock on which Tiryns stood have exposed a most interesting building, which offers the most complete example of a palace of the Mycenaean age in Greece.
The lowest and middle divisions have not yet been excavated; the upper part at the south end of the rock was completely exposed in1884-1885by Schliemann and Dorpfeld, and the almost complete plan of the various structures clearly made out.
When it was necessary to account for this position, theologians quoted the text of the Gospels, where St Peter is represented as the rock on which the Church is built, the pastor of the sheep and lambs of the Lord, the doorkeeper of the kingdom of heaven.
In this case, too, the Sicilian Vespers was the rock on which the hopes and pretensions of the sovereign of Naples suffered shipwreck.
The surrounding country is bare and stony, with carefully cultivated patches of rich red soil among the crevices of the rock.
Thus in the case of saxicolous lichens the mineralogical character of the rock has of itself little or no influence upon lichen growth, which is influenced more especially and directly by their physical properties, such as their capacity for retaining heat and moisture.
To the east of this is a large space, now open, but once very possibly roofed, and forming a basilica in two storeys, built against the rock on the north side, and there decorated with pilasters also; and to the east again is an apsidal hall, often identified with the temple itself, in which the famous mosaic with scenes from the Nile, now in the Palazzo Barberini on the uppermost terrace, was found.
Some early temples have also been found, and inscriptions cut on the rock recording the sacrifices known as Bovshrca.
At Acireale the lava has assumed the prismatic or columnar form in a striking manner; at the rock of Aci it is in parts spheroidal.
This cavity was filled with rubbish, sherds, &c., the latest of which was found to date as far back as the beginning of the Middle Minoan age, and the later work of 1908 only proved (by means of a small shaft sunk through the debris) that the rock floor was 52 ft.
In the rock beneath the city there are some remarkable catacombs in part of pre-Christian origin, but containing evidence of early Christian burial; and a grotto, reputed to have given shelter to the apostle, is pointed out below the church of San Paolo.
No sooner is the object of alarm scented or seen than each one seeks safety in the most inaccessible situations, which are often reached by a series of astounding leaps over crevasses, up the faces of seemingly perpendicular rocks, or down the sides of equally precipitous chasms. The chamois will not hesitate, it is said, thus to leap down 20 or even 30 ft., and this it effects with apparent ease by throwing itself forward diagonally and striking its feet several times in its descent against the face of the rock.
According to tradition an abbot of Aberbrothock (Arbroath) had ordered a bell - whence the name of the rock - to be fastened to the reef in such a way that it should respond to the movements of the waves, and thus always ring out a warning to mariners.
A strong wall once surrounded the town; a narrow neck of land exists on the east where the rock has been scarped.
Sea-bathing is insecure, and is confined to a few small coves, approached by tunnels hewn through the rock.
The Lincolns had removed from Elizabethtown, Hardin county, their first home, to the Rock Spring farm, only a short time before Abraham's birth; about 1813 they removed to a farm of 238 acres on Knob Creek, about 6 m.
Below the town and in the cliffs facing it the rock is hollowed into caverns accessible only by boat.
When cutting a passage in the rock a rough driftway was first made, the roof was smoothed, a red axis line was drawn along it, and then the sides were cut parallel to the axis.
In the interior is sunk in the rock a chamber 24X23 ft.
Akhenaton has been so consistently eclipsed by the later kings who destroyed his work, that the painted pavement and the rock tablets of Tell el Amarna are the only monuments of his still in position, beside a few small inscriptions.
The excavation of the rock temple of Abu Simbel and the completion of the great hail of Karnak were his greatest achievements in architecture.
To these troops their chief now made known the pashas orders to massacre all the Mamelukes within the citadel; therefore, having returned Final by another way, they gained the summits of the walls massacre and houses that hem in the road in which the Mameof the lukes were confined, and some stationed themselves Manic- upon the eminences of the rock through which that U es.
In the XIIth dynasty a gigantic tomb was cut in the rock by Senwosri (or Senusert) III.
Portions of two towers are on the very verge of the rock.
Where, on the other hand, the rock decays with smaller debris, the hills assume smoother contours, as in the slate hills running from the Kyles of Bute to Loch Lomond.
Where the rock projects it more usually appears in low crags and knolls, from which long trails of grey or purple debris descend till they are lost among the grass.
Sometimes this uniformity is attained by a general disintegration of the rock into fine debris, which rolls down the slopes in long screes.
The horizontal stratification of some of these masses gives them a curiously architectural aspect, further increased by the effect of the numerous vertical joints by which the rock is cleft into buttresses and recesses along the fronts of the precipices and into pinnacles and finials along the summits.
The cliffs vary in character according to the nature of the rock.
The blocks are often not quite rectangular, and the courses sometimes change; but the general tendency is horizontal and the walls are not of remote antiquity, the irregularities in them being rather due to the hardness of the material employed, the rock of the hill itself.
This canal provides, with the Illinois & Michigan canal and the Illinois river, an improved waterway from Chicago to the Mississippi river, and greatly increases the commercial and industrial importance of the "twin cities" of Sterling and Rock Falls, where the Rock river is dammed by a dam nearly 1500 ft.
Then follow grave warnings - generous towards others, you must be strict with yourselves; only the good can truly do good; hearers of these words must be doers also, if they would build on the rock and not on the sand.
The only side from which the rock can be ascended is the east; the other sides being for the most part perpendicular, and generally presenting lofty columnar forms, though not so regular as those of Staffa.
When John Keats was in Girvan during his Scottish tour in 1818 he apostrophized the rock in a fine sonnet.
A flat surface was formed partly by smoothing off the rock and partly by the erection of huge terrace walls which rise to a height of over 50 ft., enclosing a roughly rectangular area of 235 by 115 yds.
On the Rock of St George stands the castle built by the Genoese in 1542, on the area of the old cathedral and now used as a military prison.
These cisterns are bell-shaped or bottle-shaped excavations, with a narrow circular shaft in the top, hollowed in the rock and lined with cement.
As seen from the rock of Ghulgulah, Bamian, with its ruined towers, its colossi, its innumerable grottos, and with the singular red colour of its barren soil, presents an impressive aspect of desolation and mystery.
It has usually been formed by the decomposition in situ of the rock on which it rests, but it is often broken up and re-deposited elsewhere.
On the other hand, the names of Greeks and kings of Grecian dynasties appear in the rock inscriptions, under Indian forms.
The present name is derived from Bellum Quadrum, a descriptive appellation applied in the middle ages either to the château or to the rock on which it stands.
Briinnow thinks that " the rock " in question was the sacred mountain en-Nejr (above); but Buhl suggests a conspicuous height about 16 m.
The road entering it from the south-west is deeply cut in the rock.
In 1900 a group of tombs cut in the rock was examined; they are outside the farther mound and ditch, and belong, therefore, to the period after the second extension of the city.
It often fills cracks and fissures in the rock.
Dr Jackson in 1903 climbed to the ledge of the rock and was able to collate the lower part of the four large Persian columns; he thus convinced himself that Foy's conjecture of arstam (" righteousness") for Rawlinson's abistam or abastam was correct.
Others are cut in the rock and are Etruscan.
In 1897 the corporation further acquired the rights over the Rock Ferry and the New Ferry at the southern end of the town.
The tomb chambers are either hewn in the rock or covered by mounds.
One especially, the Grotta dei Bassirilievi, has interesting reliefs cut in the rock and painted, while the walls of another were decorated with painted tiles of terracotta.
Although thus a place of great antiquity, the history of the town practically centres in that of the successive fortresses on the Rock of Dumbarton, a twin-peaked mount, 240 ft.
On the summit of the rock stands a citadel built by Vincentello d'Istria (see Corsica).
When the rock has been separated from the amalgam by a washing operation, the quicksilver is recovered by distillation in an iron retort, and the remaining crude retortsilver melted into bars and shipped to a refinery, which removes the impurities, the leading one of which is copper.
On the eastern side the slope is so abrupt as to make ascent difficult and at places impossible, but the western slope, on account of a dip of the rock to the N.W., is more gradual.
When the ice melted, the rock basins and the dammed-up valleys filled with water to produce lakes.
The terraces represent the out-cropping edges of hard sandstone layers included in the series of plateau sediments, and are named according to the colour of the rock exposed in the south-facing escarpments, the Pink Cliffs (highest), White Cliffs and Vermilion Cliffs.
Here are the rock of the siren Lurlei or Lorelei; the old castles of Stahleck and Pfalz, which belonged to the Counts Palatine of the Rhine; and the quaint medieval towns of Caub and St Goarshausen.
Every well has its own particular level of water while steady pumping at a given rate is going on, and if that level is lowered by harder pumping, it may take months, or even years, for the water in the interstices of the rock to accommodate itself to the new conditions; but the permanent yield after such lowering will always be less than the quantity capable of being pumped shortly after the change.
By this means the head of pressure in the boreholes tending to hold the water back in the rock is reduced, and the supply consequently increased; but when the cost of maintenance is included, the increased supply from the adoption of this method rarely justifies expectations.
If the strata were uniformly porous the water would lie in the rock at different depths below the surface according to the previous quantity and distribution of the rainfall.
A hill, as it were, of fresh water rested in the interstices of the rock upon the salt water, and continuing to press downwards, forced out the salt water even below the level of the sea.
Subject to the rock being porous this process would be continued until the greater column of the lighter fresh water balanced the smaller head of sea water.
Wherever the base of a puddle wall cannot be worked into a continuous bed of clay or shale, or tied into a groove cut in sound rock free from water-hearing fissures, the safest course is to base it on an artificial material at once impermeable and incapable of erosion, interposed between the rock and the puddled clay.
In other cases leakage and failure have arisen from allowing a part of the rock bottom or end of a puddle trench to overhang, as in fig.
In addition to defects arising out of the condition or figure of the rock or of artificial work upon which the puddle clay rests, the puddle wall itself is often defective.
It is obvious that experiments of the kind referred to cannot take into account all the conditions of the problem met with in actual practice, such as the effect of the rock at the sides of the valley and variations of temperature, &c., but deviations in practice from the conditions which mathematical analyses or experiments assume are nearly always present.
It should be impossible, in short, for any part of the rock beneath the dam to become charged with water under pressure, either directly from the water in the reservoir or from higher places in the mountain sides.
This action is obviously much reduced where the rock sides of the valley rise slowly; but in cases where the rock is very steep, the safest course is to face the facts, and not to depend for water-tightness upon the cementing of the masonry to the rock, but rather to provide a vertical key, or dowel joint, of some material like asphalt, which will always remain water-tight.
The water face, over the maximum depth at which that face cuts the rock foundations, is subject to a water-pressure of about 260 ft., while the height of the dam above the river bed is 163 ft.
Part of the rock is schist, but the greater portion limestone, similar in physical qualities to the Carboniferous limestone of Great Britain.
Great pains appear to have been taken to ascertain that the cavernous portions of the rock had been cut out and built up before the building was begun.
Its height from the rock bed is 64 ft., and it is subject during floods to a head of water not much less.
Its site had been determined by about 190 borings, probings and shafts, which, following upon the indications afforded by the rocks above ground, proved that the rock bed crossing the valley was higher at this point than elsewhere.
In many examples of apparent plasticity it can be shown that this effect has been produced by an infinite number of minute slippings within the rock substance.
The soil is calcareous; it was covered with scrub (chiefly the wild olive) until comparatively recent times, but this has been cut, and the rock is now bare.
A semicircular dwarf wall of good masonry runs round this peak, and a trench excavated in the rock may perhaps indicate the site of an altar.
The most valuable of these are the Fox, the Rock and the upper Wisconsin and its tributaries.
Wide boulevards traverse the west of the town, which is also rendered attractive by numerous fountains fed by a fine aqueduct hewn in the rock.
Harting informed the present writer that the bird seems to lay its head sideways on the ground, and then, grasping the limpet's shell close to the rock between the mandibles, use them as scissor-blades to cut off the mollusc from its sticking-place.
In 1880 and 1881 Schliemann cleared out the ruined dometomb of Orchomenus, finding little except remains of its beautiful ceiling; and in 1885, with DOrpfeld, he laid bare the upper stratum on the rock of Tiryns, presenting scholars with a complete ground plan of a Mycenaean palace.
Here too in a grotto near the town he for the first time celebrated the communion in the Evangelical Church of France, using a piece of the rock as a table.
Microscopic sections show that flint is very finely crystalline and consists of quartz or chalcedonic silica; colloidal or amorphous silica may also be present but cannot form any considerable part of the rock.
The magot or Barbary ape (Inuus ecaudatus), the sole species of monkey still found wild in Europe, is also a native of Spain, but only survives on the rock of Gibraltar (qv.).
The amphitheatre occupies a natural depression in the rock just below the acropolis, and open towards the sea with a fine view.
Aglauros and Heise disobeyed the injufiction, an&when they saw the child (which had the form of a snake, or round which a snake was coiled) they went mad with fright, and threw themselves from the rock of the Acropolis (or ere killed by the snake).
The third, John, became chaplain at Gibraltar, where he accumulated much material for a work on the natural history of the rock and its neighbourhood, and carried on a scientific correspondence, not only with his eldest brother, but with Linnaeus.
At both these falls the rock is sharp cut and the river maintains its level to the edge of the precipice.
When the river is high the water rolls over the main falls in one great unbroken expanse; at low water (when alone it is possible to look into the grey depths of the great chasm) the falls are broken by crevices in the rock into numerous cascades.
At a short distance above it some tunnels have been pierced in the rock below the canal level on either side of the Gerger.
Between the bridge and the Gerger opening and cut into the rock on which the western part of the citadel stands is a tunnel leading to a canal formerly called Darian, now Minab, i.e.
It is almost always more than would be the case if the rock consisted of kaolin mixed with muscovite.
There are some Roman tombs excavated in the rock.
Carmen enthused over the rock.
The shales yield crushed ammonites, but are best known for their high oil content, which gives the rock a distinct smell.
This 40 x 40 ft rock looks as if God took an ax and split the rock in half.
The adult barnacles are glued head down to the rock.
Buddhas carved from the rock.
Water filtering down through the rock has deposited calcite, gypsum, baryte and celestine in the cracks, sometimes as well-formed crystals.
If camping at the peaks, be careful to choose a campsite that is well away from the rock fall area.
Then he sat upon the rock to rest until the Turk recovered consciousness.
In igneous rocks, the potassium-argon " clock " is set the moment the rock first crystallizes from magma.
Of course, the golden cupola of the Dome of the Rock is the most famous landmark in the city.
We will not deface the rock by chopping or adding holds.
View of quarry looking west from the top of the rock escarpment, October 1936.
A direct finish from the niche may be possible but the rock looks rather fragile.
The winch hauling the rock uses the northern hemisphere 's largest electric motor - 7000 hp.
The angle of the sunlight cast the minor imperfections on the rock surface into relief.
He was then inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2002.
Among the kelp forests and the rock lobsters and the nudibranchs, spectral hulks cast eerie shadows.
Both have foundered on the rock of Serbian nationalism.
We also saw nudibranches, arrow crabs, sea anemones, the rock formations - nothing big.
After Mao performed obeisance and kowtows, he was considered adopted by the rock.
The rest of the album is given over to the rock opera ' Sorrow & Promise ' .
An international outcry saved the rock art for posterity.
The final ascent begins between giant lion's paws carved in the rock.
Bred to follow vermin into the rock piles, they are very athletic dogs.
A more recent shot taken from the car park area just visible in the picture below, in the distance behind the rock pinnacle.
Yet our Lord owned me here also, and the hammer of his word broke the rock of absolute predestination in pieces.
Being a gas radon can seep from the rock into the air.
There are, at this point, some rather ragged edges of the rock sides, caused probably by solution.
On the Rock of Ages founded, What can shake thy sure repose?
To the Rock Majority, however, mention of the eighties brings hushed reverence for who?
Step back in history as you explore the rock cut tombs and ancient Lycian sarcophagus.
This drawing shows a platform with two converging sewage channels running parallel to the rock scarp.
If you are a little spooked by the exposure, dont rush this, but concentrate on the rock.
We enjoy the sunset which creates a series of changing colors on the rock.
Someone else tried fifty-two years later but he couldn't get up the side of the rock and left in a foul temper.
At low water during neap tides hardly any part of the rock is visible.
Captain Popham, with a small detachment, stormed the rock fortress of Gwalior, then deemed impregnable and the key of central India; and by this feat held in check Sindhia, the most formidable of the Mahratta chiefs.
That they represent the Persepolis captured and partly destroyed by Alexander the Great has been beyond dispute at least since the time of Pietro della Valle.2 Behind Takhti Jamshid are three sepulchres hewn out of the rock in the hillside, the facades, one of which is incomplete, being richly ornamented with reliefs.
Rising above the Rock is Cole's Hill, where during their first winter in America the Pilgrims buried half their number, levelling the graves and sowing grain over them in the spring in order to conceal their misfortunes from the Indians.
In the pagan cemeteries, on the other hand, the sepulchral recess as a rule entered the rock like an oven at right angles to the corridor, the body being introduced endways.
The name is a corruption of Brugh or Burgh Tay, in allusion to the fortress standing on the rock that juts into the Firth.
Near the site are the rock reliefs of Yasili Kaya in two hypaethral galleries, showing, in the one, two processions composed of over sixty figures meeting at the head of the gallery; in the other, isolated groups of figures, fifteen in number (see for detailed description Murray's Guide to Asia Minor, 18 95, pp. 23 ff.).
The present name is derived from Bellum Quadrum, a descriptive appellation applied in the middle ages either to the chÃ¢teau or to the rock on which it stands.
In Homer they are two in number (in later writers generally three); their home is an island in the western sea between Aeaea, the island of Circe, and the rock of Scylla.
The main point, however, was that they flew, and flew swiftly, if a bit unevenly, toward the rock for which they had headed.
Hearing these words our friends turned in the direction of the sound, and the Wizard held his lanterns so that their light would flood one of the little pockets in the rock.
The stranger bent over him and looked at the picture he had made on the rock.
I did see the rock in Plymouth and a little ship like the Mayflower and the cradle that dear little Peregrine slept in and many old things that came in the Mayflower.
You can see many of the routes from the rime ice having been scrapped off the rock.
You could say that these are the rock version of the scissor sisters with their up-tempo feel good electro rock pop sound.
Flood waters had scoured out big, elliptical scallops in the rock.
Believing he was snagged on a rock I heaved on the rod and the rock heaved back !
Dewar 's soulful vocals really blend well with the rock riffs.
The plain is a general sunburned tawny color, the rock of the mountains is painted by distance to a lovely color like lavender.
Director Kevin Bray has clearly aimed the movie at The Rock 's core market of undemanding male teens.
Someone else tried fifty-two years later but he could n't get up the side of the rock and left in a foul temper.
The tortoiseshell tom watched her accusingly from the rock garden.
Then, shedding his tuxedo coat, he performed a driving version of the rock standard Knock on Wood.
I knew Steve was below and at the same time as hearing the rock hit the floor I heard Steve yelling in pain.
From far away, the opening of the cave looked like a mere aperture in the rock wall.
Sculptors chiseled out relief in the rock.
Well, the Rock fragrance is described as being "darker" and "more sultry" than the original.
The particular review for the Rock fragrance is fairly substantial, and while it does lack an editor's eye, it's very descriptive of the fragrance.
While these may not be exact matches for the Rock fragrance, they do mimic the fragrance's slight oriental midnote and "powdery' soft wear.
He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994.
The front man for the rock group U2 is also known for his humanitarian work in Africa and has worked to raise money to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.
U2 was inducted into the Rock 'n Roll Hall of Fame in 2005.
Moono lists a brief biography and links to news articles and gossip about the rock singer.
She is "discovered" by one of the rock stars who is working at the camp.
The answer to that question was that she was living her life with her husband, Jim Gillette from the rock band Nitro, and their two children, James and Rocco.
In 2008, Lita Ford decided to make a return to the rock and roll music that she loved so much.
The exquisite views of lover's beach and the rock formations are magnificent.
Rather, hot couples are free to roam the entire ship and make use of all of its amenities, including the rock climbing wall, fitness center, solarium and mini golf course.
Be sure to place a plastic lid beneath the rock as a coaster to protect the carpet.
O. vulgatum is a native Fern not often seen in gardens; found in most meadows; and the best position for it therefore is in colonies in the hardy fernery or the moist stiff soil in the rock garden.
They grow freely in borders of well-drained sandy loam, but their home is the rock garden.
A. squarrosa is the best-known species, thriving in free soil and sunny parts of the rock garden; they are more curious than attractive.
Although from the south of Europe they are hardy on the rock garden, but are apt to exhaust themselves in flowering.
Sea Bindweed (Convolvulus Soldanella) - A distinct trailing species with fleshy leaves; flowering in summer, pale red, and handsome in the rock garden, if planted so that its shoots droop over stones.
They are suitable for the mixed border, for the rock garden, or for naturalising.
It is of easy culture, succeeding in an ordinary border, though seen to best advantage on shady parts of the rock garden in a well-drained soil.
Both kinds flourish in dryish soil, on dry sunny parts of the rock garden.
It succeeds best in peaty or sandy soil, in sheltered shady nooks on well-drained parts of the rock garden.
For moist spongy spots near the rock garden, or by the side of a rill, it is one of the best plants, but its beauty is best seen when it is allowed to ramble over rich, muddy soil.
It may be used in the rougher parts of the rock garden, or in the wild garden, and is very hardy.
It is best in the rougher parts of the rock garden or for the wild garden, and grows well under trees or in under-wood.
It is a plant for the rock garden in free peaty soils.
In fine peat it grows well, and is best on the rock garden or among dwarf alpine shrubs.
A second variety, angustifolia, is one of the finest dwarf evergreens for the rock garden, of dense growth, perfect in shape, with neat dark green leaves.
Butterwort (Pinguicula) - These interesting dwarf bog-plants are pretty in the bog garden or moist spots in the rock garden.
Its flowers are large and blue-purple, the leaves broad, spreading flat upon the rock or soil.
It flourishes in sandy loam in the rock garden, and grows capitally on an old wall.
America. It succeeds in half-shady spots on the margin of the rock garden or bog, or in a select spot among choice shrubs in light, moist vegetable soil, covered with Cocoa fibre to keep the surface open.
Few alpine plants are more worthy of general culture, either in the rock garden or the mixed border, for the front of which it is well suited.
It is excellent for the rock garden, the mixed border, and is well suited for the margins of beds of shrubs.
Its hardiness is doubtful, and it should, therefore, be planted on sunny spots in the rock garden or on banks in light soil, and wintered in frames.
It does not possess the vigour of the other evergreen Iberises, but it is fitted for grouping with dwarf alpine flowers on warm parts of the rock garden in well-drained sandy loam.
Iberis Semperflorens - A shrubby plant, with dense corymbs of whit flowers, and not suited for border culture, though hardy enough to stand our winters when grown at the foot of a south wall or in a very sunny corner of the rock garden.
It has not, however, the hardiness of the white kinds, and perishes on heavy soils in winter; on light sandy soils in the rock garden it is pretty.
This beautiful "Catchfly" is not often seen even among the choicer alpines, while colonies of it in the rock garden are, rare.
They are excellent for the rock garden and the margins of a loamy border.
Centranthus - C. macrosiphon, a hardy Spanish annual of the Valerian order, with pretty rose-colored flowers, is useful for the rock garden or flower border.
It is hardy in warm, well-drained nooks of the rock garden, and is increased by cuttings.
The Nolanas are suitable for borders or for the rock garden, as they thrive in any warm open situation in good light soil.
It has a fine effect in rich deep soil in the rock garden, where its trailing stems can droop over the ledge of a block of stone.
Both are suitable for warm spots in the rock garden in loamy soils, but C. sibirica, also a dwarf species with pink flowers, requires a damp peaty soil.
It cannot be relied on as quite hardy, and requires a sheltered position, such as is afforded by a snug nook in the rock garden.
The plant grows well in a north aspect and in partial shade, but will also bear the sun in sheltered spots on the lawn or in the rock garden, where its tendency is to spread.
Europe. C. simplicifolia is an interesting, desirable, and free-growing subject for the rock garden; flowers rich yellow in June and July, on arching and drooping Laburnum-like racemes.
Easily grown in any soil, on open banks or sunny places in the rock garden.
It thrives in shady spots on the rock garden or the hardy fernery, in sandy peat.
In the open air these plants should have a warm spot in the rock garden.
Dragons-head (Dracocephalum) - Plants of the Sage family, among them a few choice perennials suitable for the rock garden or the mixed border, succeeding in light garden soil and increased by division or seed.
This grows all among the lower mountains and foothills, and in Britain is best on warm spots in the rock garden.
Best suited to sunny positions in the rock garden.
In light sandy soil of the rock garden it has never failed to bloom profusely.
All of them are easy to grow, and delight in gritty soil and a well-drained and sunny position on the rock garden.
It requires an exposed spot of very sandy or gritty loam in the rock garden, where it must be surrounded by a few small stones to guard it from drought, and it must be associated with alpine plants.
European species with scentless yellow flowers, is also a neat alpine, and so is E. rupestre, which is desirable for the rock garden.
It is, however, pretty and worth a place on open parts of the rock garden, in gravelly or gritty soil.
It is precious for bare spots in the rock garden or the margins of choice beds.
A fragile plant, 4 to 6 inches high, with broad leaves, it throws out long slender rhizomes, wholly above ground, and thrives in sandy earth, in borders, or on the rock garden.
One or two are best suited for the rock garden; of these, E. alpinum grandiflorum is the finest.
It is suitable for the rock garden, for borders, and for naturalisation amongst vegetation not more than 1 foot high, chiefly on banks and slopes in sandy loam, and is increased by division or seed.
It is hardy, and thrives in ordinary sandy soil in the rock garden.
It forms densely matted tufts in the open air, best perhaps on level spots in the rock garden.
It is hardy, and will be found most useful for