Tetanus Sentence Examples
Toxins may thus become so closely keyed into their corresponding atom groups, as for instance in tetanus, that they are no longer free to combine with the antitoxin; or, again, an antitoxin injected before a toxin may anticipate it and, preventing its mischievous adhesion, dismiss it for excretion.
It has undoubtedly been of value in many cases of tetanus, in which it must be given in maximal doses.
They also expressed the opinion that carbolic acid was a valuable agent in restraining tetanus growth when added to plague prophylactic, ' and they, therefore, thought that its omission was a grave mistake.
The effects of many of these toxins bear a close resemblance to the action of certain wellknown drugs, as in the case of tetanus toxin and strychnine, and are studied by the same methods of observation and research.
Such serums are injected subcutaneously in diphtheria, tetanus, streptococcic infections, plague, snake-poisoning, cholera and other similar diseases.Advertisement
Amongst these may be mentioned the neutralizing of the toxins in cases of diphtheria, tetanus and poisonous snake-bite; " serum therapeutics "; and treatment by " vaccines."
Of such are tetanus and diphtheria, now known to be due to the establishment from without of a local microbic infection, from which focus a toxin is diffused to the nervous matter.
Tetanus resembles strychnine poisoning, but the development of the symptoms in tetanus is usually much slower, death rarely occurring within 24 hours.
In strychnine poisoning trismus or lockjaw is generally secondary to spasm of the other muscles, while in tetanus it is usually the first symptom, no relaxation taking place between the spasms.
On the 6th of November 1902, nineteen persons who had been inoculated on the 30th of October in the village of Malkowal from a single bottle (labelled 53-n) of the new fluid were found to be suffering from tetanus, and all of them subsequently died.Advertisement
They found that the germ of tetanus had been introduced into the fluid before the bottle was opened at Malkowal, and they thought it probable that this might have occurred owing either to insufficient sterilization or to the process of filling the bottle from a larger flask having been performed with defective precautions.
The evidence showed that it had been much too readily believed that the tetanus germs had entered the fluid before the bottle was opened, and that a grave injustice had been done to Mr Haffkine.
Thus the organisms of suppuration, tubercle, glanders, diphtheria, typhoid fever, cholera, tetanus, and others were identified, and their relationship to the individual diseases established.
A later research by Brieger along with Fraenkel pointed to the extracellular toxins of diphtheria, tetanus and other diseases being of proteid nature, and various other observers have arrived at a like conclusion.
Thus in cholera the bacteria are practically confined to the intestine, in diphtheria to the region of the false membrane, in tetanus to some wound.Advertisement
In the lastmentioned disease even the local multiplication depends upon the presence of other bacteria, as the tetanus bacillus has practically no power of multiplying in the healthy tissues when introduced alone.
Thus in diphtheria changes in both nerve cells and nerve fibres have been found, and in tetanus minute alterations in the nucleus and protoplasm of nerve cells.
Wassermann and Takaki in the case of tetanus, that there do exist in the nervous system molecules with combining affinity for the tetanus toxin.
If, for example, the brain and spinal cord removed from an animal be bruised and brought into contact with tetanus toxin, a certain amount of the toxicity disappears, as shown by injecting the mixture into another animal.
Further, these molecules in the nervous system present the same susceptibility to heat and other physical agencies as does tetanus antitoxin.Advertisement
Natural immunity against toxins must be taken into account, and, if Ehrlich's view with regard to toxic action be correct, this may depend upon either the absence of chemical affinity of the living molecules of the tissues for the toxic molecule, or upon insensitiveness to the action of the toxophorous group. It has been shown with regard to the former, for example, that the nervous system of the fowl, which possesses immunity against tetanus toxin, has little combining affinity for it.
The only animal life reported from the lake has been some tetanus and other bacilli said to have been found in its mud; but this discovery has not been confirmed.
You have not had a tetanus shot for a while.
Immunizations, including tetanus boosters, should be current, and taking a regular multivitamin is a wise way to ensure good cruise travel health.
Students have to provide proof that they have been vaccinated against tetanus prior to starting classes.Advertisement
When you do get to witness what the PSP is pushing you'll find heavily detailed bad guys, desks with calendars, really rusty barrels (bring your Tetanus) and other richly polygonal landscapes and items.
Puncture wounds may require a tetanus shot to prevent serious infection.
Vaccinations are an effective method of preventing certain disease such as polio, tetanus, pertussis, diphtheria, influenza, hepatitis b, and pneumococcal infections.
The vaccine used in the United States is actually multiple diphtheria and tetanus toxoids combined with acellular pertussis (DTaP).
Tetanus, sometimes called lockjaw, is a disease caused by the toxin of Clostridium tetani.
Diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis, taken together, provides immunity against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough.
Children with diabetes or cancer who have not had a tetanus shot in five years or who have a medical problem that can increase susceptibility to infection should seek medical treatment no matter how minor the bite appears.
Removal of dead and damaged tissue (under local, regional, or general anesthetic) may be required after the wound has been washed, and any child whose tetanus shots are not up-to-date should receive a booster injection.
The child's record of tetanus immunization and general health status are checked.
The doctor will make sure that the patient is immunized against tetanus, which is routine procedure for any open wound.
Vaccinating a pregnant woman with tetanus toxoid can prevent tetanus in the baby at birth.
Possible causes include stroke, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, neurodegenerative diseases, trauma, spinal cord injury, and nervous system poisons such as strychnine, tetanus, and certain insecticides.
Tetanus, also called lockjaw, is a serious disease of the nervous system that can cause uncontrolled muscle spasms and death.
Tetanus occurs when the body is infected with spores of the bacterium C. tetani.
The bacteria that cause tetanus enter the body through a scrape, cut, or wound, in about 70 percent of cases.
In developing countries, newborns often contract tetanus from contaminated instruments used to tie off the umbilical cord after birth.
Any time between two and 50 days later (most commonly between days seven and 21 days), the individual begins to show the signs of tetanus.
With almost universal vaccination starting in the 1940s, tetanus has become rare in the United States.
The first sign of tetanus is a tightening of the jaw muscles that gives the disease its common name, lockjaw.
Tetanus is a medical emergency, and individuals should be taken to the emergency room as soon as symptoms are noticed.
About 75 percent of individuals with tetanus are first seen by a dentist or oral surgeon for pain and stiffness in the jaw and mouth region.
Diagnosis of tetanus is based on presenting symptoms rather than laboratory tests.
This is done with injections of human tetanus immunoglobulin (TIG).
Contracting tetanus does not provide immunity against future infections, so tetanus immunizations are also given.
Tetanus is completely preventable by immunization.
For children, vaccination against tetanus is normally included in a vaccine called DTaP that protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough (acellular pertussis).
The bacteria that cause tetanus are so common and the disease is so serious that protection against acquiring tetanus outweighs any risks associated with vaccination.
Body piercing also presents the risk of chronic infection, scarring, hepatitis B and C, tetanus, and skin allergies to the jewelry that is used.
The toxin associated with tetanus, for example, is attacked by IgG1 and IgG3 antibodies; reduced percentages of either immunoglobulin subclass on a child's cells will leave the child unprotected against that specific toxin.
At age 11 or 12, Td vaccine (tetanus and diphtheria) should be given if at least five years have elapsed since the last dose of DTaP.
A tetanus shot and, possibly, penicillin, are used to prevent infection, and the patient is given ibuprofen to combat inflammation.
The pertussis vaccine, most often given as one immunization together with diphtheria and tetanus, has greatly reduced the incidence of whooping cough.
Diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) vaccine-The standard vaccine used to immunize children against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough.
Other infectious diseases from animal bites include cat-scratch disease, tetanus, and rabies.
The child has not had a tetanus shot or booster within the past five years.
The Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTaP) vaccine is also administered to infants, and it once contained trace amounts of thimerosal.
However, most forms go further than that and also provide fields for the date of the last Tetanus Booster as well as any past medical problems.
The date of the child's last Tetanus shot should also be included on the form.
Ideally he should have been previously vaccinated fully against tetanus but if not he can receive antiserum at the time of castration.
Where tetanus has become established, antibodies are used to work against the poison (known as tetanus antitoxins ).
Tetanus is caused by a Gram-positive bacillus, Clostridium tetani.
Both nurses are trained to give Travel immunisations and tetanus boosters.
The vaccine is designed to prevent diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B and polio.
My son, despite having an impressive gash on his back was young enough for his baby tetanus vaccine to still be valid.
Previously immunized mares should receive a booster one month before foaling to ensure colostral antibody protection against tetanus in the newborn foal.
This is achieved by treatment with intravenous tetanus immunoglobulin.
The mare should be vaccinated against tetanus and equine influenza 4 weeks prior to foaling.
The following day, he was electively intubated for airway protection and started on treatment for possible tetanus and herpes encephalitis.
Make sure your tetanus jabs are up to date.
Tetanus (sometimes called lockjaw) is a bacterial disease that affects the nervous system.
Everybody knows that tetanus is a deadly disease, due to an extremely powerful neurotoxin Clostridium tetani produces.
Bacteria getting into the body through a wound, or through injecting drugs cause tetanus.
For the developing world tetanus is a major challenge with a high mortality among all age groups.
They may also be complicated by a range of bacterial infections including tetanus.
I might bleed too much, stain my bedclothes, get tetanus, have a poorly healing open wound or any number of nasties.
Rare symptom that may progress to generalized tetanus with similar risks.
What should I do if I think my horse has tetanus?
In addition, neonatal tetanus kills 200,000 infants in the first month of life every year - nearly a quarter of these in India.
Sudden cardiac death is a feature of severe tetanus.
The second tetanus type is traumatic tetanus, which is also referred to in England as " lockjaw " .
He stated that death from idiopathic tetanus was rare in this country and that ordinary tetanus in this country was traumatic tetanus.
Investigation of the neuronal aggregate generating seizures in the rat tetanus toxin model of epilepsy.
Using the tetanus toxin model we have identified some aspects of the seizures.
Presentation Tetanus toxoid Concentrated is an inactivated vaccine containing 150 I.U. per dose (1 ml) purified tetanus toxoid.
The disease can be prevented by immunization with tetanus toxoid or the use of antitoxin which is routinely carried out in horses.
These pediatric formulations have the same amount of tetanus toxoid as adult formulations, but contain between three and four times more diphtheria toxoid.
Tetanus has been reported to induce lesions in the vagal nuclei, while locally applied toxin may lead to excessive vagal nuclei, while locally applied toxin may lead to excessive vagal activity.
Symptoms Sometimes, the first and only sign of tetanus is a spasm of the muscles nearest to the infected wound.
When we consider that tuberculosis, diphtheria, cholera, tetanus, typhoid fever, anthrax, malaria and a host of other contagious diseases have each been proved to be of parasitical origin, an idea may be conve y ed of the range of the subject.
On the other hand, not a few disorders proved to be alien to classes to which narrower views of causation had referred them; of such are tabes dorsalis, neuritis, infantile palsy or tetanus, now removed from the category of primary nervous diseases and placed in one or other of the class of infections; or, conversely, certain forms of disease of the joints are now regarded with some certainty as members of more than one series of diseases chiefly manifest in the nervous system.
The typhoid organism was not found to be taken off from the decomposing masses of semi-liquid filth largely contaminated with a culture of bacillus typhosus; but, on the other hand, it was abundantly proved that it could grow over moist surfaces of stones, &c. Certain disease-producing organisms, such as the bacillus of tetanus and malignant oedema, appear to be universally distributed in soil, while others, as the bacillus typhosus and spirillum cholerae, appear to have only a local distribution.
In the 1920s, we got a vaccine for diphtheria, pertussis, tuberculosis, and tetanus.
Make sure that your horses are always fully vaccinated against tetanus, an invariably fatal infection which can gain access through a seedy toe.
The second tetanus type is traumatic tetanus, which is also referred to in England as " lockjaw ".
The vaccine encodes a strong immune alert signal from Fragment C from tetanus toxin.
Presentation Tetanus Toxoid Concentrated is an inactivated vaccine containing 150 I.U. per dose (1 ml) purified tetanus toxoid.
Make sure that your horses are always fully vaccinated against tetanus, an invariably fatal infection which can gain access through a damaged frog.
Prevention Vaccination against tetanus is routinely advised for horses and people, but is not advised for cats and dogs.
Tetanus has been reported to induce lesions in the vagal nuclei, while locally applied toxin may lead to excessive vagal activity.
Tetanus is also rare but can be transmitted by a dog bite if the victim is not immunized.