Tertiary-amines sentence example
The combination of nitrogen with carbon may result in the formation of nitriles, cyanides, or primary, secondary or tertiary amines.
The replacement of one hydrogen atom by one alkyl or aryl group gives rise to primary amines; of two hydrogen atoms by two groups, to secondary amines; of three hydrogen atoms by three groups, to tertiary amines.
The tertiary amines possess the power of combining with one molecular proportion of an alkyl iodide to form quaternary ammonium salts.
The primary, secondary and tertiary amines may be readily distinguished by their behaviour with various reagents.
The secondary and tertiary amines do not give this reaction.Advertisement
When heated with alkyl or aryl iodides, they are converted into secondary and tertiary amines.
The tertiary amines may also be of two types, the purely aromatic and the mixed type.
The mixed tertiary amines are produced by the action of alkyl halides on the primary amines.