9, Tendon of deep flexor (fl.
The top bone is the os calcis, or hock bone, to which the tendon Achilles is attached.
On the anterior or extensor surface of the limb a powerful tendon (7 in fig.
We have here the interesting fact that a muscle (portion of the triceps humeri of the reptiles) has been reduced to a tendon, which in a secondary way has become connected with cutaneous muscles, which, when strongly developed, represent its belly.
In the hind-leg, the perforated tendon is a continuation of that of the plantaris, passing pulley-wise over the tuberosity of the calcaneum.
One, the quadratus or bursalis muscle, arises from the hinder surface of the eyeball, and forms with its narrow margin, which is directed towards the optic nerve, a pulley for the long tendon of the pyramidalis muscle.
14, The podophyllous or laminar 7, Tendon of anterior extensor membrane, and of the phalanges.
This arises from the nasal surface of the ball, and its tendon passes into the somewhat imperfectly transparent nictitating membrane.
The digastric muscles also are remarkable for their well-defined central tendon, and in many species their anterior bellies are united between the two halves of the lower jaw.
Its elastic tendon runs directly to the carpus, forming thereby the outer margin of the anterior patagium, or fold of skin between the upper and forearm, which it serves to extend, together with the propatagialis brevis muscle.
In the fore-leg the tendon of this muscle (which corresponds with the extensor minimi digiti of man) receives a slip from that of the principal extensor, and is inserted into the first phalanx.
- Scapula, coracoid and clavicle, meet to form the foramen triosseum, through which passes the tendon of the supracoracoideus, or subclavius muscle to the tuberculum superius of the humerus.
Birds possess an ear-muscle which at least acts as a tensor tympani; it arises near the occipital condyle, passes through a hole into the tympanic cavity, and its tendon is, in various ways, attached to the inside of the membrane and the neighbouring extracolumellar processes.
15, The keratogenous membrane 8, Tendon of superficial flexor of the sole.
This, when fully developed, consists of two parts, but inserted by a single ribbon-like tendon upon the hinder surface of the femur, near the end of its first third; the caudal part, femoro-caudalis, expressed by Garrod by the symbol A, arises from transverse processes of the tail; the iliac part (accessorofemoro-caudal of Garrod, with the symbol B), arises mostly from the outer surface of the postacetabular ilium.
It is with the neural element of muscle tonus that tendon phenomena are intimately associated.
There is a patella, intercalated in the tendon of the femori-tibialis or extensor cruris muscle.
This arises mostly from the angle formed by the keel with the body of the sternum, passes by a strong tendon through the foramen triosseum, and is inserted upon the upper tubercle of the humeral crest, which it rotates and abducts.
In the hind-leg (where it is the homologue apparently of the peroneus brevis of man) the tendon becomes blended with that of the large extensor.
The perforating tendon is derived from the muscle corresponding with the long flexor of man, and the smaller tendon of the oblique flexor (tibialis porticus of man) is united with it.
The chief muscular mass, arising from the sternum in the shape of a U, is the pectoralis muscle; its fibres converge into a strong tendon, which is inserted upon the greater tubercle and upper crest of the humerus, which it depresses and slightly rotates forwards during the downstroke.
Tendon of the flexor hallucis longus muscle sending a strong vinculum to that of the flexor profundus muscle, the tendon of which goes to the third toe only.
When typically developed its long tendon passes the knee j oint, turning towards its outer side, and lastly, without being anywhere attached to the knee, it forms one of the heads of the flexor perforates digit, ii.
This runs down the anterior and outer side of the upper arm, and is attached to the proximal tendon of the extensor metacarpi radialis longus, a little below the outer condyle of the humerus.
Arising as a long tendon from the sterno-scapular ligament, it passes the axilla by means of a fibrous pulley, accompanies the axillary vessels and nerves along the humerus, and is inserted by a few fleshy fibres on the base of the last two or three cubital quills.
Here, alone, at the distal portion of the tendon, occur muscular fibres, but these are unstriped, belonging to the category of cutaneous muscles.
The flexor digitorum sublimis muscle arises fleshy from the long elastic band which extends from the inner humeral condyle along the ventral surface of the ulna to the ulnar carpal bone, over which the tendon runs to insert itself on the radial anterior side of the first phalanx of the second digit.
A strong ligamentous band behind the metapodium, arising from near the upper extremity of its posterior surface, divides into two at its lower end, and each division, being first connected with one of the paired upper sesamoid bones, passes by the side of the first phalanx to join the extensor tendon of the phalanges.
One of the most common contributing factors is a tight Achilles tendon.
Achilles tendon rupture surgery (not for the faint hearted!
ALR, Anterior lateral rod or tendon.
It is a brief extension of the limb at the knee-joint, due to a simple contraction of the extensor muscle, elicited by a tap or other short mechanical stimulus applied to the muscle fibres through the tendon of the muscle.
The turning of attention towards the knee interferes with the jerk; hence the device of directing the person to perform vigorously some movement, which does not involve the muscles of the lower limb, at the moment when the light blow is dealt upon the tendon.
Achilles tendon injury near the end.
Percutaneous repair of acute closed ruptured Achilles tendon: a new technique.
Arthroscopically assisted reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament using a patella tendon bone autograft.
Spasms vary in severity and frequency, but may be strong enough to cause fractures and tendon avulsions.
baht members identified tendon injuries as a research priority and in response an effectiveness bulletin has been produced.
biceps tendon is a common cause of pain at the front of the shoulder.
biceps tendon rupture that is over 4 weeks old is often more difficult to repair directly.
muscles biceps - The biceps tendon attaches to the radial tuberosity on the inside of the upper radius.
bony prominence or any muscle or tendon can be affected.
Damage can occur to the deep flexor tendon, navicular bursa, or navicular ligaments all resulting in pain and lameness.
I have had the patellar tendon debridement surgery for scar tissue several times.
Treatment - Tendon repair, tendon relocation, subacromial decompression mainly in younger patients.
extensor pollicis longus tendon following fracture of the distal radius.
extensor tendon (please see diagram, below ).
hamstrings tendon is removed?
The less common pain arises at the back of the heel where the Achilles tendon is attached to the heel bone.
Moving the inflamed tendon further inflamed tendon further inflames the sheath, which tightens onto the tendon, causing pain.
inflamed causing swelling and a dull throbbing sensation in the tendon.
inflammation of the lining around the tendon.
inflammation of the tendon is a common result along with tightening of the calf muscles.
The central portion has open longitudinal fibers which overlay the ruptured tendon, allowing for fibroblastic ingrowth.
Local steroid injection - the injection of steroid directly into a problematic joint or next to an affected tendon.
insertion of a tendon, ligament or joint capsule into bone) frequently occurs in many forms of spondyloarthropathy.
During application the opponents wrist is extended forward while pressure is applied against their triceps tendon insertion above the elbow.
If you have a foot shape that increases the stresses on your Achilles tendon, a molded insole in your shoe may help.
She ran over some broken glass and had a deep laceration of the main pad and damage to the tendon.
A broken little toe here, a torn tendon there, a twisted ligament.
Damage can occur to the deep flexor tendon, navicular bursa, or navicular bursa, or navicular ligaments all resulting in pain and lameness.
necrosis of bone, tendon or joint capsule.
patella tendon with a successful outcome, ie, a stable knee.
In the midline is the central tendon, the fibrous pericardium attaches to the superior aspect of this tendon.
peroneal tendon tears.
Release of the FDL tendon from the distal phalanx may produce a marginal improvement in results.
The jaw reflex was very brisk, there was no tendon reflexes in the limbs.
If you have a torn rotator cuff tendon it may need surgery, tho not always.
rupture of a tendon, which will impair movement of the affected finger.
A knock to a tendon may result in slight bruising or more severe damage possibly even tendon rupture.
Click here for more details A biceps tendon rupture that is over 4 weeks old is often more difficult to repair directly.
severing a tendon.
A small synovial sheath is present around each individual tendon at the wrist but not in the hand or the fingers.
They do not grow on the skin, rather they stay firmly attached to the underlying joint or tendon sheath.
In London to film an ad campaign, The Hoff severed a tendon on shards from a bathroom shelf he accidentally smashed.
The results were often poor with tendon subluxation, weakness and continued pain.
This tendon is called the common extensor tendon (please see diagram, below ).
The biceps tendon is a common cause of pain at the front of the shoulder.
The patient's right ACL was reconstructed using part of his patella tendon with a successful outcome, ie, a stable knee.
throbbing sensation in the tendon.
torn tendon there, a twisted ligament.
twitch of a limb muscle caused by tapping the tendon.
Until the patella tendon and quadriceps snap and a once valiant athlete is carted off the track, perhaps never to walk again.
On the anterior side of the tibia, is the intercondylar sulcus, which is crossed by an oblique bridge of tendon or bone, acting as a pulley for the tendon of the extensor digitorum communis muscle.
In most birds the tendon is split into several portions, one of which is often attached to the outer side of the ulna, below the elbow joint, while others are in variable but characteristic ways connected with similar slips of the propatagialis longus.
'14,' sp) L H Externa of coxa O Alary tendon of From Miall and Denny, The Cockroach.
The chapter on the ACL has been expanded to now cover harvesting techniques of the hamstring, the patellar tendon and the quadriceps tendon.
For this reason, arthritis may lead to rupture of a tendon, which will impair movement of the affected finger.
His right arm was cut by shards of glass, severing a tendon.
The tendon graft is passed through the fibular head drill hole.
However he suffered a slight tendon injury which has resulted in a 5 month ' holiday ' for Diamond Jim.
An example is the ' knee-jerk ' reflex, which involves a sudden twitch of a limb muscle caused by tapping the tendon.
The Equissage Hand Unit can be used to treat specific problems such as tendon and ligament problems, pulled muscles and thick winded horses.
Although tendon, a popular dish in Japan, is simply a fried piece of shrimp or fried prawn served over a bowl of hot steamed rice, seldom is tempura shrimp eaten without vegetables to accompany it.
Early reports speculated that she may have broken her ankle, but as it turns out, she has injured her Achilles tendon.
He tore his Achilles tendon while playing the role of Achilles for Troy.
If it instead makes a little bubble up by your Achilles tendon, then you need to buy a smaller size.
The brief neurological exam includes a review of the patient's mental status, motor and sensory system, deep tendon reflexes, coordination, and walking pattern (gait).
Deep wounds to the hands and wrists should be examined for nerve and tendon damage.
Collagen-The main supportive protein of cartilage, connective tissue, tendon, skin, and bone.
It may be associated with involuntary muscle spasms, sustained muscle contractions (dystonia), and exaggerated deep tendon reflexes that make movement difficult or uncontrollable.
Surgical options for chronic spasticity include selective dorsal rhizotomy and tendon release surgery.
During contracture release surgery, the tendon of a contractured muscle is cut, the joint is repositioned to a more normal angle, and a cast is applied.
Regrowth of the tendon to this new length occurs over several weeks following surgery.
This procedure is most commonly performed on the Achilles tendon but may also be performed on the knees, hips, shoulders, elbows, and wrists.
Tendon transfer surgery is another technique to treat contractures.
During this procedure, the tendon attached to a spastic muscle is cut and transferred to a different site, preventing the muscle from being pulled into an abnormal position.
The most commonly used surgical procedures are tenotomy, tendon transfer, and dorsal rhizotomy.
In tenotomy, tendons of the affected muscle are cut, and the limb is cast in a more normal position while the tendon regrows.
Alternatively, tendon transfer involves cutting and reattaching a tendon at a different point on the bone to enhance the length and function of the muscle.
Tenotomy-A surgical procedure that cuts the tendon of a contracted muscle to allow lengthening.
Avulsion fracture-A fracture caused by the tearing away of a fragment of bone where a strong ligament or tendon attachment forcibly pulls the fragment away from the bone tissue.
A physical examination requires careful scrutiny of the wound, with special attention to possible bone, joint, ligament, muscle, tendon, nerve, or blood-vessel damage caused by deep punctures or severe crush injuries.
Baseball finger is an injury in which the tendon at the end of the finger is separated from the bone as a result of trauma.
When a person closes the hand to make a fist, a tendon known as the extensor tendon is stretched.
When the person hits the teeth in another person's mouth hard enough to break the skin, bacteria from the saliva in the mouth get into the tendon and its overlying sheath.
After the hand is opened, the extensor tendon relaxes and returns to its normal position underneath the skin, but it is now carrying bacteria with it.
A strain is a partial or complete tear of a muscle (tissue composed of cells that enable the body to move) or a tendon (strong connective tissue that links muscles to bones).
Inflammation of a tendon (tendinitis) and inflammation of one of the fluid-filled sacs that allow tendons to move easily over bones (bursitis) usually result from minor stresses that repeatedly aggravate the same part of the body.
A wheelchair may be required if walking becomes painful due to bone, tendon, ligament, or muscle defects.
In this operation, the tendon of the contractured muscle is cut, and the limb is braced in its normal resting position while the tendon regrows.
Tendonitis-Inflammation of a tendon, which is a tough band of tissue that connects muscle to bone.
Deep tendon reflexes are responses to muscle stretch.
Calancie B., et al. "Tendon reflexes for predicting movement recovery after acute spinal cord injury in humans."
Normal or increased deep tendon reflexes suggest central hypotonia.
It may be associated with involuntary muscle spasms, sustained muscle contractions, and exaggerated deep tendon reflexes that make movement difficult or uncontrollable.
During contracture release surgery, the tendon of a contractured muscle is cut, the joint repositioned to a more normal angle, and a cast is applied.
Tenosynovitis-Inflammation of a tendon and its enveloping sheath, usually resulting from overuse injury.
Bikram Yoga is comprised of 26 postures chosen by Choudhury, who believes that if a person practices this exact sequence, every muscle, tendon, organ, bone and even the skin will be exercised.
Tears develop scar tissue over them and this leads to further tendon problems.
The golgi tendon reflex allows you to deepen a stretch and promote further flexibility and a better stretch.
To activate the golgi tendon reflex, lean into your stretch and hold it for about 10 seconds.
Lesser tuberosity fractures Acute injuries in athletes should be surgically repaired, to restore the subscapularis tendon and anterior capsule preventing shoulder instability.
carpushis tendon is absent, it lies deep to the fascia just medial to flexor carpi radialis (FCR) - figure 4b.
In the hands of experienced clinicians, shock wave therapy may well prove to be a valuable tool in dealing with chronic tendon pain.
Limb tone is increased with brisk tendon reflexes, ankle clonus, and bilaterally extensor plantar responses.
The higher heel takes the stress of the injured tendon.
conjoint tendon, under tension, down to the inguinal ligament.
Always examine for an Achilles tendon contracture, which is often present in patients with plantar fascitis.
If an x-ray shows an independent ossicle behind the main body of the tendon then surgical removal may be helpful after skeletal maturation.
Magnetic resonance scan will show tibialis tendon tendinitis or rupture.
Tenderness and swelling over and around the inflamed tendon are the obvious signs that a doctor will look for.
Pain or weakness on outward or inward rotation of the arm may indicate a tear in a rotator cuff tendon.
There will be one or two small incisions in the front of the knee either side of the patellar tendon.
The same procedure is carried out for the proximal half of the ruptured tendon.
A hot iron is applied to the skin to burn through into the damaged tendon to provoke a healing response.
tendon reflexes in the limbs.
tendon graft is passed through the fibular head drill hole.
tendon insertion above the elbow.
tendon injury which has resulted in a 5 month ' holiday ' for Diamond Jim.
Skipper Greaves managed a 5.7 score dive to the ground with an Achilles tendon injury near the end.
Inflammation of the synovial sheath is called synovitis, while inflammation of the sheath and tendon together is called tenosynovitis.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.