# How to use *T* in a sentence

That's Roman wormwood--that's pigweed--that's sorrel--that's piper-grass--have at him, chop him up, turn his roots upward to the sun, don'

**t**let him have a fibre in the shade, if you do he'll turn himself**t**' other side up and be as green as a leek in two days.More mobile and more searching than ice or rock rubbish, the trickling drops are guided by the deepest lines of the hillside in their incipient flow, and as these lines converge, the stream, gaining strength, proceeds in River its torrential course to carve its channel deeper and en-

**t**trench itself in permanent occupation.A striking fact in the configuration of the crust is cs 1'000 n that each continent, or elevated mass of the crust, is

**T**diametrically opposite to an ocean basin or great de 5000 0 -5000 -15000 -20 2500 -300 pression; the only partial exception being in the case of southern South America, which is antipodal to eastern Asia.Two other screws, o, p, the heads of which are not graduated, give motions to the whole micrometer box through

**t**1 mm.If

**T**is the mean torque, the work done on the crank-axle per revolution is 27rT.AdvertisementIn 1873 he was gazetted to the 45

**t**h regiment.The rate at which work is done on a particular axle is measured by the product where

**T**is the torque or turning moment exerted on the axle by the motor or mechanism applied to it for this purpose, and is the angular velocity of the axle in radians per second.The couple

**T**is necessarily accompanied by an equal and opposite couple acting on the frame, which couple endeavours to turn the frame in the opposite direction to that in which the axle rotates.Dividing thr Hugh by V and multiplying through by 550, 2240W 2240Wa R =Were+W vry

**t**G (23) ' 'an expression giving the value of R the total tractive resistance.Near this hamlet on the coast of the Gulf of Mirabello in east Crete,

**t**he American archaeologist MissHarriet Boyd hasexcavated a great part of another Minoan town.AdvertisementAnd as in Hebrew, the six letters b g d k p

**t**are aspirated when immediately preceded by any vowel sound.The ports in Great Britain at which foreign animals may be landed are Bristol, Cardiff, Glasgow, Hull, Liverpool, London;

**t**'Manchester and Newcastle-upon-Tyne.The testis

**t**occupies a median position in the coiled visceral mass.**T**h e buccal nerves and ganglia are omitted.Though the

**T**hx, thoracic segments bear the wings, no trace of these appendages exists till the close of the embryonic life, 8 `' nor even, in many cases, till much later.AdvertisementThis scheme was the work of Blasius Merrem, who, in a communication to the Academy of Sciences of Berlin on the

**t**oth December 1812, which was published in its Abhandlungen for the following year (pp. 237-259), set forth a Tentamen systematis naturalis avium, no less modestly entitled than modestly executed.Gloger brought out at Breslau the first (and unfortunately the only) part of a Vollstandiges Handbuch der Natur- In th e Introduction to r

**t**his?In Portsmouth are an Athenaeum (1817), with a valuable library; a public library (1881); a city hall; a county court house; a United States customs-house; a soldiers' and sailors' monument; an equestrian

**t**Island 'Portsmouth ' ?Cd'i .9?-?.**T**he great manufacturing centres are Cleveland, Cincinnati, Youngstown, Toledo, Columbus, Dayton and Akron, and in 1905 the value of the products of these cities amounted to 56.7% of that for the entire state.On 21 referenda, io being questions of license, the ratio of actual to registered voters ranged on the latter from 57.00 to 75.38% (mean 67.15), and on other referenda from 75.6 3

**t**o 33.4 0 (mean 61.39), - the mean for all, 64.18.AdvertisementIn every direction can be seen luxuriant valleys through which rivers thread their silvery way, wild chasms, magnificent waterfalls - that of Maletsunyane has an unbroken leap of over 600 f

**t**.F, Fixed coil; D, Movable coil; S, Spiral spring;

**T**, Torsion head; MM, Mercury cups; I, Index needle.Another compound, properly of mixed sex, appears in the Aramaean Atargatis (`At[

**t**]ar-`athe), worn down to Derketo, who is specifically associated with sacred pools and fish (Ascalon, Hierapolis-Mabog).A change of the Hebrew text seems necessary; possibly we should read S1p $

**t**"', "low is the voice," instead of 51p$ o'p', "he rises up at the voice."Its consonants are k, g, ng, ch, j, n,

**t**, d, n, p, b, m, y, r, l, w, s, h.AdvertisementOn the top of the stupa was an ornament shaped like the letter

**T**, and as the base of the stupa was above the quadrangle, the total height of the monument was between 50 and 60 ft.It follows that putting n for the mean motion and

**T**for the period of revolution we shall have in degrees nT=3600.The process by which the position of a planet at any time is determined from its elements may now be conceived as follows The epoch of passage through pericentre being given, let

**t**be the interval of time between this epoch and that for which the position of the body is required.Representing by P this position, it follows that the area of that portion of the ellipse contained between the radii vectores FB and FP will bear the same ratio to the whole area of the ellipse that

**t**does to**T**, the time of revolution.Since the distance of a body from the observer cannot be observed directly, but only the right ascension and declination, calling these a and 6 we conceive ideal equations of the form a = f (a, b, c, e, f, g,

**t**) and 5=0 (a, b, c, e, f, g,**t**), the symbols a, b,.The Dipylon consists of an outer and an inner gate separated by an oblong courtyard and flanked on either side by towers; the gates were themselves double, being each composed of two apertures intended for the incoming and outgoing traffic. An opening in the city wall a little to the south-west, supposed to have been the Sacred Gate (iep

**t**riAn), was in all probability an outlet for the waters of the Eridanus.If we denote the critical volume, pressure and temperature by Vk, Pk and Tk, then it may be shown, either by considering the characteristic equation as a perfect cube in v or by using the relations that dp/dv=o, d 2 p/dv 2 =o at the critical point, that Vk = 3b, Pk= a/27b2,

**T**ic = 8a/27b.From the relation between the critical constants Pk Vk/Tk = 37 R or

**T**k /P k = 3 .The relation they suspected to be of the form -yS = KT, where K is a constant analogous to R, and S the surface containing one gramme-molecule, y and

**T**being the surface tension and temperature respectively.At Thebes, New York has also carried out work at Qurnet Murra`i and Sheikh `Abd el Qurna, as well as at Dra

**t**Abul Neqqa and Deir el Bahri, 55 where the Earl of Carnarvon, assisted by Mr. Howard Carter, has also dug with remarkable success, recovering some of the most beautiful relics of the art of the XII.The map or diagram of which Leonardo Dati in his poem on the Sphere (Della Spera) wrote in 1422 " un

**T**dentre a uno 0 mostra it disegno " (a**T**within an 0 shows the design) is one of the most persistent types among the circular or wheel maps of the world.**T**maps of more elaborate design illustrate the MS. copies of Sallust's Bellum jugurthinum; one of these taken from a codex of the 11th century in the Leipzig town library is shown in fig.I I KaTOLKb7ETE E7r ' i%7rt&c

**t**' E f loL »' ye shall dwell securely with me "; for here ir' iXxiSc, as several times in the Septuagint, is a wrong rendering of ni '.The stem of the

**T**was originally a mole leading to an island (Pharos) which formed the cross-piece.Though introduced with success from Santo Domingo about the middle of the

**T**8th century, the sugar industry practically dates from 1796, when Etienne Bore first succeeded in crystallizing and clarifying the syrup. Steam motive power was first introduced on the plantations in 1822.Thus the rational number one, which we will denote by ' r, is not the cardinal number I; for

**t**r is the relation I/I as defined above, and is thus a relation holding between certain pairs of cardinals.Hertslet's Treaties Regulating the Trade, ez'c., between Great Britain and Turkey (London, 1875) presents a summary of all the principal treaties between Turkey and other states; see also Gabriel Effendi Noradounghian, Recueil d'actes internationaux de l'empire ottoman, 1300-1789,

**t**.Leonardo gave as solution the numbers 11 i 4 4, 16, 9 4 - 7 4 and 6197

**T**, - the squares of 3,, 41'v and 2, 7; and the method of finding them is given in the Liber quadratorum.When the solutions may be taken as effectively dilute, so that the gas laws apply to the osmotic pressure, this relation reduces to E _ nrRT to c1 ey gE c2 where n is the number of ions given by one molecule of the salt, r the transport ratio of the anion, R the gas constant,

**T**the absolute temperature, y the total valency of the anions obtained from one molecule, and c i and c 2 the concentrations of the two solutions.During the first centuries both branches of the Church had used vestments substantially the same, developed from common originals; the alb, chasuble, stole and pallium were the equivalents of the anxItinov, e

**t**fvoXcov, copapcov and 1 The rationale is worn only over the chasuble.The frui

**t**is a pod or siliqua splitting by two valves from A "0 D FIG.In another account (as

**T**ptTo-y vECa) she is the daughter of the river Triton, to which various localities were assigned, and wherever there was a river (or lake) of that name, the inhabitants claimed that she was born there.The epithets i-rriria, XaXtviTts, 5a

**t**ta6t7r7r-os, usually referred to her as goddess of war-horses, may perhaps be reminiscences of an older religion in which the horse was sacred to her.I

**t**may, however, be pointed out that Brachiopods seem to belong to that class of animal which commences life as a larva with three segments, and that tri-segmented larvae have been found now in several of the larger groups.Hence anAu = auk

**t**a22a33...ann, where the cofactor of an is clearly the determinant obtained by erasing the first row and the first column.We may equally express the result as 4,(al)Y'(a2)...0 (am) =0, (a 8 -fa

**t**) =0.Again, if a i, a 2, a 3 ...a m, be the

**t**" roots of -1, b 1 = b 2 =...The analogous formula appertaining to n systems of quantities which Vienna Transactions,

**t**.The discriminant, whose vanishing is the condition that f may possess two equal roots, has the expression j 2 - 6 i 3; it is nine times the discriminant of the cubic resolvent k 3 - 2 ik- 3j, and has also the expression 4(1,

**t**') 6 .The simplest form to which the quartic is in general reducible is +6mxix2+x2, involving one parameter m; then Ox = 2m (xi +x2) +2 (1-3m2) x2 ix2; i = 2 (

**t**+3m2); j= '6m (1 - m) 2;**t**= (1 - 9m 2) (xi - x2) (x21 + x2) x i x 2.It is on a consideration of these factors of

**t**that Cayley bases his solution of the quartic equation.Certain convariants of the quintic involve the same determinant factors as appeared in the system of the quartic; these are f, H, i,

**T**and j, and are of special importance.**T**= (j, j) 2 jxjx; 0 = (iT)i x r x; four other linear covariants, viz.Further, in the case of invariants, we write A= (1, i') 2 and take three new forms B = (i,

**T**) 2; C = (r, r`) 2; R = (/y).**T**Aw 6(23)B A Series Of 2(W 2) Or Of 2(W I) Forms According As W Is Even Or Uneven.This page gives an overview of all articles in the 1911 Brittanica which are alphabetized under

**T**to Tar.If F

**T**is the force along r and F**t**that along**t**at right angles to r, F r =X cos 0+ Y sin 0=M 2 cos 0, F**t**= - X sin 0+ Y cos 0 = - r 3 sin 0.But though a formula of this type has no physical significance, and cannot be accepted as an equation to the actual curve of W and B, it is, nevertheless, the case that by making the index e =1.6, and assigning a suitable value to r

**t**, a formula may be obtained giving an approximation to the truth which is sufficiently close for the ordinary purposes of electrical engineers, especially when the limiting value of B is neither very great nor very small.Since

**t**horse-power= 746 watts, and r ton = 2 240 lb, the factor for reducing horse-power per ton to watts per lb is 746/2240, or just 1/3.As H regards the effec

**t**s FIG.If S is the area of the orbit described in time

**T**by an electron of charge e, the moment of the equivalent magnet is M = eST; and the change in the value of M due to an external field H is shown to be OM = - He'S/47rm, m being the mass of the electron.According to the best determinations the value of elm does not exceed 1.8X Io', and

**T**is of the order of Io 15 second, the period of luminous vibrations; hence OM/M must always be less than 109 H, and therefore the strongest fields yet reached experimentally, which fall considerably short of Io %, could not change the magnetic moment M by as much as a ten-thousandth part.Whilst each unit of the lateral eye of Limulus has arhabdom of ten

**t**pieces See fig.This massive swelling is cut into, between the Ektagh Altai and the eastern

**T**`ien-shan, by the relative depression of Tarbagatai and Dzungaria, 1500 to 3000 ft.The tonnage of British steamers amounted to somewhat more than

**t**i% of the total tonnage of steamers entered and cleared.This was a period of military tribunals, dragooning, wholesale

**T**Bach confiscation 'and all manner of brutalities.'To him it was Revival left to perfect that work of restoration begun by Baroti

**t**th and amplified by Revai.Suppose we find Q = sR+

**T**, then we repeat the process with R and**T**; and so on.We thus express P=Q in the form of a continued fraction, k+ + I, which is usually written,for conciseness, k+ s +

**t**+ &c., s**t**+&c.Hence the successive remainders are successively smaller multiples of L, but still integral multiples, so that the series of quotients k, s,

**t**,.Similarly the statements P+Q - R - S =

**T**and P+ Q - R=**T**+ S are the same.Thus from P+Q - R+S=

**T**we deduce P+(Q - R+S)=P+(**T**- P).The values of the first ten of Bernoulli's numbers are B1=

**t**, B2= 1, B3 =412, B4 =30, B5 =6 = 6 9 1 B7 = l, B =3 =4 4 fl, IV.The argument involves the theorem that, if 0 is a positive quantity less than I, 0

**t**can be made as small as we please by taking**t**large enough; this follows from the fact that tlog 0 can be made as large (numerically) as we please.His travels and mercantile experience had led E

**t**u eopre him to conclude that the Hindu methods of computing were in advance of those then in general use, and in 1202 he published his Liber Abaci, which treats of both algebra and arithmetic. In this work, which is of great historical interest, since it was published about two centuries before the art of printing was discovered, he adopts the Arabic notation for numbers, and solves many problems, both arithmetical and algebraical.In the applications with which we are concerned,

**t**, n are very small quantities; and we may take P = x yn - At the same time dS may be identified with dxdy, and in the de nominator p may be treated as constant and equal to f.On either side of any one of them the illumination is distributed according to the same law as for the central image (m = o), vanishing, for example, when the retardation amounts to (mn

**t**1)X.If the semi-angular aperture (w) be

**T**36, and tan 0' might be as great as four millions before the error of phase would reach 4X.If we put for shortness 7 for the quantity under the last circular function in (I), the expressions (i), (2) may be put under the forms u sin

**T**, v sin (**T**- a) respectively; and, if I be the intensity, I will be measured by the sum of the squares of the coefficients of sin**T**and cos**T**in the expression u sin**T**+v sin (**T**- a), so that I =u 2 +v 2 +2uv cos a, which becomes on putting for u, v, and a their values, and putting f =Q .Let x, y, z be the co-ordinates of any particle of the medium in its natural state, and, 7 7, the displacements of the same particle at the end of time

**t**, measured in the directions of the three axes respectively.Since the dimensions of

**T**are supposed to be very small in com d parison with X, the factor dy (--) is sensibly constant; so that, if Z stand for the mean value of Z over the volume**T**, we may write TZ y d e**T**?Among the works which he translated into Syriac and of which his versions survive are treatises of Aristotle, Porphyry and Galen, 3 the Ars grammatica of Dionysius Thrax, the works of Dionysius the Areopagite, and possibly two or three treatises of Plutarch.4 His own original works are less important, but include a " treatise on logic, addressed to Theodore (of Merv), which is unfortunately imperfect, a tract on negation and affirmation; a treatise, likewise addressed to Theodore, On the Causes of the Universe, according to the Views of Aristotle, showing how it is a Circle; a tract On Genus, Species and Individuality; and a third tract addressed to Theodore, On the Action and Influence of the Moon, explanatory and illustrative of Galen's IIEpi rcptaiµwv r

**t**µepwv, bk.This was the KaXinrTpa, or veil called Kpr

**t**&Eµvov in Homer.In a well-made apparatus the pressure in the exhausted vessel is now reduced to I

**t**o or 2 1, of a millimetre, or even less.The cartesian equation referred to the axis and directrix is y=c cosh (x/c) or y = Zc(e x / c +e x / c); other forms are s = c sinh (x/c) and y 2 =c 2 -1-s 2, being the arc measured from the vertex; the intrinsic equation is s = c tan The radius of curvature and normal are each equal to c sec

**t**'.The desired result is obtained either by moving the manufactured goods gradually away from a constant source of heat, or by placing them in a heated kiln and allowing

**t**he heat gradually to die out.Generally if S denotes any closed surface, fixed in the fluid, M the mass of the fluid inside it at any time

**t**, and 0 the angle which the outward-drawn normal makes with the velocity q at that point, dM/dt = rate of increase of fluid inside the surface, (I) =flux across the surface into the interior _ - f f pq cos OdS, the integral equation of continuity.As a rule these equations are established immediately by determining the component acceleration of the fluid particle which is passing through (x, y, z) at the instant

**t**of time considered, and saying that the reversed acceleration or kinetic reaction, combined with the impressed force per unit of mass and pressure-gradient, will according to d'Alembert's principle form a system in equilibrium.Then, if the outside cylinder is free to move - 2a2 2 X 1 = 0,

**T****T**= b2 a2, 7rpa 2 Ub 2+ a 2.This is so when the axis of revolution is a principal axis, say Oz; when S21=0,

**t**2 =0, =o, o=0.The partial differential coefficient of

**T**with respect to a component of velocity, linear or angular, will be the component of momentum, linear or angular, which corresponds.Conversely, if the kinetic energy

**T**is expressed as a quadratic function of x, x x3, y1, y2, y3, the components of momentum, the partial differential coefficient with respect to a momentum component will give the component of velocity to correspond.Thus if

**T**is expressed as a quadratic function of U, V, W, P, Q, R, the components of momentum corresponding are dT dT dT (I) = dU + x2=dV, x3 =dW, dT dT dT Yi dp' dQ' y3=dR; but when it is expressed as a quadratic function of xi, 'x2, x3, yi, Y2, Y3, U = d, V= dx, ' w= ax dT Q_ dT dT dy 1 dy2 dy The second system of expression was chosen by Clebsch and adopted by Halphen in his Fonctions elliptiques; and thence the dynamical equations follow X = dt x2 dy +x3 d Y = ..., Z ..., (3) = dt1 -y2?y - '2dx3+x3 ' M =..When no external force acts, the case which we shall consider, there are three integrals of the equations of motion (i.)

**T**=constant, x 2 +x 2 +x 2 =F 2, a constant, (iii.) x1y1 +x2y2+x3y3 =n = GF, a constant; and the dynamical equations in (3) express the fact that x, x, xs.A and B, mycelium (m), the mix

**t**ure over the affe c ted with haustoria (h).Extraction of cane juice by diffusion (a process more fully described under the head of beetroot sugar manufacture) is adopted in a few plantations in Java and Cuba, in Louisiana Etr cti o n and the Hawaiian Islands, and in one or two factories y f i in Egypt; b u

**t**hitherto, except under exceptional conditions (as at Aska, in the Madras Presidency, where the local price for sugar is three or four times the London price), it would not seem to offer any substantial advantage over double or triple crushing.These are the kingdoms of Ma

**t**in (Minaean), of Saba (Sabaean), of Hadramaut (Hadramut) and of Katabania (Katabanu).On his death in 1897 his nephew Abdul-Aziz, son of the murdered amir Matab, succeeded; during his reign a new element has been introduced into Nejd politics by the rising importance of Kuwet (Koweit) and the attempts R

**t**g P () P history.The fall of Sana made a deep impression

**t**Constantinople, every effort was made to hasten out reinforcements, the veteran Ahmad Feizi Pasha was nominated to the supreme command, and Anatolian troops in place of the unreliable Syrian element were detailed.The word riding was originally written as thrithing or thriding, but the initial th has been absorbed in the final th or

**t**of the words north, south, east and west, by which it was normally preceded.The rivers forming this system are the Maranon from Puerto Limon to Tabatinga on the Brazilian frontier (484 m.), the Japura, Putumayo, Javary, Napo, Tigre, Huallaga, Ucayali, Pachitea, Jurua, Purus, Acre, Curaray and Aguarico all navigable over parts of their courses for steamers of 4 to 8 f

**t**.The ovary (o) and the testis (

**t**) of Ectoprocta are developed on the body-wall, on the stomach, or on the funiculus.A contemporary

**t**ccount of this event has been preserved in two letters of the tl ounger Pliny to the historian Tacitus.None, however, was of equal im- b ortance with the first, and their details are given vaguely by

**t**.Mountasns.The Japanese islands are traversed from north

**t**south by a range of mountains which sends out various laterl branches.Among a multitude of other Japanese wares, space allows us

**t**mention only two, those of Izumo and Yatsushiro.All students of the ceramic art know that the monochrome porceMonochro- lains of China owe their beauty to the fact that the;afic

**t**color is in the glaze, not under it.The sound was that of the unvoiced dental stop. The English

**t**, however, is not dental but alveolar, being pronounced, as d also, not by putting the tongue against the teeth but against their sockets.This difference is marked in the phonetic differentiation of the dental and the alveolar

**t**by writing them respectively**t**and**t**.The Indian

**t**, however, is probably produced still farther from the teeth than is the English sound.In the middle of words when

**t**precedes a palatal sound like i (y) which is not syllabic, it coalesces with it into the sound of sh as in position, nation, &c. The change to a sibilant in these cases took place in late Latin, but in Middle English the i following the**t**was still pronounced as a separate syllable.At the end of words the English

**t**is really aspirated, a breath being audible after the**t**in words like bit, hit, pit.The small eyes are some-

**T**y p h l o p s bra- times covered by transparent shields.Full-grown specimens are about

**t**yd.Let a charge +Q be f

**t**the ellipsoid a similar and slightly larger one, that distribution will be in equilibrium and will produce a constant potential throughout the interior.One of the best methods for doing this is to charge the Ab l condenser by the known voltage of a battery, and then d e

**t**erdischarge it through a galvanometer and repeat this minations.Its angular points have then co-ordinates (x

**t**Zdx, y**t**Zdy, z * zdz).He therefore employed the corresponding expression for a cycle of infinitesimal range dt at the temperature

**t**in which the work dW obtainable from a quantity of heat H would be represented by the equation dW =HF'(**t**)dt, where F'(**t**) is the derived function of F(**t**), or dF(**t**)/dt, and represents the work obtainable per unit of heat per degree fall of temperature at a temperature**t**.It simply asserts that the efficiency function F'(

**t**), which is known as Carnot's function, is the same for all substances at the same temperature.Applying the above equation to a gas obeying the law pv=RT, for which the work done in isothermal expansion from a volume i to a volume r is W=RT loger, whence dW=R log e rdt, he deduced the expression for the heat absorbed by a gas in isothermal expansion H=R log er/F'(

**t**).He also showed that the difference of the specific heats at constant pressure and volume, S - s, must be the same for equal volumes of all gases at the same temperature and pressure, being represented by the expression R/TF'(

**t**).Holtzmann (1845) by the same assumption deduced the value J/

**T**for the function F'(**t**), but obtained erroneous results by combining this assumption with the caloric theory.Clausius (1850), applying the same assumption, deduced the same value of F'(

**t**), and showed that it was consistent with the mechanical theory and Joule's experiments, but required that a vapour like steam should deviate more considerably from the gaseous laws than was at that time generally admitted.This most fundamental point was finally settled by a more delicate test, devised by Lord Kelvin, and carried out in conjunction with Joule (1854), which showed that the fundamental assumption W =H in isothermal expansion was very nearly true for permanent gases, and that F'(

**t**) must therefore vary very nearly as J/**T**.Kelvin had previously proposed to define an absolute scale of temperature independent of the properties of any particular substance in terms of Carnot's function by making F'(

**t**) constant.The loose aggregation of agricultural households gives place

**t**o the organized community with new needs and new g y ideals, and at the same time in religious thought the old vague notion of the numen is almost universally superseded by the more definite conception of the dens - not even now quite anthropomorphic, but with a much more clearly realized personality.None of them, in point of fact, has held its ground, and even his proposal to denote unknown quantities by the vowels A, E, I, 0, u, Y - the consonants B, c, &c., being reserved for general known quantities - has not been taken up. In this denotation he followed, perhaps, some older contemporaries, as Ramus, who designated the points in geometrical figures by vowels, making use of consonants, R, S,

**T**, &c., only when these were exhausted.The reason for this is readily seen; if a mass M of any gas occupies a volume V at a temperature

**T**(on the absolute scale) and a pressure P, then its absolute density under these conditions is O = M/V; if now the temperature and pressure be changed to l and P,, the volume V l under these conditions is VPT/PIT1, and the absolute density is MP,**T**/VPT I.The scales are at n, n; they are fastened only at the middle, and are kept down by the brass pieces

**t**,**t**.**T**is part of the tube proper, and turns with the head.Amongst the most widely distributed of the I E?

**t**Xoirpocs - on the threshold.According to the investigations of Svante Arrhenius the osmotic pressure in atmospheres may be obtained by simply multiplying the temp rature of freezing (r) by the factor -12.08, and it varies with temperature (

**t**) according to the law which holds good for gaseous pressure.A second commission, which was appointed in 1901 and issued its final report in 1905, taking 4000 f

**t**.A great future was expected from its use in the liquid state, since a cylinder fitted with the necessary reducing valves would supply the gas to light a house for a considerable period, the liquid occupying about

**T**h.When the force acts on a body free to turn about a fixed axis only, it is convenient to express the work done by the transformed product TO, where

**T**is the average turning moment or torque acting to produce the displacement 0 radians.The apparatus used to measure P or

**T**is the dynamometer.Both these forces usually act at the same radius R, the distance from the axis to the centre line of the rope, in which case the torque

**T**is (W-p)R, and consequently the brake horse-power is (W - p)RX21rN, When µ 33,000 changes the weight W rises or falls against the action of the spring balance until a stable condition of running is obtained.**T**=273, we obtain R =1.35 X Io -16 and this enables us to determine the mean velocities produced by heat motion in molecules of any given mass.This equation is found experimentally to be capable of representing the relation between p, v, and

**T**over large ranges of values.If we divide throughout by

**T**, we obtain d 2 (n+3)RN**T**+RNd v, showing that dQ/**T**is a perfect differential.This not only verifies that the second law of thermodynamics is obeyed, but enables us to identify

**T**with the absolute thermodynamical temperature.It is noteworthy that the word av6.9E1.ta had fallen into disuse about the beginning of the 4th century, and that, throughout the same period, no instance of the judicial use of the phrase rapaSovvat

**T**(i) larava can be found.The fragment beginning TfOva F

**t**'ac -yap xaaov has been translated by Thomas Campbell, the poet.And that sacrifice but once actually

**t**performed at His death, but ever before represented in figure, from the beginning; and ever since repeated in memory to the world's end.From the centre, processes (s) go to circumference(

**t**), ending in curved placentaries bearing the ovules.It passes over equal spaces in equal times, but falls with an accelerating velocity according to the formula h = zgt 2, where h is the height fallen through, g the force of gravity, and

**t**the time of flight.Now if the notch of the tan gent sight be carried to H' in order to lay on

**T**, the fore-sight, and with it the axis, H will be moved to F', the line of fire will be HF'D', and the shot will strike**T**since D'**T**= DT.The worm and hand-wheel are thrown into and out of gear by means of the clutch

**t**.To the more strictly exegetical lectures the names E nyncmtc, 4-07-Amara, i nynTuca, O o€

**t**, were sometimes applied.On June 1

**t**Napoleon himself left Paris for tratlon.Draw the tangents at A and B, meeting at

**T**; draw TV parallel to the axis of the parabola, meeting the arc in C and the chord in V; and M draw the tangent at C, meeting AT and BT in a and b.Hence the area of an ellipse whose axes are 2a and 2b is Trab; and the volume of an ellipsoid whose axes are 2a, 2b and 2c is

**t**rabc. The area of a strip of an ellipse between two lines parallel to an axis, or the volume of the portion (frustum) of an ellipsoid between two planes parallel to a principal section, may be found in the same way.If we write CI for the chordal area obtained by taking ordinates at intervals Zh, then

**T**i =2CI-C I.In order to find the corrections in respect of the terms shown in square brackets in the formulae of § 75, certain ordinates other than those used for C 1 or

**T**I are sometimes found specially.In the latter case the two sections are taken at distances

**t**2H/ A l 3 = = 2887H from the middle section, where H is the total internal length; and their arithmetic mean is taken to be the mean section of the cask.His chief works were First Lines of the Practice of Physic (1774); Institutions of Medicine (1770); and Synopsis Nosologicae Medicae (1785), which contained his classification of diseases into four great classes - (

**t**) Pyrexiae, or febrile diseases, as typhus fever; (2) Neuroses, or nervous diseases, as epilepsy; (3) Cachexiae, or diseases resulting from bad habit of body, as scurvy; L and (4) Locales, or local diseases, as cancer.A statement of receipts and expenditures of an election campaign, showing the amount received from each contributor and the name of

**t**every person or committee to whom more than $5 was paid, must be filed by the treasurer of every political committee within twenty days after the election; each candidate also must file a statement of his contributions.Pop. (1890) 12,024; (1900) 15,110, of whom 2952 were foreign-born;

**t**(1906) 17,719.To this period belong five Masses, a dozen operas, over thirty clavier-sonatas, over forty quartets, over a hundred orchestral symphonies and overtures, a Stabat Mater, a set of interludes for the service of the Seven Words, an Oratorio Tobias written for the Tonkiinstler-Societe

**t**of Vienna, and a vast number of concertos, divertimenti and smaller pieces, among which were no less than 175 for Prince Nicholas' favourite instrument, the baryton.Live-stock and dairy products are important factors in the

**T**C**t**o L %i, aa.Rr;

**t**Maplt 9?n Mauryl., ' v.?The kinetic energy per cubic centimetre is 2 pu

**t**, where is the density and u is the velocity of disturbance due to the passage of the wave.We also have pu

**t**=p o u**t**/(I +dy/dx).Let

**T**, and T2 be the observed times of passage in the two directions.If the fork has slightly less frequency the waves will travel in the opposite direction, and it is easily seen that the frequency of the fork is the number of white lines passing a point in a second

**t**the number of waves passing the point per second.This note is f sharp, and the interval

**t**is termed a sharp.If now the curve moves along unchanged in form in the direction ABC with uniform velocity U, the epoch e =OA at any time

**t**will be Ut, so that the value of y may be represented as 2 y=a sin**T**(x - Ut).If we measure

**t**from an instant at which the two trains exactly coincide, then as U for the other train has the opposite sign, its displacement is represented by y2= a sin (x+Ut).Each section then vibrates, and its amplitude goes through all its values in time given by 21rUT/A =2r, or

**T**=A/U, and the frequency is U/A.We shall first investigate the velocity with which a disturbance travels along a string of mass m per unit length when it is stretched with a constant tension

**T**, the same at all points.But the tension at P is

**T**, parallel to the tangent, and**T**sin 4 parallel to PM, and through this -**T**sin is the momentum passing out at P per second.In order that the velocity shall remain unchanged the tension

**T**must remain the same.The component of

**T**perpendicular to the axis is Tdy/ds=Tdy/dx.Lastly, by using different strings, it may be shown that, with the same

**T**and 1, (i/m).Let us suppose that the rod is circular, of radius r, and that the radial displacement of the surface is r

**t**.If we measure the time from an instant at which the two are in the same phase the resultant disturbance is y=a sin i

**t**+a sin 27rn2t =2a cos ir(n i - n 2)**t**sin ir(nl-**t**-n2)**t**, which may be regarded as a harmonic disturbance of frequency (ni+n2)/2 but with amplitude 2a cos 7r(n i - n 2)**t**slowly varying with the time.Taking the squares of the amplitude to represent the intensity or loudness of the sound which would be heard by an ear at the point, this is 4a 2 cos

**t**ir(ni - n2)**t**=2a 2 {1 -cos 27r(n l - n2)**t**}, a value which ranges between o and 4a 2 with frequency .n1 - n2.Let us suppose that with constant excess of pressure, p, in the wind-chest, the amplitude produced is proportional to the pressure, so that the two tones issuing may be represented by pa sin 27-nit and pb sin 21rn 2

**t**.Suppose now that F =a sin 22rn i

**t**+b sin 21rn 2**t**, the second term will evidently produce a series of combination tones of periodicities 2n 1, 2772, n, - n2, and n 1 -1-n 2, as in the first method.In some recent masonry arched bridges of spans up to ' so f

**t**.For this the expansion is about

**t**in.Let

**t**be the statical breaking strength of a bar, loaded once gradually up to fracture (**t**= breaking load divided by original area of section); u the breaking strength of a bar loaded and unloaded an indefinitely great number of times, the stress varying from u to o alternately (this is termed the primitive strength); and, lastly, let s be the breaking strength of a bar subjected to an indefinitely great number of repetitions of stresses equal and opposite in sign (tension and thrust), so that the stress ranges alternately from s to -s.Wohler's and Bauschinger's experiments give values of

**t**, u, and s, for some materials.If A

**t**A, are the cross sections of the tension and compression flanges or chords, and h the distance between their mass centres, then on the assumption that they resist all the direct horizontal forces the total stress on each flange is Ht=H,=M/h and the intensity of stress of tension or compression is f**t**= M/Ath, f c = M/Ach.Let s be the perpendicular from 0, the join of C and

**T**on the direction of S;**t**the perpendicular from A, the join of C and S on the direction of**T**; and c the perpendicular from B, the join of S and**T**on the direction of C. Taking moments about 0, Rx - W 1 (x+a) - W 2 (x+2a) =Ss; taking moments about A, R3a-W 1 2a-W 2 a =Tt; and taking moments about B, Rea-W I a = Cc.Or generally, if M 1 M2 M3 are the moments of the external forces to the left of 0, A, and B respectively, and s,

**t**and c the perpendiculars from 0, A and B on the directions of the forces cut by the section, then Ss=M11 Tt=M2andCc=M3.The House now consisted of 516 members, of whom 221 were of Slav nationality, 177 of German nationality, and 87 Social Democrats, so that in every national controversy

**t**he latter could carry a decision in accordance with their principles.It may seem at first that so many as 44 consonants can scarcely be necessary, but the explanation is that several of them express each a slightly different intonation of what is practically the same consonant, the sound of" kh,"for instance, being represented by six different letters and the sound of"

**t**"by eight.A hard-and-fast rule of pronunciation is that only vowel or diphthong sounds, or the letters" m," n," ng," k,"

**t**"and" p "are permissible at the end of words, and hence the final letter of all words ending in anything else is simply suppressed or is pronounced as though it were a letter naturally producing one or other of those sounds.The literary quarrel between him and Freeman excited general interest when it blazed out in a series of articles which Freeman wrote in the Contemporary Review (1878-1879)

**t**ort Froude's Short Study of Thomas Becket.Let E be the effective elasticity of the aether; then E = pc

**t**, where p is its density, and c the velocity of light which is 3 X 10 10 cm./sec. If = A cos" (**t**- x/c) is the linear vibration, the stress is E dE/dx; and the total energy, which is twice the kinetic energy Zp(d/dt) 2 dx, is 2pn2A2 per cm., which is thus equal to 1.8 ergs as above.On the 9th of February 1589 he preached at Paul's Cross a sermon on

**t**John iv.It ad1890

**t**a r i.This version is on the whole a fai

**t**hful reproduction of G 1.The west coast is indented by two deep inlets, (

**t**) the northernmost, the Gulf of Ismid (anc. Gulf of Astacus), penetrating between 40 and 50 m.Notices of his life are contained in the Eloges by Merard de Saint Just, Delisle de Salles, Lalande and Lacretelle; in a memoir by Arago, read the 26th of February 1844 before the Academie des Sciences, and published in Notices biographiques,

**t**.The factor

**T**becomes of importance in long range high angle fire, where the shot reaches the higher attenuated strata of the atmosphere; on the other hand, we must take about 800 in a calculation of shooting under water.We first determine the time

**t**in seconds required for the velocity of a shot, d inches in diameter and weighing w lb, to fall from any initial velocity V(f/s) to any final velocity v(f/s).Denoting the value of

**T**at any velocity v by**T**(v), then (8)**T**(v) = sum of all the preceding values of AT plus an arbitrary constant, expressed by the notation (9)**T**(v) =Z(Av)/gp+ a constant, or fdv/gp+ a constant, in which p is supposed known as a function of v.The constant may be any arbitrary number, as in using the table the difference only is required of two tabular values for an initial velocity V and final velocity v; and thus (to)

**T**(V) -**T**(v) = Ev Ov/gp or fvdv/gp; and for a shot whose ballistic coefficient is C (II)**t**=C[**T**(V) -**T**(v)].These functions,

**T**, S, D, 1, A, are shown numerically in the following extract from an abridged ballistic table, in which the velocity is taken as the argument and proceeds by an increment of 10 f/s; the column for p is the one determined by experiment, and the remaining columns follow by calculation in the manner explained above.The initial values of

**T**, S, D, I, A must be accepted as belonging to the anterior portion of the table.The first equation leads, as before, to

**t**=C{**T**(V)-**T**(v)}, (29) x=C{S(V)-S(v)}.Integrating (27) again, (31) y =g(zTt2t 2) = zgt(

**T**-**t**); and denoting**T**-**t**by**t**', and taking g= 32f/s2,) y =16tt', (32 which is Colonel Sladen's formula, employed in plotting ordinates.At the vertex A, where y =H, we have

**t**=**t**' =1-**T**, so that (33) H = sgT2, which for practical purposes, taking g= 32, is replaced by (34) H = 4T 2, or (2T)2.Replacing then the angle i on the right-hand side of equations (54) - (56) by some mean value,

**t**, we introduce Siacci's pseudovelocity u defined by (59) u = q sec,**t**, so that u is a quasi-component parallel to the mean direction of the tangent, say the direction of the chord of the arc.The term is of less practical importance in

**t**i tle English than in the Scottish system, where it held an important place in the practice of conveyancing, real property having been generally divided into feudal-holding and burgage-holding.A pellet of potassium when thrown on water at once bursts out into a violet flame and the burning metal fizzes about on the surface, its extremely high temperature precluding absolute contact with the liquid, exce p

**t**at the very end, when the last remnant, through loss of temperature, is wetted by the water and bursts with explosive violence.Schlomilch defines these functions as the coefficients of the power of

**t**in the expansion of exp 2p(**t**- t1).The list recognized four Gospels, Acts, thirteen epistles of Paul, two epistles of John, Jude, Apocalypse of John and (as the text stands) of Peter; there is no mention of Hebrews or (apparently) of 3 John or Epistles of Peter, where it is possible - we cannot say more - that the silence as to

**t**Peter is accidental; the Shepherd of Hermas on account of its date is admitted to private, but not public, reading; various writings associated with Marcion, Valentinus, Basilides and Montanus are condemned.He makes three classes; the first, including the Gospels, Acts, Epistles of Paul, i Peter,

**t**John, is acknowledged; to these, if one likes, one may add the Apocalypse.C A t4 'i"

**t**, Ir4CZ ' '!It is also true that Neoplatonism sought to come to an understanding 1 Porphyry wrote a book, lrfpi

**T**Aoyi a' CALAof001as, but this was before he became a pupil of Plotinus; as a philosopher he was independent of the Aoyca.If 1 denotes the logarithm to base e (that is, the so-called "Napierian " or hyperbolic logarithm) and L denotes, as above, " Napier's " logarithm, the connexion between 1 and L is expressed by L = r o 7 loge 10 7 - 10 7 / or e

**t**= I 07e-L/Ia7 Napier's work (which will henceforth in this article be referred to as the Descriptio) immediately on its appearance in 1614 attracted the attention of perhaps the two most eminent English mathematicians then living - Edward Wright and Henry Briggs.The phrase used is AELTOvp'yEl y

**T**7 V XeLrovpyLav, " to liturgize the liturgy."The h L lower Mississippi receives no large tributary from the

**T**e ower east, but two important ones come from the west; the Mississippi Arkansas drainage area being a little less than that River.The "residence of the physicians" (S) stands contiguous to the infirmary, and the physic garden (

**T**) at the north-east corner of the monastery.Near the gate to the south was the guest-hall or hospitium (

**T**).This inner gate conducted into the base court (

**T**), round which were placed the barns, stables, cow-sheds, &c. On the eastern side stood the dormitory of the lay brothers, fratres conversi (G), detached from the cloister, with cellars and storehouses below.The church here is of the Cistercian

**t**e YP with a short chancel of two squares, and transepts with three eastward chapels to each, divided by solid walls (222).The hall was a very spacious apartment, measuring 83 f

**t**.Of late years there has been a controversy among Anglican theologians as to the exact nature of the gif

**t**conveyed through confirmation, or, in other words, whether the Holy Spirit can be said to have come to dwell in those who have been baptized but not confirmed.The United States, nevertheless, insisted that such prohibition was indispensable on the grounds - (

**t**) that pelagic sealing involved the destruction of breeding stock, because it was practically impossible to distinguish between the male and female seal when in the water; (2) that it was unnecessarily wasteful, inasmuch as a large proportion of the seals so killed were lost.The award, which was signed and published on the 15th of August 1893, was in

**t**favour of Great Britain on all points.The St Lawrence varies only a few feet in the year and always has pellucid bluish-green water, while the Mississippi, whose tributaries begin only a short distance south of the Great Lakes, varies 40 f

**t**.At the mouth of the White, the Arkansas and the Mississippi the level of recurrent floods is 6 or 8 f

**t**.Thus the Roman letters E and F are liable to be confused in capital script, but not in cursive (e, f), C, G, in capitals, c, e in the cursive writing called Caroline minuscule, c,

**t**, in the angular cursive of the 13th century and later.Moreover, it is clear that Aristotle addressed himself to readers as well as hearers, as in concluding his whole theory of syllogisms he says, " There would remain for all of you or for our hearers (763,7 co y uµWV rt

**T**&?v ipcpoapEVwv) a duty of according to the defects of the investigation consideration, to its discoveries much gratitude " (Sophistical Elenchi, 34, 184 b 6).In order, however, to impute the whole work to Anaximenes, Spengel took one of the most inexcusable steps ever taken in the history of scholarship. Without any manuscript authority he altered the very first words " three genera " (

**T**pia -yin) into " two genera " (Suo -ybni), and omitted the words " one declamatory " (rO SE E7rLSEtKrucOv).Moreover, though each natural substance is corruptible (40apr6v), species is eternal (&

**t**&ov), because there was always some individual of it to continue its original essence (expressed by the imperfect tense in TO TI Etvae), which is ungenerated and incorruptible; the natural world therefore is eternal; and nature is for ever aiming at an eternal propagation, by efficient acting on matter, of essence as end.For God is a living being, eternal, very good Q'cuov i

**t**&ov eLpw'rov, ib.He especially owed his celebrity and fortune to his idea of crossing Niagara Falls on a tight-rope, i ioo f

**t**.Vaughan

**T**hompson,Zoological Researches (Cork,1830); memoir v., "Polyzoa, a new animal discovered as an inhabitant of some Zoophytes."In 978 she lef

**t**the court and lived partly in Italy, partly with her brother Conrad, king of Burgundy, by whose mediation she was ultimately reconciled to her son.In

**t**he Duplicidentata only is there more than a single pair of incisors, and in these the additional pair is small and placed behind the middle pair.The legends of Merlin and Arthur, collected in the Historia Regum Britanniae by Geoffrey of Monmouth (

**t**1154), passed into French literature, bearing the character which the bishop of St Asaph had stamped upon them.It was compiled from the notes of the marshal's squire, John d'Early (

**t**1230 or 1231), who shared all the vicissitudes of his master's life and was one of the executors of his will.In the case of prisms the resolving power ist (dµ/dX), where

**t**is the effective thickness of the medium traversed by the ray.If 1 2 and

**t**l are thicknesses traversed by the extreme rays,**t**=**t**2 -**t**,, and if, as is usually the case, the prism is filled right up to its refraction cap, = o, and**t**becomes equal to the greatest thickness of the medium which is made use of.A homogeneous oscillation is one which for all time is described by a circular function such as sin(nt+ a),

**t**being the time and n and a constants.The short tentacles (

**T**) are drawn on one side only.The city lies about 7000 f

**t**.The letters r and

**t**have been discarded in favour of 1 and k, as expressing more accurately the native pronunciation, so that, for example, taro, the former name of the Colocasia plant, is now kalo.The most considerable range of mountains occupies the centre of the province, the highest peak being the

**T**`ai-shan (5060 ft.), a mountain famous in Chinese history for more than 4000 years, and to which hundreds of pilgrims annually resort.The north point, indicated in some of the oldest compass cards with a broad arrow-head or a spear, as well as with a

**T**for Tramontano, gradually developed by a combination of these, about 1492, into a fleur de lis, still universal.Not only was its very existence an obstacle to .the

**T**he Parcy a n d the spread of their temporal power in the peninsula, Norman but it frequently acted in concert with the pope 's Kingdom enemies and thwarted the papal policy.**T**Cloth is a plain grey calico, similar in kind to the Mexican and exported to the same markets.There is no absolute distinction between the two cloths, but the

**T**cloth is generally lower in quality than the Mexican.On the other hand, while phonetically the above explanation was not inconsistent with such cases as rka dkah, bkah, bska, and nga, rnga, ngag, sngags, lnga, ngad and brtse, brdzun, dbyar, &c., where the italicized letters are pronounced in full and the others are left aside, it failed to explain other cases, such as dgra, mgron, spyod, snyan, sbrang, sbrul, bkra, k'ri, krad, k'rims, k'rus, &c., pronounced da, don, cod, or swod, cen, Bang, deu, ta,

**t**'i, tad or teh, tim, tu, &c., and many others, where the spoken forms are obviously the alteration by wear and tear of sounds originally similar to the written forms. Csoma de Koros, who was acquainted with the somewhat archaic sounds of Ladak, was able to point to only a few letters as silent.The process of cooling is thus represented by a path which runs vertically downwards till it cuts the 0 Molecular Percentage of Na

**t**S04 Siluer Copper FIG.Let us Freezing freeze out unit mass of solvent from a solution at its freezing point

**T**- dT and remove the ice, which is assumed to be the ice of the pure solvent.Then let us heat both ice and solution through the infinitesimal temperature range dT to the freezing point

**T**of the solvent, melt the ice by the application of an amount of heat L, which measures its latent heat of fusion, and allow the solvent so formed to enter the solution reversibly through a semi-permeable wall into an engine cylinder, doing an amount of work Pdv.Here n is the number of gramme-molecules of solute,

**T**the absolute temperature, R the gas constant with its usual "gas" value, p the vapour pressure of the solvent and v1 the volume in which one gramme-molecule of the vapour is confined.The probable error in neglecting any variation of specific heat is small, and we may calculate L from the values of Lo - (s - s') (To -

**T**), where s - s' is about 0.5 calories.In the equation dP/dT= X/

**T**(v 2 - v 1), P is the osmotic pressure,**T**the absolute temperature and X the heat of solution of unit mass of the solute when dissolving to form a volume v2 - v1 of saturated solution in an osmotic cylinder.This outer court also contains the guest-chambers (P), the stables and lodgings of the lay brothers (N), the barns and granaries (Q), the dovecot (H) and the bakehouse (

**T**).The suggested origin of the name Antwerp from Hand-werpen (hand-throwing), because a mythical robber chief indulged in the practice of cutting off his prisoners' hands and throwing them into the Scheldt, appeared to Motley rather farfetched, but it is less reasonable to trace it, as he inclines to do, from an

**t**werf (on the wharf), seeing that the form Andhunerbo existed in the 6th century on the separation of Austrasia and Neustria.Neither hot, cold, nor wet weather has practically any effect whatever upon i

**t**.Hostilities broke o

**t**at once, and Otto, who drew his main support from his hered'tary possessions in the Rhineland and Saxony, seized Aix-la-Cha s elle, and was crowned there on the 12th of July 1198.Luminous arcs (

**T**), tangential to the upper and lower parts of each halo, also occur, and in the case of the inner halo, the arcs may be prolonged to form a quasi-elliptic halo.1 The physical explanation of halos originated with Rene Descartes, who ascribed their formation to the presence of icecrystals in the atmosphere.The "tangential arcs" (

**T**) were explained by Young as being caused by the thin plates with their axes horizontal, refraction taking place through alternate faces.Cytological details of nuclear behaviour among the lichens are, however, difficult to obtain owing 'to the slow growth of these forms and the often refractory

**t**' nature of the material in the matter of preparation for microscopical ex amination.It is generally agreed that the period since 1885 has witnessed a very marked increase of missionary zeal and interest in Great Britain, both in the Church

**t**of England and among the Nonconformists.To the former belong the theorems (

**t**), (2), and (3), and to the latter especially the theorem (4), and also, probably, his solution of the two practical problems. We infer, then, [**t**] that Thales must have known the theorem that the sum of the three angles of a triangle are equal to two right angles.In the East the festival is known as the avitXi

**t**' cs, "taking up," or E rtcrco oµELn, a term first used in the Cappadocian church, and of which the meaning has been disputed, but which probably signifies the feast "of completed salvation."A horizontal incision is made in the bark quite down to the wood, and from this a perpendicular slit is drawn upwards to the extent of perhaps an inch, so that the slit has a resemblance to the letter

**T**, as at a.**T**, Part of resonating pipe, the upper end with cap and vent hole being shown separately at the side.Another charter, dated 1664, appointed two capital burgesses

**t**o be justices of the peace with the warden.I

**t**r1 D Uoeree e?s/, 'c pn.In other words, the composition of the frozen part and that of the mother-metal respectively are p and q at the beginning of the freezing, and r and

**t**' at the end; and during freezing they slide along Aa and AB from p to r and from q to**t**'.In short, from Ar 3 to Ar

**t**the excess substance ferrite or cementite, in hypoand hyper-eutectoid steels respectively, progressively crystallizes out as a network or skeleton within the austenite mothermetal, which thus progressively approaches the composition of hardenite, reaching it at Ar**t**, and there splitting up into ferrite and cementite interstratified as pearlite.Between H and S, Ar 3 and Ar 2 occur together, as do Ar 2 and Ar l between S and P' and Ar 3, Ar 2 and Ar

**t**at S itself; so that these critical points in these special cases are called Ar 3 _ 2, Ar2_1 and Ar 3 _ 2 _ 1 respectively.In order to utilize this power, the converting mill, in which the pig iron is converted into steel, and the rolling mills must adjoin

**t**h e blast - furnace.The farther descent of the bucket being thus arrested, the special cable

**T**is now slackened, so that the conical bottom of the bucket drops down, pressing down by its weight the the string of moulds, each thus containing a pig, moves slowly forward, the pigs solidify and cool, the more quickly because in transit they are sprayed with water or even submerged in L Winter Stock Pile .?**t**' S ..The special cable

**T**is now tightened again, and lifts the bottom of the bucket so as both to close it and to close the space between J and K, by allowing J to rise back to its initial place.The underwool is

**T**to T2 in.The verniers are attached to arms uu bearing on an enlargement of one trunnion of the telescope, one arm pro j ecting downwards and embracing a projection on the standard

**t**.Magee's manifold activities, his capability as an administrator, his sound judgment, and his remarkable insight into the ecclesiastical problems of his time, rank him among

**t**he most distinguished of English prelates.A series of heavy combats revealed his Pontefract in 1536, during the Pilgrimage of Grace, the archbishop, and Grant pursued the dwindling remnants of Lee's was compelled to join the rebels, but he did not sympathize with purpose army

**t**o the westward.Berkeley had already, in the Querist, attacked the mercan

**t**i le theory of the nature of national wealth and the functions of money, and Locke had, in a partial manner, shown that political economy could with advantage be viewed in relation to the modern system of critical philosophy.An example may prove this, but before quoting it, the question of determining b must be decided; this results immediately from the above quotation, b being the volume Vat the absolute zero (

**T**=0); so the volume of isomers ought to be compared at the absolute zero.Of the land in the possession of the peasants no less than 70% is under crops, and of the land in the larger estates 52%; of the former category

**t**i %, and of the latter 8%, is meadow.It is one of a chain of lakes which stud the floor of the valley and has an elevation of 3325 f

**t**.To take the simple case of the " wall " or flat plate considered by Fourier for the definition of thermal conductivity, suppose that a quantity of heat Q passes in the time

**T**through an area A of a plate of conductivity k and thickness x, the sides of which are constantly maintained at temperatures B' and 8".The heat Q transmitted in a given time

**T**may be deduced from an observation of the rise of temperature of the water, and the amount which passes in the interval.Stewart found for pure iron, k = .175 (i - .0015

**t**) C.G.S.The heat transmitted through the plane x is equal per unit area of surface to the product of k by the mean temperature gradient (de /dx) and the interval of time,

**T**-**T**'.We thus obtain the simple equation k'(de'/dx') - k"(de"/dx") =c (area between curves)/(

**T**-**T**'), (4) by means of which the average value of the diffusivity klc can be found for any convenient interval of time, at different seasons of the year, in different states of the soil.To illustrate the main features of the calculation, we may suppose that the surface is subject to a simple-harmonic cycle of temperature variation, so that the temperature at any time

**t**is given by an equation of the form 0 - 0 0 = Asin 27rnt= A sin 27rt/**T**, (5) where 0 0 is the mean temperature of the surface, A the amplitude of the cycle, n the frequency, and**T**the period.It was raised on a podium

**t**o ft.Of a somewhat different nature is the brick tea prepared chiefly at Ya-chou in Brick

**t**ea the province of Ssu-chuan, for overland transit to Tibet, for Tibet.Cul

**t**i To keep an estate clean and in good cultivation it re quires to be gone over every six weeks.The crowns should rise

**t**ft.The amoun brewed per head of the population amounted, in 1905, roughly

**t**160 imperial pints in the excise district; to 450 in Bavaria; 280 jI Wurttemberg; 260 in Baden; and 122 in Alsace-Lorraine.In England the powers of the local authorities are defined by ac,

**t**of parliament, and within the limits of these powers they have a free hand.The criminal code, based Cases

**t**on that of Prussia anterior to 1870, was ear.The banking law was designed tc reduce this circulation of notes; 19,250,000 was fixed as an aggre gate maximum of uncovered notes of

**t**,he banks.Bu,

**t**this was only a lull in the civil strife, which was renewed after the king had made a successful expedition into Bohemia.Although on the emperors side this struggle was conducted mainly with German troops

**t**falls properly under the history of Italy.The total number of auroras in the year is taken as 100, and

**t**denotes the time, in months, that has elapsed since the middle of January.Like his emperor ancestor, Rudolph, he had to conquer the lands over Maxi- which his descendants were destined to rule, and by milian

**t**arranging a treaty of succession to the kingdoms of Hungary and Bohemia, he pointed the way to power and empire in eastern Europe.In that country was a large party which, under the name of the " Irredentists," demanded that those Italian-speaking districts, South Tirol, Istria and the

**t**rea Trieste, which were under Austrian rule, should be joined to Italy; there were public meetings and riots in Italy; the Austrian flag was torn down from the consulate in Venice and the embassy at Rome insulted.The coast is for the most part flat, more regular in outline and less favourable to shipping, while in the east, 1 The name

**T**pcvaKpia was no doubt suggested by the OpcvaKln of Homer (which need not, however, be Sicily), and the geography was then fitted to the apparent meaning given to the name by the change.C.

**t**is on symmetry and proportion; c. 2 on various forms of Greek temples, e.g.C.

**t**is on selection of sites; c. 2 on the planning of buildings to suit different sites; c. 3 on private houses, their construction and styles, the names of the different apartments; c. 4 on the aspects suited for the various rooms; c. 5 on buildings fitted for special positions; c. 6 on farms and country houses; c. 7 on Greek houses and the names of various parts; c. 8 on construction of houses in wood, stone, brick or concrete.C.

**t**has for its subject pavements and roads, their construction, mosaic floors; c. 2 is on white stucco for walls (opus albarium); c. 3 on concrete vaults, gypsum mouldings, stucco prepared for painting; c. 4 on building of hollow walls to keep out the damp, wall decoration by various processes; c. 5 on methods and styles of wall painting, the debased taste of his time; c. 6 on fine stucco made of pounded marble - three coats to receive wall paintings; c. 7 on colours used for mural decoration; c. 8 on red lead (minium) and mercury, and how to use the latter to extract the gold from wornout pieces of stuff or embroidery; c. 9 on the preparation of red lead and the method of encaustic painting with hot wax, finished by friction; cc. to-14 on artificial colours - black, blue, purple;, c. to white lead and ostrum, i.e.Vessels drawing 16 f

**t**.Greek Ci

**t**ies now arose in all its provinces, superseding in g many cases native market places and villages, and holding the vantage-points of commerce.Now if a be the amplitude expressed in millimetres, and

**t**the period expressed in seconds, then the maximum velocity of an earth particle as it vibrates to and fro equals 27ra/**t**, whilst the maximum acceleration equals 4,r 2 0 2.It is possible to adjust the apparatus so that a tilt of Tolua sec. of arc, or a change of slope of

**t**in.For some he was identical with Horus, and then phil was falcon-headed and was called Hor-akhti, the Horus of of

**t**horizons.This nether his -ld was known as the Duat (Dat, Ti), and through it passed in

**t**sun on his journey during the hours of night; here too, as nim sy thought, dwelt the dead and their king Osiris.Certain of the carri al gods early became identified with cosmic divinities, and inst latter thus became the objects of a cult; so, for instance, in

**t**Horus of Edfu was a sun-god, and Thoth in Hermopolis as gna was held to be the moon.It is probable that the verb had a special form denoting condition, as in Arabic. There was a causative form prefixing

**t**, and ti-aces of forms resembling Piel and Niphal are observed.While the governor

**T**rkish was appointed by the feudal lord, the finance minister goUvernors continued to be appointed by the caliph.By this treaty Treaty of Sweden gave back the province of Trondhjem and the

**T**Copen= isle of Bornholm and released Denmark from the most hagen, onerous of the obligations of the treaty of Roskilde.Old shore lines and other indications point to the level of the lake having once been 50 f

**t**.In the simplest case it may consist of a single cell, which may tions occur, and the thallus is more or less the continuous tube from remain free during the whole of the greater part of its

**t**xistence, which the group is named.While admitting, therefore, that there are several facts in favour of the theory of an African origin of the Bovidae, final judgment Notation to E to

**t**from from or even f 8va balsa.It is probably the red sanders or red 1 Comptes Rendus,

**t**.In keloid 20 minims of a

**t**o% solution is injected directly into the part.But the sameness is relieved along the western coast of the shires of Sutherland and Ross and Cromarty by groups of cones and stacks, and farther south by the terraced plateaus and abru p

**t**conical hills of Skye, Rum and Mull.The severity of the forest laws which prevailed during

**t**he Norman period is sufficient evidence of the sporting ardour of William and his successors.The numerous tests of the strength of timber which have been made by various authorities from time to time vary so much, both as regards the conditions under which they were carried out and the results obtained, that

**T**; ?;berh great discretion is required in using them for any practical purpose.Then follows a decree of the emperor (

**T**`ait-sung, a very famous prince), issued in 638, in favour of the new doctrine, and ordering a church to be built in the square of justice and peace (Ining fang) in the capital.But even if, by omitting these accidental items, the list be reduced to thirty, a sufficient number will be lef

**t**to indicate the cosmopolitan character of the city.Mond (1862), but as these required the use of hydrochloric acid, and as they only recovered about half of the Scale

**T**6.