KAZALA, or Kazalinsk, a fort and town in the Russian province of Syr-darya in West Turkestan, at the point where the Kazala River falls into the Syr-darya, about 50 m.
Notwithstanding the salt springs of Ferghana and Syr-darya, the salt lakes of the region, and the rock-salt strata of the Alexander Mountains, salt is imported.
The only other province containing any considerable number of Russians is Syr-darya, where there are about 10,000 settlers (less than 1% of the population).
It rises abruptly from the desert and lifts its snowy peaks to altitudes of 15,000-16,000 ft., separating the river Syr-darya from the river Zarafshan.
The Ferghana Mountains, which are cleft by the Naryn (upper Syr-darya) river, have a mean altitude of 10,000 ft., but attain elevations of 12,740 ft.
They are supposed to be recent immigrants to Syr-darya, having come from the former Bulgarian Empire on the middle Volga.
Kug-Aral, the largest, lies opposite the mouth of the Syr-darya, cutting off the Kichkinehdenghiz or Little Sea.
And S., and by the Russian provinces of Ferghana, Syr-darya, and Akmolinsk on the W.
Above its confluence with the Syr-darya, in 40° 20' N., 69° 18' E.
It is bounded by the provinces of Syr-darya on the N.