His success in conquering Sicily earned him the surname of "the Great."
BARNABAS, in the New Testament, the surname, according to Acts iv.
The elder of these, succeeding as 3rd Baron Grantham (1781-1859), became in 1833 2nd Earl de Grey, in right of his maternal aunt, and assumed the surname of de Grey; he was lord-lieutenant of Ireland (1841-44).
Under what circumstances, and by whose selection, the surname was attached to a king, is obscure.
He earned the surname of "Pious" by banishing his sisters and others of immoral life from court; by attempting to reform and purify monastic life; and by showing great liberality to the church.
His name was Zahir ud-din-Mahomet, and he was given the surname of Baber, meaning the tiger.
(1440-1490), king of Hungary, also known as Matthias Corvinus, a surname which he received from the raven (corvus) on his escutcheon, second son of Janos Hunyadi and Elizabeth Szilagyi, was born at Kolozsvar, probably on the 23rd of February 1440.
In the absence of positive information the 4th-century writers (on whom Plutarch and Nepos mainly rely) seized upon his surname of "Just," and wove round it a number of anecdotes more picturesque than historical.
At the bloody battle of Nicopolis, where he earned his surname of "the Fearless."
His father was Cassius Apronianus, governor of Dalmatia and Cilicia under Marcus Aurelius, and on his mother's side he was the grandson of Dio Chrysostom, who had assumed the surname of Cocceianus in honour of his patron the emperor Cocceius Nerva.
GAIUS MARIUS VICTORINUS (4th century A.D.), Roman grammarian, rhetorician and neo-Platonic philosopher, an African by birth (whence his surname Afer), lived during the reign of Constantius II.
It is equally certain that almost every one of the long line of princes and voivods bore a Slavonic surname, perhaps due to the influence of the Slavonic Church, to which the Rumanians belonged.
By his conduct in many stubborn fights with these foes, Robert thoroughly earned his surname and gained the confidence of the king, who gave him the counties of Nevers and Auxerre.
All that is certainly known, however, is that in Domesday the manor is assigned to one Roger, who took his surname from it.
His surname is given by himself as "Serveto " in his early works, " per Michaelem Serueto, alias Reues."
His later adopted surname, Villanovanus or de Villeneufve, was no mere pseudonym since he followed his father's example.
Henry was a man of great ambition, and won his surname of "Lion" by his personal bravery.
6 the Gaetulians rose in a revolt of sufficient importance to afford the surname Gaetulicus to Cornelius Lentulus Cossus, the Roman general who helped to suppress it.
His original name was Octavian, but when he assumed the papal tiara as successor to Agapetus II., he adopted the apostolic name of John, the first example, it is said, of the custom of altering the surname in connexion with elevation to the papal chair.
A college of Luperci, with the surname Juliani, was instituted in his honour and flamines were created as priests of his godhead.
He was called Jean le Rond from the church near which he was found; the surname Alembert was added by himself at a later period.
Of the showers), who became king of Ireland in 763; his surname, of which several fanciful explanations have been suggested, probably commemorating merely weather of exceptional severity at his birth.
Metellus, who earned by this success the surname of Creticus (67 B.C.).
THOMAS ERASTUS (1524-1583), German-Swiss theologian, whose surname was Luber, Lieber, or Liebler, was born of poor parents on the 7th of September 1524, probably at Baden, canton of Aargau, Switzerland.
He assumed the name of Mahommed when he embraced the Mussulman faith; and on account of his military prowess he obtained the surname Alp Arslan, which signifies "a valiant lion."
It lies on the Uska-Nepal road at mile 19.75; and about half a mile south of the boundary pillar numbered 44 on the frontier line between British and Nepalese 1 A surname given to Pippin III.
Finally, Baha-uddin was invited to Iconium by `Ala-uddin Kaikubad (1219-1236), the sultan of Asia Minor, or, as it is commonly called in the East, Ram - whence Jalaluddin's surname (takhallus) Rumi.
The official surname of Antiochus II., Theos, suggests that he himself had here been the innovator.
He was born (January 1, 1431) at Xativa, near Valencia in Spain, and his father's surname was Lanzol or Llancol; that of his mother's family, Borgia or Borja, was assumed by him on the elevation of his maternal uncle to the papacy as Calixtus III.
He derived his surname from the fact that his ancestors were burgraves or chatelains of the town; his parents, who belonged to illustrious Flemish families, were probably the Jean Chastellain and his wife Marie de Masmines mentioned in the town records in 1425 and 1432.
He saw active service in the Anglo-French wars and probably elsewhere, winning the surname of L'adventureux.
The fine ruins which have been discovered at the last-mentioned place have earned for it the surname of the African.
RHETICUS, or RHAETICUS (1514-1576), a surname given to GEORGE JOACHIM, German astronomer and mathematician, from his birth at Feldkirch in that part of Tirol which was anciently the territory of the Rhaeti.
His zeal in founding monasteries earned for him his surname "the Pious," and canonization by Pope Innocent VIII.
We next find him at Lyons (1535) editing scientific works for the Trechsel firm, adopting the " Villanovanus " surname, which he constantly used till the year of his death.
This Edmund received in his own day the surname of Crouchback, not, as was afterwards supposed, from a personal deformity, but from having worn a cross upon his back in token of a crusading vow.
Doubtless there were many who bore the name of John in the early Christian communities; we read, for instance, of ` John, whose surname was Mark,' and there may have been a second John in Asia, since at Ephesus, we are told, there were two tombs said to be John's..
If the generally accepted explanation of his surname ("man of Kerioth"; see Josh.
My name is Platon, and the surname is Karataev, he added, evidently wishing to make it easier for Pierre to address him.
Claire Elizabeth is one of us now and bears the surname Gustefson, not Leblanc as her birth certificate reads.
Having become king of Navarre on Jeanne's death in 1349, he suppressed a rising at Pampeluna with much cruelty, and by this and similar actions thoroughly earned his surname of "The Bad."
The surname Miaoulis, which was added to his family name of Vokos, or Bokos, is said to be derived from the Turkish word miaoul, a felucca.
A native of Apamea in Syria and a pupil of Panaetius, he spent after his teacher's death many years in travel and scientific researches in Spain (particularly at Gades), Africa, Italy, Gaul, Liguria, Sicily and on the eastern shores of the Adriatic. When he settled as a teacher at Rhodes (hence his surname "the Rhodian") his fame attracted numerous scholars; next to Panaetius he did most, by writings and personal intercourse, to spread Stoicism in the Roman world, and he became well known to many leading men, such as Marius, Rutilius Rufus, Pompey and Cicero.
Frederick assumed the government in 1768, and in his long and eventful reign, which saw the electorate elevated to the dignity of a kingdom, though deprived of more than half its area, he won the surname of the Just.
THOMAS OF ERCELDOUNE, called also THE Rhymer, and sometimes given the surname of Learmont (ft. ?
His surname "of Antequera" was given him because he was besieging that town, then in the hands of the Moors, when he was told that the cortes of Aragon had elected him king in succession to his uncle Martin, the last male of the old line of Wilfred the Hairy.
BIBULUS, a surname of the Roman gens Calpurnia.
He was the son of General James Lindsay of Balcarres, but took the additional surname of Loyd in 1858 on marrying the heiress of Lord Overstone, the banker; he fought with his regiment the Scots Fusilier Guards in the Crimea and won the V.C., retiring as lieutenant-colonel.
HYRCANUS ('Tprcavos), a Greek surname, of unknown origin, borne by several Jews of the Maccabaean period.
They had discussed choosing one surname many years back, but their names were the only connection that remained to their human lives, so decided against it.
Niall of the black knee), one of the most famous of the early Irish kings, from whom the family surname of the O'Neills was derived.
O'Neill, grandson of Neill, or Niall, the name O'Neill becoming about this time an hereditary family surname 2), whose grandson, Flaherty, became renowned for piety by going on a pilgrimage to Rome in 1030.
In spite of his surname, and of his knowledge of the French language, his attitude towards foreigners attests that he was of English birth.
In this battle Sigebert, the king of the Ripuarians, was wounded in the knee and limped during the remainder of his life - hence his surname Claudus (the Lame).
The founder of the Jacobite Church in Asia owed his surname (Burdeana) to his rough horse-cloth.
BEATUS RHENANUS (1485-1547), German humanist, was born in 1485 at Schlettstadt in Alsace, where his father, named Bild, a native of Rheinau (hence the surname Rhenanus), was a prosperous butcher.
The story that he received the surname of "Fowler" because the nobles, sent to inform him of his election to the throne, found him engaged in laying snares for the birds, appears to be mythical.
His personal qualities won for him the surname of "the Bear," and he is also called by later writers "the Handsome."
AURIFABER (the latinized form of Goldschmidt), a surname borne by three prominent men of the Reformation period in Germany.