Stimuli sentence example

stimuli
  • In point of fact, many stimuli are beneath the " threshold " of a man's consciousness.
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  • The threshold-value of the stimuli adequate for the various senses may be extraordinarily lowered.
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  • By the rules of induction from concomitant variations, we are logically bound to infer the realistic conclusion that outer physical stimuli cause inner sensations of sensible effects.
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  • It is easy to realize how such a rhythm can be modified by the reception of stimuli, and can consequently serve as the basis for the movement of the stimulated organ.
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  • This theory of complementary colours as due to the polarity in the qualitative action of the retina is followed by some criticism of Newton and the seven colours, by an attempt to explain some facts noted by Goethe, and by some reference to the external stimuli which cause colour.
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  • On the contrary, a belief that conduct necessarily results upon the presence of certain motives, and that upon the application of certain incentives, whether of pain or pleasure, upon the presence of certain stimuli whether in the shape of rewards or punishments, actions of a certain character will necessarily ensue, would seem to vindicate the rationality of ordinary penal legislation, if its aim be deterrent or reformatory, to a far greater extent than is possible upon the libertarian hypothesis.
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  • Stimuli applied generally, not unilaterally, in most cases induce increased divisibility of the cells of the part.
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  • His definitely expressed view was that psychical activity is " nothing but a radiation through the cells of the grey substance of the brain of a motion set up by external stimuli."
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  • But what was new was the application of this doctrine to the relations between the stimuli and the socalled " intensity " of sensations.
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  • He agrees with Fechner that physical process of nerve and psychical process of mind are really the same psychophysical process as appearing on the one hand to an observer and on the other hand to one's own consciousness; and that physical phenomena only produce physical phenomena, so that those materialists and realists are wrong who say that physical stimuli produce sensations.
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  • The long-continued incitement to catabolism of the waking day thus of itself predisposes the nerve cells towards rebound into the opposite phase; the increased catabolism due to the day's stimuli induces increase of anabolism, and though recuperation goes on to a large extent during the day itself, the recuperative process is slower than, and lags behind, the disintegrative.
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  • Many children do well on the auditory word discrimination subtest of TAPS, which uses auditory stimuli, but perform poorly on the G-F-W Test of Auditory Discrimination, which uses visual stimuli.
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  • Breath holding spells are episodes of brief, involuntary cessations of breathing that occur in children in response to stimuli such as anger, frustration, fear, or injury.
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  • Most children with these disorders seem to have a biological vulnerability to stress, making them more susceptible to environmental stimuli than the rest of the population.
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  • Stimuli that may provoke a reaction include surgery, especially gastrointestinal surgery; a change to a low fat diet, which includes an increased number of wheat-based foods; severe emotional stress; or a viral infection.
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  • This standardized test scores responses to 33 specific neurological stimuli to estimate the infant's neural development.
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  • Dubowitz exam-Standardized test that scores responses to 33 specific neurological stimuli to estimate an infant's neural development and, hence, gestational age.
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  • This bending part has been proved to be insensitive to the stimuli.
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  • It cannot then be excited to contract by any agent, though the inexcitable period is more brief for strong than for weak stimuli.
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  • The axons of the motor neurons are, inasmuch as they are nerve fibres in nerve trunks, easily accessible to artificial stimuli.
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  • Heidenhain's view is that the cortical centres of the hemisphere are inhibited by peculiar conditions attaching to the initiatory sense stimuli.
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  • Stimuli that activate the immune system and lead to the induction of strong immune responses are called adjuvants.
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  • I am currently using grating and plaid stimuli to investigate the spatial frequency tuning of the motion aftereffect.
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  • Consistent with neuropsychological findings, both types of fearful stimuli activated the amygdala.
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  • Animal and human studies implicate the amygdala in conditioning to aversive stimuli and orbitofrontal cortex in reversal learning.
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  • Airway response to stimuli There are three phases to the asthmatic response of an atopic asthmatic following exposure to an allergen.
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  • In order to resolve stimulus equivalence, stimuli can be combined into classes whenever a unique behavior is required.
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  • The transduction of mechanical stimuli into afferent neuronal firing is still poorly understood.
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  • These agents also engender stimulus generalization gradients similar to those of exteroceptive stimuli as a function of modifications of their chemical composition.
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  • All four types of stimuli activated the superior temporal gyrus.
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  • We have a large collection of mouse mutants with well-characterised auditory defects but only a superficial study of their physiological responses to various stimuli.
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  • So it can act as an area that produces a warning mechanism for potentially noxious stimuli.
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  • I also think business people are far too parochial in their intake of stimuli that could help them innovate.
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  • Sensitivity to stimuli of first and second order motion was measured, using a two alternative forced choice preferential looking procedure.
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  • Physical, visual and auditory stimuli can have powerful subconscious learning effects.
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  • There is, however, very great delicacy of perception or appreciation on the part of the sense organ, stimuli being responded to which are quite incapable of impressing themselves upon the most highly differentiated animal.
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  • Special Cell-Modifications for the Reception of Stimuli.In studying the physiology of movement in plants certain modifications of cell-structure have been observed which appear to have been developed for the reception of the stimuli by which the response to light, gravity and contact are brought about.
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  • Though stimuli are composite, sensations are not.
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  • We are now in a position to give an expanded definition of instinctive behaviour as comprising those complex groups of co-ordinated acts which, though they contribute to experience, are, on their first occurrence, not determined by individual experience; which are adaptive and tend to the well-being of the individual and the preservation of the race; which are due to the co-operation of external and internal stimuli; which are similarly performed by all members of the same more or less restricted group of animals; but which are subject to variation, and to subsequent modification under the guidance of individual experience.
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  • The impulse to migrate, that is to say, the calling forth of specific activities by climatal or other presentations, appears to be instin tive; whether the direction of migration is in like manner instinctive is a matter of uncertainty; and, if it be instinctive, the nature of the stimuli and the manner in which they are hereditarily linked with responsive acts is unexplained.
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  • Sensory neurones: Nerve cells within the nervous system responsible for converting external stimuli from the organism 's environment into internal electrical impulses.
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  • The external stimuli of a picture of a cat could spark off such emotive responses in you.
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  • Display of several optical illusions, to illustrate the way the brain perceives certain visual stimuli.
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  • Nociceptive nerves, which preferentially detect injury-causing stimuli, have been identified in a variety of animals, including invertebrates.
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  • Having an unusual response to sensory stimuli â i.e. sound, light, smell, shadows.
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  • Standard and deviant stimuli were within each set identical up to the divergence point, which was their last phoneme.
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  • In our motion perception study we are investigating the spatio-temporal correlates of motion stimuli in normal adult humans using the multichannel EEG.
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  • Lower lights, reduce visual stimuli, swaddle the baby and turn on some white noise.
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  • Have to be to vasodilator stimuli of california san actual course of events.
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  • Repeat using unforced consonant " s " and, possibly, other stimuli such as warble tones.
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  • These materials interact with external stimuli like soaps and stimuli to produce unwanted effects.
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  • A cat's response to certain stimuli may harken back to her ancestor's days in the wild.
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  • Children born to women who used a form of THC often have out of the ordinary responses to visual stimuli.
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  • The idea behind both stimuli is to interrupt and discourage unwanted behaviors.
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  • Of the two stimuli available, the static charge is preferable to the sonic correction because some dogs will later react to similar sounds heard from pagers and cell phones.
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  • When they get enough sleep, the brains of sleeping teens are able to react to stimuli better, allowing the teens to make better decisions throughout their life.
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  • Thus, dwarfism can result if there is a deficiency in any of these hormones, if there is a failure in the receptor cells receiving the hormonal stimuli, or if the target cells are unable to respond.
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  • The kinds of stimuli that cause a pain response on the skin include pricking, cutting, crushing, burning, and freezing.
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  • These same stimuli would not generate much of a response in the intestine.
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  • Intestinal pain arises from stimuli such as swelling, inflammation, and distension.
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  • In a supplement to the CAT-the CAT-S-the stimuli include pictures of children in common family situations such as prolonged illnesses, births, deaths, and separations from parental figures.
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  • Electrodes are placed on the skin around the eye and the individual is subjected to a variety of stimuli so that the quality of eye movements can be assessed.
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  • A = Activity (or muscle tone); P = Pulse; G = Grimace (or reflexes to stimuli); A = Appearance (or skin color), and R = Respiration.
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  • Grimace: No response to stimuli = 0; some response, a slight cry or grimace = 1; active response, coughing, sneezing, or vigorously crying = 2.
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  • The stimuli used to evoke a response can be the use of nasal suctioning, stroking the back to assess for spinal abnormalities, having the foot tapped.
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  • This technique, called functional MRI, involves rapid imaging to display changes in the brain's blood flow in response to tasks or visual and auditory stimuli.
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  • When evaluating infants, rather than testing of threshold levels, the examiner establishes the minimum response level at which the child responds to auditory stimuli.
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  • The most common way of measuring auditory discrimination with P300 is the oddball paradigm, in which a series of low-frequency auditory stimuli is randomly interspersed with high-frequency stimuli.
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  • Sleepwalking can be triggered by external stimuli, such as an abrupt noise, or by moving a sleeping child to a standing position.
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  • Maintaining a quiet home without sudden disruptive noise will minimize some of the external stimuli that may trigger night terrors.
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  • A projective test asks a child to interpret some ambiguous stimuli, such as a series of inkblots.
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  • Toys, dolls, or other items are often included in the setting to provide stimuli.
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  • A lymphocyte proliferation test is done to determine if the lymphocytes can respond to stimuli.
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  • The changes that take place in the lungs of people with asthma make the airways (the "breathing tubes," or bronchi and the smaller bronchioles) hyper-reactive to many different types of stimuli that do not affect healthy lungs.
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  • Easy children: About 40 percent of the NYLS sample displayed a temperamental profile marked by regularity, ease of approach to new stimuli, adaptability to change, mild to moderate mood intensity, and a generally positive mood.
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  • They had irregular patterns of eating and sleeping, withdrew from new stimuli, did not adapt easily to change, and reacted intensely to changes.
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  • These children tended to withdraw from new stimuli and had difficulty adapting to change, but their reactions were of mild intensity and gradually became either neutral or positive with repeated exposures to the new event or person.
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  • Goldsmith and Campos, however, emphasized the speed and intensity of children's responses to stimuli as well as the specific emotions involved.
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  • Vocal reactivity: The baby's level of vocal responses to stimuli in its daily routine.
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  • Perceptual sensitivity: The infant's ability to detect low-intensity stimuli in its environment.
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  • High-intensity pleasure: The infant's reactions to pleasurable stimuli or activities of high intensity, such as loud music or bright lights.
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  • In Rothbart's view, what she calls the attentional system allows the child to regulate his or her outward behavior as well as internal reactions to stimuli.
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  • Exuberant children, on the other hand, are thought to have a relatively high level of activity in the prefrontal cortex in response to certain stimuli.
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  • Some infants are hypersensitive to stimuli, and their crying will get worse if they receive any more than a minimum of comforting, such as parental holding or cuddling.
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  • One of the basic aspects of an individual's ability to think and know (cognition) is how one is able to perceive certain stimuli.
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  • Furby took the toy world by storm with its innovative ability to respond to stimuli, even expanding its language development as a child interacted with it.
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  • The level of the toy's artificial intelligence means it's equipped with the ability to make over 40 noises in response to stimuli, making it quite entertaining.
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  • Nonverbal communication could be gestures, idiosyncratic movements, cultural habits, posture, involuntary physiological responses to stimuli, and "costumes and scenery."
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  • Involuntary responses to stimuli can be something simple like scratching an arm because it itches or something much more subtle.
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  • By systematically studying how the phenomenon responds to different stimuli, you may be able to identify a response pattern that could provide clues as to the source of EVP recordings.
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  • Just as paranormal investigators remove sensory stimuli when reviewing evidence of their ghost hunts, you can also benefit from the removal of external stimuli such as ambient light and background noise.
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  • Jazz prodigy Matt Savage was diagnosed with Pervasive Developmental Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) at the age of three and suffered from severe sensory processing challenges, particularly to auditory stimuli.
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  • Those with autism can be hyper-sensitive to stimuli like sounds, smells, textures, lighting conditions, and colors that the average person might not even notice, finding them extremely distracting, upsetting, or even painful.
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  • Understanding how I process information, respond to stimuli, and perceive the world and my environment has been a life-saver.
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  • Remember that autistic children may be hypersensitive to certain sensory stimuli.
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  • When setting up the classroom and designing the lesson plan, remember to try to minimize these stimuli, such as bright lights, loud noises, and certain textures.
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  • Sensory integration therapy: Sensory integration therapy can help an autistic person with sensory issues improve sensory reactions to stimuli and express himself more effectively.
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  • The first step for you may be considering your creativity as a thing that needs to be nurtured and given appropriate stimuli.
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  • In theory, this boosts fat loss due to more lipolytic stimuli being delivered to fat cells.
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  • It is evident in the body's response to threats and potentially harmful stimuli.
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  • By means of vibrations or shocks transmitted through the - Sub water, or by displacements in the balance or position of the animal, the otoliths are caused to impinge against the bristles of the sensory cells, now on one side, now on the other, causing shocks or stimuli which are transmitted by the basal nerve-fibre to the central nervous system.
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  • They are the power Of receiving impressions or stimuli from the exterior, and of communicating with each other, with the view of co-ordinating a suitable response.
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  • The second is Fechner's method; it consists of recording the changes in feeling-tone produced in a subject by bringing him in contact with a series of conditions, objects or stimuli graduated according to a scientific plan and presented singly in pairs or in groups.
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  • The loss of an eye will be followed by atrophy of the optic nerve; the tissues in a stump of an amputated limb show atrophic changes; a paralysed limb from long disuse shows much wasting; and one finds at great depths of the sea fishes and marine animals, which have almost completely lost the organs of sight, having been cut off for long ages from the stimuli (light) essential for these organs, and so brought into an atrophic condition from disuse.
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  • Among stimuli acting unilaterally, perhaps none has proved more interesting, in late times, than what is known as Chemiotaxis.
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  • That they are in some cases produced by physical or sensory stimuli does not constitute them irrational, and it is purely arbitrary to confine the word pleasure to those cases in which such stimuli are the proximate causes.
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  • One end of the body, through contact, during locomotion, with fresh tracts of medium and other forms of stimuli, has become more specialized than the rest, and here the nervous system and sense-organs are more densely aggregated than elsewhere, forming a means of controlling locomotion and of correlating the activities of the inner organs with the varying stimuli that impinge upon the body.
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  • From antiquity men had applied themselves to determine the relations between the physical stimuli and the socalled " quality " of sensations.
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  • But he had also to endure countless objections to his mathematical statement of Weber's law, to his unnecessary assumption of units of sensation, and to his unjustifiable transfer of the law from physical to physiological stimuli of sensations, involving in his opinion his parallelistic view of body and mind.
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  • He accepts Fechner's extension of Weber's law of the external stimuli of sense, while judiciously remarking that " the physiological interpretation is entirely hypothetical."
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  • The increments of contraction become, however, less and less, until the succeeding stimuli serve merely to maintain, not to augment, the existing degree of contraction.
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  • Certain it is that in the course of the waking day a great number of stimuli play on the sense organs, and through these produce disintegration of the living molecules of the central nervous system.
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  • Patients with panic attack disorder respond discriminatively to their own interoceptive anxiety stimuli, which are attenuated by administering tricyclic antidepressant medications.
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  • We are attempting to identify which areas of the brain are greatly affected by aversive stimuli.
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  • It is not capable of responding to stimuli in its environment.
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  • A further stage in evolution is that the muscle-cells lose their connexion with the epithelium and come to lie entirely beneath it, forming a sub-epithelial contractile layer, developed chiefly in the tentacles of the polyp. The of the evolution of the ganglioncells is probably similar; an epithelial cell develops processes of nervous nature from the base, which come into connexion with the bases of the sensory cells, with the muscular cells, and with the similar processes of other nerve-cells; next the nerve-cell loses its connexion with the outer epithelium and becomes a sub-epithelial ganglion-cell which is closely connected with the muscular layer, conveying stimuli from the sensory cells to the contractile elements.
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  • The now well-known fact that small doses of poisonous substances may act as stimuli to living protoplasm, and that respiratory activity and growth may be accelerated by chloroform, ether and even powerful mineral poisons, such as mercuric chloride, in minimal doses, offers some explanation of these phenomena of hypertrophy, wound fever, and other responses to the presence of irritating agents.
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  • It is different, too, for different senses with the same observer, and different even for the same sense when the external stimuli differ in intensity.
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  • When muscle that has remained inactive for some time is excited by a series of single and equal stimuli succeeding at intervals too prolonged to cause summation the succeeding contractions exhibit progressive increase up to a certain degree.
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  • In them areas are found whence stimuli excite movements of this or that finger alone, of the upper lip without the lower, of the tip only of the tongue, or of one upper eyelid by itself.
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  • The data of sense are mere stimuli, not partial or confused representations.
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  • There are then, at least within the limits of moderate sensations, concomitant variations between stimuli and sensations, not only in " quality," as in the intervals of sounds, which were understood long ago, but also in " intensity "; and the discovery of the latter is the importance of Weber's and Fechner's law.
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  • He holds that it is through our moral consciousness that we know that we are free; in the cognition that I ought to do what is right because it is right and not because I like it, it is implied that this purely rational volition is possible; that my action can be determined, not " mechanically," through the necessary operation of the natural stimuli of pleasurable and painful feelings, but in accordance with the laws of my true, reasonable self.
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  • At a later date in the life of the individual, by some unknown stimuli, they resume their active power of proliferation and so give rise to new growths.
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  • It may merely act locally in some way, and so render that part susceptible to unknown tissue stimuli which impart to the cells that extraordinary power of proliferation characteristic of new growth.
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  • The nerve cell just prior to sleep is still well capable of response to stimuli, although perhaps the threshold-value of the stimulus has become rather high, whereas after entrance upon sleep and continuance of sleep for several hours, and more, when all spur to the dissimilation process has been long withheld, the threshold-value of the sensory stimulus becomes enormously higher than before.
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  • Thus it is found that the action of the heart is accelerated by pleasant, and retarded by unpleasant, stimuli; again, changes of weight and volume are found to accompany modifications of affection - and so on.
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  • In deep sleep the threshold-value of the stimuli for the various senses is very greatly raised, rising rapidly during the first hour and a half of sleep, and then declining with gradually decreasing decrements.
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