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statistical

In general theory special studies by other men cannot play the same part as they do in historical and statistical work.

163The statistical contrasts are especially sharp and characteristic when we take into account the chronological sequence in the elaboration of laws.

163Holloway, Indianapolis, a Historical and Statistical Sketch (Indianapolis, 1870); the Indianapolis Board of Trade's Report on the Industries of Indianapolis (1889); Civic Studies of Indianapolis (Indianapolis, 1907 seq.), edited by Arthur W.

113Coghlan, A Statistical Account of the Seven Colonies of Australasia, 8vo (Sydney, 1904); G.

94These institutions were the means of collecting a vast amount of statistical and general information connected with agriculture, and by their publications and premiums made known the practices of the best-farmed districts and encouraged their adoption elsewhere.

71These institutions were the means of collecting a vast amount of statistical and general information connected with agriculture, and by their publications and premiums made known the practices of the best-farmed districts and encouraged their adoption elsewhere.

71This university was founded in 1621 and the university of Buenos Aires in 1821, but although Bonpland and some other European scientists were members of the faculty of Buenos Aires in its early years, neither there nor at Cordoba was any marked attention given to the natural sciences until President Sarmiento (official term, 1868-1874) initiated scientific instruction at the university of Cordoba under the eminent German naturalist, Dr Hermann Burmeister (1807-1892), and founded the National Observatory at Cordoba and placed it under the direction of ' There are two distinct statistical offices compiling immigration returns and their totals do not agree, owing in part to the traffic between Buenos Aires and Montevideo.

75His father, Edward Wakefield (1774-1854), author of Ireland, Statistical and Political (1812), was a surveyor and land agent in extensive practice; his grandmother, Priscilla Wakefield (1751-1832), was a popular author for the young, and one of the introducers of savings banks.

75the excess of the 1 The statistical portion of this article includes Tasmania, which is a member of the Australian Commonwealth.

76After 1867 great activity was displayed in history and its allied branches, owing to the direct encouragement given by the Hungarian Historical Society, and by the historical, archaeological, and statistical committees of the academy.

60Under the conditions we have described, many of the most interesting problems of our own time, when they are once defined, resolve themselves into statistical inquiries.

62Then you ask the computer for any other statistical anomalies between these two populations.

65Mechanical, commercial, economic and statistical facts (the latter usually involving the time-relation) afford numerous examples.

50(In Thousand Statistical Bales of 500 lb each.) Galveston and Savannah have risen considerably in relative importance of late years.

51General statistical information, and improvements in the metallurgy, &c., are recorded annually in The Mineral Industry.

51During thirty years the Monthly was conducted by Sir Richard Phillips, under whom it became more statistical and scientific than literary.

52While it is impossible to give here anything like a complete or exact survey of the field - a task rendered almost impossible by the arbitrary manner in which paragraphs are divided, by the difficulty of making Old English enactments fit into modern rubrics, and by the necessity of counting several times certain paragraphs bearing on different subjects - a brief statistical analysis of the contents of royal codes and laws may be found instructive.

41The enormous number of dated documents has induced some scholars to attempt a statistical research into the observance of the 7th, 14th, 21st, 28th and 19th days of the months as Sabbaths.

42In another respect also he aided in establishing an exact science of medicine by the introduction of the numerical or statistical method.

43On the whole, the best statistical source for this information is the annual computation published by the Archiv fiir Eisenbahnwesen, the official organ of the Prussian Ministry of Public Works; but the figure quoted above utilizes the Board of Trade returns for the United Kingdom and the report of the Interstate Commerce Commission for the United States.

311249 2691 1181 2483 See the Quarterly and Annual Reports, issued by the Board of Trade, London, and the Annual Statistical Reports and Quarterly Accident Bulletins, published by the Interstate Commerce Commission, Washington.

311249 2691 1181 2483 See the Quarterly and Annual Reports, issued by the Board of Trade, London, and the Annual Statistical Reports and Quarterly Accident Bulletins, published by the Interstate Commerce Commission, Washington.

31I, Ben Gustefson, collated boring statistical figures while locked in a cramped cubical of a company that offered me no future potential.

33i.; Collection of Materials on Landholding, and Statistical Descriptions of Separate Governments, published by several zemstvos (Moscow, Tver, Nyzhniy-Novgorod, Tula, Ryazan, Tambov, Poltava, Saratov, &c.); Kawelin, The Peasant Question; Vasilchikov, Land Property and Agriculture (2 vols.), and Village Life and Agriculture; Ivanukov, The Fall of Serfdom in Russia; Shashkov, " Peasantry in the Baltic Provinces," in Russkaya Mysl.

33See also the official Statistical Year Book.

33See also the official Statistical Year Book.

33A summary of them is annually published under the title Magyar statisztikai Evkonyo (Statistical Year-Book of Hungary).

20- Journal Statistical Society, xvii.

20A summary of them is annually published under the title Magyar statisztikai Evkonyo (Statistical Year-Book of Hungary).

20A selection from his statistical writings was published in 1885 under the editorship of Mr Noel Humphreys.

21The first may be called the statistical method, and the second the historical, according to J.

21Official statistical works: A nnuaire statistique de la France (a summary of the statistical publications of the government), Slatistique agricole annue,lle, Statislique de lindustrie minerale et des appareils de vapeur, Tableau genera~l dii commerce et de la navigation, Reports on the various colonies issued annually by the British Foreign Office, &c. Guide Books: Karl Baedeker, Northern France, Southern France; P. Joanne, Nord, Champagne et Ardenne; Normandie; and other volumes dealing with every region of the country.

22Statistical Society (September 1872, March 1881); Report of a Committee appointed by the Treasury to investigate the causes of the increased cost of the Telegraphic Service, &c. (1875); Reports of the Postmaster-General for 1895, &c.; Journ.

221 Journal of the Statistical Society, 1906.

22Newbold, Political and Statistical Account of the British Settlements in the Straits of Malacca; W.

22(In Thousand Statistical Bales of 500 lb each.) 1 Cotton Culture and the Cotton Trade, p. 298.

10The figures in the table below are from the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, June 1 9 06: quotations for August and September were omitted to avoid the transition movements between the price levels of two crops.

10s See paper in the Journal of the Statistical Society for June 1906.

10The ingenuity of the compiler is frequently taxed when called upon to illustrate graphically the results of statistical information of every description.

10Consult the Boletin above mentioned, publications of the Estacion Central Agronomica, and current statistical serial reports of the treasury department (Hacienda) on natural resources, live-stock interests, the sugar industry (annual), &c.

10Clark, Commercial Cuba (New York, 1898); reports of foreign consular agents in Cuba; and the statistical annuals of the Hacienda on foreign commerce and railways.

10The figures obtainable with respect to shipping are approximate, the statistical data not being altogether complete.

10(2nd ed., GÃ¶ttingen, 1792-1801); and in several works he helped to lay the foundations of statistical science.

10With characteristic versatility, he adopted the serious tone of the new age, and busied himself for the next twenty years with historical, philosophical and statistical writings.

10The various reports of the Central Statistical Office at Budapest contain all the necessary statistical data.

10A.-Cane sugar (compiled from the Weekly Statistical Sugar Trade Journal of Messrs Willett & Gray of New York, and books and reports published under the authority of the government of India).

10A.-Cane sugar (compiled from the Weekly Statistical Sugar Trade Journal of Messrs Willett & Gray of New York, and books and reports published under the authority of the government of India).

10He explored the remains of Babylon, and projected a geographical and statistical account of the pashalic of Bagdad.

11Statistical inquiry into the facts of life has long been employed, and in particular Francis Galton, within the Darwinian period, has advocated its employment and developed its methods.

11Schimper used the term xerophytes to include plants which live in soils which are physiologically dry, and the term hygrophytes those which live in soils which are physiologically wet or damp. Schimper recognized that the two classes are connected by transitional forms, and that it is useless to attempt to give the matter a statistical basis.

11Table Ix.-Route-Mile Capital In Europe Statistical Study of Railway Operation.

11He was also the author of many papers on general statistics and on life-tables for insurance, some read before the Royal Statistical Society, of which he was president in 1871 and 1872, some contributed to the Lancet and other periodicals.

11After a highly useful career, under the presidency till 1813 of Sir John Sinclair, the Board of Agriculture was dissolved in 1819, but left in its statistical account, county surveys and other documents much interesting and valuable information regarding the agriculture of the period.

11In the tabulation and interpretation of statistical evidence, as in its collection, it is scarcely possible to overrate the importance of wide knowledge and experience.

11In many works, such as those of a statistical or historical character, there are frequently to be found passages which could have been written in no other period, but are only of the nature of ejaculations and do not affect the argument.

11In historical and statistical investigation, or in special studies of particular subjects, it is possible, given the pecuniary means, to organize a whole army of skilled assistants, and with ordinary care to combine the results of their separate efforts.

11The general theory which we require should be sketched in firm and clear outline, leaving the detailed qualifications of broad principles to special studies, where they can be dealt with if it is necessary or desirable, and examined by statistical and other tests.

11Between 1882 and 1889 a series of papers on certain points in the electromagnetic theory of light and its relation to the various elastic solid theories appeared in the American Journal of Science, and his last work, Elementary Principles in Statistical Mechanics, was issued in 1902.

11The World's Commercial Cotton Crop. It is impossible to give an exact return of the total amount of cotton produced in the world, owing to the fact that in China, India and other eastern countries, in Mexico, Brazil, parts of the Russian empire, tropical Africa, &c., considerable - in some cases very large - quantities of cotton are made up locally into wearing apparel, &c., and escape all statistical record.

11' See the paper already mentioned in the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society for June 1906, where the several points noticed briefly above are fully discussed.

11vii.); articles by Chapman and Knoop in the Economic Journal (December, 1904) and the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society (April, 1906); Emery's Speculation on Stock and Produce Exchanges of the United States (small portions of which relate to cotton).

11In the absence of statistical returns it is impossible to give the values of this branch of trade.

11-The eighth volume of the Tenth Report of the United States Census (1884) contains a statistical report on the newspaper and periodical press of America by S.

11The general method by which this is effected in this and other cases is statistical.

00There are in addition an official map of India (1:1,000,000), the first edition of which was published in 1903, as also maps of the great provinces of India, including Burma, all on a scale of 1: 2,827,520, and a variety of physical and statistical maps.

00Science (General).-La Nature, weekly; Revue scientifique (1863), weekly; La Science francaise, monthly.-Science (Applied): Les inventions illustrees, weekly; Revue industrielle, weekly.-Science (Natural): Archives de biologie; Journal de botanique (1887); L'Annee biologique (1895); Revue des sciences naturelles de l'ouest (1891); Revue generale de botanique (1889); La Pisciculture pratique (1895).- Science (Political, Sociological and Statistical): Annales economiques (founded as La France commerciale in 1885); L'Annee sociologique (1896-1897); Bulletin de l'office du travail (1894); Bulletin de l'office international du travail (1902); Le Mouvement socialiste-international bi-monthly (1899); Notices et comptes rendus de l'office du travail (1892); L'Orient et l'abeille du Bosphore (1889) Revue politique et parlementaire (1894); Revue international de sociologie, monthly.

00There were in Austria 22 literary and 41 special periodicals in 1848, and 110 literary and 413 special periodicals in 1873 (see the statistical inquiry of Dr Johann Winckler, D; e period.

00The statistical results are shown in the following table extracted from the admirable work of Weber, just quoted: Percentage of Population living in Towns of 10,000 and over at Three Periods.

00- The statistics of migration are to be found in the official returns of different countries, especially the statistical tables relating to emigration and immigration published by the British Board of Trade, and the Reports (annual) of the CommissionerGeneral of Immigration of the United States.

00See also Ravenstein, "The Laws of Migration," in Journal of Royal Statistical Society (1885 and 1889).

00Efforts have been almost unceasingly made since 1872 by statistical experts in periodical conference to bring about a general understanding, first, as to the subjects which may be considered most likely to be ascertained with approximate accuracy at a census, and secondly - a point of scarcely less importance - as to the form in which the results of the inquiry should be compiled in order to render comparison possible between the facts recorded in the different areas.

00By prearrangement, no doubt, uniformity may be obtained in regard to most of the main statistical facts ascertainable at a census, at all events in the more advanced units of the empire, and proposals to this effect were made by the registrar-general of England and Wales in his report upon the figures for 1901.

00The reports for New South Wales and Victoria are especially valuable in their statistical aspect from the analysis they contain of the vital conditions of a comparatively young community under modern conditions of progress.

00The law under which the census of 1840 was taken contained a novel provision for the preparation in connexion with the census of statistical tables giving "such information in relation to mines, agriculture, commerce, manufactures and schools as will exhibit a full view of the pursuits, industry, education and resources of the country."

00This tendency was largely due to a doubt whether the Federal government under the Constitution possessed the power to initiate general statistical inquiries, a doubt well expressed in the 9th edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica by Francis A.

00Walker, himself a prominent member of the party whose contention he states: "The reservation by the states of all rights not granted to the general government makes it fairly a matter of question whether purely statistical inquiries, other than for the single purpose of apportioning representation, could be initiated by any other authority than that of the states themselves.

00The eleventh census was taken under a law almost identical with that of the tenth, and extended through twenty-five large volumes, presenting a work almost as encyclopaedic, but much more distinctively statistical.

00The law has allowed the Federal census office in its discretion to compile and publish the birth statistics of divisions in which they are accurately kept; one Federal report on the statistics of marriages and divorces throughout the country from 1867 to 1886 inclusive was published in 1889, and a second for the succeeding twenty-year period was published in part in 1908; an annual volume gives the statistics of deaths for about half the population of the country, including all the states and cities which have approximately complete records of deaths; Federal agencies like the bureau of labour and the bureau of corporations have been created for the purpose of gathering certain social and industrial statistics, and the bureau of the census has been made a permanent statistical office.

00Congress has recently entrusted it with still further duties, and it has developed into the main statistical office of the Federal government, finding its nearest analogue probably in the Imperial Statistical Office in Berlin.

00Here the undertakers (libitinarii), who carried out all funeral arrangements by contract, had their offices, and everything necessary was kept for sale or hire; here all deaths were registered for statistical purposes.

00In the case of statistical data there is the further difficulty that there is no real continuity, since we are concerned with a finite number of individuals.

00The more important additions to the older narrative consist partly of statistical lists (I Chron.

00At present, besides the president, who has usually a seat in the cabinet,' and whose salary is 5000 a year, there is a parliamentary secretary with a salary of 1200, a permanent secretary (salary X1500, rising to £1800), and four assistant secretaries (each with a salary of i 200) for the harbour, marine, commercial, labour and statistical, and railway departments.

00The Commercial, Labour and Statistical Department is the real remains of the original board of trade, as it combines the charge of the trade statistics with the general consultative duties with which King Charles II.'s board was originally entrusted.

00The statistical work includes compiling abstracts, memoranda, tables and charts relating to the trade and industrial conditions of the United Kingdom, the colonies and foreign countries, the supervision of the trade accounts, the preparation of monthly and annual accounts of shipping and navigation, statistics as to labour, cotton, emigration and foreign and colonial customs, tariffs and regulations.

00According to the statistical returns there were 139 administrative sub-districts where only Czech was spoken and 95 speaking only German, as opposed to only five bilingual ones.

00He is, however, chiefly known by the statistical investigations which occupied him from 1823 onward.

00In 1835 he published his principal work, Sur l'homme et le developpement de ses facultes, ou essai de physique sociale (2nd ed., 1869), containing a resume of his statistical researches on the development of the physical and intellectual qualities of man, and on the "average man" both physically and intellectually considered.

00In these works he shows how the numbers representing the individual qualities of man are grouped round the numbers referring to the "average man" in a manner exactly corresponding to that in which single results of observation are grouped round the mean result, so that the principles of the theory of probabilities may be applied to statistical researches on the subjects.

00- Description: The State of North Dakota: The Statistical, Historical and Political Abstract (Aberdeen, S.D., 1889), prepared by Frank H.

00Of horned cattle statistical returns show over two million head in the whole country.

00Statistical data (lists of names, genealogies, and precise chronological notes) are a conspicuous feature in it.

00A number of narratives, evidently written by prophets, and in many of which also (as those relating to Elijah, Elisha and Isaiah) prophets play a prominent part, and a series of short statistical notices, relating to political events, and derived probably from the official annals of the two kingdoms (which are usually cited at the end of a king's reign), have been arranged together, and sometimes expanded at the same time, in a framework supplied by the compiler.

00Coghlan, Statistical Account of the Seven Colonies of Australasia (Sydney).

00For an account of immigration, commerce and other mainly statistical matters, see J.

00Madoz was distinguished from most of the politicians of his generation by the fact that in middle life he compiled what is still a book of value - a geographical, statistical and historical dictionary of Spain and its possessions oversea, Diccionario geogra Pico, estadistico y historico de Espana, y sus posesiones de Ultramar (Madrid, 1848-1850).

00Statistical returns, however, are somewhat incomplete and conflicting, and cannot be used with confidence.

00Noll, A Short History of Mexico (Chicago, 1903); Santiago Ramirez, Noticia historica de la riqueza mineira de Mexico (Mexico, 1884); Friedrich Ratzel, Aus Mexico: Reiseskizzen aus den Jahren 1874-1876 (Breslau, 1878); Matias Romero, Geographical and Statistical Notes on Mexico (New York, 1898); idem, Mexico and the United States (New York, 1898); E.

00No proper statistical basis for estimating the quotas existed, and the device gave each state a plausible reason for attempting secession on occasion.

00The success which crowned his efforts was so great that in 1854 he was induced to enter the government service, as chief of the newly instituted statistical department.

00He founded at Dresden the first Mortgage Insurance Society (Hypotheken-Versicherungsgesellschaft), and as a result of the success of his work was summoned in 1860 to Berlin as director of the statistical department, in succession to Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Dieterici (1790-1859).

00Engel was a voluminous writer on the subjects with which his name is connected, but his statistical papers are mostly published in the periodicals which he himself established, viz.

00See also the Statistical Register, Cape of Good Hope, issued yearly at Cape Town, and the Annual Report, Bechuanaland.

00There are abundant statistical indications that the line (be the ~fiuence that draws it economic or social) between urban centres of nly 2500 inhabitants and rural districts is much sharper to-day than was that between the country and cities of 8000 inhabitants (the largest had five times that number) in 1790.

00It is evident that the characteristics of the factory age to which reference is made above would have acted upon native British as upon any other stock; and that it has universally so acted there is abundant statistical evidence, in Europe and even in a land of such youth and ample opportunities as Australia.

00It will be seen that the commercial1789-1818consult Adam Seyberts Statistical Annals (Philadelphia, 1818), which are based upon official documents, a large part of which are no longer in existence.

00Most of this is summed up in the annual Statistical Year Book of Canada and in the Official Handbook of the Dominion of Canada, issued at frequent intervals by the Department of the Interior.

00The census and statistics office, reorganized as a branch of the department of agriculture in 1905, undertakes a complete census of population, of agriculture, of manufactures and of all the natural products of the Dominion every ten years, a census of the population and agriculture of the three North-West Provinces every five years, and various supplemental statistical inquiries at shorter intervals.

00The convention sets out the scope and objects of the institute, which a recent British official publication states has been joined by 38 states, including Great Britain and all other great powers, as follows: Whilst limiting its action to international questions, it shall be the duty of the institute: (a) To collect, elaborate and publish, with as little delay as possible, statistical, technical, or economic information regarding the cultivation of the soil, its productions, whether animal or vegetable, the trade in agricultural products, and the prices obtained on the various markets.

00See Cornelius Walford, "On the Famines of the World, Past and Present" (Journal of the Statistical Society, 1878-1879); Romesh C. Dutt, Famines in India (1900); Robert Wallace, Famine in India (1900); George Campbell, Famines in India (1769-1788); Chronological List of Famines for all India (Madras Administration Report, 1885); J.

00C. Geddes, Administrative Experience in Former Famines (1874); Statistical Atlas of India (1895); F.

00The death of his mother in 1762 having deprived him of his means of support, he went in 1763 on the invitation of the pastor of the Lutheran community, Anton Friedrich Biisching, the founder of the modern historic statistical method of geography, to teach natural history in the Lutheran academy, St Petersburg.

00Summing up the history of the papacy from the Congress of Vienna to the fall of the temporal power, one finds statistical gains in Protestant countries offset perhaps by relative losses in Catholic lands, both largely due to the closely related forces of toleration and immigration.

00Out of his endeavours sprang a new organization, the China Inland ' For complete directory see Statistical Atlas of Foreign Missions (1910).

00Smirnoff, Russian Orthodox Missions; an article in The East and the West (April, 1904); and the Statistical Atlas (1910), p. 99.

00If, however, we are to take statistical returns for what they are worth, it is estimated that the Christians in heathen lands gathered by Protestant missions probably amount to five millions, and a similar total may be ascribed to Roman Catholic missions, making ten millions in all.

00The figures are for 1907 and should be compared with those in the Statistical Atlas.

00For two years preceding the conference eight representative commissions investigated the following questions: 1 The Statistical Atlas (1910) puts it at £5,071,225, of which British and American societies each find about £2, 000,000, and German societies £427,455.

00The reports on these subjects in eight volumes, together with a ninth volume giving the proceedings of the conference itself, and a statistical atlas, will for some time be the vade mecum of information on Christian missions, and precludes the need of any attempt at a bibliography here, an attempt which would indeed be doomed to failure.

00Dwight (1907); and the already mentioned Statistical Atlas of Missions (1910) by H.

00His high reputation as a financial journalist and statistician, gained in these years, led to his appointment in 1876 as head of the statistical department in the Board of Trade, and subsequently he became assistant secretary (1882) and finally controllergeneral (1892), retiring in 1897.

00In connexion with his position as chief statistical adviser to the government, he was constantly employed in drawing up reports, giving evidence before commissions of inquiry, and acting as a government auditor, besides publishing a number of important essays on financial subjects.

00He was president of the Statistical Society (1882-1884); and after being made a C.B.

00Commerce and Finance: British consular reports (London, annual); Report of the Council of the Corporation of Foreign Bondholders (London, annual); statistical publications of the Paraguay government and presidential messages, in Spanish (Asuncion, annual); Revue du Paraguay (Asuncion, monthly); Paraguay (Washington, Bureau of Amer.

00The laborious apparatus of historical and statistical facts respecting the several countries of the globe, adduced in the altered form of the essay, though it contains a good deal that is curious and interesting, establishes no general result which was not previously well known.

00The average value of each article is fixed annually in Germany under the direction of the Imperial Statistical Office, by a commission of experts, who receive information from chambers of commerce and other sources.

00Ktirsc,hner, Steals- Hof- mid Kommunalhandhuch des Reiches find der Eznzelstc,aten (Leipzig, 1900); P. Hage Grundriss der deutschen Staats- und Rechtskunde (Stuttgart, 1906) and for statistical matter chiefly the following: Centraiblatl f~ des deutsche Reich.

00See also among English publications on geographical and statistical matter:

00- Statistical: The various departments of the provincial government publish annual reports, and frequent special reports.

00For statistical information consult the reports on the censuses of 1897 and 1907, published by the Ministry of the Interior, Cairo, in 1898 and 1909.

00From 1778 to his death he exercised a great power in the statistical and critical departments of letters.

00Jens Peter Trap (1810-1885) concluded his great statistical account of Denmark in 1879.

0025 and his mastery of statistical detail and argument made his appointment as chancellor of the exchequer part of the natural order of things when in December 1905 Mr Balfour resigned and Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (q.v.) became prime minister.

00The statistical investigation of correlations forms a new branch of biological inquiry, generally termed "Biometrics," inaugurated by F.

00Selection and its results can be adequately studied only in those cases which admit of statistical tabulation.

00Amongst the numerous scientific associations are the central statistical department, and the Budapest communal bureau of statistics, which under the directorship of Dr Joseph de KiirOsy has gained a European reputation.

00Moses, Illinois, Historical and Statistical (2 vols., Chicago, 1889); and H.

00Edgeworth, in two papers on " The Statistics of Examinations " and the " Element of Chance in Competitive Examinations " (Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 1888 and 1890), has dealt with the subject, although on somewhat limited lines.

00Edgeworth, " The Statistics of Examinations," and " The Element of Chance in Competitive Examinations," Journal of the Statistical Society, 1888 and 1890 respectively; H.

00Moreover, the looseness of his statements and the rashness of his inferences regarding statistical averages make him, as a great authority has remarked, the enfant terrible of moral statisticians.

00A review of Indian trade by the director-general of the statistical department in India is annually presented to parliament, and there- Exports.

00Imperial Gazetteer of India (new edition, 1907-1909); Census of India (1901); Statistical Atlas of India (1895); G.

00Hunter, Statistical Account of Bengal (1875); Hughes' Dictionary of Islam (London, 1895); Sir Denzil Ibbetson, Outlines of Punjab Ethnography; E.

00Although the parallaxes hitherto measured have added greatly to our general knowledge of stellar distances and absolute luminosities of stars, a collection of results derived by various observers choosing specially selected stars is not suitable for statistical discussion.

00But the two theories lead to a very different statistical distribution of the stellar motions.

00Until the hypothesis has been thoroughly tested by an examination of the line-of-sight velocities of stars from the same point of view, this physical interpretation must be received with some degree of caution; but there can be no doubt of the reality of the anomalies in the statistical distribution of proper motions of the stars, and of these it offers a simple and adequate explanation.

00He also wrote A Political Life of Sir Robert Peel (London, 1856); A Financial, Statistical and Monetary History of England from 1688 (London, 1847); Matter for Materialists (London, 1870); The Eve of St Mark, a Romance of Venice; and three dramas, The Statue Wife, Diocletian and Caius Marius, in addition to some fishing songs, and many contributions to various newspapers and periodicals.

00The general name is applied by the natives only to the roughly triangular main trunk of the island, while the larger peninsulas, the landward extremities of which taper to narrow necks of land, are considered to be as distinct from Riigen as the various adjacent smaller islands which are also included for statistical purposes under the name.

00These theories, however, being supported, according to the authorities of to-day, by no evidence, statistical or other, need not be here considered.

00Fossett, Colorado; A Historical, Descriptive and Statistical Work on the Rocky Mountain Gold and Silver Region (Denver, 1878; New York, 1879, 2nd ed., 1880).

00The Statistical Annual for Finland - Statistisk Arsbok for Finland - published annually by the Central Statistical Bureau in Helsingfors, gives the necessary figures.

00In the able statistical discussions in the reports of the United Free Church it is pointed out that in the figures furnished by the churches the numbers of members and the numbers of deaths are not in the same proportion as the population of the country and the general death-rate, and the conclusion is drawn that the number of members is in each case too great.

00P. P. Semenov's Geographical and Statistical Dictionary (5 vols., St Petersburg, 1863-85) contains a full bibliography of the Volga and tributaries.

00Physicians and physiologists have frequently discussed celibacy from their professional point of view; but it will be sufficient to note here the results of statistical inquiries.

00Lastly, statistical research has shown that the children of the married British clergy have been distinguished far beyond their mere numerical proportion.8/n==Authorities== - Henry Charles Lea, History of Sacerdotal Celibacy (3rd ed., 1907, 2 vols), is by far the fullest and best work on this subject, though a good deal of important matter omitted by Dr Lea may be found in Die Einfiihrung der erzwungenen Ehelosigkeit by the brothers Johann Anton and Augustin Theiner, which was put on the Roman Index, though Augustin afterwards became archivist at the Vatican (Altenburg, 1828, 2 vols.).

001 Adapted from the Statistical Abstract for the United Kingdom, where it is specified that the value of new ships and boats, with their machinery, was not included in exports before 1899.

00Vital statistics: Reports of the registrars-general respectively for England, for Scotland (Edinburgh), for Ireland (Dublin); Census Reports (decennial, 1901, &c.), ditto; Education: Reports of the Board of Education for England and Wales; Report of the Commissioners of National Education in Ireland; Report of the Committee of Council on Education in Scotland; Electoral Statistics (London, 1905); Statistical Tables relating to Emigration and Immigration; Judicial Statistics of England and Wales, of Scotland, of Ireland; Local Government Reports, ditto; Statistical Abstract for the United Kingdom, in which the most important statistics are summarized for each of the fifteen years preceding the year of issue.

00Of the deaths in any place the only check obtainable is from the public body-washers, but many corpses areburied without the aid of the public body-washers; and the population of the place not being accurately known, the number of deaths, however correct, is useless for statistical purposes.

00His principal book, Historical and Statistical Information respecting the Indian Tribes of the United States, illustrated with 336 plates from original drawings, in part a compilation, was issued under the patronage of Congress in six quarto volumes, from 1851 to 1857.

00This paper does not appear to have attracted much attention either in 1862 or on its publication four years later in the Journal of the Statistical Society; and it was not till 1871, when the Theory of Political Economy appeared, that Jevons set forth his doctrines in a fully developed form.

00A South African Customs Statistical Bureau, which deals with the external trade of British South Africa,' was established in July 1905.

00- Statistical Year Books or Registers; Census Reports; Reports of the Statistical Bureau (since 1905); Annual Trade Returns and other official publications, especially those on native affairs, mining, agriculture and railways; Argus Annual and South African'Directory (Cape Town); L.

00on the Possible Improvement of the Human Breed under the existing Conditions of Law and Sentiment (1901); see also Biometrika (a journal for the statistical study of biological problems, of which the first volume was published in 1902).

00Numerous official reports, chiefly statistical, are published periodically in Lisbon; a few are written in French, the majority in Portuguese.

00The foreign trade of Bolivia is comparatively unimportant, but the statistical returns are incomplete and unsatisfactory; the imports of 1904 aggregated only £1,734,551 in value, and the exports only £1,851,758.

00He contributed largely to several scientific periodicals, and was instrumental in founding the Astronomical (1820) and Statistical (1834) Societies.

00Notwithstanding the continuous pressure of an active business life he found time to contribute largely many valuable articles to the magazines and newspapers, and took an active part in the proceedings of the Royal Statistical Society (of which he was one of the honorary secretaries, editor of its journal, and in1869-1871president) and the Political Economy Club.

00during the time of Augustus); Hellanicus of Mytilene; Stesimbrotus of Thasos, opponent of Pericles and reputed author of a political pamphlet on Themistocles, Thucydides and Pericles; Hippys and Glaucus, both of Rhegium, the first the author of histories of Italy and Sicily, the second of a treatise on ancient poets and musicians, used by Harpocration and Plutarch; Damastes of Sigeum, pupil of Hellanicus, author of genealogies of the combatants before Troy (an ethnographic and statistical list), of short treatises on poets, sophists, and geographical subjects.

00The first class comprehends those upon which his fame chiefly rests; for although he did not possess the genius of D'Anville, he may be regarded as the creator of modern Statistical Geography.

00To draw a trustworthy conclusion it is necessary that the spot should be quiescent, show a well-developed and fairly symmetrical penumbra, and be observed near the limb and also near the centre, and these conditions are satisfied in so few cases as to withdraw all statistical force from the conclusion.

00Some statistical authorities have adopted 12% as the rate, but this is too high for such a period.

00According to a statistical summary issued in 1906 by the U.S. Bureau of Statistics, entitled "Commercial America in 1905," the latest official return to the foreign trade of Colombia was said to be that of 1898, which was: imports 11,083,000 pesos, exports 19,158,000 pesos.

00A Statistical Register is issued yearly by the Cape government.

00a multiplication-table), statistical tables, &c., the numbers are written vertically downwards.

00In the case of lists and schedules the numbers are only ordinals; but in the case of mathematical or statistical tables they are usually regarded as cardinals,though, when they represent values of a continuous quantity, they must be regarded as ordinals (§§ 26, 93).

00See also the Reports of the Twelfth Federal Census for detailed statistical matter as to production, industries and population.

00On soil and agriculture, see Biennial Reports (Topeka, 1877 seq.) of the State Board of Agriculture; Experiment Station Bulletin of the Kansas Agricultural College (Manhattan); and statistics in the United States Statistical Abstract (annual, Washington), and Federal Census reports.

00In 1829 he published An Historical and Statistical Account of Nova Scotia.

00The legislative and statistical and especially the ritualistic parts belonging to P are so detailed and uninteresting that they make no impression on a reader's memory, and P's diffuseness, always undue, reaches a climax in chap. vii.

00For commerce: - Annual British Consular Reports; Statistical Reports of the Servian Ministry of Commerce.

00The number of stars is so vast that statistical methods can be applied to many of the characters which they exhibit - their spectra, their apparent and absolute luminosity, and their arrangement in space.

00Smyth, Ireland, Historical and Statistical (1844-1849); Sir C. E.

001 There is a twofold account of his migration to Bethel with his nephew Lot; the more statistical form in xi.

00I, Ben Gustefson, collated boring statistical figures while locked in a cramped cubical of a company that offered me no future potential.

00Subsistence peasant agriculture was not the subject of any systematic statistical surveys.

00analyseesults are analyzed statistically, usually using a software package such as SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences ).

00analysethis study a body of statistical data will be collected and analyzed which will supplement medical research in important ways.

00The Quarterly Bulletin will no longer contain a statistical annex.

00The summary, main report and statistical annexes can be downloaded below.

00Where reports are required for statistical purposes the data must be rendered anonymous.

00A national register for hazards of donor apheresis is being maintained for statistical purposes by the Central Collator.

00The concept of a fair bet has no relevance to statistical inference in science.

00Therefore, with respect to Maths, 2002 can perhaps be regarded as a " statistical blip " on a gently falling trend.

00Particles with zero or integer spin are called bosons after Satyendra Bose, who together with Einstein described their kind of statistical mechanics.

00The English average data for 1991 and 1998 is derived from a Department of Health statistical bulletin.

00The rhetoric coming out of the vested interests becomes more bullish in spite of statistical data showing a downturn.

00It uses cartograms and additional statistical views of a data set in an interactive environment for exploratory analysis.

00The fit that gives the smallest relative value of reduced chi 2 is the best statistical fit.

00They should be learning instead how to spot statistical chicanery.

00The content addressed includes data analysis, correlation, the normal distribution, statistical inference and tests (including the chi-square and t-tests ).

00coauthor of popular book on pattern recognition " Pattern recognition: a statistical approach ", by Prentice Hall.

00Welcome to the 2002 web edition of UK Defense Statistics, the annual statistical compendium of the Ministry of Defense.

00competitor intelligence reports and statistical analysis.

00such condensates (whose experimental observation has recently been reported) offer the prospect of observing quantum statistical phenomena in a macroscopic object.

00The book also assumes from the outset that the audience is already conversant with computer -based statistical packages.

00correction for the differential vignetting was not applied to the HR value because this was generally small compared to the statistical error.

00The essence of the research was using powerful statistical techniques to search for potential ocean-atmosphere coupling in both modeled and observational data.

00On closer examination, the algorithms show statistical weaknesses that might allow key recovery using differential cryptanalysis.

00cytogenetics assay, where the cell is the statistical unit.

00datumpter 8, unlike the preceding ones, is not based on statistical data.

00Coverage includes demography; international, local, national, official and regional statistics for social science; statistical theory.

00derided the ideas from statistical physics and countered by producing " Art of the Absurd " .

00The classical statistical methods are not applicable to Microarray data since the data is very high dimensional with very few replications.

00Views or opinions based on general knowledge or belief should be clearly distinguished from views or opinions derived from the statistical analyzes being reported.

00The government has typical patient visit enrollees in both from metropolitan statistical.

00Research Paul's current research is concerned with developing and applying statistical and mathematical models for the vCJD epidemic in the UK.

00These terms are frequently equated with the statistical terms " quantitative " and " qualitative " .

00Prof. C.C. Taylor: classification, image analysis, statistical pattern recognition, bioinformatics, nonparametric density estimation, spatial statistics.

00Do you have statistical evidence of achievement of different groups e.g. ethnicity / gender / age, across the subjects and particularly in Literacy?

00formulated mathematically and shown to be incompatible with the statistical predictions of quantum mechanics.

00freshmanson, C. (2001) College freshmen with disabilities: A statistical profile.

00The FAQ's section covers common ' gray areas ' within the realms of statistical geoscience.

00heartburn and/or symptomatic reflux at enrollment, as well as statistical as provide data about the first day of therapy.

00Unfortunately samples of one don't give much statistical confidence, and will only give reliable information in a major holdup.

00Currently I am on the editorial board of parasite immunology to give statistical advice to submitted papers.

00The model's regime probabilities provide an optimal statistical inference of the turning point of the European business cycle.

00inferential statistical methods used in a fitness evaluation.

00interdepartmental management committee headed by the Director of the Central Statistical Office.

00issuance of covered bonds, the statistical treatment will depend on the structure of the individual reporting institution.

00But we may share with our Web site partners aggregated statistical " ratings " information about the use of /discuss journalism.

00It can be solved analytically in terms of the statistical mechanics of spin lattices.

00There is statistical evidence from a study conducted at Guy's Hospital in London, that it may improve libido.

00An objectively measurable statistical comparison of performance Of the systems reviewed is not yet feasible.

00Today, statistical mechanics lies at the heart of the physical sciences.

00The candidate should ideally have experience in statistical data analysis and/or numerical modeling and in mountain meteorology.

00Mathematics has changed the meaning of statistics - from concern with ' facts about society ' to statistical method.

00You might wish to be part of an academic group which develops statistical methodology to be applied to medical research.

00microbiology testing are subject to statistical process control overseen by the NBS quality department.

00An advanced statistical technique for identifying multiple minima is used to find the minima of this function.

00Whichever way you look at it the statistical molehill refuses to grow into a mountain.

00multivariate statistical methods for analyzing survey data.

00multivariate statistical theory, use, and application.

00Statistical analysis multivariate analyzes were done by Poisson regression with mortality as the dependent variable.

00Over the years, statistical analyzes have certainly become more sophisticated but to such an extent that they increasingly obfuscate the process.

00orthopedics 1991;14:1233-1239. [Lincolnshire Library Full Text] Diagnostic and Statistical Manual III - Revised.

00A data type was required that could hold the basic data structures that are used in the Genstat statistical package.

00In statistical work, one needs to estimate these parameters from observations of the process.

00Light rail patronage is published in an annual DfT statistical release for the year to the previous March, published five months later.

00subsistence peasant agriculture was not the subject of any systematic statistical surveys then, he said.

00perplexity results using the British National Corpus indicate that the approach can improve the potential of statistical language modeling.

00pleasurable to read, some sections consist of pure statistical data analysis.

00Appropriate statistical tests were made to compare the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia in the two groups.

00Therefore what we need are statistical techniques that allow us to assign a probability to the outcome of an experiment.

00Note The passage on inverse probability is reproduced in Likelihood and Probability in R. A. Fisher's Statistical Methods for Research Workers.

00We present a statistical finite state model that combines prosodic, linguistic and punctuation class features.

00Sir Richard said this finding did not show the power lines caused leukemia - he thinks this could be " a statistical quirk " .

00reefer fleet is given a statistical overview.

00Never have they been required to nor been able to produce a shred of statistical evidence to back up that claim.

00statistical significance does not transfer directly into clinical practice.

00You can get the latest shareware versions of various statistical software or of population dynamics simulation.

00Even on the basis of half a business cycle there is no statistical evidence of a UK productivity spurt.

00These include statistical, mapping, graphical, sound, and moving image materials to name a few.

00But we may share with our Web site partners aggregated statistical " ratings " information about the use of /discuss Journalism.

00statistical analysis of the survey results.

00statistical significance does not transfer directly into clinical practice.

00statistical mechanics lies at the heart of the physical sciences.

00statistical inference in science.

00statistical methods will follow in due course.

00statistical techniques to social science data.

00The winners are chosen on a purely statistical basis following an analysis of all the results in each category.

00The service is also wholly responsible for sponsored research which is essentially statistical in nature.

00Leave individuals high during the year bar those that statistical.

00EBM seems to be so statistical that you need a brain the size of a small planet even to begin to understand it.

00statistical in nature.

00statisticians in the department also provide a statistical advisory service.

00Statistical quantification of the effect of thermal stratification on patterns of dispersion in a freshwater zooplankton community.

00In India, the seasonal forecast of monsoon rainfall has traditionally been issued using a number of statistical techniques (see Kumar et al.

00Power of statistical tests and prevalence in the literature.

00elementary textbooks contain detailed discussions of the factors influencing power in a statistical test.

00This is important in the statistical thermodynamics of solids.

00Topics include: chemical thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory, chemical kinetics, and statistical thermodynamics.

00undirected graphical models, describing their properties and their statistical analysis.

00A statistical comparison of the spectral width with the flow reversal boundary has been conducted using three years of data.

00September 2003 38 UNHCR statistical yearbook 2001, October 2002, Geneva.

00This university was founded in 1621 and the university of Buenos Aires in 1821, but although Bonpland and some other European scientists were members of the faculty of Buenos Aires in its early years, neither there nor at Cordoba was any marked attention given to the natural sciences until President Sarmiento (official term, 1868-1874) initiated scientific instruction at the university of Cordoba under the eminent German naturalist, Dr Hermann Burmeister (1807-1892), and founded the National Observatory at Cordoba and placed it under the direction of ' There are two distinct statistical offices compiling immigration returns and their totals do not agree, owing in part to the traffic between Buenos Aires and Montevideo.

00According to a compilation of statistical returns published by Dr Francisco Latzina in 1901, the national revenues and expenditures for the 37 years from 1864 to 1900, inclusive, reduced to a common standard, show a total deficit for that period of $408,260,795 gold, which has been met by external and internal loans, and by a The bane of Argentine finance has been the extravagant and unscrupulous use of national credit for the promotion of schemes calculated to benefit individuals rather than the public. The large increase in military expenditures during the disputes with Chile also proved a heavy burden, and in the continued strife with Brazil for naval superiority this burden could not fail to be increased greatly.

00Official statistical works: A nnuaire statistique de la France (a summary of the statistical publications of the government), Slatistique agricole annue,lle, Statislique de lindustrie minerale et des appareils de vapeur, Tableau genera~l dii commerce et de la navigation, Reports on the various colonies issued annually by the British Foreign Office, &c. Guide Books: Karl Baedeker, Northern France, Southern France; P. Joanne, Nord, Champagne et Ardenne; Normandie; and other volumes dealing with every region of the country.

00The enormous number of dated documents has induced some scholars to attempt a statistical research into the observance of the 7th, 14th, 21st, 28th and 19th days of the months as Sabbaths.

00the excess of the 1 The statistical portion of this article includes Tasmania, which is a member of the Australian Commonwealth.

00Coghlan, A Statistical Account of the Seven Colonies of Australasia, 8vo (Sydney, 1904); G.

00He explored the remains of Babylon, and projected a geographical and statistical account of the pashalic of Bagdad.

00Statistical Society (September 1872, March 1881); Report of a Committee appointed by the Treasury to investigate the causes of the increased cost of the Telegraphic Service, &c. (1875); Reports of the Postmaster-General for 1895, &c.; Journ.

00Statistical inquiry into the facts of life has long been employed, and in particular Francis Galton, within the Darwinian period, has advocated its employment and developed its methods.

00The analysis of composite characters into their indivisible units and statistical inquiry into the behaviour of the units would seem to be a necessary part of biometric investigation, and one to which much further attention will have to be paid.

00Schimper used the term xerophytes to include plants which live in soils which are physiologically dry, and the term hygrophytes those which live in soils which are physiologically wet or damp. Schimper recognized that the two classes are connected by transitional forms, and that it is useless to attempt to give the matter a statistical basis.

00The general method by which this is effected in this and other cases is statistical.

00His father, Edward Wakefield (1774-1854), author of Ireland, Statistical and Political (1812), was a surveyor and land agent in extensive practice; his grandmother, Priscilla Wakefield (1751-1832), was a popular author for the young, and one of the introducers of savings banks.

00Holloway, Indianapolis, a Historical and Statistical Sketch (Indianapolis, 1870); the Indianapolis Board of Trade's Report on the Industries of Indianapolis (1889); Civic Studies of Indianapolis (Indianapolis, 1907 seq.), edited by Arthur W.

00In 1904 it was estimated to be 143,000,000, and in 1906, according to a detailed estimate of the Central Statistical Committee, it was 149,299,300.

00Dictionary of the Russian Empire (in Russian, 5 vols., St Petersburg, 1863-84), the most trustworthy source for the geography of Russia; the official Svod Materialov, with regard to Russian rivers (1876); Statistical Sbornik of the Ministry of Communications, vol.

00i.; Collection of Materials on Landholding, and Statistical Descriptions of Separate Governments, published by several zemstvos (Moscow, Tver, Nyzhniy-Novgorod, Tula, Ryazan, Tambov, Poltava, Saratov, &c.); Kawelin, The Peasant Question; Vasilchikov, Land Property and Agriculture (2 vols.), and Village Life and Agriculture; Ivanukov, The Fall of Serfdom in Russia; Shashkov, " Peasantry in the Baltic Provinces," in Russkaya Mysl.

00On the whole, the best statistical source for this information is the annual computation published by the Archiv fiir Eisenbahnwesen, the official organ of the Prussian Ministry of Public Works; but the figure quoted above utilizes the Board of Trade returns for the United Kingdom and the report of the Interstate Commerce Commission for the United States.

00Table Ix.-Route-Mile Capital In Europe Statistical Study of Railway Operation.

00References.-A nnual Reports of the Interstate Commerce Commission; Poor's Manual of Railroads (annual, New York); Statistical Abstract of the United States (annual, Washington, published by the U.

00He was also the author of many papers on general statistics and on life-tables for insurance, some read before the Royal Statistical Society, of which he was president in 1871 and 1872, some contributed to the Lancet and other periodicals.

00A selection from his statistical writings was published in 1885 under the editorship of Mr Noel Humphreys.

00After a highly useful career, under the presidency till 1813 of Sir John Sinclair, the Board of Agriculture was dissolved in 1819, but left in its statistical account, county surveys and other documents much interesting and valuable information regarding the agriculture of the period.

00Under the conditions we have described, many of the most interesting problems of our own time, when they are once defined, resolve themselves into statistical inquiries.

00In the tabulation and interpretation of statistical evidence, as in its collection, it is scarcely possible to overrate the importance of wide knowledge and experience.

00In many works, such as those of a statistical or historical character, there are frequently to be found passages which could have been written in no other period, but are only of the nature of ejaculations and do not affect the argument.

00In general theory special studies by other men cannot play the same part as they do in historical and statistical work.

00In historical and statistical investigation, or in special studies of particular subjects, it is possible, given the pecuniary means, to organize a whole army of skilled assistants, and with ordinary care to combine the results of their separate efforts.

00The general theory which we require should be sketched in firm and clear outline, leaving the detailed qualifications of broad principles to special studies, where they can be dealt with if it is necessary or desirable, and examined by statistical and other tests.

00Between 1882 and 1889 a series of papers on certain points in the electromagnetic theory of light and its relation to the various elastic solid theories appeared in the American Journal of Science, and his last work, Elementary Principles in Statistical Mechanics, was issued in 1902.

00The World's Commercial Cotton Crop. It is impossible to give an exact return of the total amount of cotton produced in the world, owing to the fact that in China, India and other eastern countries, in Mexico, Brazil, parts of the Russian empire, tropical Africa, &c., considerable - in some cases very large - quantities of cotton are made up locally into wearing apparel, &c., and escape all statistical record.

00(In Thousand Statistical Bales of 500 lb each.) 1 Cotton Culture and the Cotton Trade, p. 298.

00(In Thousand Statistical Bales of 500 lb each.) Galveston and Savannah have risen considerably in relative importance of late years.

00of movement ought to increase because the market ' See article on " Dealings in Futures in the Cotton Market," in the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, vol.

00The figures in the table below are from the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, June 1 9 06: quotations for August and September were omitted to avoid the transition movements between the price levels of two crops.

001 Journal of the Statistical Society, 1906.

00s See paper in the Journal of the Statistical Society for June 1906.

00A closer examination will reveal further that the magnitude of these gaps varies a great deal; and Attempts to explain them were made in an article in the Economic Journal in December 1904, and in the paper already referred to read to the Royal Statistical Society.

00' See the paper already mentioned in the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society for June 1906, where the several points noticed briefly above are fully discussed.

00vii.); articles by Chapman and Knoop in the Economic Journal (December, 1904) and the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society (April, 1906); Emery's Speculation on Stock and Produce Exchanges of the United States (small portions of which relate to cotton).

00Newbold, Political and Statistical Account of the British Settlements in the Straits of Malacca; W.

00Bartholomew of Edinburgh; (2) political maps, showing political boundaries; (3) ethnological maps, illustrating the distribution of the varieties of man, the density of population, &c.; (4) travel maps, showing roads or railways and ocean-routes (as is done by Philips' " Marine Atlas "), or designed for the special use of cyclists or aviators; (5) statistical maps, illustrating commerce and industries; (6) historical maps; (7) maps specially designed for educational purposes.

00The ingenuity of the compiler is frequently taxed when called upon to illustrate graphically the results of statistical information of every description.

00There are in addition an official map of India (1:1,000,000), the first edition of which was published in 1903, as also maps of the great provinces of India, including Burma, all on a scale of 1: 2,827,520, and a variety of physical and statistical maps.

00Consult the Boletin above mentioned, publications of the Estacion Central Agronomica, and current statistical serial reports of the treasury department (Hacienda) on natural resources, live-stock interests, the sugar industry (annual), &c.

00Clark, Commercial Cuba (New York, 1898); reports of foreign consular agents in Cuba; and the statistical annuals of the Hacienda on foreign commerce and railways.

00The figures obtainable with respect to shipping are approximate, the statistical data not being altogether complete.

00(2nd ed., GÃƒ¶ttingen, 1792-1801); and in several works he helped to lay the foundations of statistical science.

00With characteristic versatility, he adopted the serious tone of the new age, and busied himself for the next twenty years with historical, philosophical and statistical writings.

00The various reports of the Central Statistical Office at Budapest contain all the necessary statistical data.

00After 1867 great activity was displayed in history and its allied branches, owing to the direct encouragement given by the Hungarian Historical Society, and by the historical, archaeological, and statistical committees of the academy.

00Mechanical, commercial, economic and statistical facts (the latter usually involving the time-relation) afford numerous examples.

00General statistical information, and improvements in the metallurgy, &c., are recorded annually in The Mineral Industry.

00In the absence of statistical returns it is impossible to give the values of this branch of trade.

00In another respect also he aided in establishing an exact science of medicine by the introduction of the numerical or statistical method.

00- Journal Statistical Society, xvii.

00The first may be called the statistical method, and the second the historical, according to J.

00While it is impossible to give here anything like a complete or exact survey of the field - a task rendered almost impossible by the arbitrary manner in which paragraphs are divided, by the difficulty of making Old English enactments fit into modern rubrics, and by the necessity of counting several times certain paragraphs bearing on different subjects - a brief statistical analysis of the contents of royal codes and laws may be found instructive.

00The statistical contrasts are especially sharp and characteristic when we take into account the chronological sequence in the elaboration of laws.

00During thirty years the Monthly was conducted by Sir Richard Phillips, under whom it became more statistical and scientific than literary.

00-The eighth volume of the Tenth Report of the United States Census (1884) contains a statistical report on the newspaper and periodical press of America by S.

00Science (General).-La Nature, weekly; Revue scientifique (1863), weekly; La Science francaise, monthly.-Science (Applied): Les inventions illustrees, weekly; Revue industrielle, weekly.-Science (Natural): Archives de biologie; Journal de botanique (1887); L'Annee biologique (1895); Revue des sciences naturelles de l'ouest (1891); Revue generale de botanique (1889); La Pisciculture pratique (1895).- Science (Political, Sociological and Statistical): Annales economiques (founded as La France commerciale in 1885); L'Annee sociologique (1896-1897); Bulletin de l'office du travail (1894); Bulletin de l'office international du travail (1902); Le Mouvement socialiste-international bi-monthly (1899); Notices et comptes rendus de l'office du travail (1892); L'Orient et l'abeille du Bosphore (1889) Revue politique et parlementaire (1894); Revue international de sociologie, monthly.

00There were in Austria 22 literary and 41 special periodicals in 1848, and 110 literary and 413 special periodicals in 1873 (see the statistical inquiry of Dr Johann Winckler, D; e period.

00The statistical results are shown in the following table extracted from the admirable work of Weber, just quoted: Percentage of Population living in Towns of 10,000 and over at Three Periods.

00- The statistics of migration are to be found in the official returns of different countries, especially the statistical tables relating to emigration and immigration published by the British Board of Trade, and the Reports (annual) of the CommissionerGeneral of Immigration of the United States.

00See also Ravenstein, "The Laws of Migration," in Journal of Royal Statistical Society (1885 and 1889).

00Efforts have been almost unceasingly made since 1872 by statistical experts in periodical conference to bring about a general understanding, first, as to the subjects which may be considered most likely to be ascertained with approximate accuracy at a census, and secondly - a point of scarcely less importance - as to the form in which the results of the inquiry should be compiled in order to render comparison possible between the facts recorded in the different areas.

00By prearrangement, no doubt, uniformity may be obtained in regard to most of the main statistical facts ascertainable at a census, at all events in the more advanced units of the empire, and proposals to this effect were made by the registrar-general of England and Wales in his report upon the figures for 1901.

00The record was so inaccurate that it had no statistical value until 1820, when the muster was taken after due preparation and with greater care, approximating to the system of a regular census.

00The reports for New South Wales and Victoria are especially valuable in their statistical aspect from the analysis they contain of the vital conditions of a comparatively young community under modern conditions of progress.

00The law under which the census of 1840 was taken contained a novel provision for the preparation in connexion with the census of statistical tables giving "such information in relation to mines, agriculture, commerce, manufactures and schools as will exhibit a full view of the pursuits, industry, education and resources of the country."

00This tendency was largely due to a doubt whether the Federal government under the Constitution possessed the power to initiate general statistical inquiries, a doubt well expressed in the 9th edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica by Francis A.

00Walker, himself a prominent member of the party whose contention he states: "The reservation by the states of all rights not granted to the general government makes it fairly a matter of question whether purely statistical inquiries, other than for the single purpose of apportioning representation, could be initiated by any other authority than that of the states themselves.

00The eleventh census was taken under a law almost identical with that of the tenth, and extended through twenty-five large volumes, presenting a work almost as encyclopaedic, but much more distinctively statistical.

00The law has allowed the Federal census office in its discretion to compile and publish the birth statistics of divisions in which they are accurately kept; one Federal report on the statistics of marriages and divorces throughout the country from 1867 to 1886 inclusive was published in 1889, and a second for the succeeding twenty-year period was published in part in 1908; an annual volume gives the statistics of deaths for about half the population of the country, including all the states and cities which have approximately complete records of deaths; Federal agencies like the bureau of labour and the bureau of corporations have been created for the purpose of gathering certain social and industrial statistics, and the bureau of the census has been made a permanent statistical office.

00Congress has recently entrusted it with still further duties, and it has developed into the main statistical office of the Federal government, finding its nearest analogue probably in the Imperial Statistical Office in Berlin.

00Here the undertakers (libitinarii), who carried out all funeral arrangements by contract, had their offices, and everything necessary was kept for sale or hire; here all deaths were registered for statistical purposes.

00In the case of statistical data there is the further difficulty that there is no real continuity, since we are concerned with a finite number of individuals.

00Abbott's laborious From Letter to Spirit (1903), Joannine Vocabulary (1904) and Grammar (1906) overflow with statistical details and ever acute, often fanciful, conjecture.

00The more important additions to the older narrative consist partly of statistical lists (I Chron.

00At present, besides the president, who has usually a seat in the cabinet,' and whose salary is 5000 a year, there is a parliamentary secretary with a salary of 1200, a permanent secretary (salary X1500, rising to £1800), and four assistant secretaries (each with a salary of i 200) for the harbour, marine, commercial, labour and statistical, and railway departments.

00The Commercial, Labour and Statistical Department is the real remains of the original board of trade, as it combines the charge of the trade statistics with the general consultative duties with which King Charles II.'s board was originally entrusted.

00The statistical work includes compiling abstracts, memoranda, tables and charts relating to the trade and industrial conditions of the United Kingdom, the colonies and foreign countries, the supervision of the trade accounts, the preparation of monthly and annual accounts of shipping and navigation, statistics as to labour, cotton, emigration and foreign and colonial customs, tariffs and regulations.

00According to the statistical returns there were 139 administrative sub-districts where only Czech was spoken and 95 speaking only German, as opposed to only five bilingual ones.

00He is, however, chiefly known by the statistical investigations which occupied him from 1823 onward.

00In 1835 he published his principal work, Sur l'homme et le developpement de ses facultes, ou essai de physique sociale (2nd ed., 1869), containing a resume of his statistical researches on the development of the physical and intellectual qualities of man, and on the "average man" both physically and intellectually considered.

00In these works he shows how the numbers representing the individual qualities of man are grouped round the numbers referring to the "average man" in a manner exactly corresponding to that in which single results of observation are grouped round the mean result, so that the principles of the theory of probabilities may be applied to statistical researches on the subjects.

00- Description: The State of North Dakota: The Statistical, Historical and Political Abstract (Aberdeen, S.D., 1889), prepared by Frank H.

00Of horned cattle statistical returns show over two million head in the whole country.

00- Publications of the Maryland Geological Survey (Baltimore, 1897); Maryland Weather Service Climatology and Physical Features, biennial reports (Baltimore,1892-); United States Census; Reports of the U.S. Fish Commissioner and Bureau of Fisheries (Washington, 1871); State Department, Maryland Manual, a Compendium of Legal, Historical and Statistical Information (Baltimore, 1900-); B.C. Steiner, Citizenship and Suf f rage in Maryland (Baltimore, 1895), an historical review of the subject; J.

00Statistical data (lists of names, genealogies, and precise chronological notes) are a conspicuous feature in it.

00A number of narratives, evidently written by prophets, and in many of which also (as those relating to Elijah, Elisha and Isaiah) prophets play a prominent part, and a series of short statistical notices, relating to political events, and derived probably from the official annals of the two kingdoms (which are usually cited at the end of a king's reign), have been arranged together, and sometimes expanded at the same time, in a framework supplied by the compiler.

00Coghlan, Statistical Account of the Seven Colonies of Australasia (Sydney).

00For an account of immigration, commerce and other mainly statistical matters, see J.

00Madoz was distinguished from most of the politicians of his generation by the fact that in middle life he compiled what is still a book of value - a geographical, statistical and historical dictionary of Spain and its possessions oversea, Diccionario geogra Pico, estadistico y historico de Espana, y sus posesiones de Ultramar (Madrid, 1848-1850).

00Statistical returns, however, are somewhat incomplete and conflicting, and cannot be used with confidence.

00Noll, A Short History of Mexico (Chicago, 1903); Santiago Ramirez, Noticia historica de la riqueza mineira de Mexico (Mexico, 1884); Friedrich Ratzel, Aus Mexico: Reiseskizzen aus den Jahren 1874-1876 (Breslau, 1878); Matias Romero, Geographical and Statistical Notes on Mexico (New York, 1898); idem, Mexico and the United States (New York, 1898); E.

00No proper statistical basis for estimating the quotas existed, and the device gave each state a plausible reason for attempting secession on occasion.

00The success which crowned his efforts was so great that in 1854 he was induced to enter the government service, as chief of the newly instituted statistical department.

00He founded at Dresden the first Mortgage Insurance Society (Hypotheken-Versicherungsgesellschaft), and as a result of the success of his work was summoned in 1860 to Berlin as director of the statistical department, in succession to Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Dieterici (1790-1859).

00Engel was a voluminous writer on the subjects with which his name is connected, but his statistical papers are mostly published in the periodicals which he himself established, viz.

00See also the Statistical Register, Cape of Good Hope, issued yearly at Cape Town, and the Annual Report, Bechuanaland.

00There are abundant statistical indications that the line (be the ~fiuence that draws it economic or social) between urban centres of nly 2500 inhabitants and rural districts is much sharper to-day than was that between the country and cities of 8000 inhabitants (the largest had five times that number) in 1790.

00It is evident that the characteristics of the factory age to which reference is made above would have acted upon native British as upon any other stock; and that it has universally so acted there is abundant statistical evidence, in Europe and even in a land of such youth and ample opportunities as Australia.

00It will be seen that the commercial1789-1818consult Adam Seyberts Statistical Annals (Philadelphia, 1818), which are based upon official documents, a large part of which are no longer in existence.

00Most of this is summed up in the annual Statistical Year Book of Canada and in the Official Handbook of the Dominion of Canada, issued at frequent intervals by the Department of the Interior.

00The census and statistics office, reorganized as a branch of the department of agriculture in 1905, undertakes a complete census of population, of agriculture, of manufactures and of all the natural products of the Dominion every ten years, a census of the population and agriculture of the three North-West Provinces every five years, and various supplemental statistical inquiries at shorter intervals.

00The convention sets out the scope and objects of the institute, which a recent British official publication states has been joined by 38 states, including Great Britain and all other great powers, as follows: Whilst limiting its action to international questions, it shall be the duty of the institute: (a) To collect, elaborate and publish, with as little delay as possible, statistical, technical, or economic information regarding the cultivation of the soil, its productions, whether animal or vegetable, the trade in agricultural products, and the prices obtained on the various markets.

00See Cornelius Walford, "On the Famines of the World, Past and Present" (Journal of the Statistical Society, 1878-1879); Romesh C. Dutt, Famines in India (1900); Robert Wallace, Famine in India (1900); George Campbell, Famines in India (1769-1788); Chronological List of Famines for all India (Madras Administration Report, 1885); J.

00C. Geddes, Administrative Experience in Former Famines (1874); Statistical Atlas of India (1895); F.

00The death of his mother in 1762 having deprived him of his means of support, he went in 1763 on the invitation of the pastor of the Lutheran community, Anton Friedrich Biisching, the founder of the modern historic statistical method of geography, to teach natural history in the Lutheran academy, St Petersburg.

00Summing up the history of the papacy from the Congress of Vienna to the fall of the temporal power, one finds statistical gains in Protestant countries offset perhaps by relative losses in Catholic lands, both largely due to the closely related forces of toleration and immigration.

00Out of his endeavours sprang a new organization, the China Inland ' For complete directory see Statistical Atlas of Foreign Missions (1910).

00Smirnoff, Russian Orthodox Missions; an article in The East and the West (April, 1904); and the Statistical Atlas (1910), p. 99.

00If, however, we are to take statistical returns for what they are worth, it is estimated that the Christians in heathen lands gathered by Protestant missions probably amount to five millions, and a similar total may be ascribed to Roman Catholic missions, making ten millions in all.

00The figures are for 1907 and should be compared with those in the Statistical Atlas.

00For two years preceding the conference eight representative commissions investigated the following questions: 1 The Statistical Atlas (1910) puts it at £5,071,225, of which British and American societies each find about £2, 000,000, and German societies £427,455.

00The reports on these subjects in eight volumes, together with a ninth volume giving the proceedings of the conference itself, and a statistical atlas, will for some time be the vade mecum of information on Christian missions, and precludes the need of any attempt at a bibliography here, an attempt which would indeed be doomed to failure.

00Dwight (1907); and the already mentioned Statistical Atlas of Missions (1910) by H.

00His high reputation as a financial journalist and statistician, gained in these years, led to his appointment in 1876 as head of the statistical department in the Board of Trade, and subsequently he became assistant secretary (1882) and finally controllergeneral (1892), retiring in 1897.

00In connexion with his position as chief statistical adviser to the government, he was constantly employed in drawing up reports, giving evidence before commissions of inquiry, and acting as a government auditor, besides publishing a number of important essays on financial subjects.

00He was president of the Statistical Society (1882-1884); and after being made a C.B.

00Commerce and Finance: British consular reports (London, annual); Report of the Council of the Corporation of Foreign Bondholders (London, annual); statistical publications of the Paraguay government and presidential messages, in Spanish (Asuncion, annual); Revue du Paraguay (Asuncion, monthly); Paraguay (Washington, Bureau of Amer.

00The laborious apparatus of historical and statistical facts respecting the several countries of the globe, adduced in the altered form of the essay, though it contains a good deal that is curious and interesting, establishes no general result which was not previously well known.

00The average value of each article is fixed annually in Germany under the direction of the Imperial Statistical Office, by a commission of experts, who receive information from chambers of commerce and other sources.

00Ktirsc,hner, Steals- Hof- mid Kommunalhandhuch des Reiches find der Eznzelstc,aten (Leipzig, 1900); P. Hage Grundriss der deutschen Staats- und Rechtskunde (Stuttgart, 1906) and for statistical matter chiefly the following: Centraiblatl f~ des deutsche Reich.

00See also among English publications on geographical and statistical matter:

00- Statistical: The various departments of the provincial government publish annual reports, and frequent special reports.

00For statistical information consult the reports on the censuses of 1897 and 1907, published by the Ministry of the Interior, Cairo, in 1898 and 1909.

00From 1778 to his death he exercised a great power in the statistical and critical departments of letters.

00Jens Peter Trap (1810-1885) concluded his great statistical account of Denmark in 1879.

0025 and his mastery of statistical detail and argument made his appointment as chancellor of the exchequer part of the natural order of things when in December 1905 Mr Balfour resigned and Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (q.v.) became prime minister.

00The statistical investigation of correlations forms a new branch of biological inquiry, generally termed "Biometrics," inaugurated by F.

00Selection and its results can be adequately studied only in those cases which admit of statistical tabulation.

00Amongst the numerous scientific associations are the central statistical department, and the Budapest communal bureau of statistics, which under the directorship of Dr Joseph de KiirOsy has gained a European reputation.

00Moses, Illinois, Historical and Statistical (2 vols., Chicago, 1889); and H.

00Edgeworth, in two papers on " The Statistics of Examinations " and the " Element of Chance in Competitive Examinations " (Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 1888 and 1890), has dealt with the subject, although on somewhat limited lines.

00Paulsen, The German Universities, pp. 344-345)1; (vii.) examinations of several hundred candidates at a time cannot be rationally conducted so as to be equally fair to the individuality of all candidates; the individual test is the only complete one (it is admitted that examinations on a large scale necessarily involve a margin of error; but this error may be reduced to a minimum, especially by a combination of oral and practical with written work); (viii.) the multiplicity of school examinations required for different reasons produces confusion in our secondary education (there is a growing tendency to admit equivalence of " schoolleaving " and entrance examinations; thus entrance examinations of Oxford, Cambridge and London, and the Northern Universities Joint Board are interchangeable under certain conditions); (ix.) the multiplicity of examinations tends to " underselling " (the success of the London examinations in medicine proves that a high standard attracts candidates as well as a low one; possibly intermediate standards may be killed in the competition; it is by no means obvious that a uniform system of examinations would conduce to efficiency); (x.) examinations produce physical damage to health, especially in the case of women-students (on this point more statistical evidence is needed; see, however, Engelmann quoted by G.

00Edgeworth, " The Statistics of Examinations," and " The Element of Chance in Competitive Examinations," Journal of the Statistical Society, 1888 and 1890 respectively; H.

00Moreover, the looseness of his statements and the rashness of his inferences regarding statistical averages make him, as a great authority has remarked, the enfant terrible of moral statisticians.

00A review of Indian trade by the director-general of the statistical department in India is annually presented to parliament, and there- Exports.

00Imperial Gazetteer of India (new edition, 1907-1909); Census of India (1901); Statistical Atlas of India (1895); G.

00Hunter, Statistical Account of Bengal (1875); Hughes' Dictionary of Islam (London, 1895); Sir Denzil Ibbetson, Outlines of Punjab Ethnography; E.

00Although the parallaxes hitherto measured have added greatly to our general knowledge of stellar distances and absolute luminosities of stars, a collection of results derived by various observers choosing specially selected stars is not suitable for statistical discussion.

00But the two theories lead to a very different statistical distribution of the stellar motions.

00Until the hypothesis has been thoroughly tested by an examination of the line-of-sight velocities of stars from the same point of view, this physical interpretation must be received with some degree of caution; but there can be no doubt of the reality of the anomalies in the statistical distribution of proper motions of the stars, and of these it offers a simple and adequate explanation.

00(See Telepathy.) Both among civilized and uncivilized peoples there is a widespread belief that the apparition of a living person is an omen of death; but until the Society of Psychical Research undertook the statistical examination of the question, there were no data for estimating the value of the belief.

00He also wrote A Political Life of Sir Robert Peel (London, 1856); A Financial, Statistical and Monetary History of England from 1688 (London, 1847); Matter for Materialists (London, 1870); The Eve of St Mark, a Romance of Venice; and three dramas, The Statue Wife, Diocletian and Caius Marius, in addition to some fishing songs, and many contributions to various newspapers and periodicals.

00The general name is applied by the natives only to the roughly triangular main trunk of the island, while the larger peninsulas, the landward extremities of which taper to narrow necks of land, are considered to be as distinct from Riigen as the various adjacent smaller islands which are also included for statistical purposes under the name.

00These theories, however, being supported, according to the authorities of to-day, by no evidence, statistical or other, need not be here considered.

00Fossett, Colorado; A Historical, Descriptive and Statistical Work on the Rocky Mountain Gold and Silver Region (Denver, 1878; New York, 1879, 2nd ed., 1880).

00The Statistical Annual for Finland - Statistisk Arsbok for Finland - published annually by the Central Statistical Bureau in Helsingfors, gives the necessary figures.

00In the able statistical discussions in the reports of the United Free Church it is pointed out that in the figures furnished by the churches the numbers of members and the numbers of deaths are not in the same proportion as the population of the country and the general death-rate, and the conclusion is drawn that the number of members is in each case too great.

00P. P. Semenov's Geographical and Statistical Dictionary (5 vols., St Petersburg, 1863-85) contains a full bibliography of the Volga and tributaries.

00Physicians and physiologists have frequently discussed celibacy from their professional point of view; but it will be sufficient to note here the results of statistical inquiries.

00Lastly, statistical research has shown that the children of the married British clergy have been distinguished far beyond their mere numerical proportion.8/n==Authorities== - Henry Charles Lea, History of Sacerdotal Celibacy (3rd ed., 1907, 2 vols), is by far the fullest and best work on this subject, though a good deal of important matter omitted by Dr Lea may be found in Die Einfiihrung der erzwungenen Ehelosigkeit by the brothers Johann Anton and Augustin Theiner, which was put on the Roman Index, though Augustin afterwards became archivist at the Vatican (Altenburg, 1828, 2 vols.).

001 Adapted from the Statistical Abstract for the United Kingdom, where it is specified that the value of new ships and boats, with their machinery, was not included in exports before 1899.

00Vital statistics: Reports of the registrars-general respectively for England, for Scotland (Edinburgh), for Ireland (Dublin); Census Reports (decennial, 1901, &c.), ditto; Education: Reports of the Board of Education for England and Wales; Report of the Commissioners of National Education in Ireland; Report of the Committee of Council on Education in Scotland; Electoral Statistics (London, 1905); Statistical Tables relating to Emigration and Immigration; Judicial Statistics of England and Wales, of Scotland, of Ireland; Local Government Reports, ditto; Statistical Abstract for the United Kingdom, in which the most important statistics are summarized for each of the fifteen years preceding the year of issue.

00Of the deaths in any place the only check obtainable is from the public body-washers, but many corpses areburied without the aid of the public body-washers; and the population of the place not being accurately known, the number of deaths, however correct, is useless for statistical purposes.

00His principal book, Historical and Statistical Information respecting the Indian Tribes of the United States, illustrated with 336 plates from original drawings, in part a compilation, was issued under the patronage of Congress in six quarto volumes, from 1851 to 1857.

00This paper does not appear to have attracted much attention either in 1862 or on its publication four years later in the Journal of the Statistical Society; and it was not till 1871, when the Theory of Political Economy appeared, that Jevons set forth his doctrines in a fully developed form.

00A South African Customs Statistical Bureau, which deals with the external trade of British South Africa,' was established in July 1905.

00- Statistical Year Books or Registers; Census Reports; Reports of the Statistical Bureau (since 1905); Annual Trade Returns and other official publications, especially those on native affairs, mining, agriculture and railways; Argus Annual and South African'Directory (Cape Town); L.

00on the Possible Improvement of the Human Breed under the existing Conditions of Law and Sentiment (1901); see also Biometrika (a journal for the statistical study of biological problems, of which the first volume was published in 1902).

00Numerous official reports, chiefly statistical, are published periodically in Lisbon; a few are written in French, the majority in Portuguese.

00The foreign trade of Bolivia is comparatively unimportant, but the statistical returns are incomplete and unsatisfactory; the imports of 1904 aggregated only £1,734,551 in value, and the exports only £1,851,758.

00He contributed largely to several scientific periodicals, and was instrumental in founding the Astronomical (1820) and Statistical (1834) Societies.

00Notwithstanding the continuous pressure of an active business life he found time to contribute largely many valuable articles to the magazines and newspapers, and took an active part in the proceedings of the Royal Statistical Society (of which he was one of the honorary secretaries, editor of its journal, and in1869-1871president) and the Political Economy Club.

00during the time of Augustus); Hellanicus of Mytilene; Stesimbrotus of Thasos, opponent of Pericles and reputed author of a political pamphlet on Themistocles, Thucydides and Pericles; Hippys and Glaucus, both of Rhegium, the first the author of histories of Italy and Sicily, the second of a treatise on ancient poets and musicians, used by Harpocration and Plutarch; Damastes of Sigeum, pupil of Hellanicus, author of genealogies of the combatants before Troy (an ethnographic and statistical list), of short treatises on poets, sophists, and geographical subjects.

00The first class comprehends those upon which his fame chiefly rests; for although he did not possess the genius of D'Anville, he may be regarded as the creator of modern Statistical Geography.

00Statistical inquiries as to the incidence of taxation or of particular taxes, though ideal or even approximate equality of a palpable arithmetical kind is practically unattainable by governments, are not altogether to be put aside.

00- A list of the numerous statistical and other official publications issued at Bucharest in Rumanian or French is given yearly in Annual statistic al Romdniei.

00To draw a trustworthy conclusion it is necessary that the spot should be quiescent, show a well-developed and fairly symmetrical penumbra, and be observed near the limb and also near the centre, and these conditions are satisfied in so few cases as to withdraw all statistical force from the conclusion.

00Some statistical authorities have adopted 12% as the rate, but this is too high for such a period.

00According to a statistical summary issued in 1906 by the U.S. Bureau of Statistics, entitled "Commercial America in 1905," the latest official return to the foreign trade of Colombia was said to be that of 1898, which was: imports 11,083,000 pesos, exports 19,158,000 pesos.

00A Statistical Register is issued yearly by the Cape government.

00a multiplication-table), statistical tables, &c., the numbers are written vertically downwards.

00In the case of lists and schedules the numbers are only ordinals; but in the case of mathematical or statistical tables they are usually regarded as cardinals,though, when they represent values of a continuous quantity, they must be regarded as ordinals (§§ 26, 93).

00See also the Reports of the Twelfth Federal Census for detailed statistical matter as to production, industries and population.

00On soil and agriculture, see Biennial Reports (Topeka, 1877 seq.) of the State Board of Agriculture; Experiment Station Bulletin of the Kansas Agricultural College (Manhattan); and statistics in the United States Statistical Abstract (annual, Washington), and Federal Census reports.

00In 1829 he published An Historical and Statistical Account of Nova Scotia.

00The legislative and statistical and especially the ritualistic parts belonging to P are so detailed and uninteresting that they make no impression on a reader's memory, and P's diffuseness, always undue, reaches a climax in chap. vii.

00For commerce: - Annual British Consular Reports; Statistical Reports of the Servian Ministry of Commerce.

00The number of stars is so vast that statistical methods can be applied to many of the characters which they exhibit - their spectra, their apparent and absolute luminosity, and their arrangement in space.

00Smyth, Ireland, Historical and Statistical (1844-1849); Sir C. E.

001 There is a twofold account of his migration to Bethel with his nephew Lot; the more statistical form in xi.

00The principles of statistical process control may be used to ensure that quality control parameters remain within defined limits and reduce losses.

00Sir Richard said this finding did not show the power lines caused leukemia - he thinks this could be " a statistical quirk ".

00Within this report the existing reefer fleet is given a statistical overview.

00Some of the earliest work applying statistical methods in volcanology involved looking at the expected repose interval between volcanic eruptions.

00This time it was based on statistical salami tactics.

00Never have they been required to nor been able to produce a shred of statistical evidence to back up that claim.

00Statistical significance does not transfer directly into clinical practice.

00You can get the latest shareware versions of various statistical software or of population dynamics simulation.

00Fit Details The Add Sine Component Linear Fit Details adds a statistical breakdown of each sinusoid in the fit.

00At present, a statistical formalization of snowball sample biases is not available (Van Meter, 1990).

00This work attempts to apply statistical models such as the compound K-distribution to sonar imagery.

00Even on the basis of half a business cycle there is no statistical evidence of a UK productivity spurt.

00These include statistical, mapping, graphical, sound, and moving image materials to name a few.

00The focus here is on the detailed statistical analysis of the survey results.

00A paper on statistical methods will follow in due course.

00Assessable learning outcomes: Students will learn to apply basic statistical techniques to social science data.

00The winners are chosen on a purely statistical basis following an analysis of all the results in each category.

00The service is also wholly responsible for sponsored research which is essentially statistical in nature.

00Leave individuals high during the year bar those that statistical.

00EBM seems to be so statistical that you need a brain the size of a small planet even to begin to understand it.

00The statisticians in the department also provide a statistical advisory service.

00Statistical quantification of the effect of thermal stratification on patterns of dispersion in a freshwater zooplankton community.

00This article compares the traditional statistical approach to our understanding of enzyme function with that of the opposing structuralist view.

00Statistical tables are sometimes tabulated only for one-tailed hypotheses.

00In India, the seasonal forecast of monsoon rainfall has traditionally been issued using a number of statistical techniques (see Kumar et al.

00These chapters, stuffed full of tables and statistical results, are a bit tedious to read, and perhaps could have been shortened.

00Power of statistical tests and prevalence in the literature.

00Elementary textbooks contain detailed discussions of the factors influencing power in a statistical test.

00This is important in the statistical thermodynamics of solids.

00Topics include: chemical thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory, chemical kinetics, and statistical thermodynamics.

00

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