Sputum Sentence Examples
The GP may arrange for sputum specimens to be sent to the laboratory.
For example, a person suffering with pneumococcal pneumonia may have chest pain, cough, purulent sputum, and fever.
Swallowed infected sputum has resulted in spread to the Peyer 's patches of the ileum.
Pulmonary tuberculosis is usually diagnosed by chest X-ray and/or sputum analysis (microscopy and culture); serological tests are increasingly available.
In vitro studies have shown that CF sputum reduces transfection efficiency.Advertisement
Laboratory studies of sputum, blood, urine, and stool can detect abnormalities that may confirm cancer.
Sputum cytology involves the microscopic examination of phlegm that is coughed up from the lungs.
Sputum samples are analyzed to determine the types of bacteria present in the lungs.
A definitive diagnosis is based on culture or detection of the virus in eye secretions, sputum, urine, or stool.
A dry cough does not bring up a mixture of mucus, irritants, and other substances from the lungs (sputum), while a productive cough does.Advertisement
In the case of a bacterial infection, the sputum brought up in a productive cough may be greenish, gray, or brown.
In the most serious conditions, the sputum may contain blood.
The appearance of the sputum also helps determine what type of infection, if any, may be involved.
The doctor may even observe the sputum microscopically for the presence of bacteria and white blood cells.
Coughing brings up a greenish yellow phlegm or sputum.Advertisement
A sputum culture may be performed, particularly if the sputum is green or has blood in it, to determine whether a bacterial infection is present and to identify the disease-causing organism so that an appropriate antibiotic can be selected.
Normally, the patient will be asked to cough deeply then spit the material that comes up from the lungs (sputum) into a cup.
Occasionally, in diagnosing a chronic lung disorder, the sample of sputum is collected using a procedure called a bronchoscopy.
In this procedure, the patient is given a local anesthetic, and a tube is passed into the airways to collect a sputum sample.
Cough suppressants are used only when the cough is dry and produces no sputum.Advertisement
Children may cough up clumps of sputum or phlegm, secretions produced in the alveoli during the infection or inflammatory condition.
Laboratory diagnostic tests may include staining sputum samples on a glass slide and looking at the stained specimen under a microscope to determine if white cells, red cells, or bacteria are present.
Identification of the specific type of bacteria may require culturing the sputum, a microbiological technique that identifies disease-causing bacterial organisms in infected material.
A small sample of sputum will be streaked on a special plate filled with medium that allows the specific organism to be grown in the laboratory under certain conditions.
Bluish skin (cyanosis), coughing, vomiting, and frothy pink sputum (material expelled from the respiratory tract by coughing) are often observed.Advertisement
These signs include high fever, intense chills, chest pains associated with breathing, and a productive cough with thick yellowish green sputum.
Tuberculosis is nearly always diagnosed by tuberculin skin tests, although one can also be diagnosed by chest x rays and analysis of sputum (matter from the respiratory tract) smears and cultures.
It is found in the buboes in ordinary cases, in the blood in the so-called " septicaemic " cases, and in the sputum of pneumonic cases.
Thus if a little diphtheritic sputum were coughed into a person's eye, or some blood containing anthrax bacilli were to touch a raw spot upon the hand, the removal of microbes in either case by washing with simple water might be regarded as a means of passive defence, whilst washing them away with an antiseptic lotion might be regarded as active defence, because the antiseptic would tend not only to remove but to destroy the microbes.
In adult studies, montelukast reduced sputum eosinophils and attenuated early and late phase allergen-induced reactions.
Methods to accurately measure eotaxin in lung lavage fluid, sputum and blood are being developed.
Infection is most commonly acquired by aerosol spread from index cases, who are sputum smear positive.
Outcomes included inflammatory cells in induced sputum and bronchial biopsies, and methacholine responsiveness.
Patients with Legionnaires ' disease usually have fever, chills, and a cough, which may be dry or may produce sputum.
Eleven of these mothers were sputum positive and the two children who died both had a sputum positive mother.
Swallowed infected sputum has resulted in spread to the Peyer's patches of the ileum.
He surfaced up to his waist and started shouting and groaning, with bloody sputum coming from his mouth.
Chest pains, or coughing up blood or blood-stained sputum.
Pulmonary tuberculosis is usually diagnosed by chest X-ray and/or sputum analysis (microscopy and culture ); serological tests are increasingly available.
The production of purulent sputum and the presence of wheeze may also indicate underlying lung disease.
Green sputum does not necessarily mean that you have a secondary chest infection.
A possible factor is shown in the results of UV light intensity in the sputum induction room.
Please note an emergency request for a sputum sample should be accompanied by a laboratory call out.
Repeat episodes of pneumonia were defined by the presence of new pathogens on sputum culture.