Spiritualism has been accused of a tendency to produce insanity, but spiritualistic sittings carried on by private persons do not appear to he harmful provided those who find in themselves "mediumistic" powers do not lose their self-control and exercise these powers when they do not desire to do so, or against their better judgment.
what is usually called spiritualism) "is supported," says Serjeant Cox.
Besides the general arguments for supposing that the physical phenomena of spiritualism may be due to conjuring, there are two special reasons which gain in force as time goes on.
In such a state of despair and destitution there is no hope for spiritualism, save in God; and Clauberg, Geulincx and Malebranche all take refuge under the shadow of his wings to escape the tyranny of extended matter.
SPIRITUALISM, a term used by philosophical writers to denote the opposite of materialism, and also used in a narrower sense to describe the belief that the spiritual world manifests itself by producing in the physical world effects inexplicable by the known laws of nature.
It was, however, at Rochester, where Kate and her sister Margaret (1836-1893)(1836-1893) went to live with a married sister (Mrs Fish) that modern spiritualism assumed its present form, and that communication was, as it was believed, established with lost relatives and deceased eminent men.
It was at Keighley in Yorkshire - where also the first English periodical, the Yorkshire Spiritual Telegraph, was published in 1855 and onwards - that spiritualism as a religious movement first made any mark in England; but this movement, though it spread rather widely, cannot be said to have attained at any time very vigorous proportions.
The interest in spiritualism, apart from scientific curiosity and mere love of the marvellous, is partly due to the belief that trustworthy information and advice about mundane matters can be obtained through mediums - to the same impulse in fact which has in all ages attracted inquirers to fortune-tellers.
1871; republished with other papers by Crookes, under the title of Researches on the Phenomena of Spiritualism (1874-1876).
Public sittings are apt to be means of obtaining money by false pretences, and the great scandal of spiritualism is undoubtedly the encouragement it gives to the immoral trade of fraudulent mediumship.
There seems to have been little practical interest in spiritualism in England till 1852, when its first development took the form of a mania for table-turning.
His father, a Lutheran clergyman at Leonberg, dabbled in spiritualism, and was deprived of his living in 1771.
In fact the ready acceptance of spiritualism testifies to the force with which the primitive animistic way of looking at things appealed to the white races in the middle of the last century.
In modern spiritualism the familiar is represented by the "guide," corresponding to which we have the theosophical "guru."
But the appearance of Home's Lights and Shadows of Spiritualism (1877) had a prejudicial effect upon the propaganda, and Heliona P. Blavatsky (as she began to style herself) retired to India.
A peculiarity of his thought was the realistic nature of his spiritualism: his abstractions are all real existences; his spiritual entities are real and corporeal; his truth is actual being.
When the movement of modern spiritualism first reached Europe from America in the winter of 1852-3, the most popular method of consulting the "spirits" was for several persons to sit round a table, with their hands resting on it, and wait for the table to move.
1853 - article by Carpenter on Spiritualism, &c.; Mrs De Morgan, From Matter to Spirit (London, 1863); Ch.
Podmore, Modern Spiritualism (2 vols., London, 1902), and The Newer Spiritualism (1910); F.
Capron, Modern Spiritualism, its Facts, &c. (Boston, 1855), for the early history of the movement in America; J.
Dexter, Spiritualism (New York, 1853-1855); R.
Hare, Experimental Investigations of the Spirit Manifestations (New York, 1856); Allan Kardec, Livre des esprits (1st ed., 1853); Mrs De Morgan, From Matter to Spirit (London, 1863), with preface by Professor De Morgan; Alfred Russel Wallace, Miracles and Modern Spiritualism (1876); W.
(Oxon.)], Spirit Identity and Spirit Teaching; Zbllner, Wissenschaftliche Abhandlungen (the part relating to spiritualism has been translated into English under the title Transcendental Physics by C. C. Massey); Report of the Seybert Commission on Spiritualism (Philadelphia, 1887); Professor Th.
A succinct account of typical frauds of spiritualism is contained in D.
Stripped of its definitely miraculous character, the doctrine of the inner light may be regarded as the familiar mystical protest against formalism, literalism, and scripture-worship. Swedenborg, though selected by Emerson in his Representative Men as the typical mystic, belongs rather to the history of spiritualism than to that of mysticism as understood in this article.
In order to justify superstition and the ancient forms of worship, philosophy becomes in his hands a theurgy, a knowledge of mysteries, a sort of spiritualism.
With this dualism and the recognition of the worthlessness and absolutely vicious nature of the material world is combined a decided spiritualism.
Podmore, Modern Spiritualism (London, 1902), ii.
We here see the influence of his convictions on the subject of "spiritualism."
Turning to his other writings, Wallace published Miracles and Modern Spiritualism in 1881.
This view, however, always has been strongly opposed by those who accept on theological grounds a spiritualistic doctrine, or what is, perhaps, more usual, a theory which combines spiritualism and materialism in the doctrine of a composite nature in man, animal as to the body and in some measure as to the mind, spiritual as to the soul.
His Theory of Preaching (1881) and English Eliakim Phelps afterwards lived in Stratford, Herkimer county, New York, where his house was "possessed" and was long a place of curious interest to students of "spiritualism."
Ragley became a centre not only of devotion but of wonderworking spiritualism.'
The earlier spiritualism was founded upon facts in nature, which did not need the desperate expedient of a miracle to explain.
preternatural phenomena associated with Spiritualism, conducting his experiments on strict scientific grounds.
The following year Massey did expand the address into a small book concerning spiritualism, published by James Burns.
She had sought him out in the first instance, she observed, because she was a believer in what is called spiritualism.
Sir William Crookes was probably the first major figure to investigate spiritualism.
The suggestion does not make spiritualism in abstract logic any more improbable.
Gradually over the years the powerful establishment propaganda machine has managed to destroy the word spiritualism.
spiritualism discovered that the human organism is in some mysterious way bound up with the sÃ©ance room phenomena.
One of the first recorded incidents of materialization took place in America during 1860 by the Fox sisters, founders of modern spiritualism.
Against this tradition of philosophical spiritualism in France stand two movements.
We see from the Epistle of John how mortally afraid of gnostic spiritualism were the founders of the historical fraud.
Strictly speaking, the word spiritualism is not mentioned in the Bible.
Everyone is welcome to drink beer and discuss spirituality, buddhism, paganism, spiritualism, tarot, ghosts and anything else.
The anonymous objections are very much the statement of common-sense against philosophy; those of Caterus criticize the Cartesian argument from the traditional theology of the church; those of Arnauld are an appreciative inquiry into the bearings and consequences of the meditations for religion and morality; while those of Hobbes (q.v.) and Gassendi - both somewhat senior to Descartes and with a dogmatic system of their own already formed - are a keen assault upon the spiritualism of the Cartesian position from a generally " sensational " standpoint.
To the first belong what may be called the physical phenomena (q.v.) of spiritualism - those, namely, which, if correctly observed and due neither to conscious or unconscious trickery nor to hallucination or illusion on the part of the observers, exhibit a force acting in the physical world hitherto unknown to science.
This class bears affinity to some of the phenomena of hypnotism and of certain nervous 1 It is possible that the family of Dr Phelps were unaware of the "Rochester knockings" when the disturbances began in his house at Stratford, Connecticut, in 1850 (see Capron's Modern Spiritualism, its Facts, &c.); but these disturbances, as recorded, have no closer resemblance to the ordinary occurrences at a spiritualistic sÃ©ance than those which took place at Tedworth in 1661 (see Glanvill's Sadducismus Triumphatus) and at Slawensik in 1806 (see Kerner's Seherin von Prevorst), and others too numerous to mention.
(1) Almost every medium who has been prominently before the public has at some time or other been detected in fraud, or what cannot be distinguished from fraud except on some violently improbable hypothesis; and (2) although it is easy to devise experiments of various kinds which, by eliminating the necessity for continuous observation on the part of the investigator, would place certain phenomena above the suspicion of conjur 1 See, e.g., Report on Spiritualism of the Committee of the London Dialectical Society (1871), pp. 207, 367-369.
Home's Lights and Shadows of Spiritualism (2nd ed., 1877-1878), and also in Hereward Carrington's The Physical Phenomena of Spiritualism, Fraudulent and Genuine (Boston 1907).
It seems to have been common among the Jews, and the case of the witch of Endor is narrated in a way to suggest something beyond fraud; in the book of magic which bears the name of Dr Faustus may be found many of the formulae for raising demons; in England may be mentioned especially Dr Dee as one of the most famous of those who claimed before the days of modern spiritualism to have intercourse with the unseen world and to summon demons at his will.
A vivid new light is shed by him upon certain problems, such for instance as those of the imagination or intuition, the source of Art and the theme of the Aesthetic, upon pure will, the source of Economic of Rights and of Politics, treated by Economic. The more precise determination and configuration of the categories and their mode of acting, by means of which is negated and solved the concept of an external reality and of nature placed outside the spirit and opposed to it, led Croce to an absolute spiritualism, widely different from the pan-logicism of Hegel and his school, which only seemed to solve the dualism of spirit and nature and really opened the door to the notion of a transcendental God, as became clear in the development of Hegel's theory at the hands of the right wing of his school.
Chevreul was a determined enemy of charlatanism in every form, and a complete sceptic as to the "scientific" psychical research or spiritualism which had begun in his time (see his De la baguette divinatoire, et des tables tournantes, 1864).
But the most noticeable passage in Le Nouveau spiritualisme (1884) is its contrast between the old and the new; where he says that the old spiritualism opposed spirit to matter, God to Nature, the new spiritualism places matter in spirit, Nature in God (p. 377).
He at once began to take an independent part in the movements then agitating NewEngland, which between 1830 and 1850 was stirred by discussions pertaining to Unitarianism, transcendentalism, spiritualism, abolitionism and various schemes for communistic living.
for "breath" or "breeze"), a term used in old days to denote a supposed ethereal emanation from a volatile substance; applied later to the "electrical aura," or air-current caused by electrical discharge; in epilepsy to one of its premonitory symptoms; and in spiritualism to a mysterious light associated with the presence of spirit-forms. See also Aureola.
The following year Massey did expand the address into a small book Concerning Spiritualism, published by James Burns.
Inquirers into spiritualism discovered that the human organism is in some mysterious way bound up with the sÃ©ance room phenomena.
We see from the Epistle of John how mortally afraid of Gnostic Spiritualism were the founders of the historical fraud.
But the only thing Christian about Christian Spiritualism is that it has the name " Christian " in its title !
If a couple does not practice a particular religion, or if the bride and groom are of different faiths, writing vows can help them incorporate their own spiritualism into the ceremony.
Celtic knots are delicate and highly symbolic designs with different twists representing the connections between nature, life, and spiritualism.
Cultural and spiritual jewlelry stores, especially those focusing on Irish and Scottish heritage, vintage jewelry, and Wicca spiritualism may also have a unique selection of Celtic designs.
Not only was Sir Arthur Conan Doyle the author of the Sherlock Holmes books, but he was also deeply interested in spiritualism.
Arthur Conan Doyle, Spiritualism, and Fairies - This site is dedicated to the author and some of his more memorable ideas and thoughts.
To this movement, which has been called "modern spiritualism," the present article is confined.
The first two causes have attracted many inquirers; but it is the last that has chiefly given to modern spiritualism its religious aspect.
But if the progress of physical science has not prevented the rehabilitation of much of ancient alchemy by the later researches into chemical change, and if psychology now finds a place for explanations of spiritualism and witchcraft which involve the admission of the empirical facts under a new theory (as in the case of the diviningrod, &c.), it is at least conceivable that some new synthesis might once more justify part at all events of ancient and medieval astromancy, to the extent of admitting the empirical facts where provable, and substituting for the supposed influence of the stars as such, some deeper theory which would be consistent with an application to other forms of prophecy, and thus might reconcile the possibility of dipping into futurity with certain interrelations of the universe, different indeed from those assumed by astrological theory, but underlying and explaining it.
In the present article it is impossible to give an exhaustive catalogue of the phenomena and modes of communication of modern spiritualism.'
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