This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience. Learn more

specific

Head Word icon
specific

specific Sentence Examples

  • Did something specific happen at the last place?

    273
    118
  • It's easy to identify specific crimes and follow them up.

    264
    91
  • We never had much luck going back to a specific time that long ago.

    108
    72
  • She dropped Jonathan off and told him to meet her at a specific time and place.

    107
    31
  • You wouldn't need a specific date or time and you could probably find your old home, given enough tries.

    79
    55
  • Someone his size with his specific skills didn't ask for favors or need to be polite.

    75
    57
  • Maybe - with specific instructions and precautions.

    65
    27
  • If it were something specific, it would be one thing, but Jonathan was a good boy and he didn't want to stifle him the way Carmen's parents did her.

    48
    36
  • We have specific criteria and certain limitations.

    47
    26
  • He may understand you need the specific time of the incident.

    44
    21
  • Other officers are the clerk of the county court, elected for six years, the sheriff, who also acts as tax-collector and treasurer, the prosecuting attorney, one or two assessors, the surveyor of lands and the superintendent of free schools, all elected for the term of four years; the sheriff may not serve two consecutive full terms. In addition there are boards appointed or elected by various authorities and charged with specific duties.

    43
    34
  • Each one has its own specific codes and specifications.

    40
    26
  • Sofi's skill relied mostly on reading the future of a specific soul by touching them, and he'd not let her within miles of a vamp since taking over her guardianship.

    40
    33
  • If Patsy had a destination in mind more specific than Chicago, she didn't share this knowledge with her hitchhiking passenger.

    36
    25
  • The specific name reticulatus would not apply to this; it should be guttatus rather.

    36
    25
  • Whether you look at a single country over a span of time, or a group of countries at a specific point in history, the result is the same.

    34
    26
  • Was she encouraging Alex to assume a paternal role, or was she merely old-fashioned enough to think that men and women had specific roles?

    28
    18
  • It isn't likely, though - for the simple reason that the odds of a tornado hitting any specific spot once are slim.

    28
    27
  • The pay per click (PPC) business is a way to advertise online to people who did a specific search in a search engine like Google or who are viewing content on a certain topic.

    27
    17
  • This will produce extremely specific nutritional information for just you, will add years to your life, and will increase its quality as well.

    26
    17
  • After too much heated discussion, I agreed to give a less than specific tip saying I didn't believe the child was abducted.

    23
    18
  • Either they didn't want to spook him or they don't have any concrete evidence of specific crimes.

    22
    16
  • True to our verbal blackout, nothing specific was said but the tone of her conversation hinted at sensational news.

    21
    14
  • Only specific types of glue will allow wood to adhere to itself.

    21
    17
  • The treatment is symptomatic, there being no specific antidote.

    19
    16
  • 995 European Specific timber.

    19
    18
  • The late specific tendency in favour of Jerusalem agrees with the Deuteronomic editor of Kings who condemns the sanctuaries of Dan and Bethel for -, calf-worship (1 Kings xii.

    18
    9
  • Vortr.) that the specific prediction concerning Zedekiah (xii.

    18
    12
  • The presbytery fixes the former for specific business; the latter is summoned by the moderator, either on his own initiative or on the requisition of two or more members of presbytery, for the transaction of business which has suddenly emerged.

    17
    10
  • Like silicon and carbon, very varying values had been given for its specific heat, until H.

    17
    12
  • The multitude of species and the many intermediate forms render their exact limitation difficult, but those presenting sufficiently marked characters to justify specific rank probably approach 300 in number.

    16
    12
  • Weber showed that the specific heat increases rapidly with increasing temperature.

    15
    12
  • You've demonstrated your abilities and yet you've restricted your activities to accomplish a specific good, at no small risk to yourselves, I might add.

    15
    15
  • Did he brag about specific crimes when you were cellmates?

    15
    15
  • Since she did not want to practice any specific religions, Amanda was okay with being an infidel.

    14
    9
  • In 1831, from a study of the specific heats of compounds, he formulated "Neumann's law," which expressed in modern language runs: "The molecular heat of a compound is equal to the sum of the atomic heats of its constituents."

    14
    13
  • necessary to determine the specific gravities of the various gases referred to some one of them, say hydrogen; the numbers so obtained giving the weights of the molecules referred to that of the hydrogen molecule.

    12
    9
  • The specific name was given on account of the extraordinary swiftness of the animal.

    11
    14
  • Certain categories of food are intended to be consumed under specific circumstances.

    10
    3
  • If you want to see a specific character, it is advisable to book according to your favorite cartoons.

    8
    2
  • Check with a restaurant before you go, because discounts may apply to specific days or times.

    8
    4
  • I'm afraid you'll have to be a little more specific.

    1
    0
  • of mercury, and, when of specific gravity 1.295 (corresponding to about 80% of glycerin), it is distilled under a vacuum of 28 to 29 in.

    1
    0
  • The spa (saline and carbonate springs), specific in cases of feminine disorders, is visited by about 5000 patients annually.

    1
    0
  • The classification of lichens is unique in the fact that chemical colour reactions are used by many lichenologists in the discrimination of species, and these reactions are included in the specific diagnoses.

    1
    0
  • Chloroform solidifies in the cold and then melts at - 62° C.; it boils at 61.2° C., and has a specific gravity I.

    1
    0
  • Like these, also, they respire oxygen, and are independent of light; and their various powers of growth, secretion, and general metabolism, irritability, and response to external factors show similar specific variations in both cases.

    1
    0
  • The exact meaning of these features is not clear, but if it be remembered (a) that the Levites of post-exilic literature represent only the result of a long and intricate development, (b) that the name "Levite," in the later stages at least, was extended to include all priestly servants, and (c) that the priesthoods, in tending to become hereditary, included priests who were Levites by adoption and not by descent, it will be recognized that the examination of the evidence for the earlier stages cannot confine itself to those narratives where the specific term alone occurs.

    0
    0
  • Since each letter is represented by a specific combination of positive and negative currents, it is possible, by means of the combinations, to close a local circuit at any given interval, and so cause the paper to be pressed against the periphery of the type-wheel at the time when the letter required is opposite.

    0
    0
  • The principal product is quinine, the manufacture of which has acq~iired great importance, owing to its use as a specific against malaria.

    0
    0
  • In each species, two or three kinds of nematocysts occur, some large, some small, and for specific identification the nematocysts must be studied collectively in each species.

    0
    0
  • Again he works towards the same end in his celebrated refutation of the scholastic theory of real specific essences.

    0
    0
  • The king's judges then began to ask the ordinary the specific question whether A.

    0
    0
  • Dana, and now commonly used in scientific writings as a specific term for the real Prussian amber.

    0
    0
  • Thus various parts of criminals, such as the thigh bone of a hanged man, moss grown on a human skull, &c., were used, and even the celebrated Dr Culpeper in the 17th century recommended " the ashes of the head of a coal black cat as a specific for such as have a skin growing over their sight."

    0
    0
  • All the surviving forms, however, have a completely established double system with the specific characters alluded to, and since there is every reason to believe that the conditions of evolution of the primitive Pteridophyte must have been essentially similar to those of the Bryophytes, the various stages in the evolution of the conducting system of the latter (p. 732) are very useful to compare with the arrangements met with in the former.

    0
    0
  • The plant association is sometimes referred to in technical nguage;3 the termination -etum is added to the stem of the meric name, and the specific name is put in the genitive.

    0
    0
  • These act as endowments for a specific period, and are conditional on the holder devoting his time to the investigation at first hand of some specified subject.

    0
    0
  • It is convenient to employ a specific name for a projection of a coast-line less pronounced than a peninsula, and for an inlet less pronounced than a bay or bight; outcurve and incurve may serve the turn.

    0
    0
  • It would be impracticable to go fully into the varieties of each specific form; but, partly as an example of modern geographical classification, partly because of the exceptional import of ance of mountains amongst the features of the land, one exception may be made.

    0
    0
  • The hot sulphur springs of Aix-la-Chapelle were known to the Romans and have been celebrated for centuries as specific in the cure of rheumatism, gout and scrofulous disorders.

    0
    0
  • Individual, specific and generic variations are frequent.

    0
    0
  • So long as the characters of new fossils are only of specific and generic value, it is mostly possible to assign the birds to their proper place, but when these characters indicate new families or orders, for instance Hesperornithes, Ichthyornithes, Palaelodi, their owners are put outside the more tersely constructed classifications applicable to modern birds.

    0
    0
  • In some cases the closest examination has failed to detect any distinction that may be called specific between the members of their avifauna; but in most it is possible to discover just sufficient difference to warrant a separation of the subjects.

    0
    0
  • In one instance the variation is so excessive that it fully justifies the establishment of a specific distinction.

    0
    0
  • As a specific for gout colchicum was early employed by the Arabs; and the preparation known as eau medicinale, much resorted to in the 18th century for the cure of gout, owes its therapeutic virtues to colchicum; but general attention was first directed by Sir Everard Home to the use of the drug in gout.

    0
    0
  • These assertions, and the total inadequacy of the pharmacology of colchicum, as above detailed, to explain its specific therapeutic property, show that the secret of colchicum is as yet undiscovered.

    0
    0
  • The sole but extremely important use of this drug is as a specific for gout.

    0
    0
  • The investigation that brought about this result was probably the most laborious that had been made up to Airy's time in planetary theory, and represented the first specific improvement in the solar tables effected in England since the establishment of the theory of gravitation.

    0
    0
  • The density of solid sulphur is 2 062 to 2'070, and the specific heat 0.1712; it is a bad conductor of electricity and becomes negatively electrified on friction.

    0
    0
  • Moreover, the average tractive power per locomotive and the average capacity per freight car advanced greatly in this period, although specific figures cannot be given.

    0
    0
  • Operation by private companies, under specific provisions of the government authorities with regard to the method of its exercise, has been the policy consistently carried out in France, and less systematically and consistently in other countries under the domination of the Latin race.

    0
    0
  • This is in line with the provisions in the Constitution of the United States regarding the protection of property, but the difficulty in applying the principle to the railway situation lies in the fact that costs have to be met by averaging the returns on the total amount cf business done, and it is often impossible, in specific instances, to secure a rate which can be considered to yield a fair return on the specific service rendered.

    0
    0
  • form " domain," which is chiefly used in a non-legal sense of any tract of country or district under the rule of any specific sovereign state, &c. " Domain " is, however, the form kept in the legal phrase " Eminent Domain ".

    0
    0
  • Quinine still remains the one specific. In serious cases it should not be given in solid form, but in solution by the stomach, rectum, or - better - hypodermically (Manson).

    0
    0
  • It is of course in such a case necessary to know the specific heat of the liquid in the calorimeter.

    0
    0
  • He therefore abstained from determining for each case the specific heats of the solutions he employed, and contented himself with the above approximation.

    0
    0
  • To what extent specific Babylonian influence showed itself in other directions is not completely known.

    0
    0
  • The former, however, is based upon the account of victories by the Ephraimite Joshua over confederations of petty kings to the south and north of central Palestine, apparently the specific traditions of the people of Ephraim describing from their standpoint the entire conquest of Palestine.

    0
    0
  • Nevertheless, it implies that religion passed into a new stage through the influence of Moses, and to this we find a relatively less complete analogy in the specific north Israelite traditions of the age of Jehu.

    0
    0
  • In the East, mysticism is not so much a specific phenomenon as a natural deduction from the dominant philosophic systems, and the normal expression of religious feeling in the lands in which it appears.

    0
    0
  • There is ground also for supposing that they may at first have been used with a specific or restricted local application, a more extended signification having eventually been given to them.

    0
    0
  • Such a reduction of temperature is brought about along the greater part of the coasts of India and of the BurmoSiamese peninsula by the interruption of the wind current by continuous ranges of mountains, which force the mass of air to rise over them, whereby the air being rarefied, its specific capacity for heat is increased and its temperature falls, with a corresponding condensation of the vapour originally held in suspension.

    0
    0
  • In the absence of specific evidence any such identification must be regarded with suspicion.

    0
    0
  • Whatever the specific rotation, there may in practice be deviations from the plan of retaining on the farm the whole of the root-crops, the straw of the grain crops and the leguminous fodder crops (clover, vetches, sainfoin, &c.) for the production of meat or milk, and, coincidently, for that of manure to be returned to the land.

    0
    0
  • The bishops' Interpretations and Further Considerations, issued in 1560, tolerated a lower vestiarian standard than was prescribed by the rubric of 1559; the Advertisements, which Parker published in 1566, to check the Puritan descent, had to appear without specific royal sanction; and the Reformatio legum ecclesiasticarum, which Foxe published with Parker's approval, received neither royal, parliamentary nor synodical authorization.

    0
    0
  • Then, just as it appears to have been sinking into oblivion among the people, the clergy themselves gave it the character of a specific religious festival.

    0
    0
  • Its specific gravity of 4.5 is about twice as great as that of salt and of many other colourless, transparent and glassy minerals not unlike barytes in general appearance.

    0
    0
  • The specific gravity of crude petroleum appears to range from 771 to 1.06, and the flash point from below o° to 370°F.

    0
    0
  • The residues from petroleum distillation have been shown to contain very dense solids and liquids of high specific gravity, having a large proportion of carbon and possessed of remarkable fluorescent properties.

    0
    0
  • The " cracking " process, whereby a considerable quantity of the oil which is intermediate between kerosene and lubricating oil is converted into hydrocarbons of lower specific gravity and boiling-point suitable for illuminating purposes, is one of great scientific and technical interest.

    0
    0
  • In the routine examination of crude petroleum it is customary to determine the specific gravity, and the amount of water and earthy matter in suspension; the oil is also frequently subjected to a process of fractional distillation in order to ascertain whether there has been any addition of distilled products or residue.

    0
    0
  • Petroleum spirit is tested for specific gravity, range of boilingpoints, and results of fractional distillation.

    0
    0
  • To illuminating oil or kerosene a series of tests is applied in order that the colour, odour, specific gravity and flash-point or fire-test may be recorded.

    0
    0
  • In the testing of mineral lubricating oils the viscosity, flash-point, cold-test," and specific gravity are the characters of chief importance.

    0
    0
  • As it is rich in specific expressions for the various aspects of certain ideas, it is requisite to employ always the most appropriate term suited to the particular aspect.

    0
    0
  • Medicated soaps, first investigated scientifically by Unna of Hamburg in 1886, contain certain substances which exercise a specific influence on the skin.

    0
    0
  • Subsequently electrum (an alloy of gold and silver) disappeared as a specific metal, and tin was ascribed to Jupiter instead, the sign of mercury becoming common to the metal and the planet.

    0
    0
  • Regarding all substances as being composed of one primitive matter - the prima materia, and as owing their specific differences to the presence of different qualities imposed upon it, the alchemist hoped, by taking away these qualities, to obtain the prima materia itself, and then to get from it the particular substance he desired by the addition of the appropriate qualities.

    0
    0
  • A specific Baal of the heavens appears to have been known among the Hittites in the time of Rameses II., and considerably later, at the beginning of the 7th century, it was the title of one of the gods of Phoenicia.

    0
    0
  • There is strong evidence at all events that many of the conceptions are contrary to historical fact, and the points of similarity between native Canaanite cult and Israelite worship are so striking that only the persistent traditions of Israel's origin and of the work of Moses compel the conclusion that the germs of specific Yahweh worship existed from his day.

    0
    0
  • When perfectly pure, carbon bisulphide is a colourless, somewhat pleasant smelling, highly refractive liquid, of specific gravity 1 2661 (18°/4°) (J.

    0
    0
  • Thus, in regard to the Jay treaty, he defended the constitutional right of the house to consider the treaty, but he did not urge rejection in this specific case.

    0
    0
  • The specific gravity also varies with the composition: for the pure chloride it is 5.55, and the highest recorded for an iodembolite is 6.3.

    0
    0
  • eilos, like), strictly belongs to certain elements which do not possess the properties of the true metals, although they more closely resemble them than the non-metals in many respects; thus, selenium and tellurium, which are closely allied to sulphur in their chemical properties, although bad conductors of heat and electricity, exhibit metallic lustre and have relatively high specific gravities.

    0
    0
  • Among the Arabian and later alchemists we find attempts made to collate compounds by specific properties, and it is to these writers that we are mainly indebted for such terms as "alkali," " sal," &c. The mineral acids, hydrochloric, nitric and sulphuric acids, and also aqua regia (a mixture of hydrochloric and nitric acids) were discovered, and the vitriols, alum, saltpetre, sal-ammoniac, ammonium carbonate, silver nitrate (lunar caustic) became better known.

    0
    0
  • It will be seen that each type depends upon a specific radical or atom, and the copulation of this character with any hydrocarbon radical (open or cyclic) gives origin to a compound of the same class.

    0
    0
  • It is well known that singly, doubly and trebly linked carbon atoms affect the physical properties of substances, such as the refractive index, specific volume, and the heat of combustion; and by determining these constants for many substances, fairly definite values can be assigned to these groupings.

    0
    0
  • A similar contradiction apparently exists with regard to the specific volume, for while benzene has a specific volume correspinding to Claus' formula, toluene, or methylbenzene, rather points to Kekule's.

    0
    0
  • The methods of chemical analysis may be classified according to the type of reaction: (I) dry or blowpipe analysis, which consists in an examination of the substance in the dry condition; this includes such tests as ignition in a tube, ignition on charcoal in the blowpipe flame, fusion with borax, microcosmic salt or fluxes, and flame colorations (in quantitative work the dry methods are sometimes termed " dry assaying "); (2) wet analysis, in which a solution of the substance is treated with reagents which produce specific reactions when certain elements or groups of elements are present.

    0
    0
  • A physicist, however, does more than merely quantitatively determine specific properties of matter; he endeavours to establish mathematical laws which co-ordinate his observations, and in many cases the equations expressing such laws contain functions or terms which pertain solely to the chemical composition of matter.

    0
    0
  • Recent researches have shown that the law originally proposed by Kopp - " That the specific volume of a liquid compound (molecular volume) at its boiling-point is equal to the sum of the specific volumes of its constituents (atomic volumes), and that every element has a definite atomic value in its compounds " - is by no means exact, for isomers have different specific volumes, and the volume for an increment of CH 2 in different homologous series is by no means constant; for example, the difference among the esters of the fatty acids is about 57, whereas for the aliphatic aldehydes it is 49.

    0
    0
  • Hence within narrow limits Kopp's determinations were carried out under coincident conditions, and therefore any regularities presented by the critical volumes should be revealed in the specific volumes at the boiling-point.

    0
    0
  • Specific Heat and Composition.-The nature and experimental determination of specific heats are discussed in the article Calorimetry; here will be discussed the relations existing between the heat capacities of elements and compounds.

    0
    0
  • The following table gives a comparative view of the specific heats and the ratio for molecules of variable atomic content.

    0
    0
  • In the more complex gases the specific heat varies considerably with temperature; only in the case of monatomic gases does it remain constant.

    0
    0
  • For a further discussion of the ratio of the specific heats see Molecule.

    0
    0
  • Specific Heats of Solids.-The development of the atomic theory and the subsequent determination of atomic weights in the opening decades of the 19th century inspired A.

    0
    0
  • Dulong to investigate relations (if any) existing between specific heats and the atomic weight.

    0
    0
  • This states that " the atomic heat (the product of the atomic weight and specific heat) of all elements is a constant quantity."

    0
    0
  • 38, the specific heat of water being unity in both cases.

    0
    0
  • This law-purely empirical in origin-was strengthened by Berzelius, who redetermined many specific heats, and applied the law to determine the true atomic weight from the equivalent weight.

    0
    0
  • At the same time he perceived that specific heats varied with temperature and also with allotropes, e.g.

    0
    0
  • He regarded these anomalies as solely due to the chemical nature of the elements, and ignored or regarded as insignificant such factors as the state of aggregation and change of specific heat with temperature.

    0
    0
  • The specific heats of carbon, boron and silicon subsequently formed the subject of elaborate investigations by H.

    0
    0
  • Weber, who showed that with rise of temperature the specific (and atomic) heat increases, finally attaining a fairly constant value; diamond, graphite and the various amorphous forms of carbon having the value about 5.6 at moo°, and silicon 5.68 at 232°; while he concluded that boron attained a constant value of 5.5.

    0
    0
  • Since the atomic heat of the same element varies with its state of aggregation, it must be concluded that some factor taking this into account must be introduced; moreover, the variation of specific heat with temperature introduces another factor.

    0
    0
  • We now proceed to discuss molecular heats of compounds, that is, the product of the molecular weight into the specific heat.

    0
    0
  • The specific heat of a compound may, in general, be calculated from the specific heats of its constituent elements.

    0
    0
  • Conversely, if the specific heats of a compound and its constituent elements, except one, be known, then the unknown atomic heat is readily deducible.

    0
    0
  • - Denoting the atomic weight by W and the specific heat by s, Dulong and Petit's law states that 6.4 = Ws.

    0
    0
  • The specific heat of indium is o 057; and the atomic heats corresponding to the atomic weights 38, 76 and 114 are 3.2, 4.3, 6.5.

    0
    0
  • Since a/d is the real specific volume of the molecule, it is therefore a constant; hence (N2-I)/(N2+2)d is also a constant and is independent of all changes of temperature, pressure, and of the state of aggregation.

    0
    0
  • The density and specific heat of the tetragonal form are greater than those of the yellow.

    0
    0
  • 14, p. 78) determined the densities and specific heats of these modifications.

    0
    0
  • 7 represents the specific volumes of mixtures of ammonium and potassium sulphates; the ordinates re presenting specific volumes, and the abscissae the per centage composition of the mixture.

    0
    0
  • 9 illustrates the first case: the ordinates represent specific volumes, and the abscissae denote the composition of isomorphous mixtures of ammonium and potassium dihydrogen phosphates, which mutually take one another up to the extent of 20% to form homogeneous crystals.

    0
    0
  • By plotting the specific volumes of these mixed crystals as ordinates, it is found that they fall on two lines, the upper corresponding to the orthorhombic crystals, the lower to the monoclinic. From this we may conclude that these salts are isodimorphous: the upper line represents isomorphous crystals of stable orthorhombic magnesium sulphate and unstable orthorhombic ferrous sulphate, the lower line isomor phous crystals of stable monoclinic ferrous sulphate and unstable monoclinic magnesium sulphate.

    0
    0
  • These drugs are specific for acute rheumatism (rheumatic fever).

    0
    0
  • The drug is not a true specific, as quinine is for malaria, since it rarely, if ever, prevents the cardiac damage usually done by rheumatic fever; but it entirely removes the agonizing pain, shortly after its administration, and, an hour or two later, brings down the temperature to normal.

    0
    0
  • A few of them demand from their ministers definite subscription to a specific body of doctrine, mostly of the ordinary " evangelical " type.

    0
    0
  • of the Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections) its describer refers the Klondike skull to a new genus, with the title Symbos tyrrelli, the specific name being given in honour of its discoverer.

    0
    0
  • But this specific application is dependent upon a prolonged racial preparation of the organism to respond in this particular way.

    0
    0
  • The first specific legislation on the subject was enacted on the 12th of February 1793, and like the Ordinance for the Northwest Territory and the section of the Constitution quoted above, did not contain the word "slave"; by its provisions any Federal district or circuit judge or any state magistrate was authorized to decide finally and without a jury trial the status of an alleged fugitive.

    0
    0
  • The liquid prepared by Baker is green in colour, and has a specific gravity III at ordinary temperature, but below -2° C. becomes of a deep indigo blue colour.

    0
    0
  • Russia, desirous of deriving some return for the support which she had given the sultan during his rupture with the French, induced the Porte to address to her a note in which the right of intervention in the affairs of the principalities, conferred on her by the treaty of Kainarji and reaffirmed in the convention of Ainali Ka y ak, was converted into a specific stipulation that the hospodars should be appointed in future for seven years and should not be dismissed without the concurrence of the Russian ambassador at Constantinople.

    0
    0
  • He seemed unaware of the vital importance of the moment, crouched shivering over a bivouac fire, and finally rode back to Dresden, leaving no specific orders for the further pursuit.

    0
    0
  • It differs from egg-albumin in its specific rotation (-57° to - 64°), and in being slowly coagulated by alcohol and ether.

    0
    0
  • It coagulates at about 56°, and its specific rotation is - 30.70°.

    0
    0
  • They are dextrorotatory, and the specific rotation is numerically greater than that of albumin; hence the proteids are, in general, dextrorotatory.

    0
    0
  • All obsidians have a low specific gravity (about 2.4) both because they are acid rocks and because they are non-crystalline.

    0
    0
  • Again, water, the best electrolytic solvent known, is also the body of the highest specific inductive capacity (dielectric constant), and this property, to whatever cause it may be due, will reduce the forces between electric charges in the neighbourhood, and may therefore enable two ions to separate.

    0
    0
  • It is then possible to assign to each body a specific coefficient of affinity.

    0
    0
  • It is found that the influence of different acids on this action is proportional to their specific coefficients of affinity.

    0
    0
  • As we have seen above, when a solution is placed in contact with water the water will take a positive or negative potential with regard to the solution, according as the cation or anion has the greater specific velocity, and therefore the greater initial rate of diffusion.

    0
    0
  • The old rule, however, was that "every act of parliament in which the commencement thereof is not directed to be from a specific time, doth commence from the first day of the session of parliament in which such act is passed" (33 Geo.

    0
    0
  • When heated to above 200 it turns brown and produces caramel, a substance possessing a bitter taste, and used, in its aqueous solution or otherwise, under various trade names, for colouring confectionery, spirits, &c. The specific rotation of the plane of polarized light by glucose solutions is characteristic. The specific rotation of a freshly prepared solution is 105°, but this value gradually diminishes to 52.5°, 24 hours sufficing for the transition in the cold, and a few minutes when the solution is boiled.

    0
    0
  • The specific rotation also varies with the concentration; this is due to the dissociation of complex molecules into simpler ones, a view confirmed by cryoscopic measurements.

    0
    0
  • one form, and he isolated a, 13 and y varieties with specific rotations of 105°, 52.5° and 22°.

    0
    0
  • This liquid is concentrated in vacuum pans to a specific gravity of 40° to 44° B., a small quantity of sodium bisulphite solution being added to bleach it, to prevent fermentation, and to inhibit browning.

    0
    0
  • There is, comparatively speaking, no great distance of time between the leges barbarorum and the Laws of Wales, while the contents of the latter show a similar, nay almost the same, idea of law as the former; and, apart from the fact that Wales became permanently connected at the end of the 13th century with a Teutonic people, the English, it has been noticed that in Wales Roman and Germanic, but no traces of a specific Welsh, law are found.

    0
    0
  • The larva now assumes specific characters and is practically adult.

    0
    0
  • The specific gravity is 11 352 for ingot, and from 11.354 to II '365 for sheet lead (water of 4°C. = 1).

    0
    0
  • The specific heat is.

    0
    0
  • Its specific gravity is about 9; it is sparingly soluble in water, but readily dissolves in acids and molten alkalis.

    0
    0
  • Red lead or triplumbic tetroxide, Pb304, is a scarlet crystalline powder of specific gravity 8.6-9.1, obtained by roasting very finely divided pure massicot or lead carbonate; the brightness of the colour depends in a great measure on the roasting.

    0
    0
  • The second solution is that every sensation has its specific affective quality, though by reason of the poverty of language many of these have no name.

    0
    0
  • The antipyretic action which considerable doses of aconite display is not specific, but is the result of its influence on the circulation and respiration and of its slight diaphoretic action.

    0
    0
  • The total magnetic induction or flux corresponds to the current of electricity (practically measured in amperes); the induction or flux density B to the density of the current (number of amperes to the square centimetre of section); the magnetic permeability to the specific electric conductivity; and the line integral of the magnetic force, sometimes called the magnetomotive force, to the electro-motive force in the circuit.

    0
    0
  • Unfortunately the effects of magnetization upon the specific resistance of bismuth vary enormously with changes of temperature; it is therefore necessary to take two readings of the resistance, one when the spiral is in the magnetic field, the other when it is outside.

    0
    0
  • Abrupt alterations, take place in its density, specific heat, thermo-electric quality, electrical conductivity, temperature-coefficient of electrical resistance, and in some at least of its mechanical properties.

    0
    0
  • magnetizable it is a hard steel, having a specific electrical resistance of o 000052; when non-magnetizable it is an extremely soft, mild steel, and its specific resistance is 0 000072.

    0
    0
  • The following table gives some of their results, the specific resistance of the bismuth being expressed in C.G.S.

    0
    0
  • The magnetic properties of the metal at different temperatures and in fields up to 1350 units have been studied by P. Curie (loc. cit.), who found that its " specific susceptibility " (K) was independent of the strength of the field, but decreased with rise of temperature up to the melting-point, 273° C. His results appear to show the relation - K X10 6 = I'381 - O'o0155t°.

    0
    0
  • de Phys., 18 95, 4, 204) of the specific susceptibility K of other diamagnetic substances at different temperatures.

    0
    0
  • Curie has shown, for many paramagnetic bodies, that the specific susceptibility K is inversely proportional to the absolute temperature 0.

    0
    0
  • Its specific gravity is 0.8009 (o C.).

    0
    0
  • It is readily polymerized, small quantities of hydrochloric acid, zinc chloride, carbonyl chloride, &c. converting it, at ordinary temperatures, into paraldehyde, (C 2 H 4 0) 3, a liquid boiling at 124° C. and of specific gravity o�998 (15° C.).

    0
    0
  • It is a colourless liquid of specific gravity o�8314 (20°/4°) (J.

    0
    0
  • It is a liquid, boiling at 235° C., and has a specific gravity of 0.973.

    0
    0
  • Salicylic aldehyde (ortho-hydroxybenzaldehyde), HO(I)� C 6 H 4 �CHO(2), an aromatic oxyaldehyde, is a colourless liquid of boiling point 196° C. and specific gravity.

    0
    0
  • The mass is now systematically extracted with water, and a solution of aluminium sulphate of specific gravity 1.16 is prepared.

    0
    0
  • This solution is allowed to stand for some time (in order that any calcium sulphate and basic ferric sulphate may separate), and is then evaporated until ferrous sulphate crystallizes on cooling; it is then drawn off and evaporated until it attains a specific gravity of 1.40.

    0
    0
  • As obtained by the reduction of the chloride, it is a steel grey powder of specific gravity 7 06.

    0
    0
  • M de Remusat characterizes his view on the Eucharist as a specific application of Nominalism.

    0
    0
  • William of Conches, a pupil of Bernard's, devoting himself to psychological and physiological questions, was of less importance for the specific logico-metaphysical problem.

    0
    0
  • This is manifestly true, however real the facts may be which are designated by the generic and specific names; and the position is fully accepted, as has been seen, by a Realist like Gilbert, who perhaps adopted it first from Abelard.

    0
    0
  • Lavoisier he made an important series of experiments on specific heat (1782-1784), in the course of which the "ice calorimeter" was invented; and they contributed jointly to the Memoirs of the Academy (1781) a paper on the development of electricity by evaporation.

    0
    0
  • Laplace's treatise on specific heat was published in German in 1892 as No.

    0
    0
  • It is unnecessary to follow in this article all these subjects, since they are for the most part treated under separate headings, not indeed under these names - which are too comprehensive for that purpose - but under those of the more specific questions which arise under each.

    0
    0
  • Linnaeus adopted Ray's conception of species, but he made species a practical reality by insisting that every species shall have a double Latin name - the first half to be the name of the genus common to several species, and the second half to be the specific name.

    0
    0
  • The analysis of the specific variations of organic form so as to determine what is really the nature and limitation of a single " character " or " individual variation," and whether two such true and strictly defined single variations of a single structural unit can actually " blend " when one is transmitted by the male parent and the other by the female parent, are matters which have yet to be determined.

    0
    0
  • In the course of several generations, Lamarck argued, a structural alteration amounting to such difference as we call " specific " might be thus acquired.

    0
    0
  • Its specific gravity has the high value 18.7; its specific heat is 0.02765, which, according to Dulong and Petit's law, corresponds to U = 240: It melts at bright redness.

    0
    0
  • In physical chemistry he carried out many researches on the nature and process of solution, investigating in particular the thermal effects produced by the dilution of saline solutions, the variation of the specific heat of saline solutions with temperature and concentration, and the phenomena of liquid diffusion.

    0
    0
  • The asphodel was also supposed to be a remedy for poisonous snake-bites and a specific against sorcery; it was fatal to mice, but preserved pigs from disease.

    0
    0
  • Of the impurities of the ore the wolframite (tungstate of iron and manganese) is the most troublesome, because on account of its high specific gravity it cannot be washed away as gangue.

    0
    0
  • The specific gravity of cast tin is 7.29, of rolled tin 7.299, and of electrically deposited tin 7.143 to 7.178.

    0
    0
  • Its coefficient of linear expansion between 0° and 100° is 0.002717; its specific heat 0.0562; its thermal and electrical conductivities are 145 to 152 and '14.5 to 140.

    0
    0
  • It is a colourless fuming liquid of specific gravity 2.269 at o°; it freezes at - 33° C., and boils at I13.9°.

    0
    0
  • Tubercular pneumonia may thus be looked upon as comparable to pneumonia excited by any other specific agent.

    0
    0
  • The term hypertrophy is used when the individual tissue elements become bigger to meet the demands of greater functional activity; hyperplasia, if there is an increase in the number of these elements; and pseudo-hypertrophy, when the specific tissue element is largely replaced by another tissue.

    0
    0
  • These represent the albuminoid series, and are probably elaborated by the cells from albuminous substances through the influence of specific ferments.

    0
    0
  • Dropsical liquids are usually pale yellow or greenish, limpid, with a saltish taste and alkaline reaction, and a specific gravity ranging from 1005 to 1024.

    0
    0
  • These remedies were arcana - a word corresponding partly to what we now call specific remedies, but implying a mysterious connexion between the remedy and the "essence" of the disease.

    0
    0
  • He introduced a milder and better way of treating fevers - especially small-pox, and gave strong support to the use of specific medicines - especially Peruvian bark.

    0
    0
  • Another important point in Sydenham's doctrine is his clear recognition of many diseases as being what would be now called specific, and not due merely to an alteration in the primary qualities or humours of the older schools.

    0
    0
  • From this springs his high appreciation of specific medicines.

    0
    0
  • Some of the most successful of the advances of medicine as a healing art have followed the detection of syphilitic disease of the vessels, or of the supporting tissues of nervous centres and of the peripheral nerves; so that, by specific medication, the treatment of paralytic, convulsive, and other terrible manifestations of nervous disease thus secondarily induced is now undertaken in early stages with definite prospect of cure.

    0
    0
  • Lardaceous disease, however, here and in other regions, now appears to be due to the specific toxins of pyogenetic micro-organisms. In stone of the kidney a great advance has been made in treatment by operative means, and the formation of these stones seems to recent observers to depend less upon constitutional bent (gout) than upon unhealthy local conditions of the passages, which in their turn again may be due to the action of microorganisms.

    0
    0
  • Recognizing that slavery was a state institution, with which the Federal government had no authority to interfere, he contended that slavery could only exist by a specific state enactment, that therefore slavery in the District of Columbia and in the Territories was unlawful and should be abolished, that the coastwise slave-trade in vessels flying the national flag, like the international slave-trade, should be rigidly suppressed, and that Congress had no power to pass any act which in any way could be construed as a recognition of slavery as a national institution.

    0
    0
  • The range of the specific gravity of glasses from 2.5 to 5.0 illustrates the effect of modified compositions.

    0
    0
  • The specific effect of boric acid in this respect was correctly ascertained by Stokes and Harcourt, but they mistook the effect of titanic acid.

    0
    0
  • The product is a crystalline solid of specific gravity 2.34, and melts at about 1430° C. See also German Patent 108817 for the production of crystallized silicon from silica and carborundum.

    0
    0
  • The specific gravity of the amorphous form is 2.35 (Vigouroux), that of the crystalline variety varying, according to the method of preparation, from 2.004 to 2.493.

    0
    0
  • The specific heat varies with the temperature, from 0.136 at -39° C. to 0.2029 at 232° C. Silicon distils readily at the temperature of the electric furnace.

    0
    0
  • Diethylcarbonate, CO(OC2H5)2, is a colourless liquid, which boils at 225.8° C.; its specific gravity is 0.978 (20°) [H.

    0
    0
  • It is an etherealsmelling liquid, which boils at 158-159° C., and has a specific gravity of 0.925.

    0
    0
  • It boils at 93.1° C., and has a specific gravity of 1.144 (15° C.).

    0
    0
  • substances having high specific gravity, malleability, opacity, and especially a peculiar lustre, the term "metal" became generic for all substances with these properties.

    0
    0
  • In former times a high specific gravity used to be quoted as one of the characters of the genus; but this no longer holds, since we now know a series of metals lighter than water.

    0
    0
  • Thus, for instance, chemically pure iron in the ingot has the specific gravity 7.844; when it is rolled out into thin sheet, the value falls to 7.6; when drawn into thin wire, to 7.75.

    0
    0
  • The following table gives the specific gravities of many metals.

    0
    0
  • Thermal Properties.-The specific heats of most metals have been determined.

    0
    0
  • atomic weight by specific heat = 6.4.

    0
    0
  • Its specific gravity is o 899 at o° C. It is very slightly soluble in water, more soluble in alcohol, and completely miscible with ether, acetic acid and carbon disulphide.

    0
    0
  • It is used to determine the density of a body experimentally; for if W is the weight of a body weighed in a balance in air (strictly in vacuo), and if W' is the weight required to balance when the body is suspended in water, then the upward thrust of the liquid (I) (2) "F r an Minim ' 'i n or weight of liquid displaced is W-W, so that the specific gravity (S.G.), defined as the ratio of the weight of a body to the weight of an equal volume of water, is W/(W-W').

    0
    0
  • = loge(P2891) =2.3 logio(p2/p1) (io) In the convective equilibrium of the atmosphere, the air is supposed to change in density and pressure without exchange of heat by conduction; and then PIN = (e/e0) n+1, d5 -(n-{--I) P -(n+I)R ' y - where is the ratio of the specific heat at constant pressure and constant volume.

    0
    0
  • (or napoh) are the Malay names of the species with those specific titles.

    0
    0
  • The Roman Catholic Church also recognizes a class of beneficed chaplains, supported out of "pious foundations" for the specific duty of saying, or arranging for, certain masses, or taking part in certain services.

    0
    0
  • Since the specific gravity of hot liquor is less than that of cold liquor, and since the specific gravity of the scum and particles of.

    0
    0
  • Briefly, sugar-refining consists of melting raw or unrefined sugar with water into a syrup of 27° to 28° Beaume, or 1230 specific gravity, passing it through filtering cloth to remove the sand and other matters in mechanical suspension, and then through animal charcoal to remove all traces of colouring matter and lime, thus producing a perfectly clear white syrup, which, cooked in the vacuum pan and crystallized, becomes the refined sugar of commerce.

    0
    0
  • The pans are provided with steam worms to keep the mass hot as required, and with mechanical stirrers to keep it in movement and thoroughly mixed with the water and sweet water which are added to the sugar to obtain a solution of the specific gravity desired.

    0
    0
  • It is a clear, strongly refractive liquid, which has a pleasant odour; it boils at 144° and has a specific gravity of o 925 at o°.

    0
    0
  • The hardness is 2, and the specific gravity 2 I.

    0
    0
  • 18, Bureau of Plant Industry, U.S. Department of Agriculture), who attributes it not to any specific parasite but to a disturbance of the normal physiological activity of the cells.

    0
    0
  • The specific effects of different impurities on the physical properties of zinc have only been imperfectly studied.

    0
    0
  • The specific gravity of zinc cannot be expected to be perfectly constant; according to Karsten, that of pure ingot is 6.915, and rises to 7.191 after rolling.

    0
    0
  • The specific heat is 0.09555 (Regnault).

    0
    0
  • To assign any specific date to the end of this formative age is of course impossible, but meaning by the end what has just been stated, we shall not be far wrong if we place it somewhere near the beginning of the 10th century.

    0
    0
  • We may say, however, that they fall into two classes, general and specific. The general included all that might come under the idea of loyalty, seeking the lord's interests, keeping his secrets, betraying the plans of his enemies, protecting his family, &c. The specific services are capable of more definite statement, and they usually received exact definition in custom and sometimes in written documents.

    0
    0
  • This would explain the absence of specific address, so that it appears as in form a "general epistle," as Origen styles it.

    0
    0
  • The product has a brilliant white fracture, a specific gravity of 4.87, very friable, but harder than quartz or steel.

    0
    0
  • The pure salt is dissolved in hot water and decomposed with ammonia to produce a slightly ammoniacal hydrated oxide; this, when ignited in platinum, leaves pure TiO 2 in the form of brownish lumps, the specific gravity of which varies from 3.9 to 4.25, according to the temperature at which it was kept in igniting.

    0
    0
  • What the tree is in regard to its specific qualities depends on what faculties we have for perceiving it.

    0
    0
  • From his committee he reported in April 1888 the "Mills Bill," which provided for a reduction of the duties on sugar, earthenware, glassware, plate glass, woollen goods and other articles, the substitution of ad valorem for specific duties in many cases, and the placing of lumber (of certain kinds), hemp, wool, flax, borax, tin plates, salt and other articles on the free list.

    0
    0
  • These are the specific forms of the Holy Spirit power, without whose indwelling the mandates cannot be kept (Sim.

    0
    0
  • The derivation of Yahweh from hawah is formally unimpeachable, and is adopted by many recent scholars, who proceed, however, from the primary sense of the root rather than from the specific meaning of the nouns.

    0
    0
  • As the God of Israel Yahweh becomes its leader and champion in war; he is a warrior, mighty in battle; but he is not a god of war in the specific sense.

    0
    0
  • It is a silver-white ductile metal (of specific gravity 2.54) which melts at 8000.

    0
    0
  • Much of his work was concerned with specific volumes, the conception of which he set forth in a paper published when he was only twenty-two years of age; and the principles he established have formed the basis of subsequent investigations in that subject, although his results have in some cases undergone modification.

    0
    0
  • In the course of his inquiries he also noticed that different bodies in equal masses require different amounts of heat to raise them to the same temperature, and so founded the doctrine of specific heats; he also showed that equal additions or abstractions of heat produced equal variations of bulk in the liquid of his thermometers.

    0
    0
  • Specific excretory organs absent, with the doubtful exception of the Phylactolaemata.

    0
    0
  • The periodical histolysis may be partly due to the absence of specific excretory organs and to the accumulation of pigmented excretory substances in the wall of the alimentary canal.

    0
    0
  • keitloa, but the characters of these appendages are too variable for specific distinctions.

    0
    0
  • He was a strong opponent of the reconstruction measures of President Johnson, for whose conviction he voted (on most of the specific charges) in the impeachment trial.

    0
    0
  • Throughout these two periods, which saw the decline and final dissolution of the alliance, there is very little specific evidence for its existence.

    0
    0
  • Founded with the specific object of thwarting the ambitious designs of Sparta, it was plunged by Athens into enterprises of an entirely different character which exhausted the resources of the allies without benefiting them in any respect.

    0
    0
  • Eau de vie (" elixir of life") was in use during the 13th and 14th centuries; Arnoldus Villanovanus applied it to the product of distilled wine, though not as a specific name.

    0
    0
  • Ordinary alcohol, which we shall frequently refer to by its specific name, ethyl alcohol, seldom occurs in the vegetable kingdom; the unripe seeds of Heracleum giganteum and H.

    0
    0
  • The quantity of alcohol present in an aqueous solution is determined by a comparison of its specific gravity with standard tables, or directly by the use of an alcoholometer, which is a hydrometer graduated so as to read per cents by weight (degrees according to Richter) or volume per cents (degrees according to Tralles).

    0
    0
  • In the United Kingdom "proof spirit" is defined as having a specific gravity at 51° of 12/13 (.

    0
    0
  • It was first enacted in 1855 that methylated spirit, a specific mixture of pure alcohol and wood naphtha, should be duty-free; the present law is to be found in the Customs and Inland Revenue Act of 1890, and the Finance Act (sect.

    0
    0
  • Under the action of the same or identical electric forces the intensity of this state in various insulators is determined by a quality of them called their dielectric constant, specific inductive capacity or inductivity.

    0
    0
  • Cavendish and subsequently Faraday discovered this fact, and the latter gave the name " specific inductive capacity," or " dielectric constant," to that quality of an insulator which determines the charge taken by a conductor embedded in it when charged to a given potential.

    0
    0
  • He also showed that the difference of the specific heats at constant pressure and volume, S - s, must be the same for equal volumes of all gases at the same temperature and pressure, being represented by the expression R/TF'(t).

    0
    0
  • He remarks that ” the law according to which the motive power of heat varies at different points of the thermometric scale is intimately connected with that of the variations of the specific heats of gases at different temperatures - a law which experiment has not yet made known to us with sufficient exactness."

    0
    0
  • If he had ventured to assume the difference of the specific heats constant, it would have followed that F'(t) must vary inversely as T.

    0
    0
  • of temperature (o' - o") is small, the figure ABCD may be regarded as a parallelogram, and its area W as equal to the rectangle BE XEC. This is accurately true in the limit when (0' - 0") is infinitesimal, but in practice it is necessary to measure specific heats, &c., over finite ranges of temperature, and the error involved is generally negligible if the range does not exceed a few degrees.

    0
    0
  • 3, the heat absorbed in raising the temperature to 0' and the pressure to p without change of state may be written s' (o' - o"), where s' is the specific heat of the substance in the first state at saturation pressure.

    0
    0
  • The heat evolved in this process may be represented by s"(o' - o"), where s" is the specific heat of the substance in the second state at saturation pressure.

    0
    0
  • The same equations apply to the case of fusion of a solid, if L is the latest heat of fusion, and v', s', v", s" the specific volumes and specific heats of the solid and liquid respectively.

    0
    0
  • Ratio and Difference of Specific Heats.

    0
    0
  • 2, and cool it at constant volume to E, through an interval of temperature (o' - o"), the amount of heat abstracted may be written h = s (o' - 0"), where s is the specific heat at constant volume.

    0
    0
  • The whole quantity of heat required to raise the temperature from 0" to 0' at constant pressure along the path EC is H+h, which is equal to S(0' - o"), where S is the specific heat at constant pressure.

    0
    0
  • Since h = s (o' - 0"), the difference S - s between the specific heats at constant pressure and volume is evidently H/(o' - o").

    0
    0
  • (7) The value of the specific heat S at constant pressure can always be determined by experiment, and in practice is one of the most important thermodynamical properties of a substance.

    0
    0
  • The value of the specific heat s at constant volume can also be measured in a few cases, but it is generally necessary to deduce it from that at constant pressure, by means of relation (6).

    0
    0
  • along the adiabatic, which can be integrated, giving the equations to the adiabatics, provided that the values of the specific heats and expansion-coefficients are known.

    0
    0
  • which is useful for calculating the variation of the specific heat s with variation of density at constant temperature.

    0
    0
  • A similar expression for the variation of the specific heat S at constant pressure is obtained from the second expression in (8), by taking p and 0 as independent variables; but it follows more directly from a consideration of the variation of the function (E+pv).

    0
    0
  • (I I) This expression shows that the rate of variation of the total heat with temperature at constant pressure is equal to the specific heat at constant pressure.

    0
    0
  • The difference of the specific heats by equation (6) is constant and equal to R.

    0
    0
  • The isothermal elasticity - v(dp/dv) is equal to the pressure p. The adiabatic elasticity is equal to y p, where -y is the ratio S/s of the specific heats.

    0
    0
  • The specific heats are independent of the pressure or density by equations (to) and (12).

    0
    0
  • In thiscase the ratio of the specific heats is constant as well as the difference, and the adiabatic equation takes the simple form, pv v = constant, which is at once obtained by integrating the equation for the adiabatic elasticity, - v(dp/dv) =yp.

    0
    0
  • The specific heats may be any function of the temperature consistently with the characteristic equation provided that their difference is constant.

    0
    0
  • - William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), who wars the first to realize the importance of the absolute scale in thermodynamics, and the inadequacy of the test afforded by Boyle's law or by experiments on the constancy of the specific heat of gases, devised a more delicate and practical test, which he carried out successfully in conjunction with Joule.

    0
    0
  • ..) In order to deduce the complete variation of the specific heats from these equations, it is necessary to make some assumption with regard to the variation of the specific heats with temperature.

    0
    0
  • In the case of imperfect gases, all the available experimental evidence shows that the specific volume tends towards its ideal value, V =Re/p, in the limit, when the pressure is indefinitely reduced and the molecules are widely separated so as to eliminate the effects of their mutual actions.

    0
    0
  • We may therefore reasonably assume that the limiting values of the specific heats at zero pressure do not vary with the temperature, provided that the molecule is stable and there is no dissociation.

    0
    0
  • The expression for the change of intrinsic energy E between any given limits poOo to po is readily found by substituting these values of the specific heats in equations (II) or (13), and integrating between the given limits.

    0
    0
  • In the case of a solid or a liquid, the latent heat of isothermal expansion may often be neglected, and if the specific heat, s, be also taken as constant, we have simply 0-00 =s log e0/00.

    0
    0
  • In the case of an ideal gas, dp/d9 at constant volume =R/v, and dvld6 at constant pressure =R/p; thus we obtain the expressions for the change of entropy 0-4)0 from the state poeovo to the state pev, log e e/eo+R logev/vo =S log e 9/00-R (32) In the case of an imperfect gas or vapour, the above expressions are frequently employed, but a more accurate result may be obtained by employing equation (17) with the value of the specific heat, S, from (29), which gives the expression 4-¢o = Sologe0/00 - R logep/po-n(cp/B-copo/Bo)

    0
    0
  • If J', J" represent the values of the function for unit mass of the substance of specific volumes v' and v" in the two states at temperature 0 and pressure and if a mass m is in the state v', and 1-m in the.

    0
    0
  • The values of the corresponding functions for the liquid or solid cannot be accurately expressed, as the theoretical variation of the specific heat is unknown, but if we take the specific heat at constant pressure s to be approximately constant, and observe the small residual variation dh of the total heat, we may write F'=s'D+dh+B'.

    0
    0
  • The term (dh/0 - d4)) depending on the variation of the specific heat of the liquid may be made very small in the case of water by a proper choice of the constant s'.

    0
    0
  • S, Specific heat of gas at constant pressure.

    0
    0
  • s, Specific heat of gas at constant volume.

    0
    0
  • s', s", Specific heat under other conditions.

    0
    0
  • v, Specific volume of fluid, reciprocal of density.

    0
    0
  • The specific gravity of gold obtained by precipitation from solution by ferrous sulphate is from 19.55 to 20.72.

    0
    0
  • The specific gravity of cast gold varies from 18.29 to 19.37, and by compression between dies the specific gravity may be raised from 19.37 to 19.41; by annealing, however, the previous density is to some extent recovered, as it is then found to be 19.40.

    0
    0
  • Its specific heat is between 0.0298 (Dulong and Petit) and 0.03244 (Regnault).

    0
    0
  • According to Chenevix, the alloy composed of equal parts of the two metals is grey, is less ductile than its constituent metals and has the specific gravity i i.

    0
    0
  • The operation may be conducted in vessels of glass or platinum, and each pound of granulated metal is treated with a pound and a quarter of nitric acid of specific gravity 1.32.

    0
    0
  • When not tarnished, the mineral has a silver-white colour with a tinge of red, and the lustre is metallic. Hardness 2-21; specific gravity 9-70-9.83.

    0
    0
  • The slight variations in specific gravity are due to the presence of small amounts of arsenic, sulphur or tellurium, or to enclosed impurities.

    0
    0
  • 2 9, p. 2 94), its specific gravity is 9.7 81 43; Roberts and Wrightson give the specific gravity of solid bismuth as 9.82, and of molten bismuth as to 055.

    0
    0
  • Regnault determined its specific heat between o° and too° to be 0.0308; Kahlbaum, Roth and Siedler (loc. cit.) give the value 0.03055.

    0
    0
  • It is true that the cases are not very numerous where precisely the same event is described from opposite points of view, but, speaking in general terms rather than of specific incidents, we are already able to subject considerable portions of history to this test.

    0
    0
  • His view of constitutional history was that it should contain only so much of the political and general history of the time as bears directly on specific changes in the organization of the state, including therein judicial as well as ecclesiastical institutions.

    0
    0
  • densus, thick), in physics, the mass or quantity of matter contained in unit volume of any substance: this is the absolute density; the term relative density or specific gravity denotes the ratio of the mass of a certain volume of a substance to the mass of the same volume of some standard substance.

    0
    0
  • Since the weights used in conjunction with a balance are really standard masses, the word "weight" may be substituted for the word "mass" in the preceding definitions; and we may symbolically express the relations thus: - If M be the weight of substance occupying a volume V, then the absolute density O = M/V; and if m, m 1 be the weights of the substance and of the standard substance which occupy the same volume, the relative density or specific gravity S = m/m l; or more generally if m i be the weight of a volume v of the substance, and m l the weight of a volume v l of the standard, then S = mv l /m l v.

    0
    0
  • The specific gravity bottle may be used to determine the relative density of a solid which is available in small fragments, and is insoluble in the standard liquid.

    0
    0
  • The method involves three operations: - (1) weighing the solid in air (W), (2) weighing the specific gravity bottle full of liquid (W 1), (3) weighing the bottle containing the solid and filled up with liquid (W2).

    0
    0
  • Hence W/(W - W,) is the relative density or specific gravity of the body.

    0
    0
  • Some balances are provided with a "specific gravity pan," i.e.

    0
    0
  • Tellurium is a brittle silvery-white element of specific gravity 6.27.

    0
    0
  • An amor phous form is obtained when tellurium is precipitated from its solutions by sulphur dioxide, this variety having a specific gravity 6.015.

    0
    0
  • The obligations involved in the act of homage were more general than those associated with the oath of fealty, but they provided a strong moral sanction for more specific engagements.

    0
    0
  • Finally, the specific allusion in xiii.

    0
    0
  • Thus other hands apart from the compiler of Chronicles may have helped to shape the narratives, either before their union with that book or after their separation.2 The present intricacy is also due partly to specific historical theories regarding the post-exilic period.

    0
    0
  • It melts between 2250° and 2300°, its specific heat is 0.0365, coefficient of expansion o 0000079, and specific gravity 16.64.

    0
    0
  • According to the resolutions of the International Geographical Congress the larger individual forms which have been described by generic terms shall have specific names of a purely geographical character; but in the case of the minor forms the names of ships and persons are considered applicable.

    0
    0
  • Besides the determination of salinity by titration of the chlorides, the method of determination by the specific gravity of the sea-water is still often used.

    0
    0
  • In the laboratory the specific gravity is determined in a pyknometer by actual weighing, and on board ship by the use of an areometer or hydrometer.

    0
    0
  • Three types of areometer are in use: (I) the ordinary hydrometer of invariable weight with a direct reading scale, a set of from five to ten being necessary to cover the range of specific gravity from 1 000 to 1.031 so as to take account of sea-water of all possible salinities; (2) the " Challenger " type of areometer designed by J.

    0
    0
  • Buchanan, which has an arbitrary scale and can be varied in weight by placing small metal rings on the stem so as to depress the scale to any desired depth in sea-water of any salinity, the specific gravity being calculated for each reading by dividing the total weight by the immersed volume; (3) the total immersion areometer, which has no scale and the weight of which can be adjusted so that the instrument can be brought so exactly to the specific gravity of the water sample that it remains immersed, neither floating nor sinking; this has the advantage of 'eliminating the effects of surface tension and in Fridtjof Nansen's pattern is capable of great precision.

    0
    0
  • In all areometer work it is necessary to ascertain the temperature of the water sample under examination with great exactness, as the volume of the areometer as well as the specific gravity of the water varies with temperature.

    0
    0
  • Buchanan on the " Challenger " it has been usual for British investigators to calculate specific gravities for sea-water at 60° F.

    0
    0
  • Sorensen, carried out a careful investigation of the relation between the amount of chlorine, the total salinity and the specific gravity of sea-water of different strengths including an entirely new determination of the thermal expansion of sea-water.

    0
    0
  • The relations between the various conditions are set forth in the following equations where 0-o signifies the specific gravity of the sea-water in question at o° C., the standard at 4° being taken as 1000, S the salinity and Cl the chlorine, both expressed in parts by weight per mille.

    0
    0
  • The temperature of maximum density of sea-water of any specific gravity was found by Knudsen to be given with sufficient accuracy for all practical purposes by the formula 0 = 3.950.2660 -0, where 0 is the temperature of maximum density in degrees centigrade.

    0
    0
  • According to Thoulet and Chevallier the specific heat diminishes as salinity increases, so that for io per mille salinity it is o 968, for 35 per mille it is only o 932, that of pure water being taken as unity.

    0
    0
  • The compressibility is in itself very small, but so great in its effect on the density of deep water in situ that the specific gravity (0 0 /4°) at 2000 fathoms increases by o 017 and at 3000 fathoms by o 026.

    0
    0
  • In other words, water which has a specific gravity of 1 0280 at the surface would at the same temperature have a specific gravity of 1 0450 at 2000 and I 0540 at 3000 fathoms. If the whole mass of water in the ocean were relieved from pressure its volume would expand from 319 million cub.

    0
    0
  • On account of the high specific heat of sea-water the diurnal range of temperature at the surface is very small.

    0
    0
  • Buchan, " Specific Gravities and Oceanic Circulation," Trans.

    0
    0
  • As a rule, the density increases with the amount of carbon, but in some instances a very high specific gravity is due to intermixed earthy matters, which are always denser than even the densest form of coal substance.

    0
    0
  • The specific gravity is low when not brought up by an excessive amount of earthy matter.

    0
    0
  • It melts at 26° to 27° C. and has a specific gravity of 1.88 (15°C.).

    0
    0
  • If the volume of the gas is kept constant, we put dv=o in equation (18) and dQ = JC0NmdT, where C v is the specific Specific heat of the gas at constant volume and J is the mechanical equivalent of heat.

    0
    0
  • (20) By division of the values of C, and C„ we find for -y, the ratio of the specific heats.

    0
    0
  • If a solid body is regarded as an aggregation of similar atoms each of mass m, its specific heat C is given, as in formula (19) by C = i (n+3) R/Jm.

    0
    0
  • The hardness is 51-6, and the specific gravity 5.9-6.2.

    0
    0
  • In the culture areas the environment gave specific characters to the religion.

    0
    0
  • Pure methyl alcohol is a colourless mobile liquid, boiling at 66°-67°, and having a specific gravity of 0 8142 at o° C. It has a burning taste, and generally a spirituous odour, but when absolutely pure it is said to be odourless.

    0
    0
  • Methyl bromide is a liquid, specific gravity I 73, boiling point 13°; methyl iodide has a specific gravity of 2.19, and boils at 43°.

    0
    0
  • Its specific gravity is 21.3-22.48 (Deville and Debray) and its specific heat is 0.03113 (Regnault).

    0
    0
  • The crystals look like antimony, and are brittle, and so hard as to scratch glass and rubies; their specific gravity is 4.25.

    0
    0
  • As a result of the importance both of the formulae obtained by elementary methods and of those which have involved the previous use of analysis, there is a tendency to dissociate the former, like the latter, from the methods by which they have been obtained, and to regard mensuration as consisting of those mathematical formulae which are concerned with the measurement of geometrical magnitudes (including lengths), or, in a slightly wider sense, as being the art of applying these formulae to specific cases.

    0
    0
  • It is necessary, in applying formulae to specific cases, not only, on the one hand, to remember that the measurements are only approximate, but also, on the other hand, to give to any ratio such as 7r a value which is at least more accurate than the measurements.

    0
    0
  • Mensuration Of Specific Figures (Geometrical) 22.

    0
    0
  • As to the specific officers thus called into being, whether for supervision or relief (1 Cor.

    0
    0
  • This sacrifice of local autonomy was in a measure prepared for by an earlier centralizing movement proper to the churches themselves, whereby those in certain areas met in conference or " synod " to formulate a common policy on local problems. Such inter-church meetings cannot be traced back beyond the latter half of the 2nd century, and were purely ad hoc and informal, called to consider specific questions like Montanism and Easter observance.

    0
    0
  • These specific differences revealed different religious tendencies,' the one type being more warmly Evangelical, the other more " rational " and congenial in temper with 18th-century Deism.

    0
    0
  • In Scripture the function of the angel overshadows his personality; the stress is on their ministry; they appear in order to perform specific acts.

    0
    0
  • Indeed so severe a stress is laid upon the explicitly Christian life and its specific means, that orthodoxy itself interprets the rebirth by water and spirit, and the eating the flesh and drinking the blood to which entrance into the Kingdom and possession of interior life are here exclusively attached, as often represented by a simple sincere desire and will for spiritual purification and a keen hunger and thirst for God's aid, together with such cultual acts as such souls can know or find, even without any knowledge of the Christian rites.

    0
    0
  • Only some such position as Abbe Loisy's critical summing up (1903) brings out its specific greatness.

    0
    0
  • Comparing the velocities of sound U i and U2 in two different gases with densities and at the same temperature and pressure, and with ratios of specific heats 'yl, 72, theory gives Ui/U2 = 1/ {71 p 2/72 p i }.

    0
    0
  • Kundt's dust-tube may also be employed for the determination of the ratio of the specific heats of a gas or vapour.

    0
    0
  • If U is the velocity of sound in a gas at pressure P with density p, and if waves of length X and frequency N are propagated through it, then the distanc?e l between the dust-heaps is 2 = N - zN Vyp' where y is the ratio of the two specific heats.

    0
    0
  • His efforts are chiefly devoted to proving that the condemnation of the elder Oppianicus was just and in no way the result of the jury having been bribed by Cluentius; only a small portion of the end of the speech deals with the specific charge.

    0
    0
  • His official messages to Congress, probably more frequent, certainly much longer than those of any of his predecessors, were quite as often treatises on the moral principles of government as they were recommendations of specific legislative or administrative policies.

    0
    0
  • While he was criticized by the friends of Civil Service Reform for not going far enough during his presidency to protect the encroachments of those who desire to have the offices distributed as political rewards or for partisan ends, such specific acts as his transference to the classified service of all fourth-class postmasters east of the Mississippi and north of the Ohio rivers, his insistence upon a thorough investigation of the scandals in the Post Office department, and his order forbidding federal employes to use their offices for political purposes in the campaign of 1908 are typical of his vigorous support of the merit system.

    0
    0
  • He established the Federal Department of Commerce and Labor, the secretary of which has a seat in the cabinet, and in which there exists a bureau of corporations possessing the specific function of inspecting and supervising interstate corporations - an entirely new feature in American government.

    0
    0
  • The sum agreed on by way of penalty might be either specific or unliquidated, e.g.

    0
    0
  • They are after all personal expressions of Christianity, in which are discernible also specific types of local tradition.

    0
    0
  • While Apostolic phrases are used, the sense behind them is often different and less evangelic. They have not caught the Apostolic meaning, because they have not penetrated to the full religious experience which gave to the words, often words with long and varied history both in the Septuagint and in ordinary Greek usage, their specific meaning to each apostle and especially to Paul.

    0
    0
  • Its specific gravity is 1 54, and after remelting 1 56; after distillation it is 1.52.

    0
    0
  • Ammonia is a colourless gas possessing a characteristic pungent smell and a strongly alkaline reaction; it is lighter than air, its specific gravity being o�589 (air =1).

    0
    0
  • Ustun-tagh, which appears on Stieler's map as an alternative name for Altyn-tagh, means Higher or Farther Mountains, and though not used locally of any specific range, would be appropriately employed to designate the higher and more southerly of the twin border-ranges of the Tibetan plateau.

    0
    0
  • Fluorine is a pale greenish-yellow gas with a very sharp smell; its specific gravity is 1.265.

    0
    0
  • It possesses only slight influence over the heart and respiration, but it has a specific effect on mucous membranes as the elimination of the drug takes place largely through the lungs, where it aids in loosening bronchial secretions.

    0
    0
  • It is also an intestinal and hepatic stimulant and a feeble diuretic and diaphoretic, and has been considered a specific in some forms of neuralgia.

    0
    0
  • The specific gospel of Jesus, the gospel of divine fatherhood and human brotherhood, received no attention in the earliest days, so far as our sources enable us to judge.

    0
    0
  • The bases of priestly power under this system are the unity of the altar, its inaccessibility to laymen and to the inferior ministers of the sanctuary, and the specific atoning functions of the blood of priestly sacrifices.

    0
    0
  • "the most notable accomplishment of the young republic in the field of social-political reform has been the enactment of Dec. 19 1918 establishing an 8-hour day for industrial and agricultural workers (with some specific exceptions).

    0
    0
  • of the tissues, rather than the specific peculiarities or the part of the plant affected, that principally determines the nature of the gall.

    0
    0
  • The first important step was taken in 1881, when a new general tariff was established, in which specific duties replaced the ad valorem duties chiefly applied in the treaty tariffs of 1860-66.

    0
    0
  • The trend of the tariff policy of the Zollverein for some time after 1834 was towards protection; partly because the specific duties of 1818 became proportionately heavier as manufactured commodities fell in price, partly because some actual changes in rates were made in response to the demands of the Protectionist states.

    0
    0
  • But the pressure from the representatives of some of the states, notably Pennsylvania and Massachusetts, compelled him to incorporate in the Tariff Act certain specific duties borrowed from the Tariff Acts then in force in these states, which had a distinctly protective aim.

    0
    0
  • It substituted specific duties for the ad valorem duties of 1846 and 1857, and made some other changes of significance, as in the higher duties upon iron and steel.

    0
    0
  • With all the important work he accomplished in physics - the enunciation of Boyle's law, the discovery of the part taken by air in the propagation of sound, and investigations on the expansive force of freezing water, on specific gravities and refractive powers, on crystals, on electricity, on colour, on hydrostatics, &c. - chemistry was his peculiar and favourite study.

    0
    0
  • Among the difficulties here to be contended with are the destructive action of fused chlorides and of the reduced alkali metals upon most non-metallic substances available for the containing vessel and its partition, and also of the anode chlorine upon metals; also the low fusing-point (95° C. for sodium, and 62° C. for potassium) and the low specific gravity of the metals, so that the separated metal floats as a fused layer upon the top of the melted salt.

    0
    0
  • The specific gravity is 0.9735 at 13.5° (Baumhauer).

    0
    0
  • Several hydrates are known: 2NaOH 7H 2 O is obtained as large monoclinic crystals by' cooling a solution of specific gravity 1.365 to -8'; Pickering (Journ.

    0
    0
  • The specific gravity of milk ordinarily ranges from i 029 to 1.033, very seldom reaching 1 035 or falling so low as 1.027.

    0
    0
  • 8 and 9, in a curve showing the relation between p and D the gravimetric density, which is the specific gravity of the P lb of powder when filling the volume C, cub.

    0
    0
  • G.) of the powder filling a given volume in a state of gas, and the specific gravity of the separate solid grain or cord of powder.

    0
    0
  • =0.504, the upper figure 55.01 denoting the specific volume of the charge measured in cubic inches per lb, filling the chamber in a state of gas, the product of the two numbers 55.01 and 0.504 being 2 7.73; and the chamber capacity C =1 3' 2 5 X 55.01 =730 cub.

    0
    0
  • The specific gravity is 2.2, that of diamond is 3.5.

    0
    0
  • The specific heat of carbon varies with the temperature, the following values having been obtained by H.

    0
    0
  • It is a colourless, odourless gas of specific gravity 0.967 (air = I).

    0
    0
  • Its specific gravity is 1.529 (air = I).

    0
    0
  • - Method of mountsolution should have a specific ing Weston Normal Cell.

    0
    0
  • For the sulphate of copper solution, take 16.5 parts by weight of pure crystals of copper sulphate (CuSO 4 50H 2) and dissolve in 83.5 parts by weight of water; the resulting solution should have a specific gravity of 1.

    0
    0
  • Its specific gravity is o 865; hence it is the lightest metal known except lithium.

    0
    0
  • The latter begin to oxidize before the ley has come up to the traditional strength of specific gravity 1.333 when cold, while nickel is not attacked so long as the percentage of real KHO is short of 60.

    0
    0
  • Solid caustic potash forms an opaque, white, stone-like mass of dense granular fracture; specific gravity 2'1.

    0
    0
  • The salt crystallizes in cubes of specific gravity 1.995; it melts at about 800° and volatilizes at a bright red heat.

    0
    0
  • Apart from this general meaning of the word, the chief transferred use is that for a piece of wood used for various specific purposes, as a framework, bar, &c., such as the tree of a saddle, axle-tree, cross-tree, &c.

    0
    0
  • And so too with the following great prophets; the important thing in their work was not their moral earnestness and not their specific predictions of future events, but the clearness of spiritual insight with which they read the spiritual significance of the signs of the time and interpreted the movements of history as proofs of Yahweh's actual moral sovereignty exercised over Israel.

    0
    0
  • On the other hand the cult of a specific storm-god in ancient Babylonia is vouched for by the occurrence of the sign Im - the "Sumerian" or ideographic writing for Adad-Ramman - as an element in proper names of the old Babylonian period.

    0
    0
  • The earliest noteworthy organization, formed for the specific purpose of circulating the Scriptures, was the Canstein Bible Institute (Bibelanstalt), founded in 1710 at Halle in Saxony, by Karl Hildebrand, baron von Canstein (1667-1719), who was associated with P. J.

    0
    0
  • In the measurement of the cubic inch it has been found that 2 the specific mass of the cubic inch of distilled water freed from air, and weighed in air against brass weights (= 8.13), at the temperature of 62° F., and under an atmospheric pressure equal to 30 in.

    0
    0
  • For the specific mass of the cubic decimetre of water at 4° C., under an atmospheric pressure equal to 760 mm., Guillaume and Chappuis of the Comite International des Poids et Mesures at Paris (C.I.P.M.) have obtained 0.9999707 kg., which has been accepted by the committee.

    0
    0
  • in height; the specific gravity of mercury being now taken as 13.5950, after Volkmann and Marek, and at the normal intensity followed under this pressure.

    0
    0
  • -- It is needful to observe that most names of measures are generic and not specific, and cover a great variety of units.

    0
    0
  • Specific gravity bottles are also adjusted at 60° F., the figures indicating specific gravities being quotients obtained by dividing in each instance the weight of the solid or liquid by the weight of an equal bulk of water, both taken at 60 F.

    0
    0
  • He personally sought to demonstrate such origin, first, in the existence of a specific internal growth force, which he termed bathmic force, and second in the direct inheritance of acquired mechanical modifications of, the teeth and feet.

    0
    0
  • 9) in a lower horizon a cusp is adumbrated in shadowy form, in a slightly higher horizon it is visible, in a still higher horizon it is full-grown; and we honour this final stage by assigning to the animal which bears it a new specific name.

    0
    0
  • There is some confusion in the specific names of these agaves; the " pulque "-producing plant is usually described as the Agave americana, though A.

    0
    0
  • An important character, and one by which the mineral may always be recognized, is the perfect cubical cleavage, on which the lustre is brilliant and metallic. The colour of the mineral and of its streak is lead-grey; it is opaque; the hardness is 2 2 and the specific gravity 7.5.

    0
    0
  • Its specific gravity varies from I 054 to I 057.

    0
    0
  • Moreover, it is very probable that conjugation occurs soon after the arrival of the parasites in their specific invertebrate host; and this act may perhaps give rise to an aflagellar copula, which is gregariniform and comparable to an ookinete.

    0
    0
  • Its specific gravity is 4.94 8 (1 7°14°).

    0
    0
  • The specific heat of solid iodine is o 0541 (H.

    0
    0
  • The specific heat of iodine vapour at constant pressure is o-03489, and at constant volume o 02697.

    0
    0
  • It boils at 118°, giving a vapour of abnormal specific gravity.

    0
    0
  • In 1815 he published anonymously in the Annals of Philosophy a paper "On the relation between the specific gravities of bodies in their gaseous state and the weights of their atoms," in which he calculated that the atomic weights of a number of the elements are multiples of that of hydrogen; and in a second paper published in the same periodical the following year he suggested that the rrpcbrn iiXrl of the ancients is realized in hydrogen, from which the other elements are formed by some process of condensation or grouping.

    0
    0
  • Formic acid is a colourless, sharp-smelling liquid, which crystallizes at 0° C., melts at 8.6° C. and boils at 100.8° C. Its specific gravity is 1.22 (20°/4°).

    0
    0
  • Closely associated with the effect of continental immobility are the effects dependent on the low specific heat and the opacity of the lands, in contrast with the high specific heat and partial transparence of the ocean waters.

    0
    0
  • In many states officials may be removed, not only by impeachment, but also sometimes by vote of the legislature, sometimes by the governor on the address of both houses, or by the governor either alone or with the concurrence of the senate; but such removals must be made for specific misconduct.

    0
    0
  • All other cases are left to the state courts, from which there is no appeal to the Federal courts, unless where some specific point arises which is affected by the Federal Constitution or a Federal law.

    0
    0
  • This was ultimately assented to by the secretary of state, James Gillespie Blaine, on the understanding that certain specific points, which he indicated, should be laid before the arbitrators.

    0
    0
  • The well of Kildinguie was once resorted to as a specific for leprosy.

    0
    0
  • It is doubtful whether the origin of the god can be traced to any specific form of fire.

    0
    0
  • The oil has been chemically analysed and found to be a fish-oil, and to possess nearly all the qualities of that obtained from the liver of the cod, with a lighter specific gravity.

    0
    0
  • 11 5, p. 329) the author refers to a glass instrument exhibited by himself many years before, and "consisting of a bubble furnished with a long and slender stem, which was to be put into several liquors, to compare and estimate their specific gravities."

    0
    0
  • represents "a small glass instrument for estimating the specific gravities of liquors," an account of which was promised by Boyle in the following number of the Phil.

    0
    0
  • emerges to B), when a brass weight such as C has been screwed on to the bottom at There are a great many such weights, of different sizes, and marked to be screwed on instead of C, for liquors that differ more than nth from proof, so as to serve for the specific gravities in all such proportions as relate to the mixture of spirituous liquors, in all the variety made use of in trade.

    0
    0
  • There are also other balls for showing the specific gravities quite to common water, which make the instrument perfect in its kind."

    0
    0
  • Desaguliers himself constructed a hydrometer of the ordinary type for comparing the specific gravities of different kinds of water (Desaguliers's Experimental Philosophy, ii.

    0
    0
  • In comparing the densities of different liquids, it is clear that this instrument is precisely equivalent to that of Fahrenheit, and must be employed in the same manner, weights being placed in the top scale only until the hydrometer sinks to the mark on the wire, when the specific gravity of the liquid will be proportional to the