How to use Spasticity in a sentence

spasticity
  • For example, spasticity can be aggravated by sensory stimulation from a pressure sore or a distended bladder or rectum.

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  • Common features include dystonia (an abnormality in muscle tone ), muscular rigidity, and sudden involuntary muscle spasms (spasticity ).

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  • Spasticity can also make it difficult to deal with urinary or bowel problems including inserting catheters or giving enemas.

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  • The abnormal postures that occur with spasticity can include excessive flexion or extension of the limbs.

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  • Baclofen is a skeletal muscle relaxant used for the relief of chronic muscle relaxant used for the relief of chronic muscle spasm or spasticity.

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  • Baclofen is a skeletal muscle relaxant used for the relief of chronic muscle spasm or spasticity.

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  • Several clinical trials have supported these claims, indicating that oral THC or inhalation of cannabis smoke can relieve muscle pain and spasticity.

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  • These include muscle relaxants for muscle spasms and stiffness (spasticity).

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  • Spasticity is an abnormal increase in muscle tone.

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  • Although it most commonly affects the legs and arms, spasticity can affect any part of the body including the trunk, neck, eyelids, face, or vocal cords.

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  • Spasticity may not be present all the time and varies based on initial muscle tone; length of responding muscle groups; and the person's position, posture, and state of relaxation.

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  • Spasticity may increase with anxiety, emotions, pain, or sensory stimulation.

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  • Spasticity may be aggravated by temperature extremes, humidity, skin problems such as a pressure ulcer or ingrown toenail, bladder or bowel problems, infections, and sometimes tight clothing.

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  • The severity of spasticity ranges from slight muscle stiffness to spasms that come and go, to permanent contracture.

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  • Severe spasticity can interfere with a child's normal functioning, motor and speech development, and/or comfort.

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  • Spasticity can be painful, especially if joints are pulled into abnormal positions or if range of motion is limited.

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  • When spasticity limits activity for long periods, it can cause additional medical problems such as sleep disturbances, pressure sores, and pneumonia.

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  • The exact incidence of spasticity is not known.

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  • Estimates report spasticity may affect over 500,000 Americans and over 12 million people world-wide.

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  • Spasticity occurs when certain nerve signals do not reach the muscles because of injury or disease that affects parts of the brain or spinal cord.

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  • With spasticity, muscles receive improper nerve signals, causing them to contract, while the brain is unable to communicate with the motor nerves to stop the muscles from contracting.

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  • Common neurological conditions associated with spasticity include cerebral palsy, brain injury or trauma, severe head injury, stroke, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, and some metabolic diseases.

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  • Spasticity is characterized by increased muscle tone (hypertonicity) and by muscle stiffness.

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  • A diagnosis of spasticity is often made with the diagnosis of cerebral palsy or following a brain or spinal cord injury.

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  • A multi-disciplinary team may be consulted to provide an accurate diagnosis of spasticity so the proper treatment can be planned.

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  • The medical history helps the physician evaluate the presence of other conditions or disorders that might contribute to or cause the spasticity.

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  • Is the spasticity preventing function or independence?

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  • In the electromyogram, a very thin, sterilized needle is inserted into various muscles, usually those affected most by spasticity symptoms.

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  • There is no cure for spasticity, but it can be managed with the appropriate treatment.

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  • For example, some people with multiple sclerosis who experience significant leg weakness find that spasticity makes their legs more rigid, helping them to stand, transfer to a chair or bed, or walk.

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  • Prolonged stretching can lengthen muscles to help decrease spasticity.

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  • Strengthening exercises can restore the proper strength to muscles affected by spasticity.

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  • Electrical stimulation may be used to reduce spasticity for a short period of time or to stimulate a weak muscle to counteract the action of a stronger, spastic muscle.

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  • The patient may be able to use biofeedback to learn how to consciously reduce muscle tension and possibly reduce spasticity.

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  • However, little research had been conducted as of 2004 to determine the effectiveness of biofeedback on reducing spasticity.

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  • Medications to treat spasticity are taken by mouth, injected, or received through continuous delivery systems.

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  • If treatment with a single medicine fails to effectively treat spasticity, a different medicine may be tried or an additional medicine may be prescribed.

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  • Baclofen is a muscle relaxant that works on nerves in the spinal cord to reduce spasticity.

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  • Benzodiazepines, such as diazepam (Valium), clonazepam (Klonopin, Rivotril), and lorazepam (Ativan) reduce spasticity by acting on the central nervous system.

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  • Tizanidine (Zanaflex) reduces spasticity by acting on the central nervous system.

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  • However, the amount of botulinum toxin injected to treat spasticity is so small that it would not cause botulism poisoning.

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  • Botulinum-toxin injections can be used in combination with oral medications or intrathecal baclofen to treat spasticity.

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  • Alcohol and phenol are injected in combination but are less commonly used to treat spasticity.

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  • This treatment may be used to treat spasticity in larger muscle groups closer to the trunk, such as the thigh muscles.

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  • If the system does not appear to be effective in treating spasticity, it can be turned off and eventually removed.

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  • Surgery is only recommended when all other treatments have been tried and have not effectively controlled the child's spasticity symptoms.

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  • Surgical options for chronic spasticity include selective dorsal rhizotomy and tendon release surgery.

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  • By cutting the sensory nerve rootlets that cause the spasticity, muscle stiffness is decreased while other functions are maintained.

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  • Potential benefits of this surgical procedure include pain relief, reduced spasticity to improve walking or aid sitting in a wheelchair, increased ability to bend at the waist, and improved use of the hands.

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  • Orthopedic surgery for spasticity may be performed to correct a contracture.

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  • A well-balanced and carefully planned diet will help maintain general good health for people with spasticity.

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  • Children with spasticity may have different energy needs, depending on their condition.

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  • Techniques that reduce stress, such as yoga, Tai Chi, meditation, deep breathing exercises, guided imagery, and relaxation training, may be helpful to induce relaxation and manage spasticity.

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  • There is no cure for spasticity, and it cannot be prevented.

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  • The long-term outlook for those with spasticity depends on the severity of the spasticity and the associated disorder.

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  • Spasticity means having an increased stretch reflex.

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  • Spasticity in the thighs causes them to turn in and cross at the knees, resulting in an unusual method of walking known as scissors gait.

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  • Any of the joints in the limbs may be stiff (immobilized) due to spasticity of the attached muscles.

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  • Athetosis and dyskinesia often occur with spasticity but do not often occur alone.

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  • Spasticity, muscle weakness, coordination, ataxia, and scoliosis are all significant impairments that affect the posture and mobility of children and adults with CP.

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  • Dorsal rhizotomy-A surgical procedure that cuts nerve roots to reduce spasticity in affected muscles.

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  • Drugs may be used to treat some symptoms of brain defects, including seizures and spasticity or muscle rigidity.

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  • Spinal cord or brain injury can damage this control system and cause involuntary simultaneous contraction and spasticity, an increase in resistance to movement during motion.

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  • Baclofen (Lioresal) is a muscle relaxant that works on nerves in the spinal cord to reduce spasticity.

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  • Botulinum-toxin type A (Botox, Dysport) or type B (Myobloc) is injected locally into the affected muscle group to relax the muscles in dystonia or spasticity.

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  • However, the amount of botulinum-toxin injected to treat spasticity is such a small amount that it would not cause botulism poisoning.

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