How to use Spasticity in a sentence
For example, spasticity can be aggravated by sensory stimulation from a pressure sore or a distended bladder or rectum.
Common features include dystonia (an abnormality in muscle tone ), muscular rigidity, and sudden involuntary muscle spasms (spasticity ).
Spasticity can also make it difficult to deal with urinary or bowel problems including inserting catheters or giving enemas.
The abnormal postures that occur with spasticity can include excessive flexion or extension of the limbs.
Baclofen is a skeletal muscle relaxant used for the relief of chronic muscle relaxant used for the relief of chronic muscle spasm or spasticity.Advertisement
Baclofen is a skeletal muscle relaxant used for the relief of chronic muscle spasm or spasticity.
Several clinical trials have supported these claims, indicating that oral THC or inhalation of cannabis smoke can relieve muscle pain and spasticity.
These include muscle relaxants for muscle spasms and stiffness (spasticity).
Spasticity is an abnormal increase in muscle tone.
Although it most commonly affects the legs and arms, spasticity can affect any part of the body including the trunk, neck, eyelids, face, or vocal cords.Advertisement
Spasticity may not be present all the time and varies based on initial muscle tone; length of responding muscle groups; and the person's position, posture, and state of relaxation.
Spasticity may increase with anxiety, emotions, pain, or sensory stimulation.
Spasticity may be aggravated by temperature extremes, humidity, skin problems such as a pressure ulcer or ingrown toenail, bladder or bowel problems, infections, and sometimes tight clothing.
The severity of spasticity ranges from slight muscle stiffness to spasms that come and go, to permanent contracture.
Severe spasticity can interfere with a child's normal functioning, motor and speech development, and/or comfort.Advertisement
Spasticity can be painful, especially if joints are pulled into abnormal positions or if range of motion is limited.
When spasticity limits activity for long periods, it can cause additional medical problems such as sleep disturbances, pressure sores, and pneumonia.
The exact incidence of spasticity is not known.
Estimates report spasticity may affect over 500,000 Americans and over 12 million people world-wide.
Spasticity occurs when certain nerve signals do not reach the muscles because of injury or disease that affects parts of the brain or spinal cord.Advertisement
With spasticity, muscles receive improper nerve signals, causing them to contract, while the brain is unable to communicate with the motor nerves to stop the muscles from contracting.
Common neurological conditions associated with spasticity include cerebral palsy, brain injury or trauma, severe head injury, stroke, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, and some metabolic diseases.
Spasticity is characterized by increased muscle tone (hypertonicity) and by muscle stiffness.
A diagnosis of spasticity is often made with the diagnosis of cerebral palsy or following a brain or spinal cord injury.
A multi-disciplinary team may be consulted to provide an accurate diagnosis of spasticity so the proper treatment can be planned.Advertisement
The medical history helps the physician evaluate the presence of other conditions or disorders that might contribute to or cause the spasticity.
Is the spasticity preventing function or independence?
In the electromyogram, a very thin, sterilized needle is inserted into various muscles, usually those affected most by spasticity symptoms.
There is no cure for spasticity, but it can be managed with the appropriate treatment.
For example, some people with multiple sclerosis who experience significant leg weakness find that spasticity makes their legs more rigid, helping them to stand, transfer to a chair or bed, or walk.Advertisement
Prolonged stretching can lengthen muscles to help decrease spasticity.
Strengthening exercises can restore the proper strength to muscles affected by spasticity.
Electrical stimulation may be used to reduce spasticity for a short period of time or to stimulate a weak muscle to counteract the action of a stronger, spastic muscle.
The patient may be able to use biofeedback to learn how to consciously reduce muscle tension and possibly reduce spasticity.
However, little research had been conducted as of 2004 to determine the effectiveness of biofeedback on reducing spasticity.Advertisement
Medications to treat spasticity are taken by mouth, injected, or received through continuous delivery systems.
If treatment with a single medicine fails to effectively treat spasticity, a different medicine may be tried or an additional medicine may be prescribed.
Baclofen is a muscle relaxant that works on nerves in the spinal cord to reduce spasticity.
Benzodiazepines, such as diazepam (Valium), clonazepam (Klonopin, Rivotril), and lorazepam (Ativan) reduce spasticity by acting on the central nervous system.
Tizanidine (Zanaflex) reduces spasticity by acting on the central nervous system.Advertisement
However, the amount of botulinum toxin injected to treat spasticity is so small that it would not cause botulism poisoning.
Botulinum-toxin injections can be used in combination with oral medications or intrathecal baclofen to treat spasticity.
Alcohol and phenol are injected in combination but are less commonly used to treat spasticity.
This treatment may be used to treat spasticity in larger muscle groups closer to the trunk, such as the thigh muscles.
If the system does not appear to be effective in treating spasticity, it can be turned off and eventually removed.Advertisement
Surgery is only recommended when all other treatments have been tried and have not effectively controlled the child's spasticity symptoms.
Surgical options for chronic spasticity include selective dorsal rhizotomy and tendon release surgery.
By cutting the sensory nerve rootlets that cause the spasticity, muscle stiffness is decreased while other functions are maintained.
Potential benefits of this surgical procedure include pain relief, reduced spasticity to improve walking or aid sitting in a wheelchair, increased ability to bend at the waist, and improved use of the hands.
Orthopedic surgery for spasticity may be performed to correct a contracture.Advertisement
A well-balanced and carefully planned diet will help maintain general good health for people with spasticity.
Children with spasticity may have different energy needs, depending on their condition.
Techniques that reduce stress, such as yoga, Tai Chi, meditation, deep breathing exercises, guided imagery, and relaxation training, may be helpful to induce relaxation and manage spasticity.
There is no cure for spasticity, and it cannot be prevented.
The long-term outlook for those with spasticity depends on the severity of the spasticity and the associated disorder.
Spasticity means having an increased stretch reflex.
Spasticity in the thighs causes them to turn in and cross at the knees, resulting in an unusual method of walking known as scissors gait.
Any of the joints in the limbs may be stiff (immobilized) due to spasticity of the attached muscles.
Athetosis and dyskinesia often occur with spasticity but do not often occur alone.
Spasticity, muscle weakness, coordination, ataxia, and scoliosis are all significant impairments that affect the posture and mobility of children and adults with CP.
Dorsal rhizotomy-A surgical procedure that cuts nerve roots to reduce spasticity in affected muscles.
Drugs may be used to treat some symptoms of brain defects, including seizures and spasticity or muscle rigidity.
Spinal cord or brain injury can damage this control system and cause involuntary simultaneous contraction and spasticity, an increase in resistance to movement during motion.
Baclofen (Lioresal) is a muscle relaxant that works on nerves in the spinal cord to reduce spasticity.
Botulinum-toxin type A (Botox, Dysport) or type B (Myobloc) is injected locally into the affected muscle group to relax the muscles in dystonia or spasticity.
However, the amount of botulinum-toxin injected to treat spasticity is such a small amount that it would not cause botulism poisoning.