The North Bridge, a fine iron structure, spans the valley, giving connexion between the opposite higher parts of the town.
A fine railway bridge (1888) spans the Ohio.
A steel bridge spans the river.
It had spans of 172 and 1 93 ft., and may be taken as a representative FIG.
an hour is likely to reach 40 to 50% for girder spans of less than 50 ft.
On the first English railways cast iron girder bridges for spans of to 66 ft.
But the mere paying out of sufficient slack is not a guarantee that the cable will always lie closely along the bottom or be free from spans.
The advantage claimed for roofs formed with one or two large spans is that they permit the platforms and tracks to be readily rearranged at any time as required, whereas this is difficult with the other type, especially since the British Board of Trade requires the pillars to be not less than 6 ft.
away from the edges of the platforms. On the other hand, wide spans are more expensive both in first cost and in maintenance, and there is the possibility of a failure such as caused the collapse in December 1905 of the roof of Charing Cross (S.E.R.) station, London, which then consisted of a single span.
It is the junction between the Oudh & Rohilkhand and East Indian railways, the Ganges being crossed by a steel girder bridge of seven spans, each 350 ft.
The intervening ground upon which the railway lines and buildings stood was sold for building sites, the sum obtained being more than sufficient to cover the cost of the majestic central terminus (the third largest in the world), which, in addition to spacious and handsome halls for passenger accommodation, has three glass-covered spans of 180 ft.
"the bridge") owes its name to the magnificent Roman bridge which spans the Tagus on the north-west.
Long bridges of several spans are often termed " viaducts," and bridges carrying canals are termed " aqueducts," though this term is sometimes used for waterways which have no bridge structure.
It is only since metal has been used that the great spans of Soo to 1800 ft.
For moderate spans brick, masonry or concrete can be used without excessive cost, but for longer spans steel is more economical, and for very long spans its use is imperative.
In some recent masonry arched bridges of spans up to ' so f t.
In suspension bridges the principal members are in tension, and the introduction of iron link chains about the end of the 18th century, and later of wire ropes of still greater tenacity, permitted the construction of road bridges of this type with spans at that time impossible with any other system of construction.
Nevertheless, the stiffened suspension bridge will probably be the type adopted in future for very great spans.
In the simplest case the main girders are supported at the ends only, and if there are several spans they are discontinuous or independent.
But a main girder may be supported at two or more points so as to be continuous over two or more spans.
Hence many multiple-span bridges such as the Hawkesbury, Benares and Chittravatti bridges have been built with independent spans.
5) which now spans roadways, the streams which formerly flowed under it having been diverted, is one of the earliest known stone bridges in England.
The Amoskeag bridge over the Merrimac at Manchester, N.H., U.S.A., built in 1792, had 6 spans of 92 ft.
The Bellows Falls bridge over the Connecticut (built 1785-1792) had 2 spans of 184 ft.
As railway loads increased and greater spans were demanded, the Howe truss was stiffened by timber arches on each side of each girder.
in length, built in 1851-1852 in Io spans, lead timber trestle piers 190 ft.
Iron suspension bridges began to be used at the end of the 18th century for road bridges with spans unattainable at that time in any other system.
It is, therefore, a type specially suited for great spans.
The Brooklyn bridge, begun in 1872, has a centre span of 15952 and side spans of 930 ft.
These girders are supported by the cables over the centre span but not in the side spans.
Intermediate piers support the trusses in the side spans.
The clear width of the two shore spans is 270 ft.
Itl ' At first girders had soli or plate webs, but for spans o 9 over ioo ft.
16) has two spans of 460 and two of 230 ft.
Though each girder has been made continuous over the four spans it has not quite the proportions over the piers which a continuous girder should have, FIG.
The spans were in fact designed as independent girders, the advantage of continuity being at that time imperfectly known.
As no scaffolding could be used for the centre spans, the girders were built on shore, floated out and raised by hydraulic presses.
On the other hand a framed or braced web afforded opportunity for much better arrangement of material, and it very soon became apparent that open web or lattice or braced girders were more economical of material than solid web girders, except for small spans.
Now plate web girders are only used for spans of less than ioo ft.
It was a bridge for two lines of railway with lattice girders continuous over three spans.
The centre span was 264 ft., and the side spans 138 ft.
It has two spans of 455 ft.
and seventeen smaller spans, the roadway being ioo ft.
The side spans are erected first on staging and anchored to the piers.
and the side spans 490 ft.
The total weight of iron and steel in three spans was about 5000 tons.
- It has been stated that if in a girder bridge of three or more spans, the girders were made continuous there would be an important economy of material, but that the danger of settlement of the supports, which would seriously alter the points of contrary flexure or points where FIG.
It is available for spans greater than those practicable with independent girders; in fact, on this system the spans are virtually reduced to smaller spans so far as the stresses are concerned.
The two main spans are each 1710 ft.
Waddell has shown that, in some cases, it is convenient to erect simple independent spans, by building them out as cantilevers and converting them into independent - (5) The Poughkeepsie bridge over the Hudson, built 1886-1887.
There are five river and two shore spans.
The girders over the second and fourth spans are extended as cantilevers over the adjoining spans.
The girder spans are 525 ft., the cantilever spans 547 ft., and the shore spans 201 ft.
The bridge consists of three spans of about 315 ft.
The bridge has three spans, each formed of arches of cast steel.
and the side spans 502 ft.
'The centre span is a two-hinged parabolic braced rib arch, and there are side spans of 190 and 210 ft.
The main span weighed 1629 tons, the side spans 154 and 166 tons (Buck, Proc. Inst.
It is formed by a crescent-shaped arch, continued on one side by four, on the other side by two lattice girder spans, on iron piers.
The lattice girders of the side spans were first rolled into place, so as to project some distance beyond the piers, and then the arch ribs were built out, being partly supported by wire-rope cables from (3) Draw or Bascule Bridges.
At Konigsberg there is a road bridge of two fixed spans of 39 ft., and a central span of 60 ft.
Two spans are arranged for opening easily.
The Runcorn bridge crosses the Manchester Ship Canal and the Mersey in one span of woo ft., and four approach spans of 552 ft.
span, riveted braced girders for spans of 50 ft.
to 75 ft., and pinconnected girders for longer spans.
The Moerdyk bridge in Holland, with 14 spans of 328 ft., was erected in a similar way.
(3) If a bridge consists of girders continuous over two or more spans, it may be put together on the embankment at one end and rolled over the piers.
Modifications of the system have been adopted for bridges with discontinuous spans.
The following are some of the results Large as these loads are on short spans, they are not more than must often be provided for.
(3) This percentage decreases rapidly for longer spans, becoming about 25% for 75-ft.
spans, and 5% for loo-ft.
It is generally reckoned to be uniformly distributed, but in large spans the distribution of weight in the main girders should be calculated and taken into account.
run and spans ll, 1 2.
run for spans ll, l 2, and live loads p' per ft.
In the case of a bridge of many spans, there is a length of span which makes the cost of the bridge least.
Let P be the cost of one pier; G the cost of the main girders for one span, erected; n the number of spans; 1 the length of one span, and L the length of the bridge between abutments.
Professor Claxton Fidler (Treatise on Bridge Construction, 1887) has made a very careful theoretical analysis of the weights of bridges of different types, and has obtained the following values for the limiting spans.
In spans over 200 ft.
in breadth, and the four principal spans are each 440 ft.
A stone arch bridge, with nine arches, built of granite at a cost of $1,700,000 and dedicated in 1908, spans the Connecticut (replacing the old Connecticut river bridge built in 1818 and burned in 1895), and connects Hartford with the village of East Hartford in the township of East Hartford (pop. 1900, 6406), which has important paper-manufacturing and tobacco-growing interests.
By these arrangements the large draw-door weir across the Thames at Richmond, with three spans of 66 ft.
It served by the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, and the Missouri Pacific railway systems. A railway and wagon bridge spans the Missouri.
The best form is the spanroofed, a single span being better even than a series of spans such as form the ridge-and-furrow roof.
long, by an iron bridge built for railway purposes in 1864, and, a mile above the town, by a beautiful bridge of two wide and lofty spans carrying the Berlin railway referred to.
In 1883 an iron girder bridge of five spans was opened, which carries the North-Western railway to Peshawar, and has also a subway for wheeled traffic and foot passengers.
Beaucaire is situated on the right bank of the Rhone, opposite Tarascon, with which it is connected by two handsome bridges, a suspension-bridge of four spans and 1476 ft.
above the level of the river, spans the valley.
There are two spans; these are not in a straight line, but parallel to one another at the distance of the breadth of the central pillar.
For girders of small spans " I " beams or channels are generally used, but for greater spans girders are built of riveted work.
The finest bridge in the colony is that which spans the Orange at Hopetown.
Thus the space of ten spans between the black stone and the door, which is on the east side, between the black and Irak corners, and a man's height from the ground, is called the Multazam, and here prayer should be offered after the tawaf with outstretched arms and breast pressed against the house.
The whole legend of this stone, which is full of miraculous incidents, seems to have arisen from a misconception, the Maqam Ibrahim in the Koran meaning the sanctuary itself; but the stone, which is a block about 3 spans in height and 2 in breadth, and in shape "like a potter's furnace" (Ibn Jubair), is certainly very ancient.
In the neighbourhood also a great railway viaduct spans the Dinting valley with sixteen arches.
The aqueduct of Justinian, the Crooked aqueduct, in the open country, and the aqueduct of Valens that spans the valley between the 4th and 3rd hills of the city, still carry on their beneficent work, and afford evidence of the attention given to the water-supply of the capital during the Byzantine period.
of the village of Bagchekeui, and the fine aqueduct which spans the head of the valley of Buyukdere.
above the water, spans the Hudson at this point.
The interview excerpts repeatedly refer to girls' "supposedly innate longer attention spans and their natural facility with communication."
Our selection spans a vast array of what is on offer in the marketplace.
Our tuition is therefore designed to match with young children's attention spans.
Puzzles tend to be much smaller in the number of pieces, but this matches modern shorter attention spans.
Not only is this perfect for computers - but it is also ideal for young minds with limited attention spans!
Current Status Biological status lowland beech and yew woodland spans a variety of distinctive vegetation types reflecting differences in soil and topographical conditions.
The Department spans all areas from molecular and cellular through to biophysics and computational biochemistry.
Another extension of the lining spans from the anterior membrane to insert into the cricoid cartilage, forming the vocal cords.
Arts & humanities citation index (AHCI) is worth using if your dissertation spans these subject areas.
It spans not only clinical academic medicine but also veterinary science, dentistry, laboratory science and medical and nursing care.
expertise spans a wide range of graphic design, new media, advertising and digital marketing.
flyover bridge spans the river beyond this point.
The three masonry approach spans at each end are built of locally quarried granite.
humpy bridge that spans a slipway.
It spans both big, public Internet sites and the internal, web-based intranet.
Howard is " a man of action " in his own words, a jazz maverick who spans the genres.
Established in 1997 the customer base spans offshore, sub-sea, automotive, filtration and now medical.
The Divisions research focuses on common problems and diseases and spans conception to the female menopause.
The Waterloo mudstone Formation spans the Triassic Jurassic boundary, and comprises dark gray mudstones and shales, alternating with gray limestones.
ply the river, with fast-flowing water almost touching some city center bridge spans.
The majority of surviving native black poplars are approaching the end of their natural life spans.
At Rutgers we have a single Ethernet that spans three buildings, using repeaters.
repertoire spans 500 years, but specializes in costumed performances of 16th Century music, with some paid engagements.
The new rotunda of St John the Baptist in Xewkija has one of the largest spans in Europe.
salt marsh affected were those seaward of the Cleddau bridge, which spans the haven immediately east of Pembroke Dock.
The innovative solution arrived at by Halcrow was to reduce the shear forces at the supports by shortening the spans.
People are spending more of their lives living on their own -- through choice, through lengthening life spans and widowhood.
spans over seven decades.
The longest platform faces under the trainshed spans are Nos. 8 and 9, which reach an impressive 1200 foot.
Its chronological range spans from Prehistoric times to the present day.
Clive's repertoire spans six centuries and includes the complete works of Maurice DuruflÃ© and Olivier Messiaen.
These sketches are intended to show geometry of roofs at various spans and pitches and not structural details.
It spans a live taxiway, with aircraft the size of a Boeing 747-400 able to pass beneath.
A simple hardwood timber walkway spans the water, connecting the entrance with an oval of site salvaged slate defining the public/private transition point.
Length between abutments 3240 ft.; ---'..nw411111110` ???-- = = channel span 1800 ft.; suspended span 675 ft.; shore spans 5621 ft.
Farr has drawn diagrams of bending moment for forty different very heavy locomotives on different spans, and has determined for each case a uniform load which at every point would produce as great a bending moment as the actual wheel loads.
to the Nile, at the point where the Kasr en Nil or Great Nile bridge spans the river, leading to Gezira Bulak, an island whereon is a palace, now turned into a hotel, polo, cricket and tennis grounds, and a racecourse.
The choir 's repertoire spans 500 years, but specializes in costumed performances of 16th Century music, with some paid engagements.
The main areas of salt marsh affected were those seaward of the Cleddau bridge, which spans the haven immediately east of Pembroke Dock.
Main St. spans from our ' skid row ' area on Hastings up to an Indian district.
A blues survivor, whose career spans over seven decades.
Clive 's repertoire spans six centuries and includes the complete works of Maurice DuruflÃ© and Olivier Messiaen.
Their repertoire spans a wide range of styles including plenty of sparky originals.
Siamese also have long life spans and many live close to 20 years.
Cats with two faces may be able to lead normal lives, with normal life spans.
Many children have short attention spans that don't allow for long, drawn-out reading.
Favorite Stories from the Bible is nice because the stories are very short, making it ideal for small children who have short attention spans.
Warranty Manager - Original manufacturer's warranties are centrally registered and their life spans are doubled up to one additional year.
Kids, especially younger ones, have short attention spans.
Her company spans design, publishing, television, and furniture lines.
With so many perfumes launched in the market today, many of them have rather short life spans.
The collection spans a wide range of scents, catering to women of various age groups and even personalities.
Of course, since children are notorious for their short attention spans, don't expect your child to spend hours creating the perfect layout.
The Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore is a 70,000-acre national park, which spans the Lake Michigan coastline.
If he doesn't, then he's a loser and he's either changed his mind (guys, attention spans like small insects, I tell you what) or he was only just flirting to begin with.
Two: life spans and bodies have changed considerably.
Pacino - Another actor whose career spans several decades, but it was his role in 1972's The Godfather that started it all.
Seymour's filmography spans from the late 1960s through 2011.
Their array of dress-attire spans everything from afternoon parties to evening and holiday-wear.
Green River's main campus spans over 180 acres of forested land, offering its students a serene learning experience.
Instead of saying that you have family from all spans of the world, you could mention how your grandmother is from Syria, your cousin from Greece, your aunt from the great down under and more.
Younger families typically choose shorter sailings because of kids' shorter attention spans whereas seven to ten-day cruises traditionally cater to older passengers.
The Mighty Mississippi River spans 10 states from the northwoods of Minnesota to southern tip of Louisiana, home to the mouth of the Gulf of Mexico.
In general, dogs have short attention spans.
The origin of paisley motifs spans the vast lands of Turkey, Scotland, and India.
With lengthier life spans, comes longer retirements.
This type of trust is set up to be a long-term one; it spans several generations and could run into the hundreds of years.
Increasing life spans expand opportunities for boomers to pursue new passions and dreams following retirement.
Many have short attention spans and behavior problems.
Frames Direct has a selection that spans three pages.
The larger Getaway Guide brochure has a more detailed map that spans two pages and includes labels for major and minor rides, shows, games, and attractions that are also color-coded and numbered for convenience.
Cedar Point spans more than 360 acres of midways, rides, shops, games, lagoons, and beachfront property.
The history of video games systems spans over 25 years.
The action spans Episodes I-III as you guide your bricked-out hero through some of the movies' most memorable action scenes, leaving a wake of scattered Lego bricks as a testament to your Jedi powers.
This is where the game spans remarkably beyond merely running and gunning.
The world's largest garage sale, eBay, spans the entire globe.
Children typically have short attention spans so it is important to help keep their interest, and there are tons of video games out there that teach concentration (look at the image above).
Lake Tahoe actually spans the boundaries of both Nevada and California, with one-third of the lake in Nevada and two-thirds in California.
Individuals with MPS VI often have shorter than average life spans.
This complex spans the muscle cell membrane to unite a fibrous network on the interior of the cell with a fibrous network on the outside.
The course of the other muscular dystrophies is more variable; expected life spans and degrees of disability are hard to predict but may be related to age of onset and initial symptoms.
People with dystrophies with significant heart involvement (BMD, EDMD, Myotonic dystrophy) may nonetheless have almost normal life spans, provided that cardiac complications are monitored and treated aggressively.
Because of the slow progression of symptoms, individuals with Types III or Kennedy syndrome may have normal life spans.
The time should be very short-one guide suggests a minute for each year of the child's age-as most young children cannot easily comprehend longer time spans.
Individuals who develop the adult form of the disease have normal life spans, although they experience more bone fractures and complications related to compression of cranial nerves.
Some children have shorter attention spans than others.
Since many mourners are overwhelmed with emotion, they have short attention spans.
However, if you request a search that spans more than three years, the fee increases accordingly.
Choose a program that spans K-12 if possible.
For example, if you had a stay in a nursing home that spans over twelve months, the property may become payable.
It's a fascinating story that spans nearly thirty years of changes in obstetrics.
Joseph Baerman Strauss, a designer of over 400 spans, was convinced that the bridge could be constructed for about $30 million.
The bridge was built to connect the peninsula that the city of San Francisco occupies with Marin County to the north, which means it spans a body of water.
This customer base spans the range of ages, incomes, and cultures.
The Jam is basically a judged reality photo shoot that spans six days and five nights in exotic locations like Sitges, Spain.
Dolly Parton's career spans decade, but her personal style hasn't changed as much as one might expect.
Studies and research prove Dyson vacuum cleaners have increased life spans and lower maintenance costs compared to those made by other manufacturers.
Since this spans most of the 20th century, you'll have a lot of options to choose from if you're looking for a vintage engagement ring.
Listening to a story helps young children develop their language skills, lengthens their attention spans, and teaches them about the world around them.
Clubhouse Jr: This is a bright and colorful magazine for little readers and features colorful pictures and short stories that cater to shorter attention spans and reinforce a biblical worldview.
Their attention spans are now long enough to complete an activity that takes about a half hour.
Keep in mind, however, that toddlers have short attention spans, so when you plan for kids of this age, you'll need lots of short games to play instead of one or two longer ones.
In addition, since toddlers don't have the largest attention spans in the world, these games can be played quickly so that the kids won't lose interest.
Preschool age children can grasp many math concepts, but their short attention spans sometimes get in the way.
Young children are typically easy to please, but their attention spans can be a bit short.
Knife skills and using the stove or oven can wait until kids are a bit older, with better attention spans.
The history of John Edward's medium work spans over twenty years, working as an author and lecturer across the country.
The legend is an old and enduring one that spans many years.
Today, the zoo includes 3,500 animals representing 600 different species and spans 56 acres of land.
The show spans decades and boasts quite an impressive history!
It would be easy to relegate fallen angels to Goth territory, but these angels have a far wider appeal that spans more than one group.
While the art of homemade tattoo ink spans hundreds of centuries and cultures, the expense of using a reputable ink is worth its weight in gold.
New York spans from the Great Lakes to the east coast with mountains, lakes, historic cities, and picturesque wine country.
Kids yoga classes gear the programs and activities towards children's attention spans and interests in unique and creative ways.
The program spans nine months and includes several different types of instruction and workshops.
Those with short attention spans may need frequent breaks, which can be accomplished by separating lessons into a series small steps.
The Girl Who Spoke with Pictures contains images that tell a story that spans over Kim's development from a child to a young adult.
CAN as an entity itself has a history that spans over a decade.
As baby boomers age and medical advancements continue extending life spans, healthcare will continue to grow at a steady rate of 5% a year.
Kids are notorious for their short attention spans, so you don't want to have to stop the project to find glue or crayons.
Children have short attention spans, so you don't want to stop the activity to search for a missing item.
Older kids and those with long attention spans may enjoy crafting all afternoon.
Time spans for repayment vary from three months to 24 months, depending on the amount spent.
While you might expect that this type of undergarment would be straightforward - a corset with shoulder straps that spans the torso to the hips - there can still be variations in the modern incarnation.
Attention spans can still be an issue at this age.
It spans the galaxy, and enforces a beneficial Pax Galactica throughout.
Star Wars spans multiple decades and solar systems both in and out of story.
Mothra and Godzilla's relationship spans several movies.
Your patient base spans species, not to mention issues related to each of those species.
Restaurant chains offer moderately affordable prices, family-friendly settings and a name that spans across locations.
A beer garden provides adult beverages, in the rear of the sprawling market, which spans a full city block.
There is a mound; and a few inscriptions are built into a bridge, which here spans the river, carrying the road from Niksar to Tokat.
A railway bridge also spans the Main at this point.
For spans over 75 ft., expansion due to change of temperature is provided for by carrying one end of each chain girder on rollers placed between the bearing-plate on the girder and the bed-plate on the pier or abutment.
The girders of the side spans were rolled out so as to overhang the great span by 105 ft., and formed a platform from which parts of the arch could be suspended.
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