South-african sentence example

south-african
  • The Territory is a member of the South African Customs Union.

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  • On the outbreak of the South African War in 1899 Grant was at first disposed to be hostile to the policy of Lord Salisbury and Mr Chamberlain; but his eyes were soon opened to the real nature of President Kruger's government, and he enthusiastically welcomed and supported the national feeling which sent men from the outlying portions of the Empire to assist in upholding British supremacy in South Africa.

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  • The best of the New South Wales diamonds are harder and much whiter than the South African diamonds, and are classified as on a par with the best Brazilian gems, but no large specimens have yet been found.

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  • Even insects, as in the case of South African locusts, have been found to be a means of distributing seeds.

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  • The South African sub-region has a flora richer perhaps in number of species than any other; and these are often extremely local ant restricted in area.

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  • Tropacolum takes the place of the nearly allied South African Pelargonium.

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  • At first sight a South African Euphorbia might be mistaken for a South American Cactus, an Aloe for an A gave, a Senecio for ivy, or a New Zealand Veronica for a European Salicornia.

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  • Later works include The South African Forces in France (1920), and a biography of Francis and Riversdale Grenfell (1920) .

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  • In 1892 he was elected to the Dominion Parliament, but in 1899 he interrupted his political career to serve in the South African War, where he commanded a mixed force of English and colonial scouts in western Cape Colony.

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  • More than l000 English and colonial Jews participated as active combatants in the South African War.

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  • In 1822 the London Missionary Society appointed him superintendent of their South African stations.

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  • The social condition of the people is higher than that of the majority of South African natives.

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  • A book on national customs, the first work in the vernacular by a South African native, was published in 1893.

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  • The completion in October 1905 of a railway putting Maseru in connexion with the South African railway system proved a great boon to the community.

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  • In 1899 another South African mission was started, ultimately locating itself at Mashukulumbwe, and a few years later work was begun in Southern Nigeria.

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  • Some zoologists, indeed, include in the same genus the South African thick-tailed hare, but by others this is separated as Pronolagus crassicaudatus.

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  • The better to understand the point of view of the Cape Dutch and the burghers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State, Milner also during this period learned both Dutch and the South African "Taal."

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  • Milner felt that only the enfranchisement of the Uitlanders in the Transvaal would give stability to the South African situation.

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  • To this group belong a number of tropical and especially South African genera such as Albuca, Urginea, Drimia, Lachenalia and others.

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  • With the exception of certain South African species, foxes differ from wolves and jackals in that they do not associate in packs, but go about in pairs or are solitary.

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  • Durban is also in regular and frequent communication by passenger steamers with the other South African ports, as well as Mauritius, Zanzibar, &c., and with India, Australia, the United States and South America.

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  • On this, the normal South African gauge, all the Natal railways, save a few 2-ft.

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  • Bishop Colenso (q.v.), condemned in 1863 on a charge of heresy, ignored the authority of the court of South African bishops and was maintained in his position by decision of the Privy Council in England.

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  • The chief concern of the Natal government was to remodel their native policy where it proved inadequate, especially in view of the growth of the movement for the federation of the South African colonies.

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  • The country west of the Drakensberg, though part of the main South African tableland, is not uniform in character, consisting of (I) elevated downs, (2) their slopes, (3) the flat " bottom " land.

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  • Thence issue many streams which in their way to the ocean have forced their way through the ranges of hills which mark the steps in the plateau, forming the narrow passes or poorts characteristic of South African scenery.

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  • The following subdivisions have been recognized by Molengraaff Karroo System, Transvaal System, Vaal River System, South African Primary System.

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  • The South African Primary System includes a complex of rocks as yet little understood.

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  • With the exception of a few purely local lines they are of the standard South African gauge-3 ft.

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  • Of the imports about 50% comes from Great Britain and about 20% from British colonies (including other South African states).

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  • In May 1903 an inter-colonial council was established to deal with the administration of the railways in the Transvaal and Orange River Colony (known as the Central South African railways), the South African constabulary and other matters common to the Orange River and Transvaal colonies.

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  • The semi-military organization of these divisions, which existed under the South African republic, has been abolished, and field-cornets, who are nominated by the provincial government, are purely civil officials charged with the registration of voters, births and deaths, the maintenance of public roads, &c. The chief local authorities are the municipal bodies, many " municipalities " being rural areas centred round a small town.

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  • The rest of the province is policed by the South African constabulary, a body 3700 strong, to which is also entrusted customs preventive work, fire brigade work and such like functions.

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  • The name " South African Republic " was adopted as the title of the state, and the new constitution made provision for a volksraad to which members were to be elected by the people for a period of two years, and in which the legislative function was vested.

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  • He had no sooner left the Transvaal than the -old Lydenburg party, headed by Cornelis Potgieter, landdrost of Lydenburg, protested that the union would be much more beneficial to the Free State than to the people of Lydenburg, and followed this up with the contention lions' that it was illegal for any one to be president of the South African Republic and the Free State at the same time.

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  • This territory was claimed by the South African Republic, by Barolong and Batlapin Bechuanas, by Koranas, and also by David Arnot, on behalf of the Griqua captain, Nicholas Waterboer.

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  • With this view they asked Mr (afterwards Sir John) Brand, president,, of the Free State, to allow them to nominate him for the presidency of the South African Republic. To this President Brand 1872.

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  • On being directly appealed to by Kruger and Joubert, Gladstone however replied that the liberty which they sought might be " most easily and promptly conceded to the Transvaal as a member of a South African Confederation."

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  • This, however, was not immediately available, and on the 13th of December the Boers in public meeting at Paardekraal resolved once more to proclaim the South African Republic, and in the meantime to appoint a triumvirate, consisting of Kruger, Pretorius and Joubert, as a provisional government.

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  • Moreover, Kruger requested that the term " South African Republic " should be substituted for Transvaal State.

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  • The German consul at Pretoria at this j uncture as a volatile, sanguine man, with visionary ideas of the important part Germany was to play in the future as the patron and ally of the South African Republic, and of the extent to which the Bismarckian policy might go in abetting an anti-British campaign.

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  • The franchise, again, was an internal affair, in which the convention gave Great Britain no right to interfere, while if Great Britain relied on certain definite breaches of the convention, satisfaction for which was sought in the first place in such a guarantee of amendment as the Uitlander franchise would involve, the Boer answer was an offer of arbitration, a course which Great Britain could not accept without admitting the South African Republic to the position of an equal.

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  • On the 30th of November the mobilization of a sixth division was ordered, offers of colonial aid were accepted, and every facility provided for local recruiting in the South African ports.

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  • A wave of military enthusiasm arose throughout the empire, and as the formation of a seventh division practically drained the mother-country of trained men, a scheme for the employment of amateur soldiers was formulated, resulting in the despatch of Imperial Yeomanry and Volunteer contingents, which proved one of the most striking features of the South African campaign.

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  • As a result of this conference articles of peace were signed at Pretoria on the 31st of May, and the South African war was a history of the past.

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  • In this matter the Boer and British sections of the community were in agreement, and they had the support of the Transvaal government and of the other South African colonies.

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  • By treaty between the South African Republic (then comprising the districts of Potchefstroom, Rustenburg, Pretoria and Zoutpansberg) and the republic of Lydenburg, concluded at Pretoria in 1860, the two republics were united and Pretoria chosen as the capital of the whole state, and in September of that year the Volksraad held its first meeting in the new capital.

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  • From a party-political point of view the period of Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman's premiership was chiefly marked by the continued controversies remaining from the general election of 1906, - tariff reform and free trade, the South African question and the allied Liberal policy for abolishing Chinese labour, the administration of Ireland, and the amendment of the Education Act of 1902 so as to remove its supposed denominational character.

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  • In 1858 the district was united with the republic of Lydenburg, and in 1860, with Lydenburg, became part of the South African Republic. In 1903 it was, with the neighbouring district of Vryheid, annexed to Natal.

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  • South Africa The earliest magazine was the South African Journal, issued by the poet Pringle and John Fairbairn in 1824.

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  • The Eastern Province Magazine was issued at Port Elizabeth in 1861-1862, and the South African Magazine appeared in 1867-1868.

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  • The African Monthly (Grahamstown, 1907) and the State of South Africa (Cape Town, 1909) are monthly reviews, while the South African Railway Magazine (1907) is of wider interest than its name denotes.

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  • In Arum the blade is simple, as also in the so-called arum-lily (Richardia), a South African species common in Britain as a greenhouse plant, and in Caladium, a tropical South American genus, and Alocasia (tropical Asia), species of which are favourite warm-greenhouse plants on account of their variegated leaves.

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  • Since 1887 the management of the town had been entrusted to a nominated sanitary board, under the chairmanship of the mining commissioner appointed by the South African Republic. In 1890 elected members had been admitted to this board, but at the end of 1897 an elective stadsraad (town council) was constituted, though its functions were strictly limited.

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  • Rhodesia produced £386,148 in 1900 and £722,656 in 1901, in spite of the South African War; the product for 1905 was valued at £1,480,449, and for 1908 at L2,526,000.

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  • Public monuments are few, but include a statue of Queen Victoria (1903) and a South African War memorial (1905) in front of the city hall; the Albert Memorial (1870), in the form of a clock-tower, in Queen Street; a monument to the same prince in High Street; and a statue in Wellington Place to Dr Henry Cooke, a prominent Presbyterian minister who died in 1868.

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  • The North African Basin has several deeps with more than 3300 fathoms to the northwest and the south-west of the Cape Verde Islands, but the South African Basin is less deep. In the South Atlantic there is no connexion between the Central Rise and the Antarctic Shelf, for the Indo-Atlantic Antarctic Basin stretches from near the South Sandwich Islands towards Kerguelen with depths exceeding 2500 fathoms and reaching in places 3100.

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  • Government Avenue contains, on the east side, the Houses of Parliament, government house, a modernized Dutch building, and the Jewish synagogue; on the west side are the Anglican cathedral and grammar schools, the public library, botanic gardens, the museum and South African college.

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  • To these he also adds the genus Promerops, 3 composed of 2 species of South African birds, of very different appearance, whose affinity to the rest can as yet hardly be taken as proved.

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  • He was a lifelong advocate of international peace, and made a remarkable declaration as to the Christian standard of national action when the Free Church Federation met at Leeds during the South African War in 1900.

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  • The South African springbuck (Antidorcas euchore) is nearly related to the gazelles, from which it is distinguished by the presence on the middle line of the loins of an evertible pouch, lined with long white hairs capable of erection.

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  • The railways are state owned and of the standard South African gauge-3 ft.

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  • At the time of the first annexation of the Transvaal the Free State declined Lord Carnarvon's invitation to federate with the other South African communities.

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  • The deputation also urged the Transvaal to join the South African Customs Union.

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  • These decisions were the result of an agreement to bring before the parliaments of the various colonies a resolution advocating the closer union of the South African states and the appointment of delegates to a national convention to frame a draft constitution.

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  • But if the South African War proved more The serious than had been anticipated, it did more to weld the empire together than years of peaceful last year.

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  • In the South African War of1899-1902it was even suggested that female nurses should replace orderlies at the front.

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  • In 1901, to aid in meeting the expenses of the South African war, a moderate revenue duty was again imposed on sugar; and in 1902 the shilling duty on corn and flour (abolished in 1869) was restored, but again taken off in 1903.

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  • Of Branchiopsyllus (Sars, 1897) the male is not yet known, but in his genera of the same date, the Siberian Artemiopsis and the South African Branchipodopsis (1898), there is no such appendage.

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  • During the South African crisis of 1899-1902 he was specially vehement in opposition to Mr Chamberlain, and took the "pro-Boer" side so bitterly that he was mobbed in Birmingham during the 1900 election when he attempted to address a meeting at the Town Hall.

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  • In 1891 the South African Customs Union was extended to British Bechuanaland, and in 1895 the country was annexed to Cape Colony.

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  • Pratt's Leading Points in South African History (London, 1900); and Cecil Rhodes, His Political Life and Speeches, by Vindex (London, 1900).

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  • The outbreak of the South African war in 1899 furnished an occasion for a practical display of Canadian loyalty to imperial interests.

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  • The only other monument - a South African War memorial - is outside and almost opposite Peel Park.

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  • The family is represented by the South African Pedetes caller, which is as large as a hare, and the smaller East African P. surdaster.

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  • Whatever value may attach to the consolidation of the British Empire itself as a factor in spreading the peace which reigns within it, it is also a great contribution to the peace of the world that the British race should have founded practically independent states like the Dominion of Canada, the Commonwealth of Australia, the South African Union and the Dominion of New Zealand.

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  • Like most of the South African bays it does not afford good anchorage.

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  • The new prime minister came into power practically at the same moment as the king's coronation (see Edward Vii.) and the end of the South African War '(see' Transvaal).

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  • Limonite often forms a cementing medium in ferruginous sands and gravels, forming "pan"; and in like manner it is the agglutinating agent in many conglomerates, like the South African "banket," where it is auriferous.

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  • He found that a South African drongo (Dicrurus (Buchanga) assimilis) was rejected after one or two attempts to eat it by a hungry mongoose (Herpestes galera) which had been starved for purposes of the experiment.

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  • The South African governments foresaw dangerous developments in the Ethiopian movement, and steps were taken to restrain its growth.

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  • A South African genus of composites requiring very warm sunny spots and rich gritty soil.

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  • A genus of South African plants with fibrous-coated corms or solid bulbs, often known as montbretas.

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  • It is said also to dig up the nests of wasps in order to eat the larvae, as the ratel - a closely allied South African form - is said to rob the bees of their honey.

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  • The majority of minerals are found commonly in masses which can with difficulty be recognized as aggregates of crystalline grains, and occur comparatively seldom as distinct crystals; but the diamond is almost always found in single crystals, which show no signs of previous attachment to any matrix; the stones were, until the discovery of the South African mines, almost entirely derived from sands or gravels, but owing to the hardness of the mineral it is rarely, if ever, water-worn, and the crystals are often very perfect.

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  • A full-sized South African lion, according to Selous, measures slightly less than ro ft.

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  • There was no prospect of further territory in Equatorial Africa, and the hope of bringing about a closer union with the South African Republic was not fulfilled.

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  • He continued to represent the borough, and the district into which it was merged by the Reform Act of 1885, until 1900, when his attitude towards the South African War - he was one of the foremost of the so-called "Pro-Boer" party - compelled his retirement.

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  • With the exception of Colenso the South African bishops forthwith surrendered their patents,and formally accepted Bishop Gray as their metropolitan, an example followed in 1865 in the province of New Zealand.

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  • The South African Museum (1902) contains memorials of the Boer War of 1899-1902.

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  • A few South African representatives have a shrubby habit.

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  • During the South African War he took a prominent part in the attempts to get Holland to mediate between Great Britain and the Boers.

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  • The flora and also (though to a less degree) the fauna present not only Asian and Central African affinities, but, what is more interesting, Mascarene, South African and Antipodean-American relationships, indicating a very different distribution of land and water and necessitating other bridges of communication than now exist.

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  • Sable antelope are among the handsomest of South African antelopes, and are endowed with great speed and staying power.

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  • India and the South African colonies between them take some two-thirds of the total produce.

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  • The town is laid out on the usual Dutch South African plan - in rectangular blocks with a central market square.

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  • A recent case of conquest was that effected by the South African War of 18 991902, in which the Transvaal republic and the Orange Free State were extinguished, first de facto by occupation of the whole of their territory, and then de jure by terms of surrender entered into by the Boer generals acting as a government.

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  • In the case of the annexation of the territories of the Transvaal republic and Orange Free State, a rather complicated situation arose out of the facts, on the one hand, that the ceding states closed their own existence and left no recourse to third parties against the previous ruling authority, and, on the other, that, having no means owing to the de facto British occupation, of raising money by taxation, the dispossessed governments raised money by selling certain securities, more especially a large holding of shares in the South African Railway Company, to neutral purchasers.

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  • He delivered the South African lectures in 1908, the Lowell lectures in 1909, and in 1911 was Chichele lecturer in modern history.

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  • Africa is assisted by the Baptist South African Missionary and Colonial Aid Society, having its seat in London.

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  • He differed strongly, however, from a large section of Nonconformist opinion in his defence of the South African War.

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  • After the South African War, several different terms were tried for the line infantry and cavalry, but these experiments proved that the terms formerly prevailing, viz.

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  • In the colonial establishment the principal commands are the Mediterranean (including Egypt) and the South African.

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  • The pay of the soldiers has increased since the South African War.

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  • It was not until 1864 that Zoutpansberg was definitely incorporated in the South African Republic. Trichard and his companions had been shown gold workings by the natives, and it was in this district in 1867-70, and in the neighbouring region of Lydenburg, that gold mines were first worked by Europeans south of the Limpopo.

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  • While gold and diamond mining continue the greatest of South African industries other sources of wealth have been added.

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  • None of the South African governments was, however, then in a position to undertake large works.

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  • A South African Customs Statistical Bureau, which deals with the external trade of British South Africa,' was established in July 1905.

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  • Of the exports the United Kingdom took some 95%; a considerable quantity of South African produce, especially wool, shipped to England ultimately, however finds its way to other countries.

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  • The most marked difference between the English and South African systems of law is, as might be expected, to be found in the law relating to real property.

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  • Formerly all South African houses had stoeps, but in the central parts of the larger towns the buildings are now without verandas.

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  • When it is borne in mind that the Dutch at the Cape were for one hundred and forty-three years under the rule of the Dutch East India Company, the importance of a correct appreciation of the nature of that rule to any student of South African history is obvious.

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  • This sentiment, which found formal recognition later on in the constitution of the South African Republic, was held in fullest force by the voortrekkers.

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  • The home government (the first Russell administration), which had reluctantly consented to confirm Sir Harry Smith's annexation of the Orange River territory., on learning of these difficulties, and also that many of the burghers remained dissatisfied, changed their policy, and in 1851 the governor was informed that the ultimate abandonment of the Sovereignty was a settled point.2 In fulfilment of their settled policy to keep the British South African dominions within the smallest possible limits, the cabinet decided to recognize the independence of the Boers living beyond the Vaal.

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  • The abandonment of the Orange River Sovereignty marked the close of the eventful period in South African history which began eighteen years before with the Great Trek.

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  • He sought to remedy the mistake which had been made, and in 1858 he submitted a scheme of federation between the various South African states.

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  • The South African states, he believed, might be left in internal affairs to work out their own future.

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  • In August 1876 the colonial secretary assembled a conference on South African affairs in London, nominating Froude as representative of Griqualand West.

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  • The war between the Transvaal republic and the natives has had this further effect, it rapidly ripened all South African policy....

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  • It brings us near to the object and end for which I have now for two years been steadily labouring - the union of the South African colonies and states.

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  • The time required for the work of confederating and of consolidating the confederated states Lord Carnarvon estimated at not more than two years, and he was sanguine enough First to hope that Frere would stay on at the Cape for two or three years " as the first governor-general of the of the South African dominion.

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  • Neither the Portuguese nor the British claims seemed of much importance until the rise of the South African republic. Anxious for a seaport, the Transvaal Boers -in turn laid claim to Delagoa Bay.

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  • A customs union between Cape Colony and the Free State was concluded in 1889, to which later on all the other South African states, save the Transvaal, became parties.

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  • Rhodes was also a firm believer in the federation of the South African states and colonies, and he sought to promote this end by the development of inter-state and inter-colonial railway systems, and the establishment of common customs, tariffs, and inter-colonial free trade under a customs union?

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  • For three years petitions and deputations, public meetings and newspaper articles, the efforts of the enlightened South African party at Johannesburg and Pretoria, were all addressed to the endeavour to induce President Kruger and his government to give some measure of recognition to the steadily increasing Uitlander population.

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  • Once more the Uitlanders determined to make a further attempt to obtain redress by Reform constitutional means, and the second organized movement for reform began by the formation in 1897 of a branch of the South African League.

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  • The leading South African statesmen realized that unless an effort to remedy this condition was made without delay affairs would go from bad to worse.

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  • This decision was deplored by all parties in the British parliament, but it was recognized that to alter a decision deliberately come to by South African statesmen would wreck the union.

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  • During and after the South African War of 1899-1902 many attempts were made by this procedure to challenge or review the sentences of courts martial; see re Fourie (1900), 18 Cape Rep. 8.

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  • The word suzerain is used in the Pretoria convention of the 3rd of August 1881 between the British government and the late South African Republic. The convention (by its preamble) granted to the inhabitants complete self-government, " subject to the suzerainty of her Majesty," and this suzerainty was reaffirmed in the articles.

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  • Von Liszt (Das Volkerrecht, p. 331) treats the South African republic as an example of a half sovereign state.

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  • He points out that Great Britain - which until lately took the view that a protected state possesses only delegated powers, and that an Eastern state cannot grant jurisdiction over persons who are neither its own subjects nor subjects of the country to which the powers are delegated - had by the Pacific Order in Council of 1893 and the South African Orders in Council of1891-1894asserted jurisdiction over natives and foreign subjects.

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  • Phalarideae (6 genera, three of which are South African and Australasian; the others are more widely distributed, and represented in our flora).

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  • The South African Encephalartos frequently produces several branches.

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  • Pollination in cycads has always been described as anemophilous, but according to recent observations by Pearson on South African species it seems probable that, at least in some cases, the pollen is conveyed to the ovules by animal agency.

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  • On the other hand, some years ago in the United Kingdom, before the high expenditure on army and navy began, and before the South African war of 1899-1902, it is probable that with an outlay of less than roo,000,000 by the central government, the proportion of this outlay to the aggregate income of the people was not higher than onefourteenth.

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  • At the beginning of 1902, when the South African war was closing, the normal peace expenditure, even reckoned at 160,000,000, did not exceed one-tenth, while even peace and war expenditure together in 1901, taking them as close on 200,Ooo,000, did not exceed one-eighth.

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  • German and British lines serve the South African and Indian ports.

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  • Hooks, thorns and prickles are characteristic of many South African plants.

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  • Cape Colony is a member of the South African Customs Union.

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  • Other lines connect Cape Town with all other South African states, while within the colony there is a complete system of telegraphic communication, over 8000 m.

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  • These are the South African College at Cape Town (founded in 1829), the Victoria College at Stellenbosch, the Diocesan College at Rondebosch, Rhodes University College, Graham's Town, Gill College at Somerset East, the School of Mines at Kimberley and the Huguenot Ladies' College at Wellington.

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  • The chief papers are the Cape Times, Cape Argus, South African News (Bond), both daily and weekly; the Diamond Fields Advertiser (Kimberley) and the Eastern Province Herald (Port Elizabeth).

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  • In 1880, Sir Bartle Frere, who by his energetic and statesmanlike attitude on the relations with the native states, as well as on all other questions, had won the esteem and regard of loyal South African colonists, was recalled by the 1st earl of Kimberley, the liberal secretary of state for the colonies, and was succeeded by Sir Hercules Robinson.

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  • In the year 1888, in spite of the failure of statesmen and high commissioners to bring about political confederation, the members of the Cape parliament set about the establishment of a South African Customs Union.

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  • But President Kruger, consistently pursuing his own policy, hoped through the Delagoa Bay railway to make the South African Republic entirely independent of Cape Colony.

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  • It had passed, since the war, two measures of importance - one (1902) restricting alien immigration, the other (1903) ratifying the first customs convention between all the South African colonies.

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  • Its supporters, who called themselves the South African party, the Progressives being renamed Unionists, obtained 17 seats out of a total of 26.

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  • There were returned 69 members of the South African party, 33 Unionists and 5 Independents, among them the ex-premiers Sir Gordon Sprigg and Mr Schreiner.

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  • Partly in consequence of the serious economic situation the renewed movement for the closer union of the various South African colonies, formally initiated by Dr Jameson in 1907, received the support of the Cape parliament.

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  • The takin, which may be compared in size to a Kerry cow, is a clumsily built brute with yellowish-brown hair and curiously curved horns, which recall those of the South African white-tailed gnu.

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  • A dual control was arranged in 1890, but the convention then signed proved abortive owing to the objection of the Transvaal to join the South African Customs Union.

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  • In 1893 a further conference on the Swazi question took place between Sir Henry Loch, high commissioner for South Africa, and President Kruger, the result of which was that the administration of Swaziland, with certain reservations as to the rights of the natives, was made over to the South African Republic. In the following year six Swazi envoys visited England for the purpose of asking Queen Victoria to take Swaziland under her protection.

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  • Weary of the condition of anarchy which existed in the republic, niany inhabitants of the Transvaal were ready to welcome its annexation to Great Britaina proposal favored by the colonial secretary, Lord Carnarvon, who wished to federate the South African states, after the manner in which the North American colonies had become by confederation the Dominion of Canada.

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  • Troops were of course sent from England to maintain the British cause; and Sir George Colley, who enjoyed a high reputation and had experience in South African warfare, was made governor of Natal, and entrusted with the military command.

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  • Lord Derby consented to a new convention, from which any verbal reference to suzerainty was excluded; and the South African republic was made independent, subject only to the condition, that it should conclude no treaties with foreign powers without the approval of the crown.

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  • Ever since the independence of the South African Republic had been virtually conceded by the convention of 1884, unhappy differences had prevailed between the Dutch and British residents in the Transvaal.

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  • Possibly mammalian remains also occur in the antecedent Triassic epoch, some palaeontologists regarding the South African Tritylodon as a mammal, while others consider that it was probably a reptile.

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  • Another rich Norman doorway was exposed in the south wall in 1903, when masons were cutting a site for the memorial to the soldiers who had fallen in the South African War.

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  • He opposed the South African War, took a prominent part in organizing the Second International in 1900, and from that date onwards was also active, both as speaker and writer, in advocating the grant of free institutions to India.

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  • The new councils very generally passed resolutions of sympathy with the Boers in the South African war.

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  • Their non-employment of skins for clothing is a marked distinction between the Malagasy and the South African races, and their use of vegetable fibres an equally strong link between them and the Polynesian peoples.

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  • Among its results were determinations of the lunar and of the solar parallax (Mars serving as an intermediary), the first measurement of a South African arc of the meridian, and the observation of io,000 southern stars.

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  • Many other examples are published in the South African Folk-Lore Journal (1879,1880).

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  • The South African plateau is connected towards the north-east with (b) the East African plateau, with probably a slightly greater average elevation, and marked by some distinct features.

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  • It represents an Eland, a south African antelope.

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  • The South African labor Party had been entirely the preserve of a white labor aristocracy.

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  • He is also deputy chairperson of the South African Institute of International Affairs, an independent think tank.

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  • The child's birth must, however, be registered in South Africa for the child to acquire South African citizenship.

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  • He has been made an honorary colonel of the 1st South African Tank Regiment.

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  • A similar attempt to exclude former combatants was raised on the South African Police Training Committee, in March 1993.

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  • What I find even more disconcerting is that South African architects appeared to have shown a disinterest in the Indaba.

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  • The Namibian dollar (N$) is tied permanently 1-1 to the South African Rand (SAR ).

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  • He knew about Cuban painters, and Spanish writers, and South African drummers, and all sorts of things.

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  • In addition the Bears will have a further fillip in South African RL international Tim OâShea.

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  • Served in the South African Campaign, 1899 - 1902 with the mounted infantry.

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  • But the South African cricketer is not only inured to hardship, he is imbued with missionary zeal and will let nobody down.

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  • In 1990 he was sent a letter bomb by the South African authorities.

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  • Well right now his working on a cure for Aids that he learned off a South African marabout.

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  • In 1985, he successfully masterminded the resolution to the South African debt crisis.

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  • From Olympic gold medalists to world record breakers, the South African swim team is a force to be reckoned with.

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  • Sitting on top of this web is the great white shark, unchallenged apex predator of the South African seas.

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  • The South African expert said the other projectiles that hit Cardoso were probably shrapnel from the car itself.

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  • The group's shares have suffered in recent weeks with the south African rand losing more than 20% against the dollar.

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  • Newcomers to the asbestos issue will recall how the company reneged on a court-approved agreement to compensate South African asbestos claimants.

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  • Carnival music workshops will include Afro-Cuban drumming, Brazilian street samba, and South African township music for brass and wind.

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  • He was also awarded a scholarship to study integration in South African Cricket.

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  • For example, South African farmers are already growing transgenic pest-resistant maize, and this year began planting transgenic soy.

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  • Second was the former South African radio starlet Moira Lister.

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  • For Kim is married to Todd, son of South African newspaper tycoon Cornelius van Zyl.

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  • The distinctive tune was based on South African folk music played on a penny whistle.

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  • This takes account of - (I) the ArcticAlpine zone, including all the vegetation of the region bordering on perpetual snow; (2) the Boreal zone, including the temperate lands of North America, Europe and Asia, all of which are substantially alike in botanical character; (3) the Tropical zone, divided sharply into (a) the tropical zone of the New World, and (b) the tropical zone of the Old World, the forms of which differ in a significant degree; (4) the Austral zone, comprising all continental land south of the equator, and sharply divided into three regions the floras of which are strikingly distinct - (a) South American, (b) South African and (c) Australian; (5) the Oceanic, comprising all oceanic islands, the flora of which consists exclusively of forms whose seeds could be drifted undestroyed by ocean currents or carried by birds.

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  • The Romans celebrated the birthday of a town and of its genius, just as they celebrated that of a man; and a snake was a frequent form for this kind of demon; when we compare with this the South African belief that the snakes which are in the neighbourhood of the kraal are the incarnations of the ancestors of the residents, it seems probable that some similar idea lay at the bottom of the Roman belief; to this day in European folklore the house snake or toad, which lives in the cellar, is regarded as the "life index" or other self of the father of the house; the death of one involves the death of the other, according to popular belief.

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  • The persistent attempt of the South African Republic to assert its full independence, culminating in a formal denial of British suzerainty, made it additionally incumbent on Great Britain to carry its point as to the Uitlander grievances, while, from Mr Kruger's point of view, the admission of the Uitlanders to real political rights meant the doom of his oligarchical regime, and appeared in the light of a direct menace to Boer supremacy.

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  • At this time the British, wearied of South African troubles, were disinclined to respond to native appeals for help. Consequently the Boers proceeded without let or hindrance with their conquest and annexation of territory.

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  • The difficulty which arose out of the transfer of the South African Railway shares held by the Transvaal government was satisfactorily terminated by the purchase by the British government of the total capital of the company from the different groups of shareholders (see on this case, Sir Thomas Barclay, Law Quarterly Review, July 1905; and Professor Westlake, in the same Review, October 1905).

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  • Torrend, Comparative Grammar of the South African Bantu Languages (p. Ioi) renders it " Lord of the water-elephants," and remarks that the hippopotamus is even to the present day a sacred animal among the Karanga.

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  • There was also an early attempt to federate the South African colonies, and an act was passed for that purpose (South African Act 1877), but it expired on the 18th of August 1882, without having been brought into effect by the sovereign in council; in 1908, however, the Closer Union movement (see Sout13 Africa) ripened, and in 1909 a federating Act was successfully passed.

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  • Meanwhile, and partly through distrust of the Kruger policy, there was growing up in Cape Colony a party of South African Imperialists, or, as they have been called, Afrikander Imperialists, who came to a large extent under the influence of Cecil Rhodes.

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  • It concluded with a list of demands (see Transvaal), their gist being " the establishment of this republic as a true republic " with equitable franchise laws, an independent judicature and free trade in South African products.

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  • The South African objections were economic and racial, based on the results which had followed the introduction of Indian coolies into Natal.

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  • See Stubbs, " Suzerainty, or the Rights and Duties of Suzerain and Vassal States " (1882), Revue de droit international (1896), pp. 39, 278; Westlake, " L'Angleterre et la republique sud-africaine," Revue de droit international (1896), p. 268; Bornhak, Eznseitige Abadngigkeitsverhdltnisse unter den modernen Staaten (1896); Ullmann, Volkerrecht (1908), p. 25; Tchomacoff, De la Souverainete (1901); Jellinek, Die Lehre von den Staatenverbindungen (1882); Correspondence Relating to South African Republic (1899) [C. 9507]; Law Magazine (1900), p. 413; Law Quarterly Review (1896), p. 122; Journal of Comparative Legislation, new series, vol.

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  • A fresh convention was drafted at this time, and under it " a uniform tariff on all imported goods consumed within such union, and an equitable distribution of the duties collected on such goods amongst the parties to such union, and free trade between the colonies and state in respect of all South African products," was arranged.

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  • Swaziland is a member of the South African Customs Union (see South Africa).

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  • In the same beds the remains of two, if not three, species of hippopotamus have been found, about two-thirds the size of the living South African species; also the bones and carapace, &c., of gigantic tortoises, and the bones of a crocodile, now extinct on the coast and rivers, but still living in the two chief lakes; also the remains of a river-hog, of a species of swine, and of a slender-legged form of zebu-ox.

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  • The group 's shares have suffered in recent weeks with the South African rand losing more than 20% against the dollar.

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  • Alone, over 12,000 South African (white) soldiers were repatriated by the end of 1916 due to malaria.

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  • It is naturally decaffeinated because it isn't really made from tea leaves but from a South African red bush.

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  • Theron is the first South African actress to win the "Best Actress" Oscar.

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  • Despite a reputation for diva like behavior, Campbell's international presence includes a personal friendship with former South African President Nelson Mandela and an on-again off-again relationship with Robert DeNiro in the early 1990s.

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  • This South African rock band has been one of the most successful acts of the last decade selling over five million units since 2002.

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  • Since the long overdue end to small-minded and inhumane apartheid, exports of South African wines have expanded and these excellent value wines are starting to take up slots in wine retailers shelves.

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  • Pinotage is synonymous with South African wine where it is extensively grown.

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  • Variegate porphyria (VP) is also known as porphyria variegata, protocoproporphyria, South African genetic porphyria, and Royal malady (supposedly King George III of England and Mary, Queen of Scots, suffered from VP).

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  • This is especially remarkable when many volumizing products rely on harsh chemicals and stiff results to give hair form and shape, but O'Rourke's products reflect his South African experience with natural techniques for phenomenal results.

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  • Everyone loves teddy bears and South African Bears offers beautiful patterns with complete instructions.

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  • Historically, diamond mines could expect to produce one or two gem-grade blue diamond a year, but one South African mine has a higher incidence of these blue gemstones.

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  • The Kaisers are huge fans of football team Leeds United, though they're named after the South African Kaizer Chiefs Football Club.

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  • They are a vocal group in the South African Isicathamiya tradition, who rose to fame backing Paul Simon on his Graceland album.

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  • Traditional South African music styles reflect the different cultures that have passed through the country over the years.

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  • These parts of town were home to many black South African musicians, who could no longer perform in venues in Johannesburg thanks to government curfews on the black population.

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  • There are a number of South African music genres that combine traditional influences with modern twists.

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  • Ready to explore South African music for yourself?

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  • Visit Capetown Magazine's website for links to several South African radio stations featuring both traditional and contemporary South African sounds.

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  • He was one of the rare instances among the Kaffirs of a leader endowed with intellectual gifts which placed him on a level with Europeans, and his life-work has left a permanent mark on South African history.

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  • Me and the South African performers I was working with that night thought it rather funny that we had a royal groupie.

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  • About a third of the imports are the produce or manufactures of other South'African countries.

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