Soda sentence example

soda
  • Sean brought her a bowl of thick beef stew, soda bread, and a Coke.
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  • The distillates obtained are usually purified by treatment, successively, with sulphuric acid and solution of caustic soda, followed by washing with water.
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  • Soft Soap. - Soft soaps are made with potash lyes, although in practice a small quantity of soda is also used to give the soap some consistence.
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  • Next to Kris's whiskey Andre kept at the wet bar was Tamer's favorite vodka, Kiki's rice wine, and Erik's diet soda.
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  • It has an increasing trade in iron, timber, coal and agricultural products, a trade which is fostered by a harbour opened in 1897; and also large factories for making aniline dyes and soda.
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  • Nitrate of soda, Peruvian guano and superphosphate of lime in the form of bones dissolved by sulphuric acid were now added to the list of manures, and the practice of analysing soils became more general.
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  • Of mineral constituents, whether used alone or in mixture with nitrogenous manures, phosphates are much more effective than mixtures of salts of potash, soda and magnesia.
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  • The nitric acid is most likely taken up chiefly as nitrate of lime, but probably as nitrate of potash also, and it is significant that the high nitrogen-yielding clover takes up, or at least retains, very little soda.
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  • Steamers ascend this river as far as Bilyutai, near the Mongolian frontier, and bring back tea, imported via Kiakhta, while grain, cedar nuts, salt, soda, wool and timber are shipped on rafts down the Khilok, Chikoi and Uda (tributaries of the Selenga), and manufactured goods are taken up the river for export to China.
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  • At the inception of the industry kerosene came into the market as a dark yellow or reddish-coloured liquid, and in the first instance, the removal of colour was attempted by treatment with soda lye and lime solution.
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  • The rationale of this treatment is not fully understood, but the action appears to consist in the separation or decomposition of the aromatic hydrocarbons, fatty and other acids, phenols, tarry bodies, &c., which lower the quality of the oil, the sulphuric acid removing some, while the caustic soda takes out the remainder, and neutralizes the acid which has been left in the oil.
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  • In a scientific definition the compounds of fatty acids with basic metallic oxides, lime, magnesia, lead oxide, &c., should also be included under soap; but, as these compounds are insoluble in water, while the very essence of a soap in its industrial relations is solubility, it is better to speak of the insoluble compounds as " plasters, " limiting the name " soap " as the compounds of fatty acids with soda and potash.
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  • The corresponding decomposition of a glyceride into an acid and glycerin takes place when the glyceride is distilled in superheated steam, or by boiling in water mixed with a suitable proportion of caustic potash or soda.
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  • Potash soap with the same reagent undergoes double decomposition - a proportion being changed into a soda soap with the formation of potassium chloride.
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  • All other soaps result from the combination' of fatty oils and fat with potash or soda solutions under conditions which favour saponification.
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  • Caustic soda is now obtained direct from the soda manufacturer, and one operation, causticizing the soda, is thus spared the soap-boiler.
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  • The process of manufacturing soaps by boiling fatty acids with caustic alkalis or sodium carbonate came into practice with the development of the manufacture of candles by saponifying fats, for it provided a means whereby the oleic acid, which is valueless for candle making, could be worked up. The combination is effected in open vats heated by a steam coil and provided with a stirring appliance; if soda ash be used it is necessary to guard against boiling over.
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  • A further means of enabling a soap to contain large proportions of water and yet present a firm consistence is found in the use of silicate of soda.
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  • There is no separation of underlyes in potash soap, consequently the product contains the whole constituents of the oils used, as the operation of salting out is quite impracticable owing to the double decomposition which results from the action of salt, producing thereby a hard principally soda soap with formation of potassium chloride.
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  • By reducing terephthalic acid with sodium amalgam, care being taken to neutralize the caustic soda simultaneously formed by passing in carbon dioxide, A" dihydroterephthalic acid is obtained; this results from the splitting of a Para-linkage.
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  • This acid is converted into the acid by soda, and into the Q2 tetrahydro acid by reduction.
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  • Treatment with casutic soda dissolves out aluminium hydroxide, which is reprecipitated by the addition of ammonium chloride.
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  • Salicylate of soda may occasionally be of use in cases of gallstone, owing to its action on the bile.
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  • Among the larger private establishments there existed in the same year seven breweries, one brandy distillery, two jam, two soap and candle factories, two building and furniture works, a factory for spinning thread, one iron and steel works, one paper and one ammonia and soda factory, and one mineral-oil refinery.
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  • In 1807 he decomposed potash and soda, previously considered to be elements, by passing the current from a powerful battery through the moistened solids, and thus isolated the metals potassium and sodium.
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  • Sometimes the excess is partially removed by boiling the finished goods with a solution of caustic soda, or some other solvent of sulphur.
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  • The vermilion-like pigment which occurs in commerce as "chromered" is a basic chromate, Pb2Cr05, prepared by treating recently precipitated normal chromate with a properly adjusted proportion of caustic soda, or by boiling it with normal (yellow) potassium chromate.
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  • Besides wool, leading imports are jute, cotton, flax, timber, petroleum, coal, pitch, wine, cereals, oil-seeds and oil-cake, nitrate of soda and other chemical products, and metals.
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  • Potash alum is the common alum of commerce, although both soda alum and ammonium alum are manufactured.
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  • In the puszta are numerous small lakes, named generally Feher To or White Lakes, because they evaporate in the summer leaving a white crust of soda on their bed.
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  • Its chief mineral products are coal, nitre, sulphur, alum, soda, saltpetre, gypsum, porcelain-earth, pipe-clay, asphalt, petroleum, marble and ores of gold, silver, mercury, copper, iron, lead, zinc, antimony, cobalt and arsenic. The principal mining regions are Zsepes-Giimor in Upper Hungary, the Kremnitz-Schemnitz district, the Nagybanya district, the Transylvanian deposits and the Banat.
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  • This acid, H 2 Sn0 3, is readily soluble in acids forming stannic salts, and in caustic potash and soda, with the formation of orthostannates.
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  • Of these sodium stannate, Na2Sn03, is produced industrially by heating tin with Chile saltpetre and caustic soda, or by fusing very finely powdered tinstone with caustic soda in iron vessels.
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  • It exports iodine and immense quantities of nitrate of soda obtained from the desert region of the province.
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  • The potash and soda is then gradually replaced by calcium to.
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  • The soda combination of the acid as obtained from the nasal cartilage of pigs had the composition C18H25Na2NS017.
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  • The essential materials of which these mixtures are made are, for English flint glass, sand, carbonate of potash and red lead; for plate and sheet glass, sand, carbonate or sulphate of soda.
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  • The older optical glasses, now generally known as the " ordinary " crown and flint glasses, are all of the nature of pure silicates, the basic constituents being, in the case of crown glasses, lime and soda or lime and potash, or a mixture of both, and in the case of flint glasses, lead and either (or both) soda and potash.
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  • A certain proportion of soda ash (carbonate of soda) is also used in some works in sheet-glass mixtures, while " decolorizers " (substances intended to remove or reduce the colour of the glass) are also sometimes added, those most generally used being manganese dioxide and arsenic. Another essential ingredient of all glass mixtures containing sulphate of soda is some form of carbon, which is added either as coke, charcoal or anthracite coal; the carbon so introduced aids the reducing substances contained in the atmosphere of the furnace in bringing about the reduction of the sulphate of soda to a condition in which it combines more readily with the silicic acid of the sand.
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  • For the highest quality of bottles, which are practically colourless, sand, limestone and sulphate and carbonate of soda are used.
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  • For the commoner grades of dark-coloured bottles the glass mixture is cheapened by substituting common salt for part of the sulphate of soda, and by the addition of felspar, granite, granulite, furnace slag and other substances fusible at a high temperature.
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  • The materials employed are sand, sulphate of soda, nitrate of soda, calcspar and in some works carbonate of barium.
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  • The fire may well have caused the natron, an impure form of carbonate of soda, to combine with the surrounding sand to form silicate of soda, which, although not a permanent glass, is sufficiently glass-like to suggest the x11.4 FIG.
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  • The invention, if it may be regarded as one, consisted in eliminating lime from the glass mixture, substituting refined potash for soda, and using a very large proportion of lead oxide.
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  • Of metals not decomposing liquid pure water, only a few dissolve in aqueous caustic potash or soda, with evolution of hydrogen.
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  • Yet tons of caustic soda are fused daily in chemical works in iron pots without thereby suffering contamination, which seems to show that (clean) iron, like gold and silver, is attacked only by the joint action of fused alkali and air, the influence of the latter being of course minimized in large-scale operations.
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  • The fractions are agitated with strong sulphuric acid, and then washed with a caustic soda solution.
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  • At the present day, thanks to the careful study of many years, the improvements of cultivation, the careful selection of seed and suitable manuring, especially with nitrate of soda, the average beet worked up contains 7% of fibre and 93% of juice, and yields in Germany 12.79% and in France 11.6% of its weight in sugar.
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  • The sulphur exists in the soil chiefly in the form of sulphates of magnesium, calcium and other metals; the phosphorus mainly as phosphates of calcium, magnesium and iron; the potash, soda and other bases as silicates and nitrates; calcium and magnesium carbonates are also common constituents of many soils.
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  • In the ordinary chemical analyses of the soil determinations are made of the nitrogen and various carbonates present as well as of the amount of phosphoric acid, potash, soda, magnesia and other components soluble in strong hydrochloric acid.
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  • It has been found by experiment that the nitrogen needed by practically all farm crops except leguminous ones is best supplied in the form of a nitrate; the rapid effect of nitrate of soda when used' as a top dressing to wheat or other plants is well known to farmers..
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  • Zinc is also soluble in soda and potash solutions, but not in ammonia.
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  • Rejecting the old notion that plants derive their nourishment from humus, he taught that they get carbon and nitrogen from the carbon dioxide and ammonia present in the atmosphere, these compounds being returned by them to the atmosphere by the processes of putrefaction and fermentation - which latter he regarded as essentially chemical in nature - while their potash, soda, lime, sulphur, phosphorus, &c., come from the soil.
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  • When an alkaline chloride, say sodium chloride, is electrolysed with one electrode immersed in a porous cell, while caustic soda is formed at the cathode, chlorine is deposited at the anode.
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  • The chlorine reacts with the caustic soda, forming sodium hypochlorite, and this in turn, with an excess of chlorine and at higher temperatures, becomes for the most part converted into chlorate, whilst any simultaneous electrolysis of a hydroxide or water and a chloride (so that hydroxyl and chlorine are simultaneously liberated at the anode) also produces oxygen-chlorine compounds direct.
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  • Kellner, who in 1886 patented the use of cathode (caustic soda) and anode (chlorine) liquors in the manufacture of cellulose from wood-fibre, and has since evolved many similar processes, has produced an apparatus that has been largely used.
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  • The exports include copper and silver and their ores, nitrate of soda, borax, guano and other minerals in small quantities.
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  • In this process cellulose (in the form of sawdust) is made into a stiff paste with a mixture of strong caustic potash and soda solution and heated in flat iron pans to 20o-250 C. The somewhat dark-coloured mass is lixiviated with a small amount of warm water in order to remove excess of alkali, the residual alkaline oxalates converted into insoluble calcium oxalate by boiling with milk of lime, the lime salt separated, and decomposed by means of sulphuric acid.
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  • An alternative method consists in converting it into ethyl benzoate by shaking with benzoyl chloride and caustic soda.
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  • Calcination in reverberatory furnaces and a subsequent smelting in the same type of furnace with the addition of about 3% of coal, lime, soda and fluorspar, has been adopted for treating the Bolivian ores, which generally contain the sulphides of bismuth, copper, iron, antimony, lead and a little silver.
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  • The bottle is carefully cleansed by washing with soda, hydrochloric acid and distilled water, and then dried by heating in an air bath or by blowing in warm air.
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  • For the processes of the paper manufacturer esparto is used in the dry state, and without cutting; roots and flowers and stray weeds are first removed, and the material is then boiled with caustic soda, washed, and bleached with chlorine solution.
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  • A purified specimen of such Debreczin soda was found to contain as much as 90% of real carbonate, NaCO 3, and 4 of common salt.
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  • Hydrated sulphates occur at several localities in the province of Madrid and in other provinces of Spain, and at Miihlingen in Aargau, and copious deposits of glauberite, the double sulphate of sodium and calcium, are met with in the salt-mines of Villarrubia in Spain, at Stassfurt, and in the province of Tarapaca, Chile, &c. A native nitrate of soda is obtained in great abundance in the district of Atacama and the province of Tarapaca, and is imported into Europe in enormous quantities as cubic nitre for the preparation of saltpetre.
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  • Davy obtained it by electrolysing caustic soda.
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  • This method was followed by that proposed by Gay-Lussac and Thenard, who decomposed molten caustic soda with red-hot iron; and this in turn was succeeded by Brunner's process of igniting sodium carbonate with charcoal.
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  • In 1886, however, Castner replaced the carbonate by caustic soda, and materially cheapened the cost of production; but this method was discarded for an electrolytic one, patented by Castner in 1890.
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  • In Castner's process (as employed at Oldbury and Niagara Falls and in Germany) fused caustic soda is electrolysed.
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  • The apparatus described in the patent specification is an iron cylinder heated by gas rings below, with a narrower cylinder beneath, through which passes upwards a stout iron cathode rod cemented in place by caustic soda solidified in the narrower vessel.
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  • Heated in a current of carbon dioxide sodamide yields caustic soda and cyanamide, and with nitrous oxide it gives sodium azoimide; it deflagrates with lead or silver nitrate and explodes with potassium chlorate.
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  • It burns when heated in dry air, and ignites in moist air; it is decomposed by water, giving caustic soda and hydrogen.
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  • When dissolved in water it yields some NaOH and H202; on crystallizing a cold 'solution Na202.8H20 separates as large tabular hexagonal crystals, which on drying over sulphuric acid give Na 2 0 2.2H 2 0; the former is also obtained by precipitating a mixture of caustic soda and hydrogen peroxide solutions with alcohol.
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  • Sodium sulphide, Na 2 S, obtained by saturating a caustic soda solution with sulphuretted hydrogen and adding an equivalent of alkali, is employed in the manufacture of soluble soda glass.
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  • The manufacture of sodium carbonate, commonly called soda, is treated under Alkali Manufacture.
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  • Common washing soda or soda-crystals is the decahydrate, Na2C03 IoH 2 O, which appears as large clear monoclinic crystals.
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  • The acid carbonate or bicarbonate of soda, NaHCO 3, is produced in the ammonia-soda process for alkali manufacture.
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  • Of the sodium silicates the most important is the mixture known as soluble soda glass formed by calcining a mixture of white sand, soda-ash and charcoal, or by dissolving silica in hot caustic soda under pressure.
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  • Poisoning by caustic soda is rare, but occasionally it takes place by swallowing soap lees (sodium carbonate), which may contain some impurities of caustic soda.
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  • Effervescent soda water is a mild gastric sedative.
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  • Soda tartarate is purgative and diuretic, as is the citro-tartarate.
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  • Carbon dioxide finds industrial application in the preparation of soda by the Solvay process, in the sugar industry, in the manufacture of mineral waters, and in the artificial production of ice.
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  • Most of the carbonate which now occurs in commerce is made from the chloride of the Stassfurt beds by an adaptation of the "Leblanc process" for the conversion of common salt into soda ash (see Alkali Manufacture).
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  • Besides the above, the mineral resources of Mexico include coal, petroleum, asphalt, platinum, graphite, soda and marble.
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  • A later method consists in boiling the weed with sodium carbonate; the liquid is filtered and hydrochloric acid added to the filtrate, when alginic acid is precipitated; this is also filtered off, the filtrate neutralized by caustic soda, and the whole evaporated to dryness and carbonized, the residue obtained being known as kelp substitute.
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  • The solution is evaporated, separated from potassium nitrate, the free acid neutralized with soda, and the solution concentrated.
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  • When the reaction is complete the acid is neutralized with soda, and the phenyl methyl pyrazolone extracted with ether and distilled in vacuo.
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  • The residue is treated with a warm concentrated solution of soda, and the oil which separates is removed by shaking with benzene.
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  • They may be extracted by exhausting the plant-tissues with a dilute acid, and precipitating the bases with potash, soda, lime or magnesia.
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  • He should keep his bowels regular, or even loose, taking every morning a dose of sulphate of soda in a glass of hot water.
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  • It is doubtful if drugs have any direct influence upon gall-stones, such as sulphate of soda, olive oil or oleate of soda.
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  • Mitscherlich in 1834, may be prepared by reducing nitrobenzene in alcoholic solution with zinc dust and caustic soda; by the condensation of nitrosobenzene with aniline in hot glacial acetic acid solution; or by the oxidation of aniline with sodium hypobromite.
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  • Magnesium hydroxide Mg(OH) 2, occurs native as the minerals brucite and nemalite, and is prepared by precipitating solutions of magnesium salts by means of caustic soda or potash.
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  • Like the other provinces of this region, Antofagasta produces for export copper, silver, silver ores, lead, nitrate of soda, borax and salt.
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  • Some, such as victoria stone, imperial stone and others, are hardened and rendered non-porous after manufacture by immersion in a solution of silicate of soda.
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  • Among the city's manufactures are flour, planing-mill products, malt liquors, soda and farming implements.
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  • Seeing that sodium was the only possible reducing agent, he set himself to cheapen its cost, and deliberately rejecting sodium carbonate for the more expensive sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), and replacing carbon by a mixture of iron and carbon - the so-called carbide of iron - he invented the highly scientific method of winning the alkali metal which has remained in existence almost to the present day.
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  • The filtrate, now containing roughly two molecules of alumina to one of soda, is concentrated to the original gravity of 1.45, and employed instead of fresh caustic for the attack of more bauxite; the precipitate is then collected, washed till free from soda, dried and ignited at about looo C. to convert it into a crystalline oxide which is less hygroscopic than the former amorphous variety.
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  • The most commonly used nitrogenous manures are nitrate of soda, nitrate of potash and sulphate of ammonia, the prices of which are constantly fluctuating.
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  • Potash and soda are also valuable inorganic manures in the form of carbonates, sulphates, silicates and phosphates, but the most valuable is the nitrate of potash.
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  • On this account the salts of soda are of less importance than those of potash.
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  • Its springs of soda and iron belong to the class of weak compound carbonated soda waters.
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  • When prepared by the action of metals on bases, zinc or aluminium and caustic soda or caustic potash are used.
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  • Hydrogen may also be obtained by the action of zinc on ammonium salts (the nitrate excepted) (Lorin, Comptes rendus, 1865, 60, p. 745) and by heating the alkali formates or oxalates with caustic potash or soda, Na2C204+2NaOH = H 2 +2Na 2 CO 3.
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  • The pyroxenes may be pale green diopside, dark green aegirine-augite, or blackish green aegirine (soda iron pyroxene), and in many cases are complex, the outer portions being aegirine while the centre is diopside.
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  • In his researches on the bleaching compounds of chlorine he was the first to advance the view that bleaching-powder is a double compound of calcium chloride and hypochlorite; and he devoted much time to the problem of economically obtaining soda and potash from seawater, though here his efforts were nullified by the discovery of the much richer sources of supply afforded by the Stassfurt deposits.
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  • Carbonate of soda solution dissolves it pretty freely.
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  • In this reaction urea is heated in a dry tube until it gives off ammonia freely; the residue is dissolved in water, made alkaline with caustic soda, and a drop of copper sulphate solution is added, when a fine violet-red coloration is produced.
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  • With silver nitrate and caustic soda it yields a silver salt, Ag2C 2 H 3 N 3 0 2.
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  • He was the inventor of the smooth bore gun which bore his name, but was from its shape familiarly known as "the soda water bottle."
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  • By the addition of caustic soda to cerous salts, a white precipitate of cerous hydroxide is formed.
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  • Teall has found to be a soda orthoclase.
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  • The word " alkali " denotes both soda and potash, but by "alkali manufacture" we understand merely the manufacture of sodium sulphate, carbonate and hydrate.
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  • Care must be taken to heat it no longer than necessary, as it otherwise turns red and yields bad soda.
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  • The lixiviation of the blackash requires great care, as the calcium sulphide is liable to be changed into soluble calcium compounds, which immediately react with sodium carbonate and destroy a corresponding quantity of the latter, rendering the soda weaker and impure.
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  • Tepid water is run in at one end of the series, where nearly exhausted black-ash is present; the weak liquor takes up more soda from the intermediate tanks and at last gets up to full strength in the last tank, charged with fresh black-ash and kept at a higher temperature, viz.
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  • It is not easy to make it stronger than 92% of sodium carbonate, which is technically expressed as " 52 degrees of available soda " (see next page).
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  • The last mentioned is the best but costliest method, and is employed only in the manufacture of the highest strengths of caustic soda.
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  • Soda-ash (as well as caustic soda) is sold by degrees of " available soda."
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  • We shall therefore in this place describe the manufacture of caustic soda.
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  • At the best about 92% of the sodium carbonate can be converted into caustic soda, 8% remaining unchanged.
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  • The washed-out calcium carbonate, which always contains much calcium hydrate and 2 or 3% of soda in various forms, usually goes back to the black-ash furnaces, but it cannot be always used up in this way, and what remains is thrown upon a heap outside the works.
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  • The clear caustic soda liquor must be concentrated in such a way that the caustic soda cannot to any great extent be reconverted into sodium carbonate, and that the " salts " which it contains, sodium carbonate, sulphate, chloride, &c., can be separated during the process.
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  • Before the mass has reached that point the sulphides still present have been destroyed, either by the addition of solid nitrate of soda or by blowing air through the red-hot melt.
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  • Most of the caustic soda is sold at a strength of 70 degrees, sometimes as low as 60 degrees.
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  • Caustic soda is used in very large quantities in the manufacture of soap, paper, textile fabrics, alizarin and other colouring matters, and for many other purposes.
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  • In France the crystallization of soda is performed not in large tanks but in sheet-iron dishes holding only about 4 cwt., and requires only from 27 to 48 hours in the cool season; it is not carried on at all in warmer climates during the summer months.
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  • Although the soda-crystals contain the alkali conbined with such a large quantity of water, they are made in large quantities, because their form, together with their complete freedom from caustic soda, makes them very suitable for domestic purposes.
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  • Formerly bicarbonate of soda was made from Leblanc sodacrystals by the action of carbonic acid, but this article is now almost exclusively made in the ammonia-soda process.
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  • The only way in which the Leblanc process could still hold its own was by being turned in the direction of making caustic soda, to which it lends itself more easily than the ammonia-soda process; but the latter has invaded even this field.
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  • Only more recently the manufacture of caustic soda by electrolysis has also been established as a permanent and paying industry, but as the greatest secrecy is maintained in everything belonging to this domain, and as neither patent specifications nor the sanguine assertions and anticipations of interested persons throw much real light on the actual facts of the case, nothing certain can be said either in regard to the date at which the profitable manufacture of caustic soda was first carried out by electrolysis, or as to what extent this is the case at the present moment.
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  • The alkaline liquid is now transferred to vacuum pans, constructed in such a manner that the unchanged chloride, which " salts out " during the concentration, can be removed without disturbing the vacuum, and here at last a concentrated pure solution of KOH or NaOH is obtained which is sold in this state, or " finished " as solid caustic in the manner described in the section treating of the Leblanc soda.
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  • After a certain time the whole is rocked towards the other side, and the process is continued until the outer compartments contain a strong solution of caustic soda, free from chloride and hypochlorite.
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  • The intermediate layer of the salt solution, floating over the caustic soda solution, plays the part of a diaphragm, by preventing the chlorine evolved in the bell from acting on the sodium hydrate formed outside, and this solution offers much less resistance to the electric current than the ordinary diaphragms. This process therefore consumes less power than most others.
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  • The latter dissolves the sodium as it is formed and carries it to an outer compartment where by the action of water the sodium is converted into caustic soda, while the lead returns to the inner compartment.
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  • The largest occurrence of natural soda hitherto known is that in 'Owen's Lake and other salt lakes situated in eastern California.
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  • Hence, although for many centuries (up to Leblanc's invention) hardly any soda was available except from this source, and although we now know that millions of tons of it exist, especially in the west of the United States, there is as yet very little of it practically employed, and that only locally.
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  • Perkin; the method being to sulphonate anthraquinone, and then to convert the sulphonic acid into its sodium salt and fuse this with caustic soda.
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  • This is filtered, washed, and then fused with caustic soda, when the sulpho-group is replaced by a hydroxyl group, and a second hydroxyl group is simultaneously formed; in order to render the formation of this second group easier, a little potassium chlorate or sodium nitrate is added to the reaction mixture.
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  • On boiling with aqueous caustic soda, it yields ortho-nitrophenol.
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  • Other industries are the making of chemicals, ironware, soda and haircloth.
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  • His services to industry included his improvements in the processes for the manufacture of sulphuric acid (1818) and oxalic acid (1829); methods of estimating the amount of real alkali in potash and soda by the volume of standard acid required for neutralization, and for estimating the available chlorine in bleaching powder by a solution of arsenious acid; directions for the use of the centesimal alcoholometer published in 1824 and specially commended by the Institute; and the elaboration of a method of assaying silver by a standard solution of common salt, a volume on which was published in 1833.
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  • Enormous quantities of borax, already exploited, and of nitrate of soda, are known to be present in the surrounding country, the former as almost pure borate of lime in Tertiary lake sediments.
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  • It belongs to the desert region of the Pacific coast, and is valuable because of its deposits of nitrate of soda and some undeveloped mineral resources.
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  • In the form of a powder, it is obtained by reducing the oxide with zinc and extracting with soda, or by dissolving out the manganese from its alloys with tungsten.
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  • The most important tungstate is the so-called tungstate of soda, which is sodium paratungstate, NaloW12041.28H20.
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  • Owing to the reduction in the supply of available hydrochloric acid (on account of the increasing use of the "ammonia-soda" process in place of the "Leblanc" process for the manufacture of soda) Weldon tried to adapt the former to the production of chlorine or hydrochloric acid.
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  • More recently, owing to the production of caustic soda by electrolytic methods, much chlorine has consequently been produced in the same manner (see Alkali Manufacture).
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  • A solution of sodium hypochlorite (Eau de Javel), which can be prepared by passing chlorine into a cold aqueous solution of caustic soda, has been extensively used for bleaching purposes.
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  • The water is bitter and undrinkable, being largely impregnated with carbonate and sulphate of soda with some borax.
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  • Fishing and the manufacture of soda are the chief industries with which the town is connected.
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  • About 1839, on the recommendation of Graham, whom in 1837 he had accompanied to University College, London, he was appointed chemist at James Muspratt's alkali works in Lancashire; in connexion with alkali he showed that cast-iron vessels could be satisfactorily substituted for silver in the manufacture of caustic soda, and worked out improvements in the production of chlorate of potash.
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  • In repeating and extending the experiments of Haiiy much later, Sir David Brewster discovered that various artificial salts were pyro-electric, and he mentions the tartrates of potash and soda and tartaric acid as exhibiting this property in a very strong degree.
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  • In 1806 Davy communicated to the Royal Society of London a celebrated paper on some " Chemical Agencies of Electricity," and after providing himself at the Royal Institution of London with a battery of several hundred cells, he announced in 1807 his great discovery of the electrolytic decomposition of the alkalis, potash and soda, obtaining therefrom the metals potassium and sodium.
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  • The production of aluminium in Switzerland and Scotland, carborundum and calcium carbide in the United States, and soda by the Castner-Kellner process, began to be conducted on an immense scale.
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  • Claussen's process consisted in steeping flax fibre or tow for twenty-four hours in a weak solution of caustic soda, next boiling it for about two hours in a similar solution, and then saturating it in a solution containing 5% of carbonate of soda, after which it was immersed in a vat containing water acidulated with z% of sulphuric acid.
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  • The action of the acid on the carbonate of soda with which the fibre was impregnated caused the fibre to split up into a fine cotton-like mass, which it was intended to manufacture in the same manner as cotton.
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  • The choice of sulphuric or hydrochloric acid depends mainly upon the cost, both acting with about the same rapidity; thus if a Leblanc soda factory is near at hand, then hydrochloric acid would most certainly be employed.
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  • A hydrated cuprous oxide, (4Cu 2 O, H 2 0), is obtained as a bright yellow powder, when cuprous chloride is treated with potash or soda.
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  • The principal exports are gold, silver, copper (bars, regulus and ores), cobalt and its ores, lead and its ores, vanadium ores, manganese, coal, nitrate of soda, borate of lime, iodine, sulphur, wheat and guano.
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  • Nitrate of soda forms from 70 to 75% of the exports, and the royalty received from it is the principal source of national revenue, yielding about £4,000,000 per annum.
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  • Among the non-metallic minerals are nitrate of soda, borate of lime, coal, salt and sulphur, together with various products derived from these minerals, such as iodine, sulphuric acid, &c. Guano is classed among the mineral products and still figures as an export, though the richest Chilean deposits were exhausted long before the war with Peru.
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  • Of non-metallic products nitrate of soda is by far the most important.
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  • Borate of lime also furnishes another important export, though a less valuable one than nitrate of soda.
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  • Nitrate of soda is estimated in Chilean quintals (101.41 lb) in the field, and metric quintals (220.46 lb) at the port of shipment.
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  • It is prepared by boiling the needles in a solution of soda to remove the resin, which process loosens the fibre and renders its separation easy; it has some resemblance to coarse wool, and is spun and woven into blankets and garments that are said to be warm and durable; it is also used for stuffing cushions; an essential oil, obtained by a previous distillation of the leaves, has medicinal virtues attributed to it by some German practitioners.
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  • When the secretion of gastric juice is deficient it may be excited by gastric tonics, such as ten grains of bicarbonate of soda and a drachm of compound tincture of gentian in water shortly before meals, and may be supplemented by the administration of pepsin and hydrochloric acid after meals.
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  • Amongst the best of these are carbolic acid in doses of one or two grains, creosote in one or two drops, and sulpho-carbolate of soda in doses of ten grains.
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  • In health most of the nitrogenous waste in the body is eliminated as urea, but in gout uric acid is either formed in too great quantity or too little is eliminated, so that it tends to be deposited as urate of soda in the joints and other tissues.
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  • During an attack of acute gout nothing relieves so much as colchicum, but during the intervals potash or lithia salts taken in water are advisable, as tending to prevent the deposits of urate of soda.
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  • In acute attacks of rheumatism the remedy par excellence is salicylate of soda, which reduces the temperature, relieves the pain, and removes the swellings from the joints.
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  • In chronic rheumatism the chief remedies are salicylate of soda, and its allies iodide of potassium, guaiacum and sulphur, while massage, liniments and baths are beneficial as local applications.
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  • Amongst the most celebrated saline waters are those of Carlsbad, which contain sulphate of soda and bicarbonate of soda.
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  • Borax is also prepared from the naturally occurring calcium borate, which is mixed in a finely divided condition with the requisite quantity of soda ash; the mixture is fused, extracted with water and concentrated until the solution commences to crystallize.
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  • Gypsum, bone-dust, superphosphate of lime and nitrate of soda may also be used, and wood ashes are advantageous if the soil contains much vegetable matter; but the best results are usually obtained when farmyard manure is supplemented by artificials, not by using artificials alone.
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  • After oxidation, the product is reduced by heating with carbon, care being taken to prevent any loss through volatilization, by covering the mass with a layer of some protective substance such as potash, soda or glauber salt, which also aids the refining.
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  • The amorphous variety may be obtained from the crystalline form by dissolving it in caustic potash or soda or in solutions of alkaline sulphides, and precipitating the hot solution by dilute sulphuric acid.
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  • It is a busy railway junction, and its inhabitants are engaged in agriculture, wine-growing and the manufacture of soda, matches and saltpetre.
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  • A convenient wet method for small quantities is to boil the recently precipitated chloride (which must have been produced and washed in the cold) with caustic soda and just enough sugar to reduce the silver oxide (Ag 2 O) transitorily produced.
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  • The silver in this case is obtained as a yellowish grey heavy powder, which is easily washed by decantation; but it' tends to retain unreduced chloride, which can be removed only by fusion with carbonate of soda.
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  • The lake bed is for the most part clear sand along the margin, and in deeper water is largely coated with crusts of salt, soda and gypsum.
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  • About 1787 he was attracted to the urgent problem of manufacturing carbonate of soda from ordinary sea-salt.
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  • The suggestion made in 1789 by Jean Claude de la Metherie (1743-1817), the editor of the Journal de physique, that this might be done by calcining with charcoal the sulphate of soda formed from salt by the action of oil of vitriol, did not succeed in practice because the product was almost entirely sulphide of soda, but it gave Le Blanc, as he himself acknowledged, a basis upon which to work.
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  • He soon made the crucial discovery - which proved the foundation of the huge industry of artificial alkali manufacture - that the desired end was to be attained by adding a proportion of chalk to the mixture of charcoal and sulphate of soda.
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  • This method is to exhaust the powdered bark with water acidulated with hydrochloric acid and then to precipitate the alkaloids by caustic soda.
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  • Homoquinine is decomposed on treatment with caustic soda into quinine and a new alkaloid, cupreine, in the proportion of 2 to 3.
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  • Cupreine is soluble in a solution of caustic soda (differing in this respect from quinine), and therefore it is easy to prepare sulphate of quinine perfectly free from either homoquinine or cupreine.
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  • Another important part of the cure is the so-called moor or mud-baths, prepared from the peat of the Franzensbad marsh, which is very rich in mineral substances, like sulphates of iron, of soda and of potash, organic acids, salt, &c.
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  • The product is ground under water, and any unchanged yellow form is eliminated by boiling with caustic soda, the product being then washed and dried and finally packed in tin boxes.
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  • The reaction mixture on treatment with water yields the primary phosphine, the secondary phosphine being then liberated from its hydriodide by caustic soda.
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  • The a-propyl piperidine so obtained is the inactive (racemic) form of conine, and it can be resolved into the dextroand laevo-varieties by means of dextro-tartaric acid, the d-conine d-tartrate with caustic soda giving d-conine closely resembling the naturally occurring alkaloid.
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  • There is some roofing slate along the Rogue river, natural cement, nickel ore, bismuth and wolframite in Douglas county, gypsum in Baker county, fire-clay in Clatsop county, borate of soda on the marsh lands of Harney county, infusorial earth and tripoli in the valley of the Deschutes river, chromate of iron in Curry and Douglas counties, molybdenite in Union county, bauxite in Clackamas county, borate of lime in Curry county, manganese ore in Columbia county, and asbestos in several of the southern and eastern counties.
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  • Quinaldine may also be obtained by condensing ortho-aminobenzaldehyde with acetone in presence of caustic soda (P. Friedlander, loc. cit.).
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  • The supply of the nitric acid required to make up this loss is obtained in England by "potting" that is, by decomposing solid nitrate of soda by sulphuric acid in a flue between the pyrites burners and the chambers.
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  • This, for instance, holds good of the acid employed in the manufacture of sulphate of soda and hydrochloric acid from common salt, and in the manufacture of superphosphates.
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  • Owing to its position on two important railways, Alcazar has a flourishing transit-trade in the wines of Estremadura and Andalusia; the soda and alkali of La Mancha are used in the manufacture of soap; and gunpowder, chocolate and inlaid daggers are also made here.
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  • The A' acid is formed by the direct reduction of terephthalic acid; by boiling the 2 acid with caustic soda; and by the reduction (in the heat) of A I.
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  • The 2' acid is formed when phthalic acid is reduced in the cold by sodium amalgam or by heating the A 2 ' 4 and A 3 " acids with caustic soda.
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  • On warming with caustic soda it is converted into the A 1 ' 4 acid.
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  • On boiling with caustic soda it isomerizes to the corresponding I-acid.
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  • Cyanogen compounds also are present in the gas, and in large works, where the total quantity is sufficient, their extraction is effected for the production of either prussiate or cyanide of soda.
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  • Ferrous hydrate, Fe(OH)2, when prepared from a pure ferrous salt and caustic soda or potash free from air, is a white powder which may be preserved in an atmosphere of hydrogen.
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  • When fused with caustic soda, hydrogen is liberated and a vanadate is formed.
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  • When combined with potash or soda it is used to saturate flypapers, and strong solutions can be obtained by soaking these in water; this fact has also been used with criminal intent.
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  • Of polarimeters for the study of rotary polarization there are three principal forms. In Wild's polaristrobometer, light from a soda flame, rendered parallel by a lens, is polarized by a Nicol's prism, and after traversing the space into which the active substance is to be inserted, falls on a Savart's plate placed in front of an astronomical telescope of low power, that contains in its eyepiece a Nicol's prism, which with the plate forms a Savart's analyser.
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  • Soda light, first sifted by passage through a plate of potassium bichromate, traverses in succession a lens, a Nicol's prism, and a glass plate half covered with a half-wave plate of quartz, that is cut parallel to the optic axis and has its principal section inclined at a small angle to that of the prism.
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  • In England hunters and carriage horses are generally fed on natural hay, in Scotland on Timothy, largely imported from Canada, or ryegrass hay that has not been grown with nitrate of soda.
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  • Detroit is probably the largest manufacturer in the country of freight cars, stoves, pharmaceutical preparations, varnish, soda ash and similar alkaline products.
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  • Purification by means of strong caustic soda was first recommended as a general process by Louis C. Arthur Barreswil, his suggestion being to heat the oil and add 2% to 3% of caustic soda.
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  • In most cases the purification consisted in removing the free fatty acids from rancid oils and fats, the caustic soda forming a soap with the fatty acids, which would either rise as a scum and lift up with it impurities, or fall to the bottom and carry down impurities.
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  • After the treatment with sulphuric acid or caustic soda, the oils must be washed to remove the last traces of chemicals.
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  • Caustic potash and caustic soda are locally very irritating, and destroy the tissues, but lose this quality when combined with acids as in the case of their carbonates, bicarbonates and borax.
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  • Some clays, however, such as fireclays, contain very little potash or soda, while they are rich in alumina; and it is a fair inference that hydrated aluminous silicates, such as kaolin, are well represented in these rocks.
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  • To obtain the free acid it is best to dissolve the diazohippuramide in dilute soda, warm the solution to ensure the formation of the sodium salt, and distil the resulting liquid with dilute sulphuric acid.
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  • An acid to lower, or soda ash to increase.
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  • Last of all, dissolve the bicarbonate of soda in 1 tablespoonful of cold water.
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  • Remove from heat and add the bicarbonate of soda.
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  • Add the bourbon, then top up with soda.
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  • Delve inside Criss Angel Masterminds as Criss and Wayne demonstrate the play-by-play breakdown for you to perform the Coin Through Soda Can.
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  • Stop the itch Carry a 35mm film canister with you filled with baking soda.
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  • Another option would be to process chemically using caustic soda.
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  • The favors consisted of an old fashioned ice cream soda glass filled with your candy.
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  • The rich birdlife includes flamingoes which are attracted by the soda content in Lake Magadi on the crater floor.
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  • In the wild, greater flamingoes breed in very large numbers on salt or soda lakes. often there are thousands of birds.
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  • The place is a general store and restaurant combined with a coffeehouse and soda fountain and serves the most.. .
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  • Note that it must never be used in the presence of soda lime.
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  • The Original Bottle Cap lure Company Beer, soda & custom printed bottle cap fishing lures.
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  • Another popular dish is Irish soda bread and potato pancakes.
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  • In the corner is a counter where patrons can buy popcorn, candy, and soda.
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  • Thence till three, we labored with mustard poultices, laudanum, soda and ginger - Heavens!
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  • No, I had a red wine, she had a Campari and soda.
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  • The survey reveals that the average American drinks 1.9 eight ounce servings of soda per day and 1.2 eight ounce servings of milk.
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  • An unplanned shutdown of Penrice's Osborne soda ash plant in July/05 also cost the company AUD 750,000.
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  • Last night I spent $ 8 on lunch and a strawberry smoothie and $ 3 on a club soda at the dive bar.
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  • Most people tell you to hand wash the fleece in the bath with mild soap or soda crystals.
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  • Try adding some vinegar in the water or baking soda - these will usually get rid of odors.
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  • If the birds do not wash the soda off their feathers then it can collect and prevent them from flying.
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  • I will take you from drinking soda out of mugs.
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  • Can I get a soda, a cola, something like that?
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  • Organic cotton still requires caustic soda to remove the wax.
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  • Kel accidentally spills a drop of orange soda on it.
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  • The youngsters made their own volcanoes with bicarbonate soda and vinegar and found out about what happened in Montserrat.
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  • Take 3 lb bag of ordinary washing soda, throw in machine, do full hot wash.
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  • Testarossa 5cl vodka 5cl Campari dash soda water Pour ingredients into an old-fashioned glass filled with ice.
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  • For a treat, serve the guests green sherbet with cream soda or ginger ale.
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  • I went to get a diet soda pop from a small refrigerator near the laundry room.
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  • Mix the bicarbonate of soda, nutmeg, mixed spice into the flour turning well.
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  • Try adding soda water to white wine to make a light and refreshing spritzer.
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  • Bland foods, like crackers, slippery elm food and soda water are easier on queasy stomachs.
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  • All her work is raw glazed, slip-decorated stoneware which, once fired is soda glazed with sodium compounds other than salt.
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  • Once the glue is cured, the caustic soda becomes superfluous.
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  • His turquoise glazes are obtained by using barium carbonate mixed with soda, feldspar and nepheline syenite.
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  • Then he opened the tailgate of the truck and they ate sandwiches and pickles and drank soda pop.
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  • In the early days of the sanctions, dual use items included everything from baking soda to truck tires.
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  • If you are not in the habit of swallowing toothpaste, the use of baking soda has benefits.
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  • Then add vanilla, coffee & bicarbonate of soda, leave to one side.
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  • Americano 3cl Campari 3cl sweet vermouth soda water Pour the sweet vermouth soda water Pour the sweet vermouth, then the Campari into a highball filled with ice.
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  • Thus 5 parts by weight of soda, 7 of potash and 3.5 of quicklime will each neutralize 4.56 parts of hydrochloric acid or 7.875 of nitric or 6.125 parts of sulphuric acid; these weights, in fact, are mutually equivalent to one another.
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  • When heated with hydriodic acid and phosphorus, it yields n-valeric acid; and with iodine and caustic soda solution it gives iodoform, even in the cold.
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  • The ring of this compound is ruptured by caustic soda with the formation of perchlorvinyl acrylic acid (5), which gives on reduction ethidine propionic acid (6), a compound containing five of the carbon atoms originally in the benzene ring (see Zincke, Ber., 18 94, 27, p. 33 6 4) (the carbon atoms are omitted in some of the formulae).
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  • To remove it, Oxland fuses the ore with a certain proportion of carbonate of soda, which suffices to convert the tungsten into soluble alkaline tungstate, without producing noteworthy quantities of soluble stannate from the oxide of tin; the tungstate is easily removed by treatment with water.
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  • Among the land plants may be noted the blue anemone; the ranunculus along the road-sides, with a strong perfume of violets; the Malta heath, which flowers at all seasons; Cynomorium coccineum, the curious " Malta fungus," formerly so valued for medicinal purposes that a guard was set for its preservation under the rule of the Knights; the pheasant's-eye; three species of mallow and geranium; Oxalis cernua, a very troublesome imported weed; Lotus edulis; Scorpiurus subvillosa, wild and cultivated as forage; two species of the horseshoe-vetch; the opium poppy; the yellow and claret-coloured poppy; wild rose; Cartaegus azarolus, of which the fruit is delicious preserved; the ice-plant; squirting cucumber; many species of Umbelliferae; Labiatae, to which the spicy flavour of the honey (equal to that of Mt Hymettus) is ascribed; snapdragons; broom-rape; glass-wort; Salsola soda, which produces when burnt a considerable amount of alkali; there are fifteen species of orchids; the gladiolus and iris are also found; Urginia scilla, the medicinal squill, abounds with its large bulbous roots near the sea; seventeen species of sedges and seventy-seven grasses have been recorded.
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  • It is prepared commercially from anthracene by stirring a sludge of anthracene and water in horizontal cylinders with a mixture of sodium bichromate and caustic soda.
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  • An oxysulphide, 2CaS CaO, is sometimes present in "soda - waste," and orangecoloured, acicular crystals of 4CaS CaSO 4.18H 2 O occasionally settle out on the long standing of oxidized "sodaor alkali-waste" (see Alkali Manufacture).
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  • The hydroxide or caustic soda, NaOH, is usually manufactured from the carbonate or by electrolysis of salt solution (see Alkali Manufacture).
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  • Sodium sulphate, Na2S04, known in the hydrated condition (with ioH 2 O) as Glauber's salt, is manufactured in large quantities for conversion into the carbonate or soda (see Alkali Manufacture).
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  • Mohr, Ber., 18 9 8, 3 1, p. 2 493), or by the action of bromine and caustic soda on the amide of nicotinic acid (F.
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  • Potassium bichromate, K 2 Cr 2 0 7, is obtained by fusing chrome ironstone with soda ash and lime (see above), the calcium chromate formed in the process being decomposed by a hot solution of potassium sulphate.
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  • An unplanned shutdown of Penrice 's Osborne soda ash plant in July/05 also cost the company AUD 750,000.
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  • Add the caustic soda and continue to simmer until the mixture becomes honey colored.
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  • This is the drink used in " soda siphons " - which I suppose is fairly obvious.
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  • However, compared to November 2005, soda ash exports in December were down by 15.5 %.
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  • The tube is composed of soda lime glass, which is known for compatibility with living tissue.
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  • You could try a quicker recipe, such as Irish soda bread, or a single rise loaf.
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  • Books are stacked on the bygone soda fountain counter and on the round stools.
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  • The baker had someone asking for soda bread and another for spelled bread, both of which he can make.
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  • He raged and then crushed an empty soda can under his big foot before he stomped out of the room.
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  • Dissolve the bicarbonate of soda in a little water and add to the melted golden syrup mixture.
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  • A level teaspoon of bicarbonate of soda dissolved in some water should be drunk on an empty stomach.
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  • Soak them for 48 hours first, then simmer in water with a teaspoonful of bicarbonate of soda to soften.
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  • Americano 3cl Campari 3cl sweet vermouth soda water Pour the sweet vermouth, then the Campari into a highball filled with ice.
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  • Spilling soda on a disk might corrupt a file.
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  • A good rule of thumb is that if you can pass a soda can between the slats, they're too far apart.
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  • Fill an empty 16 or 20 ounce water or soda bottle one half to three quarters of the way with water and glitter.
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  • If you use a dry diaper pail, adding a few drops or tea tree or lavender oils or placing dryer sheets or baking soda into the pail can cut down on the odor.
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  • Add Borax, baking soda, or tea tree oil to cut down on odors.
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  • You see, most companies that stock potato chips, soda pop, or cookies use district representatives to come into the store, check stocks, order, and merchandise product.
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  • To keep your fresh flowers alive longer, add some carbonated lemon-lime soda on the vase to give your flowers some pop.
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  • Simply rinse out the water from the vase and replace it with half a vase of soda and half warm water.
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  • As a substitute for lemon-lime soda, you can use vinegar by mixing two tablespoons of vinegar with one teaspoon of sugar in a quart of water.
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  • Mix 1/4 cup baking soda with water in a spray bottle.
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  • Fill a parmesan cheese shaker with baking soda and add 10 to 20 drops of essential oils, mixing well with the baking soda.
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  • I also add table salt to the baking soda, because if you have fleas, this will help to dry them up and help to kill them before you vacuum.
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  • Remove cat urine stains using a two step process containing baking soda, white vinegar, hydrogen peroxide and dishwashing detergent.
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  • No More Cat Odor offers various home remedies that include using peroxide, Listerine mouthwash and a mixture of vinegar and baking soda.
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  • If you do not have a commercial enzyme cleaner, many pet parents have removed cat urine using common household products including baking soda, hydrogen peroxide, white vinegar and dishwashing detergent.
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  • Arm and Hammer cat litter comes from a company well-known for its baking soda.
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  • The cat litter product line is of interest because Arm and Hammer has integrated its baking soda into cat litter to mitigate cat box odors.
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  • It is formulated with a proprietary blend of biodegradable corn fibers and baking soda.
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  • It has ammonia blocking chemicals combined with baking soda crystals.
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  • Baking soda crystals are combined with feces odor neutralizers.
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  • Crystal litter is made from baking soda or silica gel, a derivative of sand.
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  • These beverages are mixed with one or several types of distilled products (vodka, gin, whiskey, etc.) and other complimentary ingredients such as cream, soda, juice, fruit and liqueurs.
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  • You can also substitute orange soda or sherbet for the juice.
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  • If you like a little carbonation, add a splash of lemon-lime soda to top off each glass.
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  • Top it off with a third of a cup of soda.
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  • To pare down the sweetness, try using unsweetened frozen strawberries and perhaps halving the amount of sugar or corn syrup.You can also use diet soda in the first recipe if you'd like to reduce the calorie content some.
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  • If you don't like to drink strong liqueurs straight up, consider adding a splash of limoncello to lemonade, iced tea, champagne or soda water.
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  • Pour the mixture through a strainer into a tumbler and top it off with enough chilled soda water to fill the glass.
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  • In a Collins glass filled with ice, simply add the first three ingredients, stir the drink, and then pour the club soda on top.
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  • Some people like to taste the alcohol in their beverages, and others prefer it masked with mixers like soda, juice, coffee or dairy products.
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  • In a tall glass, mix all ingredients except club soda.
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  • Add ice, fill the glass with soda and garnish it with a maraschino cherry.
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  • Add soda and garnish the drink with mint leaves.
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  • Add white rum and mix; add the carbonated water, such as club soda, at the end.
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  • Top it off with soda water and garnish the drink with the leftover berries.
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  • Scotch and soda is pleasing easy cocktail that has been around for years, as is rum and cola.
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  • Back in the 1950s, when Coca-Cola was served at lunch counters and made from a mixture of syrup carbonized with pressurized soda water, grenadine was the popular additive that turned a simple Coke into a Cherry Coke.
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  • A mixture of grenadine, gin, cherry brandy, sweet and sour mix and club soda, the drink was often considered a "gateway" drink for novices who had never before consumed an alcoholic beverage.
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  • Its original ingredients included tequila, crème de cassis, lime juice, soda water and grenadine; however, the more common blend used today is simply tequila, orange juice and grenadine.
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  • If you are familiar with Toys R Us, there really isn't anything anyone can buy there for one dollar, except maybe some candy or a soda.
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  • For instance, instead of just throwing away newspapers, plastic containers (such as soda or water bottles) or other goods, sort them out and take them to the local recycling center.
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  • For most household cleaning, you can use baking soda, white vinegar and Castille soap.
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  • Using baking soda as a cleanser, water and vinegar to clean counters, and lemon juice to bleach grout are all good ideas that cost far less than traditional cleaners.
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  • You will save money and your eyes and lungs using baking soda, vinegar and castile soap for all your cleaning.
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  • To make a bit stronger solution increase the liquid dish soap to a full teaspoon and add a tablespoon of baking soda.
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  • It helps in scrubbing although baking soda should not be used on marble, granite, Corian or tile.
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  • You can also mix a few drops of tea tree oil with baking soda to rub on your feet and sprinkle in your shoes.
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  • Tea tree oil antifungal mixtures can be made at home with pure tea tree oil and either a carrier oil, baking soda, or distilled water.
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  • Eliminate soda pop, including diet soft drinks.
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  • It is also used to sweeten a few brands of soda pop, including Zevia sodas and Virgil's diet sodas.
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  • Vending machines - These cool devices can dispense beer, soda, coffee, or candy.
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  • To ensure a magical night at the movies, try adding a popcorn machine, soda dispenser, or snack counter to provide everyone with their most wanted treats.
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  • You can carry this style back to the 1960s with psychedelic, oversized, brightly-colored flowers or keep retrograding to the 1950s style of soda shop designs.