Her earliest political activities in her student days were connected with the Socialist movement in the country of her birth, but about 1895 she migrated to Germany.
From this time his relations with the government were less friendly, and in 1878 he brought about the rejection of the first Socialist Bill.
After the outbreak of the revolution of 1848 he was elected to the Constituent Assembly, and in 1849 to the Legislative Assembly, but his speeches on behalf of the extreme socialist wing were of so abstract and mystical a character that they had no effect.
From that time, Briand became one of the leaders of the French Socialist party.
Hyndman and others in Socialist meetings and processions in London to demand work for the unemployed.
He attached himself to the "possibilist" group of the socialist party, the section opposed to the root-and-branch measures of Jules Guesde.
He was chief of the Socialist left, which then mustered sixty members, and edited until 1896 their organ in the press, La Petite Republique.
Mr. Snowden made himself extremely unpopular during the World War owing to his pacifist opinions, and was one of the Socialist members of Parliament who lost their seats at the general election of 1918.
In the spring of 1908 there were agrarian strikes at Parma; the labor contracts had pressed hardly on the peasantry, who had cause for complaint; but while some improvement had been effected in the new contracts, certain unscrupulous demagogues, of whom Alceste De Ambris, representing the syndacalist wing of the Socialist party, was the chief, organized a widespread agitation.
This train of thinking naturally drew him towards the socialist philosophers of the school of Saint-Simon, whom he joined.
For a time the government, while keeping itself informed of his activities, left him alone; for it suited the Directory to let the socialist agitation continue, in order to frighten the people from joining in any royalist movement for the overthrow of the existing regime.
The hoi polloi prefered socialist policies of Bernie Sanders in the 2016 Presidential election.
A motion presented by the Socialists in the Chamber for the immediate discussion of a bill to prevent the massacres of the proletariate having been rejected by an enormous majority, the 28 Socialist deputies resigned their seats; on presenting themselves for re-election their number was reduced to 25.
The crisis came with the discovery of a treasonable plot for the subornation of the army, in which many Socialist members of the Duma were involved.
He strongly promoted the League of Nations in the early part of that year; he attended the International Socialist Conference at Berne; and in Dec. 1920 he paid an informal visit to Ireland in the hope of promoting peace.
Among other things, he made a more thorough study of socialist writers, with the result that, though he was not converted to any of their schemes as being immediately practicable, he began to look upon some more equal distribution of the produce of labour as a practicability of the remote future, and to dwell upon the prospect of such changes in human character as might render a stable society possible without the institution of private property.
AMAND BAZARD (1791-1832), French socialist, the founder of a secret society in France corresponding to the Carbonari of Italy, was born at Paris.
S., is famous in connexion with the socialist experiments of Robert Owen.
ALEXANDRE MILLERAND (1859-), French socialist and politician, was born in Paris on the 10th of February 1859.
His extreme liberalism prevented his opposing the spread of Socialist doctrines preached far and wide by Benjamin Constant.
"Can a Socialist system of production be built up on this foundation?
The southerners are apathetic except when roused, and socialist doctrines find their chief adherents in the north.
the years 1900 and 1901 strikes were increasingly numerous, chiefly on account of the growth of Socialist and working-class organizations.
In 1893, after many vicissitudes, the Italian Socialist Labor Party was founded, and has now become the Italian Socialist Party, in which the majority of Italian workmen enrol themselves.
Leave aside the socialist future and the abolition of wage slavery.
The closing of the French market to Sicilian produce, the devastation wrought by the phylloxera and the decrease of the sulphur trade had combined to produce in Sicily a discontent of which Socialist agitators took advantage to organize the workmen of the towns and the peasants of the country into groups known as fasci.
FERDINAND LASSALLE (1825-1864), German socialist, was born at Breslau on the 11th of April 1825, of Jewish extraction.
"GUSTAV NOSKE (1868-), German Socialist leader and former Republican Minister of National Defence, was born July 9 1868 at Brandenburg.
The then Provisional Government at Petrograd favoured an international Labour and Socialist Conference, which was being promoted by the International Socialist Bureau and was to meet at Stockholm.
She majored in African Studies and hoped to move to Tanzania and work with the burgeoning socialist government there.
But the acceptance of a portfolio in a bourgeois ministry led to his exclusion from the Unified Socialist party (March 1906).
Purizkis (Christian Democrat); of War, Dr. Shimkus (Popular Socialist); of the Interior, K.
Com posed mainly of elements drawn from the Left, and dependent for a majority upon the support of the subversive groups of the Extreme Left, the formation of this cabinet gave the signal for a vast working-class movement, during which the Socialist party sought to extend its political influence by means of strikes and the organization of labor leagues among agricultural laborers and artisans.
The Public Safety Bill for the reform of the police laws, taken over by him from the Rudini cabinet, and eventually promulgated by royal decree, was fiercely obstructed by the Socialist party, which, with the Left and Extreme Left, succeeded in forcing General Pelloux to dissolve the Chamber in May 1900, and to resign office after the general election in June.
After the modification of the Pelloux cabinet (May 1899) he became leader of the ministerial majority, and bore the brunt of the struggle against Socialist obstruction in connexion with the Public Safety Bill.
He continued to play a prominent part in International Socialist politics, striving to arrange concerted action of the working classes to make wars impossible by means of general strikes.
He held this position until 1906, and in that year was returned as Socialist member for Blackburn.
He was a disciple of Lueger, a Christian Socialist, and framed a new municipal statute and associations based on the Christian view of society.
He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies for the department of the Seine in 1885 as a radical socialist.
Finally the defection of the Radical and Socialist groups induced him to resign on the 17th of January 1905, although he had not met an adverse vote in the Chamber.
The Government which took office in June 1920 was a coalition Cabinet of the Christian Democrat and Popular Socialist parties plus three ministers who did not belong to any party.
Siemasko (non-party); and of the department of Agriculture, Alexa (Popular Socialist).
In later years his strenuous advocacy of the claims of the working classes, and his declaration that "every man has a right to work or to bread" led to his being denounced as a Socialist.
That he was such he denied more than once (Lemire, Le Cardinal Manning et son action sociale, Paris, 1893, p. 210), nor was he ever a Socialist in principle; but he favoured some of the methods of Socialism, because they alone seemed to him practically to meet the case of that pressing poverty which appealed to his heart.
He early threw himself into the Socialist movement, and became before long, as organizer and writer, an important personality in it.
He was appointed secretary of the Labour party in 1900 and held the position for r r years; and editor of the " Socialist Library " in 1905.
It was as chairman of the Independent Labour party - the section led by Mr. Keir Hardie - that he entered the House of Commons; and he explained at the congress of the party in April 1907 that its object was to mould society into the socialist State.
He remained a pacifist throughout the war, and used his influence in this direction in the labour and socialist movement, but he seldom spoke in Parliament, though he associated himself with the occasional anti-war demonstrations of Mr. Snowden and Mr. Arthur Ponsonby, and claimed the right of public meeting and free speech for pacifists.
He was active in the summer of 1917 in promoting the participation of representatives of the English Labour and Socialist parties in an International Socialist Conference at Stockholm, to which German representatives were coming, and he went to Paris with bIr.
An attempt was made on his life early in 1 9 04, and he was assassinated on the 28th of July of the same year by a bomb thrown under his carriage as he was on his way to Peterhof to make his report to the tsar; the assassin, Sasonov, was a member of the fighting organization of the socialist revolutionary party.
He made capital of the Socialist agitation and of the repression to which other statesmen resorted, and gave the agitators to understand that were he premier they would be allowed a free hand.
CLOVIS HUGUES (1851-1907), French poet and socialist, was born at Menerbes in Vaucluse on the 3rd of November 1851.
Elected deputy by Marseilles in the general elections of 1881, he was at that time the sole representative of the Socialist party in the chambers.
Thus it happened that the elections to the Reichsrat in July 1911 were characterized by a temporary coalition of the German Liberals with the Social Democrats against the Christian Socialist party; this led to heavy losses on the part of the latter, especially in the towns.
In spite of the reform of the civil law in other respects (June 1 1911) these provisions remained in force until the republic. Owing to the opposition of the Christian Socialist party, they were even then not abolished; but they were relaxed by numerous dispensations in individual cases.
Towards the end, however, Stiirgkh was actually endeavouring to bring about a reassembly of the Reichsrat, when he was shot by the Independent Socialist Dr. Friedrich Adler (Oct.
Nationalization of the coal-mines and the great industrial concerns was one of the main items on the programme of the Socialist parties.
In addition to the original Sokol Society (founded in 1862) there are the special organizations of the Labour (Socialist) and the Catholic Gymnastic Unions (under Sokol influence).
Jean Dupuy, leader of the Left Republican group which refused to accept the decisions of the Radical Socialist congress at Pau in Oct.
Puttkammer was the chosen instrument of the Clerical Conservative policy initiated by Bismarck when the Socialist peril made it expedient to conciliate the Catholic Centre.
He took a prominent part in opposing the Socialist movement, and in April 1870, having subscribed a large sum to the funds of a committee formed to combat the Napoleonic plebiscite, had to leave the country.
In 1877 he went to Paris, where he helped to start the socialist movement, returning to Switzerland in 1878, where he edited for the Jura Federation a revolutionary newspaper, Le Revolte, subsequently also publishing various revolutionary pamphlets.
JULES BASILE GUESDE (1845-), French socialist, was born in Paris on the 11th of November 1845.
Guesde took his full share in the consequent discussion between the Guesdists, the Blanquists, the possibilists, &c. In 1893 he was returned to the Chamber of Deputies for Lille (7th circonscription) with a large majority over the Christian Socialist and Radical candidates.
In 1903 there was a formal reconciliation at the Reims congress of the sections of the party, which then took the name of the Socialist party of France.
Besides his numerous political and socialist pamphlets he published in 1901 two volumes of his speeches in the Chamber of Deputies entitled Quatre ans de lutte de classe 1893-1898.
"KURT EISNER (1867-1919), Bavarian Socialist politician and author, was born in Berlin on May 14 1867.
He was successively on the editorial staff of the orwaerts in Berlin1898-1905and of other socialist newspapers at Nurnberg and Munich.
He said in his book on the Dictatorship of the Proletariat:-" The Socialist party which governs Russia to-day gained power in fighting against other Socialist parties, and exercises its authority while excluding other Socialist parties from the executive.
"The antagonism of the two Socialist movements is not based on small personal jealousies: it is the clashing of two fundamentally distinct methods, that of democracy and that of dictatorship.
The Socialist organization of Labour is not an affair of barracks."
They excommunicated him as a traitor to the cause, along with other Socialist leaders.
JEAN LEON JAURES (1859-), French Socialist leader, was born at Castres (Tarn) on the 3rd of September 1859.
In 1902 he gave energetic support to the miners of Carmaux who went out on strike in consequence of the dismissal of a socialist workman, Calvignac; and in the next year he was re-elected to the chamber as deputy for Albi.
Millerand, the socialist, in the Waldeck-Rousseau ministry, though this led to a split with the more revolutionary section led by M.
In 1902 he was again returned as deputy for Albi, and during the Combes administration his influence secured the coherence of the radical-socialist coalition known as the bloc. In 1 9 04 he founded the socialist paper, L'Humanite.
The French socialist groups held a congress at Rouen in March 1905, which resulted in a new consolidation; the new party, headed by MM.
His ability and vigour were now generally recognized; but the strength of the socialist party, and the practical activity of its leader, still had to reckon with the equally practical and vigorous liberalism of M.
The latter was able to appeal to his countrymen (in a notable speech in the spring of 1906) to rally to a radical programme which had no socialist Utopia in view; and the appearance in him of a strong and practical radical leader had the result of considerably diminishing the effect of the socialist propaganda.
Some of these young people wished to put their crude notions immediately into practice, and as their desire to make gigantic socialist experiments naturally alarmed the government, their activity was opposed by the police.
He now founded "St George's Guild," himself contributing £7000, the object of which was to form a model industrial and social movement, to buy lands, mills and factories, and to start a model industry on co-operative or Socialist lines.
In January 1895 he was elected to the chamber as a Socialist for the thirteenth arrondissement of Paris.
Among the enterprising and shrewd Catalans, who look upon their rulers as reactionary, and reserve all their sympathies for the Provencal neighbours whom they so nearly resemble in race, language and temperament, French influence and republican ideals spread rapidly; taking the form partly of powerful labour and socialist organizations, partly of less reputable bodies, revolutionary and even anarchist.
There is also in the Netherlands a small, but very strenuous socialist party, which was founded by the active propaganda of an ex-pastor Domela-Nieuwenhuis.
Catholic, Liberal and Socialist, but the presence of Catholic-Democrats or some other new faction may increase the total to four or even five.
The result of the voting is, 16,000 Catholic votes, 9000 Liberal, 4500 Socialist, and 2500 Catholic-Democrat.
The seats would, therefore, be apportioned as follows: four Catholic, two Liberal, one Socialist and one Catholic-Democrat.
On the!18th of March 1886, a socialist rising suddenly burst out at Liege, on the occasion of the 18th of April the chamber adopted an electoral system until then unknown - le suffrage universel plural.
But the proposals of the latter met with organized obstruction on the part of the Socialist deputies, and after a few months' tenure of office he gave way to M.
But no collection has been made of some of his more characteristic writings in the Christian Socialist and Politics for the People, many of them signed by the pseudonym he then assumed, "Parson Lot."
Republican and Socialist agitation, culminating in a series of dangerous risings, strengthened the position of the king as defender of middle-class interest; and since the middle classes constituted the pays legal which alone was represented in Parliament, he came to regard his position as unassailable, especially after the suppression of the risings under Blanqui and Barbes in 1839.
GEORG HEINRICH VON VOLLMAR (1850-), German Socialist, was born at Munich in 1850.
In 1877 he became editor of the party organ at Dresden, and under the Socialist law was repeatedly condemned to various terms of imprisonment, and was also expelled from that city.
He identified himself with the more moderate and opportunist section of the Socialist party, decisively dissociating himself from the doctrine of a sudden and violent overthrow of society, and urging his associates to co-operate in bringing about a gradual development towards the Socialistic state.
In 1874 they secured nine seats in the Reichstag, in 1877 twelve, and nearly 500,000 votes were given to Socialist candidates.
It is only fair to say that no real proof was brought that the Socialists had anything to do with either of these crimes, or that either of the men was really a member of the Socialist party; nevertheless, a storm of indignation rose against them.
In 1884 a new development took place: u,nder the influence of Miquel a meeting was held at Heidelberg of the South German members of the party, who accepted the commercial and social policy of the government, including the Socialist law; their programme received Bismarcks approval, and was accepted by the rest of the patty, so that they henceforward were taken into favor by the government; but they had wpn the position by sacrificing almost all the characteristics of the older Liberalism the hope of a reunion for all the different sections which had hitherto kept the name of Liberal was at an end.
The chief matter for decision was the fate of the Socialist law; this expired on the 3oth of September 1890.
What began as a great revolutionary movement became a dogmatic and academic school of thought; it often almost seemed as though the orthodox interpretation of I~Iarxs doctrine was of more importance than an improvement in the condition of the working men, and the discussions in the annual Socialist Congress resembled the arguments of theologians rather than the practical considerations of politicians.
The repeal of the Socialist law was naturally welcome to them as a great personal triumph over Bismarck;in the elections of 1890 they won thirty-five, in 1S93 forty-four, in 1898 fifty-six seats.
The violence with which it was conducted, coming, as it did, from the highest circles of the Prussian nobility, appeared almost an imitation of Socialist methods; but the emperor, with his wonted energy, personally rebuked the leaders, and warned them that the opposition of Prussian nobles to their king was a monstrosity.
Some of the Socialist members remained seated.
In 1895 the Prussian police used a law of 1850 as a pretext for dissolving the Socialist organization in Berlin, as had been done twenty years before.
In the session of 1901 Admiral von Tirpitz, the minister of marine, admitted in answer to a Socialist interpellation that the naval programme of 1900 would have to be enlarged.
In 1904 Count Bulow again found it necessary, in reply to the Socialist leader Bebel, to declare that the German naval armaments were purely defensive.
The first of these tariffs, which in order to overcome Socialist obstruction was passed en bloc on December 13-14, 1902, led to an alarming alteration in the balance of parties ~~ in the new Reichstag of 1903, the Socialistswho had previously numbered 58winning 81 seats, a gain of 23.
In the elections of 1907, indeed, the Social Democratic party, owing to the unparalleled exertion of the government, had a set-back, its representation in parliament sinking to 43; but at the International Socialist Congress, which met at Stuttgart on the 18th of August, Herr Bebel was able to point oui that, in spite of its defeat at the polls, the Socialist cause had actually gained strength in the country, their total poll having increased from 3,010,771.
The impulsive character of the emperor, which led him, with the best intentions and often with excellent effect, to interfere everywhere and in everything and to utter opinions often highly inconvenient to his ministers, was the subject of an interpellation in the Reichstag on the 20th of January 1903 by the Socialist Herr von Vollmar, himself a Bavarian.
creation of a centralized socialist party.
During the next years there was the beginning of a real socialist movement in Vienna and in Styria, where there is a considerable industrial population; after 1879, however, the growth of the party was interrupted by the introduction of anarchical doctrines.
In 1887, under the leadership of Dr Adler, the socialist party began to revive (the party of violence having died away), and since then it has steadily gained in numbers; in the forefront of the political programme is put the demand for universal suffrage.
On the 15th of September 1905 a huge socialist and workingclass demonstration in favour of universal suffrage took place before the parliament at Budapest.
The premier, Baron Gautsch, who had previously discountenanced universal suffrage while admitting the desirability of a restricted reform, then changed attitude and permitted an enormous Socialist demonstration, in support of universal suffrage, to take place (November 28) in the Vienna Ringstrasse.
It must be premised that, in order to render the Christian Socialist or Lueger party the strongest group in parliament, an amalgamation was effected between them and the conservative Catholic party: German Conservatives Christian Socialists .
Independent Socialist Ruthenes- National Democrats .
Debs, former Socialist candidate for president, who was sentenced to 10 years in a Federal prison for a speech opposing the war and denouncing war as the work of capital.
He sat with the Socialist Radicals, and vigorously supported the Combes ministry.
The strike of miners in the Pas de Calais after the disaster at Courrieres, leading to the threat of disorder on the 1st of May 1906, obliged him to employ the military; and his attitude in the matter alienated the Socialist party, from which he definitely broke in his notable reply in the Chamber to Jean Jaures in June 1906.
Internal dissensions in 1884 led to the foundation of the Socialist League, and in February 1885 a new organ, Commonweal, began to print Morris's splendid rallying-songs.
The Irrational Knot, written in 1880, and Love among the Artists (written in 1881) first appeared as serials in Our Corner, a monthly edited by Mrs Annie Besant; Cashel Byron's Profession (reprinted in 1901 in the series of "Novels of his Nonage") and An Unsocial Socialist first appeared in a Socialist magazine To-day, which no longer exists.
This found few admirers outside Socialist circles, and was hooted by the ordinary playgoer.
Lastly, the medieval Brethren were engaged in printing and distributing tracts, mystical, anti-clerical, sometimes socialist.
LAURENCE GRONLUND (1846-1899), American socialist, was born in Copenhagen, Denmark, on the 13th of July 1846.
He became a writer and lecturer on socialism and was closely connected with the work of the Socialist Labor party from 1874 to 1884, then devoted himself almost exclusively to lecturing until his appointment to a post in the bureau of labour statistics.
"HUGO HAASE (1863-1919), German Independent Socialist leader, and one of the commission of six who conducted the Government of the German Reich in the name of the people immediately after the revolution of Nov.
Perhaps the cry was raised by enemy troops disguised in Italian uniforms, for some of these were found; more probably it was started by some who had drunk in the Socialist catchwords, pronounced by the deputy, Signor Treves: " This winter no one must be in the trenches "; who had believed the promise that if they laid down their arms the enemy would do likewise.
Extreme war-weariness and socialist propaganda had their offspring in these failures.
Under his influence a Christian Socialist movement sprang up in France and Belgium, and soon spread to Italy, Germany and Austria.
SIDNEY WEBB (1859-), English socialist and author, was born in London on the 13th of July 1859.
Mr Webb was one of the early members of the Fabian Society, contributing to Fabian Essays (1889); and he became well-known as a socialist, both by his speeches and his writings.
In addition to his work for the Labour and Socialist movement at home he was one of the most ardent pioneers of international socialism, and visited many countries in his endeavour to bring together the workers of different lands.
In 1899 he qualified as a lawyer, and speedily became a prominent agitator on the extreme Left wing of the Socialist party.
FERDINAND AUGUST BEBEL (1840-), German socialist, was born at Cologne on the 22nd of February 1840; he became a turner and worked at Leipzig.
He was the only Socialist who was elected to the Reichstag in 1871, but he used his position to protest against the annexation of Alsace-Lorraine and to express his full sympathy with the Paris Commune.
After the passing of the Socialist Law he continued to show great activity in the debates of the Reichstag, and was also elected a member of the Saxon parliament; when the state of siege was proclaimed in Leipzig he was expelled from the city, and in 1886 condemned to nine months' imprisonment for taking part in a secret society.
On the other side he was involved in a quarrel with Volmar and his school, who desired to put aside from immediate consideration the complete attainment of the Socialist ideal, and proposed that the party should aim at bringing about, not a complete overthrow of society, but a gradual amelioration.
At the presidential election in December he was put forward as the Socialist candidate, but secured only 370,000 votes.
Considerant, Victor Prosper (1808-1893), French socialist, was born at Salins (Jura) on the lath of October 1808.
"GEORGE LANSBURY (1859-), English Socialist, was born Feb.
He began his political life at the age of 15 as a keen Radical, but subsequently became a convinced Socialist, a member of the I.L.P. and a member of the National Executive of the Labour party.
He was a member of the Church Socialist League from its inception.
A resolution was finally adopted by 128 votes to 1, thirty Socialist members abstaining from voting.
The revolution of July (1830) brought a new freedom to the socialist reformers.
"EUGENE VICTOR DEBS (1855-), American labour leader and socialist, was born at Terre Haute, Ind., Nov.
In 1900 he was Socialist candidate for president of the United States, receiving 96,116 votes; was again candidate in 1904, 1908 and 1912,.
few fanatics like the mad priest of Kent, John Ball, who lad long preached socialist doctrines from the old text:
On the other hand, the socialist con Directory.
"HENRY MAYERS HYNDMAN (1842-1921), English socialist and author, was born in London, March 7 1842, the son of John Beckles Hyndman, a barrister and founder of the Hyndman Trust for church building.
PIERRE JOSEPH PROUDHON (1809-1865), French socialist and political writer, was born on the r5th of January 1809 at Besancon, France, the native place also of the socialist Fourier.
Salvian was a 5th-century socialist of the most extreme type, and a zealous ascetic who pitilessly scourged everything that fell short of an exalted morality, and exaggerated, albeit unconsciously, the faults that he desired to eradicate.
Individualism is, however, by no means identical with egoism, though egoism is always individualistic. An individualist may also be a conscientious altruist: he is by no means hostile to or aloof from society (any more than the socialist is necessarily hostile to the individual), but he is opposed to state interference with individual freedom wherever, in his opinion, it can be avoided.
Every practical politician of whatever party must necessarily combine in his programme individualistic and socialist principles.
WILHELM LIEBKNECHT (1826-1900), German socialist, was born at Giessen on the 29th of March 1826.
Thence he went to Geneva, where he came into intercourse with Mazzini; but, unlike most of the German exiles, he was already an adherent of the socialist creed, which at that time was more strongly held in France.
After the lapse of the Socialist law (1890) he became chief editor of the Vorwiirts, and settled in Berlin.
Tone was a Protestant, but he had imbibed socialist ideas, and hated the priests whose influence counteracted his own.
In the interior the industrial and socialist movement, born of the new industrial development, added fresh strength to the Republican and Liberal opposition.
The greatest danger lay in the republican-democrats and their socialist ally, Francois Noel (Gracchus) Babeuf.
But these socialist demands were premature; the attack of the camp of Grenelle upon constitutional order ended merely in the arrest and guillotining of Babeuf (September 9, 1796May 25, 1797).
The industrial unrest, fomented by Socialist agitation, culminated in January 1902 ~fl Industrial serious riots at Barcelona and Saragossa, and on Unrest and the 16th of February in the proclamation of a general Socialist strike in the former city.
On this occasion he restored the system of uninominal constituencies, resisted the socialist agitation, and pressed, though in vain, for the adoption of drastic measures against the false bank-notes put in circulation by the Roman bank.
The Ministry presided over by the Moderate Socialist Hoffmann had, it is true, succeeded in quelling Bolshevism with the aid of Republican troops from Prussia and Wurttemberg.
The Kapp coup in Berlin, which in some of its aspects sprang from similar anxieties in Prussia, gave the signal for political action in Munich, and at a midnight sitting the Bavarian Socialist Ministry was somewhat unceremoniously hustled out of office - it is alleged under military pressure - and a Coalition Cabinet under von Kahr installed.
The campaign should also take up a class position and put forward a planned economy and a socialist alternative.
Sadly, on this side of the socialist revolution, that's the way things are.
Perhaps this was always going to be the case with lead singer/guitarist Louis citing influences including socialist activism, Conor Oberst (who?
I was the biggest socialist agitator in the town!
A remnant of the days when the now ailing city was an industrial powerhouse of the socialist state.
allyus the SWP was quite happy to cultivate gullible allies in relation to building the Socialist Alliance.
Sheridan seeks amicable split Tommy Sheridan confirms he is seeking an " amicable split Tommy Sheridan confirms he is seeking an " amicable " split from the Scottish Socialist Party.
apolitical stance of the Socialist Alliance executive.
assaults on civil liberties is fundamental to the strategic development of the anti-war, global justice and socialist movements.
betrayed the socialist revolution carried out by the Russian working class.
The idea of the plan combined to appeal to their national and socialist traditions and desire for personal betterment.
By watching big brother you too become part of the dehumanizing process (Socialist Worker August 26 2000 ).
The fate of the USSR as a socialist state depends upon that political regime that will arise to replace Stalinist Bonapartism.
Bookmarks Visit Bookmarks, Britain's leading socialist bookshop.
capitulation of socialist leaders had taken place, among other reasons, because of intense mass pressure.
The one-time revolutionary socialists had adopted the role of populist nationalism using catchwords taken from socialist programs.
At no stage during the conference did CG put up ant sort of fight for its once cherished aim of an independent socialist republic.
For a few brief years the working class set about creating a socialist society.
clause in the Respect constitution is, frankly, a pain in the ass for the Socialist Workers Party, the majority faction.
In the here and now support and give a socialist coloration to bread-and-butter issues like the minimum wage, cuts and trade union rights.
Fight for socialist change For a socialist confederation of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland.
The socialist conscientious objector has a group loyalty which is as powerful to him as the loyalty of the patriot for his nation.
Others will have heard her talk on medieval heresy at Marxism 2004 or read her article on the Albigensian crusade in Socialist Worker.
Comrade Rosemary Byrne thought her election in 2003 would herald a new dawn for socialist politics.
defeatist notion that the socialist ratchet was irreversible.
The French Socialist and Communist literature was thus completely emasculated.
embittered internal enemies accuse these self-declared hardline Stalinites of going soft on the Socialist Workers Party and Trotskyism.
He called upon them to defend the Socialist fatherland.
They can build a socialist republic as a step toward a socialist federation of the Middle East.
federation of socialist republics based on workers?
The picture implied by the " distillation " approach of a liberal feminism leading into a socialist feminism is simply historically wrong.
The fact that he was playing croquet - a game they think is too genteel for a Socialist Scouser like him?
During his speech he was loudly heckled by a large group of Scottish Socialist Party supporters calling him ' fascist ' .
herald a new dawn for socialist politics.
Not only pacifists, but also members of socialist groupings, many of whom were inspired by Marxist ideas.
A primitive socialist intelligentsia is all that is needed.
Does socialist internationalism imply accelerated growth in the ' south '?
From these ideas of Marx and Engels developed the idea of socialist and working class internationalism.
jettisoned the idea of socialist planning.
knowey knew even less about the National Socialist German Workers Party or its political program.
There were times when the Square Mile took almost masochistic delight in the chancellor's heady mixture of fiscal rectitude and socialist largesse.
Written in 1893, it was a forerunner of German Naturalism, and exhibits the socialist leanings of its author.
Scott - I have no problem at all with people with socialist leanings.
It was the only credible national challenge to New Labor from the socialist left.
libertarian socialist I am not in politics in order to be told what to do.
Every socialist feels a natural loathing for such a system.
Although not elected this time, CfS candidate Rozanne Foyer increased her overall vote without compromising her socialist manifesto.
manoeuvreeaucratic maneuvers of the Socialist Workers Party leadership would have made Joe Stalin proud.
Today Mongolia's economy is in transition from the centrally planned system of the socialist period to the competitive environment of the globalized marketplace.
Did your Socialist party puppet masters say you had to do this?
Popular Socialist Party candidate, JosÃ© FogaÃ§a, won the mayoralty there.
The real alternative is a new mass party of the working class, pledged to oppose militarism by establishing a new democratic socialist society.
It is the noble mission of the Korean People's Army to safeguard the socialist motherland and the people reliably by force of arms.
necessity of socialist revolution.
The proletariat, the party and the state provided a holy trinity of centralized power that would usher in a socialist nirvana.
A government headed by Leon Blum of the Socialist Party took office on 2 June amidst a wave of strikes and factory occupations.
We must continue to demand socialist policies and oppose opportunism, all the way to the ballot box.
A committed socialist he became a well-known street orator.
purely parliamentary, anti-revolutionary socialism nowhere and never resulted in a socialist ministry.
Vague pacifist agitation, veiled by socialist phraseology, is an excellent tool for the bourgeois rÃ©gime.
Neither in Militant nor in Socialist Appeal will one find polemics, not even between each other.
Socialist Humanism: A progressive politics for the twenty-first century Mick Cooper 11.
The socialist utopia is an ethical precept rather than a state of affairs which has to be brought about.
published as a pamphlet by the Socialist Labor League under the title ' Class Struggles in Belgium ' .
Therefore, the Socialist poet need not use the rationality of prose.
We are shaping a socialist market economy and introducing strategic readjustments to the economic structure.
socialist realism was launched, an artistic style to go with the Popular Front.
rebirth of the socialist movement in Scotland.
It was the same notorious argument used by the Socialist Workers Party when it opposed republicanism being included in the policies of Respect.
Any alliance has to involve compromises and we compromised on this issue, but we are unable to compromise our socialist republicanism indefinitely.
Watch out for the economic ruination of Spain, I wonder how Max will explain that, with yet more Socialist cut and pastes?
The CPGB was equally scornful of the proposition that the ILP would rapidly become the instrument of socialist change.
seceded rather than expel the minority, and formed a new organization called the Socialist League.
Socialist Party does support the right of armed self-defense and resistance to imperialist occupation.
selfsame reason they do not exert sufficiently powerful pressure on the Socialist Party.
Socialist Party members were not put off by savage dogs and heavy sleet and snow!
Comment Dead Socialist Watch, #179: Eduard Bernstein, german Social Democrat, born 6 January 1850, died 18 December 1932.
In 1910 Berger became the first socialist in the United States to be elected to Congress.
What is less well known is that she was a revolutionary socialist.
A committed socialist, Hodgkin was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize in 1987.
socialist Revolution is in the working class.
socialist republic is to drink hot chocolate?
socialist Realism was launched, an artistic style to go with the Popular Front.
socialist transformation of society.
It has been pointed out that the program of Respect is not clearly anti-capitalist, not explicitly socialist.
On the basis of a genuinely socialist planned economy, it could be the richest country on earth.
Any truly socialist party would not want to create a successful revolution itself - that is the task for millions of ordinary people.
It asks whether the experience of Total War created demands for a radical, or even socialist, reconstruction of society.
It is difficult to enjoy the next section of Stalinist socialist realism, even ironically.
Experimental currents in visual arts such as abstract expressionism were unfavorably compared with the soviet socialist realism.
Both protests were joined by the Socialist stockbrokers, and in the City of London people vacuumed up after capitalism!
The leading socialist and trade union cliques have their roots intertwined with those of the ruling stratum of the Third Republic.
II Revolutionary French syndicalism was the clearest form of protest against these aspects of the Socialist Party.
The Italian socialist Party however repudiated these social traitors.
One cannot go to the French electorate as a French socialist Government and say, " Helas, on s'est trompe.
The socialist left outside the Labor Party is largely uncritical in its support for multiculturalism.
unimpeachable loyalty to the Socialist movement.
They want to go full speed ahead at turning the soviet union into a rich, industrialized Socialist State.
The demands of socialist unity requires us to seek agreement between all these organizations, and to promote cooperation.
Socialist Unity: Michael Howard has recently made some pretty vicious remarks about travelers, what is your opinion on this issue?
Tony has written elsewhere of his beloved wife: " She was my socialist soulmate.
They are most common in the north and centre, a circumstance which shows them to be promoted less by the more backward and more ignorant peasants than by the better-educated laborers of Lombardy and Emilia, among whom, Socialist organizations are widespread.
The Socialist party, which had grown powerful under a series of weak-kneed administrations, now began to show signs of division; on the one hand there was the revolutionary wing, led by Signor Enrico Fern, the Mantuan deputy, which advocated a policy of uncompromising class warfare, and on the other the riformisti, or moderate Socialists, led by Signor Filippo Turati, deputy for Milan, who adopted a more conciliatory attitude and were ready to ally themselves with other parliamentary parties.
The government for reasons of their own made the socialist Babeuf the leader of the conspiracy, though more important people than he were implicated; and his own vanity played admirably into their hands.
"JEAN JAURES (1859-1914), French Socialist leader (see 15.283), was already in 1910 the recognized leader of the Unified Socialists in the Chamber of Deputies.
In Dec. 1917 Mr. Wickham Steed succeeded in bringing together Trumbic and his colleagues first with General Mola and Signori Emanuel and Chiesi (of the Corriere and Secolo), and then with the Italian Irredentist Socialist leaders.
Beck, however, was held to be a shade more Slavophil, Bienerth Germanophil,, Gautsch dynastic, Stiirgkh a Conservative Socialist; Korber and Seidler were mere officials, Clam-Martinitz an old aristocrat, Hussarek and Lammasch Clericals.
The Christian Socialist party, from being originally an urban party, had become partly an urban and partly a peasant party, and the Minister of Commerce, Weisskirchner, 2 who had come from its ranks, had not 2 Richard Weisskirchner (b.
He began life as a working upholsterer, first at Mans, then at Paris (1880), where his peasant and socialist songs soon won him fame in the Montmartre quarter.
During 1907 and 1908 his premiership was notable for the way in which the new entente with England was cemented, and for the successful part which France played in European politics, in spite of difficulties with Germany and attacks by the Socialist party in connexion with Morocco (see France: History).
"KARL LIEBKNECHT (1871-1919), German Socialist and revolutionary leader, was the son of Wilhelm Liebknecht (see 16.592).
The perfect success of both was regarded, not unreasonably, as a popular ratification of the republic, and though continually harassed by the formation and dissolution of ephemeral ministries, by socialist outbreaks, and the beginnings of anti-Semitism, Carnot had but one serious crisis to surmount, the Panama scandals of 1892, which, if they greatly damaged the prestige of the state, increased the respect felt for its head, against whose integrity none could breathe a word.
Socialist Realism was launched, an artistic style to go with the Popular Front.
The ISM can be proud of the central role we have played in the rebirth of the socialist movement in Scotland.
It corresponds to the conviction that the National Socialist ideology must reign supreme.
Sadly, on this side of the socialist revolution, that 's the way things are.
In December 1884, the majority seceded rather than expel the minority, and formed a new organization called the Socialist League.
For this selfsame reason they do not exert sufficiently powerful pressure on the Socialist Party.
Socialist Party members were not put off by savage dogs and heavy sleet and snow !
Comment Dead Socialist Watch, #179: Eduard Bernstein, German social democrat, born 6 January 1850, died 18 December 1932.
The conference agreed targets for building the Socialist Party and increasing sales of the socialist and Socialism Today.
He says, Ã¢The basis of our Socialist Revolution is in the working class.
At 12:05 PM, Sarah said... All it would take to turn the world into a socialist republic is to drink hot chocolate?
They have issued total surrender, They have invited everybody to Earth to live on Mars, in their socialist Utopia.
I believe that the real solution to the problems of the world lies in a socialist transformation of society.
It is difficult to enjoy the next section of Stalinist Socialist Realism, even ironically.
Experimental currents in visual arts such as abstract expressionism were unfavorably compared with the Soviet socialist realism.
Both protests were joined by the Socialist Stockbrokers, and in the City of London people vacuumed up after capitalism !
The Italian Socialist Party however repudiated these social traitors.
One would expect little less from Britain ' s first gay socialist transvestite poet and radical agenda bender.
One cannot go to the French electorate as a French socialist Government and say, Helas, on s'est trompe.
And they also know that she is a woman of unimpeachable loyalty to the Socialist movement.
They want to go full speed ahead at turning the Soviet Union into a rich, industrialized Socialist State.
Tony has written elsewhere of his beloved wife: She was my socialist soulmate.
Socialist accounts argued that this physical malaise was compounded by the role of clothing in effecting oppressive social stratification; clothes were seen as masking the innate equality of all people.
Ennemond Boniface was a socialist nudist, who fervently believed that nudism was an alternative to bloody socialist revolution, and would bring about a new naturist era in which all would be equal under the sun (see sidebar).
Pressed by Cavallotti, Rudini in March 1897 dissolved the Chamber and conducted the general election in such a way as to crush by government pressure the partisans of Crispi, and greatly to strengthen the (Socialist, Republican and Radical) revolutionary parties.
By this time Dozsa was losing control of the rabble, which had fallen under the influence of the socialist parson of Czegled, Lorincz Meszaros.
He sat in the House of Commons for North Lanarkshire from 1886 to 1892, and during this period became known as an extreme Socialist, taking part with H.
FELIX PYAT (1810-1889), French Socialist, was born at Vierzon (Cher) on the 4th of October 1810, the son of a Legitimist lawyer.
The Baltic volunteers were defeated by the Bolsheviks on Dec. 29 at Hintzenberg; and since the agreement made on Dec. 29 by Ulmanis with the German representative, the Socialist Winnig, did not attract a sufficient number of volunteers from Germany for the formation of an Iron Div., Riga fell on Jan.
in adventures in Asia Minor, He was reported in x920-21 to have been employed at Moscow as director of the Asiatic department in the Soviet Government, and to have posed at the Baku Congress of Oriental Peoples as the leader of a great Socialist movement in the middle east and north Africa.
"ROSA LUXEMBURG (1870-1919), German Socialist and revolutionary agitator, was born a Jewess on Dec. 25 1870 in Russian Poland.
But for this he would hardly have established so absolute an antithesis between industrial and military competition, and have shown himself readier to recognize that the law of the struggle for existence, just because it is universal and equally (though differently) operative in every form of society, cannot be appealed to for guidance in deciding between the respective merits of an industrial or military and of an individualist or socialist organization of society.
The Peasants' party combined with the Popular Socialist party, while the "Workers' Federation" and the "Yeomen's Union" (these being but the small landowners) formed part of the Christian Socialist governing bloc. Legally recognized parties which were not represented in the Seim were: (a) the Progressive party (Pajanga); (b) the Liberal party (known as the Santara Union); (c) " Landlords' Association" (which comprised only large landed proprietors).
The most remarkable of the works from this period are - (I) the Bestimmung des Menschen (Vocation of Man, 1800), a book which, for beauty of style, richness of content, and elevation of thought, may be ranked with the Meditations of Descartes; (2) Der geschlossene Handelsstaat, 1800 (The Exclusive or Isolated Commercial State), a very remarkable treatise, intensely socialist in tone, and inculcating organized protection; (3) Sonnenklarer Bericht an das grossere Publicum iiber die neueste Philosophie, 1801.
This was, however, far from satisfying the parties of the extreme Left, and the strength of Social Democracy in Saxony was even more strikingly displayed in 1909 when, in spite of plural voting, under a complicated franchise, 25 Socialist members were returned to the Saxon diet.
He was, further, obnoxious to them on account of his revelations as to the origin of the war, and at an international Socialist conference at Berne he had urged the German delegates to make a clean breast of Germany's war guilt.
The Socialist deputy, Mr Mezbffy, who wished to move an interpellation on the question, was howled down by the Independents with shouts of " Away with him!
After the coup d'etat of 1851 he settled with his family in Jersey, where he pursued agricultural experiments and wrote his socialist poem La Greve de Samarez.
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