Snow crunched under her feet and quickly soaked her flimsy slippers.
He knelt, ruffling the snow from Darian's hair.
The snow was coming down in big heavy flakes now.
Cold wind whipped snow against her face.
Light snow had begun to fall—tiny crystals hardly visible in the light of the lamp across the street.
Instead of no path to the front-yard gate in the Great Snow--no gate--no front-yard--and no path to the civilized world.
And the snow makes this place look so magical!
All the roads were hidden, not a single landmark was visible, only a waste of snow with trees rising out of it.
By noon the snow was all gone.
It's supposed to snow tonight.
He stared into the dark night, watching the snow fall.
The next morning, the sight of snow falling outside her window drew her gaze as she packed for the evacuation.
The hidden sun was setting, and the white snow clouds glowed eerily, lit by the last rays of light.
The hidden sun was setting, and the white snow clouds glowed eerily, lit by the last rays of light.
Has the snow been shoveled back?
Snow soon covered her arms as she crossed the roof to gaze into the well-lit courtyard.
'Out of the bosom of the air, Out of the cloud-folds of her garments shaken, Over the woodlands brown and bare, Over the harvest-fields forsaken, Silent, and soft, and slow Descends the snow.'
"The snow storm," he responded.
Snow covered his hair, and his skin was cold.
Jonny's feet crunched in the snow until he reached the rocky area on the west side of the mountain.
The snow fell straight from the sky without the wind and was soft and fluffy beneath her feet.
The snow fell straight from the sky without the wind and was soft and fluffy beneath her feet.
She crunched through the snow back to the house and removed her coat and boots before entering the living room.
No more searching for frozen half-tires in the snow and stomping the water out of them.
She sank down with her back to the door, not caring about the cold day or the snow that seeped through her clothes to chill her.
It was the first snow I had seen here, and it made me a little homesick.
A blowing snow storm delayed our flight north.
I have seen our river, when, the landscape being covered with snow, both water and ice were almost as green as grass.
She stared at the blood-colored letters as the snow buried them.
"Now then, all together--shove!" cried the voices, and the huge surface of the wall, sprinkled with snow and creaking with frost, was seen swaying in the gloom of the night.
And snow well into the spring.
Carmen glanced quickly outside to see if the threatening snow had arrived.
Only the reflection of the white snow and grey sky provided light once she stepped outside.
He tried not to think of that sad time, instead blinking away dark memories and focusing on the snow at his feet.
He took a sip, gaze going to the snow falling outside the window.
She approached the window, amazed at the snow, until her gaze fell to a figure kneeling like a dark gargoyle in the middle of the white lawn.
I weathered some merry snow-storms, and spent some cheerful winter evenings by my fireside, while the snow whirled wildly without, and even the hooting of the owl was hushed.
The national weather forecast on television was calling for light snow in Arkansas.
A gust of wind flung snow into her face.
A lump of snow cannot be melted instantaneously.
March came in like a lion with a snow storm.
A glance out the window revealed that the snow had piled up to four or five inches.
When all outside is cold and white, when the little children of the woodland are gone to their nurseries in the warm earth, and the empty nests on the bare trees fill with snow, my window-garden glows and smiles, making summer within while it is winter without.
The snow was thawing in the sunshine, the horses galloped quickly, and on both sides of the road were forests of different kinds, fields, and villages.
The snow started shortly after they left and the wind blew it horizontal.
The roads up there are closed by snow two-thirds of the year.
The roads up here haven't been free of snow all that long.
The roads up here haven't been free of snow all that long.
The sun knows that you like to see the world covered with beautiful white snow and so he kept back all his brightness, and let the little crystals form in the sky.
About midnight they heard the sound of steps in the snow of the forest, and the crackling of dry branches.
"I expect it's snow... that spot... a spot--une tache," he thought.
It had been the mildest late winter in years and the lack of high country snow had opened the Jeep roads weeks earlier than usual.
The lush Scottish Highlands around him were covered in a blanket of snow that stretched for miles, the white world interrupted only by a few narrow roads snaking in different directions.
The stark red of blood against white snow caught his attention, and he circled the park behind the castle.
If the snow lies deep, they strap on his snowshoes, and, with the giant plow, plow a furrow from the mountains to the seaboard, in which the cars, like a following drill-barrow, sprinkle all the restless men and floating merchandise in the country for seed.
The snow melted, leaving in its wake a harvest of spring flowers.
His skin was colder than snow, the power radiating off him like an arctic breeze.
Yes, prayer can move mountains, but one must have faith and not pray as Natasha and I used to as children, that the snow might turn into sugar-- and then run out into the yard to see whether it had done so.
Through the falling snow a purple-black and starry sky showed itself and the frost grew keener.
He dove into the snow while she stood and waited for Rhyn.
With the town's elevation near eight thousand feet, plenty of snow was to be expected.
After dinner it began to snow, and we had a good frolic and an interesting lesson about the snow.
When all was ready, the sabers stuck in the snow to mark the barriers, and the pistols loaded, Nesvitski went up to Pierre.
One part of it dispersed and waded knee-deep through the snow into a birch forest to the right of the village, and immediately the sound of axes and swords, the crashing of branches, and merry voices could be heard from there.
These temporary aims are like the broom fixed in front of a locomotive to clear the snow from the rails in front: they clear men's moral responsibilities from their path.
The snow began falling harder, and he met her gaze again finally.
The jaguar winced but kept its grip, and Toby.s blood turned the snow beneath them red.
The snow was drenched with blood, like an Immortal snow cone.
Once I went on a visit to a New England village with its frozen lakes and vast snow fields.
I sometimes found the name of his native parish handsomely written in the snow by the highway, with the proper French accent, and knew that he had passed.
But commonly I kindled my fire with the dry leaves of the forest, which I had stored up in my shed before the snow came.
A snow storm cancelled our return flight Sunday.
The winter had been exceptionally clear of late snow and the high mountain passes that in many years remained closed until July had been cleared weeks earlier this spring.
As the sun climbed over the mountains, it spread its glow across the snow still nestled in the cracks and crevices above him.
The snow is deep.
The house sits more than a mile off the snow plow route, so sometimes I'm snowed in for a week or so.
The night was dark but starry, the road showed black in the snow that had fallen the previous day--the day of the battle.
Sometimes, notwithstanding the snow, when I returned from my walk at evening I crossed the deep tracks of a woodchopper leading from my door, and found his pile of whittlings on the hearth, and my house filled with the odor of his pipe.
From the back porch came the sound of feet descending the steps, the bottom step upon which snow had fallen gave a ringing creak and he heard the voice of an old maidservant saying, Straight, straight, along the path, Miss.
On the contrary the greater the heat the more solidified the remaining snow becomes.
All day it had been calm and frosty with occasional lightly falling snow and toward evening it began to clear.
A huge campfire was blazing brightly in the midst of the snow, lighting up the branches of trees heavy with hoarfrost.
For the main course try the seared scallops glazed with sugar cane and paired with snow peas and cashews or the roasted chicken with house made macaroni and cheese.
Tahoe boasts tons of hiking trails, camping opportunities and with all the lake-effect snow, tons of locales for cross country skiing.
He'd been there long enough that the snow had covered his footprints.
Snow fell in lazy, fat flakes, sticking to his clothes and hair.
He jogged through the castle and ran out into the snow, launching himself into the cold air as he changed into the bird form.
Snow fell from the sky to be either burned by the pyre or to cover the red mess that was the rest of the park.
As we went in she repeated these words, 'Out of the cloud-folds of his garments Winter shakes the snow.'
I have felt a bud "shyly doff her green hood and blossom with a silken burst of sound," while the icy fingers of the snow beat against the window-panes.
This is particularly distinct to one standing on the middle of the pond in winter, just after a light snow has fallen, appearing as a clear undulating white line, unobscured by weeds and twigs, and very obvious a quarter of a mile off in many places where in summer it is hardly distinguishable close at hand.
The snow reprints it, as it were, in clear white type alto-relievo.
The snow had already covered the ground since the 25th of November, and surrounded me suddenly with the scenery of winter.
He could hear me when I moved and cronched the snow with my feet, but could not plainly see me.
Fogs and rains and warmer suns are gradually melting the snow; the days have grown sensibly longer; and I see how I shall get through the winter without adding to my wood-pile, for large fires are no longer necessary.
When the frost comes out in the spring, and even in a thawing day in the winter, the sand begins to flow down the slopes like lava, sometimes bursting out through the snow and overflowing it where no sand was to be seen before.
The sinking sound of melting snow is heard in all dells, and the ice dissolves apace in the ponds.
Flakes of falling snow were fluttering in that light.
On this knoll there was a white patch that Rostov could not at all make out: was it a glade in the wood lit up by the moon, or some unmelted snow, or some white houses?
"No it can't be, that would be too extraordinary," and at the very moment she thought this, the face and figure of Prince Andrew, in a fur cloak the deep collar of which covered with snow, appeared on the landing where the footman stood with the candle.
The horses showered the fine dry snow on the faces of those in the sleigh--beside them sounded quick ringing bells and they caught confused glimpses of swiftly moving legs and the shadows of the troyka they were passing.
The whistling sound of the runners on the snow and the voices of girls shrieking were heard from different sides.
They were quietly dropping melted wax into snow and looking at the shadows the wax figures would throw on the wall, when they heard the steps and voices of new arrivals in the vestibule.
The light was so strong and the snow sparkled with so many stars that one did not wish to look up at the sky and the real stars were unnoticed.
Halfway lay some snow-covered piles of firewood and across and along them a network of shadows from the bare old lime trees fell on the snow and on the path.
She looked up at the glowing clouds, from which snow had begun to fall again.
As 'twas growing dark last night Fell the snow so soft and light...
The old count's troyka, with Dimmler and his party, started forward, squeaking on its runners as though freezing to the snow, its deep-toned bell clanging.
The side horses, pressing against the shafts of the middle horse, sank in the snow, which was dry and glittered like sugar, and threw it up.
Snow had begun to fall again and clung to the scout.s clothing.
Louisa Ivanovna consented to go, and in half an hour four troyka sleighs with large and small bells, their runners squeaking and whistling over the frozen snow, drove up to the porch.
What are you doing standing out there in the snow?
The white sand was almost as blinding as snow.
The sand lay white around them like a blanket of snow.
But he had warned her about the cold - warned her about the snow.
When she opened them, they stood outside a stone façade of a compound built into the side of a mountain and surrounded by evergreen trees whose branches were heavy with snow.
The mountains that ringed them remained capped in their winter snow.
The runners might encounter any kind of weather, including freezing temperatures, fog, rain, or snow.
The trails appeared muddy even from the distance and the air smelled of snow.
He breathed in deeply of the scent of snow.
She exited the brightly lit room into the hallway, crossing to look out the nearest window at the falling snow.
The slash in his arm was deep, and maroon blood bubbled into the snow.
Edith Shipton's rental car, blanketed in six inches of fresh snow, remained out front.
Dean never ceased to marvel at the difference of high mountain snow from the heavy, wet precipitation of the East and the endless problems it caused with man and auto.
The town of Ouray was so oblivious to these frequent winter gifts from Mother Nature that snow caused not a hitch in the local activities.
Dean smiled at neighbors as they brushed last night's snow from cars and walkways and went about their lives.
Metal roofs, designed to slip the snow, were a common sight in Ouray.
Mountain winters were always a surprise to lowlanders and easterners, where the chemistry of moisture played games that produced slush and wet snow, not the sparkling crystals so soft a broom could clear a foot-deep snowfall with a few swishes.
No other guests were due to arrive for a few days and with the housework up to date, thanks to the temporary help of Janet, the Deans decided to try out the fresh snow on the cross country trails on Red Mountain.
The famous million dollar highway, which climbed three mountain passes before ending seventy-odd miles later in Durango, was spectacular by anyone's definition, more so after a fresh winter snow.
The warm sun had eaten most of the snow from the roadway, leaving a contrasting black ribbon, in places still snow-patched from last night's covering.
The Deans agreed it was never prettier in Ouray County than after a fresh snow.
While back-country skiing was also popular, the ever constant danger of killing snow slides made marked trails a safer method of enjoying this vigorous sport.
The January sun continued in its brilliance and the rhythmic gliding across the crystal snow, though not exhausting, warmed the couple to the point where even their limited outer cover seemed excessive.
Now the jeep road was closed, as it had been since early fall and would remain so until June, locked in its privacy by several feet of accumulated snow.
Snow shovels and stuff, too.
Little time was spent on the snow.
However, winter locked the mountain jeep roads beneath yards of snow for all but a few short summer weeks.
The boots were a little tight and his legs weren't exactly locked together, but the old exhilaration of gliding over the snow returned immediately.
The view from the top was spectacular, the snow perfect and the trail empty of other skiers.
Dean found the deep powder beyond his limited abilities and Donald Ryland seemed content to stay with him and ski the packed trails, sometimes cutting off to test the moguls and deeper snow at the trail's edge.
He walked from Oak to Main Street yesterday though he didn't see me as his head was bent against the driving snow and I, a distance away.
Dean dreamed of white-dressed hookers smiling and calling to a line of seven little miners who looked suspiciously like Snow White's benefactors.
You get into mixed rock and ice and there's often snow to clear away to get to a hard surface.
I've been on climbs in all kinds of weather, some all day, rappelling down at dusk, nearly in the dark, with wind and snow trying to blow me off the wall.
Your tent has to protect against wind, water and snow to maintain a warm and dry climate inside.
The snow was hard-packed from heavy use but the walking was not difficult.
When the stream became visible, the flow was light, a far cry from the raging torrent Dean remembered from late spring when the melting snow increased the flow of the Uncompahgre a hundred fold.
Donnie remained with his father and his new found ice climbing friends while Dean took his wife's hand and strolled further down the snow covered path, away from the edge.
While the snow was deeper here and the path less traveled, the walking was not difficult.
Someone had cleared the snow from a bench so the Deans sat, catching their breath.
I was a lady for a long and lovely Sunday afternoon while a tan mare serenaded us with her tinkling bells as the runners wooshed along on the packed snow.
Soon they were snuggled beneath a heavy wool robe, gliding contentedly down the snow covered back roads of the Uncompahgre valley.
It was colder than usual, with the sun obscured by clouds, portending the accuracy of a forecast of snow.
The tall trees were draped in a white robe that had drifted to the earth, not snarled their way downward like the wind driven Eastern storms where snow was a dirty word, not the magical hush that mother nature bestowed on the mountains of the west.
Donald Ryland tipped his wool cap to her as he entered, still dripping snow on the kitchen floor.
She says they have plenty of snow up there.
It's begun to snow.
The snow seems to trap me, as it does with the small squirrel I am watching from my window.
The frightened creature is as ill prepared for the season as I and scurries about frantically in the deepening snow in search of sustenance.
The snow began falling before dawn, drifting down with an urgency that heralded a serious accumulation.
A typical year saw four hundred inches of snow fall atop Red Mountain, a hundred and seventy-five inches in Ouray, and perhaps a foot in Montrose, all within fifty miles.
But their wayward helper finally arrived, stomping off snow and apologizing profusely as the others began gathering their mountain of gear and leaving.
Dean turned him around as he was swinging, knocking Shipton flying into a snow bank with a right hand that started at ground level.
Dean leaped on Shipton, clawing away at the soft snow, pummeling him like an eighth grade schoolyard brawler while Shipton, still clutching his ice ax in one hand, swung at Dean, catching him on the cheek and face with the side of the solid handle.
When he finished the chores, he swallowed three aspirins and went outside to shovel the accumulating snow, hoping further activity might dissipate the anger he felt, not only at Shipton, but at himself for losing it in so public and childish manner.
It was difficult to see as the intensity of the falling snow was increasing by the hour.
It was peaceful on the path, in spite of the snow and increased inconvenience of trudging in its depth.
She was standing at the rail, peering down river, dressed in only a sweater, clutching her arms to her body against the snow and chilling cold.
As he came out of the trees and crossed the bridge, he passed the sheriff 's car and emergency vehicles, their bubble gum lights still turning red or blue in the thickening snow.
But Dean's first priority was his wife Cynthia and he continued to jog, forced to concentrate on his footing if he were to remain upright in the gathering snow.
Not only did the intensifying snow make climbing even more dangerous than usual, but Shipton's accident had cloaked a pall over everyone's activities.
She looked away, outside, at the blur of snow as he continued.
Neither spoke until the lights of Montrose glowed through the snow.
The snow continued to fall as Dean pulled in front of Bird Song, angled his Jeep as best he could in the drifts, and climbed to the porch.
The flakes were not large, but unlike most gentle Ouray snow storms, they didn't drift to the ground like tiny dust motes.
The return trip from Grand Junction had taken Dean twice the usual two hours, a slalom of ditched autos, snow plows, ice and stopped traffic.
Sure. Everybody else was watching the climbers, at least what they could see through the snow.
He informed Dean the climbers, who were due to check out later, had left for the ice park, grumbling at the heavy accumulation of snow which was abating to a last-ditch flurry after depositing thirty inches of fluffy white.
We've got about three feet of snow out there that needs shoveling.
Dean had hardly begun clearing the walk of the deep snow before Jake Weller drove up.
Dean managed to whistle down a young boy who agreed to use his snow blower on Dean's unfinished sidewalk, for an amount Dean considered ridiculous, but he knew he needed to get up to snuff on Shipton's fall before he was totally on the defensive.
Maybe he bounced on some of that snow and it broke his fall.
There wasn't near as much snow early yesterday and it's too loosely packed to provide much of a cushion.
I'm surprised anyone found the knife in the snow.
But then he pictured his beautiful wife, her unfailingly sweet and kind nature, and refused his mind's picture of her kneeling there in the snow, calmly sawing Shipton's rope until it parted, plunging him to his bloody death.
When Dean kicked the door loose from the accumulated snow blown against it, he found Jake Weller dressed in civilian clothes, huddled against the frame of the unshoveled rear entrance.
Weller had tromped through several feet of snow and was white to his thighs.
Both high-stepped their way through the deep snow to the plowed alley in the rear of Bird Song.
Dean stamped the snow from his boots.
It was a signature day in Ouray, better than the best of the area's finest painted or photographed images with the sky so blue, the pines so green and the snow so white, you couldn't paint truer colors with an art store's inventory.
Thursday's storm had roared into town with uncommon severity, bringing with it not only more than two feet of fresh snow, but a wind that set the white stuff a-dancing and swirling about the town, like a wild rhumba or some native fertility rite.
As he peddled downhill toward Ridgway, he could see the east side of the valley, exposed to the southern sun, had melted nearly clear of snow while across the valley, draped in shadow most of the day, the western slope retained almost all its recent covering.
However, unlike the highway, the snow here had not yet melted and Dean was forced to return to the main road at the first opportunity to cross back over the river.
She stamped out her cigarette in the snow before pulling a large suitcase from the small rear seat, nearly yanking off the handle and serenading the action with a chorus of curses.
No more midnight trips out in the snow?
The woman, a buxom blonde about forty, Dean guessed, was clothed in a fashion magazine outfit, designed for après snow bunny activity, not actually doing anything in the great outdoors.
Dean rummaged about in the snow among the remaining climbing articles but the leather apparatus he untangled was far too small for his waist.
His gloves, adequate for snow shoveling, were poor equipment to safely grasp a rope that supported his full weight.
Water dripped from above and tiny snowballs cascaded down the slope, bouncing off his un-helmeted head and under his collar as his line scoured the bank of snow above him.
Dean attempted to move, turning his body for a clearer look down at Shipton but the adjustment in his position caused a shower of snow to descend on him, nearly covering his head and shoulders.
Jackson loved being out in the snow, whether skiing or just walking.
Coronet Park, after the first Snow.
Ahead of her, Katie stepped off the wooden porch into the ankle high snow and followed the trail Carmen had broken earlier on her trip to light the stove in the dairy.
The snow crunched under their feet and the icy carried Katie's words back in a cloud of steam.
Are you sure you can handle this thing on snow?
The snow is getting mushy.
It was a good twenty degrees warmer than when they got up this morning and the snow was even beginning to melt - a sure thing to bring on kidding.
The warm wind assisted the sun in melting the snow and most of it was already gone, leaving a trail of sloppy mud to the barn.
The rain would pack down the mud and melt the rest of the snow.
It was still snowing - huge flakes that lit softly on the heavy blanket of snow on the ground.
The cedar tree was bent over with the weight of a heavy load of wet snow.
Snow had drifted across the steps and onto the porch.
I was hoping to see some snow, but this is fantastic.
Was this the first time he had seen snow?
She stepped out into the frigid morning, her boots sinking into the snow with a squeaking sound.
She reached down, scooping up a hand full of the moist snow, and forced it into a loose ball.
So you were hoping it would snow, were you?
He sputtered and wiped the snow from his face, grinning at her as he proceeded to make a snowball of his own.
She squealed and bent over to collect more snow.
From the corner of her eye she saw the gray truck pushing a trail down the drive and dodged out of its path, completely forgetting about the stump hidden under the snow.
She dropped to the snow, clutching her knee and moaning.
A truck door slammed and strong hands plucked her out of the snow.
He released her abruptly and she staggered on the injured leg, nearly falling in the snow again.
Josh had left childhood behind long ago and this little frolic in the snow probably looked anything but innocent to him.
I had to wake him up with a snow ball.
The way he fussed over you at the restaurant and you two frolicking in the snow this morning like two lovers.
A few minutes later she was kicking snow around in the chicken yard until the toe of her boot struck something solid.
She buried a gloved hand in the snow and extracted the half tire that served as a watering trough.
They seemed unconcerned that their feet were buried in snow.
She trudged through the snow to the shed and filled a plastic bucket with pellets.
She sloshed through the slushy snow, splashing icy water on the legs of her jeans.
At least it wasn't a cold wind, and the snow was melting.
His huge feet splashed through the wet snow, slinging it at the goats.
As the airborne snow settled, so did the goats.
There were a dozen such places, and the snow had melted over part of the rocky areas, making tracking almost impossible.
I don't think it's worth trying to snow her anymore.
Rhyn slipped in the muddy snow beneath him and looked around for the angel.
"Jeff finished the deck last fall," she said, "just before the snow.
Snow on the French Riviera?
When Snow stepped in on disc number three, he knew that too— the date of the jam, who was on vibes, snares and keyboard.
The highway to Pagosa Springs followed the San Juan River up the pass to the top of the Rocky Mountains while side streams, arush with melting snow, ice cold to the touch, cascaded down from the roof of the sky, thousands of feet above.
In time the trees began to thin and patches of old snow appeared in ever increasing numbers, tucked in dark crevices, left over from winter storms of months long past.
No doubt Alex still remembered the way she kicked around in the snow for the half tires, stomped them to get the ice out, and then filled them with water carried from the old farm house.
A rare late October snowstorm only visited a half day and the snow didn't stay on the ground long, but it made a serious statement.
The cold front turned into a winter storm that started with freezing rain and ended with snow.
Still, they were blissfully marooned on their little island of snow for another day until the snow melted enough that Alex could get to work.
The sun came out and melted the snow enough that she felt it was safe to get out.
Crunching through the slushy snow, she walked down the drive, up the road and down the Reynolds drive.
The snow had melted on the mountain trail, and the dry gray rocks provided sufficient traction for Ed's hooves as they climbed higher into the hills.
Hopefully the threat wasn't snow.
She knocked the snow off the ledge.
Snow crunched underfoot as he moved closer to the portal.
Darian was thigh deep in snow, though the storm had stopped and the half-moon was out and bright.
He grunted as he dropped into the snow.
Rather than risk Traveling to the center of the phenomenon, Jenn ran down the driveway the vamps had cleared of snow to the narrow country road leading up the mountain to the Black God's hideout.
She trotted until she was parallel to the lights then plunged into the deep snow, forcing her way into the forest.
She threw herself into the snow, watching the lightning slice the air where she'd been.
Jenn chose a small scouting position, hidden from view by rocks and snow.
Within a couple of hours, clouds blocked the moon, and the snow began again.
Though I do like this weather better than the snow.
His magic filled the space around them, bending light and shadows in a way she found as mesmerizing as flames or the falling snow.
At least there's no snow here.
She heard the crunch of snow beneath boots.
Darian's boots crunched snow as he moved closer.
Snow fell heavily outside.
It was midmorning, and the snow still fell.
Snow swirled around her as she strode from the mansion into the cold morning.
Jenn jogged until she was warm then settled into as quick of a walk as she could through the thick forest and tall snow.
Snow fell heavier, until she could barely see the next tree in front of her.
She entered, stomping her feet to clear her legs of snow.
Dark fell, the only light in the cave coming from the snow.
The snow fell in sheets outside the cave.
She could see nothing amid snow and darkness.
The curtain of snow parted finally, and Darian's dark form entered the cave.
The sun had set, and the bright moon made the sand glow like snow.
In winter the varying depth of snow may exert an appreciable effect.
When rain or snow is falling, the potential frequently changes rapidly.
Large Rapid Changes Are Also Met With In The Absence Of Thunder During Heavy Rain Or Snow Fall.
The results obtained from equal weights of rain and snow seem of the same order.
Gockel observed similar effects at Freiburg-though he seems doubtful whether the relationship is direct-but the influence of temperature on I + seemed reduced when the ground was covered with snow.
When the ground was covered by snow the mean value of A was only 42, as compared with 81 when there was no snow.
Such roofs are not suitable for cold climates, for accumulations of snow might overburden the structure and would also cause the wet to penetrate through any small crevices and under flashings.
Snow hardly ever falls near the coast, but is abundant in the higher parts of the island, though none remains throughout the summer.
The winter is short, but exceedingly cold; snow remains on the Prokletia and other mountains till August, and sometimes throughout the year.
In April and May the rivers have opened, the snow has disappeared, and the opportunity has been afforded the farmer of sowing his grain.
In the vicinity of Buenos Aires the climatic conditions vary very little from those of the pampa region; the mean annual temperature is about 63° (maximum 104°; minimum 32°), and the annual rainfall is 34 in.; snow is rarely seen.
Here the mean temperature is between 46° and 48° in summer and 36° and 38° in winter, rains are frequent, and snow falls every month in the year.
The precipitation of rain, snow and hail is about 55 in.
Alone among French rivers, the Rhne, itself Alpine in character in its upper course, is partly fed by Alpine rivers (the Arve, the Isre and the Durance) which have their floodsin spring at the melting of the snow, and are maintained by glacierwater in summer.
Snow falls two years out of three, but soon melts.
The mean winter reading of the thermometer is 54.7, and accompanied as this is by clear skies and an absence of snow, the season is both pleasant and invigorating.
The average annual fall of snow throughout the state is about 90 in., but at Jacksonville near the S.
More snow falls in February than in any other month.
These are the Monte Terminillo, near Leonessa (7278 ft.), and the Monte Velino near the Lake Fucino, rising to 8192 ft., both of which are covered with snow from November till May.
In all the upland valleys of the Abruzzi snow begins to fall early in November, and heavy storms occur often as late as May; whole communities are shut out for months from any intercourse with their neighbours, and some villages are so long buried in snow that regular passages are made between the different houses for the sake of communication among the inhabitants.
Heavy falls of snow in June are not uncommon, and only for a short time towards the end of July are the nights totally exempt from light frosts.
In the same way, whilst in the plains and hills round Naples snow is rarely seen, and never remains long, and the thermometer seldom descends to the freezing-point, 20 m.
High districts covered with oaks and chestnuts succeed to this almost tropical vegetation; a little higher up and we reach the elevated regions of the Pollino and the Sila, covered with firs and pines, and affording rich pastures even in the midst of summer, when heavy dews and light frosts succeed each other in July and August, and snow begins to appear at the end of September or early in October.
Southern Italy indeed has in general a very different climate from the northern portion of the kingdom; and, though large tracts are still occupied by rugged mountains of sufficient elevation to retain the snow for a considerable part of the year, the districts adjoining the sea enjoy a climate similar to that of Greece and the southern provinces of Spain.
It is customary to speak of the disastrous effect, of cold winds, snow, hail and frost, lightning, &c., under the heading of atmospheric influences, which only shows once more how impossible it is to separate causes individually.
Assimilation goes on during the whole year, except during periods of frost or when the plants are buried by snow.
A similar zone surrounds the permanent snow on lofty mountains in all latitudes.
The mean annual rainfall during nine years (1899-1907) was nearly 92 in., about one-eighth of it being represented by snow.
In the north, where the province borders Semipalatinsk, it includes the western parts of the Tarbagatai range, the summits of which (10,000 ft.) do not reach the limit of perpetual snow.
In the Ala-kul steppes the winds blow away the snow.
The next following instalments of vapour, getting diffused throughout a large mass of relatively cold gas, condense into a kind of "snow," known in commerce and valued as "flowers of sulphur" (fibres sulphuris).
The rapid melting of the snow at the same time causes the rivers to swell, and renders a.
Hurricanes accompanied with snow (burans, myatels), and lasting from two to three days, or N.
blizzards without snow, are especially dangerous to man and beast.
there are many permanent lakes without outlet fed by the mountain streams; others, snow fed, occur among the Sierra Nevada; and some in the larger mountain masses of the middle region.
A so-called " rainy season " lasts from October to April, but the precipitation is chiefly in the form of snow on the mountains.
Except at great altitudes snow lies on the ground only a few days each year.
The principal groups are for the greater part of the year covered with snow, which remains in the deeper clefts throughout the summer; the intervals between them are filled by connecting chains which sometimes reach the height of 3000 ft.
These mountains, which include the highest peaks in the world, rise, along their entire length, far above the line of perpetual snow, and few of the passes across the main ridges are at a less altitude than 15,000 or 16,000 feet.
On the west the table-land is prolonged beyond the political limits of Tibet, though with much the same physical features, to about 70°east, beyond which it terminates; and the ranges which are covered with perpetual snow as far west as Samarkand, thence rapidly diminish in height, and terminate in low hills north of Bokhara.
24 along the slopes of the higher mountains, on which the rain falls more abundantly, or the melting snow supplies streams for irrigation.
mountains are said to rise to 20,000 ft., having the appear ance of being permanently covered with snow; the surface seems generally to be clothed with thick wood.
In the winter similar consequences ensue, in a negative direction, from the prolonged loss of heat by radiation in the long and clear nights - an effect which is intensified wherever the surface is covered with snow, or the air little charged with vapour.
It is to the greatly reduced fall of snow on the northern faces of the highest ranges of the Himalaya that is to be attributed the higher level of the snow-line, a phenomenon which was long a cause of discussion.
The most conspicuous features of the entire region, Mount Ararat (16,930 ft.) and Mount Alagoz (13,440 ft.), are both solid masses of trachyte; and both rise above the limits of perpetual snow.
The average annual fall of snow is about 37 in.
Frost and snow are occasionally experienced among the mountains and on the inland plateaus, but never along the coast.
In winter the effect is heightened by the snow which caps all the higher peaks.
Robin Hood is Hod, the god of the wind, a form of Woden; Maid Marian is Morgen, the dawn-maiden; Friar Tuck is Toki, the spirit of frost and snow."
There is no snow.
The best thing to do is to rub them with snow or with cold water.
The St Bernard is a large breed taking its name from the monastery of Mount St Bernard in the Alps, and remarkable for high intelligence and use in rescuing travellers from the snow.
Through the mountain passes come at times dry winds from the Pacific coast, which lick up the snow in a few hours.
This while averaging a lower temperature than (A) is not so subject to change; it retains the snow for sleighing, which is a boon to the farmer.
It is the region in winter of constant ice and snow, but its lower altitude gives it a summer climate with a mean temperature of only 1.6° less than Calgary, and i ï¿½ 8° less than Edmonton.
The Great and Little Schneegruben - two deep rocky gorge-like valleys in which snow remains all the year round - lie to the north of the Hohe Rad.
A light fall of snow is not uncommon in the northern parishes, but in the southern part of the state snow falls not oftener than once in three to five years.
above the average level, and so loose that men and quadrupeds stepping off the beaten track sink as if in snow.
Snow lies in some of the gorges all the year round.
In the sandy part of the desert beyond this strip of fertility both men and beasts, leaving the beaten path, sink as if in loose snow.
The snow-fall is slight, and, except on a few of the loftier peaks, the snow soon melts.
Again the emperor had to admit that his troops could do no more, and bowing to necessity, he distributed them into winter quarters, where, however, the enterprise of the Cossacks, who were no strangers to snow and to forests, left the outposts but little repose.
About noon the 2nd of February Napoleon attacked them, but the weather was terrible, and the ground so heavy that his favourite artillery, the mainstay of his whole system of warfare, was useless and in the drifts of snow which at intervals swept across the field, the columns lost their direction and many were severely handled by the Cossacks.
Although only one or two peaks reach the line of perpetual snow, several of the loftiest summits are snowclad during the greater part of the year.
The whole interior of Greenland is completely covered by the so-called inland ice, an enormous glacier forming a regular shield-shaped expanse of snow and glacier ice, and burying all valleys and mountains far below its surface.
In the interior the surface of the inland ice is composed of dry snow which never melts, and is constantly packed and worked smooth by the winds.
It extends as a completely even plain of snow, with long, almost imperceptible, undulations or waves, at a height of 7000 to 10,000 ft., obliterating the features of the underlying land, the mountains and valleys of which are completely interred.
Approaching the coasts from the interior, the snow of the surface gradually changes its structure.
Nearer the coast, where the melting on the surface is more considerable, the wet snow freezes hard during the winter and is more or less transformed into ice, on the surface of which rivers and lakes are formed, the water of which, however, soon finds its way through crevasses and holes in the ice down to its under surface, and reaches the sea as a sub-glacial river.
to the surface of the ice from the ice-bare coast-land and partly the dust of the atmosphere brought down by the falling snow and accumulated on the surface of the glacier's covering by the melting during the summer.
The drainage of the interior of Greenland is thus partly given off in the solid form of icebergs, partly by the melting of the snow and ice on the surface of the ice-cap, especially near its western margin, and to some slight extent also by the melting produced on its under side by the interior heat of the earth.
The climate is very uncertain, the weather changing suddenly from bright sunshine (when mosquitos often swarm) to dense fog or heavy falls of snow and icy winds.
Such a range is elsewhere found only in deserts, but the surface of the inland ice may be considered to be an elevated desert of snow.'
Nearly the whole state is usually covered with snow during the greater part of winter, and the mean annual fall of snow varies from about 52 in.
Polymitarcys virgo, which, though not found in England, occurs in many parts of Europe (and is common at Paris), emerges from the water soon after sunset, and continues for several hours in such myriads as to resemble snow showers, putting out lights, and causing inconvenience to man, and annoyance to horses by entering their nostrils.
The higher ranges of the Elburz are snow-capped for the greater part of the year, and some, which are not exposed to the refracted heat from the arid districts of inner Persia, are rarely without snow.
Water is plentiful in the Elburz, and situated in well-watered valleys and gorges are innumerable flourishing villages, embosomed in gardens and orchards, with extensive cultivated fields and meadows, and at higher altitudes small plateaus, under snow until March or April, afford cool camping grounds to the nomads of the plains, and luxuriant grazing to their sheep and cattle during the summer.
NEVA, or FIRM, the name given to the partly consolidated masses of snow and ice which form in the hollows on the sides of mountains below the belt of freshly fallen snow and just above the compact glacier-ice.
The neve, which generally consists of broad sheets of great beauty, is formed from the freshly fallen snow during a series of alternate thaws and frosts.
nix, nivis, snow) is adopted from the French dialect of the French Alps; firn is German, meaning "last year's (snow)."
Patches of perpetual snow occur in East Siberia only on the mountains of the far north.
Although very heavy falls of snow take place in the alpine tracts - especially about Lake Baikal - on the other side, in the steppe regions of the Altai and Transbaikalia and in the neighbourhood of Krasnoyarsk, the amount of snow is so small that travellers use wheeled vehicles, and cattle are able to find food in the steppe.
After this short period of frost and snow summer comes in its full beauty; the days are very hot, and, although they are always followed by cold nights, vegetation advances at an astonishing rate.
This observatory, the foundations of which were fixed in the snow that appears to cover the summit to a depth of ten metres, was built in September 1893, and Janssen, in spite of his sixty-nine years, made the ascent and spent four days taking observations.
The rainfall is exceptionally large, and snow lies on some of the loftier elevations for a considerable portion of the year.
According to some, Niobe is the goddess of snow and winter, whose children, slain by Apollo and Artemis, symbolize the ice and snow melted by the sun in spring; according to others, she is an earth-goddess, whose progeny - vegetation and the fruits of the soil - is dried up and slain every summer by the shafts of the sun-god.
Snow falls rarely, and when it does, it melts at once.
The climate though subject to extremes of heat and cold is healthy; in winter the roads are often closed by snow.
There are occasional frosts, but snow is never seen.
The valleys and coast belt, though practically free from malarial fever, are hot and humid, and fires in dwelling houses are seldom required even in the coolest months; the lower plateaus are cool and the air dry; the uplands are bracing and often very cold, with snow on the ground in winter.
In the eastern part of the plateau snow occasionally falls, and frost at night is common during winter.
Snow is most common in the early months of the year.
Snow is seldom seen either in the Chin or Shan hills, but there are snow-clad ranges in the extreme north of the Kachin country.
In winter it is cold and snow often lies for some time.
Snow falls on the Harra and on the Tehama range in northern Arabia, and Nolde records a fall of snow which lay on the Nafud on the 1st of February 1893.
Violent storms occur in spring and autumn, and the rainfall, including snow, amounts to 25 in.
Its summit is frequently draped with snow, and its broken-down crater contains a lake.
In most parts ofithe Peruvian Andes the line of perpetual snow is at 16,400 ft.; but on the Cordillera Nevada, above the Callejon de Huaylas, it sinks to 15,400 ft.
6 (of snow falling to earth).
The climate is good - hot in summer and cold, with snow, in winter.
The climate is generally healthy and equable; on the plateau the summer heat seldom exceeds 86°, and in winter there is little snow.
Nowhere is the region of eternal snow reached, and masses of foliage enhance the gentle aspect of the scenery and glorify it in autumn with tints of striking brilliancy.
These they call respectively the southern schist range, the northern schist range, and the snow range, the last consisting mainly of old crystalline massive rocks.
Winter in these districts does not last more than two months, from the end of December to the beginning of March; for although the latter month is not free from frost and even snow, the balminess of spring makes itself plainly perceptible.
In the northern half of the main island, in Yezo and in the Kuriles, the cold is severe during the winter, which lasts for at least four months, and snow falls sometimes to great depths.
But in the mountainous provinces of the interior and in those along the western coast, deep snow covers the ground throughout the whole winter, and the sky is usually wrapped in a veil of clouds.
The intervening sea being comparatively warm, this wind arrives at Japan having its temperature increased and carrying moisture which it deposits as snow on the western faces of the Japanese mountains.
Still there are about four sunny days for every three on which rain or snow falls, the actual figures being 150 days of snow or rain and 215 days of sunshine.
The formercalled by the Japanese tsubaksma) often be seen glowing fiery red amid snow, but the pink (otorn~ tsubaki), white (shiro-tsubaki) and variegated (shibori-no-tsubaki kinds do not bloom until March or April.
The influence of politics may be strongly traced in the literature of that time, for the first romances produced by the new school were all of a political character: Keikoku Bidan (Model for Statesmen, with Epaminondas for hero) by Yano Fumin; Seichubai(Plum-blossomsin snow) andKwakwan-o(Nightingale Among Flowers) by Suyehiro.
LEBANON (from Semitic laban, " to be white," or "whitish," probably referring not to snow, but to the bare white walls of chalk or limestone which form the characteristic feature of the whole range), in its widest sense is the central mountain mass of Syria, extending for about loo m.
Forest and pasture land do not properly exist: the place of the first is for the most part taken by a low brushwood; grass is not plentiful, and the higher ridges maintain alpine plants only so long as patches of snow continue to lie.
Upon the highest summits are found Saponaria Pumilio (resembling our Silene acaulis) and varieties of Galium, Euphorbia, Astragalus, Veronica, Jurinea, Festuca, Scrophularia, Geranium, Asphodeline, Allium, Asperula; and, on the margins of the snow fields, a Taraxacum and Ranunculus demissus.
The nights in winter are frosty and snow falls occasionally.
They are nowhere covered by perpetual snow, and glaciers do not exist, so that the Carpathians, even in their highest altitude, recall the middle region of the Alps, with which, however, they have many points in common as regards appearance, structure and flora.
Leather, from the hide of the buffalo, imperfectly tanned, furnishes the soles of snow boots.
Snow is seen once or twice in a generation; violent hailstorms occur.
There are no glaciers near its sources, although they must have existed there in geologically recent times, but masses of melting snow annually give rise to floods, which rush through the midst of the valley in a turbid red stream, frequently rendering the river impassable and cutting off the crazy brick bridges at Herat and Tirpul.
which Bilbao is situated; the others, which are numerous, are merely large mountain streams. The climate is rather inclement and variable; but the thermometer seldom drops below freezing point, nor does snow fall frequently in winter except on the highest summits.
It has also been found convenient to take the boundary between the Atlantic and Pacific, as the shortest line across Drake Strait, from Cape Horn through Snow Island to Cape Gunnar, instead of the meridian of Cape Horn.
Experience shows that sea-water can be cooled considerably below the freezing-point without freezing if there is no ice or snow in contact with it.
in the course of a year, while in the Antarctic regions the season's growth is only half as great; in the latter also the accumulated snow is an important factor in the thickness of the ice, and snow is an even worse conductor of heat.
In formation it resembles the limestone Alps of Tirol and there are on its elevated plateaus a number of doline or funnel-shaped depressions into which the melted snow and the rain sink.
The summit is covered with snow for the greater part of the year.
- the Albert Victor Mountains, the Sir Arthur Gordon range, and the Bismarck Mountains form a backbone united probably with the Sneeuw (Snowy) Mts., where perpetual snow was found by Dr. Lorentz in 1909 at 14,635 ft., and the height of Mt.
No snow is known certainly to fall, though it is alleged to have been seen from the sea lying on the summits of the Charles Louis range.
The Eskimo underground houses of sod Hablta- and snow, the Dene (Tinneh) and Sioux bunch of bark.
of Agriculture.) Excepting for extensive and rapid travel over the snow in the Arctic regions by means of dog sleds, the extremely limited transportation by dog travail (or sledge) in the Sioux province, and the use of the llama as a beast of burden Travel.
Snow lies on the mountains for about eight months in the year, and water is everywhere abundant.
The central range has many summits which are almost within the line of perpetual snow, rising to 13,000 ft.
Einhard is said to have visited the emperor's daughter regularly and secretly, and on one occasion a fall of snow made it impossible for him to walk away without leaving footprints, which would lead to his detection.
The view across the hills to Kinchinjunga discloses a glittering white wall of perpetual snow, surrounded by towering masses of granite.
About New York City, and on Long Island, the snow rarely exceeds I ft.
and S.W., bringing warmer weather with rain and snow in winter, and causing days of great heat and humidity, with thunderstorms, in summer.
slope of the Cascades the red fir ceases to be the dominant tree, and between this elevation and the region of perpetual snow, on a few of the highest peaks, rise a succession of forest zones containing principally: (1) yellow pine, red and yellow fir, white fir and cedar; (2) lodgepole pine, white pine, Engelmann spruce and yew; (3) subalpine fir, lovely fir, noble fir, Mertens hemlock, Alaska cedar and tamarack; (4) white-bark pine, Patton hemlock, alpine larch and creeeping juniper.
border counties, the annual rainfall and melted snow amount to from 12 to 24 in., but in the southern half of eastern Washington the Columbia river flows through a wide district of low elevation, where the rainfall and melted snow amount to only 6 to 12 in.
Alsace, and coldest on the summits of the Vosges, where snow lies six months in the year.
Storms endangering life and property occur only in the east, caused by a high north wind with snow or rain and a low temperature.
The east is devoted chiefly to stock raising; for cattle, horses and sheep thrive well on the bunch grass except when it is covered with snow.
None of the summits reaches the region of perpetual snow.
A temperature of - 55° C. is obtained by mixing Jo parts of the hexahydrate with 7 parts of snow.
In northern countries bears retire during the winter into caves and the hollows of trees, or allow the falling snow to cover them, and there remain dormant till the advent of spring, about which time the female usually produces her young.
Of this species Crowther's bear from the Atlas Mountains, the Syrian bear (Ursus arctus pyriacus) and the snow or isabelline bear (Ursus arctus isabellinus) of the Himalaya are local races, or at most subspecies.'
the Murtagh-ata (25,780 ft.), shoot up far above the limits of perpetual snow.
In the east the range is mostly narrow, and dies away on the edge of the Tsaidam depression; but in the west it swells out into the lofty and imposing mass of the Ilve-chimen or Shia-manglay, which is capped with perpetual snow.
The Chimen-tagh rises into imposing summits, some rounded, some pyramidal in outline, which are capped with snow, though the snow melts in summer.
Snow falls all the year round on the Chimen-tagh, even in July, and water is abundant everywhere.
Immediately north of the Arkatagh the country is studded with three or four exceptionally conspicuous and imposing detached mountain masses, all capped with snow and some of them carrying small glaciers.
Its summits are covered with snow for a great part of the year.
On the mountains and the high plateaus the winter is often very severe; snow lies for six months on the higher peaks of the Kabyle mountains.
Here for a whole month the Polish hero held the sultan at bay, till the first fall of autumn snow compelled Osman to withdraw his diminished forces..
of altitude in Khan-tengri, and are covered with snow and glaciers - the only pass through them being the Muzart.
being experienced - but snow lasts only for one and a half months, and the summer heat is tempered by the proximity of the high mountains.
frosts are frequent, but snow rarely falls.
there is a great development of snowfields and glaciers, the passes are buried under snow, and the short summer is rainy.
for the entire state; it is usually distributed evenly throughout the year and very little is in the form of snow.
Snow is unknown, and the average annual rainfall is 25.58 in.
deeply into the:tropical half of the country, carry with them temperate and sub-tropical conditions over much the greater part of the republic. Above the plateau rise the marginal sierras, while a few isolated peaks in the region of perpetual snow give to Mexico a considerable area of cold temperate and a trace of arctic conditions.
In the sierras, above the tierras frias, which are not " cold lands " at all, are the colder climates of the temperate zone, suitable for cereals, grazing and forest industries, and, farther up, the isolated peaks which rise into the regions of snow and ice.
part of the state the annual fall of snow is from 7 to 8 ft., but in the S.E.
The climatic effects of relief are seen directly in the ascent of the higher mountain ranges to altitudes where low temperatures prevail, thus preserving snow patches through the summer on the high summits (over 12,000 ft.) in the south, and maintaining snowfields and moderate-sized glaciers on the ranges in the north.
Flora.The Alpine flora, which is found in the United States only on the tops of those mountains which rise above the limit of trees, consists principally of a variety of plants which bloom as soon as the snow melts and for a short season make a brilliant display of colors.
The rest of the rivers flowing into the Pacific pass through British Columbia and are much shorter, though the two southern ones carry a great volume of water owing to the heavy precipitation of snow and rain in the Cordilleran region.
The snow line in the south is from 7500 to 9 000 ft.
The snow line gradually sinks as one advances north-west, reaching only 2000 or 3000 ft.
The winter storms often sweep a little to the north of southern Ontario, so that what falls as snow in the north is rain in the south, giving a much more variable winter, often with too little snow for sleighing.
The snow and the frost in the ground are considered useful as furnishing moisture to start the wheat in spring.
In southern Alberta, however, the winter cold is often interrupted by chinooks, westerly winds which have lost their moisture by crossing the mountains and become warmed by plunging down to the plains, where they blow strongly, licking up the snow and raising the temperature, sometimes in a few hours, from 20 to 40° F.
The temperature depends largely, of course, on altitude, so that one may quickly pass from perpetual snow above 8000 ft.
The raven frequently remains even in the colder parts throughout the winter; these, with the Canada jay, waxwing, grosbeak and snow bunting, being the principal birds seen in Manitoba and northern districts in that season.
Every year there are, normally, two distinct periods of high water; one an early freshet due mainly to the heavy winter rainfall on the lower river, when the upper river is still frozen hard; the other in the late spring, due to the setting in of rains along the upper courses also, and to the melting of the snow in the mountains.
The summits of the highest peaks are bare, but even on them snow seldom lies throughout the summer.
of Chalcis, rises the highest of its mountains, Dirphysor Dirphe,now Mount Delphi (5725 ft.),the bare summit of which is not entirely free from snow till the end of May, while its sides are clothed with pines and firs, and lower down with chestnuts and planes.
The climate is generally mild and healthy, although, among the higher mountains, the snow lies for several months.
During each winter there is usually one fall of snow in the S.
and two in the N.; but the snow quickly disappears, and sometimes, during an entire winter, the ground is not covered with snow.
Snow, Notes on the Kurile Islands (London, 1896).
The soft inner bark is occasionally used in Siberia as a ferment, by hunters and others, being boiled and mixed with rye-meal, and buried in the snow for a short time, when it is employed as a substitute for other leaven, and in making the sour liquor called " quass."
Snow falls on an average only on seven days per annum.
Several of these rodents live in the Andes, where the ground is covered for months with snow.
Snow' and by E.
of Mauna Loa, and blending with it in an intervening plateau, is Mauna Kea (" White Mountain," so named from the snow on its summit), with a much smaller base but with steeper slopes and a crowning cinder cone 13,823 ft.
of elevation the temperature falls about 1 ° F., and snow lies for most of the time on the highest mountains.
Their food is entirely vegetable, especially grass roots and stalks, shoots of dwarf birch, reindeer lichens and mosses, in search of which they form, in winter, long galleries through the turf or under the snow.
Here the snow lies late and moisture is abundant - but on the southern sun-scorched cliffs but little vegetation is to be seen.
The higher summits, which often reach a height of 7000-8000 ft., are usually covered with snow until July or August, and the whole region is one of the wildest and most picturesque parts of Spain.
Some of the higher mountains are covered with perpetual snow, a luxury which is highly prized by the inhabitants of the valleys, where the summer is usually extremely hot, and in winter the snow falls only to melt when it reaches the ground.
On the other hand, since the spurs of the Taurus bring the winter cold a long way south, and the cold increases from west to east as we leave the mild coast of the Mediterranean, far down into the Mesopotamian plain the influence of the snowcovered ridges can be felt, and in the higher parts of the plain snow and ice are not infrequent; and although there is no point of sufficient altitude to retain snow for long, the temperature may fall as low as 14° F., especially if the cold north winds are blowing.
In the mountain region and in the vicinity of Lake Erie there is often a fall of several inches of snow during the winter months and the rapid melting of this produces floods on the Delaware, Susquehanna and Ohio rivers and some of their tributaries.
The southern slopes of the Dang la are deluged with rain, hail and snow throughout the year.
In March snow still lies deep in the Tsaidam passes, while Wellby found the heat oppressive in June at 16,000 ft.
Snow falls early and lies late in the mountains, and there is a heavy rainfall in the north-west.
Snow sometimes lies, and ice is stored for summer use.
In winter it is often so deeply covered with snow as to be well-nigh inaccessible, while in spring and autumn it is frequently flooded by the waters of a small brook which becomes a torrent after rain or a thaw.
The reason of this is readily understood when it is borne in mind how disadvantageous to the function of sight is the unpigmented condition of an albino's eyeball; a disadvantage which would be probably much accentuated, in the cases now under consideration, by the bright glare from the surface of the snow, which forms the natural environment of these animals at the particular period of the year when the winter change occurs.
Their chief importance, however, is that in Lapland and other northern countries they supply the winter food of the reindeer and other animals, who scrape away the snow and eagerly feed upon them.
But the low temperature causes the moisture-laden winds to deposit here greater quantities of rain and snow than in the semi-arid regions below, which not only promote the growth of vegetation, but cause the activity of the springs, geysers and waterfalls.
Much of this is in the form of snow, and nearly half of it is during the four months from December to March; in the four dryest months, from July to October, it is only 4.4 in.
Some snow falls in every month except July and August, and the average annual snowfall amounts to 94.7 in.
Snow is often seen, and the thermometer is frequently below freezing-point.
(2) A name properly applied to the Felis uncia or snow leopard.
But if we confine the meaning of the term Alps to those parts of the chain that are what is commonly called " Alpine," where the height is sufficient to support a considerable mass of perpetual snow, our boundaries to the west and to the east must be placed at spots other than those mentioned above.
The effect of mountain-chains on prevailing winds is to carry warm air belonging to the lower region into an upper zone, where it expands in volume at the cost of a proportionate loss of heat, often accompanied by the precipitation of moisture in the form of snow or rain.
The accumulation of vast masses of snow, which have gradually been converted into permanent glaciers, maintains a gradation of very different climates within the narrow space that intervenes between the foot of the mountains and their upper ridges; it cools the breezes that are wafted to the plains on either side, but its most important function is to regulate the water-supply of that large region which is traversed by the streams of the Alps.
Nearly all the moisture that is precipitated during six or seven months is stored up in the form of snow, and is gradually diffused in the course of the succeeding summer; even in the hottest and driest seasons the reserves accumulated during a long preceding period of years in the form of glaciers are available to maintain the regular flow of the greater streams. Nor is this all; the lakes that fill several of the main valleys on the southern side of the Alps are somewhat above the level of the plains of Lombardy and Venetia, and afford an inexhaustible supply of water, which, from a remote period, has been used for that system of irrigation to which they owe their proverbial fertility.
The protection afforded by winter snow enables the plant to resist severe and prolonged frosts, such as would be fatal in more exposed situations.
Here snow usually lies for several months, till it gives place to a spring and summer considerably warmer than the average of British seasons.
Throughout the Teutonic region of the Alps the word Alp is used specifically for the upper pastures where cattle are fed in summer, but this region is held to include the whole space between the uppermost limit of trees and the first Alpine p pp appearance of permanent masses of snow.
The upper limit of this region coincides with the so-called limit of perpetual snow.
On the higher parts of lofty mountains more snow falls in each year than is melted on the spot.
surface, and is gradually converted into glacier-ice, which descends by a slow secular motion into the deeper valleys, where it goes to swell perennial streams. As on a mountain the snow does not lie in beds of uniform thickness, and some parts are more exposed to the sun and warm winds than others, we commonly find beds of snow alternating with exposed slopes covered with brilliant vegetation; and to the observer near at hand there is no appearance in the least corresponding to the term limit of perpetual snow, though the case is otherwise when a high mountain-chain is viewed from a distance.
Still, even with these reservations, the so-called line of perpetual snow is not fixed.
The occurrence of favourable meteorological conditions during several successive seasons may and does increase the extent of the snow-fields, and lower the limit of seemingly permanent snow; while an opposite state of things may cause the limit to rise higher on the flanks of the mountains.
Hence all attempts to fix accurately the level of perpetual snow in the Alps are fallacious, and can at the best approach only to local accuracy for a particular district.
These conditions are satisfied in English Miles o 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 £30 Peaks Passes Glaciers Land above 1500 feet left white Emery Walker sG As very little snow can rest on rocks that lie at an angle exceeding 60°, and this is soon removed by the wind, some steep masses of rock remain bare even near the summits of the highest peaks, but as almost every spot offering the least hold for vegetation is covered with snow, few flowering plants are seen above ii,000 ft.
As might be expected, the main chain boasts of more glaciers and eternal snow than the independent or external ranges.
11,520 Col de la Casse Deserte (La Berarde to La Grave), snow.
11,516 Col Emile Pic (La Grave to Vallouise), snow.
11,205 Col du Glacier Blanc (La Grave to Vallouise), snow.
ï¿½ 10,854 Col du Sele (La Berarde to Vallouise), snow 10,834 Breche de la Meije (La Berarde to la Grave), snow..
10,827 Col de la Temple (La Berarde to Vallouise), snow.
10,772 Col des Aiguilles d'Arves (Valloire to St Jean d'Arves), snow 10,335 Col du Says (La Berarde to the Val Gaudemar), snow.
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