Sleepers sentence example
Thus it may fairly be said that the railway system of the United States was reconstructed between 1896 and 1905, so far as concerns rails, sleepers, ballast and the general capacity of a given group of lines to perform work.
From the falling of rails, sleepers, &c., when at work on the line .
There was no time for Cynthia to talk to her husband, who was busy serving breakfast to the late sleepers while she showed Maria, by hand communication, the upstairs chores of Bird Song.
The planks were of wood, often beech, a few inches wide, and were fastened down, end to end, on logs of wood, or " sleepers," placed crosswise at intervals of two or three feet.
In subsequent modifications the fishes were, as they continue to be, bolted to and through the rails, the sleepers being placed rather further apart and the joint being generally suspended between them.Advertisement
The ballast consists of such materials as broken stone, furnace slag, gravel, cinders or earth, the lower layers commonly consisting of coarser materials than the top ones, and its purpose is to provide a firm, well-drained foundation in which the sleepers or crossties may be embedded and held in place, and by which the weight of the track and the trains may be distributed over the road-bed.
The intervals between the sleepers are filled in level with ballast, 12'2' FIG.
Stone blocks were tried as sleepers in the early days of railways, but they proved too rigid, and besides, it was found difficult to keep the line true with them.
Steel sleepers were used experimentally on the London & 'Forth-Western, but were abandoned owing to the shortness of their life.
Numerous forms of ferro-concrete sleepers have also been devised.Advertisement
In Great Britain, Germany and France, at least 90% of the wooden sleepers are " treated " before they are laid, to ii.crease their resistance to decay, and the same practice is followed to some extent in other European countries.
There are two main ways of attaching the rails to the sleepers, corresponding to two main types of rails - the bull-headed rail A B FIG.
The chairs on the British system weigh about 45 or 50 lb each on important lines, though they may be less where the traffic is light, and are fixed to the sleepers each by two, three or four fastenings, either screw spikes, or round drift bolts entered in holes previously bored, or fang bolts or wooden trenails.
Here the crane-post is extended into a long mast and is furnished with pivots at the top and bottom; the mast is supported by two " back ties," and these are connected to the socket of the bottom pivot by the " sleepers."
Gangaw (Messua ferrea) the Assam iron-wood, is suitable for sleepers; and didu (Bombax insigne) is used for tea-boxes and packing-cases.Advertisement
Sleepers, called ties or cross-ties in America, are the blocks or slabs on which the rails are carried.
Some railway companies, however, having a long mileage in timberless regions, do " treat " their sleepers.
The rails, which for heavy main line traffic may weigh as much as too lb per yard, or even more, are rolled in lengths of from 30 to 60 ft., and sleepers are placed under them at intervals of between 2 and 3 ft.
On the London & North-Western railway there are 24 sleepers to each 60 ft.
Occasionally the joints thus formed are " supported " on a sleeper, as was the practice in the early days of railway construction, but they are generally " suspended " between two sleepers, which are set rather more closely together than at other points in the rail.Advertisement
Preferably, they are so arranged that those in both lines of rails come opposite each other and are placed between the same pair of sleepers.
Flat-bottomed rails are fastened to the sleepers by hookheaded spikes, the heads of which project over the flanges.
In the United States the spikes are simply driven in with a maul, and the rails stand upright, little care being taken to prepare seats for them on the sleepers, on which they soon seat themselves.
The simplicity is great; they can be quickly mounted and dismounted; the correct gauge can be perfectly maintained; the sections of rails and sleepers (which are of iron) are very portable, and skilled labour is not required to lay or to take them up; the making of a " turn-out " is easy, by taking out a 15 ft.
In addition to teak, which provides the bulk of the revenue, the most valuable woods are sha or cutch, india rubber, pyingado, or ironwood for railway sleepers, and padauk.Advertisement
The rails used are of flat bottomed or bridge section varying in weight from 15 to 25 lb to the yd.; they are laid upon cross sleepers in a temporary manner, so that they can be easily shifted along the working faces, but are carefully secured along main roads intended to carry traffic continuously for some time.
They are applied on one side of the cage only, forming a complete vertical railway, carried by iron cross sleepers, with proper seats for the rails instead of wooden buntons; the cage is guided by curved shoes of a proper section to cover the heads of the rails.
For railway bridges it commonly consists of cross girders, attached to or resting on the main girders, and longitudinal rail girders or stringers carried by the cross girders and directly supporting the sleepers and rails.
In railway bridges the weight of sleepers, rails, &c., is 0.2 to 0.25 tons per ft.
The thinnings of the larch woods in the Highlands are in demand for railway sleepers, scaffold poles, and mining timber, and are applied to a variety of agricultural purposes.Advertisement
The same is true of xviii., which at first sight seems to fall into several pieces; the history of the seven sleepers, the grotesque narrative about Moses, and that about Alexander " the Horned," are all connected together, and the same rhyme through the whole sura.
Under Greek influence he was identified with Pan, and just as there was supposed to be a number of Panisci, so the existence of many Fauni was assumed - misshapen and mischievous goblins of the forest, with pointed ears, tails and goat's feet, who loved to torment sleepers with hideous nightmares.
Musa into Asia Minor to find out all about the Seven Sleepers which he discovered in the neighbourhood of Arabissus,' and Sallam the Interpreter to explore the situation of the famous wall of Gog and Magog, which he reached at the north-west frontier of China.
Gregory also left a life of St Andrew, translated from the Greek, and a history of the Seven Sleepers of Ephesus, translated from Syriac.
The seven sleepers are a favourite subject in early medieval art.Advertisement
In England the cluster-pine has been largely planted on sandy districts near the sea, and has become naturalized in Purbeck and other wild tracts in the southern counties, but the summer heat is too small to permit of its resinous products acquiring any value; the soft coarse wood, though perishable in the natural state, has been used for railway sleepers after saturation with creosote or preservative solutions.
They are remarkably heavy sleepers, and are readily captured by the inhabitants ascending the trees on which they roost, and noosing them before they awaken.
Children who are very heavy sleepers may need an alarm clock that uses a vibrating pad and a flashing light to wake them.
The day that followed the wreck was well advanced before the sleepers awakened.
The garden was designed with further recycled resources in mind using old chimney pots, railroad sleepers and cockle shells from the local beach.Advertisement
Showing a woodland clearing with what appears to be a row of railroad sleepers in the foreground.
Single sleepers had as an inn a lone humpback whale fruit peddlers florists.
Across the entrance is a gate made of sleepers and telegraph poles to stop the debris.
Would you believe that they are now going to ban railroad sleepers (railroad ties )?
The condition of the remaining track varies from quite good, some relatively new on concrete sleepers to worn out on rotted wooden sleepers.Advertisement
The job involves laying sleepers out on the ground, placing chairs on top of the sleepers, followed by screwing in bolts.
The shelter door opened to rough sleepers at 8.00pm to 8.00am for the first time on 15th March.
For details see Caledonian sleepers or call National Rail Enquiries on 08457 484950.
This keeps this section in tip top condition with no rotten sleepers.
The new concrete sleepers can be seen laid out to the left of the photo.Advertisement
In 1876 the railroad was rebuilt on a new course with steel rails laid on wooden sleepers.
The pull-out force required to remove the screw spikes is similar for both the recycled plastic and softwood sleepers.
The rails were mounted on either stone blocks or timber sleepers.
Wooden sleepers continued to be used, the rails being secured by spikes passing through the extremities, but about 1793 stone blocks also began to be employed--an innovation associated with the name of Benjamin Outram, who, however, apparently was not actually the first to make it.
If we do not get out sleepers, and forge rails, and devote days and nights to the work, but go to tinkering upon our lives to improve them, who will build railroads?
Did you ever think what those sleepers are that underlie the railroad?
They are sound sleepers, I assure you.
Would you believe that they are now going to ban railroad sleepers (railroad ties)?
They are arranged over different levels, which are serviced by a series of paths with steps, part created by using railroad sleepers.
Unlike the big cities, rough sleepers are rarely seen.
The formation was dug down slightly where it had become rucked up and then the sleepers were laid out.
For details see Caledonian Sleepers or call National Rail Enquiries on 08457 484950.
Railroad sleepers can be carried using metal pins pushed through existing holes in the sleeper.
Clothes-You'll change your baby's clothing several times during the day, so it is a good idea to have plenty of sleepers, gowns, and onesies on hand.
Dressing and undressing an infant can be quite a chore, however, and adjusting a car seat to baby's heavy sleepers and coats can be exhausting as well as unpleasant for baby.
Instead, dress him appropriately in footed pajamas and blanket sleepers.
Babies can soil several gowns and sleepers throughout the day.
Your best bet is to purchase gowns and sleepers to keep your baby warm and to allow plenty of room for any wires or tubes.
If your premature baby has been in the hospital for quite some time, chances are he/she hasn't been able to wear the sweet little sleepers found on most newborns.
Gymboree's smallest size ("up to 7 pounds") often fits preemies well, and this is especially true with their sleepers.
No matter where you live, you'll find preemie onesies and sleepers in the tiniest of sizes.
Preemie-Yums carries a strong selection of preemie duds, including NICU approved sleepers.
You can find affordable multi-packs of many basic clothing items, including onesies, sleepers, and gowns.
Sleeping clothes include gowns, onesies, undershirts and sleepers.
Whether they are used as sofas, sleepers or a combination of both, they offer the owner versatility for entertaining.
With some help, you'll surely find the perfect alarm clock that will wake up even the deepest of sleepers.
Several different strategies have been implemented into a wide variety of alarm clocks for sound sleepers.
As one of the more effective alarm clocks for deep sleepers, this product forces you to do thirty bicep curls of its dumbbell shaped body before the alarm is turned off.
However the movement should wake up even the deepest of sleepers.
Sound sleepers find this useful as often they wake up once, only to fall back to sleep again.
Many cats and dogs can share the same type of bed, which is why pet retailers may not always offer sleepers specifically labeled as cat beds even though they can serve that function perfectly well.
The earliest bunk beds required sleepers to climb up the ends of them to reach the top bunk or be hoisted by another person.
Have a list of "sleepers" in addition to more obvious picks.
A light comforter is ideal for sleepers who prefer to remain cool, while a heavier model provides essential comfort in cold climates.
Newborn sleepers range from $15 to $20 with bibs and other accessories such as bibs and hats for baby are priced around $5.
Footed sleepers, gowns, hats, and booties are also available.
Dressing your baby in organic baby sleepers and onesies also gives baby a good, healthy start.
Mask moves while sleeping - Side sleepers often find that their masks get shoved to the side while sleeping.
On the other hand, most sleepers have no memory of the night terror when they wake up.
Sleep masks primarily work to reduce external light and are great for daytime sleepers who want a reasonable facsimile of night time darkness to sleep in.
Some sleepers feel that the mask is claustrophobic, causing them to have difficulty wearing the mask every time they sleep.
Some sleepers are not comfortable with the feel of a mask over their nose or face while they are sleeping.
If they are side sleepers, they may also experience a slippage of the mask to the side when the face touches the pillow.
Irregular sleepers, such as those who work late nights or do not go to sleep at the same time daily, are often prone to insomnia.
Sleepers who breathe through their mouth when they sleep may find that wearing a chinstrap keeps their mouth shut.
Switching from a nasal mask to a nasal pillow mask can often alleviate many sleeping problems, particularly for slide sleepers who tend to fight with slipping nasal masks throughout the night.
Those who are regularly poor sleepers will benefit from valerian use.
Side sleepers may have to adjust to sleeping on their back to accommodate the mask.
For example, some masks are designed to protrude a little more from the face, providing a little extra room for sleepers with more prominent noses.
Many sleepers find that they wake in the same sleep position in spite of their attempts to change their habits.
Some approaches encourage sleepers to avoid sleeping on their backs.
Side sleepers who curl up in the fetal position are more likely to be female and to be sensitive.
Stomach sleepers were rated as being more gregarious and uncomfortable with criticism.
For additional back support, putting a pillow or rolling a towel under your knees can help back sleepers.
Stomach sleepers can also get further support with a pillow that is placed below the abdomen.
Even though side sleeping is better for combating snoring than sleeping on your back is, many side sleepers still have trouble with snoring.
There is also extra support built into the pillow for side and back sleepers, as well as proper positioning of the head and neck.
You can find a variety of fashions at toy stores, including sleepers, dresses, jumpers and other playwear.
A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 128 volunteers showed that valerian significantly improved the sleep habits of self-described poor sleepers and insomniacs by effectively reducing sleep latency.
Furthermore, another study found that the sleep aid did not have any effects, good or bad, on self-described healthy sleepers.
Since Valerian is the main ingredient in Alteril, experts agree that the sleep aid should substantially help poor sleepers get a good night's rest.
These characteristics make it a great choice for poor sleepers and insomniacs who can't tolerate the side effects of heavier narcotics and who don't want to risk becoming dependent on sleep enhancing drugs.
The supplement has the potential to help many poor sleepers and insomniacs finally get the sleep they need.
These one-piece costumes are similar to onesies or newborn sleepers.
Bunnies make great bunting and sleepers for the tiniest trick-or-treaters.
This noise can be the ringing of a bell, a radio, a digital noise or a wide selection of other rings and tones suitable to raise even the deepest of sleepers.
Heavy sleepers - People who have deep sleeping patterns can quite happily sleep through an alarm.
A loud alarm clock can wake up even the soundest of sleepers!
Many people allow themselves a set number of "snoozes" before getting up and this is a good choice of alarm clock for sound sleepers.
The level can also be adjusted so a quiet alarm can be sounded if appropriate or a loud alarm for sound sleepers.
Sounds of the jungle accompany Momo's open eyes to alert sound sleepers that morning has broken.
While a fair amount of sleepers already enjoy a memory foam surface, few yogis are taking advantage of the fact that this material is now being made into yoga mats.
The brilliance of these fun and comfy pajamas, also called sleepers, is that they look and fit exactly like the giant onesie you may have worn as a child.
Jumpin' Jammerz also has a huge selection of adult sleepers.
Because the idea of soft and furry pajamas is so cute, you'd think the sleepers would be impossible to avoid every winter.
If you want something in a soft, truly fur-like garment, that doesn't exist, but you can find animal sleepers in warm polar fleece.
If you want something even more wild, you can opt for the leopard or zebra sleepers.
All the best pattern companies have patterns for toddlers' sleepers and while they don't necessarily have them for adults, you can use animal Halloween costume patterns instead.
Footed pajamas, also called sleepers, are nearly always one piece and either zip, snap or button up the front.
Their sleepers come in green plaid and are 100 percent cotton, or you can get gray fleece in cotton/poly.
These pajamas come in a variety of styles and sizes, and are available for women and men alike -- not to mention cute sleepers for your kids as well.
They were supported on sleepers by chairs at intervals of 3 ft., and were fish-bellied between the points of support.