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skull

skull

skull Sentence Examples

  • She repeated that the skull was crushed.

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  • - End view of skull of a Chicken fo three weeks old, X 8 diameters.

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  • - Skull of nestling Sparrow !'

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  • - Front view of Skull of Thylacoleo carnifex, restored.

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  • Fred scratched his head as he held up the skull for close examination.

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  • The skull of the driver bore the distinctive damage Howie had received in his earlier accident.

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  • Cody, sprawled in the middle of the street after being hit by a car, blood trickling from his skull into a nearby storm drain.

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  • They are of middle height and dark complexion, with generally straight nose, small round skull, small sharp chin and large full eyes, which are expressive, however, rather of cunning than intelligence.

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  • The skull was cracked and broken.

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  • - Skull of adult Fowl.

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  • Part of the membranous roof between the supra-occipital and parietal bones frequently remains unossified and presents in the macerated skull a pair of fontanelles.

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  • - Skull of Caenolestes obscurus.

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  • - Front view of Skull of the Koala (Phascolarctus cinereus) to exhibit Diprotodont type of dentition.

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  • Someone might have wondered about his skull being caved in.

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  • So let us cease this talk of skull crushing and converse upon more pleasant subjects.

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  • One has hitherto supposed that he was related to the Mediterraneans, the race to which the Bronze Age Greeks and Italians belonged; but this supposed connexion may well break down in the matter of skull form, as the Hittite skull, like that of the modern Anatolian, probably inclined to be brachycephalic. whereas that of the Mediterranean inclined in the other direction, And now the Bohemian Assyriologist Prof. Hrozny has brought forward evidence s that the cuneiform script adopted by the Hittites from the Mesopotamians expressed an Indo-European tongue, nearly akin to Latin!

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  • Darkyn's lie detector skill gave Deidre a tingling at the base of her skull that she took to be a red flag.

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  • x., 1878; " Skull in the Ostrich Tribe," Phil.

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  • He felt a tingle at the base of his skull, one that warned him she was using some sort of magic on him.

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  • The back of his skull buzzed harder until he wondered if his scalp was about to spin off and fly away.

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  • The skeleton is cartilaginous, and the skull is remarkable for the very elongate suspensorium of the lower jaw; the tail remains in the notochordal condition, no cartilages being formed in this organ, which is destined to disappear with the gills.

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  • From the rough comparison of the skeleton of a bird with that of a man by Pierre Delon, in the 16th century (to go no further back), down to the theory of the limbs and the theory of the skull at the present day; or, from the first demonstration of the homologies of the parts of a flower by C. F.

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  • This skull is unusually schizognathous, the vomer (v.) being very small, and the maxillo - palatine process (mxp) much aborted.

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  • In many owls the right and left ears are asymmetrical, and this asymmetry affects the whole of the temporal region, all the bones which surround the outer and middle ear, notably the squamosal and the quadrate, so that the skull becomes lopsided, one ear being turned obliquely down, the other upwards.

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  • This skin, with the skull and antlers, was sent to Paris, where it was described in 1866 by Professor Milne-Edwards.

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  • The only artificial deformity is a depression of the skull, chiefly among one of the southern tribes, caused by the pressure of a strap used for carrying loads.

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  • A skull, a coffin, the Gospel--it seemed to him that he had expected all this and even more.

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  • The fifth demon had finished him off by crushing his skull and taking his soul.

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  • The sea breeze seemed to pierce her skull and ruffle through her brain.

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  • The tympanic process of the alisphenoid bone of the skull is short, not covering the cavity of the tympanum, nor reaching the paroccipital process.

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  • The character of this skull and the compound rhamphotheca (known by the imprints left upon the jaws) indicate affinities with the Steganopodes.

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  • This development, which is accompanied by changes in the structure of the skull, depends on breeding the animals in warm damp hutches, without which the best developed parents fail to produce the desired offspring.

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  • This development, which is accompanied by changes in the structure of the skull, depends on breeding the animals in warm damp hutches, without which the best developed parents fail to produce the desired offspring.

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  • - Front View of Skull of the Tasmanian Devil (Sarcophilus ursinus) to exhibit polyprotodont type of dentition.

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  • On the other hand, the considerably smaller Nototherium, characterized by its sharp and broad skull and smaller incisors, seems to have been much more wombat-like, and may perhaps have possessed similar burrowing habits.

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  • The skull is abnormally thick and the cerebral capacity small.

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  • In view of these differences from the domesticated breed, and the resemblance of the skull or lower jaw to that of the extinct European species, it becomes practically impossible to regard the wild camels as the offspring of animals that have escaped from captivity.

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  • That chapter of comparative anatomy (together with other anatomical details, for which see the separate articles) is now dealt with in the article Skull; here only the most avine features are alluded to, and since some of Parker's original illustrations have been retained, the description has been shortened considerably.

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  • One general feature of the adult bird's skull is the almost complete disappearance of the sutures between the bones of the cranium proper, whilst another is the great movability of the whole palatal and other suspensorial apparatus.

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  • (I) Cervical vertebrae, or those between the skull and the first vertebra which is connected with the sternum by a pair of complete ribs.

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  • 156, 1866; " Skull of Common Fowl," ibid.

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  • 159, 1870; " Skull of Picidae," T.

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  • The skull and sternum were at the time unknown, and indeed the whole order, without doubt entirely extinct, rested exclusively on the celebrated fossil, then unique, Archaeopteryx.

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  • Among the filthiest are the Aghoris, who preserve the ancient cannibal ritual of the followers of Siva, eat filth, and use a human skull as a drinking-vessel.

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  • The skull is I There are no native names either in Teutonic or Celtic languages; such words as German Kaninchen or English cony are from the Latin cuniculus, while the Irish, Welsh and Gaelic are adaptations from English.

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  • The skull is abnormally thick and the cerebral capacity small.

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  • The skull looked up through hollow eyes, just as the flashlight died, plunging the pair into a blackened void of darkness.

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  • If this here skull wasn't broken, maybe someone would think it was the real McCoy—at least in the dark or from a distance.

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  • Thus various parts of criminals, such as the thigh bone of a hanged man, moss grown on a human skull, &c., were used, and even the celebrated Dr Culpeper in the 17th century recommended " the ashes of the head of a coal black cat as a specific for such as have a skin growing over their sight."

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  • The corpse may be burnt, in part or as a whole; portions may be assigned to the priest, the sacrificer and the gods; the skull, bones, &c., may receive special treatment; the fat or blood may be set aside, and they or the ashes may be singled out as the share of the god, to be offered upon the altar; the skin of the victim may be employed as a covering for the idol or material representative of the god, either permanently or till the next annual sacrifice.

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  • "I'm glad of that," said Jim; "for I, also, have a conscience, and it tells me not to crush in your skull with a blow of my powerful hoof."

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  • In addition to the absence of prehensile power in their tails, douroucoulis, also known as night-apes, are distinguished by their large eyes, the sockets of which occupy nearly the whole front of the upper part of the skull, the partition between the nostrils being in consequence narrower than usual.

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  • The first thing I saw was his skull.

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  • There, staring up at the group, nestled in an assortment of other bones, packed into a grubby plaid shirt, was a cracked white skull.

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  • But if somebody were playing a joke, why smash the skull?

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  • And a human-looking skull.

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  • The coolness of his touch turned to gentle electric currents that worked their paths through her skull.

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  • Krum is said to have made a drinkingcup of Nicephorus's skull.

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  • Calaveras skull >>

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  • In connexion with the large size of the ears is the excessive inflation of the auditory bulla of the skull.

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  • Skull.

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  • vi.; "Skull of Aegithognathous Birds," ibid.

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  • In birds, this stalk consists entirely of blood-vessels, which in the adult enclose no terminal vesicle, and fuse with the membranous linings of the skull.

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  • in plovers, they extend upon the forehead, causing deep impressions on the bones of the skull.

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  • The somewhat imperfect skull of an extinct species of musk-ox from the gravels of the Klondike has enabled Mr W.

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  • The skull, which is probably that of a female, differs from the ordinary musk-ox by the much smaller and shorter horn-cores, which are widely separated in the middle line of the skull, where there is a groove-like depression running the whole length of the forehead.

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  • of the Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections) its describer refers the Klondike skull to a new genus, with the title Symbos tyrrelli, the specific name being given in honour of its discoverer.

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  • This, however, is not all, for Mr Osgood points out that a skull discovered many years ago in the vicinity of Fort Gibson, Oklahoma, and then named Ovibos or Bootherium cavifrons, evidently belongs to the same genus.

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  • That skull indicates a bull, and the author suggests that it may possibly be the male of Symbos tyrrelli, although the wide separation of the localities made him hesitate to accept this view.

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  • A third type of musk-ox skull is, however, known from North America, namely one from the celebrated Big-Bone Lick, Kentucky, on which the genus and species Bootherium bombifrons was established, which differs from all the others by its small size, convex forehead and rounded horn-cores, the latter being very widely separated, and arising from the sides of the skull.

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  • The skull is elongated, with the orbit not separated from the temporal fossa and the nasals, which may or may not carry horns, reaching at least as far forwards as the union of the premaxillae.

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  • The post-glenoid, post-tympanic and paroccipital processes of the skull are large, and there is an alisphenoid canal.

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  • The postglenoid, post-tympanic and paroccipital processes of the skull are large; the second of these being always distinct.

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  • Skull elevated and compressed; with the orbit and temporal fossa widely continuous, there being no true post-orbital process from the frontal bone.

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  • The facial portion of the skull is generally shorter than the cranial; the orbit is freely open behind; and the premaxillae tend to be reduced and fused with the nasals.

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  • The skull is high, with -the facial and cranial portions approximately equal.

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  • As in the last family, the post-glenoid process of the skull is broad; the whole skull be i ng depressed with a shortened facial portion.

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  • The post-glenoid process is small, and the facial and cranial portions of the skull are approximately of equal length.

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  • The head is large, and the skull elongated, and elevated posteriorly into a transverse occipital crest.

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  • Brain-cavity small for the size of the skull.

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  • dogs, wolves, jackals, &c., which constitute the genus Canis in its more restricted sense, foxes are best distinguished by the circumstance that in the skull the (postorbital) projection immediately behind the socket for the eye has its upper surface concave, with a raised ridge in front, in place of regularly convex.

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  • The skull is conical, stout and heavy, and the teeth, although sharper and less rounded than those of badgers, are less suited to a carnivorous diet than those of stoats, weasels and martens.

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  • Wolff, Goethe and Oken share the credit of having initiated these views, in regard especially to the structure of flowering plants and the Vertebrate skull.

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  • In the case of a special enemy or an adversary overcome in a private dispute before the king, he would make a cup of the skull, mounting it in bull's hide or in gold.

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  • His complexion is tawny, darker than that of the Chinese, but clearer than that of the Cambodian; his hair is black, coarse and long; his skin is thick; his forehead low; his skull slightly depressed at the top, but well developed at the sides.

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  • Pacas may be distinguished from agoutis by their heavier and more compact build, the longitudinal rows of light spots on the fur, the five-toed hind-feet, and the peculiar structure of the skull, in which the cheek-bones are expanded to form large capsules on the sides of the face, each enclosing a cavity opening on the side of the cheek.

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  • Males may be distinguished from females by the skull, in which the outer surface of the cheek-bones is roughened in the former and smooth in the latter sex.

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  • Parietal bones separated by the supraoccipital; prootic and exoccipital separated by the enlarged opisthotic. Pectoral arch suspended from the skull; no mesocoracoid arch.

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  • The head is rounded and short, without prominent beetling ridges above the eyes, or a strong crest along the middle line of the back of the skull; and the tusks of the old males are of no very great length and prominence.

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  • The Peruvian chinchilla (C, brevicaudata) is larger, with relatively shorter ears and tail; while still larger species constitute the genus Lagidium, ranging from the Andes to Patagonia, and distinguished by having four in place of five front-toes, more pointed ears, and a somewhat differently formed skull.

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  • The [ox's] horns are of nearly equal size in both sexes, are placed on or near the vertex of the skull, and may be either rounded or angulated, while their direction is more or less outwards, with an upward direction near the tips, and conspicuous knobs or ridges are never developed on their surface.

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  • When a face-pit is present in the skull it is small.

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  • Between Battel's time and 1846 nothing appears to have been heard of the gorilla or pongo, but in that year a missionary at the Gabun accidentally discovered a skull of the huge ape; and in 1847 a sketch of that specimen, together with two others, came into the hands of Sir R.

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  • Dr Thomas Savage, a missionary at the Gabun, who sent Owen information with regard to the original skull, had, however, himself proposed the name Troglodytes gorilla in 1847.

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  • In old males the eyes are overhung by a beetling penthouse of bone, the hinder half of the middle line of the skull bears a wall-like bony ridge for the attachment of the powerful jaw-muscles, and the tusks, or canines, are of monstrous size, recalling those of a carnivorous animal.

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  • The skull is narrower and longer than in typical squirrels, and there are distinctive features in the cheek-teeth; but the more aberrant types come much closer to squirrels.

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  • They include a skull and several large adult bones and a child's jaw.

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  • The skull is preserved in the U.

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  • vast majority of snakes are further characterized by having the right and left halves of the under-jaws connected by an elastic band; a median, longitudinal furrow in the skin below and behind the chin; the whole palatal apparatus is but loosely connected with the skull, nowhere articulating with it.

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  • The quadrate is indirectly articulated with the skull, first by the horizontal, movable squamosal, secondly by the columella auris.

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  • More detail concerning skull, scales and teeth will be found in the diagnostic descriptions of the various families (vide infra); for further anatomical information the reader is referred to the article Reptiles (Anatomy).

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  • Upper figures: diagrams of skull with fangs at rest.

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  • For ordinary practical purposes this synopsis is useless, most of the anatomical characters being visible only in the macerated skull.

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  • The quadrates are directly attached to the skull, the squamosals being absent.

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  • The quadrate is carried by the horizontally-elongated squamosal, which rests loosely upon the skull.

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  • The quadrate is short and thick, and is carried by the broad and short squamosal, which lies flat against the skull, reminding in this respect of Ilysia.

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  • Pterygoids connected with the quadrates which are carried by the squamosals, and these are loosely attached to the skull.

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  • Characterized by possessing only a few teeth, on the posterior part of the maxillaries, on the palatines and Coronelline Nymphophidium, the same effect is reached by two prominences at the base of the skull.

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  • The short squamosals are very loosely attached to the skull.

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  • - Distinguished from the following by the greater breadth of the skull, and some minute but constant dental characters, by the dull greyish-brown colour of the fur of the upper parts and the pure white of the throat and breast.

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  • The bones of the skeleton generally more resemble those of the Indian elephant than of any other species, but the skull differs in the narrower summit, narrower temporal fossae, and more prolonged incisive sheaths, supporting the roots of the enormous tusks.

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  • The most generalized type is Coryphodon, representing the family Goryphodontidae, from the lower Eocene of Europe and North America, in which there were 44 teeth, and no horn-like excrescences on the long skull, while the femur had a third trochanter.

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  • The skull generally lacks a sagittal crest; and the condyle of the lower jaw is transversely elongated.

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  • Odontoid process of second vertebra semi-cylindrical; skull with a sagittal crest; and the condyle of the lower jaw rounded.

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  • It shows the characteristic hippopotamus-flange to the lower jaw, but has also a large descending process from the jugal bone of the zygomatic arch of the skull.

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  • It may be added that generic subdivisions of the squirrels are based mainly on the characters of the skull and teeth.

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  • The skull is shorter and lower than in Megatherium, without any vertical expansion of the middle of the lower jaw, and the teeth also extend nearly to the front of the jaws; both these features being sloth-like.

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  • Special interest attaches to the recent discovery in the cavern of Ultima Esperanza, South Patagonia, of remains of the genus Glossotherium, or Grypotherium, a near relative of Mylodon, but differing from it in having a bony arch connecting the nasal bones of the skull with the premaxillae; these include a considerable portion of the skin with the hair attached.

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  • Scelidotherium is another genus of large South American Pleistocene ground-sloths, characterized, among other features, by the elongation and slenderness of the skull, which thus makes a decided approximation to the anteater type, although retaining the full series of cheek-teeth, which were, of course, essential to an herbivorous animal.

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  • In North America Mylodon was accompanied by another gigantic species typifying the genus Megalonyx, in which the fore part of the skull was usually wide, and the third and fourth front toes carried claws.

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  • Another genus has been described from the Pleistocene of Nebraska, as Paramylodon; it has only four pairs of teeth, and an elongate skull with an inflated muzzle.

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  • The true beaver (Castor fiber) is a native of Europe and northern Asia, but it is represented in North America by a closely-allied species (C. canadensis), chiefly distinguished by the form of the nasal bones of the skull.

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  • Beavers are nearly allied to the squirrels (Sciuridae), agreeing in certain structural peculiarities of the lower jaw and skull.

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  • The high cheek-bone and the hawk's bill nose are universally distributed in the two Americas; so also are proportions between parts of the body, and the frequency of certain abnormalities of the skull, the hyoid bone, the humerus and the tibia.

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  • Even the Calaveras man is no exception, since his skull and his polished conical pestle, the latter made of stone more recent than the auriferous gravels, show him to have been of Digger Indian type.

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  • They also remove the skull, and the skin is then dried in a smoky hut.

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  • Pits are present in the forehead of the skull, and the horns are ringed for part of their length, with a compressed base; their form being often lyrate,.

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  • The dibatag or Clarke's gazelle (Ammodorcas clarkei), of Somaliland, forms a kind of connecting link between the true gazelles and the gerenuk, this being especially shown in the skull.

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  • The East African gerenuk, or Waller's gazelle (Lithocranius walleri), of which two races have been named, is a very remarkable ruminant, distinguished not only by its exceedingly elongated neck and limbs, but also by the peculiar hooked form of the very massive horns of the bucks, the dense structure and straight profile of the skull, and the extreme slenderness of the lower jaw.

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  • melanotis) are the best-known representatives of a group characterized by the vertical direction of the horns and the small gland-pit in the skull; lateral hoofs being absent in the firstnamed and present in the second.

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  • These are medium-sized or large antelopes with naked muzzles, narrow sheep-like upper molars, fairly long tails, rudimentary or no face-glands, and pits in the frontal bones of the skull.

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  • The five existing species may be grouped into two sections, the distinctive characters of which are only recognizable in the skull.

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  • They include the mandible of a mastodon and a portion of a vertebra of a large fish, both found in the Lower Madison Valley; the skull and other parts of a dog (Mesocyon drummondanus), found near Drummond, Granite county; the skull of a Poatrephes paludicola, found near New Chicago,.

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  • Granite county; a portion of the skull of a Mesohippus latidens, found near the confluence of the three forks which form the Missouri river; and a portion of the skull of a Hyrachyus priscus, found near Lima, Beaverhead county.

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  • Berthelot, who examined the skull, found no trace of injury by a bullet; and on the whole there is no reason to doubt the verdict of the original inquiry at Ermenonville.

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  • The skull has been monographed by T.

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  • They tend him in secret, but one day, through the medium of a splinter from his sword, which had remained fixed in Morolt's skull, and been preserved by the queen, the identity of Tantris and Tristan is made clear.

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  • The main railway continues south to Baltimore, and a light railway runs to the pleasant seaside village of Skull (or Schull), 15 m.

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  • Of the three genera Hystrix is characterized by the inflated skull, in which the nasal chamber is often considerably larger than the brain-case, and The Porcupine (Hystrix cristata).

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  • Chaetomys, distinguished by the shape of its skull and the greater complexity of its teeth, contains C. subspinosus, a native of the hottest parts of Brazil.

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  • Probably emanates from the monastery of the Skull.

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  • In all essentials they agree with the African type: such variations as there are, for example, the more developed eyebrow ridges, narrower, often prominent nose, and somewhat higher narrower skull, obviously owing their existence to crossing with the Malay or the Polynesian races.

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  • xix., 1871, p. 236, &c.) therefore relied upon more fundamental characters, notably the presence or absence of osteoderms, the formation of the skull, the teeth and the tongue.

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  • The skull is much reduced.

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  • - Pleurodont; tongue short, villose, scarcely protractile, feebly nicked at the tip. With osteoderms at least upon the skull, where they roof in the temporal region.

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  • Both as regards structure and habits, the leopard may be reckoned as one of the more typical representatives of the genus Felis, belonging to that section in which the hyoid bone is loosely connected with the skull, owing to imperfect ossification of its anterior arch, and the pupil of the eye when contracted under the influence of light is circular, not linear as in the smaller cats.

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  • For example, among the land vertebrates the feet (associated with the structure of the limbs and trunk) may take one of many lines of adaptation to different media or habitat, either aquatic, terrestrial, arboreal or aerial; while the teeth (associated with the structure of the skull and jaws) also may take one of many lines of adaptation to different kinds of food, whether herbivorous, insectivorous or carnivorous.

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  • The laws and records of suits were set down in picture-writings, of which some are still to be seen; sentence of death was recorded by drawing a line with an arrow across the portrait of the condemned, and the chronicles describe the barbaric solemnity with which the king passed sentence sitting on a golden and jewelled throne in the divine tribunal, with one hand on an ornamented skull and the golden arrow in the other.

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  • We have the means of comparing the personal appearance of the Mexicans and Central Americans by their portraits on early sculptures, vases, &c.; and, though there does not appear any clear distinction of race-type, the extraordinary back-sloping foreheads of such figures as those of the bas-reliefs of Palenque prove that the custom of flattening the skull in infancy prevailed in Central America to an extent quite beyond any such habit in Mexico.

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  • The long neck and limbs, coupled with peculiarities in the structure of the skull, entitle the gerenuk, which is a large species, to represent a genus.

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  • The Theban goat, of the Sudan, which is hornless, displays the characteristic features of the last in an exaggerated degree, and in the form of the head and skull is very sheep-like.

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  • The skull resembles that of the lion and tiger, but is much broader in proportion to its length, and may be identified by the presence of a tubercle on the inner edge of the orbit.

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  • Another character by which the European domesticated pig differs from any of the wild species is the concave outline of the frontal region of the skull.

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  • vittatus, of Sumatra, characterized by having a broad reddish or whitish band running from the middle of the snout along the upper lip to disappear on the side of the neck; the skull being short and high, with the facial portion of the lachrymal bone small.

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  • verrucosus, of Java, in which the hinder or upper unenamelled surface of the lower tusk is narrower than the outer, concave, and set nearly in the long axis of the skull.

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  • The skull itself is elongated, with comparatively simple and primitive molars, the latter being relatively short.

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  • barbatus (=longirostris) of Borneo is a very distinct member of this group, distinguished by the great elongation of the skull, and the presence of a tuft of long hair near the muzzle.

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  • - The rodent skull is characterized by the great size of the premaxillae, which completely separate the nasals from the maxillae; by the presence of zygomatic arches; and by the wide unoccupied space existing between the incisors and the cheek-teeth; and (except in the Duplicidentata) by the antero-posteriorly elongated glenoid cavity for the articulation of the lower jaw.

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  • - Vertical and Longitudinal Section through the Skull of the Beaver (Castor fiber), showing the brain-cavity, the greatly developed plates of bone in the nose-cavity, the mode of implantation of the ever-growing chisel-edged incisor, and the curved rootless cheek-teeth.

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  • - Skull of Jumping-Hare (Pedetes caller).

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  • - Skull of Porcupine (Hystrix cristata), with muscle attached.

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  • - Skull of the American Marmot (Arctomys monax).

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  • An alisphenoid canal may be present on the palatal aspect of the skull; but there is always a transverse canal.

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  • Sewellels are medium-sized terrestrial rodents, with no postorbital process to the skull, which is depressed in form, and rootless cheek-teeth, among which the premolars number I, the first in the upper jaw being very small.

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  • Squirrel Group. - The Sciuroidea, which include the great group of squirrels, sousliks, marmots, &c., all comprised in the single family Sciuridae, differ from the sewellels in having large post-orbital processes to the skull (figs.

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  • pyrrhopus is a well-known example, is also African and allied to Xerus, but has a still longer skull and soft fur.

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  • - Under Side of Skull of the Malay Giant Squirrel (Ratufa bicolor).

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  • The skull is heavily built, with the post-orbital processes directed outwards.

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  • Skull (fig.

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  • In the skull the infra-orbital foramen is narrow, and postorbital processes and an alisphenoid canal are absent.

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  • The first of these, or Geomyinae, is characterized as follows: Incisors broad; mastoid not appearing on the top of the skull; eyes small; ears rudimentary; limbs short, subequal.

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  • The following are the characters of the second sub-family, Heteromyinae: Incisors narrow; mastoid appearing largely on the top of the skull; eyes and ears moderate or large; hind-limbs and tail elongated.

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  • The Anomaluridae are characterized by having rooted cheek-teeth with shallow transverse enamel-folds, the two halves of the lower jaw movably articulated in front, very small post-orbital processes to the skull, and the presence of two rows of scales on the under surface of the base of the tail (figs.

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  • - Under Side of Skull of Prairie-Marmot (Cynomys ludovicianus).

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  • The lachrymal foramen in the skull is low down and forms an elongated slit.

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  • They are small rat-like rodents, with one pair of upper premolars, which are mere pins, as is the last molar, and the two pairs of limbs of normal length, with the metatarsals separate; the infra-orbital opening in the skull being triangular and widest below, while the incisive foramina in the palate are elongated.

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  • The tail and ears are generally very long; while, in correlation with the size of the latter, the auditory bullae of the skull are also large.

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  • The Turkestan Platycercomys (or Pygeretmus) has a lancet-shaped tail and no premolars; while Cardiocranus of the Nan-shan district of Central Asia has a similar type of tail, but short ears and a peculiarly triangular skull.

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  • In the skull the zygomatic arch is slender and the jugal bone small and not extending far forwards, being supported by the long zygomatic process of the maxilla, while the infra-orbital foramen is mostly large, and there are no post-orbital processes.

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  • The incisors are very large; and the palate of the skull is narrow.

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  • - Skull of the Muskrat (Fiber zibethicus).

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  • the hollow tympanic bullae, they have the clavicles imperfect, the first front toe opposable to the rest, the temporal region of the skull roofed with bone, and the crowns of the molars with cusps arranged in rows but eventually covered by a layer of enamel.

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  • The third sub-family is that of the Microtinae, or voles, which are distributed all over Europe, Northern Asia and North America, and are characterized by the tympanic bulla of the skull being filled with honey-combed bony tissue, the small size of the infra-orbital foramen, and the deep pterygoid fossa on the palatal aspect.

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  • In the skull the tympanic bulla is hollow, the pterygoid fossa shallow and the zygomatic arch slender, with a rudimentary jugal bone.

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  • They have long hind limbs, large eyes and ears; and in correlation with the latter an enlarged auditory bulla to the skull, which is hollow and divided into a tympanic and a mastoid portion.

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  • Finally, the Philippine Rhynchornys is represented by a rat with two pairs of molars and a long shrew-like nose, the zygomatic arch of the skull being also placed unusually far backward.

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  • The malleus and incus cf the internal ear are united, and there is no transverse canal in the skull.

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  • In the second section, or Hystricoidea,, including several families, the skull (fig.

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  • - Skull of the Capybara (Hydrochaerus capybara), reduced.

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  • The upper lip is cleft, the jugal lacks an inferior angle, the fore part of the skull is short and broad; the cheek-teeth are partially rooted, with external and internal enamel-folds, the soles of the feet are smooth, there are six pairs of teats, the clavicles are imperfect and the tail is not prehensile.

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  • is represented in all the three great continents of the Old World, and extends as far east as Flores and Celebes, the skull is swollen and convex, the spines are cylindrical, and the tail is short and covered with spines and slender-stalked open quills.

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  • In the skull the lachrymal bone is large, the paroccipital process is directed vertically downwards and the tympanic bulla is hollow.

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  • The most remarkable feature of the genus is, however, the extraordinary development of the zygomatic arches of the skull, which are enormously expanded vertically, forming great convex bony capsules on the sides of the face, enclosing on each side a large cavity lined with mucous membrane internally, and communicating by a small opening with the mouth.

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  • The skull (fig.

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  • The family, Chinchillidae, typified by the wellknown chinchilla, includes a small number of South American rodents with large ears and proportionately great auditory bullae in the skull, elongated hind-limbs, bushy tails, very soft fur and perfect clavicles.

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  • The three remaining families of the Hystricoidea, of which one is African while the other two are chiefly South American, are very closely allied and often brigaded in a single family group. In the Capromyidae, which includes only the South American and West Indian hutias, the South American coypu and the African cane-rats, the tympanic bulla of the skull is hollow, the par-occipital process straight, the lachrymal small, and the cheekteeth rooted, with deep enamel-folds; the first front toe Leing occasionally absent.

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  • Skull depressed, frontals contracted and without post-orbital processes; p.; or; molars rootless, with transverse enamel-folds.

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  • The cottontails, or wood-rabbits, of North and South America are regarded as forming a genus, Sylvilagus, by themselves, which includes the Brazilian and Paraguay hares, and appears to be chiefly distinguished by a certain feature in the parietal region of the skull.

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  • aquaticus) of the southern United States form the group Limnotragus, characterized by the harsher fur, the shorter ears, tail and hind-feet, and the complete fusion of the post-orbital process (which is so distinct in the typical hares) with the adjacent parts of the skull, so that neither notches nor perforations are developed in this region.

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  • In all three the skull is of the type of Romerolagus.

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  • - Skull of the Common Hare (Lepus europaeus).

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  • In the highly specialized mastoid region of the skull, the North American Oligocene Protoptychus approaches to Dipopodomys, while the contemporary Gymnoptychus and Entoptychus likewise appear referable to the Geomyidae.

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  • The mesocephalic appears to be the preponderant form of skull; though this is unusual among Melanesian races.

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  • 1790-1792 The Doji Bara, or skull famine, in India, so-called because the people died in such numbers that they could not be buried.

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  • From the Proboscidea Arsinoitherium differs broadly in skull structure, in the form of the cheek-teeth, and in the persistence of the complete dental series of forty-four without gaps or enlargement of particular teeth.

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  • The skull is sub-brachycephalic in type, with an index of 82.6 from living " specimens " and 79 from a large collection of skulls; it is never prognathous.

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  • norvegicus) is distinguished by its large size, brownish grey colour, short tail and ears, stout skull, and the possession of from Jo to 12 teats.

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  • An entire skull, obtained from the Lower Pliocene beds of Eppelsheim, Hesse-Darmstadt, in 1836, measured 41ft.

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  • The skull of the governor was afterwards used at Kumasi as a royal drinking-cup. It was asserted that Sir Charles lost the battle through his ordnance-keeper bringing up kegs filled with vermicelli instead of ammunition.

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  • Its affinity with the giraffes is, however, clearly revealed by the structure of the skull and teeth, more especially the bilobed crown to the incisor-like lower canine teeth.

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  • As regards its general characters, the skull of the okapi appears to be intermediate between that of the giraffe on the one hand and that of the extinct Palaeotragus (or Samotherium) of the Lower Pliocene deposits of southern Europe on the other.

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  • The jaws are short and strong, and the width of the zygomatic arches, and great development of the bony ridges on the skull, give ample space for the attachment of the powerful muscles by which they are closed.

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  • - Front View of Skull of Lion.

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  • In the Hohlefels in the Swabian Achthal there is still no trace of earthenware, and we find the skull of a reindeer skilfully turned into a drinking-vessel.

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  • Among many fine pieces of jewellers' work preserved in the ecclesiastical treasuries may be mentioned the silver statuette of San Biagio, and the reliquary which contains his skull - a 17th-century casket in filigree and enamels with Byzantine medallions of the 11th or 12th century.

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  • Considering the interest which is taken in crocodiles and their allies, on account of their size, their dangerous nature and the sporting trophies which they yield, the following " key," based upon easily ascertained characters of the skull, is given.

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  • Dr Elliott Smith, who has examined thousands pf skeletons and mummies of all periods, finds that the prehistoric population of Upper Egypt, a branch of the North African-MediterraneanArabian race, changed with the advent of the dynasties to a stronger type, better developed than before in skull and muscle.

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  • 38) is thick-featured, full of force, with powerful masses of facial muscle covering the skull.

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  • 54) from a coffin is here superposed on the view of the actual skull to show the accuracy of the work.

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  • The skull, which has a longer face than in Titanotherium, lacks horn-cores, while all the upper premolars are simpler than the molars, and the full series of 44 teeth was present.

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  • On the other hand, Palaeosyops is connected with Titanotherium by means of Telmatotherium of the upper Bridger and Washakia Eocene, a larger animal, with a longer and flatter skull, showing rudiments of horn-cores, only two pairs of lower incisors, and a general approximation in dental character to Titanotherium.

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  • In alliance with the Avars, and Asiatic people who had invaded central Europe, Alboin defeated the Gepidae, a powerful nation on his eastern frontier, slew their king Cunimund, whose skull he fashioned into a drinking-cup, and whose daughter Rosamund he carried off and made his wife.

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  • In 572 or 573, however, he was assassinated by his chamberlain Peredeo at the instigation of Queen Rosamund, whom Alboin had grievously insulted by forcing her to drink wine out of her father's skull.

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  • The left-hand compartment of the front of the casket shows VOlundr holding with a pair of tongs the skull of one of NiPo],r's children, which he is fashioning into a goblet.

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  • Two or three other technical masterpieces of the engraver's art, the "Coat-of-Arms with the Skull," the "Nativity," with its exquisite background of ruined buildings, the "Little Horse" and the "Great Horse," both of 1505, complete the list of the master's chief productions in this kind before he started in the last-named year for a second visit to Italy.

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  • There is generally no sagittal crest to the skull; and the condyle of the lower jaw is transversely elongated.

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  • The simplest type is that of the giraffe, in which three bony prominences - a single one in front and a pair behind - quite separate from the underlying bones and covered during life with skin, occupy the front surface of the skull.

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  • In the giraffes the separation of the horns from the skull may be a degenerate character.

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  • In the Asiatic muntjac deer we find a pair of skin-covered horns, or " pedicles," corresponding to the paired horns of the giraffe, although welded to the skull.

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  • Gadow is of opinion that the antlers of the deer, the hornlike protuberances on the skull of the giraffe, and the true horns of the prongbuck and other hollow-horned ruminants (Bovidae) are all different stages of evolution from a single common type: the antlers of the deer being the most primitive, and the horns of the Bovidae the most specialized.

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  • The above-mentioned four types of skull appendages are generally regarded as severally characteristic of as many family groups, namely the Giraffidae, Cervidae, Antilocapridae and Bovidae.

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  • In the Giraffidae, which include not only giraffes (Giraffa) but also the okapi (Ocapia) and a number of extinct species from the Lower Pliocene Tertiary deposits of southern Europe, Asia and North Africa, the appendages on the skull are of type No.

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  • Helladotherium was a much larger animal, known by a single hornless skull from the Pliocene of Greece, which may be that of a female.

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  • Largest of all is Sivatherium, typically from the Lower Pliocene of Northern India, but also recorded from Adrianople, in which the skull of the male is short and wide, with a pair of simple conical horns above the eye, and a huge branching pair at the vertex.

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  • In the skull there are two orifices to the lachrymal duct, situated on or inside the rim of the orbit.

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  • - Skull of Chinese Water-Deer, Hydrelaphus inermis (adult male), a Deer without Antlers, but with largely developed upper canine teeth.

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  • The most noteworthy point of distinction is in the skull, in which the facial portion is sharply bent down on the posterior basal axis in the fashion characteristic of the hollow-horned ruminants (oxen, antelopes, &c.), and the American prongbuck, instead of running more or less nearly parallel to the same, as in deer.

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  • Whatever be the ultimate verdict, the association of antlers - and these, be it noticed, conforming almost exactly with the forked type characteristic of American deer - with an antilopine type of skull, skeleton and teeth in Merycodus is a most interesting and unexpected feature.

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  • As regards their distinctive features, the antlers are of a complex type and situated close to the occipital ridge of the skull, and thus far away from the sockets of the eyes, with the brow-tines in adult males palmated, laterally compressed, deflected towards the middle of the face, and often unsymmetrically developed.

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  • In the skull the gland-pit is shallow, and the vacuity of moderate size; the nasal bones are well developed, and much expanded at the upper end.

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  • SCALPING, the custom of removing the skin of the skull, with hair attached.

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  • The skull shows a strong tendency to brachycephalism.

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  • In addition to their stout build and long thickly haired tails, marmots are characterized by the absence of cheek-pouches, and the rudimentary first front-toe, which is furnished with a flat nail, as well as by certain features of the skull and cheek-teeth.

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  • - In the skull there is a sagittal crest; the tympanic bulla is filled with cancellous tissue; the condyle of the lower jaw is rounded; and the premaxillae, or anterior bones of the upper jaw, have the full number of incisor teeth in the young state, the outermost of these being persistent through life as an isolated tooth.

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  • The skull is elongated, with an overhanging occiput, complete bony rims to the orbits, and the premaxillae separated from the arched and rather long nasals.

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  • The skull generally resembles that of Camelus, the relatively larger brain-cavity and orbits and less developed cranial ridges being due to its smaller size.

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  • Although it has the deciduous dentition, Mme Pavlow considers herself justified in referring the Kherson skull to the genus Procamelus previously known only from the Lower Pliocene or Upper Miocene strata of North America, and differing from modern camels, among other features, by the retention of a fuller series of premolar teeth.

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  • Unfortunately, the skull is incomplete, and the rest of the skeleton very imperfectly known; but sufficient of the former remains to show that the socket of the eye was open behind, and of the latter to indicate that in the hind-foot, at any rate, the upper bones of the two functional toes had not coalesced into a cannon-bone.

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  • On the other hand, the skull was short and rabbit-like, showing none of the characteristic features of modern camels.

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  • In the skull the socket of the eye is surrounded by bone; while the dentition begins to approximate to the camel type - notably by the circumstance that the lower canine is either separated by a gap from the outermost incisors, or that its crown assumes a backwardly curved shape.

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  • Here the metacarpals and metatarsals have partially united to form cannonbones, the skull has assumed the elongated form characteristic of modern camels, with the loss of the first and second pairs of upper incisors, and the development of gaps in front of and behind each of the next three teeth, that is to say, the third incisor, the canine and the first cheek-tooth.

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  • In the Oreodontinae or typical section of the family, which includes several genera nearly allied to Oreodon, the skull is shorter and higher than in the camels, with a swollen brain-case, a preorbital glandpit, the condyle of the lower jaw transversely elongated, the tympanic bulla hollow, and the orbit surrounded by bone.

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  • In the Miocene Agriochoerus, which typifies a second sub-family (Agriochoerinae), there is no gland-pit in the skull, of which the orbit is open behind; while the upper incisors are wanting in the adult and the terminal toe-bones are claw-like rather than of the hoofed type.

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  • Matthew," The Skull of Hypisodus (1901), ibid., vol.

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  • Its short curved horns and skull are enormously massive.

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  • The Hindu (except the Rajput) shaves his head, leaving only a top-knot on the point of the skull.

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  • In the house the man wears a skull cap; out of doors the older Parsis wear the khoka, a tall hat, higher in front than at the back, made of a stiff shiny material, with a diaper pattern (Plate I.

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  • As is always the case with large-eared animals, the tympanic bullae of the skull are of unusually large size; the size varying in the different genera according to that of the ears.

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  • Their colour is black, their skull decidedly round, their hair thick and frizzly, their legs thin and almost without calves, and their toes so prehensile that they can use them nearly as well as their fingers.

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  • The now generally accepted view is that the Neanderthal skull represents the oldest known dolichocephalic race of Europe.

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  • CALVARY, the conventional English rendering of the calvaria of the Vulgate, the Latin version of the Greek rcp6.mov, both meaning "skull" and representing the Hebrew Golgotha, the name given to the scene of Christ's crucifixion.

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  • The wombat of Tasmania and the islands of Bass's Straits (P. ursinus), and the closely similar but larger P. platyrhinus of the southern portion of the mainland of Australia, belong to this group. On the other hand, in the hairy-nosed wombat (P. latifrons) of Southern Australia, the fur is smooth and silky; the ears are large and more pointed; the muzzle is hairy; the frontal region of the skull is broader than in the other section, with well-marked postorbital processes; and there are thirteen ribs.

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  • Skull >>

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  • While at Frankfurt, on his way to examine the Neanderthal skull at Bonn, he was struck with paralysis, and died at Gottingen a few months later on the 13th of May 1864.

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  • Under this head fall the following: - Fasting, or abstention from certain meats and drinks; denial of sexual instinct; subjection of the body to physical discomforts, such as nakedness, vigils, sleeping on the bare ground, tattooing, deformation of skull, teeth, feet, &c., vows of silence to be observed throughout life or during pilgrimages, avoidance of baths, of hair-cutting and of clean raiment, living in a cave; actual self-infliction of pain, by scourging, branding, cutting with knives, wearing of hair shirts, fire-walking, burial alive, hanging up of oneself by hooks plunged into the skin, suspension of weights by such hooks to the tenderer parts of the body, self-mutilation and numerous other, often ingenious, modes of torture.

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  • The skull, which must have consisted of hardened cartilage, exhibits pairs of nasal and auditory capsules, with a gill-apparatus below its hinder part, but no indications of ordinary jaws.

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  • A tiger's skull may, however, always be distinguished from that The Tiger (Felis tigris).

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  • Unfortunately, on the evening of a reception dinner given in his honour, Emin met with an accident which resulted in fracture of the skull.

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  • - Skull and teeth of Bennett's Wallaby (Macropus ruficollis bennettii): i l, i 2, i 3, first, second and third upper incisors; pm, second premolar (the first having been already shed); m l, m 2, m 3, m4, last premolar and three molars.

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  • - Skull and teeth of Lesueuir's Rat-Kangaroo (Bettongia lesueuiri).

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  • The skull has a remarkably narrow and pointed muzzle and much inflated auditory bullae; while the two halves of the lower jaw are firmly welded together at their junction, thus effectually preventing the scissor-like action of the lower incisors distinctive of Macropus and its immediate allies.

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  • As the natives of the southern peninsula came into contact with these mixed people, who though differing in the shape of the skull nevertheless varied little from each other in speech and colour of their hair and eyes, the ancient writers termed them all " Keltoi."

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  • In 57 2, according to the Lombard chronicler, Alboin fell a victim to the revenge of his wife Rosamund, the daughter of the king of the Gepidae, whose skull Alboin had turned into a drinking cup, out of which he forced Rosamund to drink.

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  • The typical species has a skull about 20 centim.

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  • A legend relates how one-fourth of the European inhabitants perished in twelve months, and during seventy years the mortality was so great that the name of Calcutta, derived from the village of Kalikata, was identified by mariners with Golgotha, the place of a skull.

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  • The skull and skeleton do not differ markedly from those of the other cats.

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  • To it contributes the balance of the skull on the cervical vertebrae, while the human form of the pelvis provides the necessary support to the intestines in the standing attitude.

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  • The differences between a gorilla's skull and a man's are truly immense.

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  • In man the occipital foramen, through which passes the spinal cord, is placed just behind the centre of the base of the skull, which is thus evenly balanced in the erect posture, whereas the gorilla, which goes habitually on all fours, and whose skull is inclined forward, in accordance with this posture has the foramen farther back.

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  • In man the surface of the skull is comparatively smooth, and the brow-ridges project but little, while in the gorilla these ridges overhang the cavernous orbits like penthouse roofs.

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  • The largest proportional size of the facial bones, and the great projection of the jaws, confer on the gorilla's skull its small facial angle and brutal character,while its teeth differ from man's in relative size and number of fangs.

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  • As to the capacity of the cranium, men differ from one another so extremely that the largest known human skull holds nearly twice the measure of the smallest, a larger proportion than that in which man surpasses the gorilla; while, with proper allowance for difference of size of the various species, it appears that some of the lower apes fall nearly as much below the higher apes.

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  • 4) is the skull from the cavern of Spy in Belgium (de Puydt and Lohest, Compte rendu du Congres de Namur, 1886).

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  • 5), bearing a certain resemblance in its proportions to the corresponding part of the simian skull.

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  • At any rate, classing the Trinil skull as human, it may be described as tending towards the simian type more than any other known.

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  • The relation of height to breadth may also furnish a valuable test; but it is acknowledged by all experienced craniologists, that the shape of the skull may vary so much within the same tribe, and even the same family, that it must be used with extreme caution, and if possible only in conjunction with other criteria of race.

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  • The ill-chosen name of Caucasian, invented by Blumenbach in allusion to a South Caucasian skull of specially typical proportions, and applied by him to the so-called white races, is still current; it brings into one race peoples such as the Arabs and Swedes, although these are scarcely less different than the Americans and Malays, who are set down as two distinct races.

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  • Darwin's summing-up of the evidence as to unity of type throughout the races of mankind is as distinctly a monogenist argument as those of Blumenbach, Prichard or Quatrefages " Although the existing races of man differ in many respects, as in colour, hair, shape of skull, proportions of the body, &c., yet, if their whole organization be taken into consideration, they are found to resemble each other closely in a multitude of points.

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  • The leading characters of antlers are described under Pecora, but these structures may be defined somewhat more fully in the following passage from the present writer's Deer of all Lands:- " Antlers are supported on a pair of solid bony processes, or pedicles, arising from the frontal bones of the skull, of which they form an inseparable portion; and if in a fully adult deer these pedicles be sawn through, they will generally be found to consist of solid, ivory-like bone, devoid of perceptible channels for the passage of blood-vessels.

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  • - Antlers, with one exception, present in the male; liver without a gall-bladder; a face-gland, and a gland-pit in the skull.

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  • - Lateral metacarpals as in preceding; antlers (as in the following genera) present only in the male, arising at right angles to the median longitudinal line of the skull, and extending at first in the plane of the forehead, after which, when in their fullest development, they expand into a broad palmation margined with snags.

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  • Antlers arising at acute angles to the median line of the skull (as in the following genera), at first projecting from the plane of the forehead, and then continued upwards nearly in that plane, supported on short pedicles, and furnished with a brow-tine, never regularly forked at first division, but generally of large size, and with not less than three tines; the skull without ridges on the frontals forming the bases of the pedicles of the antlers.

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  • - Lateral metacarpals as in Rangifer; antlers rather small, without a brow-tine or sub-basal snag, dichotomously forked, with the upper or posterior prong again forking; tail rudimentary; vomer not dividing posterior nasal aperture of skull.

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  • - Lateral metacarpals as in Rangifer; antlers very variable in size, forming a marked angle with the plane of the face, without a brow-tine; when consisting of more than a simple prong, dichotomously forked, frequently with a subbasal snag, and always with the lower prong of the fork projected from the front edge of the beam, in @ome cases the lower, in others the upper, and in others both prongs again dividing; tail long; tarsal gland generally present; metatarsal gland very variable, both as regards presence and position; vomer dividing the inner aperture of the nostrils in the skull into two distinct chambers.

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  • - Skull and metacarpals generally as in Mazama; size very small; hair coarse and brittle; antlers in the form of short, simple spikes; cannon-bones very short; tail very short or wanting; no whorls in the hair of the face; face-gland moderately large, and gland-pit deep and oval; tarsal and metatarsal glands wanting; ectocuneiform bone of tarsus united with the naviculocuboid.

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  • The facial portion of the skull is very short; a long process of the maxillary bone descends from the anterior part of the zygomatic arch; and the ascending ramus of the mandible is remarkably high.

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  • The Pleistocene forms, whose remains occur abundantly in the silt of the Buenos Aires pampas, are by far the largest, the skull and tail-sheath in some instances having a length of from 12 to 16 ft.

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  • The skull and limb-bones exhibit several features met with in the latter, and the vertebrae of the back are not welded into a continuous tube.

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  • The head is about one-third of the length of the body, very massive, high and truncated in front; and owing its size and form mainly to the accumulation of a peculiarly modified form of fatty tissue in the large hollow on the upper surface of the skull.

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  • The skull is short, with a dental formula of c. °, p.1.

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  • A skull from Pikermi, near Mt.

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  • Pentelikon, Attica, shows the absence in the adult state of upper and lower incisors and upper canines, much the same condition being indicated in an Indian skull.

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  • They are dark-skinned and flat-nosed, slight of frame and very small of skull, and average no more than 5 ft.

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  • From both birds and reptiles the class is distinguished, so far at any rate as existing forms are concerned, by the following features: the absence of a nucleus in the red corpuscles of the blood, which are nearly always circular in outline; the free suspension of the lungs in a thoracic cavity, separated from the abdominal cavity by a muscular partition, or diaphragm, which is the chief agent in inflating the lungs in respiration; the aorta, or main artery, forming but a single arch after leaving the heart, which curves over the left terminal division of the windpipe, or bronchus; the presence of more or fewer hairs on the skin and the absence of feathers; the greater development of the bridge, or commissure, connecting the two halves of the brain, which usually forms a complete corpus callosum, or displays an unusually large size of its anterior portion; the presence of a fully developed larynx at the upper end of the trachea or windpipe, accompanied by the absence of a syrinx, or expansion, near the lower end of the same; the circumstance that each half of the lower jaw (except perhaps at a very early stage of development) consists of a single piece articulating posteriorly with the squamosal element of the skull without the intervention of a separate quadrate bone; the absence of prefrontal bones in the skull; the presence of a pair of lateral knobs, or condyles (in place of a single median one), on the occipital aspect of the skull for articulation with the first vertebra; and, lastly, the very obvious character of the female being provided with milk-glands, by the secretion of which the young (produced, except in the very lowest group, alive and not by means of externally hatched eggs) are nourished for some time after birth.

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  • An osteological question which has been much discussed is the fate of the reptilian quadrate bone in the mammalian skull.

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  • A difficulty naturally arises with regard to the fact that in reptiles the occipital condyle by which the skull articulates with the vertebral column is single, although composed of three elements, whereas in amphibians and mammals the articulation is formed by a pair of condyles.

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  • As he says still more definitely elsewhere in the same work (p. 120), "I have declared again and again that if I say Aryas, I mean neither blood nor bones, nor hair nor skull; I mean simply those who speak an Aryan language.

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  • The Mediterranean Race, London, 1901), followed by many anthropologists, describes as "Pelasgian" one branch of the Mediterranean or Eur-African race of mankind, and one group of types of skull within that race.

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  • The shape of the skull is the most striking peculiarity of the Lapp. He is the most brachycephalous type of man in Europe, perhaps in the world.

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  • Near the south-west coast the skull of a large lemuroid animal was discovered in 1893, much longer than that of any living lemur, the animal being probably three times the size of any previously known Madagascar lemuroid.

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  • In the beds of the Lower Oolite portions of the skull of a reptile resembling the gavial of the Ganges had been previously discovered, from which a new genus called Steneosaurus has been founded.

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  • The horns of the male rise from the crest of the skull, and after bending gradually backwards terminate in smooth tips; the front surface of the remainder carrying bold transverse ridges or knots.

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  • No depression exists in the skull in front of the eye.

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  • The skull generally shows a slight depression in front of the socket of the eye, which, although now serving as the attachment for the muscle running to the nostril, may represent the face-gland of the extinct Hipparion.

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  • Many of the dark-coloured horses of Europe have Barb or Arab blood in their veins, this being markedly the case with the Old English black or Shire horse, the skull of which shows a distinct depression in front of the eye-socket.

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  • The skull as a whole is greatly elongated, chiefly in consequence of the immense size of the face as compared with the hinder or true cranial portion.

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  • The orbit, of nearly circular form, though small in proportion to the size of the whole skull, is distinctly marked, being completely surrounded by a strong ring of bone with prominent edges.

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  • The closure of the orbit behind distinguishes the skull of the horse from that of its allies the rhinoceros and tapir, and also from all of the perissodactyles of the Eocene period.

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  • - Side view of Skull of Horse, with the bone removed so as to expose the whole of the teeth.

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  • The former has a wide but shallow floccular fossa on its inner side, and sends backwards a considerable " pars mastoidea," which appears on the outer surface of the skull between the posttympanic process of the squamosal and the exoccipital.

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  • The bones which bear the two occipital condyles have given rise to much discussion, and the definition given by Huxley in the previous edition - "two occipital condyles, the basi-occipital region of the skull either very incompletely or not at all ossified" - requires revision.

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  • Some authors have held that the bone on which the occipital condyles have been found most developed in some labyrinthodonts (2) represents a large basi-occipital bearing two knobs for the articulation with the first vertebra, whilst the skull of the batrachians of the present day has lost the basi-occipital, and the condyles are furnished by the exoccipitals.

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  • But the recent find of a well preserved skull of a labyrinthodont (Capitosaurus stantonensis) from the Trias of Staffordshire has enabled A.

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  • - Tailed, lacertiform or serpentiform batrachians, with the temporal region of the skull roofed over by postorbital, squamosal, and supratemporal plates similar to the same bones in Crossopterygian fishes, and likewise with paired dermal bones (occipitals and post-temporals) behind the parietals and supratemporals.

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  • Credner to be identical in structure with those of Stegocephalians, the Caecilian skull presents features which are not shared by any of the tailed batrachians.

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  • Foramina by which the optic, trigeminal and portio dura, and abducens nerves leave the skull.

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  • - The skull of Ichthyophis glutinosus.

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  • 6.) As stated above in the definition of the order, the Stegocephalia have retained most of the cranial bones which are to be found in the Crossopterygian fishes, and it is worthy of note that the bones termed post-temporals may give attachment to a further bone so prolonged backwards as to suggest the probability of the skull being connected with the shoulder-girdle, as in most teleostome fishes.

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  • Although not strictly forming part of the skull, allusion should be made here to the ring of sclerotic plates which has been found in many of the Stegocephalia, and which is only found elsewhere in a few Crossopterygian fishes as well as in many reptiles and birds.

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  • Huxley's figures of the skull of a caecilian (Ichthyophis glutinosus), fig.

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  • The skull, in the Apoda, is remarkably solid and compact, and it possesses a postorbital or postfrontal bone (marked 1 in the figure) which does not exist in any of the other living batrachians.

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  • - Dorsal,ventral,lateral and posterior views of the skull of Rana esculenta.

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  • stenonis, of the Upper Pliocene of Europe, which has a small depression in front of the orbit, while the skull is relatively larger, the feet are rather shorter, and the splintbones somewhat more developed.

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  • The skull, which is relatively short, has a large depression in front of the orbit, commonly supposed to have contained a gland, but this may be doubtful.

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  • The skull of the driver bore the distinctive damage Howie had received in his earlier accident.

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  • He was normal, aside from the weird buzz at the base of his skull that'd kept him awake every night since Bianca touched his face.

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  • The back of his skull buzzed harder until he wondered if his scalp was about to spin off and fly away.

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  • Cody, sprawled in the middle of the street after being hit by a car, blood trickling from his skull into a nearby storm drain.

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  • Darkyn's lie detector skill gave Deidre a tingling at the base of her skull that she took to be a red flag.

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  • The skull looked up through hollow eyes, just as the flashlight died, plunging the pair into a blackened void of darkness.

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  • The first thing I saw was his skull.

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  • There, staring up at the group, nestled in an assortment of other bones, packed into a grubby plaid shirt, was a cracked white skull.

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  • Fred scratched his head as he held up the skull for close examination.

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  • If this here skull wasn't broken, maybe someone would think it was the real McCoy—at least in the dark or from a distance.

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  • But if somebody were playing a joke, why smash the skull?

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  • The skull was cracked and broken.

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  • She repeated that the skull was crushed.

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  • The fifth demon had finished him off by crushing his skull and taking his soul.

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  • And a human-looking skull.

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  • The coolness of his touch turned to gentle electric currents that worked their paths through her skull.

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  • The sea breeze seemed to pierce her skull and ruffle through her brain.

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  • Someone might have wondered about his skull being caved in.

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  • He felt a tingle at the base of his skull, one that warned him she was using some sort of magic on him.

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  • He dropped and grabbed the back of his skull, where blood poured free.

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  • George Cuvier, the French anatomist, recognized that the skull came from a giant marine lizard.

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  • bald patch on top of the skull.

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  • He looked at a skull going bald, on top a few greasy strands smeared over like a bar code.

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  • basilar skull fracture.

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  • baulk skull of a horse protruded from the balk of one trench, apparently still connected to the spine.

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  • Bloom plays an amateur boxer with the skull of steel on account of all the milk he drinks.

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  • She was buried with pieces of gold jewelry, decorated bronze and clay vessels and the skull of a bull.

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  • Deceased had his skull fractured and was otherwise terribly bruised.

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  • cantering horse and died in hospital from a fractured skull and crush injuries.

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  • He removes the brain with a suction catheter causing the skull to collapse, enabling the head to slide out.

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  • Her blond hair was tied back behind her skull, revealing fashionably gaunt cheekbones.

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  • Show Characteristics The head should be long and finely chiseled, with the skull being roughly equal to the length of the tapering muzzle.

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  • The skull was excavated from cist no.1 and is an example of a Bronze Age short cist within a cairn.

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  • The skull was split with a large cleaver, and the brain removed with a hook, knife or hand.

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  • compound fractureed that Denise had suffered a compound skull fracture but she was still alive.

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  • compound fractureeft temporal compound depressed skull fracture, resulting in occasional fits.

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  • The joint between the skull and the lower jaw is formed by a mandibular condyle.

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  • cerebral contusions These are bruises to the brain, caused when the brain bounces off the inside of the skull.

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  • The trigeminal nerve is exposed by performing a craniotomy (small hole in the skull behind the ear ).

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  • The surgeon will then create an opening in your skull, called a craniotomy, over the AVM.

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  • Case 70 Recurrent craniopharyngioma A young adult with recurrent headaches Findings The lateral skull film demonstrates a previous frontal craniotomy.

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  • Skull is very heavy with a thick cranium Coloring Skull is a pale brown color, which is grimy in places.

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  • SIENAX starts by extracting brain and skull images from the single whole-head input data [Smith 2002b] .

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  • Edmund Kemper smashed her skull and then decapitated her.

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  • deformitythe Moscow operations have been carried out to correct jaw or skull deformities.

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  • depressed skull fracture, resulting in occasional fits.

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  • The original Dutch skull (Mosasaurus hoffmanni ), figured by Cuvier, was mostly disarticulated.

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  • I had hardly expected so dolichocephalic a skull or such well-marked supra-orbital development.

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  • His brain inside his skull would start bubbling like a boiled egg inside its shell.

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  • ell coal seam, a large stone fell upon him from the roof and fractured his skull.

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  • Hide your features behind a latex skull or loads of black eyeliner.

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  • The pain at the base of the skull may be accompanied by a feeling of weakness in the shoulders and arms.

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  • Skull somewhat flattened between ears, with some width allowed in powerful male heads.

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  • foramen magnum is a hole at the base of the skull into which the spine is inserted.

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  • skull fracture Meningitis can be a serious complication following a skull fracture.

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  • gnawing pain across his skull, aching ribs, and the awful taste in his mouth, Gus got a hard-on.

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  • It had long arms and a skull the size of a large grapefruit.

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  • Put on a Halloween skeleton costume, a witches costume or simply pop on a skull halloween mask.

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  • Despite the gnawing pain across his skull, aching ribs, and the awful taste in his mouth, Gus got a hard-on.

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  • Bone anchored hearing aids: This type of hearing aid is attached to a titanium screw implanted into the skull.

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  • The skull itself is rounded and self-contained -- superficially resembling a monkey's skull more than a grazing herbivore 's (Figure 5 ).

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  • I'm getting all excited My darling hubby is buying me a crystal skull for my birthday later this week.

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  • inclined to think that its Santa's skull structure that is exacerbating any bacterial infection.

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  • In T1-weighted images, the internal surface of the skull is largely indistinguishable from the CSF, which is also dark.

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  • Extensive, mainly acute, inflammation may be found in the cancerous bone of the skull.

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  • A well aimed kick from them can smash the skull of a hunting dog or inflict serious injury on a lion.

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  • innominate bone, skull, ribs, clavicle and scapula are uncommon sites of the disease.

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  • intact skull before the brain was removed.

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  • Jugular venous bulb saturation is the oxygen saturation of venous blood in the jugular venous bulb saturation is the oxygen saturation of venous blood in the jugular bulb which is at the base of the skull.

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  • kebab skewer into the skull, just above the join.

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  • One blow can shatter a kneecap, crack a skull, or break an arm.

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  • A mocking laugh rang around the inside of my skull.

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  • I was very much tempted by a large, almost life-size, crystal skull.

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  • The foramen magnum is a hole at the base of the skull into which the spine is inserted.

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  • mocking laugh rang around the inside of my skull.

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  • Good broad skull, nice short square muzzle, well placed eyes with good expression.

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  • Judy said that the proportions should be a slightly longer muzzle compared to skull.

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  • The claimant underwent neurosurgery in respect of the depressed skull fracture and fixing of dental wiring, which was in place for five weeks.

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  • Six or more snakes swing from the skull the hero holds, however he remains nonchalant, not looking.

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  • They removed the brain by placing a chisel up the left nostril and breaking through the skull.

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  • Skull has a notably long vault with a bulbous occipital bone.

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  • The skull is rather large and high in the dome, with a prominent occiput and a gradual stop.

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  • The Skull Island sequence is slightly overlong with one too many set pieces.

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  • The sucker is fixed to a bald patch on top of the skull.

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  • pimply youth with a big blue tit perched on his skull wanders up your front path to take a statement.

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  • The skull oval from ear to ear, showing plenty of brain room, and with a well-defined occipital protuberance.

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  • His skull had been smashed by repeated blows from a heavy object, his head reduced to a bloody pulp.

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  • purulent inflammation affecting the skull bones.

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  • Across the room, a young girl's face in an antique mirror oozed gray puss as her face disintegrated into a charred skull.

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  • In circumstances where, for whatever reason, CT is not promptly available, skull radiographs may still have a role.

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  • rustlerustling sounds were from the spider crawling around inside her skull.

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  • saluted smartly and beamed, if a rat skull could beam.

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  • sawdust man 's skull?

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  • They will put on a skull cap (Kippur) and wrap a prayer shawl (Tallit) around their shoulders.

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  • shrunken head was done by removing the skin from the skull.

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  • Note also the blood in the sphenoid sinuses, consistent with a basal skull fracture.

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  • Skull The bony skeleton of the head, which protects and covers the brain.

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  • Press one end of the kebab skewer into the skull, just above the join.

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  • A screaming skull resides at Bettiscombe manor, which in legend cannot be removed from the house.

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  • A well aimed kick from them can smash the skull of a hunting dog or inflict serious injury on a lion.

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  • skull crushed, lay on a table behind the closed doors across the hall.

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  • As the needle penetrates the skull, complications affecting the brain may arise.

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  • Recently he had had an injury playing football that included a cracked skull.

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  • He has a fractured skull, " Spock replied.

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  • He faces further surgery to repair his shattered skull.

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  • They directed that bovine head meat had to be recovered from the intact skull before the brain was removed.

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  • About halfway up the ladder route a human skull was noticed on a ledge.

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  • The monster is depicted in a manner clearly based on a fossil skull.

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  • Skull fracture Meningitis can be a serious complication following a skull fracture Meningitis can be a serious complication following a skull fracture.

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  • skull crushers, but do it with a barbell so you don't have each arm working independently.

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  • skull caps should be seen on the cream of our youth.

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  • skull fragments would suggest that this deposit was either not entirely of domestic refuse or, of heterogenous origin.

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  • Skull X-rays All head injured patients had plain skull X-rays All head injured patients had plain skull X-rays performed on admission to hospital.

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  • skull X-rays which took most of the day.

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  • I was very much tempted by a large, almost life-size, crystal skull.

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  • The width of a Down's syndrome skull is nearly normal for that age.

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  • slanted upwards toward the rear of the skull.

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  • Crushing riffs, Shredding solos, pounding drums and skull smashing basslines.

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  • soundless words cascaded around my skull, promising to shatter its fragile bony structure.

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  • sphenoid sinuses, consistent with a basal skull fracture.

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  • stamina required to try to get through to Tricky's thick skull.

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  • suction catheter causing the skull to collapse, enabling the head to slide out.

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  • Stereolithography resin model of full skull and custom titanium plate in place.

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  • Place one black tourmaline on the base chakra and tape another to where the spine meets the back of the skull at the occiput.

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  • Three nights in succession he kept tryst with the gray lady, and at last he found a stone not unlike a skull.

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  • The Atlas vertebra meets with the occipital condyles which flank the foramen magnum in the basilar part of the occipital bone of the skull.

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  • Xmas decorations were being made in the Mary Poppins room - paper skull & crossbones chains anyone?

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  • skull X-rays All head injured patients had plain skull X-rays performed on admission to hospital.

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  • This skin, with the skull and antlers, was sent to Paris, where it was described in 1866 by Professor Milne-Edwards.

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  • Krum is said to have made a drinkingcup of Nicephorus's skull.

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  • Calaveras skull >>

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  • In addition to certain details in the conformation of the skull, the horns are much more slender than in the ordinary white goat, and instead of bending regularly backwards till near their tips, curve widely outwards from their bases.

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  • In the skull there are always vacuities, or unossified spaces in the bones of the palate, while the "angle," or lower hind extremity of each half of the lower jaw is strongly bent inwards so as to form a kind of shelf, and the alisphenoid bone takes a share in the formation of the tympanum, or auditory bladder, or bulla.

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  • - Front View of Skull of the Tasmanian Devil (Sarcophilus ursinus) to exhibit polyprotodont type of dentition.

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  • In connexion with the large size of the ears is the excessive inflation of the auditory bulla of the skull.

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  • The elongated skull (fig.

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  • - Skull of Caenolestes obscurus.

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  • From the structure of the skull, it is thought probable that Abderites had an elongated snout, like that of many Insectivora.

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  • - Front view of Skull of the Koala (Phascolarctus cinereus) to exhibit Diprotodont type of dentition.

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  • The tympanic process of the alisphenoid bone of the skull is short, not covering the cavity of the tympanum, nor reaching the paroccipital process.

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  • On the other hand, the considerably smaller Nototherium, characterized by its sharp and broad skull and smaller incisors, seems to have been much more wombat-like, and may perhaps have possessed similar burrowing habits.

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  • - Front view of Skull of Thylacoleo carnifex, restored.

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  • From the Phascolomyidae, the two families, which may be collectively designated Phalangeroidea, differ by the circumstance that in the skull the tympanic process of the alisphenoid covers the tympanic cavity and reaches the paroccipital process.

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  • In view of these differences from the domesticated breed, and the resemblance of the skull or lower jaw to that of the extinct European species, it becomes practically impossible to regard the wild camels as the offspring of animals that have escaped from captivity.

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  • The only artificial deformity is a depression of the skull, chiefly among one of the southern tribes, caused by the pressure of a strap used for carrying loads.

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  • From the rough comparison of the skeleton of a bird with that of a man by Pierre Delon, in the 16th century (to go no further back), down to the theory of the limbs and the theory of the skull at the present day; or, from the first demonstration of the homologies of the parts of a flower by C. F.

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  • Thus various parts of criminals, such as the thigh bone of a hanged man, moss grown on a human skull, &c., were used, and even the celebrated Dr Culpeper in the 17th century recommended " the ashes of the head of a coal black cat as a specific for such as have a skin growing over their sight."

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  • The skeleton is cartilaginous, and the skull is remarkable for the very elongate suspensorium of the lower jaw; the tail remains in the notochordal condition, no cartilages being formed in this organ, which is destined to disappear with the gills.

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  • They are of middle height and dark complexion, with generally straight nose, small round skull, small sharp chin and large full eyes, which are expressive, however, rather of cunning than intelligence.

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  • Parker wrote the account of the skull in the article Birds for the 9th edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, he had still to wrestle with the general problem of the composition and evolution of the skull.

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  • That chapter of comparative anatomy (together with other anatomical details, for which see the separate articles) is now dealt with in the article Skull; here only the most avine features are alluded to, and since some of Parker's original illustrations have been retained, the description has been shortened considerably.

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  • One general feature of the adult bird's skull is the almost complete disappearance of the sutures between the bones of the cranium proper, whilst another is the great movability of the whole palatal and other suspensorial apparatus.

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  • Part of the membranous roof between the supra-occipital and parietal bones frequently remains unossified and presents in the macerated skull a pair of fontanelles.

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  • - End view of skull of a Chicken fo three weeks old, X 8 diameters.

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  • - Skull of adult Fowl.

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  • This skull is unusually schizognathous, the vomer (v.) being very small, and the maxillo - palatine process (mxp) much aborted.

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  • - Skull of nestling Sparrow !'

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  • (I) Cervical vertebrae, or those between the skull and the first vertebra which is connected with the sternum by a pair of complete ribs.

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  • vi.; "Skull of Aegithognathous Birds," ibid.

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  • x., 1878; " Skull in the Ostrich Tribe," Phil.

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  • 156, 1866; " Skull of Common Fowl," ibid.

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  • 159, 1870; " Skull of Picidae," T.

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