How to use Skins in a sentence
In Teneriffe and Grand Canary the corpse was simply wrapped up in goat and sheep skins, while in other islands a resinous substance was used to preserve the body, which was then placed in a cave difficult of access, or buried under a tumulus.
They are typical Berbers in physique, tall, well made and muscular, with European features and fair skins bronzed by the sun.
Sheep skins and sail-cloth are articles of trade.
There were about twenty-five thousand people at the game, and, when we went out, the noise was so terrific, we nearly jumped out of our skins, thinking it was the din of war, and not of a football game that we heard.
He catches deer, drains them of blood, skins them, and I cook 'em up for dinner.Advertisement
The dual moons seemed to hover somewhere in the middle of the air of a massive chasm, just like the dozen or so hulking spaceships, whose dark grey skins reflected like skins of massive grey whales in the moonlight.
The ship anchored near the shore, where barbarians in ill-fitting clothing made of animal skins awaited them.
The rafts used are the so-called kelleks, of wood supported on inflated skins, which are broken up at Bagdad, the wood sold and the skins carried back by caravan.
The principal items of export are wool, skins, tallow, frozen mutton, chilled beef, preserved meats, butter and other articles of pastoral produce, timber, wheat, flour and fruits, gold, silver, lead, copper, tin and other metals.
When going through the bush they sometimes wear an apron of skins, for protection merely.Advertisement
A very large industry in Bukhara is the export of Astrakhan lamb skins (called locally Karakul).
Attempts to breed these sheep in other countries have always resulted in a deterioration in the quality of the skins owing to some peculiarity of climate.
Before the World War about i 2 million skins were obtained annually at a cost of 6 to 8 roubles each.
From Jalalabad downwards the river is navigable by boats or rafts of inflated skins, and is considerably used for purposes of commerce.
The exports include hides, skins, rubber, wax, tobacco and cotton.Advertisement
By means of similar head-jerks the skins of insects sucked dry of their contents are thrown out of the pit, which is then kept clear of refuse.
Several species of Dermestidae are commonly found in houses, feeding on cheeses, dried meat, skins and other such substances.
It contains breweries, tanneries, sugar, tobacco, cloth, and silk factories, and exports skins, cloth, cocoons, cereals, attar of roses, "dried fruit, &c. Sofia forms the centre of a railway system radiating to Constantinople (300 m.), Belgrade (206 m.) and central Europe, Varna, Rustchuk and the Danube, and Kiustendil near the Macedonian frontier.
As is well known, great efforts were made by King Edgar to reduce the number of wolves in the country, but, notwithstanding the annual tribute of 300 skins paid to him during several years by the king of Wales, he was not altogether so successful as has been commonly imagined.
By far the largest area is occupied by the Mongolian group. These have yellow-brown skins, black eyes and hair, flat noses and oblique eyes.Advertisement
The Xanthochroi have fair skins, blue eyes and light hair; and others have dark skins, eyes and hair, and are of a slighter frame.
Far better both as draughtsman and as authority was George Edwards, who in 1 743 began, under the same title as Albin, a series of plates with letterpress, which was continued by the name of Gleanings in Natural History, and finished in 1760, when it had reached seven parts, forming four quarto volumes, the figures of which are nearly always quoted with approval.4 The year which saw the works of Edwards completed was still further distinguished by the appearance in France, where little had been done since Belon's days,' in six quarto volumes, of the Ornithologie of MathurinJacques Brisson - a work of very great merit so far as it goes, for as a descriptive ornithologist the author stands even now unsurpassed; but it must be said that his knowledge, according to internal evidence, was confined to books and to the external parts of birds' skins.
Yet it is said, on good authority, that Nitzsch had the patience so to manipulate the skins of many rare species that he was able to ascertain the characters of their pterylosis by the inspection of their inside only, without in any way damaging them for the ordinary purpose of a museum.
An active trade is carried on with Austria, especially through the Isakovets and Gusyatin custom-houses, corn, cattle, horses, skins, wool, linseed and hemp seed being exported, in exchange for wooden wares, linen, woollen stuffs, cotton, glass and agricultural implements.
Fibres and vegetable grasses, wool, hides and skins, cotton, sugar, iron and steel and their manufactures, chemicals, coal, and leather and its manufactures are the leading imports; provisions, leather and its manufactures, cotton and its manufactures, breadstuffs, iron and steel and.Advertisement
Growth is accompanied by a succession of moults, the spider emerging from its old skins by means of a fracture which extends along the front and sides of the cephalothorax just beneath the edge of the carapace.
Arsenical soap is very much employed by taxidermists for the preservation of the skins of birds and mammals.
Ivory, cattle, butter, coffee, cotton, myrrh, gums and skins are exported from the Benadir country.
The surrounding district is mainly agricultural and pastoral, producing oats, maize, cotton, olive oil, cattle, sheep, skins, hides and butter.
The chief articles of export (together with those that have lapsed) have been already indicated; but they may be summarized as including seal-oil, seal, fox, bird and bear skins, fish products and eiderdown, with some quantity of worked skins.Advertisement
A considerable trade is carried on in the export of horses, buffaloes, goats, dinding (dried flesh), skins, birds' nests, wax, rice, katyang, sappanwood, &c. Sumbawa entered into treaty relations with the Dutch East India Company in 1674.
If the observer takes up a suitable position near water, his coat is often seen to be covered with the cast sub-imaginal skins of these insects, which had chosen him as a convenient object upon which to undergo their final change.
Its principal imports are coffee (of which it is the greatest continental market), tea, sugar, spices, rice, wine (especially from Bordeaux), lard (from Chicago), cereals, sago, dried fruits, herrings, wax (from Morocco and Mozambique), tobacco, hemp, cotton (which of late years shows a large increase), wool, skins, leather, oils, dyewoods, indigo, nitrates, phosphates and coal.
Red fox-skins are largely imported into Europe for various purposes, the American imports alone formerly reaching as many as 60,000 skins annually.
Silver fox is one of the most valuable of all furs, as much as £480 having been given for an unusually fine pair of skins in 1902.Advertisement
Many at least of the "blue fox" skins of the furtrade are white skins dyed.
The exports cover a wide range of agricultural, pastoral and natural productions, including coffee, rubber, sugar, cotton, cocoa, Brazil nuts, mate (Paraguay tea), hides, skins, fruits, gold, diamonds, manganese ore, cabinet woods and medicinal leaves, roots and resins.
The export of goat skins from these states is large.
The chief exports, not all products of the province, are coal, wool, mohair, hides and skins, wattle bark, tea, sugar, fruits and jams. The import trade is of a most varied character, and a large proportion of the goods brought into the country are in transit to the Transvaal and Orange Free State, Natal affording, next to Delagoa Bay, the shortest route to the Rand.
Next in value came wool (£226,000), horses and mules (£110,000), skins, hides and horns (£106,000), tobacco (£89,000), tin, coal, copper and lead.Advertisement
The department imports coal, lime, stone, salt, raw sulphur, skins and timber and exports agricultural and mineral products, bricks and tiles, and other manufactured goods.
The principal exports were coffee, cacau, divi-divi, rubber, hides and skins, cattle and asphalt.
The fur (q.v.) of this rodent was prized by the ancient Peruvians, who made coverlets and other articles with the skin, and at the present day the skins are exported in large numbers to Europe, where they are made into muffs, tippets and trimmings.
There is nowhere a real defining line between the two (many New Caledonians having black skins and woolly hair with Polynesian superiority of limb), but the Polynesian type is generally found among the chiefs and their kindred.
In the interior is said to exist a tribe - the Korongoeis--with white skins and fair hair, but it has never been seen by travellers.Advertisement
Goats are raised in Piura and Lambayeque for their skins and fat, and swine-breeding for the production of lard has become important in some of the coast valleys immediately north of Lima.
In consequence of an oracle which had commanded him to marry his daughters to a lion and a boar, he wedded them to Polyneices and Tydeus, two fugitives, clad in the skins of these animals or carrying shields with their figures on them, who claimed his hospitality.
If we take for instance the skins of animals that are striped or spotted, we have the best possible illustration of natures methods in this direction.
Rugs of skins or rush matting were used for sitting on, and the whole - was surrounded with a palisade.
The skins from northern regions are more full and of a finer colour and gloss than those from more temperate climates, as are those of animals killed in winter compared to the same individuals in summer.Advertisement
The importance of the fur of this animal as an article of commerce may be judged of from the fact that 15,000 skins were sold in one year by the Hudson's Bay Company as long ago as 1743.
The principal exports from Maracaibo are coffee, hides and skins, cabinet and dye-woods, cocoa, and mangrove bark, to which may be added dividivi, sugar, copaiba, gamela and hemp straw for paper-making, and fruits.
Corn, salt, sugar and fish are brought from the south, whilst skins and manufactured wares, imported from Germany, are sent to the southern governments.
Besides coffee there is a large trade in durra, the kat plant (used by the Mahommedans as a drug), ghee, cattle, mules and camels, skins and hides, ivory and gums. The import trade is largely in cotton goods, but every kind of merchandise is included.
The chief exports are sisal fibre, rubber, hides and skins, wax, ivory, copra, coffee, ground-nuts and cotton.
The articles exported were ivory, rubber, skins and hides, and livestock (for consumption in East Africa).
Thus in the mountains of the north-west the Karons live by plunder, or by disposal of slaves or bird skins; while their neighbours the Kebars are a peaceful agricultural people.
A considerable native export trade in wood, charcoal, bamboo, medicines, paper umbrellas, oranges, otter skins and tobacco leaf is carried on.
The northern Algonquin and Iroquoian tribes practised similar arts, and in the Atlantic states wove robes of animal and bird skins by cutting the latter into long strips, winding these strips on twine of hemp, and weaving them by the same processes employed in their basketry.
The forming of bird skins, rabbit skins and feathers into robes, and all basketry technic, existed from Vancouver Island to Central America.
The mound builders, Pueblo tribes, middle Americans and Peruvians, were potters of many schools; gorgeous colour fascinated the Amazonians, the Patagonians delighted in skins, and even the Fuegians saw beauty in the pretty snail shells of their desolate island shores.
There is an active trade in cattle, tallow, wools, skins, linseed, wine, corn and manufactured wares.
Such stories obtained credence from the fact that so late as the year 1760, when Linnaeus named the principal species apoda, or "footless," no perfect specimen had been seen in Europe, the natives who sold the skins to coast traders invariably depriving them of feet and wings.
The natives in preparing the skins remove both feet and wings, so as to give more prominence to the commercially valuable tuft of plumes.
It is thus evident that park-cattle are an albino offshoot from the ancient Pembroke black breed, which, from their soft and well-oiled skins, are evidently natives of a humid climate, such as that of the forests in which dwelt the wild aurochs.
Moreover the export of sheep skins and pelts was valued at £680,000 in the lastmentioned year.
Their clothing was partly of linen and partly of woollen fabrics and the skins of their beasts.
The trade is very active and increasing, Kishinev being a centre for the Bessarabian trade in grain, wine, tobacco, tallow, wool and skins, exported to Austria and to Odessa.
In 1803 the skins imported into England numbered 25,000.
His subjects were ordered to worship him under the name of Zeus; he built a bridge of brass, over which he drove at full speed in his chariot to imitate thunder, the effect being heightened by dried skins and caldrons trailing behind, while torches were thrown into the air to represent lightning.
The chief articles brought by the caravans are ostrich feathers, skins and ivory and one of the principal imports istea.
The chief exports are sheep and oxen, most of which are raised in Morocco and Tunisia, and horses; animal products, such as wool and skins; wine, cereals (rye, barley, oats), vegetables, fruits (chiefly figs and grapes for the table) and seeds, esparto grass, oils and vegetable extracts (chiefly olive oil), iron ore, zinc, natural phosphates, timber, cork, crin vegetal and tobacco.
The exports, which comprise coffee, bananas, cocoa, cabinet-woods and dye-woods, with hides and skins, mother-of-pearl, tortoiseshell and gold, were officially valued at £1,398,000 in 1904; and in the same year the imports, including foodstuffs, dry goods and hardware, were valued at £1,229,000.
The chief articles of export are cereals, flour, wool, hemp, skins and fish; and the imports include hardwares, fruits, oil and petroleum.
The exports include gold, silver, copper, coffee, henequen or sisal, ixtle and other fibres, cabinet woods, chicle, rubber and other forest products, hides and skins, chickpeas, tobacco and sugar.
Some attention is given to the breeding of goats because of the local demand for their skins, but the industry is apparently stationary.
The greater part is consumed in the country, but there is a considerable export of cattle to the United States, Cuba and Central America, and of hides and skins to the United States and Europe.
Other industries of a desultory character include the collection of archil, or Spanish moss, on the western side of the Californian peninsula, hunting herons for their plumes and alligators for their skins, honey extraction (commonly wild honey), and the gathering of cochineal and ni-in insects.
In the next month the god Xipe-totec, already mentioned, had his festival called the " flaying of men " from the human victims being flayed, after their hearts were torn out, for young men to dress in their skins and perform dances and sham fights.
The skins and feathers are highly valued for decoration.
Their merchandise consists of sheep and goats, gum and resin, skins and ostrich feathers.
The islanders of the Bougainville Straits have lank, almost straight, black hair and very dark skins.
The exports include cattle, hides, skins, wool and ostrich feathers.
It is at the head of the navigation of the Tigris, which is traversed down stream by keleks or rafts supported by inflated skins.
Its exports include timber, citrons, skins, chestnuts and gallic acid.
Since then (1904) Miss Florence Durham has shown that if the skins of young or embryonic mammals (rats, rabbits and guinea-pigs) be ground up and extracted in water, and the expressed juice be then incubated with solid tyrosin for twentyfour hours, with the addition of a very small amount of ferrous sulphate to act as an activator, a pigmentary substance is thrown down.
The same result was obtained from the skins of some unhatched chickens.
The skins of albinoes gave no results Not only have such results been obtained with sponges, insects, cephalopods, birds and mammals, but Em.
Durham, "Tyrosinases in the Skins of Pigmented Vertebrates," Proc. Roy.
Its chief exports are oranges, millet, dra and other cereals, goat-hair and skins, sheepskins, wool and fullers' earth.
The history of furs can be read in Marco Polo, as he grows eloquent with the description of the rich skins of the khan of Tatary; in the early fathers of the church, who lament their introduction into Rome and Byzantium as an evidence of barbaric and debasing luxury; in the political history of Russia, stretching out a powerful arm over Siberia to secure her rich treasures; in the story of the French occupation of Canada, and the ascent of the St Lawrence to Lake Superior, and the subsequent contest to retain possession against England; in the history of early settlements of New England, New York and Virginia; in Irving's Astoria; in the records of the Hudson's Bay Company; and in the annals of the fairs held at Nizhniy Novgorod and Leipzig.
The collection of skins is now chiefly a matter of private enterprise.
With regard to the rearing of the Persian lamb, there is a prevalent idea that the skins of the unborn lamb are frequently used; this, however, is a mistake.
A few such skins have been taken, but they are too delicate to be of any service.
At one time thousands of buffalo skins were obtainable and provided material for most useful coats and rugs for rough wear in cold regions, but to-day only a herd or so of the animals remain, and in captivity.
After the skins have been carefully removed - the sooner after death the better for the subsequent condition of the fur - they are lightly tacked out, pelt outwards, and, without being exposed to the sun or close contact with a fire, allowed to dry in a hut or shady place where there is some warmth or movement of air.
With the exception of sealskins, which are pickled in brine, all raw skins come to the various trade markets simply dried like this.
Fur skins taken out of season are indifferent, and the hair is liable to shed itself freely; a good furrier will, however, reject such faulty specimens in the manufacturing.
The natural black fox is a member of the silver fox family and is very rare, the skins bringing a high price.
The best sea otters have very dark coats which are highly esteemed, a few with silver hairs in parts; where these are equally and evenly spread the skins are very valuable.
The darker sorts of mink, musquash, raccoon and wolverine are more valuable than the paler skins.
Collective Supplies and Sales.-There are ten large American and Canadian companies with extensive systems for gathering the annual hauls of skins from the far-scattered trappers.
In addition to the fur skins coming from North America vast numbers from Russia, Siberia, China, Japan, Australia and South America are offered during the same periods at public auction.
Of course there are many transactions, generally in the cheaper and coarser kinds of furs, used only in central Europe, Russia and Asia which in no way interest the London market, and there are many direct consignments of skins from collectors in America and Russia to London, New York and Leipzig merchants.
The annual collection of fur skins varies considerably in quantity according to the demand and to the good or had climatic conditions of the season; and it is impossible to give a complete record, as many skins are used in the country of their origin or exported direct to merchants.
The prices quoted are subject to constant fluctuation and represent purely trade prices for bulk, and it should be explained that the very great variations are due to different sizes, qualities and colours, and moreover are only first cost, before skins are dressed and prepared.
The fullest and darkest skins of each kind are the most valuable, and, in cases of bluish grey or white, the fuller, clearer and brighter are the more expensive.
Some odd lots of skins arrive designated simply as "sundries," so no classification is possible, and this will account for the absence of a few names of skins of which the imports are insignificant in quantity, or are received direct by the wholesale merchants.
The best skins are exported to France, Spain and Italy, and used for carriage rugs and military purposes.
Asiatic, including Japanese, skins are more woolly.
The depths of fur quoted are the greatest, but there are plenty of good useful skins possessing a lesser depth.
Used exactly as the better kind, and the picked skins are most effective.
Deer, Chinese and East Indian.-Small, light, pelted skins, the majority of which are used for mats.
Largest skins come from Denmark, Holland and Germany.
On the European continent, however, some hundreds of thousands of skins, principally German, Russian and Norwegian, are sold annually,.
Where the best coloured skins are not used for carriage rugs they are extensively dyed, and badger and other white hairs are inserted to resemble silver fox.
The skins, being the strongest of foxes', both in the fur and pelt, are serviceable.
Those skins in which the underwool is quite white are rare and much more expensive.
The skins that are not perfectly white are dyed jet black, dark or light smoke, violet-blue, blue-grey, and also in imitation of the drab shades of the natural blue.
The European, Arabian and East Indian kinds are seldom used for rugs, the skins are chiefly dressed as leather for books and furniture, and the kids for boots and gloves, and the finer wool and hair are woven into various materials.
The Chinese export thousands of similar skins in black, grey and white, usually ready dressed and made into rugs of two skins each.
If the skins are dressed in Europe they afford a very comfortable rug, though a very marked one in effect.
Most artists prize these skins above all others.
Occasionally, where something very marked is wanted, skating jackets and carriage aprons are made from the softest and flattest of skins, but usually they are made into settee covers, floor rugs and foot muffs.
These skins are found in Africa, Arabia and part of India, and are every year becoming scarcer.
For attire the skins manufactured in Europe are generally dyed black or brown, in which state it has a similar appearance to dyed fox, but having less thick underwool, and finer hair flows freely.
The finest skins when dyed black are used very largely in America in place of the dyed black fox so fashionable for mourning wear in Great Britain and France.
The Viennese have been particularly successful, and their method has been to dye the skins a good brown and then not put in the dark stripes, which exist in sable and mink, until the garment or article is finished, thus obtaining as perfectly symmetrical effects as if the articles were made of small skins instead of large ones.
Skins of a pale bluish tone are generally used in their natural state for stoles, boas and muffs, but the less clear coloured skins are dyed in beautiful shades similar in density to the dark and valuable sables from Russia, and are the most effective skins that can be purchased at a reasonable price.
The best skins are very dark and are obtained from Nova Scotia.
The skins were in 1850 very fashionable in England for stoles, muffs and trimmings, and in America also as recently as 1890.
If the colour were less motley and the joins between the skins could be made less noticeable, it would be largely in demand for stoles, ties and muffs.
Formerly the fur was only used for hatters' felt, but with the rise in prices of furs these skins have been more carefully removed and-with improved dressing, unhairing and silvering processes-the best provides a very effective and suitable fur for ladies' coats, capes, stoles, muffs, hats and gloves, while the lower qualities make very useful, light-weighted and inexpensive linings for men's or women's driving coats.
Besides these there are some very rich brown skins which were formerly in such request in Europe, especially Russia, that undue killing occurred until 1899, when the government stopped for a time the taking of any of this class.
But it is in the colder northern regions that they are found in the greatest numbers and with the best fur or underwool, the top hair, which, with the exception of the scarce and very rich dark brown specimens they have in common with most aquatic animals, is pulled out before the skins are manufactured.
Skins from Germany and China are smaller, and shorter in the wool.
A large number of skins, after unhairing, is dyed seal colour and used in America.
The skins are not obtained in any numbers, but being brought over by travellers as curiosities and used for muffs, collars and cuffs, &c., they are included here for reference.
These skins are of comparatively recent importation to the civilized world.
The very finest skins are chiefly used for stoles and muffs, and the general run for coachmen's capes and carriage rugs, which are very handsome when the tails, which are marked with rings of dark and light fur alternately, are left on.
The best skins come from the northern parts of the United States.
Raccoon skins are also frequently unhaired, and if the underwool is of good quality the effect is similar to beaver.
The skins are sold in the trade sale as martens, but as there are many that are of a very dark colour and the majority are almost as silky as the Russian sable, the retail trade has for generations back applied the term of sable to this fur.
The dyeing of these very pale skins has been for so long well executed that it has been possible to make very good useful and effective articles of them at a moderate price compared to Russian sable.
The finest skins are found in the East Main and the Esquimaux Bay, in the Hudson's Bay Company's districts, and the poorest in Alaska.
The best skins are excellent in quality, colour and effect, and wear well.
These are similar to the Amur skins previously referred to, but of much poorer quality and generally only suitable for linings.
The very palest skins are dyed and made by the Chinese into mandarins' coats, in which form they are found in the London trade sales, but being overdressed they are inclined to be loose in the hair and the colour of the dye is not good.
These skins belong to a species of marten, very similar to the European and American, but much more silky in the nature of their fur.
The Amur skins are paler, but often of a pretty bluish stony tone with many frequently interspersed silvery hairs.
The paler skins from all districts in Siberia are now cleverly coloured or "topped," that is, just the tips of the hair are stained dark, and it is only an expert who can detect them from perfectly natural shades.
Notwithstanding the reported rights of the Russian imperial authorities over some regions with respect to these and other valuable fur-bearing animals, there are in addition to the numbers regularly sent to the trade auction sales in London many good parcels of raw skins to be easily bought direct, provided price is not the first consideration.
The centre of the skin between the fins is very narrow and the skins taper at each end, particularly at the tail.
The very small pups are of a beautiful quality, but too tiny to make into garments, and, as the aim of a good furrier is to avoid all lateral or cross seams, skins are selected that are the length of the garment that, is to be made.
The most useful skins for coats are the large pups 42 in.
The largest skins, known in the trade as "wigs," which range up to 8 ft.
Formerly many skins were obtained from New Zealand and Australia, but the importation is now small and the quality not good.
These fur skins are dyed black or dark brown and are used for military caps and hearth-rugs.
Skins with very short wool are dyed black and used for military saddlecloths.
The skins which are of the greatest interest to the European trade are those from North America, the South American species being small, coarse and generally brown.
The best skins come from Ohio and New York.
It is known as kaluga when imported in ready-made linings from Russia where the skins are dressed and worked in an inferior way.
The best skins also provide excellent material for coats, capes, stoles, ties, collars, cuffs, gloves, muffs, hoods and light-weight carriage aprons.
The majority are consigned to the trade auction sales in London ready dressed and worked into cross-shaped coats, and the remainder, a fourth of the total, come as dressed skins.
It is not prolific, added to which it is very difficult to match a number of skins in quality as well as colour.
The darkest of the least coarse skins are worth the most.
Generally the skins are placed in an alkali bath, then by hand with a blunt wooden instrument the moisture of the pelt is worked out and it is drawn carefully to and fro over a straight, dull-edged knife to remove any superfluous flesh and unevenness.
After dressing most skins alter in shape and decrease in size.
In France they do well with cheaper skins, such as musquash, rabbit and hare, which they dye in addition to dressing.
In the case of seal and beaver skins the process is a much more difficult one, as the water or hard top hairs have to be removed by hand after the pelt has been carefully rendered moist and warm.
With seal skins the process is longer than with any other fur preparation and the series of processes engage many specialists, each man being constantly kept upon one section of the work.
The skins arrive simply salted.
Perhaps for ingenuity and the latest methods of manipulating skins in the manufacturing of furs the Americans lead the way, but as fur cutters are more or less of a roving and cosmopolitan character the larger fur businesses in London, Berlin, Vienna, St Petersburg, Paris and New York are guided by the same thorough and comparatively advanced principles.
During the period just mentioned the tailors' methods of scientific pattern cutting have been adopted by the leading furriers in place of the old chance methods of fur cutters, so that to-day a fur garment may be as accurately and gracefully fitted as plush or velvet, and with all good houses a material pattern is fitted and approved before the skins are cut.
A few linings are made from entire skins and others are made from the quite white pieces, which in some instances are spotted with the black ear tips of the animals to resemble ermine.
The majority of heads, gills or throats, sides or flanks, paws and pieces of skins cut up in the fur workshops of Great Britain, America and France, weighing many tons, are chiefly exported to Leipzig, and made up in neighbouring countries and Greece, where labour can be obtained at an alarmingly low rate.
One of the most remarkable results of the European intervention in the Boxer rising in China (I goo) was the absurd price paid for so-called "loot" of furs, particularly in mandarins' coats of dyed and natural fox skins and pieces, and natural ermine, poor in quality and yellowish in colour; from three to ten times their value was paid for them when at the same time huge parcels of similar quality were warehoused in the London docks, because purchasers could not be found for them.
The skins are invariably tanned and beautifully sewn, the furs are generally flat in quality and not very strong in the hair, and are retained more as curiosities than for use as a warm covering.
The opportunities for cheating in the fur trade are very considerable, and most serious frauds have been perpetrated in the selling of sables that have been coloured or "topped"; that is, just the tips of the hairs stained dark to represent more expensive skins.
Where the skins are heavily dyed it is comparatively easy to see the difference between a natural and a dyed colour, as the underwool and top hair become almost alike and the leather is also dark, whereas in natural skins the base of the underwool is much paler than the top, or of a different colour, and the leather is white unless finished in a pale reddish tone as is sometimes the case when mahogany sawdust is used in the final cleaning.
Garments made of sealskin pieces and Persian lamb pieces are frequently sold as if they were made of solid skins, the term "pieces" being simply suppressed.
The skin of the chamois is very soft; made into leather it was the original shammy, which is now made, however, from the skins of many other animals.
When badgers were more abundant than they now are, their skins, dressed with the hair attached, were commonly used for pistol furniture.
The kidney fat of all sheep and the skins of all goats slaughtered in the public yard are perquisites of government, the former being used for the manufacture of soap, which, with snuff, is a government monopoly.
The imports consist chiefly of English goods, indigo, cloth, boots, leather, sugar, salt, iron and copper, from Hindustan, and of shawls, carpets, "Barak" (native woollen cloth), postins (coats made of skins), shoes, silks, opium and carpets from Meshed, Herat and Turkestan.
The trade is principally in cereals, skins, cow-hair, felt, tallow and salt.
The white breeds are liable to sun-scald, and black pigs (like black men) are much better adapted than white to exposure in strong sunlight, conforming to the rule that animals in the tropics have black skins.
In Northern Nigeria up to the moment of the British occupation the foreign trade was chiefly in the hands of Tripoli Arabs whose caravans crossed the desert at great risk and expense, and carried to the markets of Kuka and Kano tea, sugar and other European goods, taking away the skins and feathers which constituted the principal articles of export to the Mediterranean coast.
The most common of the fruits are dates, of which there are nearly thirty varieties, which are sold half-ripe, ripe, dried, and pressed in their fresh moist state in mats or skins.
Of less importance are the exports of hides and skins, eggs, wheat and other grains, wool, quails, lentils, dates and Sudan produce in transit.
Cedar wood was brought from the forests of Lebanon, ivory, leopard skins and gold from the south, all kinds of spices and ingredients of incense from Somaliland and Arabia, fine linen and beautifully worked vessels from Syria and the islands.
Aard-varks are hunted for their skins; but.
Their beards are sometimes thick; their limbs are muscular; the colour of their skins is cinnamon brown.
Goat skins, eggs and beeswax are the principal exports, cotton goods, tea, sugar and candles being the chief imports.
Jutland; exports pork and meat, butter, eggs, fish, cattle and sheep, skins, lard and agricultural seeds, and has regular communication with Harwich and Grimsby in England.
The animals chiefly hunted were the gazelle, ibex, oryx, stag, wild ox, wild sheep, hare and porcupine; also the ostrich for its plumes, and the fox, jackal, wolf, hyaena and leopard for their skins, or as enemies of the farm-yard.
The exports include sugar, rum, cotton, hides, skins, rubber, wax, fibres, dyewoods, cacau, mandioca flour, pineapples and other fruits.
There are no bridges, and the transit of the river from bank to bank can only be effected by the use of inflated skins.
In the valleys of Kabul mulberries are dried, and packed in skins for winter use.
The chief exports are raw cotton, cotton goods and yarn, rice, wheat, oil-seeds, raw jute and jute-manufactures, hides and skins, tea, opium and lac. In1905-1906there was great activity in both the cotton and jute industries.
The principal articles of import are shirtings, drills, jeans and twills, opium, woollens, steel, lead, needles, J apanese sea-weed and sugar; and of export, wool, skins, beans and pease, straw braid, coal, dates, tobacco and rhubarb.
The principal exports are cattle and dairy produce, grain, lamb and goat skins, and cloth (shayak); the imports include coal, iron and machinery, textiles, petroleum and chemicals.
It has few manufactures, but does an extensive trade principally in the importation of silk from Cheh-kiang and Sze-ch`uen, tea from Hu-peh and Hu-nan, and sugar from Sze-ch`uen, and in the exportation of these and other articles (such as skins and furs) to Kan-suh, Russia and Central Asia.
On its summit was an altar of Zeus Actaeus, in whose honour an annual festival was held in the dog-days, and worshippers clad themselves in skins.
In 1352 the restless man started for Central Africa, passing by the oases of the Sahara (where the houses were built of rock-salt, as Herodotus tells, and roofed with camel skins) to Timbuktu and Gogo on the Niger, a river which he calls the Nile, believing it to flow down into Egypt, an opinion maintained by some up to the date of Lander's discovery.
The goods mostly dealt in are cotton, woollen, linen and silk stuffs (35 to 38% of the whole), iron and iron wares, furs and skins, pottery, salt, corn, fish, wine and all kinds of manufactured goods.
The first wine receptacles were made of skins or hides, treated with oil or resin to niake them impervious.
In the case of red wines the skins are not removed, inasmuch as it is from the latter that the colour of the wine is derived.
In the case of red wines colouring matter is dissolved from the skins and a certain amount of mineral matter and tannin is extracted.
For this reason it is necessary that the process of collection, separation and pressing should proceed as quickly as possible at vintage time in order that the juice may not, through incipient fermentation, dissolve any of the colouring matter from the skins.
White port is made from white grapes, and a peculiarity of its manufacture is that the must is frequently fermented in the presence of the skins, which is most unusual in the case of white wines.
The native practice of conveying wine in tarred skins was deleterious to its flavour, and is now for the most part abolished.
He was the author of several works on ornithology, and presented his collections of bird skins and eggs to the British Museum.
Martens and otters are to some extent hunted for their skins.
There is still a considerable export of cattle, hides and skins, but no effort is made to develop the production of jerked beef on a large scale.
The principal exports are fruits (dried and fresh), carpets, cotton, fish, rice, gums, wool, opium, silk cocoons, skins, live animals, silks, cottons, wheat, barley, drugs and tobacco.
For administrative purposes, however, it would seem that this inconvenient material was not employed; its place being taken by skins (ut,Okpai, parchment), the use of which was adopted from the western peoples of the empire.
Where the stomach and bowels are irritable, all food likely to cause mechanical irritation should be avoided, such as skins, bones, fibres and seeds.
The best crop is the first of the season, which consists of the unimpregnated females; the later crops contain an admixture of young insects and skins, which contain proportionally little colouring matter.
The imports were raw and manufactured cotton, wool and silk, wheat and maize, coal, iron and machinery, dried codfish, sugar, rice, hides and skins, oils.
They are skilful in the preparation of lap robes and rugs from the skins of the alpaca and vicuna.
These revenues are derived from a lighting tax, leases and ground rents, cemetery fees, consumption and market taxes, licences, tolls, taxes on hides and skins, personal and various minor taxes.
Apart from numerous fermentation processes such as rotting, the soaking of skins for tanning, the preparation of indigo and of tobacco, hay, ensilage, &c., in all of which bacterial fermentations are concerned, attention may be especially directed to the following evidence of the supreme importance of Schizomycetes in agriculture and daily life.
Among the exports are coffee, cacao, dyewoods, hides, skins, and copper ores.
Hunting and fishing are resorted to, and the skins and furs are tanned.
Skins, hides and maize are also exported.
The walrus, hunted for its ivory tusks, and the sea otter, rarest and most valuable of Alaskan fur animals, are near extermination; the blue fox is now bred for its pelt on the Aleutians and the southern continental coast; the skins of the black and silver fox are extremely rare, and in general the whole fur industry is discouragingly decadent.
In the former the bow with vegetable string is the chief weapon, and clothing is woven from palm fibre; in the east spears are found, and in the Welle district swords and throwing-knives also; clothing made from skins also makes its appearance, and more attention is paid to the shades of departed ancestors.
Their skins are of considerable value in the fur trade.
They had clothing of skins rudely stitched together with bark thread, and they were decorated with simple necklaces of kangaroo teeth, shells and berries.
The chief articles of export are coffee, skins, ivory, civet, ostrich feathers, gum, pepper, kat plant (used by Moslems for its stimulating properties), gold (in small quantities) and live stock.
The trade in skins is mainly with the United States through Aden; America also takes a large proportion of the coffee exported.
Lion skins belong to the emperor, but the slayer keeps a strip to decorate his shield.
The town was founded in 1819, and in its early days was largely resorted to by Griquas and Bechuana for the sale of ivory, skins and cattle.
The many goats and sheep of Ardeche make it one of the chief sources of supply of skins for glove-making.
Goats are largely produced for their skins, and in some localities, as in Cauca, sheep are raised for their wool.
The imports include wheat flour, rice, barley, prepared foods, sugar, coal, kerosene, beer, wines and liquors, railway equipment, machinery and general hardware, fence wire, cotton and other textiles, drugs, lumber, cement, paper, &c., while the exports comprise coffee, bananas, hides and skins, tobacco, precious metals, rubber, cabinet woods, divi-divi, dye-woods, vegetable ivory, Panama hats, orchids, vanilla, &c.
The staple exports are diamonds, gold (from the Witwatersrand mines), wool, copper ore, ostrich feathers, mohair, hides and skins.
The French adventurers, bent on finding either a "North-west passage" or some land route to the Pacific (which they believed to be no farther west than the Mississippi), naturally went west by the water routes of Wisconsin; as a fine field for their bartering and trading with water-courses by which they could convey their pelts and skins back to Montreal, the region attracted the coureurs de bois and fur traders; and it seemed promising also to the zealous French Catholic missionaries.
Cheese, sardines, goats' skins and sheepskins are also exported.
It was also at one time used in dyeing and calico-printing, and for the unhairing of skins, &c.; but safer and equally efficient substitutes have been found.
Otherwise the chief articles of Constantinople's export trade consist of refuse and waste materials, sheep's wool (called Kassab bashi) and skins from the slaughter-houses (in 1903 about 3,coo,000 skins were exported, mostly to America), horns, hoofs, goat and horse hair, guts, bones, rags, bran, old iron, &c., and finally dogs' excrements, called in trade ` pure,' a Constantinople speciality, which is used in preparing leather for ladies' gloves.
The principal manufactures are in iron, leather and skins; there are glue works and fire-brick works.
There is a lively trade with St Petersburg, and the sea-borne exports, which consist chiefly of timber, flax, linseed, oats, flour, pitch, tar, skins and mats, amount in value to about 12 millions sterling annually (822% for timber), but the imports (mostly fish) are worth only about £ 200,000.
The exports include hides, skins, cotton, sugar and tobacco.
The principal items of import are cotton yarns, metals, sugar, petroleum and coal; of export, silk, representing in value 34% of the total exports, cotton, tea, rice, hides and skins, wool, wheat and beans.
The produce of the whaling and fishing industries, woollen goods, lamb skins and feathers, are the chief exports, while in Thorshavn the preserving of fish and the manufacture of carpets are carried on to some extent.
The commerce of Boulogne consists chiefly in the importation of jute, wool, woven goods of silk and wool, skins, threads, coal, timber, and iron and steel, and the exportation of wine, woven goods, table fruit, potatoes and other vegetables, skins, motor-cars, forage and cement.
The laws were publicly promulgated or rehearsed; there were councils to deal with disputes and matters of local interest; popular sports such as horse-racing, running and wrestling were held; poems and tales were recited, and prizes were awarded to the best performers of every dan or art; while at the same time foreign traders came with their wares, which they exchanged for native produce, chiefly skins, wool and frieze.
Their non-employment of skins for clothing is a marked distinction between the Malagasy and the South African races, and their use of vegetable fibres an equally strong link between them and the Polynesian peoples.
The exports consist of currants, sultanas, valonea, tobacco, olive oil, olives in brine, figs, citrons, wine, brandy, cocoons, and lamb, goat, and kid skins.
Hides, and skins, mangabeira rubber, cabinet woods, castor beans and rum are also exported.
Caravans from Sus laden with copper-ware, olive oil, butter, saffron, wax, skins, dates, dried roses, &c., are sent to Marrakesh, four days' journey from Tarudant.
Cotton, cotton-seed and grain (durra, wheat, barley) sesame, livestock, hides and skins, beeswax, mother-of-pearl, senna and gold are also exported.
The articles mentioned in the edict, which is chiefly interesting as giving their relative values at the time, include cereals, wine, oil, meat, vegetables, fruits, skins, leather, furs, foot-gear, timber, carpets, articles of dress, and the wages range from the ordinary labourer to the professional advocate.
The chief agricultural products are grain, rice, beans, cotton, opium and poppy seed, sesame, fennel, red pepper, and much of the finest tobacco grown in Europe; there is also some trade in timber, livestock, skins, furs, wool and silk cocoons.
The imports are largely cotton goods, provisions, timber and cement; the exports gum, raw cotton, ivory, sesame, durra, senna, coffee (from Abyssinia), goat skins, &c. Forty miles north of Port Sudan is Mahommed Gul, the port for the mines of Gebet, worked by an English company.
Oregon; but, owing to the persecution to which they are subjected for the sake of their valuable skins, their numbers are greatly diminishing.
Among them were fox skins, is.
In our almond bar for example, we use whole almonds, still in their skins, to intensify their flavor.
Dressed in yellow (banana skins) and carrying large inflatable bananas they added a splash of color to the annual carnival procession.
While this is doing Blanche the tomatoes in hot water so the skins start to peel.
The skins of the seals and the caribou were used for clothing and tents, while seal blubber was used for fuel and light.
Glam wigs, flares, leopard skins, feather bowers and hot pants fill the stage as the glitz production unfolds.
Because of their compatibility with the skins natural lipids the liposomes are able to penetrate deeper into the skin.
Other features include graphic equalizer, playlist and DHTML based skins.
There were also empty crab skins (called exoskeletons) that had been shed as the crabs grow.
I eschewed any sense of, well, sense and went for some potato skins to start, and simple breaded haddock to follow.
A week later the authorities returned in greater strength, and arrested MacPhee after tallow and skins were discovered hidden on his island.
Each year, hunters are licensed to shoot millions of adult kangaroos for their meat and skins.
Perhaps, notwithstanding the limited votes we polled last week, our prophetic message is getting through the hardened skins of the pro-abortion lobby.
We wear leather shoes, eat meat, drink milk, why not make use of the skins, too?
Dry enough to suck the moisture out of our skins very efficiently.
Slightly grate bitter oranges to remove the red color which covers their skins.
In addition there was a ready market overseas for United Kingdom exports of salted skins and pickled pelts.
Peta said, " Eighty-five percent of the fur industry's skins come from animals living captive on fur factory farms.
Does salt water or fresh water make onion skins more pliable?
If using plums or apricots spoon the topping around the fruit to expose the skins, for a colorful finish.
Speck are globally renowned as being the best designer and manufacturer of cases and skins for every iPod out there - no contest.
An amazing 57,000 fur seal skins were taken by an American sealer between 1800 and 1802.
Discover the Pore Refining Peel-off mask that eliminates your skins impurities and smoothes and refines the texture of your skin!
Wonton skins, sometimes called wonton wrappers, are made from a fine wheat dough that is very similar to pasta or filo pastry.
Most of the raw skins are forwarded to about half-a-dozen brokers in London, who roughly sort them in convenient lots, issuing catalogues to the traders of the world, and after due time for examination of the goods by intending purchasers, the lots are sold by public auction.
The best methods for dressing fur skins are those of a tawer or currier, the aim being to retain all the natural oil in the pelt, in order to preserve the natural colour of the fur, and to render the pelt as supple as possible.
When the fermentation has reached a certain point it is generally the custom to again tread the must in order to extract as much colour as possible from the skins.
He has filled the old skins of dogma with the new wine of love, and shown men what it is to believe, live and be free.
The hunter who told me this could remember one Sam Nutting, who used to hunt bears on Fair Haven Ledges, and exchange their skins for rum in Concord village; who told him, even, that he had seen a moose there.
In the entry there was a smell of fresh apples, and wolf and fox skins hung about.
These men, who under the leadership of the tall lad were drinking in the dramshop that morning, had brought the publican some skins from the factory and for this had had drink served them.
Discover the Pore Refining Peel-off mask that eliminates your skins impurities and smoothes and refines the texture of your skin !
Select from the list of available skins the one you wish to use.
Just 5 minutes in strong sunlight can burn people with sensitive skins.
They made slides out of banana skins and silly hats out of crisps.
The tipi is made using twelve wood poles with tule mat covers which were eventually replaced by bison skins during the late 18th century.
Cross Section to show the double skins of canvas which form eight watertight compartments.
The second experiment was to see whether putting banana skins under cabbage plants made them grow faster as the old wives tale suggests.
Animal skins and hides were the first natural material modified by man.
In a process called "tanning", mechanical and chemical treatments preserve the skins and convert them to leather.
Key limes are smaller and have thinner skins and deeper flavors than common limes.
The soft fibers also ensure that the sheets are comfortable - even for the most sensitive of skins.
These rich, earthy colors are inspired by natural elements, such as animal prints and skins, accents in fringe, bone and feather, ethnic patterns and tribal influences.
For darker skins they can bring out a rosy glow, simply apply after powder to enable the color to be more prominent on the face.
Some facial skins also change their composition with hormone changes or humidity.
More coverage is necessary for skins with multiple imperfections and wrinkles that come with age.
In addition to the sunscreen function, mineral makeup is particularly beneficial for sensitive skins with scars, acne, rosacea, wrinkles, discolorations or allergies.
Although too much makeup certainly takes away from the natural exotic beauty of ebony skins, a little enhancement will help all bring out their best appearance.
Current research has found up to thirty-nine recognized variations of color for darker skins with only ten found in white skins.
Darker skins simply can't follow the same standard colors created for white skins.
The darkest of ebony skins tends to have a strong grey or reddish undertone.
Most dark skins fall into the middle category with a medium color tone.
Colored skins that fall into the light category are mostly yellow and olive shades.
Some black skins cause makeup to oxidize, so let the foundation set for at least twenty minutes then check the colors in natural light.
Another unique factor with dark skins is the seasonal impact; some darker skinned women don't realize the impact the sun has on their skin color.
As sunlight does change the shade and undertones of many dark skins, some will need two different foundation colors, one for the summer and another for the winter (and don't forget to protect against harmful UV rays as well).
Oilier skins will need a more matte finish, while dry skins look best with a dewy shimmer foundation.
Normal skins can use something in between.
As powders typically offer a smaller selection of colors, dark skins have a harder time finding a good match.
In darker skins, much like other skintones, eyebrows can be either - bushy and dark along, or sparse and lost on the face.
The best shades of lipstick for dark skins are beige, yellow, yellowish brown and blue undertones.
As far as your face makeup, depending on your skins undertones (redness that might come out from your skin) you should try using foundations with a yellow base.
From their groundbreaking Flawless Skin foundation to the lightweight All Skins Powder, Prescriptives' collection of face makeup is filled with award-winning products that promote a healthy, fresh complexion.
Additionally, no two sensitive skins are alike - some may find minerals as irritating as fragrances.
Since backcountry skiers "earn their turns" by climbing the hills, many use special climbing skins.
Soccus were worn by comedic actors during Roman times, but the true origins of this form of footwear date back to more primitive times in which animal skins and matted animal hair were used to cover the feet.
Are ornamentation, tattooing, feathers, skins, jewelry, or even hairstyles forms of clothing?
Tattooing has been practiced in most parts of the world, although it is rare among people with darker skins, such as those of Africa, who more often practice scarification and cicatrisation.
Roast the peppers on the grill until the skins begin to darken.
These are usually not washed off before processing, which means that the chemicals still present on the skins of the grapes will now be present in the wine itself.
Finally, the company uses materials that are generally non-irritating for sensitive skins, which can be a real positive for anyone prone to itchiness, especially in the heat.
Most of the non-Nintendo covers are thin skins that really don't protect the remote, but they do come in a variety of fun colors and themes.
The store inventory is limited to skins, guitars and characters, which is pretty lame since none of them are different from any of the previous Guitar Hero games.
Decal Girl has a wide range of skins for both the Nintendo DS and DS Lite.
This sequel offers new songs, 60 skins with fresh looks, new modes, a higher score cap, and an option to create your own musical effects.
One feature that music lovers will really enjoy is that the skins are now composed of full-on music videos from a wide range of popular artists.
It's familiar, yet there are enough extras that will re-captivate your interest all over again, getting you staring at those skins for hours on end as you frantically try to form matching sets of four.
The more you play the more characters and skins you unlock.