The Straits Settlements - Singapore, Malacca and Penang - were ruled from India until 1867, when they were erected into a crown colony under the charge of the Colonial Office.
It is notable that the heavy trade with Singapore shows a tendency to decrease in favour of direct trade with Europe.
Areca-nut Island), the town and island which, after Singapore, form the most important portion of the crown colony of the Straits Settlements.
The colony of the Straits Settlements consists of the islands of Singapore, Penang and the Dindings, the territory of Province Wellesley, on the mainland opposite to Penang, the insignificant territory of the Dindings, and the town and territory of Malacca.
Penang was purchased from Kedah in 1786, and Singapore from the then sultan of Johor in 1819.
Singapore is the political, commercial and administrative headquarters of the colony of the Straits Settlements, and the governor for the time being is ex officio high commissioner of the Federated Malay States, British North Borneo, Sarawak, the Cocos-Keeling and Christmas Islands, and governor of Labuan.
Clifford, Further India (1904); Journal of the Malay Archipelago, Logan (Singapore); Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (Singapore); Weld, Maxwell, Swettenham and Clifford in the Journal of the Royal Colonial Institute (London); Clifford in the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society (London).
In 1894 the Eastern Extension Telegraph Company laid a cable from Singapore to Labuan and Hong Kong, thus duplicating the route and making it an all-British line.
After a short stay at Singapore, whence he despatched several letters to India and Europe, the ship at the end of August 1552 reached Changchuen-shan (St John Island) off the coast of Kwang-tung, which served as port and rendezvous for Europeans, not then admitted to visit the Chinese mainland.
At Singapore the range is less than 5°; and at Batavia in Java, and Galle in Ceylon, it is about the same.
At Singapore and Batavia the thermometer very rarely falls below 70°, or rises above 90°.
At the end of the Napoleonic wars Portugal had Macao and Goa, Holland Java, Sumatra and other islands, France some odds and ends in India, while England emerged with Hong Kong, Singapore, Ceylon and a free hand in India.
Some specimens of these are to be found in the Journal of the Straits Branch of the Asiatic Society (Singapore).
Taiping (Perak, 1894-1898); John Crawfurd, History of the Indian Archipelago (3 vols., Edinburgh, 1820); Grammar and Dictionary of the Malay Language (2 vols., London, 1852); A Descriptive Dictionary of the Indian Islands and Adjacent Countries (London, 1856); Journal of the Indian Archipelago (12 vols., Singapore, 1847-1862); Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 33 Nos.
(Singapore, 1878-1900); H.
van der Tuuk, Maleisch-Nederlandisch Woordenboek (Batavia, 1877-1880); Malay Dictionary (Singapore, 1903), Wilkinson.
Hevea brasiliensis was introduced to Ceylon and Singapore from seedlings raised at Kew from Brazilian seed, specially collected by Mr H.
Tame bantin are bred in Bali, near Java, and exported to Singapore.
In Europe, Australasia and one large works at Singapore it has been practically replaced by the reverberatory furnace process, first introduced into Cornwall about the year 1700.
The steaming distance from Singapore is 1520 m.
Singapore had a Journal of the Indian Archipelago from 1847 to 1859, and the Chinese Repository (1832-1851) was edited at Carton by Morrison.
It is ruled by a governor, and, along with Timor (East Indies), constitutes a bishopric, to which belong also the Portuguese Christians in Malacca and Singapore.
A line of steamers plies between New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago and Singapore.
of Sumatra, and separated from the Malay Peninsula by the Straits of Singapore.
Penang has an excellent harbour, but has suffered from its proximity to Singapore.
Two unofficial members of the legislative council of the colony, which holds its sittings in Singapore, are nominated by the governor, with the sanction of the secretary of state for the colonies, to represent Penang.
This is mainly due to the construction of the railway which runs from a point on the mainland opposite to Penang, through the Federated Malay States of Perak, Selangor and the Negri Sembilan to Malacca, and has diverted to other ports and eventually to Singapore much of the coastal traffic which formerly visited Penang.
Of the imports $57,880,889 worth came from the United Kingdom or from British possessions or protectorates; $ 2 3,937,737 worth came from foreign countries; and $3,906,241 from the Dindings, Malacca and Singapore.
Of the exports, $23,122,947 went to the United Kingdom, or to British possessions or protectorates; $37,671,033 went to foreign countries; and $2,754,238 went to the Dindings, Malacca or Singapore.
In 1805 Penang was made a separate presidency, ranking with Bombay and Madras; and when in 1826 Singapore and Malacca were incorporated with it, Penang continued to be the seat of government.
In 1829 Penang was reduced from the rank of a presidency, and eight years later the town of Singapore was made the capital of the Settlements.
See Straits Settlements Blue Book 1906 (Singapore, 1907); The Straits Directory (Singapore, 1907); Sir Frank Swettenham, British Malaya (London, 1906).
A Sukhotai inscription of about 1284 states that the dominions of King Rama Kamheng extended across the country from the Mekong to Pechaburi, and thence down the Gulf of Siam to Ligore; and the Malay annals say that the Siamese had penetrated to the extremity of the peninsula before the first Malay colony from Menangkabu founded Singapore, i.e.
Meanwhile, trade steadily increased, especially with Great Britain and the British colonies of Hong Kong and Singapore.
Various disputes between Great Britain and the Netherlands, arising chiefly out of the transfer of power in Java and the British occupation of Singapore (1819), were settled by treaty between the two powers in 1824.
A parallel case of mimicry exists at Singapore between the larva of a Noctuid moth and the common red tree-ant (Oecophylla smaragdina).
An example of the latter occurs in Singapore where the vicious red spinning-ant (Oecophylla smaragdina) is mimicked by the larva of a Noctuid moth and by spiders belonging to two distinct families, namely, Saltiicus plataleoides (Salticidae) and Amyciaea forticeps (Thomisidae), there being no reason to suppose that either the moth larva or the spiders are protected forms. Mimetic aggregations of species similar to those mentioned above have been found in other countries; but the instances cited are sufficient to show how widespread are the influences of mimicry and how profoundly it has modified the insect fauna of various parts of the world.
In the Straits Settlement the foundations of modern missionary effort were laid by the London Missionary Society pioneers who were waiting to get into China; they were succeeded by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (1856), English Presbyterians (1875), Methodist Episcopalians (1884), who have a fine Anglo-Chinese College at Singapore, and the Church of England Zenana Society (1900).
Edi is a centre of the still extensive pepper trade, carried on mainly with the Chinese at Singapore and Penang, which island faces Edi.
In 1819 he obtained the cession by purchase of the island of Singapore.
SINGAPORE (Malay, Singapura, i.e.
Singapore is the Settlements, which consists with it of Penang, Province Wellesley and the Dindings, and Malacca.
Singapore has also establishments for tinning pineapples, and a large biscuit factory.
A line of railway connects the 2 Y town of Singapore with the spot on the strait opposite to the town of Johor Bharu.
The strait which divides the island from the Dutch islands of Bintang, Rhio, &c., bears the name of the Singapore Strait.
The climate of Singapore is always humid and usually very hot.
The mean atmospheric pressure in Singapore during 1906 was 29.908 in.
The rainfall of Singapore for 1906 was 129.64 in.; the heaviest rainfall for any one month being 15.23 in.
The births registered in Singapore during 1898 numbered 3751, namely, 1960 males and 1791 females, being a ratio of 16.55 per mille.
The persons classed above under "other nationalities" are representatives of almost every Asiatic nation of importance, and of many African races, Singapore being one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world.
Administration and Trade.--As Singapore is the chief administrative most important part of the crown colony of the Straits town.
The revenue of Singapore for 1906 amounted to $5,942,661, exclusive of $26,650 received on account of land sales.
The trade of Singapore is chiefly dependent upon the position which the port occupies as the principal emporium of the Federated Malay States and of the Malayan archipelago, and as the great port of call for ships passing to and from the Far East.
The total value of the imports into Singapore in 1906 was $234,701,760, and the exports in the same year were valued at $202,210,849.
A tradition is extant to the effect that Singapore was an important trading centre in the 12th and 13th centuries, but neither Marco Polo nor Ibn Batuta, both of whom wintered in Sumatra on their way back to Europe from China, have left anything on record confirmatory of this.
See Life of Sir Stamford Raffles; Logan's Journal of the Malay Archipelago; the Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (Singapore); Sir Frank Swettenham, British Malaya (London, 1906); Blue-Book of the Straits Settlements (1906); The Straits Directory, 1908 (Singapore, 1908).
Nutmeg and mace are almost exclusively obtained from the Banda Islands, although the cultivation has been attempted with varying success in Singapore, Penang, Bengal, Reunion, Brazil, French Guiana and the West Indies.
occupation by Great Britain a brilliant future was predicted for Labuan, which it was thought would become a second Singapore.
To-day Labuan chiefly exists as a trading depot for the natives of the neighbouring coast of Borneo, who sell their produce - beeswax, edible birds-nests, camphor, gutta, trepang, &c., - to Chinese shopkeepers, who resell it in Singapore.
The Eastern Extension Telegraph Company has a central station at Labuan with cables to Singapore, HongKong and British North Borneo.
Monthly steam communication is maintained by a German firm between Labuan, Singapore and the Philippines.
The bishop of Singapore and Sarawak is also bishop of Labuan.
Among the minor exports is that of bambara or sea-slugs, which are sent to Hong-Kong and Singapore.
The discovery that Borneo produced antimony was made in 1825 by John Crawfurd, the orientalist, who learned in that year that a quantity had been brought to Singapore by a native trader as ballast.
On the rise of Singapore direct trade had been established with Sarawak and Brunei, and it became a matter of moment to British merchants that this traffic should be safe.
Sandakan is connected by telegraph with Mempakul on the west coast whence a cable runs to Labuan and so gives telegraphic communication with Singapore.
A German firm runs vessels at approximately bi-monthly intervals from Singapore to Labuan and thence to Sandakan, calling in on occasion at Jesselton and Kudat en route.
Notes issued by the principal banks in Singapore were made current in North Borneo in Igloo.
We do not know why it has developed a diffusive activity of late years, nor why it has attacked some places and consistently passed by others, such as Singapore.
belcheri extends its area of distribution from Queensland through Singapore to Japan.
The mountain sparrow (Passer montana) is abundant in Java and Singapore in a uniform equatorial climate, and also inhabits Britain and a considerable portion of northern Europe.
There is communication with Sydney by private steamer, and a steamer sails between Jaluit and Ponape to connect with the French boats for Singapore.
Centres of population in Menado are Amurang (3000), the seat of a Dutch controller, and a calling place for the steamers of the Indian Packet Company; Menado (io,000), the chief town of the residency, the principal station of the Dutch missionaries, with a fair amount of trade, but an unsafe roadstead; Tondano (12,000), near the lake and river of the same name, at an altitude of nearly 2000 ft., and one of the chief centres; Gorontalo, one of the most important towns of Celebes, carrying on direct trade with Singapore and Europe.
Singapore, for example a supposedly highly authoritarian state has an infinitely better education system for developing creative brains.
Singapore has not stopped piracy so much as confined it to its neighbors ' backyards.
My next recollection is waking up as we entered the naval base at Singapore.
The proposal by Transport for London would use a system of roadside beacons similar to that used in Singapore.
The majority had escaped in the confusion following the capitulation of Singapore.
Leaving aside such island city-states as Singapore and Hong Kong, we now equal Holland as the most densely populated country in the world.
The problem is Venezuela does not have a consulate here in Singapore.
In Singapore, their fairly strict defamation laws have been extended to cover digital defamation.
Singapore's popular hawker stalls are actually serving up a melting pot of culinary delights forged by Singapore's unique multi-cultural heritage.
detachment of the Australian army based in Singapore.
A very senior British commander on a fact-finding visit from Singapore rebuked them: " You look disgraceful.
errs when he discusses, as he recently did in Singapore, the possibility of an exit.
These account for over half Singapore's manufacturing and 60% of its non-oil exports.
He left London on 31 October, flying first-class on BOAC via Calcutta and Singapore.
It was a close-run thing tho: I defeated General Secretary Ignatius Leong from Singapore by 16 votes to 15 with one abstention.
I think the ACP countries were very badly advised to be so intransigent over the Singapore Issues.
The Harbor Even confirmed landlubbers will want to take a close look at Singapore's great harbor.
Whilst I took Nanna home, she did some maths of some sort - ordinal numbers apparently from Singapore maths 1a thinking skills.
What we haven't done is any learning to read stuff and singapore or miquon maths for a while.
We then went into the veg patch to weed and hoe and she did some Singapore maths 1A - subtracting across 10.
He was then sent to command the minesweepers based at Singapore for part of 1946.
minesweepers based at Singapore for part of 1946.
Dover to Calais then overland a tad to Singapore.
Kranji Cemetery Singapore is now the resting place for all British and Allied service men and women plus other ex patriots.
physics of organisms, by Mae-Wan Ho, World Scientific, Singapore 2 nd ed., 1998.
After he traveled to Malta in 1943, he painted the liberated Belsen concentration camp and Japanese prisoner of war camps in Singapore.
Then when her mother goes missing en route, Nikki must journey to Singapore and attempt a reconciliation.
regroup for a final attack on Singapore.
Peninsular Malaysia extends south from Thailand to the Johor Strait, within sight of the island republic of Singapore.
I maintain a website on Singapore English (including selective annotated bibliography ).
A longitudinal study of students ' academic self-concept in a streamed setting: The Singapore context.
With that we left the utter shambles of the fall of Singapore.
Singapore The most obvious design fault is the small size of the text used throughout the site.
In 1890 she became a water tank for a metal smelter that had been built on a waterless islet in Singapore harbor.
Singapore is in fact in a stronger position: it has statehood and therefore is a centralizing force for language planning and norms.
suborbital flights to be launched from the Singapore base.
superlative academic performance during their study in the Singapore Polytechnic.
With recent tie-ups in Singapore and China, plus healthy enrollment numbers, IU is a prominent international player.
There were several thousand RAF Ground personnel in the area evacuated from Singapore, but largely unarmed.
by the island and strait of Singapore, on the E.
On the other hand, the thermometer, even at Singapore on the southern coast, which is the hottest portion of the peninsula, seldom rises above 98Ã‚° in the shade, whereas the mean for the year at that place is generally below 80Ã‚°.
At Singapore the range is less than 5Ã‚°; and at Batavia in Java, and Galle in Ceylon, it is about the same.
At Singapore and Batavia the thermometer very rarely falls below 70Ã‚°, or rises above 90Ã‚°.
Singapore, where plague has several times been introduced, but never taken hold, is probably quite as dirty and insanitary as Hong-Kong, and it is pertinently remarked by the Bombay Research Committee that filth per se has but little influence, inasmuch as " there occurred in the House of Correction at Byculla, where cleanliness is brought as near to perfection as is attainable, an outbreak which exceeded in severity that in any of the filthy thaw's and tenements around."
It was anticipated that the Japanese would make a landing here to regroup for a final attack on Singapore.
I maintain a website on Singapore English (including selective annotated bibliography).
Two hundred people have already paid deposits for the £ 58,500 a head suborbital flights to be launched from the Singapore base.
The focal point of the proposed Spaceport Singapore will be suborbital spaceflights.
Of importance to the students would be their superlative academic performance during their study in the Singapore Polytechnic.
In the early 1900s, the Singapore Sling was invented, as would be expected, in Singapore.
They operate their services in the United States, several Latin American countries, most European countries, Israel, South Africa, United Arab Emirates, Australia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia and Singapore.
This analgesic compound of menthol, camphor and essential oils is manufactured in Singapore.
From New Zealand, Singapore, and Europe to South America - the questions are basically the same - how can I look more beautiful?!
This website is the property of INSEAD, which is a non-profit international education institution located in Fontainebleau, France and Singapore.
The site claims to review your registration information for scouts working in Singapore, New York, Taipei, Korea, Germany, Greece, Spain, Australia, Los Angeles, Milan, Paris, and Tokyo.
Tila Tequila and her family left their native country of Singapore for Vietnam shortly after she was born.
Wellness brand dog foods and treats, including Mother Hubbard dog biscuits, are widely available throughout North America, as well as locations in Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Hong Kong and Macau.
They began to order it from a distributor in Singapore.
Today, the Sunglass Hut chain has 1806 locations in North America, Europe, Singapore, Australia and New Zealand, and the Carribean.
Some Vodafone affiliates include M1 (Singapore), Celcom (Malaysia), China Mobile (China), and AirTel (India).
Other countries where it is illegal to operate a motor vehicle while using a mobile phone include Chile, Egypt, France, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Japan, Poland, Singapore, South Africa, Taiwan, and the United Kingdom.
Singapore Medical Journal 45, no. 10 (2004): 462-9.
An outbreak of hand-foot-mouth disease occurred in Singapore in 2000, with more than 1,000 diagnosed cases, all in children, resulting in four deaths.
There are many choices to teach math from Saxon to Singapore math, but no one package fits every child's needs.
Many homeschooling families are praising Singapore Math Curriculum, but is it for you?
Singapore Math was used in Singapore from 1981 to 2001 and brought to the United States by a couple, Jeff and Dawn Thomas, who had lived in Singapore.
Upon their return to the United States they found that there was a lack of the quality math programs that they were used to, and so they continued using the books they had brought from Singapore.
Singapore Math has a strong emphasis on problem solving skills.
While Singapore is a very advanced program. it does not have much built in review.
Some parents have found that their older children are a grade or two behind when switching to Singapore, so be sure to give your child the placement test to be sure you get the book most suited for your student.
Should you choose Singapore Math Curriculum?
The Singapore math method features a unique approach to mathematics.
This method is the same as that which is used in Singapore schools.
Why are United States parents adopting this method and requesting texts and syllabi from Singapore classrooms?
Simply because Singapore students test consistently higher in mathematics on international tests.
The Singapore method for math has found a way to make mathematical concepts extremely plain and applicable for all students, regardless of their nationality.
Herein lies one of the greatest challenges in effectively teaching young people mathematics, a challenge which the Singapore method may have overcome.
Singapore mathematics curriculae have incorporated a learning tool into their learning approach called the Model Method.
You can check out the official Singapore Math website for placement and text information.
Singapore math texts can easily be incorporated into your child's homeschooling curriculum, even if your child is otherwise using a set curriculum or homeschooling program.
It is not uncommon for a homeschooling parent to supplement or substitute her child's curriculum with more effective resources, such as the Singapore math materials.
However, since the Singapore math method has been created to actually train a child's mind regarding how math is viewed, it is probably best to use these texts as a full math program rather than as a supplementary tool.
Telenovelas air in Italy, Britain, Israel, Malaysia, Singapore, Russia, Eastern Europe, South Korea, China, Japan and the Philippines making them truly the international soap opera genre.
Many international flights will include a stopover in Singapore of several hours, which is enough time to get out and shop.
The show traveled to Singapore for their finale.
Soundpedia, based out of Singapore, is an active music site.
At Batavia in Java the fall is about 78 in.; at Singapore it is nearly 100 in.
Leaving Hampton Roads on the 18th of August 1838, it Mopped at Madeira and Rio de Janeiro; visited Tierra del Fuego, Chile, Peru, the Paumotu group of the Low Archipelago, the Samoan islands and New South Wales; from Sydney sailed into the Antarctic Ocean in December 1839 and reported the discovery of an Antarctic continent west of the Balleny islands; visited the Fiji and the Hawaiian islands in 1840, explored the west coast of the United States, including the Columbia river, San Francisco Bay and the Sacramento river, in 1841, and returned by way of the Philippine islands, the Sulu archipelago, Borneo, Singapore, Polynesia and the Cape of Good Hope, reaching New York on the 10th of June 1842.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.