Shigellosis sentence example
Shigellosis is an infection of the intestinal tract by a group of bacteria called Shigella.
Shigellosis is a well-known cause of traveler's diarrhea and illness throughout the world.
The major symptoms of shigellosis are diarrhea, abdominal cramps, fever, and severe fluid loss (dehydration).
The bacteria causing shigellosis is named after Shiga, a Japanese researcher, who discovered the organism in 1897.
Shigella is only one of several organisms that can cause dysentery, but the term bacillary dysentery is usually another name for shigellosis.Advertisement
Most deaths are in less-developed or developing countries, but even in the United States, shigellosis can be a dangerous and potentially deadly disease.
Shigellosis is often passed within families when young children are not yet toilet-trained and hand washing is poorly done.
Shigellosis is most common in children below the age of five years and occurs less often in adults over 20.
Shigellosis is one of the many causes of acute diarrhea.
Patients who have very mild cases of shigellosis may improve without any antibiotic therapy; therefore, these drugs are indicated only for treatment of moderate or severe disease, as found in the tropics.Advertisement
Shigellosis is an extremely contagious disease; good hand washing techniques (especially after toileting young children or changing diapers) and proper precautions in food handling help in avoiding the spread of infection.
Shigellosis in schools or daycare settings almost always disappears when holiday breaks occur, which severs the chain of transmission.
Parents of children suffering from shigellosis need to follow closely their healthcare provider's directions for preventing dehydration.