The wound opened again and the salt he threw into it drew a sharp response from her.
Somewhere up ahead was a sharp turn.
I felt a sharp sting as the blade cut.
It was no fun to be pulled over the sharp stones in that way; but it was better than to be bitten by the wolf.
The only thing she accomplished was cutting her hands on the sharp rocks.
At the bottom of the hill a sharp turn waited.
I cried out and my throat suddenly blazed in sharp pain.
His bite was sharp enough to make tears spring into her eyes.
She maneuvered the sharp turn and started up the hill.
What would it be like to run her hands over Darkyn's lean frame the way she had Gabriel's, to feel his sharp teeth nip the delicate skin of her inner thighs and breasts?
He threw her a sharp look over his shoulder.
"I know you're jealous, but this is disgusting," he said in a low voice so sharp she jumped.
His sharp gaze took her in.
Everyone smiled and chatted with a level of exhilaration as sharp as the mountain air.
At five o'clock sharp, Adrienne left the hospital.
The old man's sharp eyes were fixed straight on his son's.
Judging from the sharp rocks, they must be in the lava field.
With those about him, from his daughter to his serfs, the prince was sharp and invariably exacting, so that without being a hardhearted man he inspired such fear and respect as few hardhearted men would have aroused.
A sharp pain shot through her ankle and a cry escaped her lips as she dropped back to the ground.
You have picked out a suit, a sharp grey one with barely detectable pinstripes.
Dusty slammed the door behind him and entered the living room, his sharp gaze taking in every dark corner before he sat.
His sharp tone made her jump.
Next minute there was a roar and a sharp crash, and at her side Dorothy saw the ground open in a wide crack and then come together again.
A meadowlark pierced the silence with its sharp whistling song.
He maneuvered the car around the sharp turn.
I told you she was a sharp cookie!
"No, you're not dead," Daniela answered with a sharp look at Rhyn.
She's a sharp little kid.
They were the kind of fangs a man fantasized about, not too large to cause damage but sharp enough to offer an exquisite combination of pleasure and pain if she nipped him.
Sheathing his dagger, he issued a sharp order to the girl.
Deidre drank more of the brandy, until it stopped burning her throat, and the world grew a little less sharp around the edges.
She turned, surprised to see the middle-aged woman in grey robes and sharp brown eyes.
"Enough," Andre said with a sharp look at both of them.
"I'll give you a hundwed sharp lashes--that'll teach you to play the fool!" said Denisov severely.
His command was so sharp she jumped.
It was hard, smooth sand, very different from the loose, sharp sand, mingled with kelp and shells, at Brewster.
Adrienne expected a sharp response from Mr. Marsh, but he only regarded his wife thoughtfully for a few moments.
His blue eyes were sharp, his jaw clenched.
Dusty joined him, drawing a sharp breath at the sight.
One was of medium height and slender, an older man with sharp green eyes the color of forest moss who seemed out of place in the middle of the room.
While the autopsy questioned the day-old curious knife wound in his backside, it was assumed he'd stupidly sat on a very sharp object.
At his sharp tone, she quickly changed the subject, saying, "After the meeting, I have to go."
Look sharp! several voices repeated around him.
You haven't many teeth left, Jim, but the few you have are sharp enough to make me shudder.
She nestled herself comfortably in Dorothy's lap until the kitten gave a snarl of jealous anger and leaped up with a sharp claw fiercely bared to strike Billina a blow.
Denisov, dissatisfied with the government on account of his own disappointments in the service, heard with pleasure of the things done in Petersburg which seemed to him stupid, and made forcible and sharp comments on what Pierre told them.
The sharp curve arrived before her memory of it.
Once she was comfortable with us she opened up, displaying a sharp and inquisitive mind.
The baby monitor crackled to life with a sharp cry.
I'm sure Brennen was confused by my sharp response and background noise but once girls and dog had left we settled down to business.
Before she could tell him she'd changed her mind, sharp pain penetrated her neck.
Range after range of mountains began with a mixture of sharp green that gradually faded until the last range was wrapped in the haze of distance.
Her heart leapt, and she stood, halfway to him before his sharp look reminded her he wasn't someone she wanted to approach.
He must be sharp to get that Cleveland hospital connection.
"What do you know about that?" he asked in a sharp tone.
She closed her eyes and pushed herself up, her breath catching at the sharp pain in her ribs.
Keep a sharp eye out.
She drew a sharp breath but forced herself to stay, to take his pain.
Wynn was relaxed, sharp gaze on some point in the distance as he sipped his wine.
Instead, he drew a leathern case from his pocket and took from it several sharp knives, which he joined together, one after another, until they made a long sword.
They had fierce eyes and sharp talons and beaks, and the children hoped none of them would venture into the cavern.
(Here Eureka bared her sharp claws and scratched at the bars of the cage.)
The day was bright and sunny after a sharp night frost, and the cheerful glitter of that autumn day was in keeping with the news of victory which was conveyed, not only by the tales of those who had taken part in it, but also by the joyful expression on the faces of soldiers, officers, generals, and adjutants, as they passed Rostov going or coming.
The man gave him a sharp look.
Dustin assessed her in silence for a few seconds, and she had the feeling his sharp gaze missed nothing.
"Does Gabe …" Her sharp intake of breath stopped him.
She screamed, not expecting the level of sharp pain.
The response was sharp.
She looked up, shocked to see Sasha standing over them, his sharp gaze on the creature preparing itself for a second attack.
He drew near but stopped just out of arms. reach, alerted by her sharp tone.
"And kill him," Erik added, earning a sharp look.
Jade drew a sharp breath.
Romas's response was abrupt and sharp enough to be hostile.
A sharp word from Romas, and the two boys looked suddenly abashed.
The command was sharp.
He gave her a sharp look.
Gustavus's outward appearance in the prime of life is thus described by a contemporary: "He was of the middle height, with a round head, light yellow hair, a fine long beard, sharp eyes, a ruddy countenance ...
It is wonderful how rapidly yet perfectly the sand organizes itself as it flows, using the best material its mass affords to form the sharp edges of its channel.
This was an old bachelor, Shinshin, a cousin of the countess', a man with "a sharp tongue" as they said in Moscow society.
"Sire, I ask your permission to present the Legion of Honor to the bravest of your soldiers," said a sharp, precise voice, articulating every letter.
It was frosty and the air was sharp, but toward evening the sky became overcast and it began to thaw.
I couldn't hold them in, my hands grew numb in the sharp frost so that I threw down the reins--'Catch hold yourself, your excellency!' says I, and I just tumbled on the bottom of the sleigh and sprawled there.
He alone of all the Russians has disgraced the Russian name, he has caused Moscow to perish, said Rostopchin in a sharp, even voice, but suddenly he glanced down at Vereshchagin who continued to stand in the same submissive attitude.
Moreover, just as Pierre was speaking a sharp rattle of drums was suddenly heard from both sides.
The shed became semidark, and the sharp rattle of the drums on two sides drowned the sick man's groans.
She's got a sharp tongue, but she could make shoe soles taste like fine steak.
She sucked in a sharp breath, at once confused and thrilled.
Dustin was lean and handsome with clear, cool blue eyes and sharp, angular features.
He began first a short ascent, then a drop to a sharp curve he nearly missed, causing him to reduce his speed further.
"I refuse to be free," cried the kitten, in a sharp voice, "unless the Wizard can do his trick with eight piglets.
At Lexington, not far from Concord, there was a sharp fight in which several men were killed.
"Well, what is it?" came a sharp, unpleasant voice.
An adjutant accompanied by a Cossack passed by at a sharp trot.
His voice was sharp.
Allen's voice was high and sharp.
He listened for a minute and then his tone was sharp.
His tone was sharp.
The Black God's gaze turned sharp.
"You have no fear," Jonny said, his sharp gaze on the retreating vamp.
His eyes were cold and sharp.
"Yes, really," the smaller woman said in a sharp enough tone to draw Hannah's attention.
The youth showed her how to stand and hold the weapon while the eldest watched with a sharp eye.
"He did not feel the signs," Ne'Rin said with another sharp look.
His single word was sharp enough to make her jerk.
She looked at Mansr, whose sharp gaze took in her features.
A sharp ring from the hall telephone interrupted him.
Cynthia gave him a quick look but Effie seemed unaffected by his sharp but true criticism.
"Most men are," Cynthia answered, in an unusually sharp tone, and then added, "present company excepted.
As he was finishing his conversation, a loud sound came from the kitchen, followed by a sharp cry in a man's voice, and then laughter.
"You'll have to let me stay now," she said in a sharp whisper.
He heard her sharp intake of breath and crooned, "I'm thinking we might have a different kind of fun together."
With her sharp hearing, she could make out the piano, but Connor heard nothing.
As he opened the door and she caught a glimpse of the music room, he heard her sharp intake of breath.
He caught her sharp intake of breath and gave her a rakish smile as she blushed.
On the second ring, something sharp pierced the back of her neck and everything went black.
At Carmen's sharp look, she shrugged.
Her voice was sharp enough to parry his verbal onslaught.
The masculine voice was sharp and commanding.
Her voice was as crisp as the morning air and twice as sharp.
The sharp command brought the dog up short.
Blue eyes were sharp and his handsome façade calm.
The gray-haired man had an olive complexion and sharp blue eyes that swept over all of them.
His face was pale and clammy, his wit sharp but his eyes glazed.
After a sharp drop, their tumble slowed suddenly.
The nurse raised an eyebrow but didn't jump at his sharp tone.
A few minutes later, the soldier reappeared with a tall man with a sharp gaze and quick smile.
Kris drew a sharp breath, unaware that the deity could enter his dreams.
"No. I don't expect to. I should've sent someone after her, but … " Gabe met Rhyn's gaze and managed a smile. The half-demon's sharp silver gaze missed nothing, even how unhappy Gabe really was.
The whole team was pretty sharp, but he was far and away the standout.
Fred O'Connor had a sharp mind and a sharp tongue to match it.
But his play was as sharp as usual as he handled a hard ground ball to his left, cleanly gunning the runner out by three steps.
No wonder you sharp lawyers charge so much.
It had been stolen, so the police had no way of putting out a call for Nota and his friend unless someone in the neighborhood had sharp eyes.
Pain shot up Dean's arm, hot and sharp, but he had no time to think about it as the man's partner jumped from the bar and dashed toward him.
Then his front wheel twisted violently and he knew the tire had blown a second before he hit the sand at the shoulder and felt himself twisting and rolling in the grass and sharp rocks at the edge of the roadside.
He nodded, his gaze becoming sharp.
The terrain was rough, covered with brush choked ravines and sharp granite bluffs.
A sharp pain ripped through her body and she gasped.
Warmth shot up her neck with a sharp pain.
There was anger in his sharp voice this time, and his golden eyes flashed.
Tears rose with the sharp, hot pain, and Jenn looked down.
Rissa's sharp glance found him twice, as if to ensure he continued to follow them.
Finally, he landed a sharp blow to his horse's rump and made the beast dart in the direction he wanted.
The demon rushed to heal the gouging wound in her leg from the sharp stone she'd landed on.
Taran's sharp gaze fell to Hilden, who was frowning.
"He doesn't question the way I run the house or argue with me about my animals …" Katie pulled her head out of the refrigerator, her sharp gaze falling on Carmen.
She choked down a sharp response and met his gaze.
She lifted a stack of papers and straightened them with a sharp rap on her mahogany desktop, deliberately ignoring his empty invitation.
Don't forget - seven, sharp.
His sharp words pierced her thin armor and she gasped.
The road began to widen and after a sharp bend she came into the tiny town indicated on the map.
A sharp pain brought her out of the chair with a cry of alarm.
An occasional sharp high bark soon revealed the source as a little gray squirrel.
Among other tools, they found one that looked like a hockey puck with a sharp blade.
The rocks were deceptively sharp and the coldness of the water increased the sensitivity of the soles of her feet.
She slapped water at it, and screamed again when she felt a sharp pain in her hand.
With a sharp cry, she scrambled to the kitchen and dived under the table.
She ran to the kitchen and searched for a something sharp, settling for a rusty old butcher knife.
The sharp masculine voice cut their game short.
Denton's head jerked back and hit the wall with a sharp crack.
Then memory flooded back with a sharp pain.
Gerry knew his place, though his gaze was sharp right now.
I shouldn't be here reminding you, he said in a sharp voice.
Dusty's sharp order made the Oracle jump.
His pinkie nail grew to a sharp point, and he sliced his inner arm near the wrist.
She sucked in a sharp breath, wondering if Jule really was able to read her mind after telling her he couldn't.
She wore headgear and boxing gloves and faced off against a man with the chiseled features of a Greek god, blond hair and sharp blue eyes.
Sharp, sweet and innocent.
The pang of worry that hit her was so sharp, she gasped.
He didn't like seeing her vulnerable like this; he wanted to hear her sharp tongue and watch her face turn pink when he looked at her too long or provoked her.
Bearing this in mind, one can readily imagine how close together the equipotential surfaces must lie near the summit of a high sharp mountain peak.
Then if the prism P4 is cemented to P3, a sharp image of such lines of the solar spectrograph as are visible in the field of view will be seen in the eyepiece.
In its application it falls into sharp division in the hands of German and French poets.
after a sharp fight near Louvain.
In sharp contrast to the surrounding plains the climate is subhumid, especially in the higher Harney region.
presence of from four to five sharp cusps or tubercles on the crown of the molars.
Fore feet with two or three of the middle toes of nearly equal size, and provided with strong, sharp, slightly curved claws, the other toes rudimentary.
Fore feet with the functional toes reduced to two, the second and third, of equal length, with closely united metacarpals and short, sharp, slightly curved, compressed claws.
As a sub-order, the Paucituberculata are characterized by the presence of four pairs of upper and three of lower incisor teeth; the enlargement and forward inclination of the first pair of lower incisors, and the presence of four or five sharp cusps on the cheek-teeth, coupled with the absence of "syndactylism" in the hind limbs.
On the other hand, the considerably smaller Nototherium, characterized by its sharp and broad skull and smaller incisors, seems to have been much more wombat-like, and may perhaps have possessed similar burrowing habits.
Hind-feet rather long and slender, with a well-developed opposable and nailless first toe;: second and third digits united, with sharp, compressed curved claws; the fourth and fifth free, with small flat nails.
3; the incisors being sharp and cutting, o, 3, 3 and those of the lower jaw frequently having a scissor-like action against one another.
During the wet season frequent and heavy Australia rains fall, and thunderstorms, with sharp showers, occur in the summer, especially on the north-west coast, which is sometimes visited by hurricanes of great violence.
For five years these high wages ruled; but in 1886 there was a sharp fall, though wages still remained very good.
It has a sharp burning taste, and is very poisonous.
his stature was of a good size; his sword stuck close to his side; his countenance swollen and reddish; his voice sharp and untunable and his eloquence full of fervour.
Take heed of being sharp. ..
In the earlier forms of instrument the record was made by embossing lines on a ribbon of paper by means of a sharp style fixed to one end of a lever, which carried at the other end the armature of an electromagnet.
In Squier and Crehore's " Synchronograph " system " sine waves of current, instead of sharp " makes and breaks," or sharp reversals, are employed for transmitting signals, the waves being produced by an alternating-current dynamo, and regulated by means of a perforated paper ribbon, as in the Wheatstone automatic system.
been found under certain conditions to give better results than those obtained with sharp reversals.
Thomson (Lord Kelvin) observed in 1863 3 that when a condenser is charged or discharged, a sharp click is heard, and a similar observation was made by Cromwell F.
When the vision disappeared Francis felt sharp pains mingling with the delights.
The lid is especially attractive to insects from its bright colour and honey secretion; three wings lead up to the mouth of the pitcher, on the inside of which a row of sharp spines points downwards, and below this a circular ridge (r, fig.
The attempt failed and its author was caught and executed, but while t appeared at first to destroy Napoleons Italian sympathies and led to a sharp interchange of notes between Paris and Turin, the emperor was really impressed by the attempt and by Orsinis letter from prison exhorting him to intervene in Italy.
Hence there are tendencies even in Plato to build up the ideal world in sharp contrast to the actual world - to the half interpenetrated or half tamed world of matter.
In massive colonies of this kind no sharp distinction can be drawn between hydrorhiza and hydro-, .
They are of middle height and dark complexion, with generally straight nose, small round skull, small sharp chin and large full eyes, which are expressive, however, rather of cunning than intelligence.
The sharp, broken end penetrates the skin, and into the slight wound thus formed the formic acid contained by the hair is injected.
The limit of each years increment of secondary wood, in those plants whose yearly activity is interrupted by a regular winter or dry season, is marked by a more or less distinct line, which is produced by the sharp contrast between the wood formed in the late summer of one year (characterized by the sparseness or small diameter of the tracheal elements, or by the preponderance of fibres, or by a combination of these characters, giving a denseness to the wood) and the loose spring wood of the next year, with its absence of fibres, or its numerous large tracheae.
Spotted Leaves, &c.Discoloured spots or patches on leaves and other herbaceous parts are common symptoms of disease, and often furnish clues to identification of causes, though it must be remembered that no sharp line divides this class of symptoms from the preceding.
No sharp line can be drawn between these diseases and some of the preceding, inasmuch as it often depends on the external conditions whether necrosis is a dry-rot, in the sense I employ the term here, or a wet-rot, when it would come under the preceding category.
Physical FactorsThese are frequently classified as edaphic or soil factors and climatic factors; but there is no sharp line of demarcation between them.
Here again, no sharp boundary-line can be drawn.
Warming admits there is no sharp limit between nI
tere is no sharp limit between some of his helophytes and some of, s hydrophytes.
The direct geographical elements are the arrangement of land and sea (continents and islands standing in sharp contrast) and the vertical relief of the globe, which interposes barriers of a less absolute kind between portions of the same land area or oceanic depression.
A good deal of the seaboard is dangerous by reason of the sharp rocks which lie near the surface.
Sharp to indicate a stage in the life-history of an insect between two successive castings of the cuticle.
Sharp, and the comparison of the species found with those of the nearest continental land, furnish the student of geographical distribution with many valuable and suggestive facts.
Many beetles make a hissing or chirping sound by rubbing a "scraper," formed by a sharp edge or prominence on some part of their exoskeleton, over a "file" formed by a number of fine ridges situate on an adjacent region.
Sharp; in the stag-beetle larva a series of short tubercles on the hind-leg is drawn across the serrate edge of a plate on the haunch of the intermediate legs, while in the Passalid grub the modified tip of the hind-leg acts as a scraper, being so shortened that it is useless for locomotion, but highly specialized for producing sound.
Ganglbauer (1892) divides the whole order into two sub-orders only, the Caraboidea (the Adephaga of Sharp and the older writers) and the Cantharidoidea (including all other beetles), since the larvae of Caraboidea have five-segmented, two-clawed legs, while those of all other beetles have legs with four segments and a single claw.
Lameere (1900) has suggested three sub-orders, the Cantharidif ormia (including the Phytophaga, the Heteromera, the Rhynchophora and most of the Polymorpha of Sharp's classification), the Staphyliniformia (including the rove-beetles, carrion-beetles and a few allied' amilies of Sharp's Polymorpha), and the Carabidiformia (Adephaga).
habit, their sharp toothed FIG.
The Lymexylonidae, a small family of this group, characterized by its slender, undifferentiated feelers and feet, is believed by Lameere to comprise the most primitive of all living beetles, and Sharp lays stress on the undeveloped structure of the tribe generally.
According to Sharp, all Dermestid larvae probably feed on dried animal matters; he mentions one species that can find sufficient food in the horsehair of furniture, and another that eats the dried insect-skins hanging in old cobwebs.
The larva pierces the vessels of the plant with sharp processes at the hinder end of its body.
MacLeay (Annulosa Javanica, London, 1825); the general works of Westwood and Sharp, mentioned above; M.
To appreciate the significance of the doctrines of Heraclitus, it must be borne in mind that to Greek philosophy the sharp distinction between subject and object which pervades modern thought was foreign, a consideration which suggests the conclusion that, while it is a great mistake to reckon Heraclitus with the materialistic cosmologists of the Ionic schools, it is, on the other hand, going too far to treat his theory, with Hegel and Lassalle, as one of pure Panlogism.
Sometimes, however, a sharp incline occurring on an otherwise easy line is not reckoned as the ruling gradient, trains heavier than could be drawn up it by a single engine being helped by an assistant or " bank " engine; sometimes also " momentum " or " velocity " grades, steeper than the ruling gradient, are permitted for short distances in cases where a train can approach at full speed and thus surmount them by the aid of its momentum.
or rather less than 6 chains; the former is reckoned easy, the latter very sharp, at least for main lines on the standard gauge.
Its form is approximately that of an isosceles triangle, with the sharp angle extending into Lower California, W.
Of this we have an interesting example in the vivid episode that preceded the battle of Ramoth-Gilead described in 1 Kings xxii., when Micaiah appears as the true prophet of Yahweh, who in his rare independence stands in sharp contrast with the conventional court prophets, who prophesied then, as their descendants prophesied more than two centuries later, smooth things.
Another element in this ideal scheme which comes into prominence is the sharp distinction between holy and profane.
One of his specially noteworthy performances was the settlement of the terms of peace after the defeat of the league of Schmalkalden at Miihlberg in 1547, a settlement in which, to say the least, some particularly sharp practice was exhibited.
in diameter, sessile, and generally in pairs, and are made up of large angular scales, slightly convex exteriorly, and with a sharp point in the centre.
The town presents a picturesque appearance from the Nile, which at this point makes a sharp bend.
The expression has meanwhile changed: the face is pale or livid; there are dark rings under the eyes; the features are pinched and sharp, and the whole skin shrunken; the fingers are dead white, the nails blue.
The two factors are inseparable, for in ancient times no sharp dividing-line was drawn between religious and civic duties: righteousness and equity, religious duty and national custom were one.
It would certainly be unwise to draw a sharp boundary line between the two districts; kings of Judah could be tempted to restore the kingdom of their traditional founder, or Assyria might be complaisant towards a faithful Judaean vassal.
Many of the neighbouring mountain ridges have uniform crests, but a greater number terminate in numerous peaks, some sharp, rugged and rocky, but more of them rounded domes.
In many of those ants whose third abdominal segment forms a second " node," the basal dorsal region of the fourth segment is traversed by a large number of very fine transverse striations; over these the sharp hinder edge of the third segment can be scraped to and fro, and the result is a stridulating organ which gives rise to a note of very high pitch.
Sharp to hold the maggots between their mandibles and induce them to spin together the leaves of trees from which they form their shelters, as the adult ants have no silk-producing organs.
Sharp's general account of ants in the Cambridge Nat.
Aridity has favoured the production of spines as a defence from external attack, sharp thorns are frequent, and asperities of various sorts predominate.
Nevertheless, Reid's insistence on judgment as the unit of knowledge and his sharp distinction between sensation and perception must still be recognized as of the highest importance.
Moreover, the study of the theory of rent has had a very great influence on all branches of economics by destroying the notion that it is possible to draw sharp lines of distinction, or deal with economic conceptions as though they were entirely independent categories.
The slender, sharp, slightly curved leaves are scattered thickly around the shoots; the upper one pressed towards the stem, and the lower directed sideways, so as to give a somewhat flattened appearance to the individual sprays.
The beginnings of this rupture, as well as a sharp affray between his volunteers and the townsfolk of Ajaccio, may have quickened Bonaparte's resolve to return to France in May 1792, but there were also personal and family reasons for this step. Having again exceeded his time of furlough, he was liable to the severe penalties attaching to a deserter and an émigré but he saw that the circumstances of the time would help to enforce the appeal for reinstatement which he resolved to make at Paris.
For the present he experienced a sharp rebuff of fortune, which he met with his usual fortitude.
In order to understand the sharp swing of the political pendulum back from republicanism to autocracy which took place at Brumaire, it is needful to remember that the virtual failure of the Egyptian Expedition was then unknown.
Lack of central control over the virtually independent communes (over forty thousand in number) led to a sharp rebound under the Convention, when all matters of importance were disposed of by commissioners appointed by that body.
The opposition in the Tribunate was sharp, but was paralysed by the knowledge of the fact just named and by the lack of a free press.
During the course of a tour in Italy in December 1807 he gave a sharp turn to that world-compelling screw, the Continental System.
Shortly before starting for the Russian expedition Napoleon vainly tried to reassure the merchants and financiers of France then face to face with a sharp financial crisis.
About institutions we have less certain knowledge, there being but little evidence for the earlier periods; but in the documents relating to religion, the most significant of all, it can at least be said that there is no trace of sharp change.
Sharp (1898), the marked divergence among the Hexapoda, as regards life-history, is between insects whose wings develop outside the cuticle (Exopterygota) and those whose wings develop inside the cuticle (Endopterygota), becoming visible only when the casting of the last larval cuticle reveals the pupa.
Sharp, is unlikely to be superseded by the result of any researches into minute imaginal structure.
Sharp's proposed association of the parasitic wingless insects in a group Anapterygota cannot, however, be defended as natural; and recent researches into the structure of these forms enables us to associate them confidently with related winged orders.
The classification here adopted is based on Sharp's scheme, with the addition of suggestions from some of the most recent authors - especially Bdrner and Enderlein.
Sharp, Cambridge Natural History, vols.
Sharp (Proc. Inter.
Dugmore who have done much remarkable work in bird photography; Dallas Lore Sharp, Bradford Torrey, E.
Demons, when they are regarded as spirits, may belong to either of the classes of spirits recognized by primitive animism; that is to say, they may be human, or non-human, separable souls, or discarnate spirits which have never inhabited a body; a sharp distinction is often drawn between these two classes, notably by the Melanesians, the West Africans and others; the Arab jinn, for example, are not reducible to modified human souls; at the same time these classes are frequently conceived as producing identical results, e.g.
The finest residence streets are in the Back Bay, which is laid out, in sharp contrast with the older quarters, in a regular, rectangular arrangement.
The bite, for example, of large species of the family Aviculariidae, sometimes called Mygales, and sometimes, but erroneously, known as tarantulas, species which have fangs half an inch long and as sharp as needles and a considerable quantity of poison, may be very painful, though seldom serious provided the health of the patient be good.
Others again, like Gasteracantha and Acrosoma, belonging to the Argyopidae, are armed with sharp and strong abdominal spines, and these spiders are hard-shelled like beetles and are spotted with black on a reddish or yellow ground, their spines shining with steel-blue lustre.
Sharp on the Dyticidae and other families of Coleoptera of the whole world.
The most effective tool against the weeds is a broad sharp " sweep," as it is called, which takes everything it meets, while going shallower than most ploughs.
Their principal use is to give a sharp jar to the drill on the upstroke so that the bit is dislodged if it has become jammed in the rock.
process of gulleting, into a series of sharp teeth, which are set in and out alternately.
It became a convention of diplomacy, designed to cover any particularly sharp piece of policy which needed some excuse; and the treaty of Granada, formed between Louis XII.
This gable is tilted eastwards, and its two long slopes are defined by bordering mountain chains which run across its medial ridge; the main Syrian streams are those which follow those slopes between the 'chains, thus running either north or south for most of their courses, and only finding their way to the western sea by making sharp elbows at the last.
8) is graduated into equal divisions, and the weight is provided with a sharp tongue of metal in order that its position on the shelf may be accurately determined.
Where Javanese is the principal language, Malay is sometimes found written with Javanese characters; and in Palembang, in the Menangkabo country of Middle Sumatra, the Rechang or Renchong characters are in general use, so called from the sharp and pointed knife with which they are cut on the smooth side of bamboo staves.
Soaps are also prepared in which large proportions of fine sharp sand, or of powdered pumice, are incorporated, and these substances, by their abrading action, powerfully assist the detergent influence of the soap on hands much begrimed by manufacturing operations.'
4 a moaning noise or the sharp twang of a harp-string.
Only a small force was left to guard the Chattanooga railway, and the Union forces, Howard on the right, Thomas in the centre, and Schofield on the left, reached the railway after some sharp fighting (action of Jonesboro', September 1).
The Eskimo dog has small, upright ears, a straight bushy tail, moderately sharp muzzle and rough coat.
The larger variety of the race has a sharp muzzle, upright pointed ears, and a bushy tail generally carried over the back.
There is not now the sharp distinction which formerly existed between Friends and other non-sacerdotal evangelical bodies; these have, in theory at least, largely accepted the spiritual message of Quakerism.
Termites rear sharp pointed " hills," often over 20 ft.
A committee was formed on the 22nd of May 1787 for the abolition of the slave trade, under the presidency of Granville Sharp. It is unquestionable that the principal motive power which originated and sustained their efforts was Christian principle and feeling.
The strips (inae, philyrae), which were cut with a sharp knife or some such instrument, were laid on a board side by side to the required width, thus forming a layer (scheda), across which another layer of shorter strips was laid at right angles.
John Sharp, 1691-1714.
Hedenbergite, or calcium iron pyroxene, is a black mineral closely allied to diopside and, owing to the isomorphous replacement of iron by magnesium, there is no sharp line of division between them.
Finally, we have the family Rhinocerotidae, which includes the existing representatives of the group. In this family the dentition has undergone considerable reduction, and may be represented inclusive of all the variations, by the formula i a or a m a The first upper incisor, whenpresent, has an 430r2; PP antero-posteriorly elongated crown, but the second is small; when fully developed, the lower canine is a large forwardly directed tusk-like tooth with sharp cutting-edges, and biting against the first upper incisor.
It will be seen that from the biological standpoint there fall under the stricter definition those hereditary modes of behaviour which are analogous to hereditary forms of structure; and that a sharp line of distinction is drawn between the behaviour which is thus rendered definite through heredity, and the behaviour the distinguishing characteristics of which are acquired in the course of individual life.
Their monotheism remains Semitic - even in their conception of the cosmogonic and illuminating function of Wisdom they regard God as standing outside the world of physical nature and man, and do not grasp or accept the idea of the identity of the human and the divine; there is thus a sharp distinction between their general theistic position and that of Greek philosophy.
The tone of the demand offended Bayezid, who rejected it in terms equally sharp. As a result Timur's countless hordes attacked and took Sivas, plundering the town and massacring its inhabitants.
in twelve days including two sharp rearguard actions, Bernadotte with his fresh troops having fallen behind.
corps, and not having as yet completed his concentration, retreated in the night to Bartenstein, and the following day turned sharp to right towards Schippenbeil.
Actually the frost came later than usual that year, the 27th of October, and the weather was dry and bracing; not till the 8th of November did the cold at night become sharp. Even when the Beresina was reached on the 26th November, the cold was far from severe, for the slow and sluggish stream was not frozen over, as is proved by the fact that Eble's pioneers worked in the water all through that terrible day.
Smaller vessels they were able to beat off and so, in spite of the activity of the British cruisers and of many sharp encounters, the concentration was effected at Boulogne, where an army of 130,000 was encamped and was incessantly practised in embarking and disembarking.
This iron seems, however, in several respects to be unlike the celebrated large nodules of iron found by Nordenskiold at Ovifak, but appears to resemble much more closely the softer kind of iron nodules found by Steenstrup in the basalt;' it stands exposure to the air equally well, and has similar Widmannstaten figures very sharp, as is to be expected in such a large mass.
Pettersson further deduces sharp extremes of climate and great temperature contrasts.
At Aldea de Ponte there was a further sharp engagement (Sept.
Thin splinters and the sharp edges of fragments are transparent.
sharp contrast with the difficulty experienced in the case of non-electrolytes.
The cakes when completed are, in order to remove them from the mould, slit open with a sharp knife, which is kept wet, and are hung up to dry.
In the industrial working of indiarubber, the various impurities present in the crude " wild rubber (bark, dirt and the principal impurities derived from the latex, except resin) are removed by the following process: The lumps of crude caoutchouc are first softened by the prolonged action of hot water, and then cut into slices by means of a sharp knife - generally by hand, as thus any large stones or other foreign substances can be removed.
The blocks are cut into thin sheets by means of a sharp knife, which is caused to move to and fro about two thousand times per minute, the knife being kept moistened with water, and the block fed up to it by mechanical means.
In dressing mica the "books" are split along the cleavage into sheets of the required thickness, and the sheets trimmed into rectangles with a sharp knife, shears or guillotine, stained and damaged portions being rejected.
The effect of these is beautifully illustrated by a model consisting of a number of little compass needles pivoted on sharp points and grouped near to one another upon a board, which is placed inside a large magnetizing coil.
Ventral view with the prosomatic appendages cut short excepting the chelicerae (I) whose sharp retroverts are seen.
Sharp discussions and angry words passed between the Brazilian and Portuguese deputies, the news of which excited great discontent in Brazil.
An incident which marked the beginning of this rebellion brought the Natal ministry into sharp conflict with the Imperial government (the Campbell-Bannerman administration).
They exhibit an intense blue colour when in the liquid condition or dissolved in alkali and possess a very sharp smell.
From the general formula (2), if A be the area of aperture, 102 = A2 / x2 f (7) The formation of a sharp image of the radiant point requires that the illumination become insignificant when, n attain small values, and this insignificance can only arise as a consequence of discrepancies of phase among the secondary waves from various parts of the aperture.
By varying the distance the point is easily found at which resolution ceases; and the observation is as sharp as with a telescope.
De la Rey operated in the western Transvaal, and in concert with Beyers, whose presence in this region was not known to the British, he inflicted a sharp reverse on General R.
Much of this region is covered with gamelote, a tall, worthless, grass with sharp stiff blades.
In 1759, when captain of the "Vestal" (32), he captured the French "Bellona" (32) after a sharp action.
candaei, as beginning "with a sharp note not unlike the crack of a whip," which is "followed by a rattling sound not unlike the call of a landrail"; and it is a similar habit that has obtained for another species, M.
army and army of the Elbe came in contact with the Austrians at Hiihnerwasser and Podol and drove the latter back after a sharp engagement, but, having no cavalry, could neither observe their subsequent proceedings nor estimate their strength.
Flies, outnumbered by two to one, sustained a sharp reverse before the other columns closed in.
- Symmetrical gangrene of toes (3 months' duration), showing the sharp " line rof demarcation " between the mummified toes and the more healthy tissue.
Note the sharp line of demarcation between the growth and the tissue in which it is growing.
The Imperialists were!driven from Cremona after a sharp struggle, but captured Marshal Villeroi, the French commander.
The Syracusans' work was destroyed by a prompt and well-executed attack; and a second counter-work carried across marshy ground some distance to the south of Epipolae and near to the Great Harbour was also demolished after a sharp action, in which Lamachus fell, an irretrievable loss.
Frederick, though his love of teasing for teasing's sake has been exaggerated by Macaulay, was a martinet of the first water, had a sharp though one-sided idea of justice, and had not the slightest intention of allowing Voltaire to insult or to tyrannize over his other guests and servants.
After a sharp campaign Britain.
A quartz vein or bed of hard rock may show itself as a sharp ridge or as a well-defined bench; a stratum of soft rock or the line of a great fissure, or the weakening of the strata by an anticlinal fold, may produce a ravine or a deep valley.
Sharp curves should be avoided, especially for mechanical haulage.
An onset was made upon some of the Turkish trenches in the Helles area, which led to sharp fighting; the object was to prevent the Turks transferring troops northwards, and it probably served its purpose; apart from that, little was accomplished although the affray went on intermittently for a week.
The design is traced on the wood with charcoal, gouged out in the rough, and finished with sharp fine tools, using the mallet for every stroke.
In the " sandblast " process the surface of the glass is exposed to a stream of sharp sand driven by compressed air.
The glass is first dipped in this protective liquid, and when the paint has set the pattern is scratched through it with a sharp point.
For this reason every piece of pressed glass-ware, as soon as it is liberated from the mould, is exposed to a sharp heat in a small subsidiary furnace in order that the ruffled surface may be removed by melting.
If before this application of the molten glass the metallic leaf, whilst resting on the thin film of blown glass, was etched with a sharp point, patterns, emblems, inscriptions and pictures could be embedded and rendered permanent by the double coating of glass.
In this position his moderate orthodoxy led him to join Archbishop Tait in supporting the Public Worship Regulation Act, and, as president of the northern convocation, he came frequently into sharp collision with the lower house of that body.
The statistical contrasts are especially sharp and characteristic when we take into account the chronological sequence in the elaboration of laws.
Many of them seem to have been admitted to membership. They were regarded as merchants, for they bought raw material and sold the manufactured commodity; no sharp line of_ demarcation was drawn' between the two classes in the 12th and 13th centuries.
The covers are carefully cut to the proper size and shape with a sharp knife, and, after being damped and smoothed out are placed together in a pile.
The shares, when made of the same material, required constant sharpening; this necessity was removed by the device, patented by Robert Ransome in 1803, of chilling and so hardening the under-surface of the share; the upper surface, which is soft, then wears away more quickly than the chilled part, whereby a sharp edge is always assured.
Subsequently the digging plough came into vogue; the share being wider, a wider furrow is cut, while the slice is inverted by a short concave mould-board with a sharp turn which at the same time breaks up and pulverizes the soil after the fashion of a spade.
JOHN SHARP (1645-1714), English divine, archbishop of York, was born at Bradford on the 16th of February 1645, and was educated at Christ's College, Cambridge.
Richard Sharp >>
The shore line of the bay is broken by large, deeply indented bays (that of Jurujuba being nearly surrounded by wooded hills), shallow curves and sharp promontories.
The blackbird is of a shy and restless disposition, courting concealment, and rarely seen in flocks, or otherwise than singly or in pairs, and taking flight when startled with a sharp shrill cry.
It is picturesquely situated in an amphitheatre of sharp, rocky hills.
C. Baur was his teacher, he did not attach himself to the Tubingen school; in reply to the contention that there are traces of a sharp conflict between two parties, Paulinists and Petrinists, he says that "we find variety coupled with agreement, and unity with difference, between Paul and the earlier apostles; we recognize the one spirit in the many gifts."
Of the old castle on the hill by the sea, in which Archbishop Sharp was born, scarcely a trace remains; but upon its site was erected the modern Banff Castle, belonging to the earl of Seafield.
As the prisoners, clad in penitential haircloth, were led across the bridge, wanton boys thrust sharp sticks between the planks to wound their feet.
It thus stands in sharp contrast to the anthropology of Kant, which opposes human development conceived as the gradual manifestation of a growing faculty of rational free will to the operations of physical nature.
But Gladstone risked the reproach, accepted the office and had a sharp tussle for his seat.
Japanese bronze is well suited for castings, not only because of its low melting-point, great fluidity and capacity for taking sharp impressions, but also because it has a particularly smooth surface and readily develops a fine patina.
In the case of cut velvet, the yuzen process is supplemented as follows: The cutter, who works at an ordinary wooden bench, has no tool except a small sharp chisel with a V-shaped point.
But a sharp distinction has to be drawn between the method of Seifu and that of the other six ceramists mentioned above as following Chinese fashions.
Moreover, all securities underwent such sharp depreciation that, on the one hand, the government hesitated to hand over the bonds representing the purchase-price of the railways, lest such an addition to the volume of stocks should cause further depreciation, and, on the other, the former owners of the nationalized lines found the character of their bargain greatly changed.
In the greater politics of Germany, Baden, between 1850 and 1866, was a consistent supporter of Austria; and in the war of 1866 her contingents, under Prince William, had two sharp engagements with the Prussian army of the Main.
The African species use the nasal horns as weapons, with which they strike and toss their assailant, but the Asiatic rhinoceroses employ their sharp lower tusks much as does a boar.
The poet William Cowper used the word to denote sharp and keen despair, but other authors, Sir T.
root ac-, sharp; acere, to be sour), the name loosely applied to any sour substance; in chemistry it has a more precise meaning,denoting a substance containing hydrogen which may be replaced by metals with the formation of salts.
In the innocuous snakes the teeth are simple and uniform in structure, thin, sharp like needles, and bent backwards; their function consists merely in seizing and holding the prey.
Sharp, recurved teeth are carried by the mandibles, the pterygoids, palatines, maxillaries, and in the Pythoninae by the premaxillaries also.
They may be the pinched-up summits of sharp anticlinals, which in the process of folding have been forced through the softer rocks which lay upon them.
The leaves are generally lance-shaped with a sharp apex and a spiny margin; but vary in colour from grey to bright green, and are sometimes striped or mottled.
high, the surface divided into numerous furrows like the ribs of a melon, with projecting angles, which are set with a regular series of stellated spines - each bundle consisting of about five larger spines, accompanied by smaller but sharp bristles - and the tip of the plant being surmounted by a cylindrical crown 3 to 5 in.
They have the fleshy stems characteristic of the order, these being either globose, oblong or cylindrical, and either ribbed as in Melocactus, or broken up into distinct tubercles, and most of them armed with stiff sharp pines, set in little woolly cushions occupying the place of the buds.
In the allied genus Echinocereus, with 25 to 30 species in North and South America, the stems are short, branched or simple, divided into few or many ridges all armed with sharp, formidable spines.
Owing to its position astride of the Alps, and so commanding the road across them, Tirol has often been the scene of sharp fighting.
In July 1819 he entered Tunja, after a sharp action on the adjoining heights; and on the 7th of August he gained the victory of Boyaca, which gave him immediate possession of Bogota and all New Granada.
Sharp, however, the hypopharynx is present in all Hymenoptera as a distinct structure at the base of the " tongue," which must be regarded as representing the fused laciniae of the second maxillae.
The demand was resisted, and was only yielded to after a sharp conflict.
Blake came into the Straits of Dover with his ships, and on the 19th of May a sharp collision took place between him and Tromp. Bourne joined his countryman after the action began.
Sir George Ayscue, who had lately returned from the West Indies, whither he had been sent to subdue the Royalist party in Barbados, had a sharp encounter with a Dutch convoy while on his way up Channel to the Downs, and had captured several prizes.
In Halohates a comb-like series of sharp spines on the fore-shin can be drawn across a set of blunt processes on the shin of the opposite leg.
Sharp (Cambridge Nat.
On the 14th of May 1863 Johnston who then held the city, was attacked on both sides by Sherman and McPherson with two corps of Grant's army, which, after a sharp engagement, drove the Confederates from the town.
On the 9th of July Sherman began an investment of the place, and during the succeeding week a sharp bombardment was carried on.
Modern heliometers made with cylindrical slides measure angles over 2°, the images remaining as sharp and perfect as when the smallest angles are measured.
The Suidae include the Old World pigs (Suinae) and the American peccaries (Dicotylinae), and are characterized by the snout terminating in a fleshy disk-like expansion, in the midst of which are perforated the nostrils; while the toes are enclosed in sharp hoofs, of which the lateral ones do not touch the ground.
The Dicotylinae differ from the Suinae in that the upper canines are directed downwards (instead of curving upwards) and have sharp cutting-edges, while the toes are four in front and three behind (instead of four on each foot), and the stomach is complex instead of simple.
viii.), with its sharp critique of Schelling; from 1810 we have the Thatsachen des Bewusstseyns, published in 1817, of which another treatment is given in lectures of 1813 (Nachgel.
Garrick's farce of The Lying Valet, in which he performed the part of Sharp, was at this time brought out with so much success that he ventured to send a copy to his brother.
O'Donnell's pronunciamiento in 1856 put an end to the Cortes, and the militia was disarmed, after a sharp struggle in the streets of the capital.
He was surrounded with spies who reported, none too accurately, the minister's somewhat sharp criticisms of the emperor's acts; he had even had the supreme presumption to advise Alexander not to take the chief command in the coming campaign.
A peculiar literary feud in Germany served, about 1515, to throw into sharp contrast the humanistic party, which had been gradually developing during the previous fifty years, and the conservative, monkish, scholastic group, who found their leader among the Dominicans of the university of Cologne.
A new type of theology made its appearance at the opening of the 16th century, in sharp contrast with the Aristotelian scholasticism of the Thomists and Scotists.
Their refutation of the Protestant positions seemed needlessly sharp to the emperor, and five drafts were made of it.
It would seem as if this sharp, uncompromising reaction was what was needed to produce a popular realization of the contrast between the Ecclesia anglicana of Henry VIII.
This subject he was led to study by the experience of a colliery engineman, who noticed that he received a sharp shock on exposing one hand to a jet of steam issuing from a boiler with which his other hand was in contact, and the inquiry was followed by the invention of the "hydro-electric" machine, a powerful generator of electricity, which was thought worthy of careful investigation by Faraday.
It was true that the most active French colonial element, the trappers, were barbarized by the natives, and that the pursuit of the fur trade and other causes had brought the French into sharp collision with the most formidable of the native races, the confederation known as the Five (or Six) Nations.
All three writers seek to draw a sharp line round what is " of faith."
Walker wrote: "If the birth-rate among the previously existing population did not suffer a sharp decline.
The reverse or lower side of the coin received a rectangular mark made by the sharp edges of the little anvil.
The breath directed horizontally across the open end, impinged against the sharp inner edge of the pipes, creating the regular series of pulses which generate the sound waves within the tubes.
In polytheism the grades of superhuman beings are continuous; but in monotheism there is a sharp distinction of kind, as well as degree, between God on the one hand, and all other superhuman beings on the other; the latter are the " angels."
In others the wings are armed with a tubercle or even a sharp spur on the carpus.
Another sharp antithesis was the problem of evil.
The real root of the difficulty to Platonist as to Gnostic was his sharp antithesis of form as good and matter as evil.
Between 1855 and 1859, after many sharp contests, the Indians were partially subdued.
A sharp clap of the hands may also produce the effect.
This note is f sharp, and the interval t is termed a sharp.
Taking the successive key-notes D, A, E, B, it is found that besides small and negligible differences, each introduces a new sharp, and so we get the five sharps, C, D, F, G, A, represented nearly by the black keys.
E flat as key-note introduces another flat, and so on, each flat not quite coinciding with a sharp but at a very small interval from it.
When the motion due to the vibration is up along the pipe from the embouchure, the air moves into the pipe from the outside, and carries the sheet-like stream in with it to the inside of the sharp edge.
When the motion is reversed and the air moves out of the pipe at the embouchure, the sheet is deflected on to the outer side of the sharp edge, and no work is done against it by the air in the pipe.
He was further to be commended for drawing (though not always) a sharp line of demarcation between the mythical and historical (Strabo ix.
In 1846 he had a sharp discussion upon them with a former subordinate, Henry J.
He was dissatisfied with General Grant's administration, and became its sharp critic. The discontent which he did much to develop ended in the organization of the Liberal Republican party, which held its National Convention at Cincinnati in 1872, and nominated Greeley for the presidency.
It called forth sharp counter manifestoes on the part of those who were to be " liberated."
In the course of the years1806-1807Napoleon came into sharp collision with the pope on various matters both political and religious.
But he met with a sharp rebuff, and Bishop Stephen fared no better when, in the middle of the 3rd century, he came into collision with Cyprian of Carthage and Firmilian of Caesarea in the dispute concerning heretical baptism.
It may be admitted that, in many cases, the distinction between Ultramontanism and Catholicism cannot be clearly traced; and it is impossible to draw a sharp line of severance between the two, which could be absolutely valid under all circumstances and in relation to all questions.
The relations between the court and the country formed matter in 1889 for a somewhat sharp discussion in parliament and in the press.
takes a sharp bend N.W.
From Devil's Point, a sharp promontory on the north bank - up to which place the water is salt - the river widens considerably and enters the Atlantic, in about 132° N.
He was one of Carlyle's literary executors, and brought some sharp criticism upon himself by publishing Carlyle's Reminiscences and the Memorials of Jane Welsh Carlyle, for they exhibited the domestic life and character of his old friend in an unpleasant light.
It crystallizes in small prisms, having a sharp saline taste, and is exceedingly soluble in water.
The weasel is an elegant little animal, with elongated slender body, back much arched, head small and flattened, ears short and rounded, neck long and flexible, limbs short, five toes on each foot, all with sharp, com - pressed, curved claws, tail rather short, slender, cylindrical, and pointed at the tip, and fur short and close.
Fluorine is a pale greenish-yellow gas with a very sharp smell; its specific gravity is 1.265.
The pure salt has a sharp saline taste and is readily soluble in water.
Not only was there in 1918-21 a sharp contrast in policy between the Czechoslovaks and the minority races living within the republic - the Germans and the Magyars - but each nationality was split up into a multiplicity of factions.
Not only were five of the seven great statesmen, but they were statesmen of the same stamp. We are disturbed by no such sharp contrasts as are to be found among the Plantagenets, the Vasas and the Bourbons.
He had a sharp fight with Jackson's men, but night soon put an end to the contest.
He is described by Fuller as "low of stature, little in bulk, cheerful in countenance (wherein gravity and quickness were all compounded), of a sharp and piercing eye, clear judgment and (abating the influence of age) term memory."
These plates are then placed horizontally by the dresser on a vertical iron "stand," and cut with a sharp knife into slates of various sizes suitable for the market.
The paraquinones are generally crystalline solids of a yellowish colour, having a characteristic sharp odour and being volatile in steam.
His troops were raw and possessed no decisive superiority in numbers, and sharp fighting took place when the garrison of Donelson tried to cut its way out.
Two days later McClellan's advanced troops fought a sharp combat at Williamsburg and the Army of the Potomac rendezvoused on the Chickahominy with its base at White House on the Pamunkey (May 7).
The course of the battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks bore some resemblance to that of Shiloh; a sharp attack found the Unionists unprepared, and only after severe losses and many partial defeats could McClellan check the rebel advance.
Two sharp combats followed on the 22nd of June and the 2nd of July, as Grant once more began to feel Lee's right.
- Potassium fluoride, KF, is a very deliquescent salt, crystallizing in cubes and having a sharp saline taste, which is formed by neutralizing potassium carbonate or hydroxide with hydrofluoric acid and concentrating in platinum vessels.
The beak or umbo of each valve is prominent and rounded, and a number of sharp ridges and furrows radiate from the apex to the free edge of the shell, which is crenated.