For the production of wheat, in respect of which France is self-supporting, French Flanders, the Seine basin, notably the Beauce and the Brie, and the regions bordering on the lower course of the Loire and the upper course of the Garonne, are the chief areas.
Virchow (Berlin, 1903); and Briefe Virchows an seine Eltern 1839-1864, by Marie Rabl (Leipzig, 1907).
Gopchevich, Oberalbanien and seine Liga(Leipzig, 1881); F.
von Dellinger, Aventin and seine Zeit (Munich, 1877); S.
Seine and Pas-de-Calais.
The canal and river system attains its greatest utility in the north, northeast and north-centre of the country; traffic is thickest along the Seine below Paris; along the rivers and small canals of the rich departments of Nord and Pas-de-Calais and along the Oise and the canal of St Quentin whereby they communicate with Paris; along the canal from the Marne to the Rhine and the succession of waterways which unite it with the Oise; along the Canal de lEst (departments of Meuse and Ardennes); and along the waterways uniting Paris with the Sane at Chalon (Seine, Canal du Loing, Canal de Briare, Lateral canal of the Loire and Canal du Centre) and along the Sane between Chalon and Lyons.
Land (1891-1893, for which a recently discovered MS. was consulted); see also the same editor's Arnold Geulincx and seine Philosophie (1895), and article (translated) in Mind, xvi.
Gardthausen, Augustus and seine Zeit (1891), i.; P. Groebe, in Pauly-Wissowa's Realencyclopadie (1896), ii.
She showed him the map, which showed the property as a forty-kilometer stretch along the Seine.
To the maritime ports mentIoned above must be added the river pcsrts of Bayonne (on the Adour), Bordeaux (on the Garonne), Nantes (on the Loire), Rouen (on the Seine).
Chief Centre Seine -.
ARGENTEUIL, a town of northern France in the department of Seine-et-Oise, on the Seine, 5 m.
His Ganganelli: Papst Clemens XI V., seine Briefe and seine Zeit (Berlin, 1847) is valuable for the relations between this pope and the Jesuits.
The department belongs to the Seine basin, and is watered chiefly by the Seine and the Aube.
Aube is an agricultural department; more than one-third of its surface consists of arable land of which the chief products are wheat and oats, and next to them rye, barley and potatoes; vegetables are extensively cultivated in the valleys of the Seine and the Aube.
For practical studies see official reports on the Mississippi, Rhine, Seine, Elbe and other great rivers.
The first of these extended from the Pyrenees to the Garumna (Garonne); the second, from that river to the Sequana (Seine) and its chief tributary the Matrona (Marne), reaching eastward presumably as far as the Rhenus (Rhine); and the third, from this bounding Iline to the mouth of the last-named river, thus bordering on the Germans.
The three provinces were: Aquitania, reaching from the Pyrenees almost to the Loire; Lugudunensis, the land between Loire and Seine, reaching from Brittany in the west to Lyons in the south-east; and Belgica in the north.
des deutschen Adels (2nd ed., Waldenburg, 1851); von Maurer, Uber das Wesen des dltesten Adds der deutschen Stdmme (Munich, 1846); Rose, Der Adel Deutschlands and seine Stellung im deutschen Reich (Berlin, 1883); G.
Hildebrand, Boethius and seine Stellung zum Christentume (Regensburg, 1885); G.
and Katharina von Russland, ihr Briefwechsel (1869); Johann Christian Barthenstein and seine Zeit (1871); Joseph II.
and Leopold von Toskana, ihr Briefwechsel (2 vols., 1872); Briefe der Kaiserin Maria Theresa an ihre Kinder and Freunde (4 vols., 1881); Marie Antoinette: Correspondance secrete entre Marie-Therese et le comte de Mercy-Argenteau (3 vols., Paris, 1875), in collaboration with Auguste Geffroy; Graf Philipp Cobenzl and seine Memoiren (1885); Correspondance secrete du comte de Mercy-Argenteau avec l'empereur Joseph II.
See Reusch, Sagen des preussischen Samlandes (2nd ed., Konigsberg, 1863); Jankowsky, Das Samland and seine Beviilkerung (Konigsberg, 1902); Hensel, Samland Wegweiser (4th ed., Konigsberg, 5905); and the Urkundenbuch des Bistums Samland, edited by Wolky and Mendthal (Leipzig, 1891-1904).
ASNIÃˆRES, a town of northern France, in the department of Seine, on the left bank of the Seine, about 1½ m.
Driven by contrary winds to take shelter in the Seine, the refugees passed the winter in the Netherlands, and in April 1608 proceeded to Rome, where they were welcomed and hospitably entertained by Pope Paul V., and where Tyrconnel died the same year.
Peters, Der griechische Physiologus and seine orientalischen Ubersetzungen (Berlin, 1898).
He took part in the defence of Paris in 1815, and afterwards occupied a subordinate situation in the prefecture of the Seine.
BELGAE, a Celtic people first mentioned by Caesar, who states that they formed the third part of Gaul, and were separated from the Celtae by the Sequana (Seine) and Matrona (Marne).
Augustus, however, finding it too unwieldy, again divided it into three provinces, one of which was Belgica, bounded on the west by the Seine and the Arar (Saone); on the north by the North Sea; on the east by the Rhine from its mouth to the Lacus Brigantinus (Lake Constance).
Pfleiderer, Der moderne Pessimismus (1875); Agnes Taubert (Hartmann), Der Pessimismus and seine Gegner (1873); Gass, Optimismus and Pessimismus (1876); Rehmke, Die Philos.
The German pamphlet: Pansalim Fiirst der Finsterniss and seine Geliebte, published in 1794, is a fair specimen of the opinion of those who regarded him as the evil genius of Catherine and of Russia.
Paulus and seine Zeit (1853), and article in Herzog-Hauck, Realencyklopddie; cf.
from the left bank of the Seine.
Crecelius, "Alexander Hegius and seine Schuler," from the works of Johannes Butzbach, one of Hegius's pupils, in Zeitschrift des bergischen Geschichtsvereins, vii.
See Haupt, Soden am Taunus (Wurzburg, 1902); and Kohler, Der Kurort Soden am Taunus and seine Umgebungen (Frankfort, 1873)
von Gutschmid, Geschichte Irans and seine Nachbarleinder von Alexander d.
He died at Choisy-le-Roi (Seine et Oise) on the 26th of June 1836.
Clauberg and seine Stellung Cartesianismus).
The real founder of the house, however, was Robert the Strong, who received from Charles the Bald, king of the Franks, the countships of Anjou and Blois, and who is sometimes called duke, as he exercised some military authority in the district between the Seine and the Loire.
In 1881 he published a work on monasticism, Das M onchtum, seine Ideale and seine Geschichte (5th ed., 1900; English translation, 1901), and became joint-editor with Emil Schiirer of the Theologische Literaturzeitung.
seine Bedeutung far den Welthandel (1873); R.
Gardthausen, Augustus and seine Zeit, i.
He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies for the department of the Seine in 1885 as a radical socialist.
His determined opposition to the empire, culminating in 1869 in a campaign in favour of the radical candidate opposed to 0111vier, was rewarded by his election as mayor of the 11th arrondissement of Paris and as deputy for the Seine.
Jostes, Meister Eckhart and seine Jiinger (Freiburg, 1895); for the Latin works, H.
Elbeuf, a town of wide, clean streets, with handsome houses and factories, stands on the left bank of the Seine at the foot of hills over which extends the forest of Elbeuf.
Two bridges, one of them a suspension-bridge, communicate with St Aubin on the opposite bank of the Seine, and steamboats ply regularly to Rouen.
Beda der Ehrwierdige and seine Zeit, by Dr Karl Werner (Vienna, 1875), is excellent.
It is the commonest cetacean in the seas round the British Isles, and not infrequently ascends the Thames, having been seen as high as Richmond; it has also been observed in the Seine at Neuilly, near Paris.
See Reinhard, Die Stadt Meissen, ihre Merkwiirdigkeiten (Meissen, 1829); Loose, Alt-Meissen in Bildern (Meissen, 1889); Jaschke, Meissen and seine Kirchen (Leipzig, 1902); and Gersdorf, Urkundenbuch der Stadt Meissen (Leipzig, 1873).
Seine River >>
Lassalle and seine Bedeutung fiir die Arbeiterklasse (Berlin, 1904).
See Kaiser, Gmiind and seine Umgebung (1888).
See also Hamburg and seine Bauten (1890); H.
43, pp. 280-84 (Madison, 1901); Hepding, Attis, Seine Mythen and Sein Kult (Giessen, 1903), pp. 168 ff., 201; Cumont, Le Taurobole et le Culte de Bellone, Revue d'histoire et de litterature religieuses, vi., No.
One of his best lieutenants said of him in a moment of impatience: " Lord Derby is like the God of Hegel: ` Er setzt sich, er verneint sich, er verneint seine Negation.'
Diimmler in a MS. at Stuttgart, and was published by him in " Das Martyrologium Notkers and seine Verwandten in Forschungen zur deutschen Geschichte, xxv.
AUBERVILLIERS, Or Aubervilliers-Les-Vertus, a town of northern France, in the department of Seine, on the canal St Denis, 2 m.
from the right bank of the Seine and 1 m.
Beaulieu-Mareonnay, Karl von Dalberg and seine Zeit (Weimar, 1879).
Magdeburg is one of the most important railway centres in northern Germany; and the Elbe, besides being bridged - it divides there into three arms - several times for vehicular traffic, ' See Der Bau des Elbe-Trave Canals and seine Vorgeschichte (Lubeck, 1900).
Professor Schipper's William Dunbar, sein Leben and seine Gedichte (with German translations of several of the poems), appeared at Berlin in 1884.
He studied law, became a judge in the tribunal of the Seine in 1806, was attached to the cabinet of Louis Bonaparte in 1807, and was counsel to the court of appeal at Paris in 1811.
In the interval he had been elected deputy for the Seine (August 1815) and both as deputy and as minister he led the moderate Royalists.
He next entered into relations with the family of Bonaparte, and in 1799, after the 18th Brumaire, again entered politics, becoming successively prefect of the lower Seine, councillor of state, and finance minister to Jerome Bonaparte, king of Westphalia.
See Schuchard, Die Stadt Liegnitz (Berlin, 1868); Sammter and Kraffert, Chronik von Liegnitz (Liegnitz, 1861-1873); Jander, Liegnitz in seinem Entwickelungsgange (Liegnitz, 1905); and Fiihrer fur Liegnitz and seine Umgebung (Liegnitz, 1897); and the Urkundenbuch der Stadt Liegnitz bis 1455, edited by Schirrmacher (Liegnitz, 1866).
On his release the Citoyen Rousselin entered the ministry of the interior, and under the Directory he became secretary-general, and then civil commissioner of the Seine.
On the 4th of January 1791 Kersaint was appointed administrator of the department of the Seine by the electoral assembly of Paris.
Shadwell, Industrial Efficiency (London, 1906); and Jorde, Filhrer durch Elberfeld and seine Umgebung (1902).
A sketch of his life was published anonymously in 1843 (Gesenius: eine Erinnerung fiir seine Freunde), and another by H.
He attacked the Empire with great violence, directing his opposition especially against Baron Haussmann, prefect of the Seine.
Elected republican deputy for Paris in 1869, he protested against the declaration of war with Germany, and on the 6th of September 1870 was appointed prefect of the Seine by the government of national defence.
Windisch, Der Heliand and seine Quellen (1868); E.
seine Briefe (1905), pp. 286-323, Belser's Einleitung in der N.
Middendorf, Peru: Beobachtungen and Studien 'fiber das Land and seine Bewohner, &c. (Berlin, 1893); Federico Moreno, Petroleum in Peru (Lima, 1891); Dr M.
von Liebig, Reichenhall, sein Klima and seine Heilmittel (6th ed., Reichenhall, 1889); and Goldschmidt, Der Kuron Bad Reichenhall and seine Umgebung (Vienna, 1892).
Rudelbach, Hieronymus Savonarola and seine Zeit, aus den Quellen dargestellt (Hamburg, 1835); Karl Meier, Girolamo Savonarola, aus grossentheils handschriftlichen Quellen dargestellt (Berlin, 1836); Padre Vincenzo Marchese, Storia di S.
Richard could only stand on the defensive; the keynote of his later policy is given by the building of the famous Château Gaillard at Les Andelys (1196) to protect the lower courses of the Seine against invasion from the side of France.
Klein, Mainz and seine Umgebungen' (1868); C. G.
Sein Leben and seine Lehre (Freiburg, 1889) and Der Positivismus vom Tode Aug.
It is situated on the right bank of the Seine, the tidal wave of which (mascaret) can be well seen at this point.
von Goerres's Emanuel Swedenborg, seine Visionen and sein Venceiltniss zur Kirche (1827); A.
Schmid, Marius Victorinus Rhetor and seine Beziehungen zu Augustin (Kiel, 1895); Gore in Dictionary of Christian Biography, iv.; M.
von Anhalt and seine Sohne (Dessau, 1852); G.
von Muller and seine Schweizergeschichte (Bale, 1884), traces the genesis of the History.
and seine Zeit (Leipzig, 1856-1858); also Demosthenes.
In 1801 he was one of the educational jury for the Seine; from 1803 to 1806 he was inspector-general of public instruction.
However, after the peace between Charles and Louis in 860 Robert came to terms with his sovereign, who made him count of Anjou and of Blois, and entrusted him with the defence of that part of his kingdom which lay between the Seine and the Loire, a district which had suffered greatly from the ravages of the Normans and the Bretons.
seine Regierung (Frankfurtan-der-Oder, 1896).
From 464 to 486 he governed that part of Gaul which lies between the Maas, the Scheldt and the Seine, and was termed "king of the Romans" by the German invaders, Franks, Burgundians and Visigoths, who already occupied the rest of Gaul.
4, 1882), Harnack, Das Monchthum, seine Ideale and seine Geschichte, 2nd ed., 1882; Eng.
die jildisch-alexandrinische Theosophie, Stuttgart, 1831) was rapidly followed by an elaborate biography, in two volumes, of Gustavus Adolphus (Gustav Adolf, Konig von Schweden, and seine Zeit, Stuttgart, 1835-1837), and by a critical history of primitve Christianity (Kritische Geschichte des Urchristenthums, 3 vols., Stuttgart, 1838).
and seine Politik (Schaffhausen, 1867) and Geschichte Ostfrieslands (Hanover, 1854-1858) show his dislike of Prussia.
Learning (1694), has given rise to a literature of its own; see, especially, Tollin's Die Entdeckung des Blutkreislaufs, &c. (1876); Huxley, in Fortnightly Rev. (February 1878); Tollin's Kritische Bemerkungen fiber Harvey and seine Vorganger (1882).
Bruno, seine Weltanschauung and Lebensauffassung (1900); O.
Bruno and seine Weltanschauung (1907).
Catherine's policy provoked a crowd of pamphlets, the most celebrated being the Discours inerveilleux de la vie, actions et deportemens de la seine Catherine de Medicis, in which Henri Estienne undoubtedly collaborated.
Busse, Fichte and seine Beziehung zur Gegenwart des deutschen Volkes (Halle, 1848-1849); J.
He was returned by the department of the Seine to the Chamber of Deputies in 1816, and took his seat on the Left.
Passarge and others, Das deutsche Kolonialreich, Erster Band (Leipzig, 1909); P. Reichard, Deutsch Ostafrika, das Land and seine Bewohner (Leipzig, 1892); F.
Stuhlmann, Mit Emin Pasha im Herzen von Afrika (Berlin, 1894); Brix Foerster, Deutsch-Ostafrika; Geographie and Geschichte (Leipzig, 1890); Oscar Baumann, InDeutsch-Ostafrikawahrenddes Aufstands (Vienna, 1890), Usambara and seine Nachbargebiete (Berlin, 1891), and Durch Massailand zur Nilquelle (Berlin, 1894).
The marriage was celebrated the next day, at Portmort on the right bank of the Seine, in John's domains, as those of Philip lay under an interdict.
The Urschrift was followed by a more exhaustive handling of one of its topics in Die Sadducder and Pharisder (1863), and by a more thorough application of its leading principles in an elaborate history of Judaism (Das Judentum and seine Geschichte) in 1865-1871.
Among his works are Johann Reuchlin, sein Leben and seine Werke (Leipzig, 1871); and Johann Reuchlin's Briefwechsel (Tubingen, 1875); Renaissance and Humanismus in Italien and Deutschland (1882, 2nd ed.
Geiger: seine Lehre vom Ursprung d.
Kostlin, Martin Luther, sein Leben and seine Schriften, new edition by Kawerau, 2 vols., 1903, the most useful life of Luther; H.
See Der Oderstrom, sein Stromgebiet and seine wichtigsten Nebenflusse; hydrographische, wasserwirtschaftliche and wasserrechtliche Darstellung (Berlin, 1896).
p. 298; Hengstenberg's Die Geschichte Bileams and seine Weissagungen (1842); the commentaries on the scriptural passages, especially G.
(5895) - many quotations in extenso; C. Stange, Das Dogma and seine Beurteilung in der neueren Dogmengeschichte (1898) - a pamphlet protesting against what Loofs terms the " generally accepted view."
He also wrote essays and prepared maps on the geology of Seine et Marne and Seine et Oise for the Geological Survey of France (1844).
Gardthausen, Augustus and seine Zeit, vol.
The British Museum and the Musee Cluny in Paris have fine collections of them, mainly dredged from the Thames and the Seine.
When the revolution of that year broke out, he was named a member of the council-general of the department of the Seine, but found it necessary to resign.
bridge over the Seine has fifteen steel ribs hinged at crown and springings with a span of 353 ft.
Hoensbroech, Der Ultramontanismus, sein Wesen and seine Bekeimpfung (2nd ed., Berlin 1898); idem.
He passed his youth in England, not going to France until 1848, when, after the revolution, he was elected deputy for Corsica on the 28th of November 1848; his election having been invalidated, he was returned as deputy for the Seine in June 1849.
Hossbach, Philipp Jakob Spener and seine Zeit (1828, 3rd ed., 1861); A.
von Hessen-Homburg and seine Familie (1878); and von Herget, Das landgrafliche Haus Homburg (Homburg, 1903).
He died at Asnieres (Seine) on the 29th of July 1839.
BAR-SUR - Seine, a town of eastern France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Aube, on the left bank of the Seine, 20 m.
and seine Zeit (Prague, 1862-68); F.
Sighart, Albertus Magnus, sein Leben and seine Wissenschaft (Regensburg, 1857; Eng.
See Wilke, Greiz and seine Umgebung (1875), and Jahresberichte des Vereins fir Greizer Geschichte (1894, seq.)
ARCUEIL, a town of northern France, in the department of Seine, on the Bievre, 22 m.
The first two volumes of Dr C. Schilling's exhaustive work, Wilhelm Olbers, sein Leben and seine Werke, appeared at Berlin in 1894 and 1900, a third and later volume including his personal correspondence and biography.
He was called to the Parisian bar, and became private secretary to Jules Ferry in the prefecture of the Seine.
See also Gieswald, Justus Byrg als Mathematiker and dessen Einleitung in seine Logarithmen (Danzig, 1856).
They are caught with the seine or with the bag-net in the tideway.
See Schafer, Fuhrer durch Schandau and seine Umgebung (Dresden, 1907).
Fels, Graz and seine Umgebung (Graz, 1898); L.
the latter's work Mani, seine Lehre u.
seine Schriften (1862).
BARFLEUR, a small seaport of north-western France, overlooking the Bay of the Seine, in the department of Manche, 222 m.
- Frame Weir with Rolling-up Curtain, Port Villez, Lower Seine.
This system, which has been employed for the lowest weir on the Moldau, and for a weir at the upper end of the Danube canal near Vienna to shut out floods and floating ice, as well as on the Seine, possesses the merits of raising all the movable parts of the weir out of water in flood-time, and rendering the working of the weir very safe and easy.
- Suspended Frame Weir, Poses, River Seine.
- Shutter Weir with Foot-bridge, Port a l'Anglais, Upper Seine.
de Lamettrie, Sein Leben and seine Werke (1900); F.
The two latter chairs he held together until his death, which happened on the 26th of June 1897 at Mezy, Seine et Oise.
by the Seine, N.
m., comprising the greater part of the department of Seine-et-Marne, together with portions of the departments of Seine, Seine-et-Oise, Aisne, Marne and Aube.
The Yeres, a tributary of the Seine, and the Grand Morin and Petit Morin, tributaries of the Marne, are the chief rivers, but the region is not abundantly watered and the rainfall is only between 20 and 24 in.
See Schneegans, Historisch-topographische Beschreibung Kreuznachs and seiner Umgebung (7th ed., 1904); Engelmann, Kreuznach and seine Heilquellen (8th ed., 1890); and Stabel, Das Solbad Kreuznach fiir Arzte dargestellt (Kreuznach, 1887).
Weiss, Das Marcus-Evangelium and seine synoptischen Parallelen (1872) Das Matthdus-Evangelium and seine Lucas-Parallelen (1876); H.
Sotier, Bad Kissingen (Leipzig, 1883); Werner, Bad Kissingen als Kurort (Berlin, 19021.); Leusser, Kissingen far Herzkranke (Wiirzburg, 1902); Diruf, Kissingen and seine Heilquellen (Wiirzburg, 1892); and Roth, Bad Kissingen (Warzburg, 1901).
Round the oval is the motto Fiirchte Gott and folge seine Befehle.
Besides this, Charles had to struggle against the incessant rebellions in Aquitaine, against the Bretons, whose revolt was led by their chief Nomenoe and Erispoe, and who inflicted on the king the defeats of Ballon (845) and Juvardeil (851), and especially against the Normans, who devastated the country in the north of Gaul, the valleys of the Seine and Loire, and even up to the borders of Aquitaine.
COLOMBES, a town of France in the department of Seine, arrondissement of St Denis, 7 m.
See Roth, Geschichte and historische Topographie der Stadt Wiesbaden (Wiesbaden, 1883); Pagenstecher, Wiesbaden in medizinischtopographischer Beziehung (Wiesbaden, 1870); Kranz, Wiesbaden and seine Thermen (Leipzig, 1884); Pfeiffer, Wiesbaden als Kurort (5th ed., Wiesbaden, 1899); and Heyl, Wiesbaden and seine Umgebungen (27th ed., Wiesbaden, 1908).
On the 8th of February 1871 he was named deputy for the Seine et Oise, and participated in the drawing up of the Constitutional Laws of 1875.
The Saone (q.v.), which has received (left) the Doubs, is the real continuation of the Rhone, both from a geographical and a commercial point of view, and it is by means of canals branching off from the course of the Saone that the Rhone communicates with the basins of the Loire, the Seine, the Rhine and the Moselle.
OISE, a river of northern France, tributary to the Seine, flowing south-west from the Belgian frontier and traversing the departments of Aisne, Oise and Seine-et-Oise.
Skirting the forests of Compiegne, Halatte and Chantilly, all on its left bank, and receiving near Creil the Therain and the Breche, the river flows past Pontoise and debouches into the Seine 39 m.
Behnke, Aus Kolns Franzosenzeit (Cologne, 1901); Helmken, Koln and seine Sehenswurdigkeiten (loth ed., Cologne, 1903).
Having obtained possession of that part of Gaul which lay between the Seine and the Loire, Clovis turned his attention to his eastern neighbors, and was soon engaged in a struggle with the Alamanni which probably arose out of a quarrel between them and the Ripuarian Franks for the possession of the middle Rhine.
mid seine Zeit (Prague, 1862-1868) and Geschichte de~ dreissigjahrigen Krieges (Prague, 1869-1880).
Blum, Furst Bismarck und seine Zeit (Munich, 1895).
See Eberhard, Fi%hrer durch Wilhelmshaven and seine Umgebung (Wilhelmshaven, 1906); L.
von Demelitsch, Metternich and seine auswdrtige Politik, vol.
Wohltmann, Der Plantagenbau in Kamerun and seine Zukunft (Berlin, 1896); F.
Volk, Der Odenwald and seine Nachbargebiete (Stuttgart, 1900), and Windhaus, Fiihrer durch den Odenwald (Darmstadt, 1903).
There are also thriving fisheries, the Looe fishermen being particularly expert with the seine on a rocky bottom.
The best edition is by Rose (2nd ed., Leipzig, 1899); see also Nohl, Index Vitruvianus (1876); Jolles, Vitruvs Aesthetik (1906); Sontheimer, Vitruv and seine Zeit (1908).
seine Zeit (Mainz, 1852); Dumesnil, Hist.
and seine Zeit (1862-1868), and a criticism of Wallenstein, LValdstein wkhrend seines ersten Generalats (1886).
See Wirtgen and Blenke, Neuwied and seine Umgebung (Neuwied, 1901).
Manuals, Monographs, &c. - Buddhism, by Rhys Davids, 12mo, 10th thousand, 1903; Buddha, sein Leben, seine Lehre and seine Gemeinde, by Oldenberg, 5th edition, 1906; Der Buddhismus and seine Geschichte in Indien, by Kern, 1882; Der Buddhismus, by Edmund Hardy, 1890; American Lectures, Buddhism, by Rhys Davids, 1896; Inscriptions de Piyadasi, by Senart, 2 vols., 1881-1886; Mara and Buddha, by Windisch, 1895; Buddhist India, by Rhys Davids, 1903.
On the 8th of February 1871 he was elected as a Radical to the National Assembly for the department of the Seine, and voted against the peace preliminaries.
In like fashion was it with the next district, that of the Seine, only that here no important island served the pirates for their first arsenal and winter quarters.
The settlement of Danes under Rollo or Rolf on the lower Seine, i.e.
Reimarus and seine Schutzschrift fir die verniinftigen Verehrer Gottes (1862, 2nd ed.
and seine Kunstschopfungen (1887; 2nd ed., 1888); L.
Haym, Hegel and seine Zeit (Berlin, 1857); K.
Again, in Winckelmann and seine Zeit (1805) Goethe vigorously defended the classical ideals of which Winckelmann had been the founder.
Baumgartner, Goethe, sein Leben and seine Werke (1885); J.
Graef, Goethe g iber seine Dichtungen (1901 ff.); J.
Appell, Werther and seine Zeit (1855; 4th ed., 1896); E.
Martini Lutheri, Anfang, Lehre, Leben and Sterben (Prague, 1896); Myconius, Historia Reformationis 1517-1542 (Leipzig, 1718); Ratzeberger, Geschichte fiber Luther and seine Zeit (Jena, 1850); Wrampelmeyer, Tagebuch iiber Dr Martin Luther gefiihrt von Dr Conrad Cordatus, 1 537 (Halle, 1885); Forstemann, Neues Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte der evangelischen Kirchenreformation (Hamburg, 1842); Kolde, Analecta Lutherana (Gotha, 1883); G.
Kostlin, Martin Luther, sein Leben and seine Schriften (2 vols., Berlin, 1889); Th.
123b-126b; Ehrard, Das Dogma vom heiligen Abendmahl and seine Geschichte, ii.
Kraus, "Antonio Rosmini: sein Leben, seine Schriften," in Deutsche Rundschau, liv.
seine Propheten (1903), p. 24.
seine Kultur (1909).
1136), archbishop of Canterbury, was born probably at Corbeil on the Seine, and was educated at Laon.
Wolff, Zur Erinnerung an Eduard Lasker (Berlin, 1884); Freund, Einiges fiber Eduard Lasker (Leipzig, 1885); and Eduard Lasker, seine Biographie and letzte offentliche Rede, by various writers (Stuttgart, 1884).
In 1871 he was elected to the National Assembly by the department of the Seine.
In 1882 he held for a short time the post of prefect of the Seine.
See Vogler, Ems, seine Heilquellen, Kureinrichtungen, &c. (Ems, 1888); and Hess, Zur Geschichte der Stadt Ems (Ems, 1895).
Schranka, Der Stoiker Epiktet and seine Philosophie (Frankfort, 1885); T.
P. Schmelzeis, Riidesheim im Rheingau (Rtidesheim, 1881); and Heiderlinden, Riidesheim and seine Umgebung (Rtidesheim, 1888).
All former descriptions are now superseded by the magnificent work of Brunnow and Domaszewski, Die Provincia Arabia (1904), who have minutely surveyed the whole site, classified the tombs, and compiled the accounts of earlier investigations; and by the independent researches of Dalman, Petra and seine Felsheiligtiimer (1908), and of Musil, Arabia Petraea (1907-1908).
These uprights are supported on huge piers of masonry and concrete, the foundations for which were carried down, by the aid of iron caissons and compressed air, to a depth of about 15 metres on the side next the Seine, and about 9 metres on the other side.
He next proceeded to investigate the Pauline Epistles and the Acts of the Apostles in the same manner, publishing his results in 1845 under the title Paulus, der Apostel Jesu Christi, sein Leben and Wirken, seine Briefe and seine Lehre.
Scotus Erigena and seine Geweihrsmdnner (Leipzig, 1902); S.
Gardthausen, Augustus and seine Zeit (2 vols., Leipzig, 1891-1904), which deals with all aspects of Augustus's life, vol.
Miller, Lebensbild in Briefen an seine Eltern (1908); see also J.
Then Philip continued his great task, the conquest of Normandy, capturing the towns around the fortress of Chateau-Gaillard which Richard had built to command the valley of the Seine.
In 1814 he commanded a corps of all arms in the Seine Valley.
and seine Beziehungen zu Luther (Leipzig, 1890); J.
CARNUTES (Carnuti, Carnutae, Kapvourivot in Plutarch), a Celtic people of central Gaul, between the Sequana (Seine) and the Liger (Loire).
Under the new Carolingian dynasty, Pippin and Charlemagne restored the unity of the Frankish realm, and then the word Neustria was restricted to the district between the Loire and the Seine, together with part of the diocese of Rouen north of the Seine; while Austrasia comprised only the Frankish dominions beyond the Rhine, perhaps with the addition of the three cities of Mainz, Worms and Spires on the left bank.
C. Schultz, Danzig and seine Bauwerke (Berlin, 1873); Wistulanus, Geschichte der Stadt Danzig (Danzig, 1891); Defense de Dantzig en 1813; documents militaires dulieutenant-general Campredon, pub.
Guttsberger (Barhebrdus and seine Scholien zur heiligen Schrift, Freiburg i.
Kahlert, Angelus Silesius (1853); C. Seltmann, Angelus Silesius and seine Mystik (1896), and a biog.
His first work, Konig Aelfred and seine Stellung in der Geschichte Englands (Berlin, 1851), was followed by monographs on Bischof Grosseteste and Adam von Marsh (Tubingen, 1864), and on Simon von Montfort (Tubingen, 1867).
on the Seine and Moselle) was not commenced until after the death of Probus.
See Walther, Darmstadt wie es war and wie es geworden (Darms. 1865); and Zernin and Worner, Darmstadt and seine Umgebung (Zurich, 1890).
In 103 they marched back through Gaul, which they overran as far as the Seine, where the Belgae made a stout resistance.
Gardthausen, Augustus and seine Zeit (Leipzig, 1891-1904); W.
216 et seq.); Coussemaker, Memoire sur Hucbald (Paris, 1841); Hans Muller, Hucbald's echte and unechte Schriften fiber Musik (Leipzig, 1884); Spitta, Die Musica Enchiriadis and seine Zeitalter (Vierteljahresschrift ffir Musikwissenschaft, 1889, 5th year).
Bacon and seine geschichtliche Stellung (Breslau, 1889); H.
See Delius, Untersuchungen fiber die Geschichte der Harzburg (Halberstadt, 1826); Dommes, Harzburg and seine Umgebung (Goslar, 1862); Jacobs, Die Harzburg and ihre Geschichte (1885); and Stolle, Fiihrer von Bad Harzburg (1899).
Pole (Oxford, 1764-1767); Athanasius Zimmermann, S.J., Kardinal Pole sein Leben and seine Schriften (Regensburg, 1893) Martin Hailie, Life of Reginald Pole (1910); and F.
COURBEVOIE, a town of northern France, in the department of Seine, 5 m.
Lobell, Gregor von Tours and seine Zeit (2nd ed., Leipzig, 1868); G.
by the department of Seine Inferieure, W.
The Seine flows from S.E.
All the rivers of the department flow into the Seine, - on the right bank the Andelle and the Epte, and on the left the Eure with its tributaries the Avre and the Iton, and the Risle with its tributary the Charentonne.
The Eure, from which the department takes its name, rises in Orne, and flowing through Eure-etLoir, falls into the Seine above Pont de l'Arche, after a course of 44 m.
The Risle likewise rises in Orne, and flows generally northward to its mouth in the estuary of the Seine.
The department is served chiefly by the Western railway; the Seine, Eure and Risle provide 87 m.
Volter, who applies this method to the other Pauline epistles, admits that Galatians,whether authentic or not, is substantially a literary unity (Paulus and seine Briefe, 1905, pp. 2 29-285).
See Veiel, Der Kurort Kannstatt and seine Mineralquellen (Cannstatt, 1875).
In 1830, Arago, who always professed liberal opinions of the extreme republican type, was elected a member of the chamber of deputies for the Lower Seine, and he employed his splendid gifts of eloquence and scientific knowledge in all questions connected with public education, the rewards of inventors, and the encouragement of the mechanical and practical sciences.
Daguerre for the invention of photography, the grant for the publication of the works of P. Fermat and Laplace, the acquisition of the museum of Cluny, the development of railways and electric telegraphs, the improvement of the navigation of the Seine, and the boring of the artesian wells at Grenelle.
ALEXANDRE AUGUSTE LEDRU-ROLLIN (1807-1874), French politician, was the grandson of Nicolas Philippe Ledru, the celebrated quack doctor known as "Comus" under Louis XIV., and was born in a house that was once Scarron's, at Fontenay-aux-Roses (Seine), on the 2nd of February 1807.
See Wagner, Geschichte der Stadt and Herrschaft Schmalkalden (Marburg, 1849); and Wilisch, Schmalkalden and seine Umgebungen (Schmalkalden, 1884).
p. 659; also Migula and Fischer, l.c.; Vejdovsky, " fiber den Kern der Bakterien and seine Teilung," Cent.
After the revolution of 1848 he was elected to the Constituent Assembly for the department of Loiret, and in 1849 to the Legislative Assembly for the department of the Seine.
In 1836 he was named grand chancellor of the Legion of Honour in succession to Marshal Mortier, and in 1838 commander of the National Guards of the Seine, an office which he held till 1842.
While they are in salt water they live singly or in very small companies, but during May (the twaite shad some weeks later) they congregate, and in great numbers ascend large rivers, such as the Severn (and formerly the Thames), the Seine, the Rhine, the Nile, &c., in order to deposit their spawn.
At Elbeuf on the Seine above Rouen there was formerly a hatchery for the artificial propagation of shad.
seine Briefe, 1905).
Strauss, sein Leben and seine Schriften (1901); and T.
See Richard Pahner, Veit Ludwig von Seckendorff and seine Gedanken fiber Erziehung and Unterricht (Leipzig, 1892), the best sketch of Seckendorf's life, based upon original sources.
She was replaced by a young Burgundian lady, Odette de Champdivers, called by her contemporaries la petite seine, who rescued the king from the state of neglect into which he had fallen.
Schafer, Demosthenes and seine Zeit (1885).
AUMALE, a town of northern France, in the department of Seine - Inferieure, on the left bank of the Bresle, 47 m.
Cronthal, Die Stadt Wiirzburg im Bauernkriege (Wiirzburg, 1887); Heffner, Wiirzburg and seine Umgebungen (Wiirzburg, 1871); Beckmann, Fiihrer durch Wiirzburg (1906); and Hollander and Hessler, Malerisches aus Alt-Wiirzburg (Wiirzburg, 1898).
von Erckert, Der Kaukasus and seine Volker (Leipzig, 1887); E.
Talysch and seine Bewohner (Leipzig, 1886), Die Fauna and Flora des sudwestlichen Kaspigebiets (Leipzig, 1886), Karabagh (Gotha, 1890), and Aus den daghestanischen Hochalpen (Gotha, 1887); and Count J.
117 to Petermanns Mitteilungen), and " Das Ostufer des Pontus and seine kulturelle Entwickelung im Verlaufe der letzten 30 Jahre " (Erganzungsheft No.
He was elected deputy by the department of the Seine in 1871, and was one of the most obstinate opponents of the terms of peace between France and Germany.
Springer, Die klassischen Statten von Jena and Ilmenau (Berlin, 1869); Pasig, Goethe and Ilmenau (2nd ed., Weimar, 1902); and Fils, Bad Ilmenau and seine Umgebung(Hildburghausen, 1886).
Briare, the Brivodorum of the Romans, is situated at the extremity of the Canal of Briare, which unites the Loire and its lateral canal with the Loing and so with the Seine.
Lietzmann, Apollinaris von Laodicea and seine Schule (Tubingen, 1905).
The lordship of Etampes, in what is now the department of Seine et Oise in France, belonged to the royal domain, but was detached from it on several occasions in favour of princes, or kings' favourites.
Lbwig (1803-1890) in Das Brom and seine chemischen Verhaltnisse (1829).
His hereditary republicanism recommended him to the government of national defence, by which he was entrusted in 1870 with the task of organizing resistance in the departments of the Eure, Calvados and Seine Inferieure, and made prefect of the last named in January 1871.
Kessel, "St Veit, seine Geschichte, Verehrung and bildliche Darstellungen," in Jahrbiicher des Vereins von Alterthumsfreunden im Rheinlande (1867), pp. 152-83.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.