The idea of ritual scarification sends chills down the spine of many people, but for others it represents a closeness to God, an expression of their identity or a connection to their ancestors, and even pleasure.
Practices today include those used in tribal scarification including branding, packing and cutting, as well as more modern techniques including the use of tattoo guns without ink and chemical scarification.
Yes, people really do choose to tattoo their faces, have jewelry inserted in their tongues, hands and genitals, submit to branding and other forms of scarification and even have body parts removed.
Scar tissue may be more visible on darker skin tones than tattoos, and the cutting process may release endorphins that lead the person undergoing the scarification to feel peaceful or euphoric.
Tattooing has been practiced in most parts of the world, although it is rare among people with darker skins, such as those of Africa, who more often practice scarification and cicatrisation.
In primitive civilizations, reasons for tribal body scarification included religious ritualism, rites of passage like marriage or creating offspring and documentation of great achievements.
Where it was once possible to see nearly all members of a tribe marked with some form of scarification, it's now more common to find only older tribal members with extensive scarring.
Ritual scarification, a more extreme form of body modification, has been used for hundreds of years around the world for many reasons from community status to a connection to God.
This is one of the harshest methods of scarification and is also very uneven making the final result look more like an accident than something done for the sake of art.
Possibly the flesh was boiled off the bones at once ("scarification"), or left to rot in separate cists awhile; afterwards the skeletons were collected and the cists re-used.