If, however, a solution be cooled slowly past its saturation point with no solid present, crystallization does not occur till some lower temperature is reached.
These saturation capacities were assidu- valency.
The positions of springs are determined by permeable depressions in the surface of the ground below the general level of saturation, and frequently also by the holding up of that level locally by comparatively impermeable strata, sometimes combined with a fault or a synclinal fold of the strata, forming the more permeable portion into an underground basin or channel lying within comparatively impermeable boundaries.
The decrease is most marked as saturation approaches.
If the solution of a solid more soluble when hot be cooled below the saturation point, the whole of the solid sometimes remains in solution.
There appears to be no definite limit to the value to which the induction B may be raised, but the magnetization I attains a true saturation value under magnetizing forces which are in most cases comparatively moderate.
The heat evolved in this process may be represented by s"(o' - o"), where s" is the specific heat of the substance in the second state at saturation pressure.
When the saturation value of I has been reached, the relation of magnetic induction to magnetic force may be expressed by B = H +constant.
In all the literary work which has been mentioned, the originality and freshness of the French genius are no less conspicuous than its saturation with the new learning and with Italian studies.
There is no serious difficulty in so constructing walls of this kind as to be practically water-tight while they remain unbroken; but owing to the settlement of the earthen embankments and the changing level of saturation they are undoubtedly subject to irregular stresses which cannot be calculated, and under which, speaking generally, plastic materials are much safer.
If a crystal of the solid be added, the condition of supersaturation is destroyed, and the ordinary equilibrium of saturation is reached by precipitation of solid from solution.
When the temperature has fallen about 10° C. below this point of saturation, a dense shower of new crystals appear suddenly.
In the former case it is often difficult to obtain the brine at a density even approaching saturation, and chambers and galleries are sometimes excavated within the saliferous beds to increase the dissolving surface, and water let down fresh is pumped up as brine.
To find the border curve of equilibrium between the two states, giving the saturation pressure as a function of the temperature, we have merely to equate the values of G and G".
The Most Important Cases Are, The Specific Heats (I) At Constant Volume; (2) At Constant Pressure; (3) At Saturation Pressure In The Case Of A Liquid Or Vapour.
The mean sea-level is shown by the horizontal line aa, dotted where it passes through the land, and the natural mean level of saturation bb, above the sea-level, by a curved dot and dash line.
For small supplies such a well may be perfectly successful; but however small the quantity drawn, it must obviously have the effect of diminishing the volume of fresh water, which contributes to the maintenance of the level of saturation above the sea-level; and with further pumping the fresh water would be so far drawn upon that the mean level of saturation would sink, first to a curved figure - a cone of depression - such as that represented by the new level of saturation dd, and later to the figure represented by the lines ee, in which the level of saturation has everywhere been drawn below the mean sea-level.
This corresponds to the second stage of magnetization, in which the susceptibility is large and permanent magnetization is set up. A still stronger magnetizing force has little effect except in causing the direction of the needles to approach still more nearly to that of the field; if the force were infinite, every member of the group ‘ would have exactly the same direction and the greatest possible resultant moment would be reached; this illustrates " magnetic saturation " - the condition approached in the third stage of magnetization.
Perceiving a molecular isonomy between them and the inorganic compounds of the metals from which they may be formed, he saw their true molecular type in the oxygen, sulphur or chlorine compounds of those metals, from which he held them to be derived by the substitution of an organic group for the oxygen, sulphur, &c. In this way they enabled him to overthrow the theory of conjugate compounds, and they further led him in 1852 to publish the conception that the atoms of each elementary substance have a definite saturation capacity, so that they can only combine with a certain limited number of the atoms of other elements.
The thorough saturation of the narrow space with aqueous vapour, and the presence of drain water in the cutting, were probably their chief preservatives - assisted by the high even temperature always found in the deeper headings of coal mines, and by the enormous compression of the confined air.
As desulphurizing seems to need the direct and energetic action of carbon on the molten iron itself, and as molten iron absorbs carbon most greedily, it is hard to see how the blast-furnace is to desulphurize without carburizing almost to saturation, i.e.
In England the cluster-pine has been largely planted on sandy districts near the sea, and has become naturalized in Purbeck and other wild tracts in the southern counties, but the summer heat is too small to permit of its resinous products acquiring any value; the soft coarse wood, though perishable in the natural state, has been used for railway sleepers after saturation with creosote or preservative solutions.
The processes of soap manufacture may be classified (a) according to the temperatures employed into (I) cold processes and (2) boiling processes, or (b) according to the nature of the starting material - acid or oil and fat - and the relative amount of alkali, into (1) direct saturation of the fatty acid with alkali, (2) treating the fat with a definite amount of alkali with no removal of unused lye, (3) treating the fat with an indefinite amount of alkali, also with no separation of unused lye, (4) treating the fat with an indefinite amount of alkali with separation of waste lye.
According to this theory, an element in a compound had a definite saturation capacity, an idea very old in itself, being framed in the law of multiple proportions.
This value of B corresponds to I =1640, the saturation point for soft iron.
The annexed table gives the saturation values of I for the particular metals examined by Ewing and Low: Wrought iron .
It is shown in the paper that the greatest possible force which the isthmus method can apply at a point in the axis of the bobbin is F = 11, 137 I, log i n b/a, I, being the saturation value of the magnet pores, a the radius of the neck on which the cones converge, and b the radius of the bases of the cones.
According to Joule's observations, the length of a bar of iron or soft steel was increased by magnetization, the elongation being proportional up to a certain point to the square of the intensity of magnetization; but when the " saturation point " was approached the elongation was less than this law would require, and a stage was finally reached at which further increase of the magnetizing force produced little or no effect upon the length.
The metal, having first been uniformly tempered glasshard, should be annealed in steam at loo° C. for twenty or thirty hours; it should then be magnetized to saturation, and finally " aged " by a second immersion in steam for about five hours.
The magnetization curve was found to be of the same general form as that of a paramagnetic metal, and gave indications that with a sufficient force magnetic saturation would probably be attained.
Potassium at temperatures from 200 to 400°C. occludes hydrogen gas, the highest degree of saturation corresponding approximately to the formula K 2 H.
Between the saturation point and this lower temperature, the liquid holds in solution more of the solute than corresponds with equilibrium, and is said to be supersaturated.
A familiar example is to be found in solutions of sodium sulphate, which may be cooled much below their saturation point and kept in the liquid state till a crystal of the hydrate Na 2 SO 4 IoH 2 O is dropped in, when solidification occurs with a large evolution of latent heat.
The brilliant researches of Frankland on the organo-metallic compounds, and his consequent doctrine of saturation capacity or valency of elements and radicals, relieved Kolbe's views of all obscurity.
Saturation Value of I.
3, the heat absorbed in raising the temperature to 0' and the pressure to p without change of state may be written s' (o' - o"), where s' is the specific heat of the substance in the first state at saturation pressure.
The total heat of the saturated vapour at any temperature is usually defined as the quantity of heat required to raise unit mass of the liquid from any convenient zero up to the temperature considered, and then to evaporate it at that temperature under the constant pressure of saturation.
The values of the specific heat in the next column are calculated for a constant pressure equal to that of saturation by formula (16) to illustrate the increase of the specific heat with rise of pressure.
Aphraates impresses a reader favourably by his moral earnestness, his guilelessness, his moderation in controversy, the simplicity of his style and language, his saturation with the ideas and words of Scripture.
Any such level is commonly known as the level of saturation.
It would conceivably take but a small fraction of the period that has in most cases elapsed since such upheavals occurred for the salt water to be thus displaced by fresh water, and for the condition to be attained as regards saturation with fresh water, in which with few exceptions we now find the porous portions of the earth's crust wherever the rainfall exceeds the evaporation.
arterial oxygen saturation of 90% .
Chroma The degree of saturation of a particular color low chroma The degree of saturation of a particular color low chroma means a pastel color, high chroma means a saturated color.
hydrate saturation in the well-constrained volume of the velocity model is estimated to be 2.2% .
Jugular venous bulb saturation is the oxygen saturation of venous blood in the jugular venous bulb saturation is the oxygen saturation of venous blood in the jugular bulb which is at the base of the skull.
Using this technique in combination with another mutagenesis method called saturation mutagenesis the ee value has been improved to more than 90 per cent.
In the study, a team of Belfast researchers measured oxygen saturation levels - the amount of oxygen saturation levels - the amount of oxygen carried in the blood.
saturation of the color in the backgrounds is almost like the color of the air around the person.
The saturation Control The saturation control lets you globally increase or decrease the color saturation of the image.
In terms of environmental capacity, all these routes are reaching saturation.
Additionally the scale of SRC has to be considered to avoid saturation of the landscape by monotonous planting.
Standard practice is to titrate the FIO 2 to an arterial oxygen saturation of 90% .
The venous oxygen saturation measures what percentage of hemoglobin in the vein is carrying oxygen.
This form of activity is characterized by a high degree of discursive saturation.
Thus the shades of maximum saturation are on the outside of the solid.
saturation magnetization may also be significant.
saturation bombing runs tend to lower local property values.
saturation vapor pressure is equal to the actual vapor pressure of the air.
saturation diving had to be done.
saturation diver in 1981.
saturation coverage is not what poetry is seeking.
Iron overload can be detected by measuring serum ferritin and fasting transferrin saturation.
An oxygen saturation level of below 95% requires detailed analysis.
The mean hydrate saturation in the well-constrained volume of the velocity model is estimated to be 2.2% .
I understand plasma TVs are able to produce better color saturation than LCD TVs.
The limits take into consideration nitrogen saturation of lipid tissues.
There are five levels which can be chosen for general color saturation.
saturation bombing by aerial raids launched from Thailand and from within Laos.
Most European markets may have reached saturation point but Russia, indisputably, has not.
In contrast, when the saturation falls below 90 %, the oxygen tension will fall rapidly with falls in oxygen saturation.
vapourtually a temperature will be reached where the saturation vapor pressure is equal to the actual vapor pressure of the air.
washed-out look with reduced color saturation.
Holfmann, from observations on the amplitude of saturation currents, deduce q =4 as a mean value.
The metal, having first been uniformly tempered glasshard, should be annealed in steam at looÃ‚° C. for twenty or thirty hours; it should then be magnetized to saturation, and finally " aged " by a second immersion in steam for about five hours.
Experiments show that pure cultures, when mixed with garden soil constantly moistened short of saturation and kept in the dark at a temperature of 14Ã‚° C., will retain their vitality for more than ten months; from moist soil kept at 26Ã‚° C. they die out in about two months; from moist soil at 30Ã‚° C. in seventeen days; and in dry soil at the same temperature within a week.
The core of the electromagnet is worked at a point far below magnetic saturation (see Magnetism); hence the field is nearly proportional to the square of the current, and the resistance offered to the rotating mercury by the friction against the sides of the cavity is nearly proportional to the square of the speed.
Potassium at temperatures from 200 to 400Ã‚°C. occludes hydrogen gas, the highest degree of saturation corresponding approximately to the formula K 2 H.
When the temperature has fallen about 10Ã‚° C. below this point of saturation, a dense shower of new crystals appear suddenly.
The saturation of the color in the backgrounds is almost like the color of the air around the person.
The Saturation Control The saturation control lets you globally increase or decrease the color saturation of the image.
Where the material is used to generate a magnetic field or to create a force then the saturation magnetization may also be significant.
Cons: Low level saturation bombing runs tend to lower local property values.
Eventually a temperature will be reached where the saturation vapor pressure is equal to the actual vapor pressure of the air.
To excavate the ship properly, saturation diving had to be done.
I trained with him as a saturation diver in 1981.
Advertising touches more people than poetry, yet surely such saturation coverage is not what poetry is seeking.
Because of the Ho Chi Minh Trail, Laos was subjected to saturation bombing by aerial raids launched from Thailand and from within Laos.
In addition, saturation currents have a built-in temperature dependence.
Excessive brightness can result in a two-dimensional, washed-out look with reduced color saturation.
Just remember to keep your accent colors in the same saturation or depth of color, to help keep them from getting lost.
It's fine to introduce other colors into the room as well, but make sure they are either complementary to the colors in the painting, or they maintain the same hue and saturation.
There are several reasons for this desirability, but the foremost is the color saturation quality of the fiber.
Keep all the colors that follow in the same color family or saturation to help the room open up visually.
Again, keep the saturation of all accent colors in line with the initial section, but feel free to introduce cooler accents as a contrast.
To begin, think about a saturation of color.
This speaker is a great option for boaters and beach-goers, as it is waterproof for up to five minutes of saturation.
One of the often overlooked action photography tips involves color saturation.
Super orthopedic dog beds provide outstanding support with completely waterproof outer shells that protect the foam layer beneath from urine saturation.
The saturation of colors, the walk through from room-to-room and the exterior should work together to form one, cohesive design.
OHS patients experience low oxygen saturation levels during the day and the night because of shallow breathing (hyperventilation) often related to obesity.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatments at night can help decrease the levels of carbon dioxide in the blood while increasing oxygen saturation.
An oxygen saturation test on a person with hypopnea indicates that insufficient oxygen is reaching the person's tissues.
An oximeter measures oxygen saturation, and some models also measure heart rate.
In addition to measuring iron itself (Fe) and total iron-binding capacity (TIBC), transferrin and transferrin saturation tests may be performed to evaluate iron metabolism.
It is important to note that people with red/green or blue varieties of color blindness use other cues such as color saturation and object shape or location to distinguish colors.
Saturation is when precipitation falls from the sky and ends up on land, where it either soaks into the earth or runs over the soil and back into the oceans or lakes.
This activity will help teach saturation.
The University of Richmond website provides a list of interesting facts about the water cycle and an animated illustration to teach children about precipitation, evaporation, condensation, and saturation.
The XD Skin line dries faster, has a 2-hour water saturation time, releases water faster, has great stretch and is chlorine resistant.
Therefore, a triple scented candle contains 1.5 ounces of fragrance per pound of wax, or 9% saturation.
Once you've experimented with several tattoo dyes and inks, you may find that your favor one brand over the other due to consistency and pureness of the color saturation.
Other features include helium escape valve for saturation diving, a soft iron secondary inner case to protect the movement from magnetism, and two shock resistant safety systems.
Three years later, a professional diver from Hiroshima contacted Seiko requesting a watch that could withstand the tremendous pressures and stresses of saturation dives to 350 meters.
During the years that followed, Seiko worked to address the problems that accompany both saturation dives and shallow dives, taking pride in every timepiece that made it past the stringent criteria of the world's best watchmakers.
The growing popularity of extreme water sports and saturation diving ensures a lasting place for Seiko divers watches.
Saturation refers to the amount of black, white, or gray added to a pure color.
Then, add a complementary color or a color of the same saturation that's not complementary.
A higher concentration of hydrogen results in a greater degree of saturation.
The adventurous spokesperson for this insurance company has gained some popularity with the saturation of advertisements online and on television.
I change the 'hue' of the image using the 'hue, saturation and contrast' tool from the 'image adjustments' pulldown.
4282 t +0 0074527 t20.0000-5494 t3 Cl(o 2149 - o o07117 / 2 +0.0000931 13) In the case of ocean water with a salinity of 35 per mille, this gives for saturation with atmospheric gases in cc. per litre: The reduction of the absorption of gas by rise of temperature is thus seen to be considerable.
If a solution of a salt be stirred as it cools in an open vessel, a thin shower of crystals appears at or about the saturation temperature.
Experiments show that pure cultures, when mixed with garden soil constantly moistened short of saturation and kept in the dark at a temperature of 14° C., will retain their vitality for more than ten months; from moist soil kept at 26° C. they die out in about two months; from moist soil at 30° C. in seventeen days; and in dry soil at the same temperature within a week.
The rainfall is not great, only about 20 in., but the mean humidity for the year is 80, saturation being ioo.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.