Wharton Anglia Sacra, i.
The island between the two arms acquired the name of Insula Sacra (still called Isola Sacra) by which Procopius mentions it.
His ritual and mysteries (Sacra Savadia) gained a firm footing in Rome during the 2nd century A.D., although as early as 139 B.C. the first Jews who settled in the capital were expelled by virtue of a law which proscribed the propagation of the cult of Jupiter Sabazius.
It was a solemn feast attended only by members of one clan, at which those who had quarrelled were at the sacrament of the table (apud sacra mensae) reconciled.
National sacra and the ceremonial requirements were made to assume a secondary role or were even ignored.'
The centre of gravity in Hebrew religion was shifted from ceremonial observance and local sacra to righteous conduct.
He left his theological impress on the Bibliotheca sacra, which he and Bela B.
Dr Park's sermon, "The Theology of the Intellect and that of the Feelings," delivered in 1850 before the convention of the Congregational ministers of Massachusetts, and published in the Bibliotheca sacra of July 1850, was the cause of a long and bitter controversy, metaphysical rather than doctrinal, with Charles Hodge.
Mention should also be made of the valuable Onomastica sacra (1870; 2nd ed., 1887).
The chief authority for the bishop's life is William de Chambre (printed in Wharton's Anglia Sacra, 1691, and in Historiae Dunelmensis scriptores tres, Surtees Soc. 1839), who describes him as an amiable and excellent man, charitable in his diocese, and the liberal patron of many learned men, among these being Thomas Bradwardine, afterwards archbishop of Canterbury, Richard Fitzralph, afterwards archbishop of Armagh, the enemy of the mendicant orders, Walter Burley, who translated Aristotle, John Mauduit the astronomer, Robert Holkot and Richard de Kilvington.
His Libertes de l'eglise gallicane (1594) is reprinted in his Opera sacra juridica his orica miscellanea collecta (1609).
The definition of the Council of Trent was intended both to enforce the accepted Catholic position and to exclude the teaching of Luther, who, whilst not professing to be certain whether the "substance" of the Bread and Wine could or could not be said to remain, exclaimed against the intolerance of the Roman Catholic Church in defining the question.6 For a full and recent exposition of the Catholic teaching on Transubstantiation the reader may consult De ecclesiae sacra mentis, auctore Ludovico Billot, S.J.
Under the editorship of a professor emeritus is published the Bibliotheca Sacra, a quarterly founded in 1843, and for many years the organ of the Andover Theological Seminary.
All new discoveries made by the active Commissione di archeologia sacra are chronicled with as little delay as possible in the Nuovo Bulletino de archeologia cristiana published in Rome.
With certain restrictions the pastoral staff is also sometimes conceded to dignitaries of cathedral and collegiate churches, but never to abbesses (Sacra Congreg.
Italy: "Lettres Romaines" in Annales de philosophie chretienne (Paris, January-March 1904), an Italian theologian's fearless defence of Loisy's main New Testament positions; Rev. P. Louis Billot S.J., De sacra traditione (Freiburg i.
Ceriani edited this text from a Milan MS. (Monuments Sacra et Profana, v.
allgemeines historisches Lexikon (Leipzig, 1709 ff.); Historia Ecclesiastica Veteris Testamenti (4 vols., Halle, 1709); Elementa Philosophiae Practicae, Instrumentalis, et Theoreticae (3 vols., 1697); Selecta Juris Naturae et Gentium (Halle, 1704); Miscellanea Sacra (3 vols., Jena, 1727); and Isagoge Historico-Theologica ad Theologiam Universam, singulasque ejus pales (2 vols., 1727).
Beside the works already mentioned, his papers included: "Architectonica Sacra," notes on ecclesiastical antiquities; and "Life of Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury," which served as the basis of Dr Blackburn's Latin life, and also of Wood's account.
He was also known as the author of sacred poems. Gottfried Arnold has rightly been classed with the pietistic section of Protestant historians (Bibliotheca Sacra, 1850).
- This book was lost for many centuries till a large fragment of it was discovered and published by Ceriani in 1861 (Monuments Sacra, I.
It is not a vestis sacra, and cannot therefore be used as a substitute for the surplice, e.g.
Die Bischofe von Passau (Passau, 1844); and Schrodl, Passavia sacra.
Current religious quarterlies are the Chicago American Journal of Theology and the Oberlin Bibliotheca Sacra.
1 Compare the critical edition of these two works in Lagarde's Onomastica sacra (Gotting.
The bishopric of Malta is referred to by Rocco Pirro (Sicilia sacra), and by Gregory the Great (Epist.
Day, appeared in the Bibliotheca Sacra and American Biblical Repository, Nos.
His second important work, Critica Sacra, was distasteful from a theological point of view.
Cappel was also the author of Annotationes et Commentarii in Vetus Testamentum, Chronologia Sacra, and other biblical works, as well as of several other treatises on Hebrew, among which are the Arcanum Punctuationis revelatum (1624) and the Diatriba de veris et antiquis Ebraeorum literis (1645).
Biblia Sacra ex Santis Pagnini tralatione.
Less noteworthy are Eadmer's lives of St Dunstan, St Bregwin, archbishop of Canterbury, and St Oswald, archbishop of York; these are all printed in Henry Wharton's Anglia Sacra, part ii.
They had a temple and altar on the Via Sacra, near the Palatine, and were represented on coins as young men wearing the chlamys, carrying lances, seated, with a dog, the emblem of watchfulness, at their feet.
These are published in the second volume of Gerbert's Scriptores ecclesiastici de musica sacra.
About the same time Sulpicius Severus wrote his Historia Sacra, covering both biblical and Christian history.
en France depuis son origine (19 vols., Paris, 1862-1873); Ughelli, Italia sacra (lo vols., Venice, 1717-1722); P. Gams, Kirchengeschichte von Spanien (5 vols., Regensburg, 1862-1879); H.
The year of the publication of Astruc's book saw also the publication of Bishop Lowth's De sacra poesi Hebraeorum: later.
De sacra coena Domini) runs as follows: " That it may be more rightly and clearly understood how the flesh and blood of Christ can be food and drink of the faithful, and be received by them unto eternal life, let us add these few remarks.
To lack such care and tendance was - along with want of regular burial - the most dreadful fate that could overtake an ancient; and a Roman, like a Hindu, in case he was childless, adopted a male child whose duty it would be, as if his own son, to continue after his death the family rites or sacra.
The due performance of funeral rites re-created the blood tie and renewed the kinship of living and dead at the moment when death seemed specially to endanger it by removal of that representative of the household whose special duty it had been to keep up the family sacra.
Cosimo and Damiano, near the Via Sacra.
(1) The Holy Inquisition, Roman and universal, or Holy Office (Sacra Congregatio Romanae et universalis Inquisitionis seu Sancti O f cii), the first of the Congregations, hence called the supreme.
(4) The Congregation of the Apostolic Visitation (Sacra Congregatio Visitationis apostolicae).
(5) The Congregation on the discipline of the sacraments (Sacra Congregatio de Disciplina Sacramentorum), established by Pius X., thus comes to occupy the third rank.
(6) The Congregation of the Bishops and Regulars, of which the full official title was, Congregation for the Affairs and Consultations of the Bishops and Regulars (Sacra Congregatio super negotiis Episcoporum et Regularium; now Sacra Congregatio negotiis religiosorum sodalium praeposita).
(7) The Congregation of the Council (Sacra Congregatio Cardinalium Concilii Tridentini interpretum), i.e.
The Congregation of Immunity (Sacra Congregatio Jurisdictionis et Immunitatis ecclesiasticae) was created by Urban VIII.
(8) The Congregation of the Propaganda (Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda Fide) was established by Gregory XV.
(I I) The Ceremonial Congregation (Sacra Congregatio caeremonialis), the prefect of which is the cardinal dean, was instituted by Sixtus V.; its mission is to settle mania/.
(13) The Congregation of the Fabric of St Peter's (Sacra Congregatio reverendae Fabricae S.
(r5) The Congregation for extraordinary ecclesiastical affairs (Sacra Congregatio super negotiis ecclesiasticas extraordinariis), established by Pius VI.
(I) The Penitentiary (Sacra poenitentiaria Apostolica) is the tribunal having exclusive jurisdiction in matters of conscience (in foro interno), e.g.
(2) The court of the Rota (Sacra Rota Romana) used to be the supreme ecclesiastical tribunal for civil affairs, and its decisions had great authority.
Some of their powers of legislation and administration they possess motu proprio in virtue of their position as diocesan bishops, others they enjoy under special faculties granted by the Holy See; but all bishops are bound, by an oath taken at the time of their consecration, to go to Rome at fixed intervals (visitare sacra limina apostolorum) to report in person, and in writing, on the state of their dioceses.
Roman missions are carried on both by missionary societies and by religious orders, all under the supreme direction of the pope, and also more or less under the general supervision of the Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda Fide at Rome since its foundation by Gregory XV.
Gradens., in Ughelli, Italia sacra, torn.
Since 1884 the Italian Government have been systematically enclosing, pumping dry, and generally draining the marshes of the Agro Romano, that is, the tracts around Ostia; the Isola Sacra, at the mouth of the Tiber; and Maccarese.
Pitra, Analecta Sacra, i.
But Greek worship went on; at Messina it lingered till the 15th century (Pirro, Sicilia sacra, i.
He also founded (in 1833) and edited the American Quarterly Observer; in 1836-1841 edited the Biblical Repository (after 1837 called the American Biblical Repository) with which the Observer was merged in 1835; and was editor-in-chief of the Bibliotheca Sacra from 1844 to 1851.
Another well-known work is the Sacra parallela, a collection of biblical passages followed by illustrations drawn from other scriptural sources and from the fathers.
This book was lost for many centuries till a large fragment of it was discovered and published by Ceriani in 1861 (Monuments sacra I.
- Editions of the Latin text: Ceriani Monumenta sacra et profana, I.
Neubauer, La geographic du Talmud (1868); P. de Lagarde, Onomastica sacra (1870); E.
the article on "The Tubingen Historical School," in Bibliotheca Sacra, vol.
A commentary on the Opuscula sacra of Boetius is attributed to him and edited by E.
In 1646 he published his Phaleg and Chanaan (Caen, 1646 and 1651), the two parts of his Geographia Sacra.
Posthumous publications: Village Sermons on the Baptismal Service (1868); Miscellaneous Poems (1869); Letters of Spiritual Counsel (1870); Sermons for the Christian Year, &c. (ii vols., 1875-1880); Occasional Papers and Reviews (1877); Studia Sacra (1877); Outlines of Instruction or Meditation (1880).
Fullerton, Bibliotheca sacra, 1906, pp. 577-634, A.
Crawley in The Tree of Life, 209, where he points out that " neither the Greek nor the Latin language has any comprehensive term for religion, except in the one teat, and in the other sacra, words which are equivalent to ` sacred.'
in scribenda historia sacra usi sunt (GÃ¶ttingen, 1825); Stdudlin, Gesch.
Wharton in the second volume of his Anglia sacra (London, 1691) gives considerable portions of a life of Wulfstan which is an amplified translation of an AngloSaxon biography.
Jerome had marked it out; Sulpicius Severus, the biographer of St Martin, in his Historia sacra, adorned it with the attractions of romance.
From an early age he had studied theology and produced numerous compilations, the most important being the Critica Sacra, containing Observations on all the Radices of the Hebrew Words of the Old and the Greek of the New Testament (1639-1644; new ed., with supplement, 1662), for which the author received the thanks of the Westminster Assembly, to whom it was dedicated.
In 1774 he published two volumes De cantu et musica sacra; in 1 777, Monumenta veteris liturgiae Alemannicae; and in 1784, in three volumes, Scriptores ecclesiastici de musica sacra, a collection of the principal writers on church music from the 3rd century till the invention of printing.
This theory makes a fundamental distinction between the supreme jurisdiction in ecclesiastical matters (Kirchenhoheit or jus circa sacra), which it conceives as inherent in the power of the state in respect of every religious communion, and the ecclesiastical power (Kirchengewalt or jus in sacra) inherent in the church, but in some cases vested in the state by tacit or expressed consent of the ecclesiastical body.
His principal work, Philologia sacra (1623), marks the transition from the earlier views on questions of biblical criticism to those of the school of Spener.
The Bibliotheca Sacra, founded in 1843 by Edward Robinson and in 1844 taken over by Professors Bela B.
Wharton's Anglia sacra (1691).
The pseudo-classicism of the period of Marietta's foundation is indicated by the names - Capitolium for one of the public squares, Sacra Via for one of the principal streets, and Campus Martius for the fortification.
quoad civilia et sacra) and parishes quoad sacra - civilia being such matters as church rates, education, poor law and sanitary purposes, and sacra being such as concern the administration of church ordinances, and fall under the cognizance of the church courts.
(2) Quoad Sacra Parishes.
- The ecclesiastical or quoad sacra parish is a modern creation.
Under Graham's Act, above mentioned, a parish may be disjoined and erected quoad sacra tantum on the application of persons who have built and endowed a church, and who offer securities for its proper maintenance.
By the Education Act of 1872 the quoad sacra parish was adopted as a separate school district.
Ughellus, Italia sacra, tom.
Of this he published a Latin translation in 1866 (Monumenta Sacra, I.
sacrumKnock congregation began with the Parliamentary Church built at Knock in 1829, with the charge being declared quoad sacra in 1833.
sacrume is no independent support for reconstructing nomina sacra of IS or IH.
sacrumchapel, with a certain district was erected into a quoad sacra parish by the Court of Teinds 17th July 1867.
sacrumow quoad sacra church, containing 800 sittings, was built in 1876-77 at a cost considerably exceeding the estimate, £ 4000.
sacrumANE (Q.S.). [Erected into a parish quoad sacra 30th Oct. 1903.
The religion of Yahweh was no longer to rest upon the narrow perishable basis of locality and national sacra, but on the broad adamantine foundations of a universal divine sovereignty over all mankind and of righteousness as the essential element in the character of Yahweh and in his claims on man.
Properly speaking, the individual was related to God only through the externalities of the clan or tribal life, its common temple and its common sacra.
The collected edition of St Columban's writings was published by Patrick Fleming in his Collectanea sacra Hiberni (Louvain, 1667), and reproduced by Migne, p. 4, vol.
The identity of !Ethic the grammarian with IElfric archbishop of York was also discussed by Henry Wharton, in Anglia Sacra (1691, vol.
The American Biblical Respository (1831-1850), a quarterly, was united with the Andover Bibliotheca Sacra (1843) and with the Theological Eclectic (1865).
In Thomas Thomas has his own technical name - doctrine (sing.) or rather sacra doctrina; and this expression holds its ground, though the usage of Abelard, Theologia, was destined to an even more important place (see Theology).
Here again we may single out Capellus as a pioneer in criticism, in his Critica sacra sive de variis quae sacris V.
still regarded as one of the clearest and most suggestive expositions of the so-called "federal" theology); Diatribe de septem epistolarum apocalypticarum sensu historico ac prophetico (Franeker, 1678); Exercitationes sacrae in symbolum quod apostolorum dicitur et in orationem Dominicam (Franeker, 1681); Miscellanea sacra (Utrecht,.
(2) The Consistorial Congregation (Sacra Congregatio Consistorialis), established by Sixtus V., has as its object the preparation of business to be dealt with and decided in secret consistory; notably promotions to cathedral churches and consistorial benefices, the erection of dioceses, &c. To this congregation is also subject the administration of the common property of the college of cardinals.
(12) The Congregation of Indulgences and Relics (Sacra Congregatio Indulgentiarum et Sacrarum Reliquiarum), founded in 1669 by Clement IX., devoted itself to eradicating any abuses which might creep into the practice of indulgences and the cult of relics.
See the particulars collected in Denison's "Notice of the Author" prefixed to De sacra eucharistic. (A.
The chief are De historia sacra patriarcharum exercitationes selectae (1667-1671); Dissertatio de Peregrinationibus religiosis (1670); De ratione studiorum, opuscula aurea, &c. (1670); Historia papatus (1684; under the name Nicander von Hohenegg); Manuductio in viam concordiae Protestantium ecclesiasticae (1686); Tumulus concilii Tridentini (1690); Exercitationes biblicae (1700), with a life of the author prefixed; Corpus theologiae Christianae (1700, edited by J.
C. Cochran, "Early Life and Military Services of General Jacob Dolson Cox," in Bibliotheca Sacra, vol.
in scribenda historia sacra usi sunt (GÃƒ¶ttingen, 1825); Stdudlin, Gesch.
This was found in the so-called "collegial" theory of Church government (Kollegialsystem), which assumed a sort of tacit concordat between the state and the religious community, by which the latter vests in the former the right to exercise a certain part of the jus in sacra properly inherent in the Church (see Pufendorf, Samuel).
The Knock congregation began with the Parliamentary Church built at Knock in 1829, with the charge being declared quoad sacra in 1833.
There is no independent support for reconstructing nomina sacra of IS or IH.
The chapel, with a certain district was erected into a quoad sacra parish by the Court of Teinds 17th July 1867.
Cadzow quoad sacra church, containing 800 sittings, was built in 1876-77 at a cost considerably exceeding the estimate, £ 4000.
GULLANE (Q.S.). [Erected into a parish quoad sacra 30th Oct. 1903.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.