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rural

rural

rural Sentence Examples

  • Pop. including a large rural district and several villages (1890), 31,498; (1908, estimate), 33,000.

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  • In 1905 the institute took up the work of rural school extension.

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  • Howie spotted Cummings picking up Jennie Lohr as she hitchhiked to town from her rural Kansas farm.

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  • Until I was ten years old, my family lived in rural east Texas.

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  • She had not been reported missing because her mother lay dead in their small rural farm house over a hundred miles away.

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  • The nobles from this time forward retired into the country and the mountains, fortified themselves in strong places outside the cities, and gave their best attention to fostering the rural population.

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  • Subdivisions may be, and often are, named according to the particular duties to which they are assigned, as la police politique, police des mceurs, police sanitaire, &c. The officers of the judicial police comprise the juge de paix (equivalent to the English police magistrate), the maire, the commissaire de police, the gendarmerie and, in rural districts, the gardes champtres and the gardes forestiers.

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  • One incident was an obvious abduction in rural Delaware that occurred overnight.

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  • o), while the rural schools are not buildings adapted for their purpose.

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  • The rural population live for the most part in villages, not as a rule scattered about the country.

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  • Betsy lined up two likely abductions and she was anxious to get started, Quinn had already performed his part, setting his apparatus appropriately for a rural Iowa location where a twelve year old boy had gone missing.

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  • This measure, which was endorsed by the third Duma in an act passed on the 21st of December 1908, is calculated to have far-reaching and profound effects upon the rural economy of Russia.

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  • The priests of the Greek Church, on whom the rural population depend for instruction, are often deplorably ignorant.

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  • He could talk about rural economy with the count, fashions with the countess and Natasha, and about albums and fancywork with Sonya.

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  • The couple had recently moved back to Fairhaven, in rural New England, after years away.

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  • In rural areas, first responders were often neighbors, which was the fortunate case with them.

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  • On to rural America where the pickings are as fertile as the country side and there's always a trusting little soul willing to help a stranger.

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  • In the rural areas, there was less concern with traffic, although an occasional farm dog forced him to practice his sprints.

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  • The lay subjects of the Order consisted of two classes; on the one hand there were the conquered Prussians, in a position of serfdom, bound in time of war to serve with the brethren in foreign expeditions; on the other hand there were the German immigrants, both urban and rural, along with the free Prussians who had voluntarily submitted and remained faithful.

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  • 259-273) Not only was the area too large and strong to lose its individuality: it was also too rural and too far from the Mediterranean to be romanized as fully and quickly as Narbonensis.

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  • The light jackets came off early as the pair pedaled along, mostly riding side by side since the rural roads carried sparse traf­fic.

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  • On the whole it seems most likely that, while the kernel of the Roman plebs was rural or belonged to the small towns admitted to the Roman franchise, the Attic demos, largely at least, though doubtless not wholly, arose out of the mixed settlers who had come together in the city, answering to the p rotKot of later times.

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  • In 1901, 49,102 families inhabited 48,415 houses, and the proportion of the urban population to the rural was 27.5 to 72.5.

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  • Sofia watched the scenery turn from urban to rural and recognized the roads leading up to Skyline Drive, the scenic route running through the mountains of northern Virginia.

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  • " I take my walk every day through the confusion of a great multitude with as much freedom and quiet as you could find in your rural avenues."

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  • communes, the rural districts and the towns was carefully restricted, and placed to a greater extent under the control of the regular officials.

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  • Even Maria had gone uptown for the parade and festivities, surely a thrill compared to the rural poverty of her homeland.

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  • In suburban and rural districts subscribers are usually served by means of bare wires erected upon wooden or iron poles.

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  • The timber is much used in some rural districts for flooring, and is durable for indoor purposes when protected from dry-rot; it has, like most poplar woods, the property of resisting fire better than other timber.

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  • Holland, Hungary and Switzerland were all early in the field; and Belgium has succeeded, through the instrumentality of the semi-official Societe Nationale de Chemins de Fer Vicinaux, started in 1885, in developing one of the most complete systems of rural railway transport in the world.

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  • The decrease of the disease is a direct result of the efforts made to combat it, in the form of special hospitals or pellagrosarf, economic kitchens, rural bakeries and maize-drying establishments.

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  • A recent form of co-operative credit banks are the Casse Rurali or rural banks, on the Raffeisen system, which lend money to peasants and small proprietors out of capital obtained on credit or by gift.

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  • The population of the municipio in 1890 was 31,523, which includes a large rural district.

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  • These allotments were given over to the rural commune (mir), which was made responsible, as a whole, for the payment of taxes for the allotments.

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  • In 1900 the urban population (in places having 4000 inhabitants or more) was 152,019, or 8% of the total; the semi-urban (in incorporated places having less than 4000 inhabitants) was 186,258 or 9.8% of the total; and the rural (outside of incorporated places) was 1,555,533 or 82.1% of the total.

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  • The noble of the large country, on the other hand, the rural noble, as he commonly will be, is a member of an order, but he is hardly a member of a corporation; he is isolated; he acts apart from the rest of the body and wins powers for himself apart from the rest of the body.

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  • According to the census of 1897 the number of illiterates varied from 89.2 to 44.9% of the population in the rural districts, and from 63.6 to 37.2% in the urban.

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  • But between 1890 and 1900 the urban population increased 56.6% and the semiurban 61-6%, while the rural increased only 10.6%.

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  • The Russians in Turkestan form only about 5% of the total pop., and since most of the rural Mussulman pop. take no part in the voting, the country is governed to all intents and purposes by men elected by the very small proportion of Russians of the lower classes living in the towns.

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  • The large numbers of emigrants, who are drawn chiefly from the rural classes, furnish another proof of poverty.

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  • The first volume was expanded into three volumes, La Gaule romaine (1891), L' Invasion germanique et la fin de l'empire (1891)and La Monarchie franque(1 888), followed by three other volumes, L'Alleu et le domaine rural pendant l'epoque merovingienne (1889), Les Origines du systeme feodal: le benefice et le patronat..

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  • The reformers of the previous reign had sought to make the new local administration (zemstvo) a system of genuine rural self-government and a basis for future parliamentary institutions; these later conservatives transformed it into a mere branch of the ordinary state administration, and took precautions against its ever assuming a political character.

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  • The reformers of the previous reign had sought to make the new local administration (zemstvo) a system of genuine rural self-government and a basis for future parliamentary institutions; these later conservatives transformed it into a mere branch of the ordinary state administration, and took precautions against its ever assuming a political character.

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  • They like the gossiping and bartering at the rural markets and in the larger fairs, which are sometimes held in strikingly picturesque localities.

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  • This rural town is home to hikers, kayakers, fishermen and farmers.

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  • In the rural districts of the northern provinces, the increase in population is much less than in the central provinces, the conditions of life being less favourable.

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  • The urban and rural district roads, covering a much greater mileage and classed as la petite voirie, are maintained chiefly by the communes under the supervision of the Minister of the Interior.

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  • In states such as Wyoming and the Dakotas the population is largely rural, and the deaths by lightning rise in consequence.

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  • Had the expenses of all the small towns and rural communities been included, the total would be in excess of $20 gold, or £4, per capita.

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  • Baron von Richthofen noticed with surprise the number of fine country seats, owned by rich men who had retired from business, scattered over the rural districts.

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  • Baron von Richthofen noticed with surprise the number of fine country seats, owned by rich men who had retired from business, scattered over the rural districts.

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  • Towards the end of the reign of Alexander II., the government, in order to preserve order in the country districts, also created a special class of mounted rural policemen (uryadniki, from uriad, order), who, armed with power to arrest all suspects on the spot, rapidly became the terror of the countryside.

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  • State prohibition had been defeated in 1881 by a vote of 100,000; in 1902 the Anti-Saloon League organized in the state; in 1903 the Watts Law enacted rural prohibition, giving towns local option, under which many of the towns voted " no licence "; and in 1905 severe police regulations were provided for towns in which saloons were licensed.

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  • After his release Wakefield seemed disposed for a while to turn his attention to social questions at home, and produced a tract on the Punishment of Death, with a terribly graphic picture of the condemned sermon in Newgate, and another on incendiarism in the rural districts, with an equally powerful exhibition of the degraded condition of the agricultural labourer.

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  • c. 86 (the " Church Discipline Act ") creates new tribunals; and first a commission of inquiry appointed by the bishop of five persons, of whom the vicar-general, or an archdeacon, or a rural dean of the diocese must be one.

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  • The development of the large cities has induced these banks to turn their attention rather to building enterprise than to mortgages on rural property.

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  • By these measures the counts became citizens, the rural population ceased to rank as serfs, and the Italo-Roman population of the towns absorbed into itself the remnants of Franks, Germans and other foreign stocks.

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  • It's rural and untouched natural scenery make it a prime location for many trying to get away from the big city.

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  • Because of its rural setting, the town is a popular destination for those who enjoy camping, hiking or mountain biking.

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  • Stonington has a bit of a rural atmosphere rolled into a port town that makes it an interesting place to visit.

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  • In the towns the division of labour had proceeded much further than in the rural districts, and there were in existence organized bodies, such as the Gild Merchant and the crafts, whose functions were primarily economic. But one of the most striking characteristics of town life in the middle ages was the manner in which municipal and industrial privileges and responsibilities were interwoven.

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  • 1877), he married in 1837 and lived a rural existence at Bruckberg near Nuremberg,, supported by his wife's share in a small porcelain factory.

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  • In1597-1598a terrible visitation of plague attacked the town, in which, according to an old inscription on the church, 2260 persons perished in Penrith, by which perhaps is meant the rural deanery.

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  • population of incorporated places having less than 4000 inhabitants) increased from 45 8, 0 33 t o 549,74 1, but the rural (i.e.

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  • The county and the township are the units of the rural, the city and the village the units of the urban local The provision for circuit courts was first made in the constitution by an amendment of 1883.

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  • In France, the Code Civil recognizes two such relationships, the letting to hire of houses (bail a loyer) and the letting to farm of rural properties (bail d ferme).

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  • There is in the cotton states a rural population of over 7,000,000, more or less occupied in cottongrowing, and capable, at the low average of ioo lb a day, of picking daily nearly 50o,000 bales.

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  • This stands true for homes within rural areas as well as for homes within the city.

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  • With the advent of the Internet, and advances in computer technologies, the stereotypical image of the rural farm is no longer accurate.

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  • (4) Population municipale agglomre au chef-lieu de la commune, which embraces the urban population as opposed to the rural population.

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  • Agriculture is the main industry in this rural location.

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  • According to the light railway commissioners, experience satisfied them (a) that light railways were much needed in many parts of the country and that many of the lines proposed, but not constructed, were in fact necessary to admit of the progress, and even the maintenance, of existing trade interests; and (b) that improved means of access were requisite to assist in retaining the population on the land, to counteract the remoteness of rural districts, and also, in the neighbourhood of industrial centres, to cope with the difficulties as to housing and the supply of labour.

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  • He has the right to certain procurations, and to appoint and depose archpriests and rural deans.

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  • In the former treatise we have a clear and minute description of the rural practices of that period, and from the latter may be learned a good deal of the economy of the feudal system in its decline.

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  • The Book of Surveying adds considerably to our knowledge of the rural economy of that age.

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  • commerce, gave a powerful stimulus to rural industry, augmented agricultural capital and called forth a more skilful and enterprising race of farmers.

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  • In 1800 the original Farmers' Magazine came into existence under the editorship of Robert Brown of Markle, the author of the well-known treatise on Rural Affairs.

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  • The last half of the 19th century witnessed a remarkable diminution of the British rural population.

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  • The decrease has assumed serious proportions since 1871, as before that date the supply of rural labour exceeded the demand.

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  • Even in the rural districts, manorial records reveal the existence of a great variety of classes and groups of persons engaged in the performance of economic functions.

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  • The manor was indeed self-sufficient and independent in the sense that it could furnish everything required by the majority of the inhabitants, and that over the greater part of rural England production was not carried on with a view to a distant market.

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  • On the other hand there was legal persecution all over the country, and the preachers suffered many things from the hands of rural clergy and county magistrates.

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  • The removal to London was proof that the leaders were alive to the necessity of grappling with the rapid growth of towns and cities, and that the Connexion, at first mainly a rural movement, had also urban work to accomplish.

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  • In 1641 he was appointed to the rural deanery of Bocking.

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  • They naturally favoured the city at the expense of the rural districts, so that in 1832 the latter proclaimed their independence, and in 1833 were organized into the half canton of Basel Landschaft, the city forming that of Basel Stadt.

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  • The school system comprises preparatory schools, rural schools, graded schools, three high schools and the university of Porto Rico.

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  • The lower chamber consists of ten deputies from large towns and forty from small towns and rural districts.

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  • Instances of dogs having saved the lives of their owners by that strange intuition of approaching danger which they appear to possess, or by their protection, are innumerable: their attachment to man has inspired the poet and formed the subject of many notable books, while in Daniel's Rural Sports is related a story of a dog dying in the fulness of joy caused by the return of his master after a two years' absence from home.

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  • Walsh), in British Rural Sports, classified dogs as follows: - (a) Dogs that find game for man, leaving him to kill it himself - the pointer, setters, spaniels and water spaniels.

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  • Both kinds of functions were discharged by slaves, not only at Rome, but in the rural and provincial municipalities.

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  • Under him were the several groups employed in the different branches of the exploitation and the care of the cattle and flocks, as well as those who kept or prepared the food, clothing and tools of the whole staff and those who attended on the master in the various species of rural sports.

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  • The immense extension of the rural estates (latifundia) made it impossible for masters to know their slaves, even if they were disposed to take trouble for the purpose.

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  • The lighter punish ments inflicted by masters were commonly personal chastisement or banishment from the town house to rural labour; the severer were employment in the mill (pistrinum) or relegation to the mines or quarries.

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  • (4) The corresponding change, in the case of the rural slaves, took place through their being merged in the order of coloni.

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  • Peter the Great imposed a poll-tax on all the members of the rural population, making the proprietors responsible for the tax charged on their serfs; and the " free wandering people " who were not willing to enter the army were required to settle on the land either as members of a commune or as serfs of some proprietor.

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  • This number does not include the state serfs, who formed about one-half of the rural population.

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  • Institutes, summer schools and rural libraries have been introduced.

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  • During the second American occupation work was begun on a network of good rural highways.

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  • It is an urban district together with contiguous rural territory.

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  • The rural population, who had no share in the affairs of the city, were called Kov17roSEs (" dusty-feet ").

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  • The state supports a highly efficient public school system, organized through all the grades from the primary district and rural schools to the state university.

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  • The results of the census of 1905 showed the population of the city (not including the rural districts belonging to the state of Hamburg) to be 802,793.

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  • The scenery is rural and pleasant; the course of the river winding.

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  • In particular we know how rural life was there developed, and with what care the water necessary for the growing of cereals was everywhere provided.

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  • Occupations.-The pre-war growth of industries, especially in Riga and Libau, tended to reduce the percentage of the agricultural population, but agriculture is still the chief occupation, and the redivision of the rural population was the outstanding feature after 1918.

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  • According to the census of 1920, of 609,475 buildings in the rural districts 84,163 had been completely destroyed and 117,015 partly.

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  • Along with the land are expropriated all claims and rights appended to the land and all instruments of husbandry, live stock included, with the exception of such industrial establishments as are not working to satisfy the local rural demand only.

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  • Once he had defended the monastic orders, advocating their reform and not their suppression, supported the rural clergy and idealized the village priest in his Parocho da Aldeia, after the manner of Goldsmith in the Vicar of Wakefield.

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  • But he soon exhausted his resources, and, having nothing to live upon, was glad to hurry back to Norway, where he accepted the position of tutor in the house of a rural dean at Voss.

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  • Of the total population 985,167 live in rural areas, the average density for the whole country being 31.34 per sq.

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  • Besides these sixty-three rural counties for Hungary, and eight for Croatia-Slavonia, Hungary has twenty-six urban counties or towns with municipal rights.

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  • His poems, which embody the national genius, have passed into the very life of the people; particularly is he happy in the pieces descriptive of rural life.

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  • The discontent of the rural labourers and of the poorer class of craftsmen in the towns, caused by the economic distress that followed the Black Death and the enactment of the Statute of Labourers in 1351, was brought to a head by the imposition of a poll tax in 1379 and again in 1381, and at the end of May in the latter year riots broke out at Brentwood in Essex; on the 4th of June similar violence occurred at Dartford; and on the 6th a mob several thousands strong seized the castle of Rochester and marched up the Medway to Maidstone.

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  • Administratively the state is divided into the city, or metropolitan district, and four rural domains (or Landherrenschaften), each under a senator as praeses, viz.

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  • Each district is sub-divided into field-cornetcies, the cornetcies being themselves divided, where necessary, into urban and rural areas.

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  • The semi-military organization of these divisions, which existed under the South African republic, has been abolished, and field-cornets, who are nominated by the provincial government, are purely civil officials charged with the registration of voters, births and deaths, the maintenance of public roads, &c. The chief local authorities are the municipal bodies, many " municipalities " being rural areas centred round a small town.

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  • Thus the liability to tubercular infection is far commoner in the midst of a depraved population than in one fulfilling the primary laws of nature; rickets is a disease of great cities rather than of rural districts; and syphilis is more disastrous and protracted in its course in the depraved in health than in the robust.

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  • In the beautiful rural cemetery, north of the city, are the tombs of President Chester A.

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  • Throughout most of the villages in the rural tracts men, women and children all take part in the agricultural operations, although in riverine villages whole families often support themselves from the sale of petty commodities and eatables.

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  • The introduction of cheap cottons and silk fabrics has dealt a blow to hand-weaving, while aniline dyes are driving out the native vegetable product; but both industries still linger in the rural tracts.

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  • Market gardening, the rearing of cattle, for which the district is widely famed, and fishing, form the chief occupations of the rural population.

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  • Of the remaining representatives, twelve are furnished by Bremerhaven and Vegesack and sixteen by the rural districts.

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  • The third division would consist of the collections of the so-called Pseudo-leges Canuti, the laws of Edward the Confessor, of Henry I., and the great compilation of the Quadripartitus, then of a number of short notices and extracts like the fragments on the "wedding of a wife," on oaths, on ordeals, on the king's peace, on rural customs (Rectitudines singularum personarum), the treatises on the reeve (gerefa) and on the judge (dema), formulae of oaths, notions as to wergeld, &c. A fourth group might be made of the charters, n as they are based on Old English private and public law and supply us with most important materials in regard to it.

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  • The older law of real property, of succession, of contracts, the customary tariffs of fines, were mainly regulated by folk-right; the reeves employed by the king and great men were supposed to take care of local and rural affairs according to folk-right.

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  • The Chaldeans are now chiefly found in rural districts east of the Tigris.

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  • Vienna extends along the right bank of the Danube from the historic and legendary Kahlenberg to the point where the Danube Canal rejoins the main stream, being surrounded on the other side by a considerable stretch of land which is rather rural than suburban in character.

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  • Under the constitution of 1868 there is a legislative diet of 15 members, 10 elected by the towns and rural districts and 1 each by the nobility, clergy and educated classes, the remaining 2 nominated by the prince.

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  • In November 1822 Daubeny succeeded Dr Kidd as professor of chemistry at Oxford, and retained this post until 1855; and in 1834 he was appointed to the chair of botany, to which was subsequently attached that of rural economy.

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  • From 1890 to 1900 the urban population increased from 3 10, 335 to 392,509 or 26.5%; while the rural population (i.e.

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  • In the main the rural towns have adhered most strongly to the old individualistic sentiment, whereas the cities have kept more in touch with the modern nationalistic trend of thought.

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  • Since the adoption of the constitution the conditions have become worse owing to the extensive immigration of foreigners into the large cities and the gradual decay of the rural towns.

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  • The Republican machine finds it easy with the support of the millionaire summer colony at Newport and the street railway corporations to corrupt the French-Canadians and a portion of the native element in the rural towns and maintain absolute control of the state government.

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  • In the cities and towns horses used as beasts of burden are now shod with iron, but in rural or mountainous, districts straw shoes are substituted, a device which enables the animals to traverse rocky or precipitous roads with safety.

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  • Of the population, about one-half may be classified as rural, i.e.

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  • The lower chamber consists of 73 popular representatives, of whom 24 are elected by the burgesses of certain towns and 49 by the rural communities: Every citizen of 25 years of age, who has not been convicted and is not a pauper, has a vote.

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  • About 74% of the whole constitutes the rural population.

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  • The Maanedlige Afhandlinger (1762), " Monthly Treatises," was supported by several writers and devoted chiefly to rural economy.

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  • The Tsar's Government under the electoral statute of 1905 granted the four-class franchise (landowners, peasants, townsmen and workmen) in such wise as to favour the rural population.

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  • In the provinces of Vilna, Kovno and Suvalki 71.4% of the population belong to the rural class, industry and commerce absorbing 12.8%.

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  • Internal Migration.-In modern times there is constant movement of population within national lines, from section to section, and especially from rural districts to the cities.

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  • The most important phase of internal migration is the movement from the rural districts to the cities.

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  • Everywhere the city population is increasing faster than the rural.

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  • In the United States the rate of increase per decade was as follows: In England and Wales the rural population increased in the aggregate during the first half of the 19th century, but at a gradually diminishing rate; in the second half of the century the population declined with varying regularity, until the decennium 1891-1900, when there was an increase.

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  • But notwithstanding this aggregate increase there are many rural districts which still show a steadily declining population.

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  • Rural.

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  • According to the census of 1891 not less than 55 out of the 87 departments had decreased in population; and out of the 32 that had increased, 7 showed a decrease in their rural parts when the large towns were deducted.

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  • In Germany the towns of 10,000 and over show a much more rapid increase than the rural districts; and the same fact is generally true of the other countries of Europe.

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  • The process of absorption goes on as follows: The inhabitants of the country immediately surrounding a town of rapid growth flock into it; the gaps thus left in the rural population are filled up by migrants from more remote districts, until the attractive force of one of the rapidly-growing cities makes its influence felt, step by step, to the most remote corner of the land.

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  • The natives of towns are less migratory than those of the rural parts of the country.

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  • The population now made rapid strides as well by ordinary extension as by immigration from the rural districts.

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  • He published essays on the way to destroy mendicancy and to improve the condition of the labourers, and also on the establishment of a fund for rural relief and the organization of rural education.

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  • and boards of trustees in corporate towns and cities, and by school commissioners in the rural districts.

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  • The rural element of the population is large, though it is not increasing as rapidly as the urban; and no other state in the Union is so uniformly settled.

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  • Between 1890 and -1900 the urban population increased 38.3%, while the rural increased 14.6%.

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  • In France, Colbert, in 1670, ordered the extension to the rural communes of the system which had for many years been in force in Paris of registering and periodically publishing the domestic occurrences of the locality.

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  • The details of deaths in the year preceding the census, for instance, are called for, there being no registration of such occurrences in the rural tracts.

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  • The schedules are distributed by enumerators acting under district supervisors; but it is found impossible to collect the whole number in a single day, nor does the mobility of the population in the rural tracts make such expedition necessary.

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  • A common called the Stray, of 200 acres, secured by act of parliament from ever being built upon, stretches in front of the main line of houses, and on this account Harrogate, notwithstanding its rapid increase, has retained much of its rural charm.

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  • population of places having 4000 inhabitants or more) increased from 3,805,477 in 1890 to 5,176,414 in 1900, or 36%, while the rural population (i.e.

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  • In 1896 municipal and rural local bodies were allowed to levy rates upon unimproved land values if authorized to do so by a vote of their electors, and by the end of 1901 some sixty bodies, amongst them the city of Wellington, had made use:of this permission.

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  • The rural population embraces 51% of the whole, the urban population 48%.

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  • The Landesausschuss, a constitutional body with parliamentary privileges, consists of 58 members, 34 being appointed out of their number by the various district councils (Bezirkstage), 4 by the large towns, and 20 by the rural districts.

    0
    0
  • In the urban areas the proportion of persons, of all races, able to read and write was 50 67%; in the rural areas the proportion was 26.43%.

    0
    0
  • Dogmatic teaching was prohibited during school hours, except in rural schools when parents required such teaching to be given.

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    0
  • The readers of this weekly paper acquired a personal affection for its editor, and he was thus for many years the American writer most widely known and most popular among the rural classes.

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    0
  • population of incorporated places having less than 4000 inhabitants) was 30,270; and the rural (i.e.

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    0
  • The rural population was therefore in that year 58.8% of the total, and the urban was only 28.7% of the total, but from 1890 to 1900 the urban increased 185% while the rural increased only 55.6%.

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    0
  • No part of England surpasses the more fertile portions of this county in the peculiar richness of its rural scenery.

    0
    0
  • Cottage and village nursing are varieties of the same department; the former is organized on the benefit system, and aims at supplying domestic help and sick-nursing combined in rural districts for an annual subscription of from 2s.

    0
    0
  • The population of the state is largely rural.

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    0
  • Nearly all the French cathedrals of the 12th and 13th centuries exhibit on their portals a species of rural calendar, in which each month and sign has its corresponding labour.

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    0
  • - A census of the rural population was taken for the first time in 1905.

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    0
  • The montons consist of groups of the old rural provinces (muang); the hereditary chiefs of which, except in the Lao country in the north and in the Malay States, have been replaced by governors trained in administrative work and subordinate to the high commissioner.

    0
    0
  • As in Burma, the Buddhist monasteries scattered throughout the country carry on almost the whole of the elementary education in the rural districts.

    0
    0
  • The parishes were further grouped together into rural deaneries and archdeaconries.

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    0
  • Witwicki (1800-1847) was son of a professor at Krzemieniec. He was a writer of ballads and poems dealing with rural life,.

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    0
  • total population of cities of 4000 or more inhabitants, in 1900, was 572,795, or 48.2% of the total and an increase of 16.6% over that of 1890; while the rural population, i.e.

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    0
  • In 1908 the General Assembly passed a law providing for annual direct primary elections (outside of Baltimore; and making the Baltimore special primary law applicable to state as well as city officials), but, as regards state officers, making only a slight improvement upon previous conditions inasmuch as the county or district is the unit and the vote of county or district merely " instructs " delegates to the party's state nominating convention, representation in which is not strictly in proportion to population, the rural counties having an advantage over Baltimore; no nomination petition is required.

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    0
  • This system of apportionment gives to the rural counties a considerable pplitical advantage over the city of Baltimore, which, with 42.8% of the total population according to the census of 1900, has only 4 out of 27 members of the Senate and only 24 out of tot members of the House of Delegates.

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    0
  • Though a word of not very strict application, it is now frequently used of the rural population of such countries as France, where the land is chiefly held by small holders, "peasant proprietors."

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    0
  • the rural community; (b) taxpayers, being citizens other than " colonists," i.e.

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    0
  • The population of Kentucky is largely rural.

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    0
  • The early history of the schools of Kentucky shows that the rural school conditions have been very unsatisfactory.

    0
    0
  • The rural teachers, however, have been paid from the state fund, so that the poorer districts receive aid from the richer districts of the commonwealth.

    0
    0
  • The rural schools are supervised by a superintendent in each county.

    0
    0
  • The present school system of Kentucky may be summarized under three heads: the rural schools, the graded schools, and the high schools (which are further classified as city and county high schools).

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    0
  • According to a school census there was in1908-1909a school population of 739,352, of which 587,051 were reported from the rural districts.

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    0
  • It is really an aggregation of rural villages.

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    0
  • Brigandage was formerly so common that travel without an armed escort was extremely dangerous; under President Diaz, however, not only has such lawlessness been repressed but the brigands themselves have been given regular employment as rural guards under the government.

    0
    0
  • Other estimates make the " panela " output much larger, the product being largely consumed in the rural districts and never appearing in the larger markets.

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    0
  • The national revenues are derived from import and export duties, port dues and other taxes levied on foreign commerce; from excise and stamp taxes and other charges upon internal business transactions; from direct taxes levied in the federal district and national territories, covering a land tax in rural districts, a house tax in the city, commercial and professional licences, water rates, and sundry taxes on bread, pulque, vehicles, saloons, theatres, &c.; from probate dues and registry fees; from a surcharge on all taxes levied by the states, called the " federal contribution," which is paid in federal revenue stamps; from post and telegraph receipts; and from some minor sources of income.

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    0
  • The suggestion that Mother Shipton had foretold the end of the world in 1881 was the cause of the most poignant alarm throughout rural England in that year, the people deserting their houses, and spending the night in prayer in the fields, churches and chapels.

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    0
  • Of the total population in 1890 the rural constituted 6 7.4% and the urban 37.6%, but in 1900 the rural constituted only 53.3% of the total and the urban 46.7%.

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    0
  • In the House of Representatives, which has the large membership of 390, representation is on the basis of population, but is so arranged as to favour the rural districts; thus every town or ward of a city having 600 inhabitants is allowed one representative, but, although for every additional representative 1200 additional inhabitants are required, any town having less than 600 inhabitants is allowed a representative for such proportionate part of the time the legislature is in session as the number of its inhabitants bears to 600.

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    0
  • This native population remained, and constituted the majority of the inhabitants of the rural parts and almost the sole inhabitants of the towns.

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    0
  • In the 1st century, when St Paul made his missionary journeys, even the towns Ancyra, Pessinus and Tavium (where Gauls were few) were not Hellenized, though Greek, the language of government and trade, was spoken there; while the rural population was unaffected by Greek civilization.

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    0
  • A study of the family names appearing on the census rolls of two prosperous and typical American counties, one distinctively urban and the other rural, in 1790 and I900, has confirmed the popular impression that the British element is growing little, and that the fastest reproducers to-day are the foreign elements that have become large in the immigration current in very recent decades.

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  • But while this growth was relatively uniform over the South, in the North there was a low (often a decreasing) rate of rural and a high rate of urban growth.

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    0
  • Urban and Rural Population.The five cities of the country that had 8000 or more inhabitants in 1790 had multiplied to 548 in 1900.

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    0
  • Only one of the original six (Charleston) was in the true South, which was distinctly rural.

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    0
  • On an average throughout the 110 years, the population in cities of 8000 considerably more than doubled every twenty years.i The rate of rural growth, on the other hand, fell very slowly down to 1860,2 and since then.

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    0
  • All the Southern states are still relatively rural, as well to-day as a hundred years ago.

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    0
  • There are abundant statistical indications that the line (be the ~fiuence that draws it economic or social) between urban centres of nly 2500 inhabitants and rural districts is much sharper to-day than was that between the country and cities of 8000 inhabitants (the largest had five times that number) in 1790.

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    0
  • The same years, however, made apparent a rapid fall, general and marked, yet possibly only temporary, in the rate at which such urban centres, as well as larger ones, had been gaining upon the rural districts; this reaction being most pronounced in the South and least so in the North Atlantic states, whose manufacturing industries are concentrated in dense centres of population.

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  • In every 1000 urban inhabitants there were, in 1900, 23 (in 1890 only 19) more females than in 1000 rural inhabitants.

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    0
  • The median age of the population of cities of 25,000 or more inhabitants was 355 years greater than that of the inhabitants of smaller urban centres and rural districts, owing probably in the main to the movement of middle-aged native and foreign adults to urban centres, and the higher birth-rate of the rural, districts.

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    0
  • Of the last item $3,269,757,067 represented the value of the products of rural factories (that is, those in cities of under 8000 inhabitants).

    0
    0
  • The increase of the different items during the five years was greater in every case in the rural than in the urban factories.

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    0
  • the names, functions and powers of the houses of the legislature, the chief executive officials, and the courts of justice, with provisions regulating the electoral franchise; Provisions creating, or directing the creation of, a system of local government for cities and rural areas; Miscellaneous provisions relating to law and administration, including the militia, revenue and taxation, state prisons and hospitals, agriculture, banking and other corporations, railways, labor questions; Provisions for the amendment of the constitution; A schedule prescribing the method of submitting the draft constitution to the vote of the people, with temporary provisions regulating the mode of tranfition from the old constitutional arrang~ments to the new ones.

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    0
  • Administrative law, including the regulation of urban and rural local government, state and local taxation and finance, education, public works, the liquor traffic, vaccination, adulteration, charities, asylums, prisons, the inspection of mines and factories, general laws relating to corporations, railways, labor questions.

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    0
  • The town, or township, of New England is generally a rural community occupying a comparatively small area, and with a population averaging about 3000, hut ranging from 200 in newly-settled, districts or thinly-peopled hilly districts up to 17,000 in the vicinity of large cities and in manufacturing neighborhoods.

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    0
  • In rural communities the attendance is usually good, the debates are sensible and practical, and a satisfactory administration is generally secured.

    0
    0
  • In the Middle and Western states the township is a more artificial organism than the rural town of New England.

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    0
  • Although local affairs do nut now enlist, even in New England, so large a measure of interest and public spirit as the town system used to evoke in Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut in the thirties, still, broadly speaking, the rural local government of America may be deemed satisfactory.

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    0
  • In rural districts little difficulty arises, because it is known what citizens belong to each party; but in cities, and especially in large cities, where men do not know their neighbors by sight, it becomes necessary to have regular lists of the party voters entitled to attend a primary; and these lists are either prepared and kept by the local party committee, or are settled by the votes of the persons previously on the party rolls.

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    0
  • Ian Maclaren's first sketches of rural Scottish life, Beside the Bonnie Briar Bush (1894), achieved extraordinary popularity and were followed by other successful books, The Days of Auld Lang Syne (1895), Kate Carnegie and those Ministers (1896) and Afterwards and other Stories (1898).

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    0
  • In spite of the growth of manufactures since 1878, there are few large cities, and the proportion of the urban population to the rural is small.

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    0
  • west of Montreal, have been established to promote the cause of rural education upon the lines of nature study, with school gardens, manual training, domestic science, &c., which on both sides of the Atlantic are now being found so effective in the hands of properly trained and enthusiastic teachers.

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    0
  • Since the beginning of the 10th century agricultural education and rural training in Canada have been greatly stimulated by the munificence of Sir William C. Macdonald of Montreal.

    0
    0
  • But in the early ages of the world, when mankind were chiefly engaged in rural occupations, the phases of the moon must have been objects of great attention and interest, - hence the month, and the practice adopted by many nations of reckoning time by the motions of the moon, as well as the still more general practice of combining lunar with solar periods.

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    0
  • The legislature of 1907 voted an increase of $300,000 in the appropriation for the common school fund, and granted state-aid for rural school-houses; but its most important work probably was the establishment of county high schools.

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    0
  • The rural schools have an annual term of five to seven months only.

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    0
  • Other reforms. followed in quick succession during the next five or six years: army and navy organization, a new judicial administration on the French model, a new penal code and a greatly simplified system of civil and criminal procedure, an elaborate scheme of local self-government for the rural districts and the large towns, with elective assemblies possessing a restricted right of taxation, and a new rural and municipal police under the direction of the minister of the interior.

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    0
  • (English), and the proportion of urban to rural population, roughly, as I to 3 of the inhabitants.

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    0
  • he was four the family removed to a house on Herne Hill, then a country village, with a garden and rural surroundings.

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    0
  • (c) To indicate the wages of rural labour.

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    0
  • The area under cultivation represents an average of 1.3 acres per head of thy total, and of nearly 1.5 acres per head of the rural population.

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    0
  • Of the total population about 97% are rural, and about the same percentage are Roman Catholics.

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    0
  • Chatham's residence was at North End, a picturesque quarter yet preserving characteristics of a rural village; here also Wilkie Collins was born.

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    0
  • He was postmaster-general in the cabinet of Presidents McKinley and Roosevelt from April 1898 until January 1902, and did much to develop the rural free delivery system.

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    0
  • in incorporated places having a population less than 4000) and 2,315,932, or 36.75%, were rural (i.e.

    0
    0
  • From 1890 to 1900 the urban population increased 854,730, or 36%, and the semi-urban 134,077, or 18.4%, but the rural increased only 55,195, or 2.4%.

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    0
  • The chief methods adopted have been the following: (1) vernacular preaching in the lame towns and on itineraries through the rural districts, a work in which native evangelists guided by Europeans and Americans played a large part.

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    0
  • It retains, however, some of its rural character, and has wide thoroughfares and many handsome residences standing in extensive grounds.

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    0
  • Many of the smaller towns, such as Assen, Enschede, Helmond, Hengelo, Tiel, Venlo, Vlaardingen, Zaandam, Yerseke, show a great development, and it is a noteworthy fact that the rural districts, taken as a whole, have borne an equal share in the general increase of population.

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    0
  • The drift townwards of the rural population began in 1890, when the urban population amounted to only 18% of the whole, whereas in 1904 it reached 24%, as compared with 13% for the urban population of Russia as a whole.

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  • living in towns of 2000 inhabitants and above), leaving 45~7% to be classified as rural.

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  • These are divided into rural communes (Land gemeinden) and urban communes (Stadtgemeinden), the powers and functions of which, though differing widely, are based upon the same general principle of representative local self-government.

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    0
  • Thus, in Prussia, the representative assembly of the Circle (Kreistag) is composed of delegates of the rural communes, as well as of the large landowners and the towns, while the members of the provincial diet (Provinziallandtag) are chosen by the Kreistage and by such towns as form separate Kreise.

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  • (f) the province, (2) the government district (Regierungsbezirk), (3) the rural circle (Landkreis) and urban ircle (Stadtkreis), (4) the official district (Amtsbezirk), (5) the town commune (Stadtgenzeinde) and rural commune (Landgemeinde).

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  • Rural Communes.As stated above, the lowest administrative area is the commune, whether urban or rural.

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  • The laws as to the constitution and powers of the rural communes vary much in the different states.

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    0
  • Towns.The constitution of the towns (Stadieverfassung) varies more greatly in the several states than that of the rural communes.

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    0
  • In those parts of Germany which come under the influence of French legislation, the constitution of the towns and that of the rural communes (the so-called Bitrgermeistereiverfassung) is identical, in that the members of the communal executive body are, in the same way as those of the communal assembly, elected to office immediafely by the whole body of municipal electors.

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  • In Wurttemberg, Baden and Hesse-Nassau the system is a compromise between the two; both the town and rural communes have a mayor (Blirgermeister or Schuitheiss, as the case may be) and a Gemeinderat for administrative purposes, the citizens exercising control through a representative Gemeindeausschuss (communal committee).

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  • Of these the most important were the so-called Guelphs (Welf en), described by themselves as the Hannoverische Rechtspartei, member of the old Hanoverian nobility who represented the rural districts of Hanover and still regarded the deposed King George V.

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  • - The following table shows the population of the province: - 1 The name given to the rural municipalities.

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  • In the rural districts an attempt is being made to increase efficiency by the consolidation of several small schools and the conveyance of the children to one central building.

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  • Many of the rural schools have gardens, in which the elements of agriculture, botany and kindred subjects are taught in a practical manner.

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    0
  • The diets themselves were elected for six years; they were chosen generally (there were slight local differences) in the following way: (a) a certain number of bishops and rectors of universities sat in virtue of their office; (b) the rest of the members were chosen by four electoral bodies or curiae, - (i) the owners of estates which before 1848 had enjoyed certain feudal privileges, the so-called great proprietors; (2) the chambers of commerce; (3) the towns; (4) the rural districts.

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  • In Bohemia, e.g., the diet consisted of 241 members: of these five were ex o f ficio members; the feudal proprietors had seventy; the towns and chambers of commerce together had eighty-seven; the rural districts seventy-nine.

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  • The electors in the rural districts were 236,000, in the towns 93,000.

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    0
  • In the rural districts the clergy had much influence; they were supported by the peasants, and the diets of Tirol and Vorarlberg, where there was a clerical majority, refused to carry out the school law.

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    0
  • It must be remembered, however, that even though the town was German, the rural population of the surrounding villages was chiefly Slovene.

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    0
  • Taaffe's bill, while keeping the curiae of the feudal proprietors and the chambers of commerce as they were, and making no change in the number of members, proposed to give the franchise in both towns and rural districts to every one who could read and write, and had resided six months in one place.

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  • The latter fruit constitutes, with bread, the staple food of the poorest part of the rural population for several months in the year.

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    0
  • A steam tramway runs from Messina to the Faro at the north-east extremity of the island, and thence along the north coast to Barcelona, and another along the east coast from Messina to Giampilieri: while the island is fairly well provided with high roads, but is very backward in rural communications, there being only 244 yds.

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    0
  • The law laid down the method to be employed in this case, but pending the completion of the rural taxation this detailed application of the system was allowed to remain in suspense.

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    0
  • It was largely consumed by the ancient Greek and Roman soldiers, sailors and rural classes (cf.

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    0
  • The rural classes are mainly engaged in agriculture, which occupies over 62% of the adults.

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    0
  • The Coptic inhabitants are described in the article COPTS, and the rural population under FELLAH.

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    0
  • favere, or the "speaker," from fari), an old Italian rural deity, the bestower of fruitfulness on fields and cattle.

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    0
  • The percentages of urban and rural population are respectively about 38 and 62.

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    0
  • It was stronger on the islands, where the rural population increased by 5.3% only in eleven years, whereas in Jutland the increase of the rural population between 1890 and 1901 amounted to 12.0%.

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    0
  • The percentage of illegitimacy is high as a whole, although in some of the rural districts it is very low.

    0
    0
  • In the rural districts the deputy electors returned by election are supplemented by an equal number of those who have paid the highest amounts in taxes and county rates together.

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    0
  • The schools are under the immediate control of school boards appointed by the parish councils, but of which the incumbent of the parish is ex-officio member; superior control is exercised by the Amtmand, the rural dean, and the bishop, under the Minister for church and education.

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  • His exquisite strains, in which pure imagination is blended with most accurate and realistic descriptions of scenery and rural life, have an extraordinary charm not easily described.

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    0
  • The former embraced a large part of the rural population in certain secluded districts, such as parts of Asia Minor and Peloponnesus; and we are told that the efforts directed against them resulted in the forcible baptism of 70,000 persons in Asia Minor alone.

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    0
  • m., and is entirely rural in character.

    0
    0
  • 2.1.2 Table II.-Population in Towns, Villages and Rural Districts, Mainland and Islands, 1891 and 1901.

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    0
  • The next table affords a comparison of the numbers of the population as grouped in towns, villages and rural districts, and in the mainland and islands.

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    0
  • Both appear first in the 15th century, probably as results of the war for the Toggenburg inheritance (1436-50); for the intense hatred of Austria, greatly increased by her support of the claims of Zurich, favoured the circulation of stories which assumed that Swiss freedom was of immemorial antiquity, while, as the war was largely a struggle between the civic and rural elements in the Confederation, the notion that the (rural) Schwyzers were of Scandinavian descent at once separated them from and raised them above the German inhabitants of the towns.

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    0
  • The members are elected by the various diocesan conferences, which are in turn elected by the laity of their respective parishes or rural deaneries.

    0
    0
  • They are called " vicars-forane " or rural deans.

    0
    0
  • 23 sqq.) - a little treatise it may be called - enjoining on the landowner the necessity of paying special attention to his cattle, large and small; these, says the writer, are the real sources of wealth to the rural landowner.

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    0
  • One is that of Basel Stadt or Bale Ville, including, besides the city of Basel, the three rural districts (all to the north of the Rhine) of Riehen, Bettingen and Klein Huningen (the latter now united to the city).

    0
    0
  • m., but its total population in 1900 was 112,227 (of whom 3066 inhabited the rural districts), mainly German-speaking, and numbering 73,063 Protestants, 37,101 Romanists (including the Old Catholics), and 1897 Jews.

    0
    0
  • Local self-government, municipal and rural, in the form in which it now prevails in India, is essentially a product of British rule.

    0
    0
  • Other sources of revenue are stamps, levied on judicial proceedings and commercial documents; registration of mortgages and other instruments; and provincial rates, chiefly in Bengal and the United Provinces for public works or rural police.

    0
    0
  • The operations of rural life are familiar to every class.

    0
    0
  • The simple system of rural economy is entirely based upon the dealings of this man, whom it is the fashion sometimes to decry as a usurer, but who is really the one thrifty person among an improvident population.

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    0
  • The village system is well described, each little rural unit seeming to be an independent republic. Megasthenes remarked the exemption of the husbandmen (Vaisyas) from war and public services, and enumerates the dyes, fibres, fabrics and products (animal, vegetable and mineral) of India.

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    0
  • Two of the elected members represent St Louis, the 8 rural districts into which the island is divided electing each one member.

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    0
  • Pop. (1890) 11,400, including many Germans; (1902, estimate) 16,000; of the municipality, including a large rural district and several villages (1890), 30,687.

    0
    0
  • The subject was discussed at the Penitentiary Congress at Budapest in 1905, and a resolution passed recommending extra-mural employment for prisoners of rural origin, vagrants and drunkards, and those subject to tuberculous disease, "so largely the concomitant of cellular confinement."

    0
    0
  • 2 It must be noted as characteristic of the state that of the total manufactures in 1905, 80 3% were produced in rural districts (83.7 in 1900).

    0
    0
  • The total expenditure for the schools is creditable to the state; but before 1909 hardly half the school population attended; and in general the rural conditions of the state, the shortness of the school terms and the dependence of the schools primarily upon local funds and local supervision, make the schools of inadequate and quite varying excellence.

    0
    0
  • In 1905-1906 the Peabody Board gave $2000 to aid rural schools, and in general it has done much for the improvement of country public schools throughout the state.

    0
    0
  • The great bulk of Domesday Book is devoted to the somewhat arid details of the assessment and valuation of rural estates, which were as yet the only important source of national wealth.

    0
    0
  • Apart from the wholly rural portions, which constitute its bulk, Domesday contains entries of interest concerning most of the towns, which were probably made because of their bearing on the fiscal rights of the crown therein.

    0
    0
  • Of the population about 47% live in towns or communes exceeding 2000 inhabitants, and about 53% are rural.

    0
    0
  • In the same period (1900-1905), the value of the products of urban 1 establishments decreased from $1,332,288 to $1,244,223, and the amount of capital invested increased from $871,531 to $988,615; but the value of the products of rural establishments increased from $1,936,267 to $2,279,037, and the capital invested from $1,176,352 to $1,707,274.

    0
    0
  • population of incorporated places, or the approximate equivalent, having fewer than 4000 inhabitants) decreased in the same period from 14,910 to 12,725, and the rural population (i.e.

    0
    0
  • A law enacted in 1910 provides a fund for special aid from the state to rural graded schools with at least two rooms. With state aid normal training departments are maintained in several of the high schools in counties which adopt the provisions of the statute.

    0
    0
  • It was the principle of rural serfdom applied to social functions.

    0
    0
  • In the one class the density is mainly rural, in the other it is chiefly due to the concentration of the population into large urban aggregates.

    0
    0
  • All education above that level is in the hands of the educational department and school boards elected in each parish, each rural parish being bound (since 1898) to be divided into a proper number of school districts and to have a school in each of them, the state contributing to these expenses Boo marks a year for each male and 600 marks for each female teacher, or 25% of the total cost in urban communes.

    0
    0
  • The strike was universal, all classes joining in the movement, and it spread to all the industrial centres and even to the rural districts.

    0
    0
  • Tudno, Afan, Padarn, &c. To the second division - those place-names which have been corrupted by English usage - belong most of the older historic towns, in striking contrast with the rural villages and parishes, which in nearly all cases have retained unaltered their original Celtic names.

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    0
  • A natural result of this partial treatment of the towns by the king and his vassals was that the English tongue and also English customs became prevalent if not universal in all the towns of Wales, whilst the rural districts remained strongly Cymric in character, language and sympathy.

    0
    0
  • and the usurpation of Henry IV., combined with the jealousy of the rural inhabitants of Wales against the privileged dwellers of the towns, seem to have rendered the country ripe for rebellion.

    0
    0
  • Mention must be made of the Rebecca riots in1843-1844in South Wales, wherein many toll gates were destroyed by mobs of countrymen dressed in female garb, " as the daughters of Rebecca about to possess the gates of their enemies "; and the Anti-Tithe agitation of1885-1886- largely traceable to the inflammatory language used concerning clerical tithe by certain organs of the vernacular press - which led to some disorderly scenes between distraining parties of police and crowds of excited peasants in the more remote rural districts.

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    0
  • As regards local government, Stockholm is a lain (administrative district) in [itself, distinct from the rural kin of the same name, under a high governor (dfversteithallare) and deputy, with departments for secretarial work, taxation and police.

    0
    0
  • Rye is extensively employed in the rural districts for the making of a hard bread in flat cakes (knackebriid).

    0
    0
  • The common material of the characteristic domestic architecture in rural districts is wood, except in Skane, where stone is available and has been used from early times.

    0
    0
  • The members of the second chamber number 230, of whom 150 are elected from rural constituencies and 80 from towns.

    0
    0
  • The major rural divisions are the fOgderier, under bailiffs, a subdivision of which is the lansmansdistrikt under a lansman.

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    0
  • (1) There are 119 rural judicial districts (domsagor), which may be subdivided into judicial divisions (tingslag).

    0
    0
  • The higher education of the people is provided by people's high schools in the rural districts, especially for the peasantry, maintained by the county councils, agricultural societies and the state, and providing a two years' course both in general education and in special practical subjects according to local needs.

    0
    0
  • According to residence, 1,471,792 were inhabitants of rural districts, and 1,240,353 of towns.

    0
    0
  • According to the census returns about one-half the population of Chile lives in rural districts, and is engaged nominally in agricultural pursuits.

    0
    0
  • As a large proportion of the labouring classes lived in the small towns and rural communities, they received comparatively little attention.

    0
    0
  • According to official returns, the real-estate valuations in 1903-1904 aggregated 1, 777, 21 7,7 0 4 pesos, of which 1,020,609,215 pesos were in urban and 754,608,489 pesos in rural property.

    0
    0
  • Population.In 1881 the present writer estimated the population of Persia at 7,653,600; 1,963,800 urban, 3,780,000 rural and 1,909,800 wandering (Bevolkerung der Erde, p. 28; Ency.

    0
    0
  • The native population of these villages and rural districts, at first, had no civic rights, but were governed by the foreign settlers.

    0
    0
  • As regards the rural police of India every village headman and the village watchman as well as the village police office are required by the code to communicate to the nearest magistrate or the officer in charge of the nearest police station, whichever is nearest, any information respecting offenders.

    0
    0
  • There thus grew up an ungrammatical dialect of Dutch, suited only to the most ordinary requirements of the everyday life of a rural population.

    0
    0
  • The draft act, with its " one vote one value " principle, its three-membered constituencies and its scheme for proportional representation, threatened Dutch supremacy in the rural districts, and aroused the opposition of Hofmeyr, who secured the passage of amendments through the Cape parliament which destroyed the principle of equal rights.

    0
    0
  • Burton, Cape Colony for the Settler (1903); (account of urban and rural industries - their probable future development).

    0
    0
  • The first of these deals with the early history up to the death of Charlemagne, the second with the flourishing time of feudal France, the third with the 13th century, the fourth, fifth, and sixth with the Hundred Years' War, the seventh and eighth with the establishment of the rural power under Charles VII.

    0
    0
  • Each class of road was named after the authority responsible for its construction and upkeep. In some of the remoter rural districts there are only bridle-paths, or rough tracks, which become almost impassable in wet seasons, and are never suitable for vehicles less solid than the Portuguese ox-carts.

    0
    0
  • In the same year the general distress was intensified by the failure of the Rural and Mortgage Bank of Brazil.

    0
    0
  • The corregidores and alcaldes also exercise the functions of a justice of the peace in the cantons and rural districts.

    0
    0
  • Subordinate to the prefects are the subprefects in the provinces, the corregidores in the cantons and the alcaldes in the rural districts - all appointed officials.

    0
    0
  • Their place was taken by arch-presbyters and rural deans.

    0
    0
  • Favoured with a suitable climate and inhabited by a thriving rural population, Bohemia is very highly developed in the matter of agriculture.

    0
    0
  • The urban and rural communities are in the proportion of 4 to 6.

    0
    0
  • The rural population is practically stationary.

    0
    0
  • The principle adopted in distributing the representation is that of equal electoral districts, modified in practice by a preference given to the distant and rural constituencies at the cost of the metropolitan electorates.

    0
    0
  • There were 76.000 occupiers of rural holdings in 1905, and the area occupied by them, exclusive of lands leased from the state, is 48,081,000 acres.

    0
    0
  • But the mass of the people, and especially the rural population, sick of revolution, and weary even of the moderate republicanism of Cavaignac, were anxious for a stable government.

    0
    0
  • The constitution of Reuss-Greiz dates from 1867, and provides for a representative chamber of twelve members, of whom three are appointed by the prince, while two are chosen by the landed proprietors, three by the towns and four by the rural districts.

    0
    0
  • It consists of various races, nearly one-half (920,919 in 1897) being Moldavians, the others Little Russians, Jews (37% in the towns and 1 2% in the rural districts), Bulgarians (103,225), Germans (60, 206), with some Gypsies (Zigani), Greeks, Armenians, Tatars and Albanians.

    0
    0
  • The plain as a whole is fertile and undulating, rich in woods and richer in pasture: the very heart of rural England.

    0
    0
  • Cattle-grazing is the chief farm industry in the west, sheep and horse-rearing in the east; the prevalence of the prefix " Market " in the names of the rural towns is noticeable in this respect.

    0
    0
  • The quiet beauty of the rural country in the south, where the barren Bunter pebble-beds have never invited agriculture, and where considerable vestiges of the old woodland still remain in and near Sherwood Forest, has attracted so many seats of the landed aristocracy as to earn for that part the familiar name of " the Dukeries."

    0
    0
  • They are for the most part typical rural market-towns, the manufactures, where such exist, being usually of agricultural machinery, or woollen and leather goods.

    0
    0
  • This suggested some tendency to return to a state of equilibrium as between urban and rural districts.

    0
    0
  • This is in a measure borne out by the movement of population in the districts classed as purely rural in 1901.

    0
    0
  • But the drain on the rural population continued heavy, for in the same purely rural area, which had a population in 1901 of 1,330,319, the excess of births over deaths was 150,437, but the actual increase of population was only 25,492, leaving a heavy loss (9.6%) to be accounted for by migration, the term used in this connexion in the general report of the Census to include movement of population to any new locality, home or foreign.

    0
    0
  • The average of persons to a house in rural districts was 4.6.

    0
    0
  • In 1901 the proportion of females to males in urban districts was 1086 to woo, and in rural districts 1011 to 1000.

    0
    0
  • These again are subdivided into 14,080 parishes (1901), the smallest ecclesiastical units, which are grouped for certain administrative purposes into 810 rural deaneries.

    0
    0
  • Under the Local Government Act of 1894 the duties of all the highway authorities were transferred to the rural district councils on or before the 31st of March 1899.

    0
    0
  • It is often asserted that the scenery of rural England is of its kind unrivalled.

    0
    0
  • r Urban District (other than borough) town) Rural District.

    0
    0
  • The various urban and rural districts are described below (Section X.).

    0
    0
  • In rural districts the functions of these boards are, under the Local Government Act of 1894, performed by the district councils, and in other places their constitution is similar to that of the urban and district councils (see PooR LAW).

    0
    0
  • The largest area of local government is the county; next to that the sanitary district, urban or rural, including under this head municipal boroughs, all of which are urban districts.

    0
    0
  • Election petitions against county councillors and members of other local bodies (borough councillors, urban and rural district councillors, members of school boards and boards of guardians) are classed together as municipal election petitions, and are heard in the same way, by a commissioner who must be a barrister of not less than fifteen years' standing.

    0
    0
  • In urban districts where such control has not been claimed, and in rural districts, the county council may either maintain the main roads themselves or allow or require the district councils to do so.

    0
    0
  • The things referred to include the alteration of the boundary of the district or parish; the division or union thereof with any other district or districts, parish or parishes; the conversion of a rural district or part thereof into an urban district or vice versa.

    0
    0
  • A considerable extension of the same powers was made by the Local Government Act 1894, which practically required every council to take into consideration the areas of sanitary districts and parishes within the entire administrative county, and to see that a parish did not extend into more than one sanitary district; to provide for the division of a district which did extend into more than one district into separate parishes, so that for the future the parish should not be in more than one county district; and to provide for every parish and rural sanitary district being within one county.

    0
    0
  • The powers of the Local Government Board under the Allotments Acts were transferred by the act of 1907 to the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries, and by the same act the powers and duties of rural district councils were transferred to parish councils.

    0
    0
  • By the Public Health Act of that year the whole country was mapped out into urban and rural sanitary districts, and that system has been maintained until the present time, with some important changes introduced by the Public Health Acts 1875 to 1907, and the Local Government Act 1894.

    0
    0
  • The whole of England and Wales is divided into districts, which are either urban or rural.

    0
    0
  • Rural districts were first created in 1872.

    0
    0
  • Before that time there was practically no sanitary authority outside the urban district, for although the vestry of a parish had in some cases power to make sewers and had also some other sanitary powers, there was no authority for such a district as now corresponds to a rural district.

    0
    0
  • Before the year 1894 the rural district consisted of the area of the poor-law union, exclusive of any urban district which might be within it, and the guardians of the poor were the rural sanitary authority.

    0
    0
  • By the Local Government Act of that year the guardians ceased to be the rural sanitary authority.

    0
    0
  • The union was preserved as the rural sanitary district, with this qualification, that if it extended into more than one county it was divided so that no rural district should extend into more than one county.

    0
    0
  • Rural district councillors are elected for each parish in the rural district, and they become by virtue of their office guardians of the poor for the union comprising the district, so that there is now no election of guardians in a rural district.

    0
    0
  • Guardians are still elected as such for urban districts, but the rural district council have ceased to be the same body as the guardians and are now wholly distinct.

    0
    0
  • A district councillor, whether urban or rural, holds office for a term of three years.

    0
    0
  • The qualification and disqualification of district councillors, whether urban or rural, now depend upon the Local Government Act 1894.

    0
    0
  • The electors both in urban and rural districts are the body called the parochial electors.

    0
    0
  • It has been thought convenient to deal here with district councils, whether urban or rural, together, but the powers of the former are much more extensive than those of the latter, and Powers of as the consideration of the subject proceeds it will be necessary to indicate what powers and duties are con- rural ferred or imposed upon urban district councils only.

    0
    0
  • ci It must be pointed out, however, that when the necessity arises for conferring upon a rural district council any of the powers exercisable only by an urban district council, that can be done by means of an order of the Local Government Board.

    0
    0
  • The necessity for this provision arises because it sometimes happens that in a district otherwise rural there are some centres of population, hardly large enough to be constituted urban districts, which nevertheless require the same control as an urban district.

    0
    0
  • A rural district council may delegate their entire powers in any parish to a parochial committee.

    0
    0
  • Such a committee may be subject to any regulations and restrictions imposed upon it by the rural district council.

    0
    0
  • In so far as such powers and duties are common to urban and rural district councils alike they will be referred to as appertaining to district councils.

    0
    0
  • When reference is made to any power or duty of an urban council it is to be understood that the rural council have no such power or duty unless conferred or imposed upon them by order of the Local Government Board.

    0
    0
  • This duty may be enforced by the Local Government Board on complaint made to them that the council have failed in performing it, and in the case of a rural district by the county council on complaint of the parish council.

    0
    0
  • An urban council and a rural council, if invested with the requisite power by the Local Government Board, may, and when required by order of that board must, provide for the proper cleansing of streets, and may also provide for the proper watering of streets.

    0
    0
  • It is to be observed that they are not bound to charge for a supply of water at all, unless they are required to do so in an urban district by at least ten persons, rated to the poor rate, or in a parish in a rural district by at least five persons so rated in the parish.

    0
    0
  • Even then the amount of the rate is left to the council, any deficiency in the cost of the water, in so far as it is not defrayed out of water rates or rents, being borne in an urban district by the general district rate, and in a rural district by the separate sanitary rates made for the parish or contributory place supplied.

    0
    0
  • These fees are paid by the urban or rural district council as the case may be.

    0
    0
  • But before 1894 a rural district council had no .

    0
    0
  • power or duty in respect of highways except in a few cases where, by virtue of a provision in the Highway Act 1878, the rural sanitary authority of a district coincident in area with a highway district were empowered to exercise all the powers of a a highway board.

    0
    0
  • By the Local Government Act 1894, there were transferred to the district council of every rural district all the powers, duties and liabilities of every highway authority, surveyor or highway board within their district, and theLformer highway authorities ceased to exist.

    0
    0
  • The highway authority in every district, rural as well as urban, is therefore the district council.

    0
    0
  • In a rural district any parish council may complain to the county council that the district council have made default in keeping any highway in repair, and the county council may thereupon transfer to themselves and execute the powers of the district council at the cost of the latter body, or they may make an order requiring the district council to perform their duty, or they may appoint some person to do so at the cost of the district council.

    0
    0
  • But while rural as well as urban district councils have the powers and duties of surveyors of highways, the provisions of the Public Health Acts relating to streets apply only in urban districts, except in so far as the Local Government Board may by order have conferred urban powers upon a rural district council.

    0
    0
  • A district council being a corporation, the general law applies in the case of a rural council that they must contract under their common seal, the exception to this rule including the doing of acts very of lands.

    0
    0
  • The expenses of a rural district council are of two kinds.

    0
    0
  • The accounts of a rural district council are made up half-yearly and are audited in the same way.

    0
    0
  • This part of the act may be adopted by a rural district council, but an urban district council can carry it into execution without formal adoption.

    0
    0
  • In every rural parish, that is to say, in every parish which is not included within an urban district, there is a parish meeting, which consists of the parochial electors of the parish.

    0
    0
  • An annual parish meeting in every rural parish must be held on the 25th day of March or within seven days before or after that date; and if there is no parish council, there must be at least one other parish meeting in the year.

    0
    0
  • Among the most important of the matters which concern a rural parish is the administration of what are commonly called the adoptive acts.

    0
    0
  • The Baths and Washhouses Acts have already been Baths and referred to in dealing with district councils, and it is Wash- sufficient to say that they are now adopted and ad- houses ministered in a rural parish in the manner pointed out A`"' with reference to the Lighting and Watching Act.

    0
    0
  • Now, in a rural parish which is coextensive with an area for which the acts have been adopted, the burial board is abolished and the acts are administered by the parish council; and the acts cannot be adopted in a rural parish save by the parish meeting.

    0
    0
  • If the area under a burial board in 1894 was partly in a rural parish and partly in an urban district, the burial board was superseded, and the powers of the board are exercised bya joint committeeappointed partly by the urban district council and partly by the parish council, or parish meeting, as the case may be.

    0
    0
  • In a rural parish where there is no parish council, though the acts are adopted by the parish meeting, it is still necessary to elect the burial board, and that board will be elected by the parish meeting.

    0
    0
  • In the event of the acts being adopted for a portion only of a rural parish, the burial board, or the parish meeting, may by resolution transfer all the powers of the board to the parish council.

    0
    0
  • The expenses in a rural parish are defrayed by means of a rate raised with, and as part of, the poor rate, with a qualification to the effect that agricultural land, market gardens and nursery grounds are to be assessed to the rate at one-third only of their rateable value.

    0
    0
  • population of incorporated places, or the approximate equivalent, having less than 4,000 inhabitants) increased from 14,221 to 26,674, or 87.5%; while the rural population (i.e.

    0
    0
  • In 1909 the taxable valuation was $100,771,321, and the tax rate was 13.8 mills for city property, 9.2 mills on rural property and 6.9 mills on agricultural property.

    0
    0
  • This unusual predominance of rural over urban manufacturing is further shown by the fact that in 1900, 64.3% of the establishments reporting, and 69.3% of the value of their products were from factories classified as rural, and in 1905 the proportion of rural factories was 58.8%, and the value of their products 72.9% of the total.

    0
    0
  • This predominance was largely due to the smelting and refining industry, the smelters being chiefly in the rural districts.

    0
    0
  • population of incorporated places, or the approximate equivalent, having less than 4000 inhabitants) increased from 36,867 to 83,740, 71.1% of the total increase in population; while the rural population (i.e.

    0
    0
  • School attendance is compulsory for twenty weeks each year in rural districts and for thirty weeks each year in cities of the first and second class for all children between eight and sixteen years.

    0
    0
  • In Wales and Ireland the greater part of the rural working classes was reduced not to a state of slavery, but to serfdom.

    0
    0
  • The regulations in question, although entered in a legal text, are not a legislative enactment but the result of a slow process of adjustment of claims between the ecclesiastical landowners and masters on one side and their rural dependents on the other.

    0
    0
  • And the screen of rural custom proved sufficient to allow of the growth of some property in the hands of the toiling class, a result which in itself rendered possible further emancipation.

    0
    0
  • The custom of the country gradually took the shape of a simultaneous resettlement of all conditions of rural occupation about St George's day (November 24), that is after the gathering of the harvest and the practical winding up of rural work.

    0
    0
  • But matters were clearly ripe for a wider application of the view that the peasant ought to stick to the soil, and the restoration of the Muscovite empire under the Romanovs brought with it the consolidation of all rural arrangements around this principle.

    0
    0
  • Peter the Great regularized and completed this evolution by effecting a comprehensive cadastre and census of the rural population.

    0
    0
  • The night of the 4th of August 1789 put an end to this contrast at one stroke and the further history of rural population came to depend entirely on the play of free competition and free contract.

    0
    0
  • " Coloni"; Fustel de Coulanges, Recherches sur quelques problemes d'histoire; Institutions politiques de la France (L'alleu et le domaine rural); F.

    0
    0
  • Its spaciousness and free rural aspect, its old graveyards and towering elms, its great university, its cultivated society and its vicinity to humane, substantial, busy Boston, were all attractions for such a man.

    0
    0
  • There is more to be said for the political argument which induced Adam Smith to favour navigation laws, giving a preference to national shipping in national waters, and for a similar political argument in favour of dude:, on agricultural produce imported into the country, on the ground, as regards navigation, that the prosperity of the shipping industry in particular was essential to the safety of the country, and on the ground, as regards duties on agricultural produce, that the maintenance of a larger rural population and of a larger agricultural production than would exist under natural conditions of perfect free trade was essential to the wel:Fare of the state and even to its very existence in the possible event of a temporary defeat at sea and a partial blockade of the coasts.

    0
    0
  • After half a century of rural disquiet, the rights of the cultivators were at length carefully formulated by Act X.

    0
    0
  • Hunter, Annals of Rural Bengal (1868), and Orissa (1872); Sir H.

    0
    0
  • Like Hermes, Dionysus was a god of the productiveness of nature, and hence Priapus was one of his regular companions, while not only in the mysteries but in the rural festivals his symbol, the phallus, was carried about ostentatiously.

    0
    0
  • In 1291 Bedfordshire was an archdeaconry including six rural deaneries, which remained practically unaltered until i 880, when they were increased to eleven with a new schedule of parishes.

    0
    0
  • They include the National Bank (capital and reserves in 1910, £1,560,000), founded in 1880; the Agricultural Loan Bank, founded in 1894; the Rural and Urban Land Credit Institutes, which lend money on agricultural and building land respectively; the Cassa Rurala, which buys estates for resale in small lots; savings banks in all the principal towns; and the Deposit and Trust Fund, which takes charge of estates left vacant through intestacy, surplus departmental and communal funds, securities given by contractors for public works, &c.

    0
    0
  • Rumania (1828-56), when magistrates were made irremovable, and new tribunals created, including a petty court in each rural commune.

    0
    0
  • At the close of the 19th century, however, the accommodation was insufficient, the attendance limited in consequence, and the percentage of illiterates high; reaching 88.5% in some of the rural communes.

    0
    0
  • In the same year the army was reorganized, and a rural police created.

    0
    0
  • As the process of naturalization has never been accelerated, the 300,000 Jews said to inhabit Rumania are still regarded as foreigners; and although liable to military service and to the payment of taxes, are unable to own rural land or possess electoral or other civil rights.

    0
    0
  • Of the aggregate of 1900, 6 3.7% lived in "rural districts" (i.e.

    0
    0
  • Under such conditions primary schools in the villages and rural districts were practically unknown, and the parish priest was the only educated person in the community.

    0
    0
  • The first task of the new government was to introduce (on the 4th of March) an Additional Representation Bill, to rectify - in part - the disparity in electoral power of the rural and urban districts.

    0
    0
  • When the great Mahommedan sultanates had become too much occupied in internecine wars to maintain order in the distant Hejaz, those branches of the Hassanids which from the beginning of Islam had retained rural property in Arabia usurped power in the holy cities and the adjacent Bedouin territories.

    0
    0
  • But even the rural populations have generally found surface springs insufficiently constant for their use and have adopted the obvious remedy of sinking wells.

    0
    0
  • Hence, throughout the world we find the shallow well still very common in rural districts.

    0
    0
  • The rural population (i.e.

    0
    0
  • In 1908 there was paid for the support of common schools $3,061,994; the average monthly salary of rural teachers was $49.60, and of school principals, $80.87.

    0
    0
  • The solidarity of clan and fine in their respective spheres, the provisions of the system, the simple rural life, and the prevalence of barter and payments in kind, left comparatively little occasion for contracts between individuals.

    0
    0
  • About 57% of the population was returned in 1905 as "rural," in spite of the large number of so-called "towns," only five of which, however, have more than 20,000 inhabitants - Posen, Bromberg, Hohensalza, Gnesen and Schneidemiihl.

    0
    0
  • The early 'eighties were made notable by a tremendous " boom " in real estate, rural and urban, throughout the commonwealth.

    0
    0
  • The English people became aware of this transformation in the theory of the state mainly through the fact that the new tenants-in-chief, bringing with them the ideas in which they had been reared, failed to com,prehend the rather complicated status of the rural population on this side of the Channel.

    0
    0
  • In the districts which took arms two main causes of insurrection may be differentiated; the first and the most widespread was the discontent of the rural population with the landowners and the Statute of Laborers.

    0
    0
  • There is certainly very little evidence of any general discontent among the rural population, such as had prevailed in the times of Edward III.

    0
    0
  • The seclusion of these rural sojourns, originally dictated by delicate health, was as wholesome to the mind as to the body.

    0
    0
  • Entering the church in 1838, he was curate at Wylye in Wiltshire, and for a short time at Steeple Claydon in Buckinghamshire, becoming later rector of Down Hatherley in Gloucestershire, and finally (1855) vicar of Rowington in Warwickshire, and rural dean.

    0
    0
  • About 1906 rural graded schools, outside of villages, were first organized.

    0
    0
  • The total income for schools in1907-1908was $1,773,659, of which $1,379,410 was from the seven-tenths-of-a-mill tax, $200,000 was from licence fees and taxes upon corporations (for salaries of rural school inspectors) and $194,249 the income from the common school fund which in that year amounted to $3,845,929.

    0
    0
  • The last named distributes it thus-1,50o,000 rural, 200,000 urban, and ioo,000 shepherds.

    0
    0
  • For fourteen years his education, more or less interrupted, went on in the rural home at Belluton, on his father's little estate, half a mile from Pensford, and 6 m.

    0
    0
  • are a large rural population and the village Of Milford, on the Charles river, about 33 m.

    0
    0
  • The capital is Parahyba (q.v.), and other important towns, with the populations (in 1890) of their municipalities, which include large rural districts and sometimes several other towns, are: Arcia (26,S90); Bananeiras (20,058); Campina Grande (21,475); Guarabira (26,625); Mananguape (20,754); Pilar (10,133, town); Pombal (12,804); and Souza (11,135).

    0
    0
  • Besides the small farms there is the zadruga, a form of community which appears to date from prehistoric times, and mainly survives along the Bosnian frontier, though tending to disappear everywhere and to be replaced by rural co-operation.

    0
    0
  • A new stimulus was given to agriculture by the encouragement which King Alexander personally extended to the establishment of rural co-operative associations on the Raiffeisen principles.

    0
    0
  • In 1844 he published Poems of Rural Life in the Dorset Dialect.

    0
    0
  • A new series of Poems of Rural Life in the Dorset Dialect appeared in 1862, and he was persuaded in 1868 to publish a series of Poems of Rural Life in Common English, which was less successful than his dialect poems. These latter were collected into a single volume in 1879, and on the 7th of October 1886 Barnes died at Winterborne Came.

    0
    0
  • His poetry is essentially English in character; no other writer has given quite so simple and sincere a picture of the homely life and labour of rural England.

    0
    0
  • Venizelos himself received a huge majority in Athens and Piraeus, but was defeated by the vote of the rural population of Attica.

    0
    0
  • As Ireland is mainly an agricultural country the loss of population has been most marked in the rural districts.

    0
    0
  • Thus in 1841 the rural population was returned as 7,052,923 and the urban as 1,143,674, while the corresponding figures in 1901 were respectively 3,073,846 and 1,384,929.

    0
    0
  • The inhabitants of the rural districts (3,073,846) decreased during the decade by over 380,000; that of the urban districts, i.e.

    0
    0
  • There are also societies for poultry-rearing, rural industries, bee-keeping, bacon-curing, &c., in connexion with the central organization.

    0
    0
  • To the county councils were also assigned the power of assessing and levying the poor rate in rural districts, the management of lunatic asylums, and the administration of certain acts such as the Explosives Act, the Technical Education Act and the Diseases of Animals Act.

    0
    0
  • Subordinate district councils, urban and rural, were also established as in England and Scotland to manage the various local areas within each county.

    0
    0
  • The department has devoted itself to (1) promoting in struction in experimental science, drawing, manual instruction and] domestic economy in day secondary schools, (2) supplying funds to country and urban authorities for the organization of schemes for technical instruction in non-agricultural subjects-these subjects embracing not only preparation for the highly organized industries but the teaching of such rural industries as basket-making, (3) the training of teachers by classes held at various centres, (4) the provision of central institutions, and (5) the awarding of scholarships.

    0
    0
  • (3) The county cess was abolished, and the county councils were empowered to levy a single rate for the rural districts and unions, called by the name of poor rate, for all the purposes of the act.

    0
    0
  • So important a place did bee-culture hold in the rural economy of the ancient Irish that a lengthy section is devoted to the subject in the Brehon Laws.

    0
    0
  • Except in number, the rural establishments showed greater increases than the urban.'

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  • The number of rural establishments in 1900 was 1174; in 1905, 1179; and the number of urban establishments in 1900, 195; in 1905, 220; but the capitalization of the rural establishments increased from $50,057,922 in 1900 to $97,942,185 in 1905; while that of the urban increased from $12,692,105 to $15,480,039; the value of the products of the rural establishments increased from $41,930,816 to $ 6 4, 88 7,74 8; while that of the urban establishments increased from $11,404,995 to $14,488,514; and the number of employes in rural establishments increased from 36,616 to 50,744, while those in urban establishments increased from 7409 to 8697.

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  • population of incorporated places), or the approximate equivalent, having less than 4000 inhabitants) increased from 93,551 to 104,352; while the rural population (i.e.

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  • This time events worked in his favour; the industrial insurrection of June made the middle classes and the mass of the rural population look for a saviour, while it turned the industrial population towards Bonapartism, out of hatred for the republican bourgeois.

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  • In both countries rural society was based on the old-fashioned household community, or zadruga, which still survives in the territories that formed the Military Frontier, though everywhere tending to disappear and be replaced by individual ownership. The Croatian peasantry are least prosperous in the riverside districts, where marshfevers prevail, and especially beside the Save.

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  • For administrative purposes Croatia-Slavonia is divided into 8 rural counties, already enumerated; besides the 4 urban counties, or municipalities of Agram, Semlin, Warasdin and Esseg.

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  • These are subdivided into rural and urban communes, each with its representative council.

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  • The affairs of each rural county are managed by an assembly chosen for 6 years, which comprises not only elected members, but delegates from all the cities except Agram and Esseg, with certain high ecclesiastics and officials.

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  • Out of these developed the rural deaneries, the office of archpriest being ultimately merged in that of rural dean, with which it became synonymous.

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  • In the Lutheran Church in Germany the title archpriest (Erzpriester) was in some cases long retained as the equivalent of that of superintendent, sometimes also still called dean (Dechant), his functions being much the same as those of the rural dean.

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  • Of the total population of Austria 14,009,233 were scattered in 26,321 rural communities with less than 2000 inhabitants; while the remainder was distributed in 1742 communities with a population of in 260 communities with a population of 5000-10,00o; in 96 towns with a population of 10,000-20,000; in 41 towns with a population of 20,000-50,000; in 6 towns with a population of 50,000-Ioo,000; and in 6 towns with a population of over 100,000 inhabitants.

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  • But the twofold effect of civil warthe ruin of the farmers and the scarcity and high price of rural laborwas only reduced arbitrarily and, by fits and starts.

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  • The archdeaconry of Lincoln was among those instituted by Remigius, and the division into rural deaneries also dates from this period.

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  • Almost everything connected with bee-craft has been revolutionized, and apiculture, instead of being classed with such homely rural occupations as that of the country housewife who carries a few eggs weekly to the market-town in her basket, is to-day regarded in many countries as a pursuit of considerable import ance.

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  • It may be safely said that the value of the bee to the fruit-grower and the market-gardener has been proved beyond dispute; and the technical instruction now afforded by county councils in the rural districts of England has an appreciable effect.

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  • This newly-aroused interest in the subject is no doubt to a large extent fostered by the grants in aid of technical instruction afforded by county councils in rural districts.

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  • in the ten years), and by an extraordinary rise in land values, urban and rural.

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  • Instruction is compulsory upon children over seven years of age and under thirteen years in the towns of Hobart and Launceston, but not in the rural districts.

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  • State aid to religion, which was given to any denomination which would receive it, was abolished; local self-government was extended to the rural as well as to the urban districts; a policy of semiprotection was introduced; the island was connected by a submarine cable to the mainland of Australia, and thence to the rest of the civilized world; and the population, which was only 99, 328 in 1870, was nearly doubled.

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  • By their influence the rural districts have been brought into close touch with the cities, and many centres of population have been so connected as to make them practically one community.

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  • Supplementing the educative influence of the schools are the public libraries (161 in number in 1907); the state appropriates $200 to establish, and $100 per annum to maintain, a public library (provided the town in which the library is to be established contributes an equal amount), and the Public Library Committee has for its duty the study of library problems. Higher education is provided by Yale University; by Trinity College, at Hartford (nonsectarian), founded in 1823; by Wesleyan University, at Middletown, the oldest college of the Methodist Church in the United States, founded in 1831; by the Hartford Theological Seminary (1834); by the Connecticut Agricultural College, at Storrs (founded 1881), which has a two years' course of preparation for rural teachers and has an experiment station; by the Connecticut Experiment Station at New Haven, which was established in 1875 at Middletown and was the first in the United States; and by normal schools at New Britain (established 1881), Willimantic (1890), New Haven (1894) and Danbury (1903).

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  • Young saw the commencement of violence in the rural districts, and his sympathies began to take the side of the classes suffering from the excesses of the Revolution.

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  • of the total increase in population; while the rural population (i.e.

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  • The diet (Landtag) is composed of thirty-six members, of whom two are appointed by the duke, eight are representatives of landowners paying the highest taxes, two of the highest assessed members of the commercial and manufacturing classes, fourteen of the other electors of the towns and ten of the rural districts.

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  • The population of the province of Saxony in 1905 was 2,979,221, an average of 305 persons to the square mile; they were almost equally divided between urban population and rural.

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  • The rural countryside that surrounded the building rolled gracefully to trees that looked like Oaks, but it was winter and they still had their leaves.

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  • On to rural America where the pickings are as fertile as the country side and there's always a trusting little soul willing to help a stranger.

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  • One such incident was an obvious abduction in rural Delaware that occurred overnight.

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  • A network television station announced the arrest of Byron John Jacobson for the murder of Elsie Otis whose nude body was found in rural Kentucky!

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  • Baxton worked in a rural county where backup wasn't readily available so he'd approached the car alone.

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  • Howie spotted Cummings picking up Jennie Lohr as she hitchhiked to town from her rural Kansas farm.

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  • Betsy lined up two likely abductions and she was anxious to get started, Quinn had already performed his part, setting his apparatus appropriately for a rural Iowa location where a twelve year old boy had gone missing.

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  • She had not been reported missing because her mother lay dead in their small rural farm house over a hundred miles away.

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  • The remoteness of the rural home caused the lengthy delay in discovering the horrendous crime.

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  • Unfortunately, it was a rural location, difficult to pin point other than a general location.

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  • Sofia watched the scenery turn from urban to rural and recognized the roads leading up to Skyline Drive, the scenic route running through the mountains of northern Virginia.

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  • Even Maria had gone uptown for the parade and festivities, surely a thrill compared to the rural poverty of her homeland.

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  • In rural areas, first responders were often neighbors, which was the fortunate case with them.

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  • The couple had recently moved back to Fairhaven, in rural New England, after years away.

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